The Pilgrim's Progress

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                           By John Bunyan, John (1628-1688)

         

 

 

 

 

 

                                                            www.ccel.org

                                                           Public Domain


 

                  The Pilgrim's Progress

 

                                From This World to That Which is to Come;

                                   Delivered under the Similitude of a Dream

 













                            by John Bunyan (1628-1688)

 









                                               Auburn:  Derby and Miller.

                                        Buffalo:  Geo. H. Derby and Co. 1853


 

                              CONTENTS

 

   [1]Author's Apology for his Book

 

   [2]PART I.

   [3]The First Stage. --Christian's deplorable condition--Evangelist

   directs him--Obstinate and Pliable--Slough of Despond--Worldly

   Wiseman--Mount Sinai--Conversation with Evangelist

 

   [4]The Second Stage. --The Gate--conversation with Good-Will--the

   Interpreter's House--Christian entertained--the sights there shown him

 

   [5]The Third Stage. --Loses his burden at the Cross--Simple, Sloth,

   Presumption, Formalist, Hypocrisy--hill Difficulty--the Arbor--misses

   his roll--the palace Beautiful--the lions--talk with Discretion, Piety,

   Prudence, and Charity--wonders shown to Christian--he is armed

 

   [6]The Fourth Stage. --Valley of Humiliation--conflict with

   Apollyon--Valley of the Shadow of Death--Giants Pope and Pagan

 

   [7]The Fifth Stage. --Discourse with Faithful--Talkative and

   Faithful--Talkative's character

 

   [8]The Sixth Stage. --Evangelist overtakes Christian and

   Faithful--Vanity Fair--the Pilgrims brought to trial--Faithful's

   mareyrdom

 

   [9]The Seventh Stage. --Christian and Hopeful--By-ends and his

   companions--plain of Ease--Lucre-hill--Demas--the River of

   Life--Vain-Confidence--Giant Despair--the Pilgrims beaten--the

   Dungeon--the Key of Promise

 

   [10]The Eighth Stage. --The Delectable Mountains--entertained by the

   Shepherds--a by-way to Hell

 

   [11]The Ninth Stage. --Christian and Hopeful meet

   Ignorance--Turn-away--Little-Faith--the Flatterer--the net--chastised

   by a Shining One--Atheist--Enchanted Ground--Hopeful's account of his

   conversion--discourse of Christian and Ignorance

 

   [12]The Tenth Stage. --Talk of Christian and Hopeful--Temporary--the

   backslider--the land of Beulah--Christian and Hopeful pass the

   River--welcome to the Celestial city

 

   [13]Conclusion of Part First

 

   [14]PART II.

   [15]The Author's Way

   [16]To the Reader

 

   [17]The First Stage. --Christiana and Mercy--Slough of

   Despond--knocking at the gate--the Dog--talk between the Pilgrims

 

   [18]The Second Stage. --The Devil's garden--two ill-favored ones

   assault them--the Reliever--entertainment at the Interpreter's

   house--the Significant Rooms--Christiana and Mercy's experience

 

   [19]The Third Stage. --Accompanied by Great-Heart--the Cross--justified

   by Christ--Sloth and his companions hung--the hill Difficulty--the

   Arbor

 

   [20]The Fourth Stage. --The Lions--Giant Grim slain by Great-Heart--the

   Pilgrims entertained--the children catechized by Prudence--Mr.

   Brisk--Matthew sick--the remedy--sights shown the Pilgrims

 

   [21]The Fifth Stage. --Valley of Humiliation--Valley of the Shadow of

   Death--Giant Maul slain

 

   [22]The Sixth Stage. --Discourse with Old Honest--character and history

   of Mr. Fearing--Mr. Self-will and some professors--Gaius'

   house--conversation--the supper--Old Honest and Great-Heart's riddles

   and discourse--Giant Slay-good killed--Mr. Feeble-mind's history--Mr.

   Ready-to-halt--Vanity Fair--Mr. Mnason's house--cheering entertainment

   and converse--a Monster

 

   [23]The Seventh Stage. --Hill Lucre--River of Life--Giant Despair

   killed--the Delectable Mountains--entertainment by the Shepherds

 

   [24]The Eighth Stage. --Valiant-for-Truth's-Victory--his talk with

   Great-Heart--the Enchanted Ground--Heedless and Too-bold--Mr.

   Stand-fast--Madam Bubble's temptations--the land of Beulah--Christiana

   summoned--her parting addresses--she passes the River--she is followed

   by Ready-to-halt, Feeble-mind, Despondency and his daughter, Honest,

   Valiant, Steadfast

 

           THE AUTHOR'S APOLOGY

                       FOR HIS BOOK

 

 

   WHEN at the first I took my pen in hand

   Thus for to write, I did not understand

   That I at all should make a little book

   In such a mode: nay, I had undertook

   To make another; which, when almost done,

   Before I was aware I this begun.

 

   And thus it was: I, writing of the way

   And race of saints in this our gospel-day,

   Fell suddenly into an allegory

   About their journey, and the way to glory,

   In more than twenty things which I set down

   This done, I twenty more had in my crown,

   And they again began to multiply,

   Like sparks that from the coals of fire do fly.

   Nay, then, thought I, if that you breed so fast,

   I'll put you by yourselves, lest you at last

   Should prove ad infinitum, [1] and eat out

   The book that I already am about.

   Well, so I did; but yet I did not think

   To show to all the world my pen and ink

   In such a mode; I only thought to make

   I knew not what: nor did I undertake

   Thereby to please my neighbor; no, not I;

   I did it my own self to gratify.

 

   Neither did I but vacant seasons spend

   In this my scribble; nor did I intend

   But to divert myself, in doing this,

   From worser thoughts, which make me do amiss.

   Thus I set pen to paper with delight,

   And quickly had my thoughts in black and white;

   For having now my method by the end,

   Still as I pull'd, it came; and so I penned

   It down; until it came at last to be,

   For length and breadth, the bigness which you see.

 

   Well, when I had thus put mine ends together

   I show'd them others, that I might see whether

   They would condemn them, or them justify:

   And some said, let them live; some, let them die:

   Some said, John, print it; others said, Not so:

   Some said, It might do good; others said, No.

 

   Now was I in a strait, and did not see

   Which was the best thing to be done by me:

   At last I thought, Since ye are thus divided,

   I print it will; and so the case decided.

 

   For, thought I, some I see would have it done,

   Though others in that channel do not run:

   To prove, then, who advised for the best,

   Thus I thought fit to put it to the test.

 

   I further thought, if now I did deny

   Those that would have it, thus to gratify;

   I did not know, but hinder them I might

   Of that which would to them be great delight.

   For those which were not for its coming forth,

   I said to them, Offend you, I am loath;

   Yet since your brethren pleased with it be,

   Forbear to judge, till you do further see.

 

   If that you wilt not read, let it alone;

   Some love the meat, some love to pick the bone.

   Yea, that I might them better palliate,

   I did too with them thus expostulate:

 

   May I not write in such a style as this?

   In such a method too, and yet not miss

   My end-your good? Why may it not be done?

   Dark clouds bring waters, when the bright bring none.

   Yea, dark or bright, if they their silver drops

   Cause to descend, the earth, by yielding crops,

   Gives praise to both, and carps not at either,

   But treasures up the fruit they yield together;

   Yea, so commixes both, that in their fruit

   None can distinguish this from that; they suit

   Her well when hungry; but if she be full,

   She spews out both, and makes their blessing null.

 


 

   You see the ways the fisherman does take

   To catch the fish; what engines does he make!

   Behold how he engages all his wits;

   Also his snares, lines, angles, hooks, and nets:

   Yet fish there be, that neither hook nor line,

   Nor snare, nor net, nor engine can make your.

   They must be groped for, and be tickled too,

   Or they will not be catch'd, whate'er you do.

 

   How does the fowler seek to catch his game

   By divers means! all which one cannot name.

   His guns, his nets, his lime-twigs, light and bell:

   He creeps, he goes, he stands; yea, who can tell

   Of all his postures? yet there's none of these

   Will make him master of what fowls he please.

   Yea, he must pipe and whistle, to catch this;

   Yet if he does so, that bird he will miss.

   If that a pearl may in toad's head dwell,

   And may be found too in an oyster-shell;

   If things that promise nothing, do contain

   What better is than gold; who will disdain,

   That have an inkling [2] of it, there to look,

   That they may find it. Now my little book,

   (Though void of all these paintings that may make

   It with this or the other man to take,)

   Is not without those things that do excel

   What do in brave but empty notions dwell.

 

   "Well, yet I am not fully satisfied

   That this your book will stand, when soundly tried."

 

   Why, what's the matter? "It is dark." What though?

   "But it is feigned." What of that? I think

   some men by feigned words, as dark as mine,

   Make truth to spangle, and its rays to shine.

   "But they want solidness." Speak, man, your mind.

   "They drown the weak; metaphors make us blind."

 


 

   Solidity, indeed, becomes the pen

   Of him that writes things divine to men:

   But must I needs want solidness, because

   By metaphors I speak? Were not God's laws,

   His gospel laws, in olden time held forth

 

   By types, shadows, and metaphors? Yet loth

   Will any sober man be to find fault

   With them, lest he be found for to assault

   The highest wisdom! No, he rather stoops,

   And seeks to find out what, by pins and loops,

   By calves and sheep, by heifers, and by rams,

   By birds and herbs, and by the blood of lambs,

   God speaks to him; and happy is he

   That finds the light and grace that in them be.

 

   But not too forward, therefore, to conclude

   That I want solidness--that I am rude;

   All things solid in show, not solid be;

   All things in parable despise not we,

   Lest things most hurtful lightly we receive,

   And things that good are, of our souls bereave.

   My dark and cloudy words they do but hold

   The truth, as cabinets inclose the gold.

 

   The prophets used much by metaphors

   To set forth truth: yea, who so considers

   Christ, his apostles too, shall plainly see,

   That truths to this day in such mantles be.

 

   Am I afraid to say, that holy writ,

   Which for its style and phrase puts down all wit,

   Is everywhere so full of all these things,

   Dark figures, allegories? Yet there springs

   From that same book, that lustre, and those rays

   Of light, that turn our darkest nights to days.

 

   Come, let my carper to his life now look,

   And find there darker lines than in my book

   He finds any; yea, and let him know,

   That in his best things there are worse lines too.

 

   May we but stand before impartial men,

   To his poor one I durst adventure ten,

   That they will take my meaning in these lines

   Far better than his lies in silver shrines.

   Come, truth, although in swaddling-clothes, I find

   Informs the judgment, rectifies the mind;

   Pleases the understanding, makes the will

   Submit, the memory too it does fill

   With what does our imagination please;

   Likewise it tends our troubles to appease.

 

   Sound words, I know, Timothy is to use,

   And old wives' fables he is to refuse;

   But yet grave Paul him nowhere does forbid

   The use of parables, in which lay hid

   That gold, those pearls, and precious stones that were

   Worth digging for, and that with greatest care.

 

   Let me add one word more. O man of God,

   Are you offended? Dost you wish I had

   Put forth my matter in another dress?

   Or that I had in things been more express?

   Three things let me propound; then I submit

   To those that are my betters, as is fit.

 

   1. I find not that I am denied the use

   Of this my method, so I no abuse

   Put on the words, things, readers, or be rude

   In handling figure or similitude,

   In application; but all that I may

   Seek the advance of truth this or that way.

   Denied, did I say? Nay, I have leave,

   (Example too, and that from them that have

   God better pleased, by their words or ways,

   Than any man that breaths now-a-days,)

   Thus to express my mind, thus to declare

   Things unto you that excellentest are.

 

   2. I find that men as high as trees will write

   Dialogue-wise; yet no man does them slight

   For writing so. Indeed, if they abuse

   Truth, cursed be they, and the craft they use

   To that intent; but yet let truth be free

   To make her sallies upon you and me,

   Which way it pleases God: for who knows how,

   Better than he that taught us first to plough,

   To guide our minds and pens for his designs?

   And he makes base things usher in divine.

 

   3. I find that holy writ, in many places,

   Hath semblance with this method, where the cases

   Do call for one thing to set forth another:

   Use it I may then, and yet nothing smother

   Truth's golden beams: nay, by this method may

   Make it cast forth its rays as light as day.

 

   And now, before I do put up my pen,

   I'll show the profit of my book; and then

   Commit both you and it unto that hand

   That pulls the strong down, and makes weak ones stand.

 

   This book it chalks out before your eyes

   The man that seeks the everlasting prize:

   It shows you whence he comes, whither he goes,

   What he leaves undone; also what he does:

   It also shows you how he runs, and runs,

   Till he unto the gate of glory comes.

   It shows, too, who set out for life amain,

   As if the lasting crown they would obtain;

   Here also you may see the reason why

   They lose their labor, and like fools do die.

 

   This book will make a traveler of you,

   If by its counsel you wilt ruled be;

   It will direct you to the Holy Land,

   If you wilt its directions understand

   Yea, it will make the slothful active be;

   The blind also delightful things to see.

 

   Are you for something rare and profitable?

   Or would you see a truth within a fable?

   Are you forgetful? Would you remember

   From New-Year's day to the last of December?

   Then read my fancies; they will stick like burs,

   And may be, to the helpless, comforters.

 

   This book is writ in such a dialect

   As may the minds of listless men affect:

   It seems a novelty, and yet contains

   Nothing but sound and honest gospel strains.

 

   Would you divert yourself from melancholy?

   Would you be pleasant, yet be far from folly?

   Would you read riddles, and their explanation?

   Or else be drowned in your contemplation?

   Dost you love picking meat? Or would you see

   A man i' the clouds, and hear him speak to you?

   Would you be in a dream, and yet not sleep?

   Or would you in a moment laugh and weep?

   Would you lose yourself and catch no harm,

   And find yourself again without a charm?

   Would read yourself, and read you know not what,

   And yet know whether you are blest or not,

   By reading the same lines? O then come hither,

   And lay my book, your head, and heart together.

 

 

JOHN BUNYAN.

     __________________________________________________________________

 

   [1] Without end.

   [2] Hint, whisper, insinuation.


 

 

                             PART I

 

 

THE FIRST STAGE

 

   As I walked through the wilderness of this world, I lighted on a

   certain place where was a den, [3] and laid me down in that place to

   sleep; and as I slept, I dreamed a dream. I dreamed, and behold, I saw

   a man clothed with rags, standing in a certain place, with his face

   from his own house, a book in his hand, and a great burden upon his

   back. Isa 64:6; Luke 14:33; Psalm 38:4. I looked and saw him open the

   book, and read therein; and as he read, he wept and trembled; and not

   being able longer to contain, he brake out with a lamentable cry,

   saying, "What shall I do?" Acts 2:37; 16:30; Habak 1:2,3.

 

   In this plight, therefore, he went home, and restrained himself as long

   as he could, that his wife and children should not perceive his

   distress; but he could not be silent long, because that his trouble

   increased. Wherefore at length he brake his mind to his wife and

   children; and thus he began to talk to them: "O, my dear wife," said

   he, "and you the children of my bowels, I, your dear friend, am in

   myself undone by reason of a burden that lieth hard upon me; moreover,

   I am certainly informed that this our city will be burnt with fire from

   heaven; in which fearful overthrow, both myself, with you my wife, and

   you my sweet babes, shall miserably come to ruin, except (the which yet

   I see not) some way of escape can be found whereby we may be

   delivered." At this his relations were sore amazed; not for that they

   believed that what he had said to them was true, but because they

   thought that some frenzy distemper had got into his head; therefore, it

   drawing towards night, and they hoping that sleep might settle his

   brains, with all haste they got him to bed. But the night was as

   troublesome to him as the day; wherefore, instead of sleeping, he spent

   it in sighs and tears. So when the morning was come, they would know

   how he did. He told them, "Worse and worse:" he also set to talking to

   them again; but they began to be hardened. They also thought to drive

   away his distemper by harsh and surly carriage to him; sometimes they

   would deride, sometimes they would chide, and sometimes they would

   quite neglect him. Wherefore he began to retire himself to his chamber

   to pray for and pity them, and also to condole his own misery; he would

   also walk solitarily in the fields, sometimes reading, and sometimes

   praying: and thus for some days he spent his time.

 

   Now I saw, upon a time, when he was walking in the fields, that he was

   (as he was wont) reading in his book, and greatly distressed in his

   mind; and as he read, he burst out, as he had done before, crying,

   "What shall I do to be saved?" Acts 16:30,31.

 

   I saw also that he looked this way, and that way, as if he would run;

   yet he stood still because (as I perceived) he could not tell which way

   to go. I looked then, and saw a man named Evangelist coming to him, and

   he asked, "Wherefore dost you cry?"

 

   He answered, "Sir, I perceive, by the book in my hand, that I am

   condemned to die, and after that to come to judgment, Heb. 9:27; and I

   find that I am not willing to do the first, Job 10: 21,22, nor able to

   do the second." Ezek. 22:14.

 

   Then said Evangelist, "Why not willing to die, since this life is

   attended with so many evils?" The man answered, "Because, I fear that

   this burden that is upon my back will sink me lower than the grave, and

   I shall fall into Tophet. Isa. 30:33. And Sir, if I be not fit to go to

   prison, I am not fit to go to judgment, and from thence to execution;

   and the thoughts of these things make me cry."

 

   Then said Evangelist, "If this be your condition, why stand you

   still?" He answered, "Because I know not whither to go." Then he gave

   him a parchment roll, and there was written within, "Fly from the wrath

   to come." Matt. 3:7.

 

   The man therefore read it, and looking upon Evangelist very carefully,

   said, "Whither must I fly?" Then said Evangelist, (pointing with his

   finger over a very wide field,) "Do you see yonder wicket-gate?" Matt.

   7:13,14. The man said, "No." Then said the other, "Do you see yonder

   shining light?" Psalm 119:105; 2 Pet. 1:19. He said, "I think I do."

   Then said Evangelist, "Keep that light in your eye, and go up directly

   thereto, so shalt you see the gate; at which, when you knocks, it

   shall be told you what you shalt do." So I saw in my dream that the

   man began to run. Now he had not run far from his own door when his

   wife and children, perceiving it, began to cry after him to return; but

   the man put his fingers in his ears, and ran on crying, Life! life!

   eternal life! Luke 14:26. So he looked not behind him, Gen. 19:17, but

   fled towards the middle of the plain.

 

   The neighbors also came out to see him run, Jer. 20:10; and as he ran,

   some mocked, others threatened, and some cried after him to return; and

   among those that did so, there were two that were resolved to fetch him

   back by force. The name of the one was Obstinate and the name of the

   other Pliable. Now by this time the man was got a good distance from

   them; but, however, they were resolved to pursue him, which they did,

   and in a little time they overtook him. Then said the man, "Neighbors,

   wherefore are you come?" They said, "To persuade you to go back with

   us." But he said, "That can by no means be: you dwell," said he, "in

   the city of Destruction, the place also where I was born: I see it to

   be so; and dying there, sooner or later, you will sink lower than the

   grave, into a place that burns with fire and brimstone: be content,

   good neighbors, and go along with me."

 

   Obstinate: What, said Obstinate, and leave our friends and our comforts

   behind us!

 

   Christian: Yes, said Christian, (for that was his name,) because that

   all which you forsake is not worthy to be compartd with a little of

   that I am seeking to enjoy, 2 Cor. 4:18; and if you will go along with

   me, and hold it, you shall fare as I myself; for there, where I go, is

   enough and to spart. Luke 15:17. Come away, and prove my words.

 

   Obstinate: What are the things you seek, since you leave all the world

   to find them?

 

   Christian: I seek an inheritance incorruptible, undefiled, and that

   fades not away, 1 Peter 1:4; and it is laid up in heaven, and safe

   there, Heb. 11:16, to be bestowed, at the time appointed, on them that

   diligently seek it. Read it so, if you will, in my book.

 

   Obstinate: Tush, said Obstinate, away with your book; will you go back

   with us or no?

 

   Christian: No, not I, said the other, because I have laid my hand to

   the plough. Luke 9:62.

 

   Obstinate: Come then, neighbor Pliable, let us turn again, and go home

   without him: there is a company of these crazy-headed coxcombs, that

   when they take a fancy by the end, are wiser in their own eyes than

   seven men that can render a reason.

 

   Pliable: Then said Pliable, Don't revile; if what the good Christian

   says is true, the things he looks after are better than ours: my heart

   inclines to go with my neighbor.

 

   Obstinate: What, more fools still! Be ruled by me, and go back; who

   knows whither such a brain-sick fellow will lead you? Go back, go back,

   and be wise.

 

   Christian: Nay, but do you come with your neighbor Pliable; there are

   such things to be had which I spoke of, and many more glories besides.

   If you believe not me, read here in this book, and for the truth of

   what is expressed therein, behold, all is confirmed by the blood of Him

   that made it. Heb. 9: 17-21.

 

   Pliable: Well, neighbor Obstinate, said Pliable, I begin to come to a

   point; I intend to go along with this good man, and to cast in my lot

   with him: but, my good companion, do you know the way to this desired

   place?

 

   Christian: I am directed by a man whose name is Evangelist, to speed me

   to a little gate that is before us, where we shall receive instructions

   about the way.

 

   Pliable: Come then, good neighbor, let us be going. Then they went both

   together.

 

   Obstinate: And I will go back to my place, said Obstinate: I will be no

   companion of such misled, fantastical fellows.

 

   Now I saw in my dream, that when Obstinate was gone back, Christian and

   Pliable went talking over the plain; and thus they began their

   discourse.

 

   Christian: Come, neighbor Pliable, how do you do? I am glad you are

   persuaded to go along with me. Had even Obstinate himself but felt what

   I have felt of the powers and terrors of what is yet unseen, he would

   not thus lightly have given us the back.

 

   Pliable: Come, neighbor Christian, since there are none but us two

   here, tell me now farther, what the things are, and how to be enjoyed,

   whither we are going.

 

   Christian: I can better conceive of them with my mind, than speak of

   them with my tongue: but yet, since you are desirous to know, I will

   read of them in my book.

 

   Pliable: And do you think that the words of your book are certainly

   true?

 

   Christian: Yes, verily; for it was made by Him that cannot lie. Tit.

   1:2.

 

   Pliable: Well said; what things are they?

 

   Christian: There is an endless kingdom to be inhabited, and everlasting

   life to be given us, that we may inhabit that kingdom for ever. Isa.

   65:17; John 10: 27-29.

 

   Pliable: Well said; and what else?

 

   Christian: There are crowns of glory to be given us; and garments that

   will make us shine like the sun in the firmament of heaven. 2 Tim. 4:8;

   Rev. 22:5; Matt. 13:43.

 

   Pliable: This is very pleasant; and what else?

 

   Christian: There shall be no more crying, nor sorrow; for he that is

   owner of the place will wipe all tears from our eyes. Isa. 25:8; Rev

   7:16, 17; 21:4.

 

   Pliable: And what company shall we have there?

 

   Christian: There we shall be with seraphims and cherubims, Isaiah 6:2;

   1 Thess. 4:16,17; Rev. 5:11; creatures that will dazzle your eyes to

   look on them. There also you shall meet with thousands and ten

   thousands that have gone before us to that place; none of them are

   hurtful, but loving and holy; every one walking in the sight of God,

   and standing in his presence with acceptance for ever. In a word, there

   we shall see the elders with their golden crowns, Rev. 4:4; there we

   shall see the holy virgins with their golden harps, Rev. 14:1-5; there

   we shall see men, that by the world were cut in pieces, burnt in

   flames, eaten of beasts, drowned in the seas, for the love they bare to

   the Lord of the place, John 12:25; all well, and clothed with

   immortality as with a garment. 2 Cor. 5:2.

 

   Pliable: The hearing of this is enough to ravish one's heart. But are

   these things to be enjoyed? How shall we get to be sharers thereof?

 

   Christian: The Lord, the governor of the country, hath recorded that in

   this book, Isaiah 55:1,2; John 6:37; 7:37; Rev. 21:6; 22:17; the

   substance of which is, if we be truly willing to have it, he will

   bestow it upon us freely.

 

   Pliable: Well, my good companion, glad am I to hear of these things:

   come on, let us mend our pace.

 

   Christian: I cannot go as fast as I would, by reason of this burden

   that is on my back.

 

   Now I saw in my dream, that just as they had ended this talk, they drew

   nigh to a very miry slough that was in the midst of the plain: and they

   being heedless, did both fall suddenly into the bog. The name of the

   slough was Despond. Here, therefore, they wallowed for a time, being

   grievously bedaubed with the dirt; and Christian, because of the burden

   that was on his back, began to sink in the mire.

 

   Pliable: Then said Pliable, Ah, neighbor Christian, where are you now?

 

   Christian: Truly, said Christian, I do not know.

 

   Pliable: At this Pliable began to be offended, and angrily said to his

   fellow, Is this the happiness you have told me all this while of? If we

   have such ill speed at our first setting out, what may we expect

   between this and our journey's end? May I get out again with my life,

   you shall possess the brave country alone for me. And with that he gave

   a desperate struggle or two, and got out of the mire on that side of

   the slough which was next to his own house: so away he went, and

   Christian saw him no more.

 

   Wherefore Christian was left to tumble in the Slough of Despond alone;

   but still he endeavored to struggle to that side of the slough that was

   farehest from his own house, and next to the wicket-gate; the which he

   did, but could not get out because of the burden that was upon his

   back: but I beheld in my dream, that a man came to him, whose name was

   Help, and asked him what he did there.

 

   Christian: Sir, said Christian, I was bid to go this way by a man

   called Evangelist, who directed me also to yonder gate, that I might

   escape the wrath to come. And as I was going thither, I fell in here.

 

   Help: But why did not you look for the steps?

 

   Christian: Fear followed me so hard that I fled the next way, and fell

   in.

 

   Help: Then, said he, Give me your hand: so he gave him his hand, and

   he drew him out, Psalm 40:2, and he set him upon sound ground, and bid

   him go on his way.

 

   Then I stepped to him that plucked him out, and said, "Sir, wherefore,

   since over this place is the way from the city of Destruction to yonder

   gate, is it, that this plat is not mended, that poor travellers might

   go thither with more security?" And he said unto me, "This miry slough

   is such a place as cannot be mended: it is the descent whither the scum

   and filth that attends conviction for sin does continually run, and

   therefore it is called the Slough of Despond; for still, as the sinner

   is awakened about his lost condition, there arise in his soul many

   fears and doubts, and discouraging apprehensions, which all of them get

   together, and settle in this place: and this is the reason of the

   badness of this ground.

 

   "It is not the pleasure of the King that this place should remain so

   bad. Isa. 35:3,4. His laborers also have, by the direction of his

   Majesty's surveyors, been for above this sixteen hundred years employed

   about this patch of ground, if perhaps it might have been mended: yea,

   and to my knowledge," said he, "there have been swallowed up at least

   twenty thousand care loads, yea, millions of wholesome instructions,

   that have at all seasons been brought from all places of the King's

   dominions, (and they that can tell, say, they are the best materials to

   make good ground of the place,) if so be it might have been mended; but

   it is the Slough of Despond still, and so will be when they have done

   what they can.

 

   "True, there are, by the direction of the Lawgiver, certain good and

   substantial steps, placed even through the very midst of this slough;

   but at such time as this place does much spew out its filth, as it does

   against change of weather, these steps are hardly seen; or if they be,

   men, through the dizziness of their heads, step beside, and then they

   are bemired to purpose, notwithstanding the steps be there: but the

   ground is good when they are once got in at the gate." 1 Sam. 12:23.

 

   Now I saw in my dream, that by this time Pliable was got home to his

   house. So his neighbors came to visit him; and some of them called him

   wise man for coming back, and some called him fool for hazarding

   himself with Christian: others again did mock at his cowardliness,

   saying, "Surely, since you began to venture, I would not have been so

   base as to have given out for a few difficulties:" so Pliable sat

   sneaking among them. But at last he got more confidence, and then they

   all turned their tales, and began to deride poor Christian behind his

   back. And thus much concerning Pliable.

 

   Now as Christian was walking solitary by himself, he espied one afar

   off come crossing over the field to meet him; and their hap was to meet

   just as they were crossing the way of each other. The gentleman's name

   that met him was Mr. Worldly Wiseman: he dwelt in the town of Carnal

   Policy, a very great town, and also hard by from whence Christian came.

   This man then, meeting with Christian, and having some inkling [4] of

   him, (for Christian's setting forth from the city of Destruction was

   much noised abroad, not only in the town where he dwelt, but also it

   began to be the town-talk in some other places)--Mr. Worldly Wiseman,

   therefore, having some guess of him, by beholding his laborious going,

   by observing his sighs and groans, and the like, began thus to enter

   into some talk with Christian.

 

   Mr. Worldly Wiseman: How now, good fellow, whither away after this

   burdened manner?

 

   Christian: A burdened manner indeed, as ever I think poor creature had!

   And whereas you ask me, Whither away? I tell you, sir, I am going to

   yonder wicket-gate before me; for there, as I am informed, I shall be

   put into a way to be rid of my heavy burden.

 

   Mr. Worldly Wiseman: Hast you a wife and children?

 

   Christian: Yes; but I am so laden with this burden, that I cannot take

   that pleasure in them as formerly: methinks I am as if I had none. 1

   Cor. 7:29.

 

   Mr. Worldly Wiseman: Wilt you hearken to me, if I give you counsel?

 

   Christian: If it be good, I will; for I stand in need of good counsel.

 

   Mr. Worldly Wiseman: I would advise you, then, that you with all

   speed get yourself rid of your burden; for you wilt never be settled in

   your mind till then: nor canst you enjoy the benefits of the blessings

   which God hath bestowed upon you till then.

 

   Christian: That is that which I seek for, even to be rid of this heavy

   burden: but get it off myself I cannot, nor is there any man in our

   country that can take it off my shoulders; therefore am I going this

   way, as I told you, that I may be rid of my burden.

 

   Mr. Worldly Wiseman: Who bid you go this way to be rid of your burden?

 

   Christian: A man that appeared to me to be a very great and honorable

   person: his name, as I remember, is Evangelist.

 

   Mr. Worldly Wiseman: I beshrew [5] him for his counsel! there is not a

   more dangerous and troublesome way in the world than is that into which

   he hath directed you; and that you shalt find, if you will be ruled

   by his counsel. You hast met with something, as I perceive, already;

   for I see the dirt of the Slough of Despond is upon you: but that

   slough is the beginning of the sorrows that do attend those that go on

   in that way. Hear me; I am older than you: you are like to meet with,

   in the way which you go, wearisomeness, painfulness, hunger,

   perils, nakedness, sword, lions, dragons, darkness, and, in a word,

   death, and what not. These things are certainly true, having been

   confirmed by many testimonies. And should a man so carelessly cast away

   himself, by giving heed to a stranger?

 

   Christian: Why, sir, this burden on my back is more terrible to me than

   are all these things which you have mentioned: nay, methinks I care not

   what I meet with in the way, if so be I can also meet with deliverance

   from my burden.

 

   Mr. Worldly Wiseman: How came you by your burden at first?

 

   Christian: By reading this book in my hand.

 

   Mr. Worldly Wiseman: I thought so; and it has happened unto you as to

   other weak men, who, meddling with things too high for them, do

   suddenly fall into your distractions; which distractions do not only

   unman men, as your I perceive have done you, but they run them upon

   desperate ventures, to obtain they know not what.

 

   Christian: I know what I would obtain; it is ease from my heavy burden.

 

   Mr. Worldly Wiseman: But why wilt you seek for ease this way, seeing

   so many dangers attend it? especially since (had you but patience to

   hear me) I could direct you to the obtaining of what you desire,

   without the dangers that you in this way wilt run yourself into. Yea,

   and the remedy is at hand. Besides, I will add, that instead of those

   dangers, you shalt meet with much safety, friendship, and content.

 

   Christian: Sir, I pray open this secret to me.

 

   Mr. Worldly Wiseman: Why, in yonder village (the village is named

   Morality) there dwells a gentleman whose name is Legality, a very

   judicious man, and a man of a very good name, that has skill to help

   men off with such burdens as your is from their shoulders; yea to my

   knowledge, he hath done a great deal of good this way; aye, and

   besides, he hath skill to cure those that are somewhat crazed in their

   wits with their burdens. To him, as I said, you may go, and be

   helped presently. His house is not quite a mile from this place; and if

   he should not be at home himself, he hath a pretty young man to his

   son, whose name is Civility, that can do it (to speak on) as well as

   the old gentleman himself: there, I say, you may be eased of your

   burden; and if you are not minded to go back to your former habitation,

   (as indeed I would not wish you,) you may send for your wife and

   children to this village, where there are houses now standing empty,

   one of which you may have at a reasonable rate: provision is there

   also cheap and good; and that which will make your life the more happy

   is, to be sure there you shalt live by honest neighbors, in credit and

   good fashion.

 

   Now was Christian somewhat at a stand; but presently he concluded, If

   this be true which this gentleman hath said, my wisest course is to

   take his advice: and with that he thus farther spake.

 

   Christian: Sir, which is my way to this honest man's house?

 

   Mr. Worldly Wiseman: Do you see yonder high hill?

 

   Christian: Yes, very well.

 

   Mr. Worldly Wiseman: By that hill you must go, and the first house you

   come at is his.

 

   So Christian turned out of his way to go to Mr. Legality's house for

   help: but, behold, when he was got now hard by the hill, it seemed so

   high, and also that side of it that was next the way-side did hang so

   much over, that Christian was afraid to venture further, lest the hill

   should fall on his head; wherefore there he stood still, and wotted not

   what to do. Also his burden now seemed heavier to him than while he was

   in his way. There came also flashes of fire, Ex. 19:16, 18, out of the

   hill, that made Christian afraid that he should be burnt: here

   therefore he did sweat and quake for fear. Heb. 12:21. And now he began

   to be sorry that he had taken Mr. Worldly Wiseman's counsel; and with

   that he saw Evangelist coming to meet him, at the sight also of whom he

   began to blush for shame. So Evangelist drew nearer and nearer; and

   coming up to him, he looked upon him, with a severe and dreadful

   countenance, and thus began to reason with Christian.

 

   Evangelist: What does you here, Christian? said he: at which words

   Christian knew not what to answer; wherefore at present he stood

   speechless before him. Then said Evangelist farther, Are not you the

   man that I found crying without the walls of the city of Destruction?

 

   Christian: Yes, dear sir, I am the man.

 

   Evangelist: Did not I direct you the way to the little wicket-gate?

 

   Christian: Yes, dear sir, said Christian.

 

   Evangelist: How is it then you are so quickly turned aside? For you

   are now out of the way.

 

   Christian: I met with a gentleman so soon as I had got over the Slough

   of Despond, who persuaded me that I might, in the village before me,

   find a man that could take off my burden.

 

   Evangelist: What was he?

 

   Christian: He looked like a gentleman, and talked much to me, and got

   me at last to yield: so I came hither; but when I beheld this hill, and

   how it hangs over the way, I suddenly made a stand, lest it should fall

   on my head.

 

   Evangelist: What said that gentleman to you?

 

   Christian: Why, he asked me whither I was going; and I told him.

 

   Evangelist: And what said he then?

 

   Christian: He asked me if I had a family; and I told him. But, said I,

   I am so laden with the burden that is on my back, that I cannot take

   pleasure in them as formerly.

 

   Evangelist: And what said he then?

 

   Christian: He bid me with speed get rid of my burden; and I told him it

   was ease that I sought. And, said I, I am therefore going to yonder

   gate, to receive farther direction how I may get to the place of

   deliverance. So he said that he would show me a better way, and short,

   not so attended with difficulties as the way, sir, that you set me in;

   which way, said he, will direct you to a gentleman's house that hath

   skill to take off these burdens: so I believed him, and turned out of

   that way into this, if haply I might be soon eased of my burden. But

   when I came to this place, and beheld things as they are, I stopped,

   for fear (as I said) of danger: but I now know not what to do.

 

   Evangelist: Then said Evangelist, Stand still a little, that I show

   you the words of God. So he stood trembling. Then said Evangelist,

   "See that ye refuse not Him that speaks; for if they escaped not who

   refused him that spake on earth, much more shall not we escape, if we

   turn away from Him that speaks from heaven." Heb. 12:25. He said,

   moreover, "Now the just shall live by faith; but if any man draw back,

   my soul shall have no pleasure in him." Heb. 10:38. He also did thus

   apply them: You are the man that are running into this misery; you

   hast begun to reject the counsel of the Most High, and to draw back your

   foot from the way of peace, even almost to the hazarding of your

   perdition.

 

   Then Christian fell down at his feet as dead, crying, Woe is me, for I

   am undone! At the sight of which Evangelist caught him by the right

   hand, saying, "All manner of sin and blasphemies shall be forgiven unto

   men." Matt. 12:31. "Be not faithless, but believing." John 20:27. Then

   did Christian again a little revive, and stood up trembling, as at

   first, before Evangelist.

 

   Then Evangelist proceeded, saying, Give more earnest heed to the things

   that I shall tell you of. I will now show you who it was that deluded

   you, and who it was also to whom he sent you. The man that met you

   is one Worldly Wiseman, and rightly is he so called; partly because he

   savors only the doctrine of this world, 1 John 4:5, (therefore he

   always goes to the town of Morality to church;) and partly because he

   loves that doctrine best, for it saves him best from the cross, Gal.

   6:12: and because he is of this carnal temper, therefore he seeks to

   pervert my ways, though right. Now there are three things in this man's

   counsel that you must utterly abhor.

 

   1. His turning you out of the way.

 

   2. His laboring to render the cross odious to you.

 

   3. And his setting your feet in that way that leads unto the

   administration of death.

 

   First, You must abhor his turning you out of the way; yea, and your

   own consenting thereto; because this is to reject the counsel of God

   for the sake of the counsel of a Worldly Wiseman. The Lord says,

   "Strive to enter in at the straight gate," Luke 13:24, the gate to

   which I send you; "for strait is the gate that leads unto life, and

   few there be that find it." Matt. 7:13,14. From this little

   wicket-gate, and from the way thereto, hath this wicked man turned

   you, to the bringing of you almost to destruction: hate, therefore,

   his turning you out of the way, and abhor yourself for hearkening to

   him.

 

   Secondly, You must abhor his laboring to render the cross odious unto

   you; for you are to prefer it before the treasures of Egypt. Heb.

   11:25,26. Besides, the King of glory hath told you, that he that will

   save his life shall lose it. And he that comes after him, and hates not

   his father, and mother, and wife, and children, and brethren, and

   sisters, yea, and his own life also, he cannot be his disciple. Mark

   8:38; John 12:25; Matt. 10:39; Luke 14:26. I say, therefore, for a man

   to labor to persuade you that that shall be your death, without which,

   the truth hath said, you canst not have eternal life, this doctrine

   you must abhor.

 

   Thirdly, You must hate his setting of your feet in the way that leads

   to the ministration of death. And for this you must consider to whom

   he sent you, and also how unable that person was to deliver you from

   your burden.

 

   He to whom you were sent for ease, being by name Legality, is the son

   of the bond-woman which now is, and is in bondage with her children,

   Gal. 4:21-27, and is, in a mystery, this Mount Sinai, which you hast

   feared will fall on your head. Now if she with her children are in

   bondage, how canst you expect by them to be made free? This Legality,

   therefore, is not able to set you free from your burden. No man was as

   yet ever rid of his burden by him; no, nor ever is like to be: ye

   cannot be justified by the works of the law; for by the deeds of the

   law no man living can be rid of his burden: Therefore Mr. Worldly

   Wiseman is an alien, and Mr. Legality is a cheat; and for his son

   Civility, notwithstanding his simpering looks, he is but a hypocrite,

   and cannot help you. Believe me, there is nothing in all this noise

   that you hast heard of these sottish men, but a design to beguile you

   of your salvation, by turning you from the way in which I had set you.

   After this, Evangelist called aloud to the heavens for confirmation of

   what he had said; and with that there came words and fire out of the

   mountain under which poor Christian stood, which made the hair of his

   flesh stand up. The words were pronounced: "As many as are of the works

   of the law, are under the curse; for it is written, Cursed is every one

   that continues not in all things which are written in the book of the

   law to do them." Gal. 3:10.

 

   Now Christian looked for nothing but death, and began to cry out

   lamentably; even cursing the time in which he met with Mr. Worldly

   Wiseman; still calling himself a thousand fools for hearkening to his

   counsel. He also was greatly ashamed to think that this gentleman's

   arguments, flowing only from the flesh, should have the prevalency with

   him so far as to cause him to forsake the right way. This done, he

   applied himself again to Evangelist in words and sense as follows.

 

   Christian: Sir, what think you? Is there any hope? May I now go back,

   and go up to the wicket-gate? Shall I not be abandoned for this, and

   sent back from thence ashamed? I am sorry I have hearkened to this

   man's counsel; but may my sin be forgiven?

 

   Evangelist: Then said Evangelist to him, Your sin is very great, for by

   it you hast committed two evils: you hast forsaken the way that is

   good, to tread in forbidden paths. Yet will the man at the gate receive

   you, for he has good-will for men; only, said he, take heed that you

   turn not aside again, lest you "perish from the way, when his wrath is

   kindled but a little." Psalm 2:12.

     __________________________________________________________________

 

   [3] Bedford jail, in which the author was imprisoned for conscience'

   sake

   [4] Slight knowledge.

   [5] Wish a curse to.


 

                                 THE SECOND STAGE

 

   Then did Christian address himself to go back; and Evangelist, after he

   had kissed him, gave him one smile, and bid him God speed; So he went

   on with haste, neither spake he to any man by the way; nor if any asked

   him, would he vouchsafe them an answer. He went like one that was all

   the while treading on forbidden ground, and could by no means think

   himself safe, till again he was got into the way which he had left to

   follow Mr. Worldly Wiseman's counsel. So, in process of time, Christian

   got up to the gate. Now, over the gate there was written, "Knock, and

   it shall be opened unto you." Matt. 7:7.

 

   He knocked, therefore, more than once or twice, saying,

 

 

   "May I now enter here? Will he within

 

   Open to sorry me, though I have been

 

   An undeserving rebel? Then shall I

 

   Not fail to sing his lasting praise on high."

 

   At last there came a grave person to the gate, named Goodwill, who

   asked who was there, and whence he came, and what he would have.

 

   Christian: Here is a poor burdened sinner. I come from the city of

   Destruction, but am going to Mount Zion, that I may be delivered from

   the wrath to come; I would therefore, sir, since I am informed that by

   this gate is the way thither, know if you are willing to let me in.

 

   Goodwill: I am willing with all my heart, said he; and with that he

   opened the gate.

 

   So when Christian was stepping in, the other gave him a pull. Then said

   Christian, What means that? The other told him, A little distance from

   this gate there is erected a strong castle, of which Beelzebub is the

   captain: from thence both he and they that are with him, shoot arrows

   at those that come up to this gate, if haply they may die before they

   can enter in. Then said Christian, I rejoice and tremble. So when he

   was got in, the man of the Gate asked him who directed him thither.

 

   Christian: Evangelist bid me come hither and knock, as I did: and he

   said, that you, sir, would tell me what I must do.

 

   Goodwill: An open door is set before you, and no man can shut it.

 

   Christian: Now I begin to reap the benefits of my hazards.

 

   Goodwill: But how is it that you came alone?

 

   Christian: Because none of my neighbors saw their danger as I saw mine.

 

   Goodwill: Did any of them know of your coming?

 

   Christian: Yes, my wife and children saw me at the first, and called

   after me to turn again: also, some of my neighbors stood crying and

   calling after me to return; but I put my fingers in my ears, and so

   came on my way.

 

   Goodwill: But did none of them follow you, to persuade you to go back?

 

   Christian: Yes, both Obstinate and Pliable; but when they saw that they

   could not prevail, Obstinate went railing back; but Pliable came with

   me a little way.

 

   Goodwill: But why did he not come through?

 

   Christian: We indeed came both together until we came to the Slough of

   Despond, into the which we also suddenly fell. And then was my neighbor

   Pliable discouraged, and would not venture farther. Wherefore, getting

   out again on the side next to his own house, he told me I should

   possess the brave country alone for him: so he went his way, and I came

   mine; he after Obstinate, and I to this gate.

 

   Goodwill: Then said Goodwill, Alas, poor man; is the celestial glory of

   so little esteem with him, that he counts it not worth running the

   hazard of a few difficulties to obtain it?

 

   Christian: Truly, said Christian, I have said the truth of Pliable; and

   if I should also say all the truth of myself, it will appear there is

   no betterment betwixt him and myself. It is true, he went back to his

   own house, but I also turned aside to go in the way of death, being

   persuaded thereto by the carnal arguments of one Mr. Worldly Wiseman.

 

   Goodwill: Oh, did he light upon you? What, he would have had you seek

   for ease at the hands of Mr. Legality! They are both of them a very

   cheat. But did you take his counsel?

 

   Christian: Yes, as far as I durst. I went to find out Mr. Legality,

   until I thought that the mountain that stands by his house would have

   fallen upon my head; wherefore there I was forced to stop.

 

   Goodwill: That mountain has been the death of many, and will be the

   death of many more: it is well you escaped being by it dashed in

   pieces.

 

   Christian: Why truly I do not know what had become of me there, had not

   Evangelist happily met me again as I was musing in the midst of my

   dumps; but it was God's mercy that he came to me again, for else I had

   never come hither. But now I am come, such a one as I am, more fit

   indeed for death by that mountain, than thus to stand talking with my

   Lord. But O, what a favor is this to me, that yet I am admitted

   entrance here!

 

   Goodwill: We make no objections against any, notwithstanding all that

   they have done before they come hither; they in no wise are cast out.

   John 6:37. And therefore good Christian, come a little way with me, and

   I will teach you about the way you must go. Look before you; dost

   you see this narrow way? That is the way you must go. It was cast up

   by the patriarchs, prophets, Christ, and his apostles, and it is as

   strait as a rule can make it; this is the way you must go.

 

   Christian: But, said Christian, are there no turnings nor windings, by

   which a stranger may lose his way?

 

   Goodwill: Yes, there are many ways butt down upon this, and they are

   crooked and wide: but thus you may distinguish the right from the

   wrong, the right only being strait and narrow. Matt. 7:14.

 

   Then I saw in my dream, that Christian asked him further, if he could

   not help him off with his burden that was upon his back. For as yet he

   had not got rid thereof; nor could he by any means get it off without

   help.

 

   He told him, "As to your burden, be content to bear it until you come

   to the place of deliverance; for there it will fall from your back of

   itself."

 

   Then Christian began to gird up his loins, and to address himself to

   his journey. So the other told him, that by that he was gone some

   distance from the gate, he would come to the house of the Interpreter,

   at whose door he should knock, and he would show him excellent things.

   Then Christian took his leave of his friend, and he again bid him God

   speed.

 

   Then he went on till he came at the house of the Interpreter, [6] where

   he knocked over and over. At last one came to the door, and asked who

   was there.

 

   Christian: Sir, here is a traveller, who was bid by an acquaintance of

   the good man of this house to call here for my profit; I would

   therefore speak with the master of the house.

 

   So he called for the master of the house, who, after a little time,

   came to Christian, and asked him what he would have.

 

   Christian: Sir, said Christian, I am a man that am come from the city

   of Destruction, and am going to the Mount Zion; and I was told by the

   man that stands at the gate at the head of this way, that if I called

   here you would show me excellent things, such as would be helpful to me

   on my journey.

 

   Interpreter: Then said Interpreter, Come in; I will show you that

   which will be profitable to you. So he commanded his man to light the

   candle, and bid Christian follow him; so he had him into a private

   room, and bid his man open a door; the which when he had done,

   Christian saw the picture a very grave person hang up against the wall;

   and this was the fashion of it: It had eyes lifted up to heaven, the

   best of books in his hand, the law of truth was written upon its lips,

   the world was behind its back; it stood as if it pleaded with men, and

   a crown of gold did hang over its head.

 

   Christian: Then said Christian, What means this?

 

   Interpreter: The man whose picture this is, is one of a thousand: he

   can beget children, 1 Cor. 4:15, travail in birth with children, Gal.

   4:19, and nurse them himself when they are born. And whereas you see

   him with his eyes lift up to heaven, the best of books in his hand, and

   the law of truth writ on his lips: it is to show you, that his work is

   to know, and unfold dark things to sinners; even as also you see him

   stand as if he pleaded with men. And whereas you see the world as

   cast behind him, and that a crown hangs over his head; that is to show

   you, that slighting and despising the things that are present, for the

   love that he hath to his Master's service, he is sure in the world that

   comes next, to have glory for his reward. Now, said the Interpreter, I

   have showed you this picture first, because the man whose picture this

   is, is the only man whom the Lord of the place whither you are going

   hath authorized to be your guide in all difficult places you may

   meet with in the way: wherefore take good heed to what I have showed

   you, and bear well in your mind what you hast seen, lest in your

   journey you meet with some that pretend to lead you right, but their

   way goes down to death.

 

   Then he took him by the hand, and led him into a very large parlor that

   was full of dust, because never swept; the which after he had reviewed

   it a little while, the Interpreter called for a man to sweep. Now, when

   he began to sweep, the dust began so abundantly to fly about, that

   Christian had almost therewith been choked. Then said the Interpreter

   to a damsel that stood by, "Bring hither water, and sprinkle the room;"

   the which when she had done, it was swept and cleansed with pleasure.

 

   Christian: Then said Christian, What means this?

 

   Interpreter: The Interpreter answered, This parlor is the heart of a

   man that was never sanctified by the sweet grace of the Gospel. The

   dust is his original sin, and inward corruptions, that have defiled the

   whole man. He that began to sweep at first, is the law; but she that

   brought water, and did sprinkle it, is the Gospel. Now whereas you

   saw, that so soon as the first began to sweep, the dust did so fly

   about that the room by him could not be cleansed, but that you were

   almost choked therewith; this is to show you, that the law, instead of

   cleansing the heart (by its working) from sin, does revive, Rom. 7:9,

   put strength into, 1 Cor. 15:56, and increase it in the soul, Rom.

   5:20, even as it does discover and forbid it; for it does not give

   power to subdue. Again, as you saw the damsel sprinkle the room

   with water, upon which it was cleansed with pleasure, this is to show

   you, that when the Gospel comes in the sweet and precious influences

   thereof to the heart, then, I say, even as you saw the damsel lay

   the dust by sprinkling the floor with water, so is sin vanquished and

   subdued, and the soul made clean, through the faith of it, and

   consequently fit for the King of glory to inhabit. John 15:3; Eph.

   5:26; Acts 15:9; Rom. 16:25,26.

 

   I saw moreover in my dream, that the Interpreter took him by the hand,

   and had him into a little room, where sat two little children, each one

   in his chair. The name of the eldest was Passion, and the name of the

   other Patience. Passion seemed to be much disconted, but Patience was

   very quiet. Then Christian asked, "What is the reason of the discontent

   of Passion?" The Interpreter answered, "The governor of them would have

   him stay for his best things till the beginning of the next year, but

   he will have all now; but Patience is willing to wait."

 

   Then I saw that one came to Passion, and brought him a bag of treasure,

   and poured it down at his feet: the which he took up, and rejoiced

   therein, and withal laughed Patience to scorn. But I beheld but a

   while, and he had lavished all away, and had nothing left him but rags.

 

   Christian: Then said Christian to the Interpreter, Expound this matter

   more fully to me.

 

   Interpreter: So he said, These two lads are figures; Passion of the men

   of this world, and Patience of the men of that which is to come; for,

   as here you see, passion will have all now, this year, that is to

   say, in this world; so are the men of this world: They must have all

   their good things now; they cannot stay till the next year, that is,

   until the next world, for their portion of good. That proverb, "A bird

   in the hand is worth two in the bush," is of more authority with them

   than are all the divine testimonies of the good of the world to come.

   But as you saw that he had quickly lavished all away, and had

   presently left him nothing but rags, so will it be with all such men at

   the end of this world.

 

   Christian: Then said Christian, Now I see that Patience has the best

   wisdom, and that upon many accounts. 1. Because he stays for the best

   things. 2. And also because he will have the glory of his, when the

   other has nothing but rags.

 

   Interpreter: Nay, you may add another, to wit, the glory of the next

   world will never wear out; but these are suddenly gone. Therefore

   Passion had not so much reason to laugh at Patience because he had his

   good things first, as Patience will have to laugh at Passion because he

   had his best things last; for first must give place to last, because

   last must have his time to come: but last gives place to nothing, for

   there is not another to succeed. He, therefore, that hath his portion

   first, must needs have a time to spend it; but he that hath his portion

   last, must have it lastingly: therefore it is said of Dives, "In your

   lifetime you received your good things, and likewise Lazarus evil

   things; but now he is comforted, and you are tormented." Luke 16:25.

 

   Christian: Then I perceive it is not best to covet things that are now,

   but to wait for things to come.

 

   Interpreter: You say truth: for the things that are seen are temporal,

   but the things that are not seen are eternal. 2 Cor. 4:18. But though

   this be so, yet since things present and our fleshly appetite are such

   near neighbors one to another; and again, because things to come and

   carnal sense are such strangers one to another; therefore it is, that

   the first of these so suddenly fall into amity, and that distance is so

   continued between the second.

 

   Then I saw in my dream, that the Interpreter took Christian by the

   hand, and led him into a place where was a fire burning against a wall,

   and one standing by it, always casting much water upon it, to quench

   it; yet did the fire burn higher and hotter.

 

   Then said Christian, What means this?

 

   The Interpreter answered, This fire is the work of grace that is

   wrought in the heart; he that casts water upon it, to extinguish and

   put it out, is the devil: but in that you see the fire,

   notwithstanding, burn higher and hotter, you shalt also see the reason

   of that. So he had him about to the back side of the wall, where he saw

   a man with a vessel of oil in his hand, of the which he did also

   continually cast (but secretly) into the fire.

 

   Then said Christian, What means this?

 

   The Interpreter answered, This is Christ, who continually, with the oil

   of his grace, maintains the work already begun in the heart; by the

   means of which, notwithstanding what the devil can do, the souls of his

   people prove gracious still. 2 Cor. 12:9. And in that you saw that

   the man stood behind the wall to maintain the fire; this is to teach

   you, that it is hard for the tempted to see how this work of grace is

   maintained in the soul.

 

   I saw also, that the Interpreter took him again by the hand, and led

   him into a pleasant place, where was built a stately palace, beautiful

   to behold; at the sight of which Christian was greatly delighted. He

   saw also upon the top thereof certain persons walking, who were clothed

   all in gold.

 

   Then said Christian may we go in thither?

 

   Then the Interpreter took him, and led him up towards the door of the

   palace; and behold, at the door stood a great company of men, as

   desirous to go in, but durst not. There also sat a man at a little

   distance from the door, at a table-side, with a book and his inkhorn

   before him, to take the names of them that should enter therein; he saw

   also that in the doorway stood many men in armor to keep it, being

   resolved to do to the men that would enter, what hurt and mischief they

   could. Now was Christian somewhat in amaze. At last, when every man

   stareed back for fear of the armed men, Christian saw a man of a very

   stout countenance come up to the man that sat there to write, saying,

   "Set down my name, sir;" the which when he had done, he saw the man

   draw his sword, and put a helmet on his head, and rush towards the door

   upon the armed men, who laid upon him with deadly force; but the man,

   not at all discouraged, fell to cutting and hacking most fiercely. So

   after he had received and given many wounds to those that attempted to

   keep him out, Matt. 11:12; Acts 14:22; he cut his way through them all,

   and pressed forward into the palace; at which there was a pleasant

   voice heard from those that were within, even of those that walked upon

   the top of the palace, saying,

 

 

   "Come in, come in,

 

   Eternal glory you shalt win."

 

   So he went in, and was clothed with such garments as they. Then

   Christian smiled, and said, I think verily I know the meaning of this.

 

   Now, said Christian, let me go hence. Nay, stay, said the Interpreter,

   till I have showed you a little more, and after that you shalt go on

   your way. So he took him by the hand again, and led him into a very dark

   room, where there sat a man in an iron cage.

 

   Now the man, to look on, seemed very sad; he sat with his eyes looking

   down to the ground, his hands folded together, and he sighed as if he

   would break his heart. Then said Christian, What means this? At which

   the Interpreter bid him talk with the man.

 

   Then said Christian to the man, What are you? The man answered, I am

   what I was not once.

 

   Christian: What wwere you once?

 

   The Man: The man said, I was once a fair and flourishing professor,

   Luke 8:13, both in mine own eyes, and also in the eyes of others: I

   once was, as I thought, fair for the celestial city, and had then even

   joy at the thoughts that I should get thither.

 

   Christian: Well, but what are you now?

 

   The Man: I am now a man of despair, and am shut up in it, as in this

   iron cage. I cannot get out; Oh now I cannot!

 

   Christian: But how came you into this condition?

 

   The Man: I left off to watch and be sober: I laid the reins upon the

   neck of my lusts; I sinned against the light of the word, and the

   goodness of God; I have grieved the Spirit, and he is gone; I tempted

   the devil, and he is come to me; I have provoked God to anger, and he

   has left me: I have so hardened my heart, that I cannot repent.

 

   Then said Christian to the Interpreter, But is there no hope for such a

   man as this? Ask him, said the Interpreter.

 

   Christian: Then said Christian, Is there no hope, but you must be kept

   in the iron cage of despair?

 

   The Man: No, none at all.

 

   Christian: Why, the Son of the Blessed is very pitiful.

 

   The Man: I have crucified him to myself afresh, Heb. 6:6; I have

   despised his person, Luke 19:14; I have despised his righteousness; I

   have counted his blood an unholy thing; I have done despite to the

   spirit of grace, Heb. 10:29: therefore I have shut myself out of all

   the promises and there now remains to me nothing but threatenings,

   dreadful threatenings, faithful threatenings of certain judgment and

   fiery indignation, which shall devour me as an adversary.

 

   Christian: For what did you bring yourself into this condition?

 

   The Man: For the lusts, pleasures, and profits of this world; in the

   enjoyment of which I did then promise myself much delight: but now

   every one of those things also bite me, and gnaw me like a burning

   worm.

 

   Christian: But canst you not now repent and turn?

 

   The Man: God hath denied me repentance. His word gives me no

   encouragement to believe; yea, himself hath shut me up in this iron

   cage: nor can all the men in the world let me out. Oh eternity!

   eternity! how shall I grapple with the misery that I must meet with in

   eternity?

 

   Interpreter: Then said the Interpreter to Christian, Let this man's

   misery be remembered by you, and be an everlasting caution to you.

 

   Christian: Well, said Christian, this is fearful! God help me to watch

   and to be sober, and to pray that I may shun the cause of this man's

   misery. Sir, is it not time for me to go on my way now?

 

   Interpreter: Tarry till I shall show you one thing more, and then you

   shalt go on your way.

 

   So he took Christian by the hand again and led him into a chamber where

   there was one rising out of bed; and as he put on his raiment, he shook

   and trembled. Then said Christian, Why does this man thus tremble? The

   Interpreter then bid him tell to Christian the reason of his so doing.

 

   So he began, and said, "This night, as I was in my sleep, I dreamed,

   and behold the heavens grew exceeding black; also it thundered and

   lightened in most fearful wise, that it put me into an agony. So I

   looked up in my dream, and saw the clouds rack at an unusual rate; upon

   which I heard a great sound of a trumpet, and saw also a man sitting

   upon a cloud, attended with the thousands of heaven: they were all in

   flaming fire; also the heavens were in a burning flame. I heard then a

   voice, saying, Arise, ye dead, and come to judgment.' And with that the

   rocks rent, the graves opened, and the dead that were therein came

   forth: some of them were exceeding glad, and looked upward; and some

   sought to hide themselves under the mountains. Then I saw the man that

   sat upon the cloud open the book, and bid the world draw near. Yet

   there was, by reason of a fierce flame that issued out and came from

   before him, a convenient distance between him and them, as between the

   judge and the prisoners at the bar. 1 Cor. 15; 1 Thess. 4:16; Jude 15;

   John 5: 28,29; 2 Thess. 1:8-10; Rev. 20:11-14; Isa. 26:21; Micah

   7:16,17; Psa. 5:4; 50:1-3; Mal. 3:2,3; Dan. 7:9,10. I heard it also

   proclaimed to them that attended on the man that sat on the cloud,

   Gather together the tares, the chaff, and stubble, and cast them into

   the burning lake.' Matt. 3:12; 18:30; 24:30; Mal. 4:1. And with that

   the bottomless pit opened, just whereabout I stood; out of the mouth of

   which there came, in an abundant manner, smoke, and coals of fire, with

   hideous noises. It was also said to the same persons, Gather my wheat

   into the garner.' Luke 3:17. And with that I saw many catched up and

   carried away into the clouds, but I was left behind. 1 Thess. 4:16,17.

   I also sought to hide myself, but I could not, for the man that sat

   upon the cloud still kept his eye upon me; my sins also came into my

   mind, and my conscience did accuse me on every side. Rom. 2:14,15. Upon

   this I awakened from my sleep."

 

   Christian: But what was it that made you so afraid of this sight?

 

   The Man: Why, I thought that the day of judgment was come, and that I

   was not ready for it: but this frightened me most, that the angels

   gathered up several, and left me behind; also the pit of hell opened

   her mouth just where I stood. My conscience too afflicted me; and, as I

   thought, the Judge had always his eye upon me, showing indignation in

   his countenance.

 

   Then said the Interpreter to Christian, "Hast you considered all these

   things?"

 

   Christian: Yes, and they put me in hope and fear.

 

   Interpreter: Well, keep all things so in your mind, that they may be as

   a goad in your sides, to prick you forward in the way you must go.

   Then Christian began to gird up his loins, and to address himself to

   his journey. Then said the Interpreter, "The Comforter be always with

   you, good Christian, to guide you in the way that leads to the city."

   So Christian went on his way, saying,

 

 

   "Here I have seen things rare and profitable,

 

   Things pleasant, dreadful, things to make me stable

 

   In what I have begun to take in hand:

 

   Then let me think on them, and understand

 

   Wherefore they showed me were, and let me be

 

   Thankful, O good Interpreter, to you."

     __________________________________________________________________

 

   [6] The Holy Spirit.

     __________________________________________________________________

 


 

                                    THE THIRD STAGE

 

   Now I saw in my dream, that the highway up which Christian was to go,

   was fenced on either side with a wall, and that wall was called

   Salvation. Isaiah 26:1. Up this way, therefore, did burdened Christian

   run, but not without great difficulty, because of the load on his back.

 

   He ran thus till he came at a place somewhat ascending; and upon that

   place stood a cross, and a little below, in the bottom, a sepulchre. So

   I saw in my dream, that just as Christian came up with the cross, his

   burden loosed from off his shoulders, and fell from off his back, and

   began to tumble, and so continued to do till it came to the mouth of

   the sepulchre, where it fell in, and I saw it no more.

 

   Then was Christian glad and lightsome, and said with a merry heart, "He

   hath given me rest by his sorrow, and life by his death." Then he stood

   still a while, to look and wonder; for it was very surprising to him

   that the sight of the cross should thus ease him of his burden. He

   looked, therefore, and looked again, even till the springs that were in

   his head sent the waters down his cheeks. Zech. 12:10. Now as he stood

   looking and weeping, behold, three Shining Ones came to him, and

   saluted him with, "Peace be to you." So the first said to him, "Your

   sins be forgiven you," Mark 2:5; the second stripped him of his rags,

   and clothed him with change of raiment, Zech. 3:4; the third also set a

   mark on his forehead, Eph. 1:13, and gave him a roll with a seal upon

   it, which he bid him look on as he ran, and that he should give it in

   at the celestial gate: so they went their way. Then Christian gave

   three leaps for joy, and went on singing,

 

 

   "Thus far did I come laden with my sin,

   Nor could aught ease the grief that I was in,

   Till I came hither. What a place is this!

   Must here be the beginning of my bliss?

   Must here the burden fall from off my back?

   Must here the strings that bound it to me crack?

   Blest cross! blest sepulchre! blest rather be

   The Man that there was put to shame for me!"

 

   I saw then in my dream, that he went on thus, even until he came at the

   bottom, where he saw, a little out of the way, three men fast asleep,

   with fetters upon their heels. The name of the one was Simple, of

   another Sloth, and of the third Presumption.

 

   Christian then seeing them lie in this case, went to them, if

   peradventure he might awake them, and cried, you are like them that

   sleep on the top of a mast, Prov. 23:34, for the Dead Sea is under you,

   a gulf that hath no bottom: awake, therefore, and come away; be willing

   also, and I will help you off with your irons. He also told them, If he

   that goes about like a roaring lion, 1 Pet. 5:8, comes by, you will

   certainly become a prey to his teeth. With that they looked upon him,

   and began to reply in this sort: Simple said, I see no danger; Sloth

   said, Yet a little more sleep; and Presumption said, Every tub must

   stand upon its own bottom. And so they lay down to sleep again, and

   Christian went on his way.

 

   Yet he was troubled to think that men in that danger should so little

   esteem the kindness of him that so freely offered to help them, both by

   awakening of them, counseling of them, and proffering to help them off

   with their irons. And as he was troubled thereabout, he espied two men

   come tumbling over the wall, on the left hand of the narrow way; and

   they made up apace to him. The name of the one was Formalist, and the

   name of the other Hypocrisy. So, as I said, they drew up unto him, who

   thus entered with them into discourse.

 

   Christian: Gentlemen, whence came you, and whither do you go?

 

   Formalist and Hypocrisy: We were born in the land of Vain-glory, and

   are going, for praise, to Mount Zion.

 

   Christian: Why came you not in at the gate which stands at the

   beginning of the way? Know ye not that it is written, that "he that

   cometh not in by the door, but climbs up some other way, the same is

   a thief and a robber?" John 10:1.

 

   Formalist and Hypocrisy: They said, that to go to the gate for entrance

   was by all their countrymen counted too far about; and that therefore

   their usual way was to make a short cut of it, and to climb over the

   wall, as they had done.

 

   Christian: But will it not be counted a trespass against the Lord of

   the city whither we are bound, thus to violate his revealed will?

 

   Formalist and Hypocrisy: They told him, that as for that, he needed not

   to trouble his head thereabout: for what they did they had custom for,

   and could produce, if need were, testimony that would witness it for

   more than a thousand years.

 

   Christian: But, said Christian, will you stand a trial at law?

 

   Formalist and Hypocrisy: They told him, that custom, it being of so

   long standing as above a thousand years, would doubtless now be

   admitted as a thing legal by an impartial judge: and besides, said

   they, if we get into the way, what matter is it which way we get in? If

   we are in, we are in: you are but in the way, who, as we perceive,

   came in at the gate; and we also are in the way, that came tumbling

   over the wall: wherein now is your condition better than ours?

 

   Christian: I walk by the rule of my Master: you walk by the rude

   working of your fancies. You are counted thieves already by the Lord of

   the way: therefore I doubt you will not be found true men at the end of

   the way. You come in by yourselves without his direction, and shall go

   out by yourselves without his mercy.

 

   To this they made him but little answer; only they bid him look to

   himself. Then I saw that they went on, every man in his way, without

   much conference one with another, save that these two men told

   Christian, that as to laws and ordinances, they doubted not but that

   they should as conscientiously do them as he. Therefore, said they, we

   see not wherein you differest from us, but by the coat that is on your

   back, which was, as we think, given you by some of your neighbors, to

   hide the shame of your nakedness.

 

   Christian: By laws and ordinances you will not be saved, since you came

   not in by the door. Gal. 2:16. And as for this coat that is on my back,

   it was given me by the Lord of the place whither I go; and that, as you

   say, to cover my nakedness with. And I take it as a token of kindness

   to me; for I had nothing but rags before. And besides, thus I comfort

   myself as I go. Surely, think I, when I come to the gate of the city,

   the Lord thereof will know me for good, since I have his coat on my

   back; a coat that he gave me freely in the day that he stripped me of

   my rags. I have, moreover, a mark in my forehead, of which perhaps you

   have taken no notice, which one of my Lord's most intimate associates

   fixed there in the day that my burden fell off my shoulders. I will

   tell you, moreover, that I had then given me a roll sealed, to comfort

   me by reading as I go on the way; I was also bid to give it in at the

   celestial gate, in token of my certain going in after it: all which

   things I doubt you want, and want them because you came not in at the

   gate.

 

   To these things they gave him no answer; only they looked upon each

   other, and laughed. Then I saw that they went all on, save that

   Christian kept before, who had no more talk but with himself, and that

   sometimes sighingly, and sometimes comfortably: also he would be often

   reading in the roll that one of the Shining Ones gave him, by which he

   was refreshed.

 

   I beheld then, that they all went on till they came to the foot of the

   hill Difficulty, at the bottom of which there was a spring. There were

   also in the same place two other ways besides that which came straight

   from the gate: one turned to the left hand, and the other to the right,

   at the bottom of the hill; but the narrow way lay right up the hill,

   and the name of the going up the side of the hill is called Difficulty.

   Christian now went to the spring, Isa. 49:10, and drank thereof to

   refresh himself, and then began to go up the hill, saying,

 

 

   "The hill, though high, I covet to ascend;

   The difficulty will not me offend;

   For I perceive the way to life lies here:

   Come, pluck up heart, let's neither faint nor fear.

   Better, though difficult, the right way to go,

   Than wrong, though easy, where the end is woe."

 

   The other two also came to the foot of the hill. But when they saw that

   the hill was steep and high, and that there were two other ways to go;

   and supposing also that these two ways might meet again with that up

   which Christian went, on the other side of the hill; therefore they

   were resolved to go in those ways. Now the name of one of those ways

   was Danger, and the name of the other Destruction. So the one took the

   way which is called Danger, which led him into a great wood; and the

   other took directly up the way to Destruction, which led him into a

   wide field, full of dark mountains, where he stumbled and fell, and

   rose no more.

 

   I looked then after Christian, to see him go up the hill, where I

   perceived he fell from running to going, and from going to clambering

   upon his hands and his knees, because of the steepness of the place.

   Now about the midway to the top of the hill was a pleasant Arbor, made

   by the Lord of the hill for the refreshment of weary travellers.

   Thither, therefore, Christian got, where also he sat down to rest him:

   then he pulled his roll out of his bosom, and read therein to his

   comfort; he also now began afresh to take a review of the coat or

   garment that was given to him as he stood by the cross. Thus pleasing

   himself awhile, he at last fell into a slumber, and thence into a fast

   sleep, which detained him in that place until it was almost night; and

   in his sleep his roll fell out of his hand. Now, as he was sleeping,

   there came one to him, and awaked him, saying, "Go to the ant, you

   sluggard; consider her ways, and be wise." Prov. 6:6. And with that,

   Christian suddenly stared up, and sped him on his way, and went apace

   till he came to the top of the hill.

 

   Now when he was got up to the top of the hill, there came two men

   running amain; the name of the one was Timorous, and of the other

   Mistrust: to whom Christian said, Sirs, what's the matter? you run the

   wrong way. Timorous answered, that they were going to the city of Zion,

   and had got up that difficult place: but, said he, the farther we go,

   the more danger we meet with; wherefore we turned, and are going back

   again.

 

   Yes, said Mistrust, for just before us lie a couple of lions in the

   way, whether sleeping or waking we know not; and we could not think, if

   we came within reach, but they would presently pull us in pieces.

 

   Christian: Then said Christian, You make me afraid; but whither shall I

   fly to be safe? If I go back to mine own country, that is prepartd for

   fire and brimstone, and I shall certainly perish there; if I can get to

   the celestial city, I am sure to be in safety there: I must venture. To

   go back is nothing but death: to go forward is fear of death, and life

   everlasting beyond it: I will yet go forward. So Mistrust and Timorous

   ran down the hill, and Christian went on his way. But thinking again of

   what he had heard from the men, he felt in his bosom for his roll, that

   he might read therein and be comforted; but he felt, and found it not.

   Then was Christian in great distress, and knew not what to do; for he

   wanted that which used to relieve him, and that which should have been

   his pass into the celestial city. Here, therefore, he began to be much

   perplexed, and knew not what to do. At last he bethought himself that

   he had slept in the arbor that is on the side of the hill; and falling

   down upon his knees, he asked God forgiveness for that foolish act, and

   then went back to look for his roll. But all the way he went back, who

   can sufficiently set forth the sorrow of Christian's heart? Sometimes

   he sighed, sometimes he wept, and oftentimes he chided himself for being

   so foolish to fall asleep in that place, which was erected only for a

   little refreshment from his weariness. Thus, therefore, he went back,

   carefully looking on this side and on that, all the way as he went, if

   happily he might find his roll, that had been his comfort so many times

   in his journey. He went thus till he came again in sight of the arbor

   where he sat and slept; but that sight renewed his sorrow the more, by

   bringing again, even afresh, his evil of sleeping unto his mind. Rev.

   2:4; 1 Thess. 5:6-8. Thus, therefore, he now went on, bewailing his

   sinful sleep, saying, O wretched man that I am, that I should sleep in

   the daytime! that I should sleep in the midst of difficulty! that I

   should so indulge the flesh as to use that rest for ease to my flesh

   which the Lord of the hill hath erected only for the relief of the

   spirits of pilgrims! How many steps have I taken in vain! Thus it

   happened to Israel; for their sin they were sent back again by the way

   of the Red Sea; and I am made to tread those steps with sorrow, which I

   might have trod with delight, had it not been for this sinful sleep.

   How far might I have been on my way by this time! I am made to tread

   those steps thrice over, which I needed not to have trod but once: yea,

   now also I am like to be benighted, for the day is almost spent. O that

   I had not slept!

 

   Now by this time he was come to the arbor again, where for a while he

   sat down and wept; but at last, (as Providence would have it,) looking

   sorrowfully down under the settle, there he espied his roll, the which

   he with trembling and haste catched up, and put it into his bosom. But

   who can tell how joyful this man was when he had gotten his roll again?

   For this roll was the assurance of his life, and acceptance at the

   desired haven. Therefore he laid it up in his bosom, gave thanks to God

   for directing his eye to the place where it lay, and with joy and tears

   betook himself again to his journey. But O how nimbly did he go up the

   rest of the hill! Yet before he got up, the sun went down upon

   Christian; and this made him again recall the vanity of his sleeping to

   his remembrance; and thus he again began to condole with himself: Oh

   you sinful sleep! how for your sake am I like to be benighted in my

   journey! I must walk without the sun, darkness must cover the path of

   my feet, and I must hear the noise of the doleful creatures, because of

   my sinful sleep! Now also he remembered the story that Mistrust and

   Timorous told him of, how they were frighted with the sight of the

   lions. Then said Christian to himself again, These beasts range in the

   night for their prey; and if they should meet with me in the dark, how

   should I shift them? how should I escape being by them torn in pieces?

   Thus he went on his way. But while he was bewailing his unhappy

   miscarriage, he lift up his eyes, and behold there was a very stately

   palace before him, the name of which was Beautiful, and it stood by the

   highway-side.

 

   So I saw in my dream that he made haste, and went forward, that if

   possible he might get lodging there. Now before he had gone far, he

   entered into a very narrow passage, which was about a furlong off the

   Porter's lodge, and looking very narrowly before him as he went, he

   espied two lions in the way. Now, thought he, I see the dangers that

   Mistrust and Timorous were driven back by. (The lions were chained, but

   he saw not the chains.) Then he was afraid, and thought also himself to

   go back after them; for he thought nothing but death was before him.

   But the Porter at the lodge, whose name is Watchful, perceiving that

   Christian made a halt, as if he would go back, cried unto him, saying,

   Is your strength so small? Mark 4:40. Fear not the lions, for they are

   chained, and are placed there for trial of faith where it is, and for

   discovery of those that have none: keep in the midst of the path, and

   no hurt shall come unto you.

 

   Then I saw that he went on, trembling for fear of the lions, but taking

   good heed to the directions of the Porter; he heard them roar, but they

   did him no harm. Then he clapped his hands, and went on till he came

   and stood before the gate where the Porter was. Then said Christian to

   the Porter, Sir, what house is this? and may I lodge here to-night? The

   Porter answered, This house was built by the Lord of the hill, and he

   built it for the relief and security of pilgrims. The Porter also asked

   whence he was, and whither he was going.

 

   Christian: I am come from the city of Destruction, and am going to

   Mount Zion: but because the sun is now set, I desire, if I may, to

   lodge here to-night.

 

   The Porter: What is your name?

 

   Christian: My name is now Christian, but my name at the first was

   Graceless: I came of the race of Japheth, whom God will persuade to

   dwell in the tents of Shem. Gen. 9:27.

 

   The Porter: But how does it happen that you come so late? The sun is

   set.

 

   Christian: I had been here sooner, but that, wretched man that I am, I

   slept in the arbor that stands on the hill-side! Nay, I had,

   notwithstanding that, been here much sooner, but that in my sleep I

   lost my evidence, and came without it to the brow of the hill; and then

   feeling for it, and not finding it, I was forced with sorrow of heart

   to go back to the place where I slept my sleep, where I found it; and

   now I am come.

 

   The Porter: Well, I will call out one of the virgins of this place, who

   will, if she likes your talk, bring you in to the rest of the family,

   according to the rules of the house. So Watchful the Porter rang a

   bell, at the sound of which came out of the door of the house a grave

   and beautiful damsel, named Discretion, and asked why she was called.

 

   The Porter answered, This man is on a journey from the city of

   Destruction to Mount Zion; but being weary and benighted, he asked me

   if he might lodge here to-night: so I told him I would call for you,

   who, after discourse had with him, may do as seems you good, even

   according to the law of the house.

 

   Then she asked him whence he was, and whither he was going; and he told

   her. She asked him also how he got into the way; and he told her. Then

   she asked him what he had seen and met with in the way, and he told

   her. And at last she asked his name. So he said, It is Christian; and I

   have so much the more a desire to lodge here to-night, because, by what

   I perceive, this place was built by the Lord of the hill for the relief

   and security of pilgrims. So she smiled, but the water stood in her

   eyes; and after a little pause she said, I will call forth two or three

   more of the family. So she ran to the door, and called out Prudence,

   Piety, and Charity, who, after a little more discourse with him, had

   him into the family; and many of them meeting him at the threshold of

   the house, said, Come in, you blessed of the Lord; this house was

   built by the Lord of the hill on purpose to entertain such pilgrims in.

   Then he bowed his head, and followed them into the house. So when he

   was come in and sat down, they gave him something to drink, and

   consented together that, until supper was ready, some of them should

   have some particular discourse with Christian, for the best improvement

   of time; and they appointed Piety, Prudence, and Charity to discourse

   with him: and thus they began.

 

   Piety: Come, good Christian, since we have been so loving to you as to

   receive you into our house this night, let us, if perhaps we may better

   ourselves thereby, talk with you of all things that have happened to

   you in your pilgrimage.

 

   Christian: With a very good will; and I am glad that you are so well

   disposed.

 

   Piety: What moved you at first to betake yourself to a pilgrim's life?

 

   Christian: I was driven out of my native country by a dreadful sound

   that was in mine ears; to wit, that unavoidable destruction did attend

   me, if I abode in that place where I was.

 

   Piety: But how did it happen that you came out of your country this

   way?

 

   Christian: It was as God would have it; for when I was under the fears

   of destruction, I did not know whither to go; but by chance there came

   a man, even to me, as I was trembling and weeping, whose name is

   Evangelist, and he directed me to the Wicket-gate, which else I should

   never have found, and so set me into the way that hath led me directly

   to this house.

 

   Piety: But did you not come by the house of the Interpreter?

 

   Christian: Yes, and did see such things there, the remembrance of which

   will stick by me as long as I live, especially three things: to wit,

   how Christ, in despite of Satan, maintains his work of grace in the

   heart; how the man had sinned himself quite out of hopes of God's

   mercy; and also the dream of him that thought in his sleep the day of

   judgment was come.

 

   Piety: Why, did you hear him tell his dream?

 

   Christian: Yes, and a dreadful one it was, I thought; it made my heart

   ache as he was telling of it, but yet I am glad I heard it.