Ted Hildebrandt

Books and Articles at faculty.gordon.edu

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The articles below are located at Gordon College (Wenham, MA). Below that is a listing of other articles on Genesis located elsewhere on the web.
*.doc (MS Word for word processing)
*.html (Web screen viewing)
*.pdf (printing with Gk/Hebrew fonts embedded)
*.mp3 (audio; articles read in mp3 for ripping onto CD's etc.)



                                   Course Resources
Sinai Picture Gallery
Bible-Robics Rap

Multiple Choice Content Questions
Fill-in Content Questions
Reflective/Interpretive Questions
Difficult/Dilemma Questions



Exodus Bibliography (122 pages)




Hopkins, Ezekiel.  An Exposition of the Ten Commandments (New York:  American Tract
      Society, 1690).
 *.doc [MS Word], 
.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [
Web screen]

McCabe, Robert C. "Carmen Maris Algosi: An
      Exegetical Study of Exodus 15:1-18 (Th. M.

      Thesis, Grace Theological Seminary, 1981).
       *.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],
      *.html [Web screen]


                                    Articles at Gordon
                                   Article Collection  
               [Exodus Article Collection in one 870 page file:   PDF (3.5mb)  *.doc ]

Allen, Ronald B.  "The Bloody Bridegroom in Exodus 4:24-26," 

Bibliotheca Sacra 153 (1996) 259-69. 

          *.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]
     *.mp3 [Audio]

Bailey, Jon N. “Vowing Away the Fifth Commandment:  Matthew 15:3-

6//Mark 7:9-13,” Restoration Quarterly 42 (2000) 193-209.       

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Barrick, William D.  “The Openness of God:  Does Prayer Change God?”

          The Master's Seminary Journal 12/2 (Fall 2001) 149-166. 

          *.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Beale, G. K.  "An Exegetical and Theological Consideration of the

Hardening of Pharaoh's Heart in Exodus 4-14 and Romans 9,"  Trinity

Journal 5 NS (1984) 129-54.  (Adv)                                         

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Beitzel, Barry J.  "Exodus 3:14 and the Divine Name:  A Case of Biblical

          Paronomasia,"  Trinity Journal 1.1 (1980) 5-20.   (Adv)            

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Burkitt, F. C. “The Hebrew Papyrus of the Ten Commandments,” 

The Jewish Quarterly Review 15 (1903) 392-408.                     

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Burton, Keith A.  “The Decalogue as Essential Torah in Second Temple

          Judaism,” Journal of the Adventist Theological Society 9/1-2 (1998):


*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Cerling, C. E. “Abortion and Contraception in Scripture,  Christian

Scholars Review (Fall, 1971) 42-58.                                          

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Chisholm, Robert B.  “Does God ‘Change His Mind?'” Bibliotheca Sacra  

          152 (October-December 1995): 387-99                                     

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

*.mp3 [audio]       


Coats, G. W.  "The Failure of the Hero:  Moses as a Model for Ministry," 

          Asbury Theological Journal 41.2 (1986) 15-22.                        

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Cole, H. R. “The Sabbath and the Alien,  Andrews University Seminary

Studies 38.2 (Autumn 2000) 223-229.                                       

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Congdon, Robert N.  "Exodus 21:22-25 and the Abortion Debate," 

          Bibliotheca Sacra 146 (1989) 132-47.                                      

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Craigen, Trevor.  Urim and Thummim  Post Graduate Seminar Paper,

          Grace Theological Seminary,  Winona Lake, IN:  1978.             

          *.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Davis, John J.  "The Patriarchs' Knowledge of Jehovah,"  Grace Theological

Journal 4.1 (1963)  29-43.                                                        

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Davis, D. R. "Rebellion, Presence, and Covenant:  A Study in Exodus 32-

34,"  Westminster Theological Journal 44 (1982) 71-87.           

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Dyer, C. H. "The Date of the Exodus reexamined,"  Bibliotheca Sacra

          140 (1983) 225-43.                                                                   

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Finn, A. H.  “The Tabernacle Chapters,  The Journal of Theological Studies

16 (July 1915) 449-82.                                                              

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Foote, Theodore C. "The Ephod," Journal of Biblical Literature 21 (1902) 1-47.
          *.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Glisson, Shawn D.  “Exodus 6:3 in Pentateuchal Criticism,” Restoration

Quarterly 28.3 (1985/86) 135-43.                                             

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Grisanti, Micahel A.  “The Abortion Dilemma,  The Master's Seminary

Journal 11/2 (Fall 2000) 169-190.                                             

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Hendrix, Ralph E.  "A Literary Structural Overview of Exod 25-40,"

          Andrews University Seminary Studies 30.2 (1992) 123-38.        

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

________.  "A Literary Structural Analysis of the golden-Calf Episode

          in Exodus 33:1-33:6,"  Andrews University Seminary Studies

          28.3 (1990) 211-17.                                                                  

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

________.  "Mi kan and 'Ohel Mo'ed:  Etymology, Lexical Definitions,

          and Extra-Biblical Usage,"  Andrews University Seminary Studies

          29.3 (1991) 213-23.                                                                  

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

________.  "The Use of Mi Kan and 'Ohel M' ed in Exodus 25-40,"

          Andrews University Seminary Studies 30.1 (1992) 3-13.           

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Hoehner, Harold W.  "The Duration of the Egyptian Bondage," 

          Bibliotheca Sacra 125 (1969) 306-16.                                      

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

House, H. Wayne.  “Miscarriage or Premature Birth:  Additional Thoughts

on Exodus 21:22-25,” Westminster Theological Journal 41.1 (1978)

108-23.     (Vid McDaniel below)                                                                               

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Kennedy, A. R. S. "Shewbread." A Dictionary of the Bible. Ed. J. Hastings.

Vol. 4. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1902. 495-97.        

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

_________. "Tabernacle." A Dictionary of the Bible. Ed. J. Hastings.

Vol. 4. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1902. 653-68.        

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Klein, David J. “Proving and Provision at Marah,  Kerux 15.1 (2000)


*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Kline, Meredith G.  “The Ha-Bi-Ru—Kin or Foe of Israel? Part 1” 

Westminster Theological Journal 19 (1956) 1-24.                     

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

_________.  “The Ha-Bi-Ru—Kin or Foe of Israel? Part 2” 

          Westminster Theological Journal 19 (1956) 170-84.                 

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

_________.  “The Ha-Bi-Ru—Kin or Foe of Israel? Part 3  Westminster

Theological Journal 20 (1958) 46-70.                                       

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

_________.  “The Two Tables of the Covenant,  Westminster Theological

Journal 22 (1960) 133-46.                                                        

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Laney, J. Carl.  “God's Self-Revelation in Exodus 34:6-8,  Bibliotheca

          Sacra 158 (Jan.-Mar. 2001) 36-51.                                            

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Leder, Arie, C.  "The Coherence of Exodus:  Narrative Unity and

          Meaning,"  Calvin Theological Journal 36 (2001) 251-69.        

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

_________.  "Reading Exodus to Learn and Learning to Read Exodus,"

          Calvin Theological Journal 34 (1999) 11-35.                              

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Lee, Jeong W.  “Introduction to the Ten Commandments,  Kerux 12.1

(1998) 33-40.                                                                           

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]
         *.mp3 [Audio]

Livingston, G. Herbert.  "A Case Study of the Call of Moses,"

          Asbury Theological Journal 42.2 (1987) 89-113.                      

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Mattingly, Gerald L. "The Exodus-Conquest and the Archaeology of Transjordan:
          New Light on and Old Problem," Grace Theological Journal 4.2 (1983) 245-62.
          *.doc [MS Word]*.pdf [Acrobat print]*.html [Web screen]

McDaniel, Thomas F. “The Septuagint has the Correct Translation of
            Exodus 21:22-23” Copyright 2012. (See House above)

Meek, Theophile J. “The Sabbath in the Old Testament,  Journal of Biblical

Literature 33 (1914) 201-12.                                                    

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Mercer, Samuel A. B. “Merneptah's Israel and the Exodus,” Anglican

Theological Review 5 (1922/23) 96-107                                    

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Patterson, Richard D.  "The Song of Redemption,"  Westminster

          Theological Journal 57.2 (1995) 453-61.                                  

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

________. "Victory at Sea: Prose and Poetry in Exodus 14-15," Bibliotheca Sacra
          161 (Jan. 2004) 42-54.
          *.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Ray, Paul J.  "The Duration of the Israelite Sojourn in Egypt," 

          Andrews University Seminary Studies 24.3 (1986) 231-48.        

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Rea, John.  "The Time of the Oppression and the Exodus,"  Grace

          Theological Journal 2.1 (Winter, 1961) 5-14.                           

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

________.  "New Light on the Wilderness Journey and the Conquest,"

          Grace Theological Journal 2.2 (Spring 1961) 5-13.                  

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]          

Riggs, Jack R.  "The Length of Israel's Sojourn in Egypt,"  Grace

          Theological Journal 12.1 (Winter, 1971) 18-35.                        

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Shea, William H.  “The Inscribed Tablets from Tell Deir cAlla,” 

          Andrews University Seminary Studies 27.1 (Spring 1989) 21-37.

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Slater, Thomas B. “The Possible Influence of LXX Exodus 20:11 on

          Acts 14:15,  Andrews University Seminary Studies 30.2 (1992)


*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Sprinkle, Joe M. "The Interpretation of Exodus 21:22-25 (Lex Talionis) and

         Abortion,"Westminster Theological Journal 55.2 (1993) 233-53.

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Waltke, B. K. "Palestinian Artifactual Evidence Supporting the Early

          Date of the Exodus,"  Bibliotheca Sacra 129 (1972) 33-47.       

          *.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

          *.mp3 [audio]

Wessner, Mark D.  “ Toward a Literary Understanding of Moses and the

LORD "Face To Face" (MyniPA-lx, MyniPA) in Exodus 33:7-11, 
Restoration Quarterly 44 (2002) 109-16.                                    

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Wilson, R. D.  "Critical Note on Exodus VI.3,"  Princeton Theological

          Review 22 (1924) 108-19.                                                         

          *.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Worley, David R.  “God's Gracious Love Expressed:  Exodus 20:1-17,”

          Restoration Quarterly 14 (1971) 184-204.                                  

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Young, E. J. "The Call of Moses, Part 1"  Westminster Theological Journal

          (1966-67) 117-35.                                                           

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]    *.mp3 [audio]

________.  "The Call of Moses, Part II," Westminster Theological Journal

 30 (1967-68) 1-23.                                                         

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

Zuck, Roy B.  “The Practice of Witchcraft in the Scriptures,” 

          Bibliotheca Sacra 128 (1971): 352-60  

*.doc [MS Word],  *.pdf [Acrobat print],  *.html [Web screen]

                           Articles on the Web
Return to Exodus

Ausloos, Hans  “Exod 23, 20-33 and the ‘War of YHWH,” Biblica 80 (1999) 555-63.    http://www.bsw.org/?l=71801&a=Ani15.htm

Bandstra, Barry L.  “Exodus:  Deliverance and Covenant” from Reading the Old Testament:  An Introduction to the Old Testament (Wadsworth Publishing

            Company, 1999).        


Banyai, M.  “Exodus – The Testimony of the Egyptian Sources,  Stuttgart


Barrow, Martyn.  The Tabernacle Home Page (1995).


Bratcher, Dennis.  “The Date of the Exodus:  The Historical Study of Scripture,”

Calvin, John.  “Introduction to the Law,” at Christian Classics Ethereal Library


Camp, Claudia.  “Ambiguous Relations:  Priests, Sisters, and Strange Women in the Moses Narrative,”  SBL Annual Meeting 2001:  Women in the Biblical


Clawson, Douglas B.  “Clothing From Heaven:  Exodus 39,” Kerux 12.1

Clines, David J. A. “Dancing and Shining at Sinai:  Playing the Man in
          Exodus 32-34,  Biblical Law Section of the Society of Biblical
          Literature Annual Meeting San Francisco, Nov. 22, 1998). 

Conder, C. R. “Exodus,  from The International Standard Bible
          Encyclopedia (Public Domain version)


Curson, Jon.  Exodus Audio Messages.  Calvary Chapel Costa Mesa


Eslinger, Lyle.  “Freedom or Knowledge?  Perspective and Purpose in the Exodus     
         Narrative (Exodus 1-15),”  JSOT 52 (1991)  43-60.   

_________.  “Knowing Yahweh: Exodus 6:3 in the Context of Genesis 1-Exodus
            15,” in Literary Structure and Rhetorical Strategies in the Hebrew Bible,   
            eds. L. J. de Regt, J. de Waard and J. P. Fokkelman (Winona Lake, 
            Eisenbrauns/Van Gorcum, 1996) 188-99.

Etshalom, Yitzchak.  “Pesach:  The Mitzvah of Haggadah,”            

Greenberg, Gary.  “A Comparison of the Decalogue and the Ritual Decalogue
            from the Book 101 Myths of the Bible.” 

Hendel, Ronald.  “The Exodus in Biblical Memory,”  JBL  120.4 (2001) 601-22.

Henry, Matthew.  Commentary on the Whole Bible (1706) at Christian Classics
thereal Library (Calvin College, Grand Rapids, MI)

Jacobson, Diane L.  From Slavery to Service:  A Study of Exodus (presentations
            built off her book (Minneapolis:  Augsburg Fortress, 1996).  PowerPoint,

Jamieson, Robert, A. R Fausset and David Brown.  Commentary Critical and            Explanatory on the Whole Bible (1871) at Christian Classics Ethereal
Library (Calvin College, Grand Rapids, MI)            http://ccel.org/j/jfb/jfb/JFB00.htm

Klein, Ralph W.  “Back to the Future:  The Tabernacle in the Book of Exodus,”

_________.  “Sabbath Observance in the Worship Lives of Christian 

Laurie, Greg.  The 10 Commandments (Audio Sermons 1998) Harvest Christian
            Fellowship in Riverside, California, 1998.    

Lee, Jeong Woo (James).  “A Paradigm for the Exodus Conflict,”  Kerux
 12.1 (1997): 33-40.

Lemmelijn, B.  The Phrase  Mynbxbv Mycfbv in Exod 7, 19,”  Biblica 80
          (1999) 264-268.

Luginbill, Robert D.  “Exodus 14:  Hardening Pharaoh's Heart,” 

Luther, Martin.  “The First Commandment” Sermon. 

__________.  “The Second Commandment” Sermon: Project Wittenberg       http://www.iclnet.org/pub/resources/text/wittenberg/luther/catechism/web/cat-04.html

__________.  “The Third Commandment”  Sermon: Project Wittenberg

__________.  “The Fourth Commandment” Sermon: Project Wittenberg

__________.  “The Fifth through the Seventh Commandments,”  
         Sermon: Project Wittenberg

__________.  “The Eighth through the Tenth Commandments,”  Sermon:
         Project Wittenberg

__________.  “Conclusion of the Ten Commandments” 
        Sermon: Project Wittenberg

MacIntosh, Mike.  Messages for Exodus (Horizon Christian Fellowship,

          San Diego, CA)


Mattfeld, Walter R. W. “Dating the Pentateuch and the Book of Exodus via
        Archaeological Anomalies and Anachronisms,” 

________. “Exodus Memories of Southern Sinai (Linking the
          Archaeological Data to the Biblical Narratives),” 

 Mendelsohn, Bob.  “Hard Heartedness (Exodus 7:1-25),”  Sermon Jan. 3
          2004 at Beth Messiah, Sydney

Millard, Alan. “How Reliable is Exodus?”  Biblical Archaeology Review
        (July-August, 2000)

Miller, Kevin.  “How two Egyptologists are countering scholars who want to

          turn the Old Testament into myth,”  Christianity Today Preview



Missler, Chuck.  Exodus Audio Sermons (Koinonia House [K-House]

http://www.khouse.org/   or

Montgomery, Alan.  Part 1:  The Exodus, Joshua and Judges,”  (Kanata, ON,
          Canada). http://www.ldolphin.org/montgochron.html
      Net Bible:  Exodus Introductions http://www.bible.org/docs/ot/otbooks.htm

Olinger, Danny.  “Moses—in Egypt and Midian: Exodus 2:11-25,”
         Kerux 13 (1998): 1ff.

Orlov, Andrei.  “Ex 33 on God's Face:  A Lesson from the Enochic
         Tradition,”  Seminar Papers 39, Society of Biblical Literature Annual   
         Meeting 2000 (Atlanta, 2000) 130-47.

Perry, Steve.  The Dating of the Exodus.  at Biblical Studies.org.uk  

Rick, Tracey.  “Moses, Aaron, and Miriam—A Jewish Understanding,” 

_________.  “Pesach:  Passover,”  http://www.jewfaq.org/holidaya.htm
Reinhard, Kenneth and Julia Reinhard “Revelation:  Lacan and the Ten
          Commandments,”  Journal for Cultural and Religious Theory 2.1

Sermons:  Audio:  on Exodus


Sheres, Ita and Anne K. Blau.  “Miriam – From Prophet to Leper.”

Shupak, Nili.  “Hzq, Kbd, Qsh Leb, The Hardening of Pharaoh's Heart in 
         Exodus 4-15:21:  Seen Negatively in the Bible but Favorably in
         Egyptian Sources.


Silver, Morris.  “Ancient Economies II:  Technological Interpretation of the
         Parting of the Red Sea in Exodus,” 

Sinai and the Bible, 


Smith, Chuck.  Audio Sermons on Exodus.  (Calvary Chapel Costa MesaCA


Spiro, Ken, Rabbi.  “Archaeology and the Exodus,”


Spurgeon, Charles H. “The Exodus,”  Dec. 9, 1855


________. “Election No Discouragement to Seeking Souls,”  Exod 33:19
          Feb. 7, 1864. 

________. “A View of God's Glory,”  (Exod 33:18). Nov. 26, 1908.


________. “A Question for Communicants,”  (Exod. 12:26).  June 1, 1890.


________.  “Entangled in the Land” (Exod. 14:3) Sept. 21, 1890. 

________.  “The Mediator-the Interpreter,”  (Exod. 20:18-20) July 28, 1889.

________.  “Prosperity Under Persecution,”  (Exod 1:10-12)

________.  “The Blood,” (Exod 12:13) Dec. 12, 1858.

________.  “The War of Truth,” (Exod. 17:9) Jan. 11, 1857.

Steele, David.  “Moses Gets the Nod, Then Exits,”  Theology Today 41.3 
         (1984) 250-64. Poem

Van Kooten, Robert.  “The Song of Miriam,”  Kerux 16.3 (2001): 35-41.

Wesley, John.  Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible:  Exodus

Winslow, Karen S. “Ethnicity, Exogamy, and Zipporah,”  SBL Annual Meeting

            2001 – Women in the Biblical World (2001).