††††††††††††††††††††††††† Criswell Theological Review 4.1 (1989) 153-157.
Copyright © 1989 by The
†††† COMMENTING ON COMMENTARIES
†††††††††††††††††††††† ON 2 CORINTHIANS
††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† DAVID S. DOCKERY
††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Southern Baptist Theological Seminary
As we prepare to teach the 1990 Winter Bible study on 2 Corinthians,
there are several important works worth noting. After several years of
neglect by Pauline scholars, 2 Corinthians has now attracted the atten-
tion it deserves. With the forthcoming works by M. J. Harris in the
New International Greek New Testament Commentary, and M. E.
Thrall, in the new International Critical Commentary, the interest in
this epistle will certainly continue to grow. This important epistle has
numerous challenges for the interpreter. In many ways, it is simul-
taneously the most passionate and most difficult of the Pauline epistles.
Emphasis on ministry, suffering, weakness, and genuine maturity will
bring rewards for students, teachers, and hearers as well.
††††††††††† For the evangelical student, the small work by M. J. Harris in
vol. 10 of the Expositor's Bible Commentary (Zondervan, 1976), even
though limited by space, is excellent and deserves careful reading and
meditation. The top three full-leugth commentaries include C. K.
Barrett (Harper, 1974), V. P. Furnish in the Anchor Bible (Doubleday,
1984), and R. P. Martin in the Word Bible Commentary (Word, 1985).
Barrett's volume is outstanding, though his treatment of chaps. 10-13
will not satisfy everyone. Furnish has given us the most careful exe-
getical treatment and has not failed to tackle every major issue. If one
disagrees with Furnish, it will require competent exegesis and theolo-
gizing to counter his conclusions. Martin's work is a bibliographical
goldmine. It is worth consulting to trace out the important articles on
the "problem passages" in 2 Corinthians 3, 5, and 10-13. Yet Martin
evidences his growing tendency toward speculative interpretation, as
well as E. Kasemann's influence upon him.
154 ††† ††††††††††† CRISWELL THEOLOGICAL REVIEW
††††††††††† The second line of works on 2 Corinthians is headed by F. F.
Bruce in the New Century Bible (Eerdmans, 1971). It is a brief work
with great dependence on Barrett. P. Hughes, writing in the New
International Commentary, has produced a solid and reliable theo-
logical work well worth consulting. Four other important works that
need to be mentioned are: G. R. Beasley-Murray (Broadman, 1971);
R. V. G. Tasker (Tyndale New Testament Commentary, 1958);
C. Kruse (Eerdmans, 1987); P. Barnett, The Message of 2 Corinthians
††††††††††† Some older works are difficult to find, but are nevertheless very
useful. These include: H. A. W. Meyer (Bannerman, 1884); A. Plummer
(T. & T. Clark, 1915); C. Hodge (1857) and J. H. Bernard, in vol. 3 of
the Expositor's Greek Testament (1903). J. Denney's (1894) older and
out-of-print work is most reliable and helpful throughout.
††††††††††† While there are dozens of significant articles, in addition to the
fine contributions in this issue of CTR, there are also more general
works that are most informative for those who wish to focus on the
more challenging sections of this book. D. A. Carson's From Tri-
umphalism to Maturity (Baker, 1984) superbly handles chaps. 10-13.
this volume. D. A. Black's Paul: Apostle of Weakness (Lang, 1984)
makes an important contribution to the issues of weakness, suffering,
and glory in this epistle. H. D. Betz, 2 Corinthians 8 and 9: A Com-
mentary on Two Administrative Letters of the Apostle Paul (Fortress,
1985) adds insight to these two middle chapters. D. Georgi wrestles
with the numerous attempts to identify the opponents and their doc-
trine in The Opponents of Paul in Second Corinthians (Fortress,
1986). Sociological approaches that provide useful insight to the issues
surrounding the Corinthian community can be found in R. F. Hock,
The Social Context of Paul's Ministry: Tentmaking and Apostleship
(Fortress, 1980) and W.A. Meeks, The First Urban Christians (Yale,
1983). Two other volumes that should be consulted are K. F. Nickle's
The Collection: A Study in Paul's Strategy (Allenson, 1966) and D. W.
Oostendorp's Another Jesus: A Gospel of Jewish-Christian Superiority
in II Corinthians (Kamper, 1967). Though dated, W. Schmithals' Gnos-
the past two decades.
††††††††††† A recent work calling for a "hermeneutics of retrieval" that brings
out the theology of 2 Corinthians, as well as arguing for the integrity
of this complicated book, is Meaning and Truth in 2 Corinthians
(Eerdmans, 1987), by F. Young and D. Ford. I highly recommend this
study. Another important and extremely valuable recent work is
Marshall's Enmity in
††††††††††† Dockery: COMMENTING ON COMMENTARIES ††††††††††††155
with the Corinthians (Mohr, 1987). A. T. Robertson's The Glory of the
Ministry (Revell, 1911) is a classic.
††††††††††† While none of us will need to consult all of these works to
prepare to teach 2 Corinthians, these works hopefully will guide us as
we seek to minister the word of God in the churches in 1990. Second
Corinthians depicts a powerful debate between Paul and the tri-
umphalist opponents who had
recently come to
fascinating account of this emotional conflict, it is primarily a book
that communicates to Christ's church the message that God's power is
made known in human weakness.
††††††††††† A bibliography of the works mentioned in this brief article, in
addition to other works on 2 Corinthians, follows. Let us thank God
for the labors that have gone into these works and ask for divine
enablement in our study and exposition of this challenging epistle.
††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† Commentaries
Paul. The Message of 2
††††††††††† Varsity, 1988.
Barrett, C. K. A Commentary on the Second Epistle to the Corinthians.
Beasley-Murray, George R. "2 Corinthians." In the Broadman Bible Commen-
††††††††††† tary, vol. 11, ed. by C. J.
Bernard, J. H. "The Second Epistle to the Corinthians." In The Expositor's
††††††††††† Greek Testament, vol. 3, ed. by W. R. Nicoll. 1903 reprint.
††††††††††† Eerdmans, 1970.††††††
Bratcher, R. G. A Translator's Guide to Paulís Second Letter to the Corin-
F. F. 1 and 2 Corinthians. NCB.
Bultmann, R. The Second Letter to the Corinthians. Trans. by R. A.
Calvin, J. Commentary on the Epistles of Paul the Apostle to the Corinthians.
J. The Second Epistle
to the Corinthians.
Duduit, Michael. Joy
in Ministry: Messages from II. Corinthians.
††††††††††† Baker, 1989.
V. P. II Corinthians.
Goudge, H. L. The Second Epistle to the Corinthians.
R. P. C. The Second
Epistle to the Corinthians. Torch.
††††††††††† SCM, 1954.
Harris, M. J. "2 Corinthians." In The Expositor's Bible Commentary, vol. 10,
††††††††††† ed. by F.
156 ††††††††††††††† CRISWELL THEOLOGICAL REVIEW
Hering, Jean. The Second Epistle of
††††††††††† A. W. Heathcote and P. J. Allcock.
Hodge, C. A Commentary on the Second Epistle to the Corinthians
Hughes, P. E. Paul's Second Epistle to the Corinthians. NICT; Grand
††††††††††† Eerdmans, 1962.
Kruse, C. G. The Second Epistle of Paul to the Corinthians. Grand
††††††††††† Eerdmans, 1987.
Lenski, R. C. H. The
††††††††††† the Corinthians.
R. P. 2 Corinthians. WBC.
Meyer, H. A. W. Critical and Exegetical Handbook to the Epistles to the
Moule, H. C. G.
The Second Epistle to the Corinthians.
††††††††††† and Inglis, 1962.
Plummer, A. A. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Second Epistle
Second Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Corinthians.
Strachan, R. H. The Second Epistle of Paul to the Corinthians. Moffatt; New
Tasker, R. V. G. The Second Epistle of Paul to the Corinthians. Tyndale.
††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† General Works
Baird, W. "Visions, Revelations, and Ministry: Reflections on 2 Corinthians
††††††††††† 12:1-5 and Galatians 1:11-17." JBL 104 (1985) 651-62.
C. K. The Signs of an Apostle.
________."Paul's Opponents in II Corinthians." NTS 17 (1971) 233-54.
††††††††††† SJT 14 (1961) 60-76.
Betz, H. D. 2 Corinthians 8 and 9: A Commentary on Two Administrative
††††††††††† Letters of the Apostle Paul. Ed. by G. W. MacRae.
D. A. Paul: Apostle of Weakness.
Bornkamm, G. "The History of the Origin of the So-Called Second Letter to
††††††††††† the Corinthians." NTS 8 (1961) 258-64.
D. A. From Triumphalism to Maturity.
Dunn, J. D. G. "2 Corinthians III. 17 -'The Lord is the Spirit.'" JTS 21 (1970)
Fee, G. D. "2 Corinthians 6:14-7:1 and Food Offered to Idols." NTS 23 (1977)
Forbes, C. "Comparison, Self-Praise and Irony: Paul's Boasting and the Con-
††††††††††† ventions of Hellenistic Rhetoric.." NTS 32 (1986) 1-30.
††††††††††† of 2 Corinthians 2:14-3:18
Dockery: COMMENTING ON COMMENTARIES 157
Georgi, D. The Opponents of Paul in Second Corinthians.
††††††††††† Fortress, 1986.
Harris, M. J. "Paul's View of Death in 2 Corinthians 5:1-10." In New Dimen-
††††††††††† sions in New Testament Study, ed. by R. N. Longenecker and M. C.
Hock, R. F. The Social Context of Paulís Ministry: Tentmaking and Apostle-
J. H. The Second and
Third Epistles of
Lincoln, A. T. Paradise Now and Not Yet: Studies in the Role of the Heavenly
††††††††††† Dimension in Paulís Thought with Special Reference to His Eschatology.
††††††††††† SNTSMS 43.
_________."'Paul the Visionary': The Setting and Significance of the Rapture to
P. Enmity in
††††††††††† the Corinthians.
Martin, R. P. "The Setting of 2 Corinthians." TB 37 (1986) 3-19.
W. A. The First Urban
Moule, C. F. D. "
††††††††††† NTS 12 (1966) 100-23.
Nickle, K. F. The
Collection: A Study in Paulís Strategy.
Oostendorp, D. W. Another Jesus: A Gospel of Jewish-Christian Superiority
††††††††††† in II Corinthians.
Proudfoot, C. M. "Imitation of Realistic Participation? A Study of Paul's
††††††††††† Concept of 'Suffering with Christ'" Int 17 (1963) 140-00.
A. T. The Glory of the
Schmithals, W. Gnosticism in
††††††††††† Abingdon, 1971.
Spencer,. A. B. "The Wise Fool (And the Foolish Wise): A Study of Irony in
††††††††††† Paul." NovT 4 (1981) 349-60.
Stephenson, A. M. G. "A Defense of the Integrity of 2 Corinthians" in The
††††††††††† Authority and Integrity of the New
J. D. Things Unutterable: Paulís Ascent
††††††††††† Roman, Judaic, and Early Christian
††††††††††† Press of
Theissen, G. The
Social Setting of Pauline Christianity: Essays on
††††††††††† Trans. by J. H. Schutz.
Thrall, M. E. "Super Apostles, Servants of Christ, and Servants of Satan."
††††††††††† JSNT 6 (1980) 42-57.
Watson, F. "2 Corinthians X-XIII and Paul's Painful Visit to the Corinthians."
††††††††††† JTS 35 (1984) 324-46.
Young, B. H. "The Ascension Motif of 2 Corinthians 12 in Jewish, Christians,
††††††††††† and Gnostic Texts." GTJ 9 (1988) 73-103.
Young, F. and D. Ford. Meaning and Truth in 2 Corinthians.
††††††††††† Eerdmans, 1987.
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