Language: gematria 14= DVD (Mt. 1), Eloi, behold (60x)
Use of OT: prophecy/fulfillment: virgin birth, Bethlehem, Egypt
Law: Mat 5:17 not destroy law/fulfill it, temptation of X
Exclusive Jewish Mission—sends 12, Canaanite woman
Jewish customs not explained
Mt 15:2; cf. Mk 7:3,
DSS aware? Mt 5:43 not = OT; = Manual of Discipline
Knowledge of Sadducees—whose wife will she be
Kingdom of heaven, contra kingdom of God Mt 3:11//Mk 4:11
“Israel” 6 times unique to Mat.; only Mt = temple tax (Mt 17)
Jewish rumor—Mat. 28:11ff—sect of Judaism, atheism, cannibals, incest
Sorcerer accusation—Mat. 12:24=rabbinic writings
Matthew’s Story: Extensive
Foreigners in Christ’s genealogy:
Tamar, Rahab, Uriah’s wife, Ruth, --wisemen
Why? Fulfillment of Abrahamic covenant
Universal mission: Mt. 28:19f
Rejection of Israel:
Centurion’s servant: Mat 8:12ff Jesus amazed
Woe to Chorazin: Mat. 11:20f
Wicked Tenants: Mat 21:43—on hyperbole
Sit on 12 thrones judging Israel: two communities continuity (Mat. 19:28)
Witness: Magi, sends 12,
Lament for Jerusalem Mat 23:37f
Spread of the gospel before the end (Mat. 24:14) – completion of Abrahamic covenant
Great Commission: Mat. 28:19f: Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them
Fondness for repetition
Truly I say to you (formulas),
You have heard it said, but I say…
Blessed are the …
Parallelism: heaven/earth; law/prophets, scribes/Pharisees
5 Discourses—Sermon Mount, Olivet Disc.
OT quotes – 40x
Kingdom of Heaven
All—hyperbole 3:5 (all not always = all);
e.g. gouge out eye (5:29f);
anger=murder; Jesus angry (Mk 3:5);
fool (Mat 5:22); not = Mt 23:17; Gal 3:1
Don’t vow 5:33ff; Eccles 5; Nazirite vow?
Turn the other cheek (Mt 5:39) abusive husband, child slaps parent…
3. Question—On Judging
What does Mt. 7:1 “Do not judge, or you too will be judged” mean?
Doesn’t Jesus call us to make a judgment in 7:6: don’t cast your pearls to the pigs?
Doesn’t 7:15 warning against false prophets call us to make evaluations?
Isn’t the point in 7:1-5 hypocrisy not an absolute rejection of any kind of judgment
Mat. 18:17: church discipline
1 Cor. 5:1-12 Paul tells them they must judge this guy who is a sinner inside the church.
1 Cor. 5:9f: I have written you in my letter not to associate with sexually immoral people …who are in the church…
Rom. 12:9: Hate what is evil, cling to what is good