Initial Kingdom concepts

Complex concept: not singular

Past: Ex. 19:6 kingdom of priests

Present: Lk. 17:21 kingdom in your midst

Future: reign of Christ: lion/lamb Isa. 11:6

Already but Not Yet (Ladd/Mathewson)

Here: Isa. 2:2-4; 9:6-7; 11:6-9

There: my kingdom not of this world Jn 18:36

Matthew’s Story:  Take on Time

How does Matthew use time? Use of OT quotes 40x.

In what sense is the OT “fulfilled”?

Mt 1:23    virgin birth               Isa 7:14

Mt 2:6      Bethlehem               Mic 5:2

Mt 2:15    Egypt flight              Hos 11:1(?)

Mt 2:18    Rachel weeping      Gn 35:19, Jer 31:15

Mt. 27:8ff Judas’ wages           Zech 11:12f

Mt 27:8f    Purchase of field    Jer. 32:6-9

Mt. 27:35  Soldiers cast lots    Ps. 22:18

Eloi, Eloi lama – Ps. 22 (Mat 27:46)

Significance:  Church and Israel connection

Matthew’s Story Present:  5 Discourses [New Moses]

Mt 5-7 Sermon on the Mount

Mt 10 Commissioning of 12

Mt 13 Parables of the Kingdom

Mt 18 on humility and forgiveness

Mt 23, 24-25 Pharisees, Olivet Discourse

Matthew’s Story Future:

Parables of the kingdom –how it will grow

Wicked tenants--killing the son stealing inheritance—conflict (Mat 21) 

Church:  only Gospel to use ekklesia Mt 16:18; 18:17

10 bridesmaids—when the bridegroom comes—be ready; sheep/goats judgment

Matthew’s Future: Olivet Discourse

Not one stone will be left on another 24:2 –critics
    vaticinium post eventu, date late after 70 AD

For false Christs and false prophets will appear and perform great signs and miracles to deceive even the elect…24:24

Then you will be handed over to be persecuted and put to death…24:9

And this gospel of the kingdom will be preached in all the whole world…then the end will come.  When you see the abomination of desolation 24:14—Antiochus Ephiphanes

No one knows the day or hour not even the Son 24:36

Two in field one taken the other left behind 24:40

Problem: This generation will not pass (Mt. 24:34)  ??