Matthew’s Gospel:  Christ is the King, son of David

Matthew’s Story: Matthew Acrostic

M ethodical: Intertextual cf. Mk/Lk/James

A postling (Discipleship)

T heology of Christ & kingdom

T ime: past/present/future kingdom

H ebrew orientation

E xtensive (non-Jewish aspect)

W itness

S tyle

Matthew’s story unique features:

How does Matthew differ from Mark?

How does Matthew differ from Luke?

Point is: unique material indicates his take on Jesus

Methodical Matthew and Mark

Develops brief statements of Mark

Temptation Mk 1:12-13 –-> Mat 4:1-11

Why would Matthew develop it? Jesus=new Israel

Preaching of the kingdom: Mk 1:14f but
  Matt. develops it in SoM for 3 chapters;

Jesus = new Moses

Why would Matthew do more with Jesus’ words and Mark with Jesus works?

Audience: Mark Roman, Matthew Jewish

Jesus as the New Moses:  5 Teaching Discourses

                “When Jesus finished”  (7:28; 11:1; 13:53; 19:1; 26:1)





Condenses Mark’s Miracles

                Gerasene demoniac—Mat 8/Mk 5
                     326 words in Mark, --1 demoniac
                    134 in Mat. –2 demoniacs

Jesus Walking on water:
                    Mk 6:45-52; 139 words,
                    Mat. 14:22ff 101 adds Peter walking on
                     water and instructional lesson for Peter— falls in; little faith

Methodical:  compare Mat/Luke

Mat. gathers what Luke scatters (SoM)

Mt 5:13  Salt of world         Lk 14:34

Mt 5:15  Candle covered    Lk 8:16

Mt 6:22  light body is eye   Lk 11:34

Mt. 7:7   ask –receive         Lk 11:9

What does that say about the narrative and chronology?

Mat. Topical – Luke more chronological

Matthew compared with James

James 1:12 Blessed is a man who perseveres under trial
Mat 5:10f. Blessed are those who have been persecuted for the sake of righteousness

James 1:23:  For if anyone is a hearer of the word and not a doer, he is like a man who looks at his natural face in the mirror..
Mat. 7:26 Everyone who hears these words of mine and does not act on them, will be like a foolish man who built his house on sand.

James 5:12 But above all, my brethren, do not swear, either by heaven or by earth or with any other oath; but your yes is to be yes, and your no, no, so that you may not fall under judgment
Mat 5:34ff:  But I say to you, make no oath at all….but let your statement be “Yes, yes” or “No, no”;

Matthew’s story: Apostling

Apostling (sent one):  Discipleship theme

How does one begin to be an disciple of Jesus?

Peter the consummate disciple:

Why so many unique stories of Peter:

Walking on water—little faith 14:28ff

Peter-Rock—representative disciple,

Get behind me Satan—16:21

Temple tax– 17:24ff

3x Denial –26:69ff

What are the key qualities of a true disciple of Christ?

True/false disciples

Peter as Consummate Disciple

The Call/Vocation

Rabbi’s: students sought teachers out,
       not = Jesus, he goes to them

Ordinary people in the midst of life Mat 4:18f casting nets, not super-stars, leave fishing and follow Jesus—contrast Rich Young Ruler – Matt. 19 // Mk 10:21
Mat 6:24—God and money; Matt. Called 9:9 tax-collector

Apostling: Obedience

Obedience:  Chs. 1-2, 28 –Importance

Who is the focus in ch. 1? Joseph or Mary? –Joseph instructed à obedient 1:24

Magi—why the magi? not elsewhere (Gentiles; Abrahamic covenant fulfilled; Gen. 12)

Joseph—going to Egypt instructions—Jesus=new Israel --

Herod?– fulfills Scripture (even he)—2:16ff

Great commission: inclusio-Nations (Gen. 12)

Student like teacher: Mt 10:24f imitatio

                Mat 23:3-5 obey what they say, do not do what they do

Brotherhood not hierarchy (Mat 23:8f)— all brothers, humility not= power, etc, flat organizational structure, not hierarchy, servant leadership –upside down kingdom--WUD

What separated the wise and foolish man (house on rock/sand) Mat 7:24fà

Who are my family à disciples? Mat 12:49—

How does “righteousness” play into discipleship (two big convergent themes in Matthew)?
                How do we prove that? 3 following examples

Question:  What is the difference between these next two verses?—Lk. 12:31 and Mat. 6:33à

1) Luke 12:31:  But seek his kingdom, and these things will be added to you as well.

                Compare Mat 6:33:  But seek first his kingdom and his righteousness and all these things  
                                will be given to you as well.

                Note the linking of righteousness and the kingdom

2) Luke 6:22:  Blessed are you when men hate you, when they exclude you and insult you
                …because of the Son of Man

                Compare Mat 5:10:  Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness.

3) Luke 6:21 Blessed are you who hunger now, for you will be satisfied

                Compare Mat 5:6:  Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they
                                will be filled.

How do you account for the differences?

Better righteousness à head to

Mat 5:27f:  adultery à

Mat 5:21f:  murder à

Mat 12:36  accountable at judgment for every word

                Better righteousness: mouthà
                                do what they say not as they do (Mat 23:3ff)

Core righteousness:        love God / love neighbor