NEW TESTAMENT

HISTORY & LITERATURE

 

Dr. Ted Hildebrandt                                                               ted.hildebrandt@gordon.edu

BCM 103                                                                                Office:  MacD 111

Tel:  Ext.  4412                                                                      Spring, 2020

Office hours:   Usually in 8:00-10:00 MWF
                        Usually in 8:00-12:00 TR

 

1. COURSE DESCRIPTION: This course will introduce the student to the New Testament by examining each book as to its content, major questions and themes.  An introduction will be given summarizing the historical and cultural developments that took place between the testaments.  This will provide a necessary background for understanding the cultural milieu of the various audiences reflected in the New Testament.  The life of Christ as portrayed by the various gospel writers will be developed in detail.  The spread of the gospel via the ministries of the apostles will be examined, with emphasis on the work of Peter and Paul in the book of Acts and selected epistles.  The course will conclude by developing the themes and structure of the book of Revelation.

 

2. OBJECTIVES:

 

            1)         You will know what happened between the testaments and understand

                        how those cultural developments impacted the New Testament. 

            2)         You will be able to demonstrate knowledge of the chapter content of a

                        large portion of the NT (Matthew, and perhaps Acts and Revelation).

            3)         You will understand the nexus between the book of Acts and the epistles

                        of Paul.

            4)         You will gain a factual knowledge of the major events of Christ's life and

                        the core elements of his teachings.

            5)         You will be able to communicate an appreciation for the NT and its

                        relevance to spiritual formation, development of a personal values system

                        and worldview.  Did Jesus come to promote a worldview?

            6)         You will delight in exploring the life of Christ and the relevance of His

                        teachings to the existential issues which are faced by all humankind.

            7)         You will be able to describe the flow of thought and major

themes of most of the NT.

            8)         You will be able to rehearse a detailed knowledge of the life

and message of Jesus Christ.

            9)         You will be able to quote many key passages of the NT by memory.

10)       You will understand the development and struggles of the early church.
3. TENTATIVE CALENDAR:

 

     Week 1:        Background:  Babylonian, Persian, Greek, the synagogue,

Samaritans

     Week 2:        Background:  Hasmoneans, Romans, sects

     Week 3:        Matthew

     Week 4:        Matthew

     Week 5:        Mark, Luke

     Week 6         Synoptics; Background and Synoptic

Exam

     Week 7:        John

     Week 8:        Acts

     Week 9:        Acts

     Week 10:      Romans

     Week 11:      Corinthians;  

Exam: Acts, Romans, Cor

     Week 12:       Pauline Epistles

     Week 13:       Non-Pauline Epistles

     Week 14:       Hebrews

     Week 15:       Revelation;   Exam:  Epistles,

Revelation

 

4.  Tentative Evaluation Percentages:  generally I begin my curve with the
            following and then curve from there.

            100-92 [A/A-]

            91-80   [B+-B-]

            79-70   [C+-C-]

            69-65   [D]

            65-0     [F]

 

Quizzes                                              30% [Generally quizzes every Friday]

            3 Exams                                             70%



5.  Extra Credit may be received (up to 5 points) by: 

        Extra credit projects may be earned: (up to 5%) email or talk with me to
                        set this up.
 [Due by May 1].  The filling of all requests for such extra
                        credit will cease on Monday April 27.  If you want to do EC please
                        contact me either by email or at the end of a class so we can set this
                        up.

 

             1)       This semester we will be working on finishing the time stamping the
                        biblicalelearning.org lectures on NT books.  What this amounts to is
                        transcribing those lectures (3 lectures = 5% [usually takes 5-7
                        hours].  There are also full lectures on Apocrypha and Cultural
                        Background to the NT by David de Silva. (5%).  I’m also trying
                        to add closed captioning to the video lectures which is another
                        EC option if you are familiar with Adobe Premiere Pro.
                        Talk to me as I’ll need to set it up online for you. These will need to be

                        word perfect and sign at the end affirming that

 
                        Once the transcription process is completed we can work on
                        putting section titles and timings (10-18 per lecture) for the various
                        lectures online (talk to the prof. about which ones need doing).

                        If you are into graphic design and would like to do something along

            the lines of crafting a parable visually, etc. (reformatting our website to
            make it look more visually and useable) please talk to me early in the
            semester. 

            If you’re a Computer Sci. person moving DASV over from Gordon’s   
            faculty web site to biblicalelearning.org.  There is also VR projects for
            graphic design and videographers on sites in Israel to work on..   
           

            Another path would be to develop your own fill-in-the-blank
            questions
 for Matthew and/or Mark.  Or if you are a programmer
            in Javascript to help modify the present quizzer to include fill-ins.
            Talk to me if you’d like to pursue this option.

            If you speak a foreign language fluently (Chinese, Portuguese,
            Spanish, Korean, Japanese
) you could work on translation projects
            translating the class PowerPoints or some of the transcriptions.

            If you get in trouble grade-wise in this course use extra to
            bail yourself out.
  If you’re willing to work you can get the grade.

 

                        Extra credit is due by mid-night Friday May 1—plan ahead –
                                    late work on this will not be accepted. Hard deadline. No
                                    EC requests will be accepted after
                                    Monday April 27.  No honors requests will be accepted
                                    after April 14.  

 

 

6Honors option:  If a student receives over a 94 on the first exam and has

            maintained a 90 or better quiz average, s/he may request the honors option. 

            The student will work on a project with the prof. related to the OT Web site,

            fitted to their interests, skills and possible options.  Often 6 lectures are
            outlined and time stamped. This project will
            replace the final exam hereby easing your finals week preparations. You final
            exam score will be an average of your first and second exam.  Talk to me if
            you’d like to do this option after you’ve taken the first exam. We also may
            be developing a series of fill-in the blank question sets for Matt. – Acts. As
            another option.  This option must be requested no later than one week
            following the second exam.

                         

Required texts: 

            All your reading materials will be available on Blackboard and/or my web
            site.  The fee for the use of these materials is $20 which saves you at least $50
            from having to purchase a textbooks etc. These articles are available in print and
            audio formats and a DASV translation/audio of the entire NT is also available.
            Get Lost in Jerusalem online will be used at various times in the course and will

            be available in various computer labs on campus as well as online. 

 

All students taking the course are required to purchase these online course materials for $20 cash.  Please pay for them during the first week or so.  If payment is received after Friday January 31 the price goes up to $40 and no quizzes or exams will be accepted or make-ups allowed after Friday Jan. 31 is passed if payment has not been received.  In short, get your $20 in before Jan. 31 as I don’t want to have to chase you down especially when I’m trying to save each of you well over $50 per student [compare how much it is for textbooks in your other classes]. 

 

I do not make anything personally from this as the funds are used to develop the more supplemental materials for the NT course.

 

Basically everything you need is on the web site.  Blackboard will only be used for the gradebook

 

The web site is:  http://faculty.gordon.edu/hu/bi/ted_hildebrandt/index.cfm then go to BCM 103 NT Lit and everything will be developing there over the semester. It probably would be good to bookmark it. The other way to get there is to simply Google “Ted Hildebrandt” and look for Gordon College usually at the top of the search list of links.  The weekly assignments are listed there. The online “syllabus” takes precedence over this printed syllabus as we make our way the course this semester.  In short, the printed syllabus which is found both on Blackboard and on the web site may become obsolete so keep

your eyes on the web site version of it on a weekly basis.

 

Gordon workload statement:  For each semester hour of credit, students should expect to spend a minimum of 2-3 hours per week outside of class in engaged academic time. This time includes reading, writing, studying, completing assignments, lab work, or group projects, among other activities. 

 

 

Cheating Policy:   Cheating in any form will result in an automatic failure of that quiz or
                        exam or possibly the entire course. This is a Bible class, cheating is taken
                        very seriously as a violation of the whole course and the integrity this
                        course is trying to teach.

Gordon’s Academic Dishonesty Statement (Plagiarism Policy):
            “Academic dishonesty is regarded as a major violation of both the
            academic and spiritual principles of this community and may result
            in a failing grade or suspension. Academic dishonesty includes
            plagiarism, (see Plagiarism in Student Handbook), cheating
            (whether in or out of the classroom), and abuse or misuse of library
            materials when such abuse or misuse can be related to course
            requirements.”   

 

Students with Disabilities:  Course Accommodation
                       
Gordon College is committed to assisting students with documented

                        disabilities (See Academic Catalog Appendix C for documentation

                        guidelines). A student with a disability who may need academic

                        accommodations should follow this procedure:
 
                        1.     Meet with a staff person from the Academic Support Center

                                    (Jenks 412, X4746) to:
                        a)     make sure documentation of your disability is on file in the

                                    ASC,
                        b)    discuss the accommodations for which you are eligible,
                        c)     discuss the procedures for obtaining the accommodations, and
                        d)    obtain a Faculty Notification Form.
 
                        2.     Deliver a Faculty Notification Form to each course professor

                        within the first full week of the semester; at that time make an          appointment to discuss your needs with each professor.
 
                        Failure to register in time with your professor may compromise our

                        ability to provide the accommodations. Questions or disputes about           

                        accommodations should be immediately referred to the Academic  

 

                        Support Center. See Grievance Procedures available from the

                                    ASC.

 

            A.        Quizzes:  The quizzes focus on the actual content of the Bible
                        reading, memory verses and supplemental reading (exams will be
                        over the lectures—Use the NT Lit Bible Quizzer as much of the
                        quiz will be pulled from the questions found in that quizzer).  All
                        quizzes should be taken on time.  The same questions can also be
                        found on quizlet.com.  Many students like that format better.

                        Missed quizzes will be assessed as to whether they are excused or
                        unexcused. Unexcused absences will result in an automatic
                        deduction of 20% for that quiz.  Both excused and unexcused
                        absences must be made up within one week from when the quiz was
                        originally given.  If a student gets to class late after the quiz has
                        begun, the quiz must be made up within the next week as either
                        excused or unexcused.  You are not allowed to use electronic
                        devices of any sort for the quizzes. Open head closed phone, pod,
                        pad, tablet, or laptop etc.   

 

C.        EXAMSAll exams must be taken on time.  They will be over the lecture material.  Exams are not like quizzes. The exams will be built
off the questions in the interactive video/quiz combos.  I am also trying to load these questions on “Quizlet.com” which will offer
an alternative way of learning them.

 
            For exams no electronic devices will be permitted in the room
            so leave your cell phones, ipads, iphones whatever at home for
            the time of the exam.    
 


 

5.  Integrity and Classroom Etiquette

 

            This is a large class and because of abuses in the past I am declaring this a
                  digitally free zone (no computers, pads, or phones). If you must have
                 use of these devices for academic purposes the front two rows will be
                 reserved for those special exceptions. 
           This is a class in biblical studies.  Integrity is at the heart of what is being

learned.  Thus any cheating or plagiarism will result in an automatic failure of the whole course.  If you are unclear what falls into the category of plagiarism check in the Student Handbook pp 8f.  Gaming, surfing, texting, email reading/sending, tweeting, IM, YouTube, Facebook, etc. in the classroom are rude and unacceptable.  Be wise.  Here are a few comments on classroom etiquette.  Class times are learning times for discussion, taking notes and interacting. The following activities are inappropriate inside the classroom context:  talking to others outside of the class discussion flow, whispering, sleeping, hand-holding, touching and massaging another, un-civil comments or behaviors not conducive to the learning environment.  Basically anything that is disruptive to the classroom instructional environment is not kosher. Students engaged in these activities will be asked to leave the classroom and must talk to the professor in person before being readmitted.

 

6. RESOURCES BIBLIOGRAPHY:

            General Introductions:

            Achtemeier, Paul, Joel Green, and Marianne Thompson.  Introducing

the New Testament:  Its Literature and Theology.  Grand

Rapids:  Eerdmans, 2001.

            Blaiklock. E. M. Cities of the New Testament.  London:  Pickering and

Inglis, 1965.

            Brown, Raymond.  An Introduction to the New Testament. New

York:  Doubleday,  1997.

            DeSilva, David. An Introduction to the New Testament:  Contexts, Methods &
                        Ministry Formation
(InterVarsity Press, 2004).

            Ferguson, Everett.  Backgrounds of Early Christianity.  Grand Rapids: 

Eerdmans, 1993.

            Guthrie, D. New Testament Introduction. Downers Grove, IL: 

InterVarsity Press, 1971.

            Pfeiffer, C.F. Between the Testaments.  Grand Rapids:  Baker Book

House, 1972.
Powell, Mark A. Introducing the New Testament:  A Historical, Literary,
            and Theological Survey
(Baker Book House, 2009).

            Stein, Robert.  Jesus the Messiah:  A Survey of the Life of Christ.

Downers Grove, IL:  InterVarsity Press, 1996.

            Yamauchi, E. Archaeology of the New Testament Cities in Western

Asia Minor.  Grand Rapids:  Baker Book House, 1980.

 

           

                        NTS TENTATIVE ASSIGNMENT SHEET (vid. Online schedule)


NOTE:  Depending how the semester goes, oral instructions given in

class may over-ride this projected written schedule.  The syllabus and

updated assignment schedule will also be posted online.
           
http://faculty.gordon.edu/hu/bi/ted_hildebrandt/index.cfm
                        or just Google: “Ted Hildebrandt” look for the Gordon College site

            and then bookmark it.

 

Final Exam

Class lectures/discussions since the last exam and the memory verses

and perhaps Picture Scripture since the last exam (Friday May 8 12:00-2:00).

The final exam schedule is set in stone and not flexible by the registrar and is set
            in stone make your flight plans accordingly. 


FAMILY TREE FROM MATTAHIAS TO HEROD AGRIPPA

                                                       (cp. Gromacki p. 16 and Scroggie p. 29)

 

                                                             MATTATHIAS 167 BC

 

 

 


         Johanan           Simon                   Judas                          Eleazar                 Jonathan

         died in           murdered               died in                         died in                 murdered

          battle              134 BC                 battle                            battle                    142 BC

                                                              161 BC                       161 BC                Diplomat

                         Hasmonean Line     Maccabee:hammer

                           HYRCANUS I  

           

                       Alexander Jannaeus

 

 

 

 


        Hyrcanus II                                                               Aristobulus II

       executed 30 BC                                                        poisoned 49 BC

 

 


Alexandra  - - - married - Alexander                                  Antipater

executed                    beheaded           

 

 


               Mariamne - - married to/killed by - Herod the  Great     [Jesus]

 

 

 

 


Herod Philip 4BC-34AD          Herod Antipas                    Aristobulus               Archaelaus             

Mk 6:17                                    4 BC-39 AD                                                         4 BC-6AD              

first husb-                                      Galilee &                                    Judea &                                       

and of                                               Perea,                                        Samaria                                      

Herodias                                                                                             Iturea

                                                                                                            & Trac

 


     Herodias                                                                                Herod Agrippa I   [John Bapt. Killed by]

     Mk 6:17                                                                                     AD 37-44

Forsook Herod                                                                                Acts 12:1

Philip for                                                                                                     

Herod Antipas                                                                                                     

 (Jn Bapt killed)                  

  

   Salome

By Philip                                                                                                           Paul’s trials

           

    

 

                                                      Bernice                            Herod Agrippa II                                 Drusilla

                                                     Acts 25:13                                AD 48-70                                    Acts 24:24

                                                                                                        Acts 25:13          


 

          Keeping the characters of 1 Maccabees straight

 

                            Philip of Macedon (Alexander the Great’s father; Alexander studied under Aristotle)

 

Persians            ß--à Alexander the Great [Greek, ca. 333 BC]—defeated the Persians [=Iran]

[Darius]

                                    Alexander dies:            1) Ptolemy takes over Egypt

                                                                                2) Antiochus Ephiphanes over Syria

                                                                                (ca. 168 BC)—Israel between these 2

 

                The book of Maccabees records the wars between the Syrians under Antiochus

                                and the five sons of the old priest Matthias (Maccabee) from Modin (ca.

                                168 BC). 

 

Antiochus IV called Epiphanes  (tyrant, desecrates temple, persecutor of Jews)

                                —King of Syria

                His Generals:       Apollonius (minor)

                                                Scron (minor)

                                                *Lysias [main general] who battles with Judas Mac. while

                                                                                Antiochus is off to battle in Mesopotamia

 

                                Under Lysias are:   Ptolemy, Nicanor, and Gorgias (his aids)

                                                Lysias fights Judas Maccabeus for Jerusalem and Bethzur

                                                                (elephant battle); Judas defeats Gorgias and then Lysias

                                                                Judas then rededicates the temple (=Hanukkah)

 

                Antiochus Epiphanes dies:

 

                Antiochus Eupater + Lysias make peace with Judas fearing instability back

                                in Antioch where Philip and Demetrius oppose and kill them (Lysias &

                                                Antiochus Eupater).  Demetrius becomes King of Syria.

                                Demetrius puts the corrupt Jewish priest Alcimus in the High priesthood

                                                Bacchides is Demetrius’ general who fights the Jews

                                                Nicanor [diplomat/general] tricks Judas Mac. but is defeated.

                                                Bacchides is sent again and Judas is finally killed.

                                                Alcimus is killed and Bacchides makes peace with Jonathan Mac.

                                                                who is sworn in as High priest)

 

                Demetrius II takes over the Syrian throne in opposition to Alexander

                                                Balas.  Apollonius fights for Demetrius II and Jonathan Mac.

                                                defeats him.

                                Demetrius II and Ptolemy VI (Egypt) make an alliance.

                                The Maccabees will go to Rome for a treaty to stop the Syrian aggression.

                                Later Ptolemy of Egypt will go up and fight against Syrians (Alexander)

                                Tryphon, pirate type, supports Alexander Balas’ son Antiochus as ruler of

                                                Syria, Tryphon fights and murders Jonathan

 

                Simon is the only Mac. left.  Demetrius II recognizes Simon’s priesthood; under

                                Simon becomes hereditary called the Hasmonaean dynasty.

                                Simon is later murdered and John Hyrcanus his son takes over