Grace Theological Journal 2.1 (1981) 75-114.

[Copyright © 1981 Grace Theological Seminary; cited with permission;

digitally prepared for use at Gordon College]




                   WHAT DO THEY MEAN?


                                                 JAMES L. BOYER



            This inductive study of the approximately 300 NT instances of

the first class condition (ei] + indicative) disputes the common under-

standing that this construction should be interpreted as obviously

true and translated as "since." It is found that this is the case only

37% of the time. Surprisingly, in 51% of the occurrences the condition

is undetermined. Four proposed explanations of this construction are

examined and found to be inadequate. It is then argued that the correct

explanation of the first class condition is a simple logical connection

between protasis and apodosis.

                                                *    *    *


THE meaning of words is properly determined by a study of the ways

they are used in their many contexts, not by theoretical rationaliza-

tions on root meanings and etymologies. In just the same way the

significance of a group of words in grammatical construction is

determined by careful study of the same construction in actually

occurring contexts, not by rationalizing about voice, mood, and the

technical terminology employed by grammarians to identify them.

            A commonly occurring example of the neglect of this axiom is

the manner in which the construction frequently called "First Class

Condition" is handled in much exegetical literature. Reasoning from

the use of ei] instead of e]a<n and the use of the indicative mood, the

mood of reality and actuality, the conclusion is drawn that the first

class conditional sentence is not really a condition at all, but it

implies that the condition is actually true and could well be translated

"since."l Is this true?

            To gather the information for this kind of biblical study, it was

necessary to locate all examples of this grammatical construction


            1 Nigel Turner, A Grammar of New Testament Greek. Vol. 3: Syntax (Edinburgh:

T. & T. Clark, 1963) 115. F. Blass, and A. Debrunner, A Greek Grammar of the New

Testament and Other Early Christian Literature, trans. and rev. by Robert Funk

(Chicago: University of Chicago, 1961) 188-90.


76                    GRACE THEOLOGICAL JOURNAL



occurring in the NT. By using the GRAMCORD tool,2 a print-out was

produced of all places where the conjunction ei] is followed by an

indicative verb. Next, the list was edited manually to remove non-

applicable situations3 and to supplement the list by inserting those

first class conditions not caught by the program.4 The result was a list

of about 300 instances5 in the NT where first class conditions occur.

The procedure in case of uncertain instances was to include both,

noting, of course, the problem.

Having in this list the materials for study, a detailed analysis was

made of all kinds of information about the construction, such as

sentence connectives used, the negative particle (where it occurred),

the tense and mood of the verb(s) in both the protasis and apodosis,

the "time reference" involved, the form of the apodosis (admonition,

promise, rhetorical question, declarative statement, etc.). Since many

of these are not closely involved in the interpretive problem under

consideration in this article, they will not be tabulated here.

The consideration primarily involved in this study is the "relation

to reality" expressed in the ei]-plus-indicative protasis. This was

carefully appraised, listed, and tabulated, with the following results:


            1. Instances where the condition was obviously true.        115     37%

II. Instances where the condition was obviously false.      36        12%

III. Instances where the condition was undetermined:       155     51% ,

1. Uncertain by reason of futurity.              5          2%

2. Uncertain by reason of providence, "the course

     of events.                                                               24        8%

3. Uncertain by reason of man's spiritual

     condition.                                                              38        12%

4. Uncertain by reason of man's actions or

     choices.                                                                 72        24%

5. Uncertain by reason of man's ignorance or

     doubt.                                                                     16        5%

The implications of this information are the materials for the rest of

the discusslon.


2 For information, see my article "Project Gramcord: A Report," GTJ 1(1980) 97-99,

3 Ei] + indicative, of course, also includes all second class conditions (contrary to

fact) and a few examples where ei] mh< = "except," These I propose to deal with in a later


4 For example, cases where the verb of the protasis was left to be understood in the

text but easily supplied from the context,

5 The number is not definite, since some are mixed (part first class and part second

class); some are incomplete (where the protasis or apodosis is left unexpressed); and

BOYER: FIRST CLASS CONDITIONS                              77



It seems obvious why "relation to reality" is the crucial consider-

ation, and it quickly appears that this term is understood very

differently by different scholars. If it is understood to apply to the

actual truth of the condition--its correspondence to the real world

"out there"--then the three general categories (I, II, III) are sufficient

to settle the controversy immediately and completely, Such an under-

standing is impossible. If the first class condition states or implies the

actual truth, then it could not possibly be used by Christ to say, "If [or

according to this view, since] I by Beelzebub cast out demons. . .

(Matt 12:27), nor "Since I do not do the deeds of my father. . . "(John

10:37), nor "Since I have spoken evil. . ." (John 18:23).  Paul could not

have written "Since there is no resurrection. . ." (1 Cor 15:13), nor

"Since Christ is not raised. . ." (1 Cor 15:14).  These are not isolated,

peculiar examples; they represent 12% of all the first class conditions in

the NT. It is simply not true that first conditions indicate the external

objective truth or reality of the condition. "Since," of course, could be

used in those cases where the condition happens to be true without

making the statement untrue, but even there it would be a mistransla-

tion, since it alters what the authors actually said. Greeks had a word

for "since" (at least two of them) but they deliberately chose "if." We

must assume they knew what they were doing.

The most surprising lesson from this study is the size and

importance of the third category in the tabulation, Here are one-half

of all the examples, dealing with possibilities rather than realities, and

the questions are not "true or false," but "probable or doubtful."

After long study, it seemed best to clarify the many "relations to

reality" involved by listing them under the heading, "Non-determined

by reason of" five circumstances listed above in the tabulation. To

illustrate, note some examples,

Matt 5:29, 30: "If your eye (or hand) offend, . . ." Is that a truth

or a fact? It is clear that the reality of the condition depends on how

one has been using the eyes (or hands).

Matt 17:4: Peter said "If you wish, I will build three taber-

nacles. . . ." Did Christ so wish? Did Peter assume that he did? No;

Peter perhaps thought that he did and volunteered. The condition

was dependent on Peter's choice or desire, not on "relation to


Matt 26:39, 42: Jesus prayed in Gethsemane "If it is possible. . ."

and a bit later "If it is not possible. . . ." It does not matter too much


some are uncertain (where the verb is left unexpressed). It should be noted that in no

case was uncertainty brought about by variant readings of the text.

78                    GRACE THEOLOGICAL JOURNAL


how we understand the content of that prayer. In any case, Christ

prayed for something, conditioning it on its possibility. Here appar-

ently the possibility depended on the providence of God, the course

of events he had determined. Of course, these two conditions cannot

possibly in any sense both be true; they are opposites.6

Acts 5:39: Gamaliel says, "If this is of God, you will not be able

to stop them." It is clear that Gamaliel was not stating that they were

from God, nor that he thought or assumed that they were from God.

He simply didn't know. I have labeled it "Uncertain by reason of

ignorance or doubt."

Rom 8:9: Paul says, "You are no longer in flesh if the Spirit of

God is in you. . . if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ. . . he

is not of him." Paul is not implying by his use of the first class

condition that they were, or were not, in Christ (the same construc-

tion is used for both). He is saying that whether or not a person is in

Christ is determined by his spiritual condition--his possession of the

Spirit. Precisely the same reasoning may be applied to 1 Cor 3:14, 15,

7: 12-15, 9:17, etc.

2 Cor 1:6: "If we are being pressured. . . if we are being com-

forted. . . ." In this sentence it is probably true that they were actually

being tested and were receiving God's encouragement; we know it

from the rest of the book. But it would be incorrect to say that this is

indicated by the fact that it is a first class condition.




Since actuality or truth is obviously not the significance of first

class conditions, another approach is needed. It is possible that the

reality or actuality indicated by the indicative is the reality of

statement, or the attitude of the speaker toward the condition stated;

he states it ''as true"; he assumes its truth for the sake of argument.

This has been a common expedient on the part of those who

recognized the problem dealt with in the preceding paragraphs, but

still want to see something "real" about these indicative verbs.7 And

such an approach is acceptable if certain safeguards are clearly


6 There are nineteen such pairs of first class conditional statements in the New

Testament; twelve, as here, expressing optional alternatives, and seven indicating oppo-

sites, either true or false.

7 G. B. Winer, A Treatise on the Grammar of the New Testament Greek (Edin-

burgh: T. & T. Clark, 1870) 364; S. G. Green, A Handbook of the Grammar of the

Greek Testament (New York: Revell, n.d.) 317; A. T. Robertson, A Grammar of the

Greek New Testament in the light of Historical Research (Nashville: Broadman, 1934)

1007-12; Dana and Mantey, A Manual Grammar of the Greek New Testament (New

York: MacMillan) 287-89; W. D. Chamberlain, An Exegetical Grammar of the Greek

New Testament (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1941) 195.

BOYER: FIRST CLASS CONDITIONS                              79


understood. For example, Paul did not actually assume the truth of

the statement, "If righteousness is through the law. . ." (Gal 2:20).

But this way of saying it may be acceptable if we understand it to

mean that Paul reasoned something like this: "Suppose for a moment

that righteousness is through the law, then consider the implications

of such, if it were true; for then Christ's death was wasted; he didn't

need to die." However, this is not the way such a statement is

commonly understood or used by exegetes.

And while this manner of rationalizing, with careful safeguards,

may sometimes make plausible sense, it seems to be possible only in

contexts which suggest the idea of debate or argument. Where such is

not the case this rationalization becomes meaningless or even worse.

For example, Paul's words in 1 Cor 15 may easily be understood as

"assuming for the sake of argument that there is no resurrection,

then. . . ." But can we use it in Christ's Gethsemane prayer ("assuming

for the sake of argument that it is possible for this cup to pass. . .")?

With whom was he arguing? It would seem more reasonable to admit

that such a rationalization is not the explanation of the meaning of

the first class condition.



Apparently it was the influence of A. T. Robertson's monumental

Grammar8 which popularized a terminology that has given rise to the

current confusion. He speaks of these conditions under the heading:

"Determined as Fulfilled." The term "determined" refers to the use of

the indicative mood, and ''as fulfilled" distinguishes this from the

second class, which also was "determined" (used the indicative) but

determined as not fulfilled (i.e. contrary to fact). Robertson supports

this terminology and concept very strongly in his theoretical explana-

tion of its meaning, but insists that this "has to do only with the

statement, not the absolute truth or certainty of the matter. . . . We

must distinguish always therefore between the fact and the statement

of the fact.”9 Robertson himself shows that he understood well what

he meant and chooses his examples chiefly from among places where

the fact and the statement of the fact were at variance, as a warning

against misapplying his concept. But it has not saved many of his

followers from making the precise mistake he warned against.

And there is good evidence that even Robertson failed at times

to heed his warning. In a spot-check of his Word Pictures10 on some


8 See note 7 for bibliographical information.

9 Ibid., p. 1006.

10 A. T. Robertson, Word Pictures in the New Testament, 6 vols. (Nashville:

Broadman, 1930).

80                    GRACE THEOLOGICAL JOURNAL


passages where these first class conditions occur, his comments are

not always clear. In many instances where the condition was in fact

not true, he makes no mention that a first class condition is involved.11

In most instances his comment is, "assumed as true." What he means

by that seems not always to be consistent. He frequently uses it of

some statement which is obviously not "reality," considering it as-

sumed for the sake of argument only.12 But there are times when he

seems to mean more than that. For example, in dealing with the

Gethsemane prayer of Christ (Matt 26:42) he says, "'Except I drink

it. . . .' Condition of the third class undetermined, but with likelihood

of determination, whereas 'if this cannot pass away' . . . is first class

condition, determined as fulfilled, assumed to be true. This delicate

distinction accurately presents the real attitude of Jesus towards this

subtle temptation.”13 It is noteworthy that he does not recognize v 39,

"if it is possible," the exact opposite, as also first class, also pre-

sumably part of the delicate distinction which accurately presents the

real attitude of Jesus. Another example is Acts 5:39. “The second

alternative is a condition of the first class, determined as fulfilled. . . .

By the use of this idiom Gamaliel does put the case more strongly in

favor of the apostles than against them. This condition assumes that

the thing is so without affirming it to be true.”14 Again, in 1 Cor 15:2,

"Paul assumes that they are holding it fast."15 In such statements most

readers would understand that he is using the term to imply

factuality, not merely a conceivably logical premise to an argument.

Again on Col 3:1, he says, "The preceding argument in 2:20 to 2:23,

rests on the assumption that the Colossians had 'died with Christ

from the elements of the world.' He assumed that to be true by the

very form of the condition, 'if you died' (as you did).”16 This last

sentence can hardly be understood any other way than expressing

Robertson's careless slipping into the error he in theory warns against



11 E.g., Matt 5:29-30, 17:4,26:39; Rom 8:9; note particularly I Cor 15:12-19, where

of seven occurrences of this construction, only one is identified as such.

12 Cf. his treatment of John 10:37-38; on v 37, "Condition of first class, assumed as

true"; on v 38, "Condition again of the first class, assumed as true, but with opposite

results." Also, on John 18:23, "Condition of the first class (assumed to be true). . . .

Jesus had not spoken evilly toward Annas. . . . For the sake of argument, Jesus puts it

as if he did speak evilly. Then prove it, that is all" (Vol. 5, pp. 190, 289).

13 Ibid., I. 213.

14 Ibid., 3. 69.

15 Ibid., 4. 186.

16 A. T. Robertson, Paul and the Intellectuals (Nashville: Sunday School Board,

1928) 143

BOYER: FIRST CLASS CONDITIONS                              81



These last examples from Robertson illustrate well the manner in

which this question is dealt with by some more careful writers

today.17 They understand the obvious fact that first class does not

mean "true to fact" condition, but they seek to keep part of that

misconception by holding that it indicates, implies, it is more strongly

in favor of the particular supposition so stated. But, to be consistent,

if the ei] + indicative style of condition points out probability in any

instance, it must in every instance, else such a conclusion is not an

implication of the construction, but of some other element, such as




What then does this examination of the first class conditions

indicate as the correct significance of this construction?

It seems better to drop entirely such references to reality (or

actuality, or assumption, or implication of reality) and return to a

"working" rather than "theoretical" definition of the first class condi-

tion. The classical grammarians along with the older NT scholars had

the right idea. This form of the conditional sentence was called the

"Simple Condition." The essence of this approach may be seen from a

few quotations.18

When the protasis simply states a particular supposition, implying

nothing as to the fulfillment of the condition, it has the indicative

with ei].19


17 Cf. Nigel Turner, Grammatical Insights Into the New Testament (Edinburgh:

T. & T. Clark, 1965) 52. Discussing the mixed condition in Luke 17:5, he says, "A

grammarian would complain that the present indicative in the protasis in place of the

correct imperfect had changed the clause from an unreal to a real condition. It means

that the supposition introduced by 'if' is no longer a vague one but is a real situation. It

means that Jesus was not saying, 'If you had faith' (implying that they had not), but 'If

you have faith' (leaving the matter open, but implying that they have)." He explains the

ungrammatical words as "a subtle politeness." But note what his last statement

indicates regarding his attitude toward the significance of a first class condition:

"leaving the matter open, but implying that they have."

18 Beside these representative quotes, others taking this basic approach are: H. P. V.

Nunn, A Short Syntax of New Testament Greek (Cambridge: Cambridge University,

1951) 117. James Hope Moulton, An Introduction to the Study of New Testament Greek

(New York: MacMillan, 1955) 135.

19 W. W. Goodwin, Greek Grammar, rev. C. B. Gulick (Boston: Ginn, 1930) 294.

82                    GRACE THEOLOGICAL JOURNAL


Simple present and past conditional sentences are sometimes called

'neutral,' because nothing is implied with regard to the truth of either

condition or conclusion.20


This form merely sets forth the nexus between the conclusion and the

condition; it sets forth the conclusion as real, if the condition is

real--but implies nothing as to the latter.21


The protasis simply states a supposition which refers to a particular

case in the present or past, implying nothing as to its fulfillment. . . .

Conditional clauses of the first class are frequently used when the

condition is fulfilled, and the use of the hypothetical form suggests no

doubt of the fact. This fact of fulfillment lies, however, not in the

conditional sentence, but in the context.22


If a more descriptive title for this class of construction than

"Simple Condition" is desirable, "The Condition of Logical Connec-

tion" may be useful. This form of conditional sentence affirms a

logical connection between the condition proposed in the protasis and

the conclusion declared in the apodosis. Sometimes this connection is

that of cause and effect, but not always. "If there is a natural body

there is also a spiritual one" (1 Cor 15:32) does not mean that the

natural body causes or produces the spiritual one. It affirms a logical

connection, a concurrence of the two; they "go together." If the

protasis is true, it is logical that the apodosis is true.

In summary, what does a first class conditional sentence in NT

Greek mean? It means precisely the same as the simple condition in

English, "If this. . . then that. . . ." It implies absolutely nothing as to

"relation to reality." It is saying that the result (the apodosis) is as

sure as the condition (the protasis). It is a forceful device of language

which leaves the judgment and convictions of the hearer with regard

to the truthfulness of the supposition to prove or disprove and to

enforce the truth of the conclusion. These statements can be made of

everyone of the 300 NT examples and are equally true of everyone

of them. It is the verdict of a usage study of this grammatical



20 H. W. Smyth, A Greek Grammar (New York: American Book Co., 1916) 341. The

statement quoted follows a statement almost identical to that made by Goodwin.

21 Adolph Kaegi, A Short Grammar of Classical Greek (St. Louis: B. Herder,

1914) 144.

22 Ernest De Witt Burton, Syntax of Moods and Tenses in New Testament Greek

(Chicago: University of Chicago, 1897) 102.

BOYER: FIRST CLASS CONDITIONS                              83






Reference                                          Text                                             Category

1. Matt 4:3     Ei] ui[o>j ei# tou? qeou?, ei]pe> i!na oi[ li<qoi ou$toi                 I.

                        a@rtoi ge<nwntai

            If you are God's son, tell these stones to become


2. Matt 4:6     Ei] ui[o>j ei# tou? qeou?, ba<le seauto>n ka<tw:                    I

            If you are God's son, cast yourself down.

3. Matt 5:29   ei] de> o[ o]fqalmo<j sou o[ decio>j skandali<zei se,      III.4

            e@cele au]to>n kai> ba<le a]po> sou?

            If your right eye offends you, pull it out

and throw it away.

4. Matt 5:30   ei] h[ decia< sou xei>r skandali<zei se, e@kkoyon            III.4

                        au]th>n kai> ba<le a]po> sou?:

If your right hand offends you, cut it off and

throw it away.

5. Matt 6:23   ei] . . . to> fw?j to> e]n soi> sko<toj e]sti<n, to> sko<toj     III.3


If the light in you is darkness, how great [is]

that darkness!

6. Matt 6:30   ei] . . . to>n xo<rton tou? a]grou? sh<meron o@nta               I.

kai> au@rion ei]j kli<banon ballo<menon o[ qeo>j

ou!twj a]mfie<nnusin, ou] poll&? ma?llon u[ma?j


If God so clothes the grass. . . will he not much

rather [clothe] you?

7. Matt 7:11   ei] . . .  u[mei?j ponhroi> o@ntej oi@date do<mata a]gaqa>     I.

dido<nai toi?j te<knoij u[mw?n, po<s& ma?llon o[

path>r u[mw?n o[ e]n toi?j ou]ranoi?j dw<sei a]gaqa>

toi?j ai]tou?sin au]to<n

If you being evil know how to give good gifts to

your children, much more will your heavenly

father give good things to those who ask him.

8. Matt 8:31   Ei] e]kba<lleij h[ma?j, a]po<steilon h[ma?j ei]j th>n           III.1

a]ge<lhn tw?n xoi<rwn

If you cast us out, send us into the herd of swine.

9. Matt 10:25 ei] to>n oi]kodespo<thn beelzebou>l e]peka<lesan,          I.

po<s& ma?llon tou>j oi]kiakou>j au]tou?.

If they have called the house-master Beelzeboul,

much more [will they do it to] his household


84                    GRACE THEOLOGICAL JOURNAL


10. Matt 11:14 kai> ei] qe<lete de<casqai, au]to<j e]stin  ]Hli<aj o[       III.4

                        me<llwn e@rxesqai

If you are willing to accept [it, or him], he

himself is Elijah who is going to come.

11. Matt 12:26  ei] o[ Satana?j to>n Satana?n e]kba<llei, e]f ]  e[auto>n   II.


If Satan casts out Satan, he has become divided

against himself.

12. Matt 12:27 ei] e]gw> e]n Beelzebou>l e]kba<llw ta> daimo<nia,            II.1

                                oi[ ui[oi> u[mw?n e]n ti<ni e]kba<llousin

If I by Beelzeboul cast out the demons, by whom

do your sons cast them out?

13. Matt 12:28 ei] . . . e]n pneu<mati qeou?  e]gw>  e]kba<llw ta>                        I.1

                        daimo<nia, a@ra e@fqasen e]f ] u[ma?j h[ basilei<a

                        tou? qeou?.

If I by God's Spirit cast out the demons, then

God's kingdom has come upon you.

14. Matt 14:28 Ku<rie, ei] su> ei#, ke<leuso<n me e]lqei?n pro>j se>            III.5

                        e]pi> ta> u{data:

Lord, if it is you, command me to come to you

on the water.

15. Matt 16:24 Ei@ tij qe<lei o]pi<sw mou e]lqei?n, a]parnhsa<sqw        III.4

                        e[auto>n kai> a]ra<tw to>n stauro>n au]tou? kai>

                        a]kolouqei<tw moi.

If anyone wants to come after me, let him deny

himself and lift up his cross and keep following


16. Matt 17:4  ei] qe<leij, poih<sw w$de trei?j skhna<j, soi> mi<an             III.4

                        kai> Mwu*sei? mi<an kai>  ]Hli<% mi<an.

If you wish, I will make here three booths, one

for you.

17. Matt 18:8 Ei] de> h[ xei<r sou h} o[ pou<j sou skandali<zei se,             III.4

                        e@kkoyon au]to>n kai> ba<le a]po> sou?.

If your hand or foot offends you, cut it off and

throw it away.

18. Matt 18:9  ei] o[ o]fqalmo<j sou skandali<zei se, e@cele au]to>n        III.4

                        kai> ba<le a]po> sou?:

If your eye offends you, pull it out and throw

it away.

19. Matt 18:28   ]Apo<doj ei@ ti o]fei<leij.

Pay [it] back, if you owe anything.


1 Cf. vv 27, 28; pair of opposites.

BOYER: FIRST CLASS CONDITIONS                              85


20. Matt 19:10   Ei] ou!twj e]sti>n h[ ai]ti<a tou?  a]nqrw<pou meta> th?j   III.5

                        gunaiko<j, ou]  sumfe<rei gamh?sai.

If the case of a man with his wife is so, it is not

advantageous to marry.

21. Matt 19: 17 ei] . . . qe<leij ei]j th>n zwh>n ei]selqei?n,                             III.4

                        th<rhson ta>j e]ntola<j.

If you want to enter into life, keep the


22. Matt 19:21 Ei] qe<leij te<leioj ei#nai, u!page pw<lhso<n sou ta>    III.4

                        u[pa<rxonta kai> do>j toi?j ptwxoi?j, kai>  e!ceij

                        qhsauro>n e]n ou]ranoi?j, kai> deu?ro a]kolou<qei moi.

If you want to be perfect, go sell. . . give. . . and

keep following me.

23. Matt 22:45  ei] . . . Daui>d kalei? au]to>n ku<rion, pw?j ui[o>j       I.

                        au]tou? e]stin;

If David calls him Lord, how is he his Son?

24. Matt 26:33 Ei] pa<ntej skandalisqh<sontai e]n soi<, e]gw>         III.4

                        ou]de<pote skandalisqh<somai. 

If all shall be offended in you, I shall never be


25. Matt 26:39   Pa<ter mou, ei] dunato<n e]stin, parelqa<tw  a]p ]    III.22

                                e]mou? to> poth<rion tou?to:

My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass

away from me.

26. Matt 26:42 Pate<r mou, ei] ou] du<natai tou?to parelqei?n. . .    III.22

                        genhqh<tw to> qe<lhma< sou.

My Father, if it is not possible that this pass.

let your will come to pass.

27. Matt 27:40  sw?son seauto<n, ei] ui[o>j ei# tou? qeou?,  [ kai> ]               II.

                        kata<bhqi a]po> tou? staurou?.

Save yourself, if you are God's son, and come

down from the cross.

28. Matt 27:43  r[usa<sqw nu?n ei] qe<lei au]to<n:                                 II.

Let him deliver him now, if he wants him.

29. Mark 3:26  ei] o[ Satana?j a]ne<sth e]f ]  e[auto>n kai> e]meri<sqh,         II.

                        ou] du<natai sth?nai a]lla> te<loj e@xei.

If Satan has risen up against himself and has

become divided, he cannot stand, but has an end.

30. Mark 4:23  ei@ tij e@xei w$ta a]kou<ein a]koue<tw.                                      III.3

If anyone has ears to hear, let him hear.


2 Cf. vv 39, 42; pair of alternative possibilities.

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31. Mark 8: 12  ei] doqh<setai t^? gene%? tau<t^ shmei?on.                     II.3

[May something terrible happen to me] if a sign

shall be given to this generation.

32. Mark 8:34  Ei@ tij qe<lei o]pi<sw mou e]lqei?n, a]parnhsa<sqw      III.4

                        e[auto>n kai> a]ra<tw to>n stauro>n au]tou? kai>

                        a]kolouqei<tw moi.

If anyone wants to come after me, let him deny

himself and lift up his cross and keep following


33. Mark 9:22 ei@ ti du<n^, boh<qhson h[mi?n splagxnisqei>j                III.5

                        e]f ]  h[ma?j. 

If you can [do] anything, show mercy and help us.

34. Mark 9:23  To> Ei] du<n^ -- pa<nta dunata> t&? pisteu<onti.             __ 4

                        [Watch that expression] "If you can"--all things

are possible to the one who trusts.

35. Mark 9:35   Ei@ tij qe<lei prw?toj ei#nai e@stai pa<ntwn e@sxatoj   III.4

                        kai> pa<ntwn dia<konoj

If anyone wants to be first he shall be last of

all and servant of all.

36. Mark 9:42  kalo<n e]stin au]t&? ma?llon ei] peri<keitai mu<loj     II.

                        o]niko>j peri> to>n tra<xhlon au]tou?  kai> be<blhtai

                        ei]j th>n qa<lassan.

It is better for him if a millstone is placed

around his neck and he has been cast into the sea.

37. Mark 11:22, Ei] e@xete pi<stin qeou?, a]mh>n le<gw u[mi?n o!ti o{j a}n      III.3

                      23  ei@p^ t&? o@rei tou<t&, . . . kai> mh> diakriq^? . . .

                        a]lla> pisteu<^ . . . e@stai au]t&?.

                        If you have faith in God, I tell you that whoever

says to this mountain. . . and does not doubt

. . . but believes. . . , it shall be his.

38. Mark 11:25  a]fi<ete ei@ ti e@xete kata< tinoj                                   II.5

Forgive, if you have anything against anyone.

39. Mark 13:22  pro>j to> a]poplana?n, ei] dunato<n, tou>j e]klektou<j.     II.5

In order to lead astray, if [it is] possible, the

elect ones.

40. Mark 14:29 Ei] kai> pa<ntej skandalisqh<sontai, a]ll ] ou]k e]gw<.     III.2

Even if all shall be offended, yet [will]

not I.


3 An elliptical Semitic idiom expressing an oath. Cf. Heb. 3:11, 4:3, 5.

4 Not a conditional sentence, but a reference or quote of part of the preceding

sentence. No separate classification given.

5 Not a complete conditional sentence, but an idiomatic parenthetic insertion into

a purpose clause.

BOYER: FIRST CLASS CONDITIONS                              87


41. Mark 14:35  kai> proshu<xeto i!na ei] dunato<n e]stin pare<lq^      III.26

                                a]p ]  au]tou?  h[  w!ra,

He kept praying that, if it is possible, the hour

might pass away from him.

42. Luke 4:3  Ei]  ui[o>j ei# tou? qeou?, ei]pe>  t&? li<q& tou<t& i!na                  I.

                        ge<nhtai a@rtoj.

If you are God's son, tell this stone to become


43. Luke 4:9  Ei] ui[o>j ei# tou? qeou?, ba<le seauto>n e]nteu?qen                I.


If you are God's son, throw yourself down from here.

44. Luke 6:32  kai> ei] a]gapa?te tou>j a]gapw?ntaj u[ma?j, poi<a u[mi?n    III.4

xa<rij e]sti<n;

And if you love those who love you, what sort of

credit is it to you?

45. Luke 9:23 Ei@ tij qe<lei o]pi<sw mou e@rxesqai, a]rnhsa<sqw       III.4

                        e[auto>n kai> a]ra<tw to>n stauro>n au]tou? kaq ]

                        h[me<ran, kai>  a]kolouqei<tw moi.

If anyone wants to come after me, let him deny

himself. . . lift up. . . and keep following me.

46. Luke 11:8  ei] kai> ou] dw<sei au]t&? a]nasta>j dia> to> ei#nai            I.

                        fi<lon au]tou?, dia< ge th>n a]nai<deian au]tou?

                        e]gerqei>j dw<sei au]t&? o!swn xr^<zei.

Even if he will not arise and give to him because

he is his friend, yet because of his shamelessness

he will arise and give to him as much as he has need of.

47. Luke 11:13  ei] . . . u[mei?j ponhroi> u[pa<rxontej oi@date do<mata     I.

                        a]gaqa> dido<nai toi?j te<knoij u[mw?n, po<s& ma?llon

                        o[ path>r [ o[ ] e]c ou]ranou?  dw<sei pneu?ma a!gion

                        toi?j  ai]tou?sin au]to<n.

                        If you being evil know how to give good gifts to

your children, much more your heavenly Father

will give the Holy Spirit to those who ask him.

48. Luke 11:18 ei] . . . o[ Satana?j e]f ] e[auto>n diemeri<sqh, pw?j        II.

                        staqh<setai h[ basilei<a au]tou?;

If Satan has been divided against himself, how

shall his kingdom stand?

49. Luke 11:19 ei] . . . e]gw> e]n Beelzebou>l e]kba<llw ta> daimo<nia,   II.7

                        oi[ ui[oi> u[mw?n e]n ti<ni e]kba<llousin;

If I by Beelzeboul cast out the demons, by whom

do your sons cast them out?


6 Not a complete conditional sentence, but an idiomatic parenthetic insertion into

a purpose clause.

7 Cf. vv 19, 20; pair of opposites.

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50. Luke 11:20  ei] . . . e]n daktu<l& qeou?  e]kba<llw ta> daimo<nia,       I.7

                                a@ra e@fqasen e]f ] u[ma?j h[ basilei<a tou? qeou?. 

If I by the finger of God cast out demons, then

God's kingdom has come upon you.

51. Luke 11:36  ei] . . . to> sw?ma< sou o!lon fwteino<n, mh> e@xon         III.3

                        me<roj ti skoteino<n, e@stai fwteino>n o!lon w[j

                        o!tan o[ lu<xnoj t^? a]strap^?  fwti<z^ se. 

If your whole body is bright. . . it shall be

wholly bright, as when. . .

52. Luke 12:26  ei] ou#n ou]de> e]la<xiston du<nasqe, ti< peri> tw?n           I.

                        loipw?n merimna?te;

If you are not able [to do] the littlest thing, why

are you anxious about the rest?

53. Luke 12:28 ei] de> e]n  a]gr&? to>n xo<rton o@nta sh<meron kai>            I.

                        au@rion ei]j kli<banon ballo<menon o[ qeo<j ou!twj

                        a]mfia<zei, po<s& ma?llon u[ma?j, o]ligo<pistoi.

If God clothes the grass. . . much more [will he

clothe] you.

54. Luke 14:26 Ei@ tij e@rxetai pro<j me kai> ou] misei? to>n pate<ra       III.4

                        e[autou? kai> . . . ou] du<natai ei#nai< mou maqhth?j.

If anyone comes to me and does not hate his

own father and. ..he cannot be my disciple.

55. Luke 16:11  ei] ou#n e]n t&? a]di<k& mamwn%?, pistoi> ou]k e]ge<nesqe,   III.4

                        to> a]lhqino>n ti<j u[mi?n pisteu<sei;

If you have not become faithful in the

unrighteous mammon, who will entrust to you

the true [wealth]?

56. Luke 16:12  ei] e]n t&? a]llotri<& pistoi> ou]k e]ge<nesqe, to>               III.4

                        u[me<teron ti<j dw<sei u[mi?n;

If you have not become faithful in that which

belongs to another, who will give to you that

which is your own?

57. Luke 16:31  Ei]  Mwu*se<wj kai> tw?n profhtw?n ou]k a]kou<ousin,    III.4

                        ou]d ]  e]a<n  tij e]k nekrw?n a]nast^?  peisqh<sontai.

If they do not hear Moses and the prophets, they

will not even be persuaded if someone should

rise from the dead.

58. Luke 17:2 lusitelei? au]t&?  ei] li<qoj muliko>j peri<keitai peri>       II.

                        to>n tra<xhlon au]tou?  kai>  e@rriptai ei]j th>n


It is better for him if a millstone is put around

his neck and he has been cast into the sea.


7 Cf. vv 19, 20; pair of opposites.

BOYER: FIRST CLASS CONDITIONS                                          89


59. Luke 17:6  Ei] e@xete pi<stin w[j ko<kkon sina<pewj, e]le<gete      III.48

                        a}n t^? sukami<n&  [tau<t^ ] ,   ]Ekrizw<qhti kai>

                        futeu<qhti e]n t^? qala<ss^:  kai>  u[ph<kousen

                        a}n u[mi?n. 

If you have faith like a mustard-seed, you would

be saying to this tree. . . and it would be

hearkening to you.

60. Luke 18:4, 5  Ei] kai>  to>n qeo>n ou] fobou?mai ou]de> a@nqrwpon    I.

                        e]ntre<pomai, dia< ge to> pare<xein moi ko<pon th>n

                        xh<ran tau<thn e]kdikh<sw au]th<n,

Even if I do not fear God. . . yet because. . .                       I

will give this widow justice.

61. Luke 19:8 ei@ tino<j ti e]sukofa<nthsa a]podi<dwmi                         I.


If I have cheated anyone out of anything, I am

paying it back four-fold.

62. Luke 22:42 Pa<ter, ei] bou<lei pare<negke tou?to to>                   III.2

                        poth<rion a]p ]  e]mou: . . .

Father, if you are willing take away this cup

from me.

63. Luke 22:67  Ei] su> ei# o[ Xristo<j, ei]po>n h[mi?n.                                  II.

                        If you are the Messiah, tell us.

64. Luke 23:31  ei] e]n t&? u[gr&? cu<l& tau?ta poiou?sin,                    I.

                        e]n t&? cur&? ti< ge<nhtai;

If they are doing these things in the green tree,

what may happen in the dry [tree]

65. Luke 23:35   @Allouj e@swsen, swsa<tw e[auto<n, ei] ou$to<j        II.

                        e]stin o[ Xristo>j tou? qeou?  o[ e]klekto<j. 

"He saved others, let him save himself, if this is

God's Messiah."

66. Luke 23:37 Ei] su> ei# o[ basileu>j tw?n  ]Ioudai<wn, sw?son        II.


If you are the king of the Jews, save yourself.

67. John 1:25 Ti< ou#n bapti<zeij ei] su> ou]k ei# o[ Xristo>j               III.5

                        Why then do you baptize if you are not the

Messiah. . .?

68. John 3:12  ei] ta> e]pi<geia ei#pon u[mi?n kai> ou] pisteu<ete,             I.

                        pw?j e]a>n ei#pw u[mi?n ta> e]poura<nia pisteu<sete;

                        If I told you earthly things and you do not

believe, how will you believe. . . ?


8 A mixed condition; the protasis is first class by form, the apodosis is second


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69. John 5:47  ei] de> toi?j e]kei<nou gra<mmasin ou] pisteu<ete,           I.

                        pw?j toi?j e]moi?j r[h<masin pisteu<sete;

If you do not believe that one's writings, how

will you believe my words?

70. John 7:4  ei] tau?ta poiei?j, fane<rwson seauto>n t&?             III.5


If you are doing these things, show yourself to

the world.

71. John 7:23 ei] peritomh>n lamba<nei a@nqrwpoj e]n sabba<t&    I.

                        . . . e]moi> xola?te o!ti o!lon a@nqropon u[gih?

                        e]poi<hsa e]n sabba<t&;  

If a man gets circumcision on the Sabbath. . .

are you angry with me because I have made the

whole man well on the Sabbath?

72. John 8:39 Ei] te<kna tou?  ]Abraa<m e]ste, ta> e@rga tou?           II.9

 ]Abraa>m e]poiei?te;

If you are Abraham's children, you would be

doing Abraham's works.

73. John 8:46 ei] a]lh<qeian le<gw, dia> ti< u[mei?j ou]                          I.

                        pisteu<ete< moi;

If I speak the truth, why do you not believe me?

74. John 10:24  ei] su> ei# o[ Xristo<j, ei]pe> h[mi?n parrhsi<%.         III.5

                        If you are the Messiah, tell us boldly.

75. John 10:35  ei] e]kei<nouj ei#pen qeou>j pro>j ou{j o[ lo<goj tou?         I.

                 36   qeou? e]ge<neto, . . . o{n o[ path>r h[gi<asen kai>

                        a]pe<steilen ei]j to>n ko<smon u[mei?j le<gete o!ti

                        Blasfhmei?j, o!ti ei#pon, Ui[o>j tou? qeou? ei]mi;

If he called them "gods" to whom God's

word came. . . do you say "you blaspheme"

to me whom the Father set apart and sent into

the world, because I said, "I am God's


76. John 10:37 ei] ou] poiw? ta> e@rga tou? patro<j mou, mh>                    II.10

                                pisteu<ete< moi:

If I do not do the works of my father, do not

believe me.

77. John 10:38  ei] de> poiw?, ka}n e]moi> mh> pisteu<hte, toi?j e@rgoij    I.10


But if I do [do the works of my father], . . .

believe my works.


9 A mixed condition; the protasis is first class by form, the apodosis is second


10 Cf.. vv 37, 38; pair of opposites.

BOYER: FIRST CLASS CONDITIONS                              91


78. John 11:12  Ku<rie, ei] kekoi<mhtai swqh<setai.                                 I.

Lord, if he is asleep he will be safe.

79. John 13:14 ei] ou#n e]gw> e@niya u[mw?n tou>j po<daj o[                            I.

                        ku<rioj kai> o[ dida<skaloj, kai> u[mei?j

                        o]fei<lete a]llh<lwn ni<ptein tou>j po<daj:

If I . . . have washed your feet, you also ought

to keep washing one another's feet.

80. John 13:17  ei] tau?ta oi@date, maka<rioi< e]ste e]a>n poih?te             III.3


If you know these things, you are blessed. . .

81. John 13:32  ei] o[ qeo>j e]doca<sqh e]n au]t&? kai> o[ qeo>j                      I.

                        doca<sei au]to>n

If God has been glorified in him, God also will

glorify him.

82. John 14:7 ei] e]gnw<kate< me, kai> to>n pate<ra mou gnw<sesqe:         I.

If you know me, you will also know my father.

83. John 14:11 ei] de> mh<, dia> ta> e@rga au]ta> pisteu<ete.                    III.5

If not [if you do not believe me for these

reasons], believe me on account of the works


84. John 15:18 Ei] o[ ko<smoj u[ma?j misei?, ginw<skete o!ti                     I.

                        e]me> prw?ton u[mw?n memi<shken.

If the world hates you, you know that it has

hated me first.

85. John 15:20 ei] e]me> e]di<wcan, kai> u[ma?j diw<cousin:                       I.11

If they persecuted me, they will persecute you too.

86. John 15:20 ei] to>n lo<gon mou e]th<rhsan, kai> to>n u[me<teron      II.11

If they have kept my word, they will keep

yours too.

87. John 18:8 ei] ou#n e]me> zhtei?te, a@fete tou<touj u[pa<gein:      I.

If you are seeking me, permit these to depart.

88. John 18:23 Ei] kakw?j e]la<lhsa, martu<rhson peri> tou?             II.12


If I have spoken in an evil way, testify of the evil.

89. John 18:23 ei] de> kalw?j, ti< me de<reij;                                               I.12

But if [I have spoken] in a good way, why do

you beat me?


11 Cf. rest of verse; pair of opposites.

12 Cf. rest of verse; pair of opposites.

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90. John 20:15 Ku<rie, ei] su> e]ba<stasaj au]to<n, ei]pe< moi pou?      III.5

e@qhkaj au]to<n ka]gw> au]to>n a]rw?.

Sir, if you have carried him away, tell me where

you have put him, and I will take him away.

91. Acts 4:9, 10 ei] h[mei?j sh<meron a]nakrino<meqa e]pi>                     I.

                        eu]ergesi<% a]nqrw<pou a]sqenou?j, . . .

                        gnwsto>n e@stw pa?sin u[mi?n kai> panti> t&?

                        la&?  ]Israh>l  o!ti . . .

If we are being judged concerning a kindness to

a sick man. . . let it be known to you all. . .

92. Acts 5:39  ei] de> e]k qeou? e]stin, ou] dunh<sesqe                          III.5

                        katalu?sai au]tou<j

But if it is of God, you will not be able to

stop them.

93. Acts 11:17 ei] ou#n th>n i@shn dwrea>n e@dwken au]toi?j o[              I.13

qeo>j w[j kai> h[mi?n . . . e]gw> ti<j h@mhn dunato>j

kwlu?sai to>n qeo>n;

If God has given to them an equal gift as also to

us. . . who was I [to be] able to hinder God?

94. Acts 16:15 Ei] kekri<kate< me pisth>n t&? kuri<& ei#nai,                    I.

                        ei]selqo<ntej ei]j to>n oi#ko<n mou me<nete: . . .

If you have judged me to be faithful to the Lord,

come into my house and stay.

95. Acts 18:15  ei] de> zhth<mata< e]stin peri> lo<gou kai> o]noma<twn     I.

                        kai> no<mou tou? kaq ]  u[ma?j, o@yesqe au]toi<:

If there are questions about. . . a law of yours,

you shall see [to them] yourselves.

96. Acts 19:38  ei] me>n ou#n Dhmh<trioj kai> oi[ su>n au]t&?                    III.514

                                texni?tai e@xousi pro<j tina lo<gon, a]gorai?oi

                        a@gontai kai> a]nqu<patoi< ei]sin: e]gkalei<twsan


                        If Demetrius and. . . have a complaint against

someone, courts are being held and there are

officials; let them bring charges against one another.

97. Acts 19:39 ei] de< ti peraite<rw e]pizhtei?te, e]n t^? e]nno<m&            III.514

                                e]kklhsi<% e]piluqh<setai.

But if you are looking for something more, it

shall be settled in the lawful assembly.

98. Acts 23:9  ei] de> pneu?ma e]la<lhsen au]t&? h} a@ggeloj--.                III.5

But if a spirit or an angel has spoken to him-.


13 In form this resembles a second class condition (past tense of indicative), but it

is a rhetorical question which accounts for the past tense (potential imperfect) in the

apodosis, and it is not contrary to fact.

14 Cf. vv 38, 39; pair of alternative possibilities.

BOYER: FIRST CLASS CONDITIONS                              93


99. Acts 25:5 ei@ ti< e]stin e]n t&? a]ndri> a@topon                               III.5

                        kathrorei<twsan au]tou?.

                        If there is anything a-miss about the man, let

them bring accusation against him.

100. Acts 25:11  ei] me>n ou#n a]dikw? kai> a@cion qana<tou pe<praxa< ti,     II.15

                                ou] paraitou?mai to> a]poqanei?n:

If I am wrong and have done anything worthy of

death, I do not refuse to die.

101. Acts 25:11  ei] de> ou]de<n e]stin w$n ou$toi kathgorou?sin mou,          I.15

                                ou]dei<j me du<natai au]toi?j xari<sasqai:

But if there is nothing of which these accuse me,

no one can give me over to them.

102. Acts 26:8 ti< a@piston kri<netai par ]  u[mi?n ei] o[ qeo>j                        I.

                        nekrou>j e]gei<rei;

Why is it considered by you an unbelievable

thing if God raises the dead?

103. Rom 2:17-21  Ei] de> su>   ]Ioudai?oj e]ponoma<z^ kai> e]panapau<^       I.

                        . . . kai> kauxa?sai . . . kai> ginw<skeij . . .  kai>

                        dokima<zeij . . . pe<poiqa<j te . . . – o[ ou#n dida<skwn

                        e!teron seauto>n ou] dida<skeij; . . .

If you are named a Jew. . .--, you who teach

another, do you not teach yourself?

104. Rom 3:3  ti< ga>r ei] h]pi<sthsa<n tinej; . . .                               I.

What [shall we conclude] if some did not believe?

105. Rom 3:5   ei] de> h[ a]diki<a h[mw?n qeou? dikaiosu<nhn                I.

                        suni<sthsin, ti< e]rou?men; . . .

If our unrighteousness recommends God's

righteousness, what shall we say?

106. Rom 3:7 ei] ga>r h[ a]lh<qeia tou? qeou? e]n t&? e]m&? yeu<smati      I.

                        e]peri<sseusen ei]j th>n do<can au]tou?, ti< e@ti ka]gw>

                        w[j a[martwlo>j kri<nomai;

If God's truth has abounded by my lie unto his

glory, why am I still judged as a sinner?

107. Rom 3:29, 30  nai> kai> e]qnw?n ei@per ei$j o[ qeo<j, . . .                     I.

Yes, [he is God] also of the gentiles, if indeed

God is one.

108. Rom 4:2 ei] ga>r   ]Abraa>m e]c e@rgwn e]dikaiw<qh, e@xei             II.


If Abraham was justified from works, he has a

ground for boasting.


15 Cf. rest of verse; pair of opposites.

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109. Rom 4:14  ei] ga>r oi[ e]k no<mou klhrono<moi, keke<nwtai h[          II.

                        pi<stij kai> kath<rghtai h[ e]paggeli<a:

If those who are of the law [are] heirs, faith has

become empty and the promise has become


110. Rom 5:10  ei] ga>r e]xqroi> o@ntej kathlla<ghmen t&? qe&? dia>      I.

                        tou? qana<tou tou? ui[ou?  au]tou?, poll&? ma?llon

                        katallage<ntej swqhso<meqa e]n t^? zw^? au]tou?:

If while. . . we were reconciled. . . much more

now. . . we shall be saved. ..

111. Rom 5:15  ei] ga>r t&? tou? e[no>j paraptw<mati oi[ polloi>          I.

                        a]pe<qanon, poll&?  ma?llon h[ xa<rij tou? qeou? kai>

                        h[ dwrea> e]n xa<riti t^? tou? e[no>j a]nqrw<pou  ]Ihsou?

                        Xristou? ei]j tou>j pollou>j e]peri<sseusen.

If by . . . the many died, much more has the

grace of God. . . abounded. . .

112. Rom 5:17  ei] ga>r t&? tou? e[noj paraptw<mati o[ qa<natoj          I.

                        e]basi<leusen dia> tou? e[no<j, poll&? ma?llon oi[

                        th>n perissei<an th?j xa<ritoj kai> th?j dwrea?j

                        th?j dikaiosu<nhj lamba<nontej e]n zw^?

                        basileu<sousin dia> tou? e[no>j  ]Ihsou? Xristou?.

If by . . .death reigned. . . much more those. . .

shall reign. . .

113. Rom 6:5  ei] ga>r su<mfutoi gego<namen t&? o[moiw<mati tou?         I.

                        qana<tou au]tou?, a]lla> kai> th?j a]nasta<sewj


If we have become fellow-sharers in ...his

death, certainly also we shall be [fellow-sharers

in] his resurrection.

114. Rom 6:8  ei] de> a]peqa<nomen su>n Xrist&?, pisteu<omen o!ti       I.

                        kai> suzh<somen au]t&?: 

If we died with Christ, . . . we shall also live

with him.

115. Rom 7:16  ei] de> o{ ou] qe<lw tou?to poiw?, su<mfhmi t&?  no<m&       I.

                        o!ti kalo<j.

If I do what I do not want [to do], I am agreeing

with the law that it is good.

116. Rom 7:20 ei] de> o{ ou] qe<lw e]gw> tou?to poiw?,  ou]ke<ti                     I.

                        e]gw> katerga<zomai au]to> a]lla> h[ oi]kou?sa e]n

                        e]moi> a[marti<a.

If I do what I do not want [to do], I am no

longer doing it but the sin which dwells in me

[is doing it].


BOYER: FIRST CLASS CONDITIONS                              95


117. Rom 8:9  u[mei?j de> ou]k e]ste> e]n sarki> a]lla> e]n pneu<mati,     III.316

                        ei@per pneu?ma qeou? oi]kei? e]n u[mi?n.

You are not in flesh but in spirit, if indeed

God's Spirit dwells in you.

118. Rom 8:9  ei] de< tij pneu?ma Xristou? ou]k e@xei, ou$toj ou]k     III.316

                        e@stin au]tou?.

If anyone does not have Christ's Spirit, this one

does not belong to him.

119. Rom 8:10 ei] de> Xristo>j e]n u[mi?n, to> me>n sw?ma nekro>n dia>     III.3

                        a[marti<an, to> de> pneu?ma zwh> dia> dikaiosu<nhn. 

If Christ is in you, the body [is] dead. . . but

the spirit [is] life. . .

120. Rom 8:11  ei] de> to> pneu?ma tou? e]gei<rantoj to>n  ]Ihsou?n e]k      III.3

                        nekrw?n oi]kei? e]n u[mi?n, o[ e]gei<raj  [ to>n ] Xristo>n

                        e]k nekrw?n z&opoih<sei kai> ta> qnhta> sw<mata

                        u[mw?n . . .

If the Spirit. . . dwells in you, the One who

raised Christ. . . will make alive your mortal

bodies. . .

121. Rom 8:13  ei] ga>r kata> sa<rka zh?te me<llete a]poqn^<skein,       III.317

If you live after the flesh you are going to die.

122. Rom 8:13  ei] de> pneu<mati ta>j pra<ceij tou? sw?matoj                  III.317

                        qanatou?te zh<sesqe. 

But if by the Spirit you keep putting to death the

practices of the body, you shall live.

123. Rom 8:17 ei] de> te<kna, kai> klhrono<moi:

If [we are] children, [we are] also heirs.

124. Rom 8:17 sugklhrono<moi de> Xristou?, ei@per sumpa<sxomen       I.

[We are] fellow-heirs of Christ, if indeed we are

suffering with him.

125. Rom 8:25 ei] de> o{ ou] ble<pomen e]lpi<zomen, di ] u[pomonh?j                I.


If we hope for that which we do not see, we wait

for it through patience.

126. Rom 8:31  ei] o[ qeo>j u[pe>r h[mw?n, ti<j kaq ]  h[mw?n;                             I.

                        If God [is] for us, who [is] against us?


16 Cf. rest of verse; pair of alternative possibilities.

17 Cf. rest of verse; pair of alternative possibilities.

96                    GRACE THEOLOGICAL JOURNAL


127. Rom 9:22  ei] de> qe<lwn o[ qeo>j e]ndei<casqai th>n o]rgh>n kai>        I.

                        gnwri<sai to> dunato>n au]tou?  h@negken e]n poll^? 

                        makroqumi<% skeu<h o]rgh?j kathrtisme<na ei]j


If God, wishing to . . . endured. . . vessels of

wrath. . . , --.

128. Rom 11:6   ei] de> xa<riti, ou]ke<ti e]c e@rgwn                                      I.

If [it is] by grace, [it is] no longer from works.

129. Rom 11:12  ei] de> to> para<ptwma au]tw?n plou?toj ko<smou kai>    I.

                        to>  h!tthma au]tw?n plou?toj e]qnw?n, po<s& ma?llon

                        to> plh<rwma au]tw?n. 

If their fall [is] the wealth of the world and their

failure [is] the wealth of the gentiles, much more

[will be] their fulness.

130. Rom 11:13,  th>n diakoni<an mou doca<zw, ei@ pwj parazhlw<sw    III.4

                        14  mou th>n sa<rka kai> sw<sw tina>j e]c au]tw?n.

I magnify my ministry, if perhaps I shall provoke

. . . and save some.

131. Rom 11:15  ei] ga>r h[ a]pobolh> au]tw?n katallagh> ko<smou,       I.

                        ti<j h[ pro<slhmyij ei] mh> zwh> e]k nekrw?n;

If their setting aside [is] the world's reconcilia-

tion, what [shall] their acceptance [be] except

life. . . ?

132. Rom 11:16  ei] de> h[ a]parxh> a[gi<a, kai> to> fu<rama:                     I.        

                        If the first-fruits [are/were] holy, the batch of

dough also [will be holy].

133. Rom 11:16  kai> ei] h[ r[i<za a[gi<a, kai> oi[ kla<doi                      I.

                        If the root [is/was] holy, the branches also [will

be holy].

134. Rom 11:17,  Ei] de< tinej tw?n kla<dwn e]cekla<sqhsan, su> de>      I.

                     18    a]grie<laioj w}n e]nekenri<sqhj e]n au]toi?j kai>

                        sugkoinwno>j th?j r[izhj th?j pio<thtoj th?j e]lai<aj

                        e]ge<nou, mh> katakauxw? tw?n kla<dwn:

If some of the branches have been broken off

and you. . . have been grafted in . . . do not

boast against the branches.

135. Rom 11:18  ei] de> katakauxa?sai, ou] su> th>n r[i<zan basta<zeij     III.4

                        a]lla> h[ r[iza se<.

But if you boast against [them], you are not

supporting the root, but the root [is supporting] you.

136. Rom 11:21  ei] ga>r o[ qeo>j tw?n kata> fu<sin kla<dwn ou]k           I.

                        e]fei<sato, ou]de> sou? fei<setai. 

If God did not spare. . . neither will he

spare you.



137. Rom 11:24  ei] ga>r su> e]k th?j kata> fu<sin e]ceko<phj             I.

                        a]grielai<ou kai> para> fu<sin e]nekentri<sqhj ei]j

                        kallie<laion, po<s& ma?llon ou$toi oi[ kata> fu<sin

                        e]gkentrisqh<sontai t^? i]di<% e]lai<%.

If you were cut off. . . and were grafted in . . .

much more shall these. . . be grafted into. . .

138. Rom 12:18  ei] dunato<n, to> e]c u[mw?n meta> pa<ntwn a]nqrw<pwn   III.2


If possible being at peace with all. . .

139. Rom 13:9  ei@ tij e[te<ra e]ntolh<, e]n t&? lo<g& tou<t&                 I.


If [there is] any other commandment, it is

 summed up in this . . .

140. Rom 14:15  ei] ga>r dia> brw?ma o[ a]delfo<j sou lupei?tai,      III.4

                        ou]ke<ti kata> a]ga<phn peripatei?j.

If your brother is being grieved because of food,

you are no longer walking according to love.

141. Rom 15:27   ei] ga>r toi?j pneumatikoi?j au]tw?n e]koinw<nhsan      I.

                        ta> e@qnh, o]fei<lousin kai> e]n toi?j sarkikoi?j

leitourgh?sai au]toi?j.

If the gentiles have become sharers in their

spiritual things, they ought also to minister to

them in fleshly things.

142. 1 Cor 3:12,13   ei] de> tij e]poikodomei? e]pi> to>n qeme<lion xruso<n   III.418

                        . . . e[ka<stou to> e@rgon fanero>n genh<setai,

If anyone builds on the foundation gold. . . ,

each one's work will be manifest.

143. 1 Cor 3:14  ei@ tinoj to> e@rgon menei? o{ e]poikodo<mhsen,           III.418

            misqo>n lh<myetai:

If anyone's work abides. ..he shall receive


144. 1 Cor .3:15  ei@ tiwoj to> e@rgon katakah<setai, zhmiwqh<setai,     III.418

                        au]to>j de> swqh<setai, ou!twj de> w[j dia> puro<j.

If anyone's work shall be burned, he shall suffer';

loss, but he himself shall be saved. . .

145. 1 Cor 3:17  ei@ tij to>n nao>n tou? qeou? fqei<rei, fqerei? tou?ton   III.418

                        o[ qeo<j:

If anyone corrupts God's temple, God will

corrupt him.


18 Cf. vv 14, 15. These four examples represent two pairs of alternative possibilities;

the first and fourth ("if anyone builds. . . or destroys. . . “) and the second and third a

sub-classification of the first ("if anyone builds gold. . . or wood. . . .”).

98                    GRACE THEOLOGICAL JOURNAL


146. 1 Cor 3:18  ei@ tij dokei? sofo>j ei#nai e]n u[mi?n e]n t&? ai]w?ni      III.4

                        tou<t&, mwro>j gene<sqw, i!na ge<nhtai sofo<j.

If anyone thinks he is wise. . . let him become

a fool. . .

147. 1 Cor 4:7  ei] de> kai> e@labej, ti< kauxa?sai w[j mh> labw<n;      I.

                        If you have received [what you have], why do

you boast. . . ?

148. 1 Cor 6:2  kai> ei] e]n u[mi?n kri<netai o[ ko<smoj, a]na<cioi< e]ste     I.

                        krithri<wn e]laxi<stwn;

If the world is being judged by you, are you

unworthy of the lesser courts?

149. 1 Cor 7:9  ei] de> ou]k e]gkrateu<ontai gamhsa<twsan,           III.4

If they are not controllong themselves, let them

get married.

150. 1 Cor 7:12  ei@ tij a]delfo>j gunai?ka e@xei a@piston, kai> au!th     III.419

                        suneudokei? oi]kei?n met ] au]tou?, mh> a]fie<tw au]th<n:

If any brother has an unbelieving wife and she is

pleased to stay with him, let him not send

her away.

151. 1 Cor 7:13  kai> gunh> ei@ tij e@xei a@ndra a@piston, kai> ou$toj      III.419

                        suneudokei? oi]kei?n met ] au]th?j, mh> a]fie<tw to>n


If any wife has an unbelieving husband and he is

pleased to stay with her, let her not send him


152. 1 Cor 7:15  ei] de> o[ a@pistoj xwri<zetai, xwrize<sqw:              III.419

But if the unbelieving husband departs, let him


153. 1 Cor 7:21 a]ll ] ei] kai> du<nasai e]leu<qeroj gene<sqai,           III.2

                        ma?llon xrh?sai.

But if you are able to become free, use it rather.

154. 1 Cor 7:36  Ei] de< tij a]sxhmonei?n e]pi> th>n parqe<non au]tou?   III.4

            nomi<zei . . . o{ qe<lei poiei<tw : . . .

If anyone thinks he is acting shamefully towards

his virgin. . . let him do what he wants; he is

not sinning; let them be married.

155. 1 Cor 8:2 ei@ tij dokei? e]gnwke<nai ti, ou@pw e@gnw kaqw>j         III.320

                        dei? gnw?nai:

If anyone thinks that he knows anything, he has

not yet come to know as he ought to know.


19 Cf. vv 12, 13, 15; set of three alternative possibilities.

20 Cf. vv 2, 3; pair of alternative possibilities.


BOYER: FIRST CLASS CONDITIONS                              99


156. 1 Cor 8:3  ei] de> tij a]gap%? to>n qeo<n, ou$toj e@gnwstai      III.320

If anyone loves God, he has become known

to him.

157. 1 Cor 8:5, 6  kai< ga?r ei@per ei]si>n lego<menoi qeoi> . . . a]ll ]     I.

                        h[mi?n ei$j qeo>j o[ path<r, . . .

Even if there are those who are called gods. . .

yet for us [there is] one God, the Father. . .

158. 1 Cor 8:13  dio<per ei] brw?ma skandali<zei to>n a]delfo<n mou,   III.3

                        ou] mh> fa<gw kre<a ei]j to>n ai]w?na, . . .

If food offends my brother, I shall never eat

flesh, lest. . .

159. 1 Cor 9:2  ei] a@lloij ou]k ei]mi> a]po<stoloj, a]lla< ge u[mi?n ei]mi:    II.

If I am not an apostle to others, yet certainly

I am to you.

160. 1 Cor 9:11  ei] h[mei?j u[mi?n ta> pneumatika> e]spei<ramen,              I.21

                                me<ga . . . ;

If we have sowed to you spiritual things, [is it] a

great thing . . . ?

161. 1 Cor 9:11  me<ga ei] h[mei?j u[mw?n ta> sarkika> qeri<somen;        III.121

[Is it] a great thing, if we shall reap your fleshly


162. 1 Cor 9:12 ei] a@lloi th?j u[mw?n e]cousi<aj mete<xousin, ou]          I.

                        ma?llon h[mei?j;

If others share authority over you, do not

we more?

163. 1 Cor 9:17 ei] ga>r e[kw?n tou?to pra<ssw, misqo>n e@xw:           III.422

If I do this willingly, I have a reward.

164. 1 Cor 9: 17 ei] de> a@kwn, oi]konomi<an pepi<steumai.                III.422

But if [I do this] unwillingly, I have been

entrusted with a stewardship.

165. 1 Cor 10:27  ei@ tij kalei? u[ma?j tw?n a]pi<stwn kai> qe<lete       III.2

                        poreu<esqai, pa?n to> paratiqe<menon u[mi?n e]sqi<ete

                        mhde>n a]nakri<nontej dia> th>n sunei<dhsin.

If anyone. . . invites you [to dinner] and you

want to go, eat all that is put before you asking

no questions. . .


20 Cf. vv 2, 3; pair of alternative possibilities.

21 Note that this and the next example are two apodoses, both of which relate to

the same clause as apodosis.

22 Cf. rest of verse; pair of alternative possibilities.



166. I Cor 10:30  ei] e]gw> xa<riti mete<xw, ti< blasfhmou?mai u[pe>r      III.4

                        ou$ e]gw> eu]xaristw?;

If I partake [of the food] with thanks, why am

I spoken evil of . . . ?

167. I Cor 11:6  ei] ga>r ou] katalu<ptetai gunh<, kai> keira<sqw:         III.4

                        If a woman does not wear a covering, let her

also have her hair cut off.

168. I Cor 11:6 ei] de> ai]sxro>n gunaiki> to> kei<rasqai h} cura?sqai,       I.


If it is shameful for a woman to have her hair

cut off or to have it shaved, let her wear a


169. I Cor 11:16  Ei] de< tij dokei? filo<neikoj ei#nai, h[mei?j toiau<thn     III.5

                        sunh<qeian ou]k e@xomen,

If anyone seems to be argumentative, we do not

have such a custom.

170. I Cor 11:34  ei@ tij pein%?. e]n oi@k& e]sqie<tw.                                      III.4

                        If anyone is hungry, let him eat at home.

171. I Cor 14:5 mei<zwn de> o[ profhteu<wn h} o[ lalw?n glw<ssaij,         III.423    

                        e]kto>j ei] mh> diermhneu<^, i!na h[ e]kklhsi<a

                        oi]kodomh>n la<b^.  

The one who prophesies is greater than the one

who speaks in tongues, unless he interprets. . .

172. I Cor 14:27  ei@te glw<ss^ tij lalei?, kata> du<o h} to> plei?ston    III.1

                        trei?j, kai> a]na> me<roj, kai> ei$j diermhneue<tw:

                        And if anyone speaks in a tongue, [let it be] by

two or at most three. . .

173. I Cor 14:35  ei] de< ti maqei?n qe<lousin, e]n oi@k& tou>j i]di<ouj       III.1

                        a@ndraj e]perwta<twsan,

If they wish to learn anything, let them question

their own husbands at home.

174. I Cor 14:37  Ei@ tij dokei? profh<thj ei#nai h} pneumatiko<j,       III.3

                        e]piginwske<tw a{ gra<fw u[mi?n o!ti kuri<ou e]sti>n


If anyone thinks that he is a prophet or is

spiritual, let him recognize that. . .

175. I Cor 14:38 ei] de< tij a]gnoei?, a]gnoei?tai.                           III.3

If anyone does not acknowledge [this], he is not



23 This is not strictly a first class condition; note the idiomatic e]kto>j ei] mh< and the

subjunctive verb.

BOYER: FIRST CLASS CONDITIONS                              101


176. 1 Cor 15:2  di ] ou$ kai> s&<zesqe, ti<ni lo<g& eu]hggelisa<mhn    III.4

                        u[mi?n ei] kate<xete,

Through which [gospel] you also are being saved

. . . if you hold fast. . .

177. 1 Cor 15:12  Ei] de> Xristo>j khru<ssetai o!ti e]k nekrw?n           I.

                        e]gh<gertai, pw?j le<gousin e]n u[mi?n tinej o!ti

                        a]na<stasij vekrw?n ou]k e@stin;

If Christ is preached that he has been raised

from the dead, how do some among you say

that . . . ?

178. 1 Cor 15:13  ei] de> a]na<stasij nekrw?n ou]k e@stin, ou]de>             II.

                        Xristo>j e]gh<gertai:

If there is no resurrection of the dead, not even

Christ has been raised.

179. 1 Cor 15:14  ei] de> Xristo>j ou]k e]gh<gertai, keno>n a@ra kai> to>    II.

                        kh<rugma h[mw?n, kenh> kai> h[ pi<stij u[mw?n,

If Christ has not been raised, then our preaching

[is] empty. . .

180. 1 Cor 15:15  o{n ou]k h@geiren ei@per a@ra nekroi> ou]k e]gei<rontai.    II.

Christ, whom he did not raise if in fact the dead

do not rise.

181. 1 Cor 15:16  ei] ga>r nekroi> ou]k e]gei<rontai, ou]de> Xristo>j         II.


If the dead do not rise, not even Christ has been


182. 1 Cor 15:17  ei] de> Xristo>j ou]k e]gh<gertai, matai<a h[ pi<stij      II.

                        u[mw?n, e@ti e]ste> e]n tai?j a[marti<aij u[mw?n. 

If Christ has not been raised, your faith [is]

worthless. . .

183. 1 Cor 15:19  ei] e]n t^? zw^? tau<t^ e]n Xrist&? h]lpiko<tej e]sme>n     II.

                        mo<non, e]leeino<teroi pa<ntwn a]nqrw<pwn e]sme<n.

If in this life we have only hoped in Christ, we

are most pitiable of all men.

184. 1 Cor 15:29  ei] o!lwj nekroi> ou]k e]gei<rontai, ti< kai>              II.

                        bapti<zontai u[pe>r au]tw?n;

If the dead do not actually rise, why are they

being baptized for them?

185. 1 Cor 15:32  ei] kata> a@nqrwpon e]qhrioma<xhsa e]n  ]Efe<s&, ti<    I.

                        moi to> o@feloj;

If . . . I fought with wild beasts in Ephesus, what

[is] the benefit to me?

186. 1 Cor 15:32  ei] nekroi> ou]k e]gei<rontai, Fa<gwmen kai> pi<wmen,     II.

                        au@rion ga>r a]poqn^<skomen.

If the dead do not rise, let us eat. . . drink. . .




187. 1 Cor 15:44 ei] e@stin sw?ma yuxiko<n, e@stin kai> pneumatiko<n.       I.

If there is a physical body, there is also a

spiritual one.

188. 1 Cor 16:22  ei@ tij ou] filei? to>n ku<rion, h@tw a]na<qema.            III.3

If anyone does not love the Lord, let him be


189. 2 Cor 1:6 ei@te qlibo<meqa, u[pe>r th?j u[mw?n  paraklh<sewj       III.224

 kai> swthri<aj:

Whether [if] we are experiencing trouble, [it is]

for your encouragement. . .

190. 2 Cor 1:6  ei@te de> parakalou<meqa, u[pe>r th?j u[mw?n                     III.224


Whether [if] we are being encouraged, [it is] for

your encouragement. . .

191. 2 Cor 2:2  ei] ga>r e]gw> lupw? u[ma?j, kai> ti<j o[ eu]frai<nwn me.     III.1

                        ei] mh> o[ lupou<menoj e]c e]mou?;

If I grieve you, who then [is] the one who makes

me glad. . . ?

192. 2 Cor 2:5  Ei] de< tij lelu<phken, ou]k e]me> lelu<phken,                    I.

                        If any has caused grief, he has not caused me

grief . . .

193. 2 Cor 2:10  kai> ga>r e]gw> o{ kexa<rismai, ei@ ti kexa<rismai,        I.

                        di ]  u[ma?j e]n prosw<p& Xristou?,

If I have forgiven anything, [I have done it] for

your sake. . .

194. 2 Cor 3:7, 8  Ei] de> h[ diakoni<a tou? qana<tou e]n gra<mmasin     I.

                        e]ntetupwme<nh li<qoij e]genh<qh e]n do<c^, . . . pw?j

                        ou]xi> ma?llon h[ diakoni<a tou? pneu<matoj e@stai

                        e]n do<c^;

If the ministry of death. ..came about in glory

. . .how much more shall the ministry of the

Spirit be in glory?

195. 2 Cor 3:9 ei] ga>r h[ diakoni<a th?j katakri<sewj do<ca,            I.

                        poll&? ma?llon perisseu<ei h[ diakoni<a th?j

                        dikaiosu<nhj do<c^. 

If the ministry of condemnation [ was] glory,

much more does the ministry of righteousness

abound in glory.


24 Cf. rest of verse; pair of alternative possibilities.

BOYER: FIRST CLASS CONDITIONS                              103


196. 2 Cor 3: 11  ei] ga>r to> katargou<menon dia> do<chj, poll&?        I.

                        ma?lon to> me<non e]n do<c^.

If that which is being put out of use [came]

through glory, much more that which is abiding

[shall be] in glory.

197. 2 Cor 4:3 ei] de> kai> e@stin kekalumme<non to> eu]agge<lion        I.

                        h[mw?n, e]n toi?j a]pollume<noij e]sti>n


If our gospel is hidden, it is hidden in those

who are perishing.

198. 2 Cor 4:16 ei] kai> o[ e@cw h[mw?n a@nqrwpoj diafqei<retai, a]ll ]       I.

                        o[ e@sw h[mw?n a]nakainou?tai h[me<r% kai> h[me<r%. 

If our outer man is decaying, yet our inner

[man] is being renewed. . .

199. 2 Cor 5:2, 3  kai> ga>r e]n tou<t& stena<zomen . . . e]pendu<sasqai      I.

                        e]pipoqou?ntej, ei@ ge kai> e]ndusa<menoi ou] gumnoi>


In this we groan, longing to put on . . . if indeed

when we have put it on we shall not be found


200. 2 Cor 5:16  ei] kai> e]gnw<kamen kata> sa<rka Xristo<n, a]lla>            I.

                        nu?n ou]ke<ti ginw<skomen. 

                        Even if we have known Christ after the flesh, yet

                        now no longer do we know him.

201. 2 Cor 5:17  ei@ tij e]n Xrist&?, kainh> kti<sij:                                 III.3

                        If anyone [is] is Christ, [he is] a new creation.      

202. 2 Cor 7:8  ei] kai> e]lu<phsa u[ma?j e]n t^?  e]pistol^?, ou]                   I.

                        metame<lomai: ei] kai> metemelo<mhn . . . nu?n

                        xairw, . . .

                        Even if I grieved you in the letter, I am not sorry.

203. 2 Cor 7:8, 9. ei] kai> metemelo<mhn . . . nu?n xai<rw, . . .                       I.

                        Even if I was sorry. . . I now rejoice. . .

204. 2 Cor 7:8  (ble<pw o!ti h[ e]pistolh> e]kei<nh ei] kai> pro>j w!ran          I.

                        e]lu<phsen u[ma?j),

                        (I see that that letter did grieve you, even if [it

                        was] for an hour)

205. 2 Cor 7:12  ei] kai> e@graya u[mi?n, ou]x e!neken . . . a]ll ] . . .                I.

                        Even if I wrote to you, [it was] not for the

                        sake of . . . , but. . . .

206. 2 Cor 7:14  ei@ ti au]t&? u[pe>r u[mw?n kekau<xhmai ou]                         I.


                        If I have boasted any to him about you, 1 was

                        not put to shame.




207. 2 Cor 8:12  ei] ga>r h[ proqumi<a pro<keitai, kaqo> e]a>n e@x^       III.3

                        eu]pro<sdektoj, ou] kaqo> ou]k e@xei. 

                        If the readiness is present, [one is] accepted

                        according to . . .

208. 2 Cor 10:7  ei@ tij pe<poiqen e[aut&?  Xristou? ei#nai, tou?to        III.3

                        logize<sqw pa<lin e]f ]  e[autou? o!ti kaqw>j au]to>j

                        Xristou? ou!twj kai> h[mei?j.

                        If anyone is convinced that he himself belongs to

                        Christ, let him reckon. . . that just as he [is] of

                        Christ so also [are] we.

209. 2 Cor 11:4  ei] me>n ga>r o[ e]rxo<menoj a@llon  ]Ishou?n khru<ssei   III.2

                        o{n ou]k e]khru<camen, h} pneu?ma e!teron lamba<nete

                        o{ ou]k e]la<bete, h} eu]agge<lion e!teron o{ ou]k

                        e]de<casqe, kalw?j a]ne<xesqe.

                        If the one who comes preaches another Jesus. . .

                        or you receive another spirit. . . or another

                        gospel. . . you put up with it well.

210. 2 Cor 11:6  ei] de> kai>  i]diw<thj t&? lo<g& a]ll ]  ou] t^? gnw<sei,       III.4

                        Even if [I am] a non-expert in speech, yet [I am]

                        not [such] in knowledge.

211. 2 Cor 11:15  ou] me<ga ou#n ei] kai> oi[ dia<konoi au]tou?                       I.

                        metasxhmati<zontai w[j dia<konoi dikaiosu<nhj,

                        [It is] no great thing if his servants also trans-

                        form themselves as servants of righteousness. . .

212. 2 Cor 11:20  a]ne<xesqe ga>r ei@ tij u[ma?j katadouloi?, ei@ tij        III.2

                        katesqi<ei, ei@ tij lamba<nei, ei@ tij e]pai<retai, ei@

                        tij ei]j pro<swpon u[ma?j de<rei.

                        You put up with it if someone. . . devours you

                        . . . takes advantage. . . lifts himself up . . . slaps

                        you in the face.

213. 2 Cor 11:30  Ei] kauxa?sqai dei?, ta> th?j a]sqenei<aj mou               III.2


                        If it is necessary to boast I will boast of the things

                        which pertain to my weakness.

214. 2 Cor 12:11  ou]de>n ga>r u[ste<rhsa tw?n u[perli<an a]posto<lwn,      I.

                        ei] kai> ou]de<n ei]mi:

                        I have fallen short not at all of the super-

                        apostles, although (even if) I am nothing.

215. 2 Cor 12:15  ei] perissote<rwj u[ma?j a]gapw?, h$sson a]gapw?mai;      I.

                        If I love you very much, am I loved the less?

216. Gal 1:9  ei@ tij u[ma?j eu]aggeli<zetai par ]  o{ parela<bete,            III.2

                        a]na<qema e@stw.

                        If anyone preaches as gospel to you [something]

                        beyond what you received, let him be anathema.

                        BOYER: FIRST CLASS CONDITIONS                              105


217. Gal 2:14  Ei] su>  ]Ioudai?oj u[pa<rxwn e]qnikw?j kai> ou]xi>        III.4

                         ]Ioudai*kw?j z^?j, pw?j ta> e@qnh a]nagka<zeij


                        If you being a Jew live like gentiles and not like

                        Jews, how do you compel the gentiles to live as


218. Gal 2:17  ei] de> zhtou?ntej dikaiwqh?nai e]n Xrist&?            III.4

                        eu[re<qhmen kai> au]toi> a[martwloi<, a#ra Xristo>j

                        a[marti<aj dia<konoj; mh< ge<noito.

                        If while we seek to be justified in Christ we

                        ourselves were discovered [to be] sinners, [is]

                        Christ a minister of sin?

219. Gal 2:18  ei] ga>r a{ kate<lusa tau?ta pa<lin oi]kodomw?,          III.4.

                        paraba<thn e[mauto>n sunista<nw.

                        If I build again the things I had tom down, I

                        constitute myself a transgressor.

220. Gal 2:21  ei] ga>r dia> no<mou dikaiosu<nh, a@ra Xristo>j          II.

                        dwrea>n a]pe<qanen.

                        If righteousness [is] through law, then Christ

                        died for nothing.

221. Gal 3:4   tosau?ta e]pa<qete ei]k^?; ei@ ge kai> ei]k^?.                     III. 3

                        Did you suffer so many things in vain? If indeed

                        [it was] in vain.

222. Gal 3:18  ei] ga>r e]k no<mou h[ klhronomi<a, ou]ke<ti e]c                II.


                        If the inheritance [is] from law, [it is] no

                        longer from promise.

223. Gal 3:29  ei] de> u[mei?j Xristou?, a@ra tou?  ]Abraa>m spe<rma        III.3

                        e]ste<, kat ]  e]paggeli<an klhrono<moi.

                        If you [belong] to Christ, then you are

                        Abraham's seed. . .

224. Gal 4:7  ei] de> ui[o<j,  kai> klhrono<moj dia> qeou?.                           I.

                        If [you are] a son, [you are] also an heir through God.

225. Gal 5:11  e]gw> de<, a]delfoi<, ei] peritomh>n e@ti khru<ssw, ti<        II.

                        e@ti diw<komai;

                        If I am still preaching circumcision, why am I

                        still being persecuted?

226. Gal 5:15  ei] de> a]llh<louj da<knete kai> katesqi<ete, ble<pete     III.4.

                         mh< u[p ] a]llh<lwn a]nalwqh?te.

                        If you bite and devour one another, watch out

                        that you are not consumed by one another.

227. Gal 5:18  ei] de> pneu<mati a@gesqe, ou]k e]ste> u[po> no<mon.            III.3

                        If you are being led by the Spirit, you are not

                        under law.



228. Gal 5:25  ei] zw?men pneu<mati, pneu<mati kai> stoixw?men.    III.4

                        If we are living by the Spirit, let us also walk

                        by the Spirit.

229. Gal 6:3  ei] ga>r dokei? tij ei#nai< ti mhde>n w@n, frenapat%?     III.5


                        If anyone thinks that he is something when he is

                        nothing, he is deceiving himself.

230. Eph 3:2  ei@ ge h]kou<sate th>n oi]konomi<an th?j xa<ritoj tou?     I.

                        qeou? th?j doqei<shj moi ei]j u[ma?j,

                        [I say this] if indeed you have heard of the

                        administration. . . given to me . . .

231. Eph 4:20-  u[mei?j de> ou]x ou!twj e]ma<qete to>n Xristo<n, ei@ ge     I.

                     21  au]to>n h]kou<sate kai> e]n au]t&? e]dida<xqhte,

                        You did not learn Christ in this manner, if

                        indeed you have heard him and have been

                        instructed in him.

232. Eph 4:29 a]lla> ei@ tij a]gaqo>j pro>j oi]kodomh>n th?j xrei<aj,        I.

                        But if [there is] anything good for edifying. . .

                        [let it be named. . . ].

233. Phil 1:22  ei] de> to> zh?n e]n sarki<, tou?to< moi karpo>j e@rgou:       III.2

                        If [it is] to live in the flesh, this [will mean] a

                        fruit of labor for me.

234. Phil 2:1, 2  Ei@ tij ou#n para<klhsij e]n Xrist&?, ei@ ti                  I.

                        paramu<qion a]ga<phj, ei@ tij koinwni<a pneu<matoj,

                        ei@ tij spla<gxna kai> oi]ktirmoi<, plhrw<sate< mou

                        th>n xara>n

                        If [there is] any comfort. . . if any consolation

                        . . . if any sharing. . . if any compassion. . .

                        fulfill my joy. . .

235. Phil 2:17   a]lla> ei] kai> spe<ndomai e]pi> t^? qusi<% kai>           III.2

                        leitourgi<% th?j pi<stewj u[mw?n, xai<rw kai>

                        sugxai<rw pa?sin u[mi?n:

Even if I am being poured out as a drink

                        offering on the sacrifice and service of your

                        faith, I rejoice. . .

236. Phil 3:4  ei@ tij dokei? a@lloj pepoiqe<nai e]n sarki<, e]gw>        I.


                        If anyone else thinks it well to have confidence

                        in flesh, I (can do so) more.

                        BOYER: FIRST CLASS CONDITIONS                              107


237. Phil 3:8-11  a]lla> menou?nge kai> h[mou?mai pa<nta zhmi<an ei#nai  III.325

                        . . . ei@ pwj katanth<sw ei]j th>n e]cana<stasin

                        th>n e]k nekrw?n.

                        I consider all things to be loss. . . if perhaps

                        I may arrive unto the resurrection of the dead.

238. Phil 3:15  kai> ei@ ti e[te<rwj fronei?te, kai> tou?to o[ qeo>j             III.4

                        u[mi?n a]pokalu<yei:

                        If you think something otherwise, God will

                        reveal even this to you.

239. Phil 4:8  ei@ tij a]reth> kai> ei@ tij e@painoj, tau?ta logi<zesqe:     I.

                        If [there is] any virtue and if [there is] any

                        praise, consider these things.

240. Col 1:22-23  nuni> de> a]pokathlla<ghte . . . ei@ ge e]pime<nete    III.3

                        t^? pi<stei teqemeliwme<noi kai> e[drai?oi kai> mh>

                        metakinou<menoi a]po> th?j e]lpi<doj tou? eu]aggeli<ou

                        ou$ h]kou<sate,

                        But now you have been reconciled. . . if indeed

                        you remain in the faith. . .

241. Col 2:5  ei] ga>r kai> t^?? sarki> a@peimi, a]lla> t&? pneu<mati        I.

                        su>n u[mi?n ei]mi,

                        Even if I am absent in the flesh, yet I am with

                        you in spirit.

242. Col 2:20  Ei] a]peqa<nete su>n Xrist&?  a]po> tw?n stoixei<wn    III.3

                        tou?  ko<smou, ti< w[j zw?ntej e]n ko<sm&

                        dogmati<zesqe, . . .

                        If you died with Christ. ..why, as though living

                        . . . do you submit to regulations. . . ?

243. Col 3:1  Ei] ou#n sunhge<rqhte t&? Xrist&? ta> a@nw zhtei?te,     III.3

                        If you were raised together with Christ, seek the

                        things above.

244. I Thess 4:14  ei] ga>r pisteu<omen o!ti  ]Ihsou?j a]pe<qanen kai>       I.

                        a]ne<sth, ou!twj kai> o[ qeo>j tou>j koimhqe<ntaj dia>

                        tou?  ]Ihsou? a@cei su>n au]t&?.

                        If we believe that Jesus died and rose, so also

                        God will bring with him those. . .


            25 Not strictly a conditional sentence (the apodosis does not depend on the

protasis). Actually it seems to be an elliptical way of expressing an uncertain purpose:

"I count. . . loss, in order that, if possible, 1 may attain. . . ."

108                             GRACE THEOLOGICAL JOURNAL


245. 2 Thess 1:5, 7  ei]j to> kataciwqh?nai u[ma?j th?j basilei<aj tou?     I.

                        qeou?, . . . ei@per di<kaion para> qe&? a]ntapodou?nai

                        toi?j qli<bousin u[ma?j qli?yin kai> u[mi?n toi?j

                        qlibome<noij a@nesin meq ] h[mw?n

                        That you be considered worthy. . . if indeed [it

                        is] a righteous thing with God to repay. . .

246. 2 Thess 3:10  ei@ tij ou] qe<lei e]rga<zesqai mhde> e]sqie<tw.           III.4

                        If anyone does not want to work, let him not eat.

247. 2 Thess 3:14  ei] de< tij ou]x u[pakou<ei t&? lo<g& h[mw?n dia> th?j    III.4

                        e]pistolh?j, tou?ton shmeiou?sqe,

                        If anyone does not hearken to our word through

                        the letter, mark such. . .

248. I Tim 1:10  kai> ei@ ti e!teron t^? u[giainou<s^ didaskali<%         III.4


                        And if there is anything else contrary to sound

                        teaching [the law is for it] (Cf. v. 9)

249. I Tim 3:1  ei@ tij e]piskoph?j o]re<getai, kalou? e@rgou e]piqumei?   III.4

                        If anyone aspires to the office of overseer, he

                        desires a good work.

250. I Tim 3:5  ei] de< tij tou? i]di<ou oi@kou prosth?nai ou]k oi#den,     III.5

                        pw?j e]kklhsi<aj qeou?  e]pimelh<setai;

                        If anyone does not know how to preside over his

                        own house, how shall he take care of the church

                        of God?

251. I Tim 5:4  ei] de< tij xh<ra te<kna h} e@kgona e@xei,                      III.2

                        manqane<twsan prw?ton to>n i@dion oi#kon eu]sebei?n

                        If any widow has children or grand-children, let

                        them learn first to practice piety at home. ..

252. I Tim 5:8   ei] de< tij tw?n i]di<wn kai> ma<lista oi]kei<wn ou]       III.4

                        pronoei?tai, th>n pi<stin h@rnhtai kai> e@stin

                        a]pi<stou xei<rwn.

                        If anyone does not provide for his own. . . he

                        has denied the faith and is worse than an


253. I Tim 5:9,10  Xh<ra katalege<sqw . . . ei] e]teknotro<fhsen, ei]    III.4

                        e]cenodo<xhsen, ei] a[gi<wn po<daj e@niyen, ei]

                        qlibome<noij e]ph<rkesen, ei] panti> e@rg& a]gaq&?


                        Let a widow be enrolled. . . if she has reared children,

                        . . . shown hospitality. . . washed. . .assisted. . . followed. . .

254. I Tim 5:16  ei@ tij pisth> e@xei xh<raj, e]parkei<tw au]tai?j,        III.2

                        If any [woman] believer has widows, let her

                        assist them.

                        BOYER: FIRST CLASS CONDITIONS                              109


255. 1 Tim 6:3, 4  ei@ tij e[terodidaskalei? kai> mh> prose<rxetai    III.4

                        u[giai<nousin lo<goij, . . . tetu<fwtai, . . .         

                        If anyone teaches otherwise and does not agree

                        with sound words. . . he is puffed up . . .

256. 2 Tim 2:11  ei] ga>r sunapeqa<nomen, kai> suzh<somen:          III.3

                        If we have died with [him], we shall also live

                        with [him].

257. 2 Tim 2:12  ei] u[pome<nomen, kai> sumbasileu<somen:             III.3

                        If we endure, we shall reign with [him].

258. 2 Tim 2:12 ei] a]rnhso<meqa, ka]kei?noj a]rnh<setai h[ma?j:     III.4

                        If we deny [him], he also will deny us.

259. 2 Tim 2:13 ei] a]pistou?men, e]kei?noj pisto>j me<nei,                 III.4

                        If we are unfaithful, he remains faithful.

260. Titus 1:5-6  i!na . . . katasth<s^j kata> po<lin                       III.4

                        presbute<rouj, . . . ei@ ti<j e]stin

                        a]ne<gklhtoj, . . .                 

                        In order that. . . you may establish elders

                        . . . if any is above reproach. . .

261. Phlm 17  Ei] ou#n me e@xeij koinwno<n proslabou? au]to>n         I.

                        w[j e]me<.

                        If you hold me as a partner, receive him as [you

                        would] me.

262. Phlm 18  ei] de< ti h]di<khse<n se h} o]fei<lei, tou?to e]moi>            I.


                        If he has wronged you or owes you anything,

                        charge this to me.

263. Heb 2:2, 3  ei] ga>r o[ di ] a]gge<lwn lalhqei>j lo<goj e]ge<neto     I.

                        be<baioj, . . . pw?j h[mei?j e]kfeuco<meqa

                        thlikau<thj a]melh<santej swthri<aj;

                        If the word spoken through angels was sure. . .

                        how shall we escape. . . ?

264. Heb 3:11  Ei] ei]seleu<sontai ei]j th>n kata<pausi<n mou.           II.26

                        [May something terrible happen to me] if they

                        shall enter my rest.

265. Heb 4:3  Ei] ei]seleu<sontai ei]j th>n kata<pausi<n mou.           II.26

                        Same as preceding (Heb 3:11; cf. Mk. 8:12).

266. Heb 4:5  Ei] ei]seleu<sontai ei]j th>n kata<pausi<n  mou.          II.26

                        Same as preceding (Heb 3:11; cf. Mark 8:12).


            26 An elliptical Semitic idiom expressing an oath. cf. Mark 8:12.



267. Heb 6:9  Pepei<smeqa de> peri> u[mw?n, a]gaphtoi<, ta>                    I.

                        krei<ssona kai> e]xo<mena swthri<aj, ei] kai> ou!twj


                        We are persuaded of better things concerning

                        you. . . even if we speak thus.

268. Heb 7:15  kai> perisso<teron e@ti kata<dhlo<n e]stin, ei] kata>       I.

                        th>n o[moio<thta Melxise<dek a]ni<statai i[ereu>j


                        This is still more abundantly clear, if another

                        priest arises after the likeness of Melchizedek.

269. Heb 9:13-14  ei] ga>r to> ai$ma tra<gwn kai> tau<rwn . . . a[gia<zei    I.

                        . . . po<s& ma?llon to> ai$ma tou? Xristou?, . . .

                        kaqariei? th?n sunei<dhsin h[mw?n . . .

                        If the blood of bulls and goats. . . sanc-

                        tified . . . much more shall the blood of

                        Christ. . . cleanse your conscience. . .

270. Heb 12:8  ei] de> xwri<j e]ste paidei<aj h$j me<toxoi gego<nasin   III.3

                        pa<ntej, a@ra no<qoi kai> ou]x ui[oi< e]ste.

                        If you are without chastening. . . then you are

                        illegitimate and not sons.

271. Heb 12:25  ei] ga>r e]kei?noi ou]k e]ce<fugon e]pi> gh?j                         I.

                        paraithsa<menoi to>n xrhmati<zonta, polu>

                        ma?llon h[mei?j oi[ to>n a]p ]  ou]ranw?n


                        If they did escape who. . . much more we [shall

                        not escape] who. . .

272. Jas 1:5  Ei] de< tij u[mw?n lei<petai sofi<aj, ai]tei<tw para>      III.3

                        tou? dido<ntoj qeou? pa?sin a[plw?j kai> mh>

                        o]neidi<zontoj, kai> doqh<setai au]t&?.

                        If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask. ..

273. Jas 1:23  ei@ tij a]kroath>j lo<gou e]sti>n kai> ou] poihth<j,      III.3

                        ou$toj e@oiken a]ndri> katanoou?nti to> pro<swpon

                        th?j gene<sewj au]tou? e]n e]so<ptr&:

                        If anyone is a hearer of the word and not a doer,

                        he is like. . .

274. Jas 1:26  Ei@ tij dokei? qrhsko>j ei#nai, mh> xalinagwgw?n      III.3

                        glw?ssan au]tou?  a]lla> a]patw?n kardi<an au]tou?,

                        tou<tou ma<taioj h[ qrhskei<a. 

                        If anyone thinks that he is religious while not

                        bridling his tongue. . . this man's religion [is]


                        BOYER: FIRST CLASS CONDITIONS                              111


275. Jas 2:8  ei] me<ntoi no<mon telei?te basiliko>n kata> th>n        III.427

                        grafh<n,  ]Agaph<seij to>n plhsi<on sou w[j

                        seauto<n, kalw?j poiei?te:

                        If you are accomplishing the royal law . . . , you

                        do well.

276. Jas 2:9  ei] de> proswpolhmptei?te, a[marti<an e]rga<zesqe,    III.427

                        But if you show partiality you are working sin.

277. Jas 2:11  ei] de> ou] moixeu<eij, foneu<eij de<, ge<gonaj              III.4.

                        paraba<thj no<mou.                       

                        If you do not commit adultery but you commit

                        murder, you have become a law-breaker.

278. Jas 3:2  ei@ tij e]n lo<g& ou] ptai<ei, ou$toj te<leioj a]nh<r,      III.4

                        If anyone does not stumble in word, this [is] a

                        mature man.

279. Jas 3:3  ei] de> tw?n i!ppwn tou>j xalinou>j ei]j ta> sto<mata         I.

                        ba<llomen ei]j to> pei<qesqai au]tou>j h[mi?n, kai>

                        o!lon to> sw?ma au]tw?n meta<gomen.

                        If we put bits into the mouths of horses. . . , we

                        control their whole body.

280. Jas 3:14  ei] de> zh?lon pikro>n e@xete kai> e]riqei<an e]n t^?           III.4

                        kardi<% u[mw?n, mh> katakauxa?sqe kai> yeu<desqe

                        kata> th?j a]lhqei<aj.

                        If you have bitter jealousy and strife in your

                        heart, do not boast and lie against the truth.

281. Jas 4:11  ei] de> no<mon kri<neij, ou]k ei# poihth>j no<mou          III.4

                        a]lla> krith?j.          

                        If you judge the law, you are not a doer of the

                        law, but a judge.

282. I Pet 1:6  o]li<gon a@rti ei] de<on  [ e]sti>n ] luphqe<ntej        III.228

                        Being grieved now for a little while, if it is


283. I Pet 1:17  Kai> ei] pate<ra e]pikalei?sqe to>n                     III.3

                        a]proswpolh<mptwj kri<nonta kata> to> e[ka<stou

                        e@rgon, e]n fo<b& to>n th?j paroiki<aj u[mw?n xro<non


                        If you call upon the father. . . live out the time

                        of your sojourn in fear.


            27 a. vv 8, 9; pair of alternative possibilities.

            28 Not a complete sentence; the protasis is an idiomatic parenthetic explanation.



284. I Pet 2:2-3 a@dolon ga<la e]pipoqh<sate, . . . ei] e]geu<sasqe          III.3

                        Desire the milk. . . if you have tasted that the

                        Lord is good.

285. I Pet 2:19  tou?to ga>r xa<rij ei] dia> sunei<dhsin qeou?              III.429

                        u[pofe<rei tij lu<paj pa<sxwn a]di<kwj.

                        This [is] grace, if someone for the sake of

                        conscience toward God bears sorrow, suffering


286. I Pet 2:20  poi?on ga>r kle<oj ei] a[marta<nontej kai>                   III.429

                        kolafizo<menoi u[pomenei?te;

                        What credit [is there], if you endure when you sin

                        and are punished?

287. I Pet 2:20  a]ll ]  ei] a]gaqopoiou?ntej kai>  pa<sxontej

                        u[pomenei?te, tou?to xa<rij para> qe&?.  

                        But if you endure when you are doing good and

                        suffer, this [is] grace in God's eyes.

288. I Pet 3:1  i!na kai> ei@ tinej a]peiqou?soin t&? lo<g& dia> th?j tw?n     III.3

                        gunaikw?n a]nastrofh?j a@neu lo<gou


                        In order that, even if some [husbands] disbelieve

                        the word, they may be won without the word. . .

289. I Pet 4:11  ei@ tij lalei?, w[j lo<gia qeou?:

                        If anyone speaks [let him speak] as the oracle

                        of God.

290. I Pet 4:11  ei@ tij diakonei?, w[j e]c i]sxu<oj h#j xorhgei? o[ qeo<j:        III.4

                        If anyone serves [let him do it] as from the

                        strength which God supplies.

291. I Pet 4:14  ei] o]neidi<zesqe e]n o]no<mati Xristou?,                             III.2


                        If you are reproached in the name of Christ,

                        [you are] blessed.

292. I Pet 4:16  ei] de> w[j Xristiano<j, mh> ai]sxune<sqw,                       III.2

                        If [anyone suffers] as a Christian, let him not be


293. I Pet 4:17  ei] de> prw?ton a]f ] h[mw?n, ti< to> te<loj tw?n                       I

                        a]peiqou<ntwn t&? tou? qeou? eu]aggeli<&;

                        If [judgment begins] first from us, what [shall

                        be] the end of those. . . ?

294. I Pet 4:18  ei] o[ di<kaioj mo<lij s&<zetai, o[ a]sebh>j kai>                     I.

                        a[martwlo>j pou? fanei?tai;

                        If the righteous man is saved with difficulty,

                        where shall the ungodly and sinner appear?


            29 Cf. vv 19, 20; set or three alternative possibilities.

                        BOYER: FIRST CLASS CONDITIONS                              113


295. 2 Pet 2:4-9  Ei] ga>r o[ qeo>j a]gge<lwn a[marthsa<ntwn ou]k     I.

                        e]fei<sato, . . . kai> a]rxai<ou ko<smou ou]k

                        e]fei<sato, . . . kai> po<leij Sodo<mwn kai> Gomo<rraj

                        tefrw<saj kate<krinen, . . . oi#den ku<rioj eu]sebei?j

                        e]k peirasmou? r[u<esqai, . . .

                        If God did not spare angels. . . did not spare the

                        old world. . . condemned cities of Sodom . . .

                        delivered Lot. . . the Lord knows how to deliver

                        the godly. . .

296. 2 Pet 2:20  ei] ga>r a]pofugo<ntej ta> mia<smata tou? ko<smou e]n    III.4

                        e]pignw<sei tou? kuri<ou  [ h[mw?n ] kai> swth?roj  ]Ihsou?

                        Xristou? tou<toij de> pa<lin e]mplake<ntej h[ttw?ntai,

                        ge<gonen au]toi?j ta> e@sxata xei<rona tw?n prw<twn.

                        If, having escaped the defilement of the

                        world. . . and again having become entangled,

                        they are overcome, the last state [is] worse than

                        the first.

297. 1 John 3:13  mh> qauma<zete, a]delfoi<, ei] misei? u[ma?j                       I.

                        o[ ko<smoj.

                        Do not be surprised, brethren, if the world

                        hates you.

298. 1 John 4:11   ]Agapthtoi<, ei] ou!twj o[ qeo>j h]ga<phsen h[ma?j,        I.

                        kai> h[mei?j o]fei<lomen a]llh<louj a]gapa?n.

                        Beloved, if God so loved us, we also ought to

                        love one another.

299. 1 John 5:9  ei] th>n marturi<an tw?n a]nqrw<pwn lamba<nomen,     I.

                        h[ marturi<a tou? qeou? mei<zwn e]sti<n, 

                        If we receive the testimony of men, the

                        testimony of God is greater.

300. 2 John 10  ei@ tij e@rxetai pro>j u[ma?j kai> tau<thn th>n                 III.2

                        didaxh>n ou] fe<rei, mh> lamba<nete au]to>n ei]j

                        oi]ki<an kai> xai<rein au]t&? mh> le<gete:

                        If anyone comes to you and does not bring this

                        teaching, do not receive him into your house. . .

301. Rev 11:5  kai> ei@ tij au]tou>j qe<lei a]dikh?sai, pu?r                     III.4

                        e]kporeu<etai e]k tou? sto<matoj au]tw?n kai>

                        katasqi<ei tou>j e]xqrou>j au]tw?n:

                        If anyone wants to harm them, fire goes forth

                        . . . and devours. . .

302. Rev 11:5  ei@ tij qelh<sei au]tou>j a]dikh?sai, ou!twj dei?            III.4

                        au]to>n a]poktanqh?nai.

                        If anyone will want to harm them, he must be killed thus.

303. Rev 13:9  Ei@ tij e@xei ou$j a]kousa<tw.                                     III.3

                        If anyone has an ear let him hear.



304. Rev 13:10  ei@ tij ei]j ai]xmalwsi<an, ei]j ai]xmalwsi<an u[pa<gei: III.2

                        If anyone [is] for captivity, into captivity he goes.

305. Rev 13:10  ei@ tij e]n maxai<r^ a]poktanqh?nai, au]to>n e]n            III.2

                        maxai<r^ a]poktanqh?nai.

                        If anyone [is] to be killed with a sword, [it is

                        necessary] that he be killed with a sword.

306. Rev 14:9  Ei@ tij proskunei? to> qhri<on kai> th>n ei]ko<na             III.4

                        au]tou?, kai> lamba<nei xa<ragma . . . kai> au]to>j

                        pi<etai e]k tou? oi@nou . .  kai> basanisqh<setai . . .

                        If anyone worships the beast. . . he also shall

                        drink of the wine of God's wrath. . . and shall be

                        tormented . . .

307. Rev 14:11  kai> ei@ tij lamba<nei to> xa<ragma tou? o]no<matoj    III.4


                        And if anyone receives the mark. . . [he too has

                        no rest].

308. Rev 20:15  kai> ei@ tij ou]x eu[re<qh e]n t^? bi<bl& th?j zwh?j          III.3

                        gegramme<noj e]blh<qh ei]j th>n li<mnhn tou? puro<j.

                        If anyone was not found written in the book of

                        life he was cast into the lake of fire.




This material is cited with gracious permission from:

            Grace Theological Seminary

            200 Seminary Dr.

            Winona Lake,  IN   46590

Please report any errors to Ted Hildebrandt at: