Gordon College                                                                    Dr. Ted Hildebrandt

BL 202 Greek II (4)                                                             Office:  MacD 111

Spring, 2015                                                                          Phone:  ext 4412

Office Hours:  Usually in 8:00-11:00 and 1:00-2:00 MWF                 

                           Usually in 8:00-12:00 TR           
Daily:             thildebrandt@gordon.edu


1.  Course Description:   Greek II will provide students with a foundational

understanding of New Testament Greek (Koine) phonology, morphology,

syntax and vocabulary.  Its goal is to develop the ability to begin reading

the Greek text of the New Testament with some facility. After finishing the

last elements of grammar, we will focus on building a strong vocabulary

and then work on translating and mastering 1 John 1-5 and perhaps John 1-
            3 in Greek.  The basic tools for Greek exegesis will be identified and
            utilized in projects designed to illustrate a variety of approaches to unleash
            the leaning of the Greek text of the New Testament. 


2.  Objectives:   the student will be able to


            1)  review the morphology of nouns, verbs (tenses and voices), pronouns,

adjectives, participles and the vocabulary from the first semester of


            2)  complete the syntactic foundations of Greek with a mastery of the

                        subjunctives, infinitives, imperatives, and mi verbs, and revisit in

                        depth the grammar of the case system for the datives and genitives

            3)  translate and sight-read the Greek of 1 John 1-5 and John 1-3

            4)  begin working with intermediate categories of grammar on

                        the word, clause and sentence levels of meaning and then on to

                        discourse level analysis

            5)  gain experience translating and applying the principles of intermediate

                        grammar for a closer more nuanced reading of the text

            6)  explore many of the tools available for doing Greek exegesis

                        (Theological Dictionary of the New Testament,

                        Bible Works software, eSword, BAGD, Colin Brown, etc.)


3.      Course Textbooks


Required:  Everything will be provide either on CD or online

1) Greek New Testament:   Nestle-Aland Novum Testamentum Graece
(see Amazon; $39.39) 28th edition.

            Or American Bible Societies UBS Greek New Testament ($39.50,
                         4th ed.) [UBS=United Bible Societies] text edited by Bruce
            or online Westcott-Hort-Robinson text for free—this is what

            we will use in class via the Workbook.

            A Reader’s Greek New Testament by Richard Goodrich and

                        Albert Lukaszewski (Zondervan, $20 no textual variants
                        listed vocab for words 30x or less notes are very helpful for
                        general reading).  

            Stay away from interlinear texts. 

            Some use the ESV-Greek English New Testament Nestle-Aland 28th
                        edition ($29.48)

2) Hildebrandt, Ted.  Mastering New Testament Greek (Baker Book House)


 (with 1 Jn and Jn 1-5 easy reader, etextbook, eworkbook and
            elexicon).  There is an easy reader interactive version that I think
            is pretty handy but I’m biased…


3 Useful tools:

                        Kubo, Sakae.  A Reader's Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament

                              (Grand Rapids:  Zondervan, 1975). 

                        Bible Works CD-ROM concordancing program; and/or The Exhaustive

                                    Concordance to the Greek NT:  Goodrich, Swanson, Kohlenberger

                                    or Englishman’s Concordance; once you use Bible Works you’ll

                                    never want to use a book concordance again (ca. $350).  Logos

                                    and Accordance also have similar programs which you may

                                    consult for comparison.
                        Logos Software is the new gold standard.  Bible Works is aging and
                                    Logos is dominating the market.  The problem is it is very
                                    expensive.  The benefit is a whole substantial theological
                                    library is available which is accessible from laptop to IPad to
                                    Phone.  Incredibly useful for a lifetime and movement into
                                    the digital library space. Always wait to buy on sale.

                        Bauer, Walter; William Arndt; F. Wilbur Gingrich and F. E. Danker.  A

                             Greek- English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early

                             Christian Literature  (Chicago:  The University of Chicago Press,

                             1957).   (ca $125) -- I have produced a reader’s elexicon which is

                                    available on your CD.  Eventually you will want to purchase

                                    this classic lexicon.  Too expensive.
                        Check out eSword online for a free version of the Greek text and
                                    searchable.  http://www.e-sword.net/

                        Accordance:  www.Accordancebible.com; from $59 to $2,000 and
                                    $300 for original languages unit.  Mac favorite. Easy to use.
                                    Logos is more gold standard now.


            Vocabulary Builders:

Trenchard,  Warren.  The Student's Complete Vocabulary Guide to

the Greek New Testament (Grand Rapids:  Zondervan, 


                        Mastering NT Greek Vocabulary Builder (the web site has these
                                    in audio format with background music in *.mp3 format).
                                    Also available online.  Textbook p. 406ff has vocab. Builder
                                    down to 9x in batches of 10 words in each group.


4.  Course Process


            Daily Reading

                        We will finish the Mastering NT Greek grammar at the rate of

about one chapter per week.   You will be expected to read,

complete the workbook exercises and master the content of those

chapters progressively for each class period.   After finishing

Mastering NT Greek we will begin reading the New Testament



Daily Workbook Assignments

            The exercises from eworkbook will be collected during each class

period.  You should have written out the answers, be ready to ask

questions and/or discuss your responses to the exercises during each

class period. 

            Later we will focus on three things: 
                        1) building a strong vocabulary,
                        2) exploring Greek exegetical tools [lexicons, dictionaries,
                                    etc.], and
                        3) reading and mastering 1 Jn 1-5 and perhaps John 1-3. 

The daily assignments will be due on the day of discussion and

late work is accepted, with a decrease in grade, only one week after

it is due.



We will be entering the second level of Greek.  One of the major

hindrances to the pure enjoyment of Greek is the lack of a      comprehensive vocabulary.  We will work on building your

vocabulary of Greek to 500 words.  Internet and CD-ROM resources

have been built to help you with your mastery of the word lists to

take you beyond the vocab of Mastering NT Greek



            There will be three exams (two exams and a final).  The first will be

over all the material in Mastering NT Greek (grammar and vocab). 

The second exam will be over the class readings, vocabulary builder

and advanced grammar concepts. The third final exam will be over

grammar, readings (1 Jn and Jn) and vocabulary.   


Late work

            If a quiz is missed there will be one week to make it up if excused.

Unexcused missed quizzes can also be made up with a 20% point

deduction.  The exams also must be taken on time unless

previously arranged with the instructor.  Late workbook exercises

will also be counted automatically as a check minus.   No workbook

assignments will be accepted if they are over one week late.



            Any cheating or plagiarizing of material will result in an automatic

failure of the entire course.  It is expected that those studying the

New Testament in Greek embrace standards of integrity fitting for

followers of Christ.


            Class Participation and Attendance:  Active participation in class is

expected. Attendance will be taken and one's participation level in

reading, working in pairs, groups and corporately noted by the

instructor.   This is a journey we are taking together.  Some will

want to travel faster and others will struggle with every step.  I'm

hoping we can help each other so that all make the stated goals. 

Endurance and persistence are two major attributes needed in

acquiring Greek.  For those that like a faster pace, extra credit is

available via working on projects with the prof.  This grade will be

based objectively on class attendance records and the prof's

subjective evaluation of levels of participation.



            Course Accommodation for students with learning disabilities.
Gordon College is committed to assisting students with documented

                        disabilities (See Academic Catalog Appendix C for documentation

                        guidelines). A student with a disability who may need academic

                        accommodations should follow this procedure:
            1.     Meet with a staff person from the Academic Support Center (Jenks

                        412, X4746) to:
                        a)     make sure documentation of your disability is on file in the

                        b)    discuss the accommodations for which you are eligible,
                        c)     discuss the procedures for obtaining the accommodations, and
                        d)    obtain a Faculty Notification Form.
            2.     Deliver a Faculty Notification Form to each course professor within

                        the first full week of the semester; at that time make an appointment                                     to discuss your needs with each professor.
                        Failure to register in time with your professor may compromise our                          ability to provide the accommodations. Questions or disputes about                              accommodations should be immediately referred to the Academic                             Support Center. See Grievance Procedures available from the                            ASC.


Tentative Course Grading


                        Written homework exercises                                             10%

                        Class Participation & Attendance                                     10%

                        Quizzes                                                                                  40%

                        Exams            (2x)                                                                            20%

                        Final Exam                                                                            20%


Grading Scale: the course grades will be curved but this is where I will start

100-96                       A                     85-83              C+                    

95-94                           A-                    82-75              C                    

93-91              B+                   74-70              C-

90-88                           B                     69-65              D

87-86              B-                    65-0                F


4.  Tentative Course Assignment Schedule


            Jan. 14 W       Introduction to the Course.

                                    Review Grammar (Nouns, Adjectives, Pronouns, Indicative

                                    Verbs; participles and infinitives),
                                    Review Vocab:  chs 1-19


            Jan. 16 F        Quiz over Vocab chs. 1-19  (Chs. 1-10 English to Greek;
                                                11-19 Greek to English)

            Jan. 21 W       Quiz over chants for chapts. 1-19


Jan. 23 F        Introduction:  Ch. 20 Aorist Participles

                                    Do eWorkbook ch. 20 for Monday


Jan. 26 M       Workbook ch. 20 due on Aorist Ptc.
                        Review Chants and vocab units 28-38

Jan. 28 W       Quiz chapters 20 + Chs. vocab and chants

                                    Pecking around reading of John 1


Jan. 30 F        Introduce chapter 21 Perfect Participles
 Do the homework for ch. 21 for Monday

Feb. 2  M        Go over eworkbook for ch. 20 Perfect Ptc.
                        Review Vocab. & chants


Feb. 4 W        Quiz on ch. 21 + Chs. Vocab and chants

                                    Pecking around reading of John 1

            Feb. 6 F          Introduce ch. 22 Infinitives 
                                    Do homework for ch. 22 for Monday

            Feb. 9 M         Go over eworkbook ch. 22 Infinitives

                                    Review Vocab. & chants


            Feb. 11 W      Quiz on ch. 22 + Chs. Vocab and chants
                                    Pecking around reading of John 1

            Feb. 13 F        Introduce ch. 23  Subjunctive
                                    Do homework for ch. 23 for Monday

            Feb. 16 M      Go over eworkbook ch. 23 Subjunctives

                                    Review Vocab. & chants

            Feb. 18 W      Quiz on ch. 23 + Chs. Vocab and chants
                                    Pecking around reading of John 1

            Feb. 20 F        Exam over all Vocab. Chants, translations and parsings from 
                                    chs. 19-23


            Feb. 23 M      Introduce ch. 24  Imperatives
                                    Do homework for ch. 24 for Weds.

            Feb. 25 W      Go over eworkbook ch. 24 Imperatives

                                    Review Vocab. & chants

            Feb. 27 F        Quiz on ch. 24 + Chs. Vocab and chants
                                    Introduce Ch. 25 The Mi Verbs
                                    Do homework for ch. 25 the Mi verbs for Monday

            Mar 2 M         Go over eworkbook ch. 25 mi verbs

                                    Review Vocab. & chants


            Mar 4 W         Quiz on ch. 25 + Chs. Vocab and chants
                                    Introduce Ch. 26 Numbers
                                    Do homework for ch. 26 Numbers for Monday after break

            Mar 5 F – Mar 15:  No class [Quad Exams and Spring Recess]


            Mar 16 M       Go over eworkbook ch. 26 mi verbs

                                    Review Vocab. & chants


            Mar 18 W      Quiz on ch. 26 + Chs. Vocab and chants
                                    Pecking around reading of John 2


            Mar 20 F        Introduce ch. 27  Comparatives
                                    Do homework for ch. 27 for Mon.


            Mar 23 M       Go over eworkbook ch. 27 Comparatives

                                    Review Vocab. & chants


            Mar 25 W      Quiz on ch. 27 + Chs. Vocab and chants
                                    Pecking around reading of John 3


            Mar 27 F        Introduce ch. 28  Case Revisited
                                    Do homework for ch. 28 for Mon.


            Mar 30 M       Go over eworkbook ch. 28 Case Revisited

                                    Review Vocab. & chants


            April1 W        Quiz on ch. 28 + Chs. Vocab and chants
                                    Pecking around reading of John 3

            April 3 - 6 Easter Recess

            April 8 W       Review chs. 1-28


            April 10 F      Exam over all chants, vocab and chs. 24-28 translation
                                    and parsing


April 13 M     1 John 1:1-5 read/parse/translate

                                    Switch to Vocab Builder over units 1-39


            April 15 W    1 John 1:6-10 read/parse/translate;
                                    Master Vocab Unit 40


            Apr 17 F         Quiz on 1 John 1 and Vocab Units 1-40 


            April 20 M     1 John 2:1-10

                                    Master Vocab Unit #41

            Apr 22 W       1 John 2:11-20

                                    Master Vocab Unit #42

            Apr 24 F         1 John 2:21-29, read/parse/translate
  Master Vocab Unit #43


            Apr 27 M       Quiz 1 John 1-2:29 read/translate/parse; Hunt style quiz

Review Vocab Units #1-43, Chants


            Apr 29 W       Reading 1 John 3:1-12
                                    Master Vocab Unit #44

            May 1 F          Reading 1 John 3:13-24

                                    Master Vocab Unity 45

May 4 M        Quiz 1 John 1:1-3:24 read/translate/parse; Hunt style quiz
                                    Review Vocab Units #1-45, Chants


            May 6 W        Exam 3a:  Vocab Final:  Units 1-45, chants

May 8 F          Exam 3b:  Exam sight read 1 John 1-3;
                                                know the chapter [Hunt style], parsing

Final exam is scheduled for May 8 (Fri.) at 2:30-4:30.



5.  Bibliography taken from the Mastering NT Greek CD-ROM,


Concordancing and Reading Software:

      Bible Works 8.0 available at www.bibleworks.com (ca $350).  Was the

            best.  This tool has over 10 English versions (many Spanish, German
            etc) as well as Greek (NT and LXX) and Hebrew parsed texts. 

This one tool will carry you for the rest of our life in both Greek and

Hebrew.  It is available from:  Hermeneutika, Dept.  BRO-2001, 

Bigfork,  MT  59911-2200  USA or tel:  406-837-2244.  

It is available for you to freely explore in the Language Computer lab in

the Library. Accordance for the mac and Logos are also in this market.
      eSword (free) resource.  Logos now has discourse level analysis which
      is unique and takes the electronic resources to another level.  Logos is
      a life-long tool its only drawback is its price.


Introductory Grammars


           Eleftheriades, Olga.  Modern Greek:  A Contemporary Grammar (Palo

     Alto, CA:  Pacific Books, 1985).  Modern Greek grammar. 

               * Hildebrandt, Ted.  Mastering NT Greek 2002.  CD-ROM for Windows

     3.1/95/98/XP.  Teaches the first year of Greek grammar with

     sound and interactive multimedia exercises.   The new version

     contains an etextbook, eworkbook, elexicon as well as an

     interactive vocab builder down to all the words used more than

     9x in the NT.

                 Machen, J. Gresham.  New Testament Greek for Beginners (Toronto:  The

                             Macmillan Company, 1923).   It is pedagogically superb and has been

                             used effectively to teach many generations of students Greek. 

                             Somewhat dated now. 

                Mounce, William D.  Basics of Biblical Greek (Grand Rapids:  Zondervan

                              1993).  It is well researched.  The introductions of each chapter stress

                              the significance of the chapter.  It carefully motivates students.

                              Stresses nouns first and leaves the verb until chapter 15 unfortunately.

                 Stevens,  Gerald.  New Testament Greek.  New York:  University of America

                              Press, 1997.

                 Summers, Ray.  Essentials of New Testament Greek (Nashville:  Broadman

                              & Holman Publishers, 1995).  A concise introduction to first year

                              Greek.  Easy to use with clear brief descriptions of grammatical


                 Wenham, J. W.  The Elements of New Testament Greek (Cambridge: 

                              Cambridge University Press,  1970).  Easy to use but does not teach




              *  Bauer, Walter; William Arndt; F. Wilbur Gingrich and F. E. Danker [BDAG]

                               A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early

                               Christian Literature  (Chicago:  The University of Chicago Press,


                Hildebrandt, Ted.  New Testament Greek eLexicon.  (Wenham:  2002).

                Louw, Johannes and Nida, Eugene eds.  Greek-English Lexicon of

                               the New Testament Based on Semantic Domains.  2 vols.  2d ed. 

                               (New York:  United Bible Societies, 1989). 

                Pring, J. T.  The Oxford Dictionary of Modern Greek (Oxford:  Clarendon

                               Press, 1982).  Modern Greek dictionary.


       New Testament Text: 

                Aland, Kurt et al., eds.  The Greek New Testament (4rd ed) (Stuttgart: 

                            United Bible Societies, 1993).

                Nestle, Eberhard and Nestle, Erwin.  Novum Testamentum Graece

                            (Stuttgart:   Deutsche Biblestiftung, 1979). 



       Reading Aids:   

                  Alsop,  J. R.  An Index to the Revised Bauer-Arndt-Gingrich Lexicon

                                   (Grand Rapids:  Zondervan, 1981).

                   Bushell, Michael.  Bible Works 4.0 CD-ROM (Hermeneutica, 1996).

                * Kubo, Sakae.  A Reader's Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament

                                    (Grand Rapids:  Zondervan, 1975). 

                  Rienecker, Fritz.  A Linguistic Key to the Greek New Testament

                                     (Grand Rapids:   Zondervan, 1976). 



             Vocabulary Building Word Lists:


                   Hildebrandt, Ted.   Mastering NT Greek Vocabulary Builder (Jan. 2003

                                    Web:  www.interactivefaith.com, Gordon, or CD-ROM)

                   Metzger, Bruce.  Lexical Aids for Students of New Testament Greek     

                                  (Princeton, NJ:  published by author, 1972). 

                   Trenchard, Warren.   Complete Vocabulary Guide to the Greek New

                                 Testament (Grand Rapids:  Zondervan, 1992).

                  Robinson, T. A.   Mastering Greek Vocabulary (Massachusetts: 

                                  Henrickson, 1990). 

                  Van Voorst,  R.E.  Building Your New Testament Greek Vocabulary

                                  (Grand Rapids:  Eerdmans, 1990).


              Intermediate Grammars:

                Barnwell, Katherine. Introduction to Semantics and Translation (SIL, 1980) 
                Dana, Harvey Eugene, and Julius R. Mantey.  A Manual Grammar of the

                            Greek New Testament  (NY:  Macmillan, 1957).  The older tradition of

                            Machen for beginning Greek and Dana/Mantey for Intermediate has

                            Been updated to Mounce for beginning Greek (Greek Tutor if you’re

                            Into computers) and Wallace for Intermediate.

                  Greenlee, J. Harold.  A Concise Exegetical Gammar of the New Testament

                            Greek  (Grand Rapids:  Eerdmans, 1963). 

                Levinsohn, Stephen.  Discourse Features of NT Greek (SIL International


                  Moulton, James H.  A Grammar of New Testament Greek  (Edinburgh: 

                            T & T Clark, 1906).

                  Moule, C.F. D.  An Idiom Book of New Testament Greek (Cambridge:

                            University Press, 1959).

                  Perschbacher,  Wesley.  New Testament Greek Syntax  (Chicago:  Moody

                            Press, 1995).

               *** Porter, Standley E.  Idioms of the Greek New Testament  (Sheffield,

                            England:  JSOT Press, 1992). 

                  Robertson, A.T., and W. Hersey Davis.  A New Short Grammar of the Greek

                            Testament  (NY:  Harper, 1933). –free online-vid. My website 1700

               ** Wallace, Daniel B.  Exegetical Syntax of the Greek New Testament (Grand

                            Rapids:  Zondervan, 1995).  Heavy but authoritative

                 Wallace, Daniel B.  The Basics of New Testament Syntax (Grand Rapids:

                            Zondervan, 2000).   Condensation of his Exegetical syntax., easier to


                  Young, Richard A.  Intermediate New Testament Greek:  A Linguistic and

                            Exegetical Approach  (Nashville:  Broadman & Holman, 1994).




                   Moulten, W. F.  and Geden, A.S.  A Concordance to the Greek Testament

                             (Greenwood, S.C.:  The Attic Press, Inc.,  1978).  

                   The Englishman’s Greek Concordance (Grand Rapids:  Zondervan, 1970


                   Goodrick, E. W., J. A. Swanson and J. Kohlenberger.  The Exhaustive

                        Concordance to the Greek New Testament (Grand Rapids:  Zondervan,



             Word Study Books:

                   Balz, Horst and Schneider, G.  Exegetical Dictionary of the New

                              Testament (Grand Rapids:   Eerdmans, 1993). 

                * Brown, Colin.   The New International Dictionary of New Testament

                              Theology (Grand Rapids:  Zondervan, 1978).  NIDNTT

                   Friedrich, Gerhard (ed.) and Bromiley, Geoffrey.   Theological Dictionary

                              of the New Testament (Grand Rapids:  Eerdmans, 1974).  TDNT


  6.  Basic Greek Library:  (in usual order of purchase)

* = your most likely next purchases


                        Mounce, William D.  Basics of Biblical Greek.  Grand Rapids:  Zondervan

                              1993 – and/or Greek Tutor CD-ROM. 

                        Aland, Kurt et al., eds.  The Greek New Testament.  4rd ed. Stuttgart: 

                              United Bible Societies, 1993.

                        Hildebrandt, Ted.   Mastering New Testament Greek.  CD-ROM or web

                        Kubo, Sakae.  A Reader's Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament.

                              Grand Rapids:  Zondervan, 1975. 

                        Bauer, Walter; William Arndt; F. Wilbur Gingrich and F. E. Danker.  A

                             Greek- English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early

                             Christian Literature (BAGD). Chicago:  The University of Chicago

                             Press, 1957.  

                     Wallace, Daniel B.  The Basics of New Testament Syntax.  Grand Rapids:

                            Zondervan, 2000.   Condensation of his Exegetical syntax.
                  **  _________ Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics: An Exegetical Syntax
                                    (more thorough; Classic, heavy one). Zondervan, 1996.

                        The Exhaustive Concordance to the Greek NT:  Goodrich, Swanson,

                                    Kohlenberger or Englishman’s Concordance or Bible Works CD-

                                    ROM concordance

                     *  Brown, Collin.   The New International Dictionary of New Testament

                              Theology (NIDNTT).  Grand Rapids:  Zondervan, 1978. 
                    * Logos Software (if you can afford it; lifelong investment)

                       Bible Works 8.0 ($350) software will replace the concordance and Sakae

                        Kubo reader and to some extent the BAGD lexicon.  Keep an eye

                        on the Logos software as they are trying to capture the Greek/Heb.

                        concordancing market and integrating it into their libronix library

                        system.  While I hate the pricing and tactics of Logos yet their “system”
                        can last you a life time.  It includes many major journals, commentary
                        sets, as well as morphological concordancing and now includes
                        discourse level indicators as well going well beyond simple morphology.


                        After first year Greek Wallace’s Grammar and Bible Works or Logos

                        software would be my next two Greek tools to purchase.  Bible Works or

                        Logos software does the Hebrew OT as well as Greek (NT/LXX). Logos
                        is better now but costs a lot but will last you a lifetime.



                                    Greek Resources:  reading aids (Kubo/BAGD Lexicon)

                                    Do a word study reading the section on foboj,

Fobew/fobeomai looking up the word in DBAG.

What kind of information is there? How could you

use this tool?  (PA 881 B38)


Continue your word study using: Colin Brown,  The New

International Dictionary of New Testament Theology (Grand

Rapids:  Zondervan, 1975-78).  Write one page on what you

found there.  BS/2397  NIDNTT

Because of the number taking

Greek please place the book back on the shelf immediately

after completing your work with it.


Use G. Kittel, Theological Dictionary of the New Testament

(trans. G. Bromiley)  (Grand Rapids:  Eerdmans, 1964-77).

Write one page on what you found there.  TDNT;  How

would you compare and contrast TDNT with NIDNTT?

                                    BS/2385.  Vocab Unit 44-45


                                    Continue your word study using:   Concordance Triad

                                    1) Englishman's Greek Concordance (Zondervan) BS/2341

                                    2) W. F. Moulton and A.S. Geden.  A Concordance to the

                                                Greek New Testament (T&T Clark, 1997).  BS/2302

                                    3) E. W. Goodrick, J.A. Swanson, J. Kohlenberger.

                                                The Exhaustive Concordance to the Greek NT

                                                (Zondervan, 1995). 

Using a concordance for doing a word study. What

concordances are available?
            What is the advantage of eSword? 
            How do you use eSword as a concordance?


                                    Write up 1 page semantic analysis (list, categorization,

results) of what you found as a result of your own study of the

NT text.  Do your own word study and compare/contrast

                                    with what you found in TDNT and NIDNTT both content

                                    wise and methodologically.