John:   Jesus is God

Intro:  John the Person

Very Jewish

Jewish religious beliefs: Jews/Samaritans (Jn 4:9, 19f)

Feasts: Hanukkah (Jn. 10:22)

Weddings and Funerals (Jn 2:1-10; ch. 11)

Temple cleansing (Jn. 2:17), later claims—Jerusalem focus

                                Mannaà I am the bread of life Jn, 6:31, 35, 51, 63 my words spirit & life

Palestinian

Topography awareness: Bethany, other side of Jordan (Jn 1:28)

Jerusalem: Bethesda, (Jn 5:2)

Temple: 46 yrs. to build (Jn 2:20)

Eyewitness

We beheld his glory: Jn. 1:14

Malchus’ ear cut off: Jn 18:10

Fish count—153 (Jn 21:11)

Exact Hour (Jn 1:29, 35, 39)

Eyewitness confirmations (Jn 19:35; 21:24; contra Luke 1:1-4)

Special Closeness to Christ—John’s not named

Disciple whom Jesus loved (Jn 21:20ff)

Peter and disciple –live forever? 21:23

Peter + disciple in Galilee fishing (Jn 21:7)

Outrunning Peter Jn. 20:2

At meal, special intimacy with Jesus

Last supper Jn 13:23

Take care of mother from cross Jn 19:26.

Peter+ John close association,

Transfiguration, Gethsemane, healing dead girl

Later in Acts healing cripple (Acts 3:1); Samaritans 8:14; before Sanhedrin 4:19;

Gal. 2:9 Paul lumps Peter, James and John together as pillars

Elimination procedure

John and 1 John relationship

1 Jn 3:14 We know that we have crossed over from death to life, because we love the brothers. The one not loving remains in death

John 5:24:  I tell you the truth, whoever hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life, he has crossed over from death to life.

Only in these two places

John & 1 John Relationship

Jn 16:24 Ask and you will receive, and your joy will be complete

1 Jn 1:4 We write this to make our joy complete.

Jn. 3:6, 8:  having been born of God=1 Jn 3:9; 5:1

Only these places

Revelation also by John (nikaw-overcomer; Rev. 2:7, 11; 1 Jn 2:13f; Jn 16:33)

Son of Zebedee—Galilee fisherman

John’s mother – Mat 27:56ff. –request…

Why 12 Apostles?

                Special situations with Jesus:

transfiguration, raising dead girl, Gethsemane

Son of Thunder Mk 3:17

External evidence Polycarp was his student, Polycarp was the teacher of Irenaeus famous early church father

Date

Late?  Theology?

Papyrus – early—P52—125 AD

Place – probably written at Ephesus

P52–John 18:31-33 (ca. 125 AD)

5 Purposes for Writing–BCGGS

Belief – Jn 20:30 / 3:16-- sign miracles

Water to wine Jn 2

Paralyzed man – Bethesda pool Jn 5

Feeding 5,000 Jn 6 – other gospels

Walks on water Jn 6 – other gospels

Man born blind  Jn 9

Lazarus raised Jn 11

Catch of fish Jn 21

Other discussions in John– Wine

Drunkenness is a sin: 1 Cor 6:9f; Gal. 5:19ff.

Results of drinking described—Prov 31:4f, 23:31ff

Wine as medicine: 1 Tim 5:23f, pain killer; disinfectant Lk 10:34 (Good Samaritan)

3 types of wine in Bible (OT) strong drink, wine, new wine

What the Bible does NOT teach: communion, abstinence

Wine for today--costs

Why I’m into a soft-abstinence—Eric, Karen, David…Monica

Further Reflections on Wine

Further thoughts:

All things lawful all thing not profitable 1 Cor 6:12

Weaker brother stumble Rom 14:21f

Doubt don’t Rom 14:23

Does it glorify God 1 Cor 10:31

Don’t go legalistic…

BCGGS:  Jesus is God

Errors of Cerinthus – Jesus a man on whom the spirit came, not God, rose only spiritually

Jehovah Witnesses:

And the Word was “a” God (Jn 1:1) Jesus was the son of God, created and hence inferior to Jehovah God.

Jn 14:28 Jesus says the father is greater than I;  cf. also 20:17.

Col. 1:15 Christ the firstborn of creation;

Matt 24:36 son doesn’t know the day

Diety statements in John? contra JW’s

Jn 1:1 Word was “a” God, New World Transl.

Greek, KJV, NIV, NASV, NLT, NRSV, NAB (logos: 1:14) Word/logos was God

Jn 8:58 Before Abraham I am—stone him;

Jn 9:38 blindman worships him, contrast
            Rev 19:10; 22:8f

Jn 10:30ff I and the Father are one—
            blasphemy

Jn 20:28 Thomas, “My Lord and my God”

Mark 1:2 you = me = Jehovah = Jesus (Mal 3:1f)

I am the Alpha & Omega = God Father, Beginning and End Rev 1:8, 21:3-7;

First and last = YHWH Isa 48:12; Rev 1:17f=Jesus

Alpha/Omega, First & Last, Beginning and End  = Jesus    Rev 22:13

Granville Sharp rule
2 Pet. 1:1 (cf. 1:11) & Tit 2:13
  The+Noun1+And [Kai]+Noun2
   Our God and Savior, Jesus Christ
   Our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ
    (Wallace, 122)   Noun1=Noun2

BCGGS: Character Portrayals

Nathaniel the skeptic

Nicodemus the religious quester insider

Woman of Samaria – outsider

Comparison Nick & Woman of Samaria

Nic: status: high                               Woman: low

Nic polite/Jesus abrupt;                  Jesus polite/woman abrupt

Nic asks questions,                          Jesus asks woman questions

Nic undecided???                            Womanè witness

Nic end of book                               Samaritans in Acts

Adulteress Pericope– text and message

Blind man –sees clearly, Pharisees blinded by Sabbath

Thomas the doubter?

Inquisitive Jn 14:5

Courageous Jn 11:16

Doubting –Jn 20:24f

                Glory / doxa

1:14  We beheld his glory

2:11 Cana wine: revealed his glory

11:4 Lazarus’ death:

Glory manifest through love 17:22-24

Synoptic Supplement

No childhood stories,

No genealogy

No temptation

No sermon on Mount

No parables

Judean ministry focus

Passion week focus

Last day focus (Jn 13-19)

When & Where: Judean ministry

Teaching of Christ:  I am—statements

                6:35  I am the bread of life;

                10:11 I am the good shepherd;

                11:25  I am the resurrection;

14:6  I am the way, truth, life

               15:5 I am the vine

Coming Holy Spirit – paraclete 16:13f

Father-Son relationship: Prayer 17:1

Characteristic words: agape, truly, truly, logos

Rich contrasts: light/darkness 1:4f

The disciple whom Jesus loved

Hunt = Lazarus;  Hildebrandt = John

Author: Hunt=John Elder; Hildebrandt = John