MATTHEW Acrostic: Apostling: Understanding
Understanding: Parables, Walking on water, leaven
Compare Mat 13:16f:
Note: Mark rebukes the disciples for not understanding; Matthew drops that and instructs
Question: How do you fit these together from the walking on water incident?
Compare Mat 14:33:
Pharisees’ Yeast: Mk 8:21
Compare Mat 16:12:
Little faith (oligopistoi) paralyzing disciple
Mat. 16:8f—lack of faith inhibits understanding—do you still not understand? Cf Mt 6:30//Lk 12:23f
Lack understanding of passion 16:21ff; 26:51f
Cost of Discipleship
What is the cost of
discipleship?—Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Columbine, Nigeria, Iraq, Egypt, Libya
[21 Coptic Christians beheaded, 2/15/15]
True disciples will suffer rejection, persecution, hatred (Mat 10:23f, 34f)à not peace but sword
Forsaking/leaving attachments: Rich young ruler (Mat 19:16ff)
Denying oneself/loosing one’s
life/crucifixion: (Mat. 16:24-26)-imitatio
Imitation of Christ—Thomas à Kempisà
If anyone would come after me, he must deny himself and take up his cross and follow me. … (16:24)
What does Matthew teach about false apostles/disciples?
Mixture: Parable of Tares 13:24ff
Faith or works? Mat 7:21-22 not every one who says Lord, Lord will enter the kingdom of heaven, but only he who does the will of my Father who is in heaven.
Sheep and Goats: Mat 25:41ff—on what basis let into kingdom—did it to the least of these did it to me—self-deception
Important Question: Am I a Christian?
Theology of Jesus
How does Matthew see Jesus?
Teacher-wisdom: you have heard it said but I say….; one greater than Solomon (12:42) my words never pass away 24:35.
Christ=greater Moses parallels
5 discourse sections of Matt. = new law (DeSilva)
Infants slain by king at birth
Flight out of Egypt
Meeting God on a mountain
Transfiguration: Moses & Elijah
Healer: Therapeutic [Mt 8-9] / non-therapeutic miracles [5,000; walks water]
Deity: 1) Immanuel: birth, 2) Mt. 18:20 where two or three gather, 3) great commission with them unto the end of the age. Inclusio
Peter walking on water--You are son of God (14:28, 33) Job 9:8; Ps 89:9; 107:29; 65:7.
Kingship and the kingdom of heaven: genealogy, victory over Satan, Lord of the Sabbath; Son of David 9x in Mt: DVD = 14
Prominence of the kingdom in Matthew (3 proofs)
Jesus/John’s preaching: repent for kingdom of heaven is near (Mat 3:1; 4:17)
Beatitudes: inclusio: blessed are .. theirs is the kingdom of heaven. 5:3; 5:10
32 times uniquely used in Matthew
Kingdom of heaven or kingdom of God: Already, but not yet
The knowledge of the secrets of the kingdom of heaven has been given to you (Mt. 13:11) metonymy –compare Mk 4:11
Eschatological kingdom expectations: Davidic rule, Israel back in the land, peace
Already: Imminence/near: Mt 3:2/5:20; 12:28; Lk 17:21
Entrance repentance/belief: Mt 21:31
Kingdom parables: Sower, Tares; future=13:50, sheep/goats
Reversal: upside down kingdom Mat 19:30à20:1-2,à16; 25-28.
Future kingdom: end, thy kingdom come (Mt. 6:9f); Son of Man coming (24:36;
39f) left behind
What does Mt. 16:28 mean? Transfiguration? Resurrection? Pentecost?
Spread of gospel: 24:14; already=6:25f; 33f?