Matthew’s Gospel: Christ is the King, son of David
Matthew’s Story: Matthew Acrostic
M ethodical: Intertextual cf. Mk/Lk/James
A postling (Discipleship)
T heology of Christ & kingdom
T ime: past/present/future kingdom
H ebrew orientation
E xtensive (non-Jewish aspect)
Matthew’s story unique features:
How does Matthew differ from Mark?
How does Matthew differ from Luke?
Point is: unique material indicates his take on Jesus
Methodical Matthew and Mark
Develops brief statements of Mark
Temptation Mk 1:12-13 –-> Mat 4:1-11
Why would Matthew develop it? Jesus=new Israel
Preaching of the kingdom: Mk 1:14f
Matt. develops it in SoM for 3 chapters;
Jesus = new Moses
Why would Matthew do more with Jesus’ words and Mark with Jesus works?
Audience: Mark Roman, Matthew Jewish
Jesus as the New Moses: 5 Teaching Discourses
“When Jesus finished” (7:28; 11:1; 13:53; 19:1; 26:1)
Condenses Mark’s Miracles
Gerasene demoniac—Mat 8/Mk 5
326 words in Mark, --1 demoniac
134 in Mat. –2 demoniacs
Jesus Walking on water:
Mk 6:45-52; 139 words,
Mat. 14:22ff 101 adds Peter walking on
water and instructional lesson for Peter— falls in; little faith
Methodical: compare Mat/Luke
Mat. gathers what Luke scatters (SoM)
Mt 5:13 Salt of world Lk 14:34
Mt 5:15 Candle covered Lk 8:16
Mt 6:22 light body is eye Lk 11:34
Mt. 7:7 ask –receive Lk 11:9
What does that say about the narrative and chronology?
Mat. Topical – Luke more chronological
Matthew compared with James
James 1:12 Blessed is a man who
perseveres under trial
Mat 5:10f. Blessed are those who have been persecuted for the sake of righteousness
James 1:23: For if anyone is a
hearer of the word and not a doer, he is like a man who looks at his natural
face in the mirror..
Mat. 7:26 Everyone who hears these words of mine and does not act on them, will be like a foolish man who built his house on sand.
James 5:12 But above all, my
brethren, do not swear, either by heaven or by earth or with any other oath;
but your yes is to be yes, and your no, no, so that you may not fall under
Mat 5:34ff: But I say to you, make no oath at all….but let your statement be “Yes, yes” or “No, no”;
Matthew’s story: Apostling
Apostling (sent one): Discipleship theme
How does one begin to be an disciple of Jesus?
Peter the consummate disciple:
Why so many unique stories of Peter:
Walking on water—little faith 14:28ff
Get behind me Satan—16:21
Temple tax– 17:24ff
3x Denial –26:69ff
What are the key qualities of a true disciple of Christ?
Peter as Consummate Disciple
Rabbi’s: students sought teachers
not = Jesus, he goes to them
Ordinary people in the midst of
life Mat 4:18f casting nets, not super-stars, leave fishing and follow
Jesus—contrast Rich Young Ruler – Matt. 19 // Mk 10:21
Mat 6:24—God and money; Matt. Called 9:9 tax-collector
Obedience: Chs. 1-2, 28 –Importance
Who is the focus in ch. 1? Joseph or Mary? –Joseph instructed à obedient 1:24
Magi—why the magi? not elsewhere (Gentiles; Abrahamic covenant fulfilled; Gen. 12)
Joseph—going to Egypt instructions—Jesus=new Israel --
Herod?– fulfills Scripture (even he)—2:16ff
Great commission: inclusio-Nations (Gen. 12)
Student like teacher: Mt 10:24f imitatio
Mat 23:3-5 obey what they say, do not do what they do
Brotherhood not hierarchy (Mat 23:8f)— all brothers, humility not= power, etc, flat organizational structure, not hierarchy, servant leadership –upside down kingdom--WUD
What separated the wise and foolish man (house on rock/sand) Mat 7:24fà
Who are my family à disciples? Mat 12:49—
How does “righteousness” play
into discipleship (two big convergent themes in Matthew)?
How do we prove that? 3 following examples
Question: What is the difference between these next two verses?—Lk. 12:31 and Mat. 6:33à
1) Luke 12:31: But seek his kingdom, and these things will be added to you as well.
Compare Mat 6:33:
But seek first his kingdom and his righteousness and all these things
will be given to you as well.
Note the linking of righteousness and the kingdom
2) Luke 6:22: Blessed are you when
men hate you, when they exclude you and insult you
…because of the Son of Man
Compare Mat 5:10: Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness.
3) Luke 6:21 Blessed are you who hunger now, for you will be satisfied
Compare Mat 5:6:
Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they
will be filled.
How do you account for the differences?
Better righteousness à head to
Mat 5:27f: adultery à
Mat 5:21f: murder à
Mat 12:36 accountable at judgment for every word
do what they say not as they do (Mat 23:3ff)
Core righteousness: love God / love neighbor