COLLECTIONS

 

OF THE

 

MASSACHUSETTS  HISTORICAL  SOCIETY.

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                          Committee of Publication.

 

                             GEORGE  E. ELLIS.

                             WILLIAM H. WHITMORE.

                             HENRY WARREN TORREY.

                             JAMES RUSSELL LOWELL.

 

 

 

 

Electronic Version Prepared by

Dr. Ted Hildebrandt  4/6/2002

Gordon College, 255 Grapevine Rd.

Wenham, MA. 01984


 

 

 

 

 

COLLECTIONS

 

OF  THE

 

MASSACHUSETTS   HISTORICAL  SOCIETY.

 

 

 

Vol.  VI.  -- FIFTH  SERIES.

 

 

 

 

 

 

BOSTON:

PUBLISHED  BY  THE  SOCIETY.

M.DCCCLXXIX

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UNIVERSITY PRESS:

JOHN WILSON AND SON, CAMBRIDGE.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SECOND EDITION.

 


PRE FACE.

 

     THE Publishing Committee herewith presents to the Society

the second volume of the Diary of Samuel Sewall, Printed from

the Manuscript in its Cabinet.  The text of the volume in-

cludes the period from January 14, 1699-1700, to April 14,

1714.  Another volume in print will complete the publication

of the manuscript Diary.  The Judge's Letter-Book will furnish

the materials for a fourth volume.

     The Committee has continued the same system of annotating

the text which was adopted in the first volume.  Resisting the

prompting or opportunity to explain or illustrate the many in-

teresting references which the Judge makes to matters of his-

torical importance, to an extent which would expand the notes

beyond the text, the method pursued, as the reader will observe,

has been restricted to occasional comments, and to genealogical

and local particulars and references, without quoting authorities

easily accessible to the students of our history. The connection

between Judge Sewall's family and that of Governor Dudley

evidently embarrassed the former, alike in his official position as

a magistrate, and in making entries in his diary concerning mat-

ters in which they were occasionally at variance.  That Sewall

should also have drawn upon himself the hostility of Cotton

Mather, who, with his father, the President of the College, was

in violent feud with Dudley, may help to show the perplexities

of the Judge's position and course even when he seems to have

tried to act as a moderator or an umpire.  The Committee has

therefore thought it advisable to reprint three very rare pam-

phlets which, as fully presenting matters of bitter strife in rela-

tion to the parties just named, will make annotation upon it

unnecessary.  A few fragmentary and miscellaneous papers in

Sewall's hand precede these Tracts.

      As the indices of names at the close of the volumes are neces-

sarily so crowded, tables of the notes in both of them are here

given for convenience of reference.

                                                                                                EDS.


  TABLE  OF  CONTENTS  OF  NOTES.

                                   VOL. I.

 

PAGE                                                              PAGE

1. Biographical.                                                68. River Euphrates.

3. Urian Oakes.                                                70. King James II. proclaimed.

5. John Bowles.                                                71. Apsoon.

5. Fessendens.                                      71. Francis Bond.

7. Woodbridge.                                                71. Revision of the laws.

7. Batters.                                                        72. Sewall's walk around Beacon

8. Sewall's birth-place.                                      Hill.

8. Thomas Parker.                                            76. Benjamin Eliot.

9. Almanacs.                                                    86. Veal and Graham, the pirates.

10.    "                                                              87. Colonel Piercy Kirk.

11.    "                                                              89. George Monk and the Blue An-

12.    "                                                                          chor Tavern.

15. James, the printer.                           92. Adams and Richards families.

16. Almanacs.                                                  98. Rev. Laurence Vandenbosk.

24.     "                                                             104. Lady Alice Lisle and the Ushers.

25. Tempore post meridian                             105. Thanksgivings and Fasts.

28. Boston fire.                                                 106. Rev. George Burroughs.

31. John Reyuer, Jr.                                          108. James Mudge.

32. Almanacs.                                                  108. Susanna Vertigoose and the

33.    "                                                                          Mother Goose fable.                

37. Coney's Street or Lane.                              108. Roxbury Gate.

38. Thomas Lake.                                            112. Francis Stepney.

43. Almanacs.                                                  112. John Odlin.

45. Antapologia.                                               119. Peter Butler.

47. Robert Walker.                                          122. Mather's " Arrow against Danc-

48. Almanac.                                                                ing."

56. Death of Mrs. Brattle.                                 126. Execution of James Morgan.

59. Hull's house.                                               130. Rev. Thomas Cheever.

60. Governor Endicott's house.                         133. Warner Wesendunk.

161. Bellingham's lot.                            141. Fictitious letters of Rev. Rob-

62-65. Cotton-Hill and other Hull                                 ert Ratcliffe.

            lands.                                                   143. The form of taking an oath.

68. Election day.                                               145. William Johnson.

 

 


ii        TABLE  OF  CONTENTS  OF  NOTES  IN  VOL. I.

 

PAGE                                                              PAGE

147. Cotton's arguments about the                    212. Elizabeth Woodmansey

 cross.                                                  213. Deodat Lawson.

148. Rev. Samuel Lee and his family.    219. Sir William Phips's chaplain.

152. David Jeffries.                                           221. Sir William Phips's house.

153. Mr. Brightman.                                         229. Letter to Rev. Increase Mather

155. Charles Morton.                                                    from S. Sewall.

158. Thomas Jenner.                                        231. The King's chapel,

160. Town House of Boston.                            249. Election of a mayor of London.

162. Madam Taylor.                                         250. Cotton Mather's sermons.

167. Shrove Tuesday.                                       251. Lord Wharton.

168. Elijah Corlet.                                            252. Thomas Papilliori.

168. Preservation of the Colonial                      253. Lockier's Monument.

Records.                                              255. Richard Wharton.

169. Hez. Usher's house.                                  256. "Considerations," &c., a politi-

170. Anthony Stoddard.                                               cal pamphlet.

170. Daniel Gookin.                                         261. The revolution at Boston.

174. Summary of Andros's govern-                   263. Abraham Kick's letter.

ment.                                                    263. Penny posts.

177. Richard Walker.                                       264. Thomas Saffin's epitaph.

179. Robert Walker.                                        266. Theophilus Pool.

182. Wan [or Wanton or Harris].                      269. "New England Convention," a

182. Allerton's Point.                                                    pamphlet.

182. Andrew Bordman.                                    270. The quaternion.

183. Affray at Charlestown.                              270. Botanical Garden at Chelsea.

186. Blackstone's Point.                                   291. The Faneuils.

186. King James's first Declaration                    293. Sewall's notes in England, from

of Indulgence.                                                   an almanac.

186. Benjamin Eliot.                                         309. Tho. Johnson, and other pirates.

189.  Piscataqua River and Hobbs's                  311. Attack upon Schenectady.

Hole.                                                    315. Woodstock named by Sewall.

190. Mr. Gibbs.                                               315-317. Commissioners for the war.

190. Disturbances about taxes.                         320. Sewall's letter about the war.

192. Lady Andros.                                           321. Sir William Props's expedition.

193. Sir William Phips.                                     322. Captain Frary.

193. Woodcock's Inn.                                      324. Samuel Green, Jr., the printer.

194. The fort on Fort Hill.                                 332. First Boston newspaper.

196. Wing's Tavern or the Castle                      334. Indian chiefs.

Tavern.                                                 336. Governor Menevall, of Acadie.

197. Colonel Robert Gibbs's house.                  340. Captain Francis Johnson.

198. Edmund Randolph's suit against     350. John Nelson.

Increase Mather.                                  355. Mrs. Hamlen.

202. Governor Andros's house.                        356. Mrs. Elisa Pool.

203. Lady Andros's tomb.                                358. Salem witchcraft.

203. Sir William Phips.                                     360. The Council Records.

206. Michael Shaller.                                        361. Captain John Alden.

209. Rev. Increase Mather's escape                  362. Newton incorporated.

from Boston.                                        364. Giles Corey.


TABLE  OF  CONTENTS  OF  NOTES  IN  VOL. I.         iii

 

PAGE                                                              PAGE

368. Oyer and Terminer.                                  439. Cotton Mather's proclamation

373. Law relating to ministers.                           for a fast.

376. Mehitable, meaning of the                         442. An act to incorporate Harvard

name.                                                               College.

377. Wheeler's Pond.                                       442. The cold winter of 1696.

378. Boston Common.                                     445. The witchcraft delusion.

379. Elisha Cooke.                                           447. Rev. John Harvard.

386. Non-resident representatives                     452. Richard Wilkins.

forbidden.                                             453. Blue Bell and Indian Queen I

389. "Whig and Torey;" a pam-                                    taverns.

phlet.                                                    455. Neals of Braintree.

394. Phips's administration.                               456. Hezekiah Usher's will.

395. Sarah; meaning of the name.                      457. Salt works on Boston Neck.

395. William Stoughton.                                    458. Discovery of limestone.

400. Corunna.                                                  460. Rev. John Cotton, Jr.

401. Wheeler's pond and Sewall's                     461. Blue Anchor tavern.

trees.                                                    464. Rev. John Higginson.

402. Colonel Archdall.                          470. Boston Sconce and the North

404. Sir William Phips's monument.                               Battery.

405. Driving a nail or pin.                                  474. Sewall's town-offices.

406. Symond's estate called Argilla.                  474. Seth Perry.

407. Marriage with a deceased wife's    477. Richard Coote, Earl of Bello-

sister.                                                               monte

412. Sewall's house.                                         478. The Province House.

414. Thomas Maule.                                         480. An Indian College at Cam-

424. Shrimpton family.                                      bridge.

425. Eliot family; estates and suits.                    482. The Wishing Stone on Boston

427. Vagum.                                                                Common.

429. Laws to be accepted by the                      482. Wait-Still Winthrop.

Crown.                                                 488. Colonel Romer.

430. Dr. Benjamin Bullivant.                             491. Huguenot church in Boston.

430. Association to sustain King                       496. William Paterson.

William.                                                496. John Borland.

430. Rev. William Veazie.                                 499. Nathaniel Higginson.

431. Navigation Act.                                        506. The Virginals.

431. Rev. George Burroughs.               506. Brattle Street manifesoo.

432. Mrs. Martha Oakes.                                 507. Mrs. Elizabeth Rowe.

433. Captain Chubb's surrender.                                   mela.

433. Association to sustain King                       508. Measurements of Sewall's lands.

William                                                 509. Flavel's sermons

 


 

 

 

 

 TABLE  OF  CONTENTS  OF  NOTES.

 

                               VOL. II.

 

 

PAGE                                                              PAGE

1. Joseph Arnold.                                             52. Thomas Venner.

2. Andrew Rivet.                                              55. Euphrates.

3. Manifesto Church.                                        57. Penelope Bellingham.

3. Andrew Hamilton.                                        58. Thomas Povey.

3. William Kidd.                                               58. George Keith.

5. Mary Belcher.                                              60. Richard Sibbes.

6. Rev. Thos. Thornton.                                    61. Mrs. Rock.

6. James Gillam.                                               62. Land of Nod.

7. Kidd's treasure.                                            68. Anthony Checkley.

10. Sunday at Plymouth.                                   70. Magnalia.

11. Rev. John Cotton.                                       72. Vigo Bay.

13. John Toland.                                               74. Rev. Jabez Fox.

16. Anti-slavery tract.                           76. Holliston farm.

21. Love-letter.                                                84. College Corporation.

23. Frary family.                                               90. Excise troubles.

23. Arnold family.                                             95. Newport Jews.

24. Guy Fawkes's Day.                                    97. Accord pond.

24. Francis Hudson.                                         98. Gibbs family.

25. Joseph Eliot.                                               100. Boston News-Letter.

27. Cushing family.                                           104. Captain Larrimore.

31. John Usher,                                                106. Trial of Pirates.

32. Turell.                                                         113. Brightman's pasture.

33. Earl of Bellomont.                           117. Mary Tuthill.

35. Ancient and Honorable Artil-                      117. Zadori.

lery Company.                          118. Richard Wilkins.

39. Lieutenant-Governor Stoughton.                 119. Grave-yards.

40. Council Supreme.                                       120. Emmons family.

40. Colonel Romer.                                          121. Sewall's portrait.

43. Sir Constantine Phips.                                 125. George Lason.

43. Richard Wilkins.                                         126. Dudley's escape.

45. Crown officers.                                           128. Trees planted.

48. John Joyliffe.                                               129. Hull Street.


ii                 TABLE OF CONTENTS OF NOTES IN VOL. II.

 

PAGE                                                              PAGE

129. Dudley arms.                                            234. Dana's brook.

130. Balston family.                                          239. Samuel Clap.

132. Rev. Michael Wigglesworth.                     242. Thomas Odell.

133. Captain's islaud.                                        260. Acadie.

134. John Bonner.                                            261. Mohawk chief.

140. Euphrates.                                                261. Gabriel Bernon.

142. Colonel Vetch.                                         263. Whiting's oration.

143. Marriage laws.                                          264. Robert Reynolds.

144. Dudley's quarrel with some                       265. French war.

countrymen.                                          267. Ashurst family.

148. Roger Mompesson.                                  269. Cold day.

149. Sir Charles Hobby.                                   269. Thomas Lechmere.

154. Salutation tavern.                          272. John Hubbard.

154. Caucus.                                                    286. King's Chapel enlarged.

158. Meeting-house Hill.                                   288. Previous question.

159. Green-Dragon Tavern.                              294. Fifty-eighth Psalm.

169. Blackstone's river.                                    300. Foster family.

169. Simeon Stoddard.                                     306. Marriage with deceased wife's

170. Thomas Child,                                                      painter sister.

171. Rev. James Bayley.                                   308. North burying-ground.

174. Bellomont's house.                                    309. Old- Fortification on Boston

175. Spare-rib.                                                             Neck, &c.

176. Banbury cakes.                                         313. Admiral Walker and the Ex-

177. Caryl on Job.                                                        pedition against Quebec.

180. Mary Eliot.                                               320. Holyoke family.

182. Williams's Captivity.                                  320. Tremont Street.

184. Lydia Lowder.                                          323. Great Fire of 1711.

188. Sir John Davie.                                         324. Mary Ardell.

189. Port Royal attacked.                                 326. Poole family.

192. Mrs. Leverett.                                          338. Newbury Episcopalians.

196. John Jekyll.                                               350. Wade family.

197. Bellingham estate.                                     353. Pest-house.

198. First magistrate born in New                     355. William Whiston.

England.                                               358. Lynde family.

199. Dudley tracts.                                           360. Whetcomb family.

203. Hutchinson family.                                     366. Legal-tender Act.

205. Winthrop tomb.                                        368. James Oborn.

208. Mather's letters.                                        371. Mather's Circular.

210. Mellows family.                                        374. Eunice Williams.

211. Coney family.                                           379. Mock-sermon.

212. Indian converts.                                        380. Import of slaves.

217. Private fast-day.                                       384. Bread-riot.

219. Arthur Mason.                                          386. Anniversary week.

220. Countryman.                                             392. Sewall's book on Prophecies and

225. Boston streets.                                                      poem.

232. Quaker meeting-house.                             396. Salutation tavern.

233. Byfield family.                                           399. Jeffries family.


TABLE OF CONTENTS OF NOTES IN VOL. II.              iii

 

PAGE                                                              PAGE

404. Colonel Banks.                                         415. Phillips fami1y.

406. Mrs. Cotton Mather.                                416. Hopkins legacy.

408. Copp's Hill.                                              417. Bowling-Green.

410. Fitch family.                                              419. Alchitny or occamy.

413. An angel.                                      419. Lord's-Day travel.

413. Bowdoin family.                            428. Sewall's interest in the Indians.

414. Bennet family.                                           437. Richard Sarson.


 

               MISCELLANEOUS  ITEMS.

 

    [Miscellaneous Entries on the Cover of the Journal.]

 

     [The reference is to the "Bill" put up by Sewall on the Fast Day,

Jan., 1697. See p. 445.]

     See p. 159 of this booke.

     P. 163. Mr. Rogers, May 1697.

                             [Sept. 26, 1686.]

     America p. 48.

[References to his Captaincy of the Artillery Company.]

244. 6.

Mr. Cotton 168.

Sup'r Court

      Comons Address against Profaneness &c agreed to Nemine con-

 tradicente.  Feb. 15. 97. pag. 221.  Bill about regulating the Press,

rejected, p. 225-21 Feb. 1697, p. 246. Feby. 16. 170 2/3.

    

     A Bill to naturalize the Children of such officers and Souldiers,

and others, the natural born subjects of this Realm, who have been

born, abroad, during the war; the Parents of such children having

been in the service of this Government, read a 2d time and comitted.

 

 

     Mr. Eyre's Son dyed Apr. 18. 1700.

     1697.  June, 1.  Mr. Thomas Graves buried.

                                                                                      weigh'd

fol. 244 [?]

 


8*               MISCELLANEOUS  ITEMS.

 

July 4.  Mr. Moodey dyes.

November 8. Mr. Saml. Hooker, Farmington.

Decr 12. Mr. John Baily dies         Brothers children fol. 245 Feb. 3,

Jany 8 dear Unkle Quinsey dies     170 2/3

Febr. 9.  Col. S. Shrimpton dies of an Apoplexy.

March, 1. Col. Barthol, Gedny dies.

April, 11. Mr. Morton dies

Decr. 7. 1692. Judges chosen

Ap. 2. 1694. Judge Richards dyes.

March, 6, 169 4/5  Elisha Cooke Esqr chosen a Judge.

9r.  5. 1699. Judge Danforth dyes.

June, 7. 1700.  John Walley esqr made a Judge

July 7, 1701. Lt. Govr. Stoughton dies.

Augt. 1. 1701.  John Saffin esqr made Judge

Augt. 15. 1702.  John Hathorne Leverett Esq made Judge.

 

     An Elegie on Mrs. Alicia Lisle, which for high Treason was be-

headed at Winchester, September the 2d. 1685.

Let Rebels both and Loyalists draw nigh

And view this Object of Disloyalty,

A Lady which by a Rebellious Crew

Was forc't in hast to bid the World adieu,

And pay her head to Justice for her Crime

Comitted now when she had pass'd her Prime.

Not zeal blindfolded, nor the CAUSE, the CAUSE

Can overturn Religion and the Laws.

&c. &C.

EPITAPH.

Here lies Madam Lisle dead,

Which for Treason lost her Head.

She patroniz'd the CAUSE, the CAUSE,

Against the Church and stablish'd Laws,

Let all her Sex; both great and small

Take here Example by her Fall:

And henceforth ever Shunn to be

Entangled by Presbytery;

Which changeth into several shapes

And hath brought forth Gomorrah's Grapes

 

1 See Vol. I. p. 104.


MISCELLANEOUS  ITEMS.                  9*

 

Which have set England's Teeth on Edge

But now she is gone off the stage

Then here she is, and Let her Lie

A Beacon unto Loyalty.

 


This may be Printed R. L. S.

To be sold by Randal Taylor

 

Survey your Ground first, Jest your great Design

End in a Quagmire, or a hollow Mine.

 

Submit to Fate, turn Loyal now (for shame)

And strive no more to swim against the stream.

 

     Aug. 30, 1686.  Speech to the South Company.

     GENTLEMEN, -- The reason of my being here, is not to comand you

my self, but to commend you for your complying with the command

of the honourable Council, and our Lieut. Mr. Elizur Holyoke, which

I earnestly perswade you to persist in : by so doing you will exceed-

ingly honour your selves and gratify me.  So that if any of you

study to shew me respect, let it be in that way.  There are many

Reasons with me why I inform'd the honourable Council of my in-

ability to sustain that Character which somtime I have done in this

Company; which, as it would not be proper, so I have not now

time to relate.  I heartily thank you for the Respect I have had

from you, which has been beyond my value.  Am truly sorry for any

inconvenience I have been the occasion of the last week to our Lieut.

or any of the officers, and ask your pardon for it.  The Drums have

lately cost somthing the fitting, which I shall take care to discharge,

that the Company be not in debt about it.  And I have left with the

Lieut for the refreshment of the privat Souldiers, of which I crave

your Acceptance.

      And so wishing you a good day, I take Leave.

To JOSEPH DUDLEY, Esqr., Presdt.

      HONOURED Sir, -- My not being at home when the Messenger

came to my house yesterday gives the occasion of these Lines.  In-

deed I had then no expectation of any such thing; but suposed on

Thorsday it might have been.  Am truly thankfull to your Honour

for the respect you have put on me in nominating me for the keeping

the Peace:  but you shall still further oblige me in letting of it rest

in a Nomination.  What station I formerly had in the Government


10*             MISCELLANEOUS  ITEMS.

 

of this. p1ace it hath pleased God to cast me out of it just after

the taking of a solemn Oath, which probably I had not done so soon

had not some small Circumstances turn'd the scale.  And many of

the Council reside in Boston: and those chosen Justices, Mr. Joyliff

for one, are so aged and worthy, that now I am upon even ground,

and in age his son, shall be perpetually asham'd to take place of him

as a senior Justice, and shall be pleased to see him have his health

and sit on the Bench.  Besides, my Mother and wife are incessantly

importunat with me to accept at least of part of that Retirement

which God hath dismissed me to.  I am glad that my Unkle Quinsey

hath sworn and so, for ought I see, his sister is too: wish I may hear

the like of other good men up and down the Country, which as have

oportunity, I shall further.  On1y as I have serv'd this People as

a Constable, and as a Justice of Peace, so now am desirous of mak-

ing an Experiment, whether standing in the middle between those

two Offices, be the hapier Life, as I think I have heard K. James the

first should affirm.  Have been willing to signify thus much, that so

my non-acceptance may be managed by your Prudence for the best.

I am your Hons humble

Servt                                        S. S.

JUNE 2, 1686.

 

       To make a Salt-Petre Bed.  Imprs.  All the sword of the Ground

is to be taken off or trenched in, and the Stones to be taken clean out

as deep as the Trench.  Then get the best and richest mould you

can, and fill up the Trench according as you will make it in great-

ness -- Length or depth, as you see cause.  When the ground is

made clean and fitting, turn over the ground and trench it in again,

and as you trench it in mix it with strong Lime about a 10th. or sixth

part; and the Seed-Petre, or Mother of Petre, and Hen, or Pigeon's

Dung as much as you can get, the more the better.  And after 'tis

trenched in as above, Let all the Butchers Blood and Lees of Wine

be mixed often with the uper part of the mould about half a foot

down, that it be not lost or run away from the Bed or Bank.  Let

the Bank be made upon rising Ground, and a ditch about it, that the

water rest not, nor run into the Petre-Bed; with a dry House over it,

to keep it from Rain.

     Jany 24th. 170 6/7 James Bayley Esqr. Ring and Glov[es]

    April, 23.  feria quarta, The Reverd and pious Mr. Samuel

Torrey; Gloves.

86. May, 12,1707.  Mrs. Lydia Scottow, Scarf and Gloves.  86

years old


                   MISCELLANEOUS  ITEMS.                          11*

 

69. Decr 4. 1707.  The Honble F. J. Winthrop, Governour of Con-

            ecticut.  Scarf, Ring, Gloves, Escutcheon.  Gov. W. Tomb.

      Decr. 12. Mrs. Mary Eliot, widow of my dear friend Capt.

75.     Jacob Eliot, and her self a very good woman.  Scarf and

          Gloves. 75.

64.   March, 22. 170 7/8  Mrs. Sarah Noves; Scarf and Gloves.

54.   Augt. 17. 1708.  Mrs. Mary Stoddard; Scarf and Ring.

73.   Octobr. 20. 1708.  Capt. Anthony Checkley, Scarf and Gloves.

76.   Febr. 11th.  170 8/9 Mrs. Hanah Glover, Scarf and Gloves.

69.   April, 30. 1709.  James Russel Esqr.  Scarf and Gloves.

        May, 6. Mrs. Abigail Russel his widow.  Scarf, Gloves.

64.   May, 9. Major Thomas Brown, of Sudbury, Esqr Scarf and Gloves.

80.   May, 26. Mrs. Sarah Pemberton, Scarf and Gloves.

74.   June, 8. Mrs. Ruth Wyllys, Scarf, Gloves.

55.   July, 26. Mr. Thomas Banister, Scarf and Gloves.

61.   January, 10 1709/10 Mr. John Hubbard; Scarf and Gloves.

63.   Mrs. Elizabeth Savage, April, 16, 1710, Scarf and Gloves.

84.   Madam -- Stoddard, July, 19, 1710.  Scarf and Gloves.

72.   Isaac Goose, Decr. 2. 1710.  Scarf and Gloves.

58.   John Foster esqr, Febr. 15.  Scarf, Ring, Gloves, Escutcheon.

40.   Mrs. Anne Allen, Febr. 28 1710/11,  Scarf and Gloves.

68.   Mrs. Abigail Foster; March, 8.  1710/11, Scarf, Ring, Gloves, Escut.

57.   Mrs. Sarah Banister, July, 3. 1711.  Scarf and Ring, Gloves.

60.   Mr. Elizur Holyoke, Augt. 14. 1711.  Scarf and Gloves.

72.   Mrs. Mary Ardel, Octobr. 20. 1711.  Scarf and Gloves.

        Mr. John Pole, Novr. 10. 1711.  Scarf, Glove, Escutcheon.

        Mrs. Margaret Corwin Decr. 3.  Scarvs and Gloves.

73.   Mrs. M. -- Atkinson, Jany. 4.  Scarvs and Gloves.

69.   Jno Walley Esqr., Jany. 17.  Scarf, Ring, Gloves, Escutcheon.

77.   John Fayerwether, Capt. Scarf and Gloves. Apr. 14. 1712.

        Mrs. Elisa Whetcomb Augt 20. 1712.  Scarf and Gloves.

80.   Mrs. Sarah More, Novr. 26.  Scarf and Gloves.

70.   Samuel Hayman esqr, Decr. 18.  Scarf and Gloves.

70.   Mrs. Elisa Hutchinson Feb. 7. 1712, 13.  Scarf, Ring, Gloves,

Escut.  Funl. Sermon.

76.   Mrs. Elisa. Addington, March, 5th.  Scarf, Ring, Gloves.

6-    Mrs. Elisa. Stoddard Apr. 22. 1713. Scarf, good Ring, Gloves,

Scutcheon.

6 -   Mrs. Martha Patteshall Apr. 23.  Scarf and Gloves.  Old B.

place

        Mr. Thomas Brattle May, 21.

        Col. Hunt.


12*             MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS.

 

SEWALL'S COMMONPLACE BOOK.

 

       [In our first volume, pp. 56, 57, note, we called attention to pre-

sumed extracts from Sewall's Diary for a period (1677-85) for which

we possessed no original.  So also, we learn, there is a citation in

Palfrey's History, III. p. 348, 349, about Mrs. Randolph, of this

date.

      We are now able to show that all these quotations are from Sew-

all's Commonplace Book, a volume in the possession of this Society,

and we are thus relieved from the fear that some portion of the Diary

might have been lost of late years.  We are yet unable to trace the

following quotation from Palfrey, III. 348. "May 2, [1681] Had

discourse about putting the cross into colors.  Captain Hall opposed,

and said he would not till the Major [Denison] had it in his.  Some

spoke with the Major, it seems, that afternoon, and Mr. Mather was

with him, who judged it not convenient to be done at this time.  So

is put a stop to it at present."

     Again, "July 11, Captain Walley, instead of having no cross at

all, as I supposed, had it unveiled. . . . Captain Henchman's company

and Townsend hindered Captain Walley's lodging their colors, stop-

ping them at the bridge."

      Still, we trust, these citations will prove to be taken from some

almanac or note-book or letter.]

 

      [Sewall's Commonplace book contains various extracts from books

arranged under appropriate heads.  Most of the following are placed

under that of "De Omene," and contain cross-references.  A few

items, however, occur separately, and we have endeavored to ar-

range them chronologically.

     The book contains the following note of its beginning: "Samuel

Sewall, his Booke, Decemb. 29, 1677.  Bound by Jno. Ratcliff."

     On the cover is this memorandum: -- ]

     March 1, 77-8.  Mr. Tho. Walley, Pastour of Barnst. Chh. dyed.

     Ap. 16, 1678. Mr. Noah Newman, Pastour of Rehoboth Chh. dyed.

     May 9.  Mr. Joseph Brown, Fellow of Harvard Colledge dyed.

            11. An House, 2 Women and 2 Children burnt at Concord.

     June 22.  Mr. Edm. Brown, Pastour of Sudbury Chh. dyed.


MISCELLANEOUS  ITEMS.                            l3*

 

     Oct. 11.  Sam1 Simons, Esq. Dep. Gr. buried.

             16.  Mr. Tho. Thacher, Pastr. 3d. Chh. Bost. dyed.

     Nov. 24. Mr. Joseph Rowlandson, Preacher at Wethersfield died.

     Jany.  4. Mr. Danl. Russell, Preacher at Charlestown died.

              23. Mr. Peter Hubbard, Pastour of Hingham Chh buried.

     Feb. 1. Mr. Ami-Ruhamah Corlett, Fellow of Harv. Col. died.

 

      [Then we find a family record as follows: -- ]

      (P.87.)  John Sewall, the son of Samuel and Hallah S. was Born

Apr. 2, 1677.1  Was Baptized Ap. 8 in the South-Meeting-House by

the Reverend Mr. Thomas Thacher.  I held the child when Bap-

tized.  Dyed Sept. 11, 1678, and lyeth buried in the New burying

place, on the South side of the grave of his great Grandfather, Mr.

Robert Hull.

      June 11, 1678.  Samuel Sewall, second son of S. and Han. S. was

Born.  Baptized p. Mr. Thomas Thacher June 16.  I held him up.

      Feb. 3, 1679.  Hanah Sewall was Born, just after a great snow.

Baptized Feb. 8 in the New-Meeting-House, p. Mr. Samuel Willard.

held her up.  Mr. Thacher dyed in the Autumn, 1678.

      May, 21, 1680.  I carry Sam. to Newbury, where his Grandmother

nurses him till May 81, to see if change of air would help him against

Convulsions; which hope it did, for hath had none there, nor since

his coming home.

      1681.  Thursday, December 29th, Elisabeth, Daughter of Samll.

and Hanah Sewall is Born.  N. Two of the chief Gentlewomen in

Town dyed next Friday night, viz. Mrs. Mary Davis and Mrs. Eliza.

Sargent.

      Sabbath-day, January 1, 1681.  Elisabeth is Baptized p. Mr. Sam-

uel Willard, I holding her up.  Elisabeth Weeden was Midwife to

my Wife bringing forth the four mentioned children.

 

     [We next extract a few notes which are not in the consecutive

entries: --]

     (P.8 ½ .) Mr. Nath. Higginson in a Letter of 4 Mar. 1679-80

writes Dr. Godwin dyed about a fortnight agoe.

 

     1 "Mr. Thomas Parker dyes that April." Marginal note. -- EDS.


14*             MISCELLANEOUS  ITEMS.

 

      (P.12.) De Autophonia.  1677, Nov. 16.  Friday, day after pub-

lick Thanksgiving, Jno. Tomlin Hanged himself in his Garret in the

day time, fastning his Rope to a pin that held the Rafters at the pot.

Nov. 18.  Sabbathday one Williams, an old Man, the Winisimet

Ferry man cut his own Throat.  Via Diar.

    Nov. 7, 1680.  A Negro Man and Woman murdered themselves.

     A certain dweller in the Town of Cambridge made away himself.

In his bosom was a Writing to this effect that God did show mercy

on great, grievous and desperat Siners; and therefore he said that he

hoped of mercy though he hanged himself.

     (P. 12 ½.) 1678,  Apr. 5th.  Mr. Josiah Allen, a young Merchant

of a very good estate and Account, was slain on board of Benj. Gillam's

ship by the accidental firing of a fowling piece, out of a Boat of Joss.

Gillam, as they were going from the jolly Ship.  vid. Diar.

     (P. 77 ½.)  Mr. Edmund Quinsey married Mrs. Eliza. Eliot before

Tho. Danforth, Esq. Dec. 8, 1680.

     Decr. 18, 1680.  Josiah Winslow, Esq. Govr. of Plymouth, dyeth

after sore Pain with the Gout and Griping.  His flesh was opened to

the bone on's leggs before he dyed.  Thorsday Xr. 23, buried.

     Wednesday Xr. 22, '80.  John Russell, the Anabaptist minister is

buried, scarce having time to read his Print in favour of that Sect;

come over in the last ships, Jener or Foy.

      Friday, January 14, 1680-1.  Benjamin Thwing, Carpenter, one

of the South-Church, was goeing from Mount-Hope to Rhode-Island

in a Canoo with an Indian, was overset by the wind and Ice, drowned.

The Indian escaped.

      Tuesday, Feb. 22.  Eclips of the Moon.  N. Mr. Samuel Wor-

ster, Deputy for Bradford, coming down to the Gen. Court, when

he was within ¼ Mile of the first Houses of Lin, dyed: Mr. Gidney

coming down from Salem saw him dead in the way, went to the next

House where were two Men that first saw him; so gave a Warrant

for a Jury and his Burial.

     Tuesday, March 8, 1680-1.  Mr. Edward Mitchelson, Marshall-

General is Buried.

     Sabbath-day, March 20, 1680-1. Tho. Woodbridge exit.

     Major William Hathorn dyes April --.

     The Reverend Mr. Urian Oakes dyeth, July 24, 1681, Sabbath-

day night, suddainly, as to most, who are startled at the newes, being

just before the Comencement and he so Learned, Godly, Orthodox a

Man and so Discerning of the Times.


MISCELLANEOUS  ITEMS.                            15*

 

     [On p. 38 is an account of Mrs. Dyer's monstrolls birth, Oct. 17,

1638, "taken out of my Father Sewall's Copy."  Also an account of

a similar birth, Jany 10, 1679-80, to the wife of Samuel Dible, of

Windsor. ]

       [We next transcribe that portion which is continued through

several pages, an seems to form a Diary for that period.]

      (P. 60.)  Thorsday, June 21, 1677.  Mr. Torrey of Roxbury as he

was in the Meetinghouse in Selmon-Time gave a Suddain and amaz-

ing Cry, being taken with a Fit of the Falling Sickness.  It greatly

disturbed the whole Assembly so that Mr. Allen was fain to cease

from preaching or a while.

     July 8, 1677.  Sabbath-Day.  South-Meeting House, mane.  In

Sermon-Time a female Quaker slipt in covered with a Canvas Frock,

having her hair dishevelled and Loose, and powdered with Ashes re-

sembling a flaxen or white Perriwigg, her face as black as Ink, being

led by two Quakers and followed by two more.  It occasioned a

great and very amazing Uproar.

     June 3, 1680.  Mr. Torrey hath another sore Fit in Lectur-time,

old Mr. Eliot Preaching.

     July 8, two Indians Kill'd and severall carlied away by the Mo-

hauks from Spy-Pond at Cambridge; it was done about 1 in the

Morn.  In the afternoon a Whirlwind ariseth (at first in a small

Body) near Sam1 Stones.  Passeth on to Mat. Bridge (P.73).  Pass-

eth by Mat. Bridges, (taking part of Stones Barn with it) Kills John

Robbins who was at Hoe, breaking his Arm and jaw-bone.  It hurled

stones and brake off and transported Trees in an unusual maner.

     Vid.  Xr.  16.  Mis. Rllssell in Sermon-Time.

     1680-1.  Jany. 25,1680-1.  Tuesday. Thos. Eams drops down

dead in the Morning at Mr. Pain's stable, as he and others saw Hay

thrown before their Horses.  He was come to Court about Sherborn

Controversy with respect to their Meeting House, its Situation.

      Feb 1.  Schollars get sooner out of School than ordinary by rea-

son of the Bell's being rung for fire; which was quenched at the

House where it begun.

       Last night one Dyer of Braintrey shot an Indian to death as he

was breaking his window and attempting to get into his House

against his will, Saying he would shoot him a Dogg, bec. would not

let him come in to light his Pipe.  Man was abed.  Indian's gun

found charg'd, cockt and prim'd in his Hand.

      Tuesday night Febr. 1.  Pet. Codnar an honest Fisherman goeing

to come over the Draw-Bridge, (as is suposed), missed it and was


16*             MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS.

 

Drowned:  For Feb. 2, his dark Lantern was taken up out of the

Crick by the wharf at Low-water.  He is suposed to have fallen in

about 7. the Tuesday night.  Hath left a wife and Children.

     Feb. 3.  Lectr.  Newes is brought of Mr. Deans son Robinson,

his Killing a Lion with his Axe at Andover.  Not many weeks agoe

a young man at New-Cambridge was Kill'd by a Tree himself Felled.

     Thorsday  Feb. 10.  See Mr. Eliot's Sermon.

     Tuesday Feb. 22.  Ecclips of the Moon.  Mr. Samuel Worster,

Deputy for Bradford, coming to the Court on Foot, dyes on the

Rode about ¼  Mile short of the House at the end of the Town next

Ipswich.  Vid. P. 78.  Newes comes this day of nine men being found

dead at Pigeon-Iland near Shelter Iland:  't is feared it may be Jer-

emiah Jackson.

      Vid. p. 79.  Sylvanus Davis went out on Saturday to carry Corn

and other necessaryes to the Fort at Casco, is driven on the Sand,

essaying to put in again in the Sabbath day storm.  So the Corn

lost and Souldiers disapointed.  Men saved.

    

      (P.78 ½.)  Thorsday, Feb. 24, 1680-1.  This morn, the Wife of Mr.

Elias Row is found dead in her bed; much blood about her, so some

think she was choak'd with it.  A Jury was impanelled and 6 grave

matrons and a Chirurg[eon], to view the Corps to see if any Violence

had been offered her:  found none; she and her Husband seldom lay

together; she was given to Drink and quarrelling.  Her death puts

in mind of the Proverb wherein we say such an one hath drunk more

than he hath bled to-day.

      Friday Feb. 18.  Mr. Saml Legg cast away, was bound for Barba-

dos.

      Monday March 14.  Mr. Noah Floid tells that 3 men essaying to

goe from Mount-Hope to Warwick in a Canoo were all drowned

about 3 weeks agoe.

      Sabbath-day, March 20, 1680-1.  Thomas Woodbridge is so burnt

in his own Fire, that he Dyeth of the insupportable Torment in about

12 Houres time.  Newbury.

      Not long agoe an Irish woman living by my Father Hull's Pas-

ture, was found dead, without dore, having her forehead on her

hands, as she lay on the ground.  Great Rumours and Fears of

trouble with the Indians.  Persons to Carry a competent number of

Arms to Meeting.

    N.  At Conecticot the Noise of a Drumme in the air, Vollies of


MISCELLANEOUS  ITEMS.                            17*

Shot, Report of Cannons have been Heard by divers; as pr. Letters

rec'd this week.  Ap. 1. '81.

      Mr. Philip Nelson of Rowley wanders away and is lost from Ap. 5,

to Satterday Ap. 9.  Rowley and Newbury seeking him; on Satter-

day is found, having walked out of his place to take the air; it was

between two Rocks on Crane-Neck.  See Bro. Longfellow's Letter.

      Goodwife Everit, Winthrop, and Capt. Richard Woode dye

suddainly, vid.  Diar. P. 102.

      Sabbath-day, May the first, 1681.  Mr. Angier of Cambridg, his

Tenant dyes very suddainly and unexpectedly, having been at meet-

ing and riding home with his Neighbour, Agur &c.  Look in and

smil'd on his wife through the Window, but sunk down before he

got in at the doore, and his wife hearing a noise came out; but her

Husband scarce spoke ten words before he utterly ceased to speak.

The Newes of it came to us yesterday as we were at Diner.  About

3 weeks agoe a little Boy of Braintrey playing with a bean,  [P. 84]

in 's mouth, got it into his wind-Pipe, of which in six or seven dayes he dyed.

      Monday, May 2.  Mr. Richard Hubbard of Ipswich Farms, dyeth

suddainly in the afternoon, goeing to ly on's Bed after diner was

there found dead by his daughter accidentally goeing in thether.  teste

Guil. Gerrish, senr. (p. me?)

      Satterday, May 7th, there was a Hurrican at Newbury, which

blew down Rich. Bartlett's Barn, uncover'd Capt. Pierce's new house

at the uper end of Chandler's Lane, blew down the chimneys.

      Sabbath-day-night, July 24, 1681.  The Reverend. Mr. Urian

Oakes, President of the College, and Pastour of Cambridge Church

Died; scarce any Knowing of his Sickness till his Death was sadly

told up and down the street, Monday July 25.  vid. Diar. p. 109.

      Thorsday, Xr. 1, 1681.  The well-accomplish'd mercht. and Ac-

comptant, Mr. Paul Dudley dyed, being little above 30 yeers old.

      Xr. 13, '81.  Jonathan Jackson's wife hangs herself in the lower

room of her dwelling House near my Father's ware-House.

      Xr. 17.  Foye arrives, in whom Mr. Randolph and his new wife

and family.

      Xr. 25.  They sit in Mr. Joyliff's Pue; and Mrs. Randolph is ob-

served to make a curtesy at Mr. Willard s naming Jesus, even m

Prayer time.  Since dwells in Hez. Usher's House, where Ministers

used to meet.

      Satterday, Feb. 11.  Is a bloody-colour'd Eclips of the Moon, onely

middle of the uper part of a duskish dark.

     Feb. 15.  Tuesday, 14, past midnight, or Wednesday morn; --

of the Day the General Court was to sit upon adjournment,-- Major


18*             MISCELLANEOUS  ITEMS.

Tho. Savage dyeth suddenly, very suddenly, having been well at the

Wedding on Tuesday, and sup'd well at home afterward, and slept

well till midnight or past.

      Feb. 15, Wednesday.  2 Houses and Barns burnt at Cambridge.

Dept. Govr. hardly escaped.  Sometime in the Court's sitting, there is

a child born near the north Meeting-House, which hath no Tongue at

all; or the Tongue grown fast to the roof of the Mouth; one finger

too much on one Hand, and one too little on the other:  And the

Heels right opposite one to another, the (P. 88 ½) Toes standing to

the Right and left outward.

       Mar. 24, '81-2.  Goodw.  Fox dyes suddenly.  The Town was

sadly alarm'd the Tuesday night before at the Fire at Mr. Wing's,

which, had the Wind promoted, a great part of the Town had been

consumed, it being near or in the Center.

      Thorsday, Novemb. 9, 1682.  Cous. Dan1. Quinsey Marries Mrs.

Anne Shepard Before John Hull, esq. Sam1 Nowell, esq. and many

Persons present, almost Capt. Brattle's great Hall full; Capt. B and

Mrs. Brattle there for two.  Mr. Willard begun with Prayer.  Mr.

Tho. Shepard concluded; as he was Praying, Cous. Savage, Mother

Hull, wife and self came in.  A good space after, when had eaten

Cake and drunk Wine and Beer plentifully, we were called into the

Hall again to Sing.  In Singing Time Mrs. Brattle goes out being

ill;  Most of the Compa. goe away, thinking it a qualm or some Fit;

But she grows worse, speaks not a word, and so dyes away in her

chair, I holding her feet (for she had slipt down).  At length out of

the Kitching we carry the chair and Her in it, into the Wedding

Hall; and after a while lay the Corps of the dead Aunt in the Bride-

Bed: So that now the strangeness and horror of the thing filled the

(just now) joyous House with Ejulation:  The Bridegroom and Bride

lye at Mr. Airs, son in law to the deceased, going away like Persons

put to flight in Battel.

      Satterday night, Novr. 11.  Twelve Jurors come before my Father,

to give Oath as to the Cause and Manner of one Johnson, a Turnour,

his imature death; which was by letting a Barrel of Cider into a

Trap-dore Cellar;1 the Board he stood on gave way, he fell in, and

the end of the Barrel upon his Jaw and Kill'd him outright.  Jury

came to swear about eight a clock.

     One Blood of Concord about 7 days since or less was found dead

in the woods, leaning his Brest on a (P 89 ½) Logg: Had peen seek-

ing some Creatures.  Oh! what strange work is the Lord about to

bring to Pass.

               1 "Just by Cous. Quinsey's." Marginal note. -- EDS.


MISCELLANEOUS  ITEMS.                                21*

      The Wednesday fortnight before Mrs. Brattles Death,  Mr. Wid-

ener of Salem, who lives p. the Meeting-House, going into his Sere

after Lecture to open it, as he was hanging up a net of Cotton-wor.

fell down dead over his Threshold: which made a great Hubbub.

     Novr. 12, at night or even, Capt. Benj. Gillam's Mate is drowned

off the outward wharf.

     Friday, Novr. 17.  one Smith is drowned, coming up from Mr.

Edwards, sailing for Lond[on].  Not many weeks before, a Man fell

into the Dock, up by my Father's Ware-House, and was drowned:

and Josiah Belcher, Senr was drowned at Weymouth.

     Sabbath-day, Novr. 19.  Mr. Edw. Winslow, Ship Mr., dyed sud-

denly:  He took Physick the Friday before and John Alcock dis-

cours'd with him, he seeming to him no iller than Men ordinarily are when

taking Physick.  A Woman dyed suddenly at the North end of the Town.

       Tuesday, Novr. 28, '82.  One Horton coming from Nevis, makes

the Land this day, and stands in; but the Rain and Snow take him

so that in the night drives him over Rocks and Sholes, cast Anchor;

but all Cables break.  So about 3 a clock at night, that violent Storm

strands the Ship on Nahant Beach, about ¼  mile to the Northward of

Pulling Point Gut; the Ship about 100 Tun.  Persons on Board 13,

3 whereof drowned; 4 perished in the Cold, not being able to grope

out the way to Mr. Winthrops: and 6 onely escaped:  3 of the above

if not all four, lay frozen like sticks, in a heap.  One of the six was

of so frozen that will hardly escape.  Very little goods saved.  About

200 £ in P 8/8 lost.

      Febr.  9. 1682-3.  A considerable deal of Snow being on the

Ground, there falls such plenty of warm Rain as that the Waters

swell so as to do much damage.  Ipswich Dam and Blidge is carried

away by the Flood and Ice violently coming down; so that they

now go over in a Boat, Horse, and Men.  Rowly Mill Dam also

spoyled, and generally much harm done in (P. 90) Dams and Bridges;

so that 'tis judged many Thousands will scarce repair the Loss.

Woburn hath suffered much.  Roxbury Bridge carried away just as

persons on it;  so that a woman was near drowning.

      Satterday;  March 22, 1683-4, there was an extraordinary high

Tide, which did much hurt at Boston and Charlestown, coming into

Houses and Ware-Houses that stood low.  All that I hear of at Cam-

bridge, Charl. and here, say 'tis higher than ever any was known before.

      Wednesday, Octr. 29, a Maid's Brains shot out, her head broke all

to pieces, at Salem. 

      Friday Novr. 28, 1684.  Wm. Allen, a Plumer, receives a blow by

a piece that was used for a Scaffold falling on's head, of which he


18*              MISCELLANEOUS  ITEMS.

 

Tho at night.  Boston.  About a fortnight agoe, one at Sparks, the

Winary at Ipswich near the Meetinghouse, falls down stairs or the

and dies.  About that time Jn° Poor of Newbury perrisheth

in the Snow, near the Fresh-Meadows, about a Mile from my Father's

Farm.

     (P.90 ½) Wednesday, Novr. 15, 1682.  Mr. Sherman Ordains Mr.

Nath. Gookin Pastor of Cambridge-Church: Mr. Eliot gives the

Right hand of Fellowship, first reading the Scripture that warrants

it.  Mr. Sherman, Eliot and Mather laid on Hands.  Then Mr.

Gookin ordain'd Deacon Stone and Mr. Clark Ruling Elders.  The

Presence of God seem'd to be with his People.  Mr. Jonathan Dan-

forth, the Dept. Governours onely Son, lay by the Wall, having de-

parted on Monday Morn, of a Consumption.  Tis a comfortable day

and much People at the.  Ordination.  I go and come on foot in

Compa. of Mr. Zadori, the Hungarian, whom I find to be an Armi-

nian.

   

     (p.92.)  Wednesday, Apr. 25, 1688.  I went to Govr. Bradstreet,

to enquire about the Custom of Swearing in New England: He told

me That of lifting up the Hand had been the Ceremony from the

begining; that He and some others did so swear on board the Ship,

1630.  And that He never Knew an Oath administred any other way

after he came on Shoar.

     Sir, it is all one to touch a Book and swear by a Book.  Fox.

Martyrol.  Henry the 4th, p. 702 and 701.  &c &c &c.  [Various au-

thorities are cited, the passage above being among other citations

under the head of "De  Juramento."]

     (P.108 ½.)  Mr. Joshua Gee, sometime Captive in Algeer, tells me

June 11, 1694, that the Turks observe an Hebdomadal Revolution as

we do; Our first day of the week is their first day of the week; And

they call the days by their Order in the Week; One, Two &c.  If

they have any notable piece of work to doe, they chuse to begin it

upon the first day of the Week, bec. God began his Works on that

day.

    [There is also a full account of the trial of Rev. Thomas Chiever,

Jr., of Malden, which is briefly mentioned in Vol. I. pp. 130, 131.]


MISCELLANEOUS  ITEMS.                                21*

     (P 132 of orig.)                    At MALDEN, Wednesday, Apr. 7th. 1686.

     A Council of the, 3 Chhs. of Chrt. in Boston, met.  Persons were

Mr. James Allin, Joshua Moody, John Wiswall, Mr. Elisha Cook, Mr.

Isaac Addington, Mr. Henry Allin, Mr. Increase Mather, Mr. Cotton

Mather, Major John Richards, Mr. Adam Winthrop, Mr. Daniel Stone,

Richard Way, Mr. Saml Willard, Sam Sewall, Jacob Eliot. Met at the House

of Father Green; Mr. Allin went to Prayer, when discoursed whether should

have 2 Moderators or one; Mr. Allin put it to vote, and carried for one,

being but a small Company.  Then voted for a Moderator by Papers. 

Mr. Increase Mather was chosen, had more than ten votes and but 15

Persons ill all.  Discoursed of our work, then went into the Publick. 

Mr. Moderator prayed. When had heard some Debates there, went to our

Quarters, had the witnesses and Mr. Tho. Chiever face to face.  Mr. Chiever,

the Father, desired to be present, was admitted and bid wellcom, except

when Council debated in private all alone (Mr. Sam. Parris present

through-out, though not of the Council).

      In the evening Mr. Chiever the Pastor was sent for, Mr. Moodey

and others acquainted him how grievous his carriage had been and

that day not so humble and in such a frame as ought; told him ex-

pected not an Answer, but that should sleep on't.  Debated consider-

ably what to do till about 10 at night Mr. Moderator pray'd, went to

Bed.  Mr. Moderator and his son to Mr. Wigglesworth's, some to

Mr. Chiever, Major Richards and self Kept the House.  In the

Morn, Thorsday, Ap. 8, Mr. Moderator went to prayer: read over

what was drawn up, then discours'd about it.  Sent for Mr. Chiever,

to see what had to say; then not finding satisfaction, all agreed on

the following Declaration and Advice.

      The Elders and Messingers assembled in Council at Maldon,

April 7, 1686, at the Request of the Church there, after humble Invo-

cation of the Name of God for his Guidance in the solemn Case

propos'd unto them, do declare and advise as follows.

     1.  We find that Mr. Tho. Chiever, the present Pastor of the

Church in Maldon, has been accused as Guilty of great Scandals, by

more than 2 or 3 witnesses; and that since his being in Office-Rela-

tion Particularly, he is by two or three Witnesses charged with

speaking such words as are scandalous breaches of the Third Comand-

ment, as apears by the Testimony of Mrs. Eliza.  Wade and Abigail

Russell.  He is moreover accused with Shamefull and abominable,

Violations of the Seventh Comandment.  There are several who have

testifyed that they heard him use light and obscene expressions (not

fit to be named) in an Ordinary at Salem, as by the Testimony of

Samuel Sprague, Jacob Parker, Isaac Hill; Also as he was travailing


22*              MISCELLANEOUS  ITEMS.

on the Rode, as p. the Testimony of Thomas, Esther and Eliza.  Newhall.

     2.  We find that although Mr. Chiever has been convicted of very

scandalous Evils since his being a Preacher in Maldon, the Church

there has declin'd all Testimonies against him as to Scandals comitted

before his Ordination; as also some other Testimonies respecting

matters very criminal since that; because they judged the Witnesses

on account of Prejudices and otherwise, incompetent; upon which

Consideration we have also waved these Testimonies.

      3. We find that in Augt. 9, 1685, Mr. Chiever made an Acknowl-

edgement of some Evils to the Brethren of that Church, whereto he

stands related; and that the most part of them were willing to take

up with a slender satisfaction: But that on the next Lord's-day, he

manifested before the Congregation so little sense and sorrow for his

great sins, as that the generality of the Brethren were more dissatis-

fied than formerly.

     We find by our own enquiries since we met together, that Mr.

 Chiever has absolutely deny'd some things, which are by sufficient Wit-

nesses prov'd against him.  Mr. Chiever's filthy words testifyed by

Tho., Esther, and Elizabeth Newhal, he utterly deny'd to Lt Saml

Sprague, also to Cornet Green and his son, saying that Thomas

Newhal was forsworn.  Likewise he did to Capt. Sprague and Tho.

Skiner utterly deny that ever he spake the words at Salem, so fully

prov'd against him.

      Also we find, that as to some particulars he pretends he does

not remember them: Nor have we seen that humble penitential frame

in him when before us, that would have become him: but have cause

to fear that he has been too much accustomed to an evil course of

Levity and Profaneness.

     These things considered, we conceive it to be Duty and accord-

ingly advise the Church of Maldon, to Suspend Mr. Tho. Chiever

from the Exercise of his ministerial Function; and also to debar him

from partaking with them at the Lord's Table, for the space of Six

Weeks untill which time the Council will adjourn themselves, to

meet at Boston.  And that in case he shall in the mean while mani-

fest that Repentance which the Rule requires, they should confirm

their Love to him, and (if possible) improve him again in the Lord's

Work among them.

      And this, our Advice, is grounded on these Scriptures and Reasons.

(1).  Among the Lord's People in the dayes of the O. Testament, no

man might be permitted to execute the Priest's office that had a

blemish:  He might not come nigh to offer the offerings of the Lord.

Levit. 21, 17, 21, which teaches that Men under moral blemishes, are


MISCELLANEOUS  ITEMS.                                23*

 

unfit for holy ministrations, untill they be, in a way of Repentance,

healed.  (2) It is in the New Testament required, that an Elder

should be sober and of good behaviour, and moreover he must have

a good Report of them that are without, 1 Tim. 3, 2, 7.  (3) Christ's Dis-

cipline ought to be exercised impartially, without respect to Persons.

1 Tim. 5, 21.  Nor does Mr. Chiever's standing in a Sacred Office-

Relation any way lessen, but greatly aggravate his sin.  (4) There is

no probability that Mr. Chiever's Ministry will be blessed for good

to Souls, untill such time as his Conversation shall declare him to be

a true penitent.  Mat. 5, 13.

     Finally, we exhort and advise our beloved Brethren of the Church

of Maldon to set a day apart, solemnly to humble themselves by

Fasting and Prayer before the Lord under this awfull dispensation,

and for whatever failings have attended them, as to the management

of their Differences, in this hour of Temptation which they have

been subject unto.  Particularly, for not observing the Rules of

Christ, in endeavouring to prevent Evils by giving seasonable notice

to Mr. Chiever of their Dissatisfactions.  And for that want of Love,

and for that bitterness of Spirit, which appears in sundry of them.

So we pray the God of Love and Peace and Truth to dwell among

you.

                                                INCREASE MATHER, Moderator,

In the Name, and with the unanimous

Consent of the whole Council.

    

     Note.  Mr. Clriever was ordained July 27,1681, Wednesday, Mr.

Oakes dying the Sabbath before.

 

       Thorsday, Ap. 8. the Bell was rung; went in publick. Mr. Mod-

erator pray'd, read the Council's Report.  Mr. Wigglesworth spake,

thank'd him and the Council; said had cause to condemn themselves,

as for other sins, so their sudden laying Hands on Mr. Chiever; and

now God was whiping them with a Rod of their own making.  Mr.

Chiever the Father, stood up and pathetically desir'd his son might

speak, but Mr. Moderator and others judg'd it not convenient, he not

having by what he said given the Council encouragement.  Mr. Allin

pray'd; went to Diner; Council adjourned to that day 6 weeks.

     Came Home well.


24*             MISCELLANEOUS  ITEMS.

 

 

ZADORI'S LETTER.

 

     [In Vol. T. p. 97, of Sewall's Diary, mention is made of Zadori." The

reference was obscure, and no light upon it presented itself to us the

sheets passed through the press.  We have since received from abroad the

following letter, which, however, does but little to clear the obscurity attach-

ing to a scholar of that name who, it seems, made a visit to Boston.  The

text of the manuscript copied for us seems in some places to be doubtful,

and other difficulties stand in the way of a confident translation.  We offer

such an one as may serve the occasion. -- EDS.]

  

Bodl:  MS.  Tanner xxxv. f. 105.

Letter addressed: --

    "To the most Reverend Father in God William, by the grace of

blessed Jesus Lord Arch-Bishop of Canterbury these humbly present.

London." 1

    Vir fidelis & Dei timens, Christique amantissime, Salve!

Non omnes quos tenus fert mortales despicato terrrae pulveri ad-

haerescunt, Amplissime Praesul, sed numerosa eorum portio, relictis

rusticanae turbae flagellis, opificumque instrumentis, altioribus animum

applicat, potiorisque sui partis, animae puta, perfectionem indefesse

quaeritat.  Ingenerasse scilicet Natura hominibus quosdam Videtur

igniculos, qui desiderium sciendi stimulorum instar magnopere exci-

tant.  Unde fieri consuevit, ut rerum altiorum avidius cupidi mortales,

nulla scientia satiari valeant, verum quanto propius in cognitione

rerum, cum Divinarum, turn humanarum perfectioni accessit animus,

tanto majus desiderium sciendi capiat incrementum.  Quod maxime

laudabile esse, non possumus non asserere, cum sui parare perfectio-

nem sit longe laudatissimum.  Puto hinc me facile impetraturum a

beata Tua Reverentia excusationem, quod per duos plane annos inter

Vos, mansuetioribus musis feci rem.  Quis enim adeo excoecatus, qui

tam religiosissimum Orbis Christiani sidus, & perenne literarum decus,

immensamque Patriae & saeculi spem, facile relinquat?  Si praesertim

loquar de memetipso, Proh Deum immortalem! quanta nos Hunga-

ros, in hac decrepita mundi senecta, ruina literarum operit, quam

 

1 William Sanicroft was at this time Archbishop of Canterbury.

 


MISCELLANEOUS  ITEMS.                                         25*

turpe & securum militiae nostrae ocium irrupit.  Videre sic cis puto

nemo posset oculis.  Ubi non nisi Mars gaudet prreliis, & nos inter

tot tantaque funesta bella pendemus potius quam sedemus.  Ducimur,

& portamur per vastam eremum.  Rapimur, dispergimur, in diversa

trahimur: ita ut nee coeptum opus deserere, nee supra vires ferre

valeamus.  Et ipse cum anno hoc ipso Patriam versus iter facere

meditarer, intempestive nimis impedivit Hungarim recens conditio,

ut contraria via coactus sum [?] ire, quasi e tergo Hungariam intueri

plurimum delectarer.  Ego igitur, mi Pater Reverendissime (quod

solum possum) Deum Optimum, Maximum, qui Te mihi providit,

obnixe deprecor, ut quando Tibi talem debitorem dedit, qui nunquam

solvenda sit futurus, beneficentiam istam quam mihi 29 die Maji, anni

1682, tam effusus impendebas, ipse Tibi dignetur pro sua benignitate

rependere, turn ut nos ab hoc aerumnoso & procelloso saeculo in suam

requiem, pro sua miseratione perducat, ubi non erit opus epistolis,

ubi non distinebit nos paries, ubi non arcebit a colloquio janitor, sed

gaudio perfruemur aeterno.  Nunc pro tempore apud Novos-Anglos

in America hospitor, quid mecum hic faciant ignoro.  Gens revera

haec est non modo pietati addicta, & christiana charitate imbuta,

verum & Regiae Majestati addictissima.  Nam toto hoc tempore,

quibus apud hos hospitor peregrinus, nil tale quid audivi sicut in

Scotia & Anglia a quibusdam sceleratissimis, contra Sacrae Regiae

Majestatis Thronum, blasphemia verba ex impuris palatis eructanti-

bus.  Teror corde vehementer quod nil sit in me, vel penes me, quo

tantam beneficentiam Sanctae Tuae Reverentiae pensare possem, qui

sum eroque ad finem usque hujus vitae Tuae dominationi addictissimus

ac fidelis servus.  Is igitur qui Dominationi Vestrm talem debitorem

dedit, qui nunquam solvendo sit futurus, Te donis suis locupletet, &

in multos annos Ecclesiae suae conservet, Serenissimam Sacrae Regiae

Majestatem, Nobilissimos Proceres, adeoque Omnes Potentissimi

Regni vestri Ordines protegat, & omni benedictionum genere quam

pinguissime cumulet; ad verae pietatis & Regni Christi propagatio-

nem aevo largissimo tueatur.  Et tandem post seros vitae laudabiliter

exactae annos, ad nunquam intermoritura & desitura caelestis vitae

gaudia, solenni Angelorum comitatu introducat.  Ubi cum Deo Patre

ingenito [?] & uniprocedente Paracleto, gaudio perfruemini aeterno.

      Ita animitus precatur clam qui haec palam Vobis peroptat.

    Salutis Vestrae avidissimus Stephanus Zadori Pannonio-Hungarus de S. P.

      Scribebam hospes & peregrinus celeri cursu defessa manu ad lucer-

nam jamjam lectulo imminens Bostonii Novi-Anglorum, anno vitae

meae 29. anno vero beatissimi beatae Mariae Virgin is Filii Jesu 1682.

10.  8bris.


26*             MISCELLANEOUS  ITEMS.

 

TRANSLATION.

      Faithful and God-fearing man, most loving of Christ, Health!

      Most Illustrious Primate, -- Not all the mortal men whom the world

sustains cling to the mean dust of the earth, but a considerable portion

of them, turning from the vexations of the rustic crowd and from the

tools or the workshops, devote their minds to higher objects, and

unweariedly strive for the perfection of their nobler part, namely,

the soul.  For Nature seems to have generated in men certain sparks

which intensely rouse as with a goad the craving for knowledge. 

Whence it is wont to happen that men, keenly craving higher things,

can find satisfaction in no attainment, but the nearer the mind ap-

proaches towards perfection in the knowledge alike of divine and

human things, the more does a desire for such knowledge take

increase.  We cannot refrain from asserting that this is greatly

praiseworthy, inasmuch as it is superlatively laudable to be perfect-

ing one's self.  So I think I may readily claim from your Blessed

Reverence an excuse for having for two full years devoted myself

among you to the more gentle muses.  For who would be so blind

as slightingly to desert the most devout star of the Christian Sphere,

the perennial glory of letters, and the loftiest hope or his country

and his age?  If especially I may speak of myself, By the Immortal

God!  what a wreck of literature is visited upon us Hungarians in

this decrepit old age of the world, how has a base and confident

ease broken in upon our military vigor.  I think no one can see this

with dry eyes, when only Mars revels in battles, and we, amidst so

many and such direful wars, hang in suspense rather than rest.  We

are dragged and borne over a vast desert.  We are caught up, dis-

persed and scattered, so that we can neither abandon a work under-

taken, nor bear it on beyond our strength [?].  And when I myself

was this very year contemplating a journey to my country, the recent

condition of Hungary inopportunely opposed me, so that I was com-

pelled to go in a contrary direction, as if it were my highest pleasure

to behold Hungary behind me.  I, therefore, Most Reverend Father,

(it is all that I can do,) earnestly beseech the Great and Good God,

who has provided you for me, that, since he has given to you such

a debtor as can never pay his debt, he in his benignity will vouch-

safe to repay to you that beneficence which you so lavishly bestowed

upon me on the 29th of May, 1682, and then that in his own mercy

he may guide us out of this oppressed and stormy era to his own

repose, where there will be no need of letters, where no wall will sepa-

rate us, where no janitor will restrain our intercourse, but we shall


                   MISCELLANEOUS  ITEMS.                                27*

 

enjoy delights forever.  Now for a season I am living as a guest

with the New-Englanders in America; I know not what they may

do with me here.  Verily this is a people, not only devoted to piety

and imbued with Christian charity, but most loyal also to the Royal

Majesty.  For during this whole time, in which [?]1  I, a stranger,

have been their guest, I have heard nought such as I had heard in

Scotland and England from some most wicked men, belching from

impure lips blasphemous words against the throne of the Sacred

Royal Majesty.  I am greatly grieved at heart, that there is noth-

ing in me, or in my power, by which I can repay such kindness of

your Sacred Reverence, -- I, who am, and will be even to the end of

this life, a most devoted and faithful subject of your Lordship.  May

He, therefore, who has made me such a debtor to your Lordship as

can never pay his debt, enrich you with his gifts, and preserve you

for many years to his Church; may He also protect the most Serene

Majesty of his Sacred Royalty, the most noble Lords, and all orders

of your most potent kingdom, and heap upon them most richly every

kind of blessing; may he watch over them for the propagation of

true piety and of the kingdom of Christ, to the most distant age [?].

And at length, after the late years of a nobly-spent life, may he

bring you to the never-dying and endless joys of the celestial state

in the holy fellowship of the Angels, where, with the uncreated God

the Father, and the one-proceeding [?] Paraclete, you shall find the

fruition of eternal bliss.  So, heartily in secret prays he who openly

craves for you such things, Stephen Zadori, of Pannonian Hungary,

de S. P. -- most desirous of your welfare.

      As a guest and a stranger, I write with a running pen, with a

wearied hand, by lamplight, just before going to bed [?], at Boston, in

New-England, in the 29th year of my life and in the year of the most

Blessed Jesus, son of the Blessed Mary, 1682, October 10th.

 

      1 This conjectural rendering of an ungrammatical text reads quo for

quibus.  Another conjectural version would be, "Among those with whom

I have been a stranger-guest."


INTRODUCTORY NOTE.

 

     THE three following pamphlets have been reprinted, because they

deal with a controversy in which Sewall was deeply interested and

in which he took a part, and also because of their great rarity.  For

a copy of the first, we are indebted to Colonel Joseph L. Chester, of

London, who procured a transcript of an example in the British

Museum; for the second and third, we are indebted to the courtesy

of the John Carter Brown Library and the Harvard College Library,

respectively.

     It will be noticed that the first is a violent attack on Governor

Dudley; the second, an able defence of him; and the third, a re-

newed attack.

     They are entitled, respectively, "A Memorial of the Present De-

plorable State of New England," &c., "A Modest Enquiry," &c., and

"The Deplorable State of New England," &c.

      In view of the charge made in the preface to the "Modest En-

quiry," it may be safely assumed that the first tract was not published

in Boston as it pretended to be, but was prepared here, and printed

in London, where it appeared in July, 1707.  Sewall writes under

date of Nov. 1, 1707 (post, ii. 197), "after coming from Council, I

read the Book printed against the Governour in London.  I had not

seen it before."  So again under date of Nov. 21, 1707 (post, ii.

200).  "Some" (of the Council) "began to be hot to send for the

Book wherein the Affidavits are, and Mr. M.'s letter; and to burn it:

others were for deliberation."

     Of the merits of the controversy we say nothing; a few points of

interest may be indicated.  Thus it is evident that Rev. Cotton

Mather was the inciter, and perhaps the compiler, of the first pam-

phlet.  The R. A. whose letter is on p. 42*, is possibly R. Armstrong,

as that name best agrees with the "Mr. Ar--nge" on p. 81*.

     It seems evident that many thought that Cotton Mather had been

guilty of duplicity; but at all events the mask was now dropped.

Quincy writes (Hist. Harv. Univ., i. p. 201), "the election of Lev-

erett" (as President) "was insupportably grievous to Increase Mather,

 


30*                       INTRODUCTORY  NOTE.

 

and his son.  They had anticipated that the choice would have fallen

upon one or the other of them.  Between them there was no rivalry. 

For the disappointment of both, they were not prepared.  Their in-

dignation was excited against Dudley, who, as they thought, had

buoyed up their hopes until he had arranged measures and agents to

insure their defeat."

      In view of these pamphlets, we may perhaps conclude that the

dissimulation was the other way.  It looks rather as if Cotton

Mather, aspiring to the presidency of the college, had pretended

friendship to Governor Dudley; and, concluding that the election

would be settled in 1707, he gave vent to his malice by sending to

England the manuscript of this first pamphlet.

     At all events, the reception of copies of it in Boston must have

terminated all hopes of further friendship between the Mathers and

Dudley.  Their abusive letters of Jan. 20, 1707-8, reveal their bitter-

ness of soul.  (See Collections, first series, Vol. III. pp. 126-138.)

     The "Modest Enquiry" was the immediate retort; and the anec-

dote concerning Cotton Mather, printed on p. 81*, must have been a

bitter pill to his admirers.

     The preface to the third tract is signed A. H.; possibly, as Palfrey

suggests, the Alexander Holmes whose name is appended to the

petition on the last page.  He does not seem to have been a resi-

dent here, and was perhaps one of the persons "trading thither."

The most noticeable item therein is Samuel Sewall's protest (on

p. 111*) against the statement that the Council has passed a vote

unanimously.  He dwells upon it in his Journal (post, ii. 202).

     It is Palfrey's opinion (Hist., IV. 310, note) that Mather was "con-

cerned in the composition" of this third pamphlet; and, as Sewall

quarrelled with him some years before (see Journal, post, ii. 45-46),

this may account for the slurs on p. 124*.  "Nevertheless, we doubt

not but in the large Province of Massachusetts there may be found

an Hundred Men as fit to be Counsellors, as S. S. or J. C. or P. T."

These names we interpret to be, Samuel Sewall, Jonathan Corwin,

John Cushing or Joseph Church, and Penn Townsend.

     We trust our readers will find in these pamphlets a sufficiently

lively picture of the questions which agitated the colony at that date

to warrant the space which we have given to them.

EDS.


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                 A

           M E M O R I A L

        Of the Present Deplorable State of

 

            New-England.


 

 

                                                                A

            M E M O R I A L

                                     Of the Present Deplorable STATE of

               New- England

                                   With the many Disadvantages it lyes under,

                                          by the Male-Administration of their

                                                  Present G 0 V E R N 0 U R,

                    Joseph  Dudley,  Esq.

                            And his Son  P A U L, &c.

                                                           TOGETHER WITH

 

The several Affidavits of People of Worth,

    Relating to several of the said Governour's Mer-

    cenary and Illegal Proceedings, but particularly his

    private Treacherous Correspondence with Her Ma-

    jesty's Enemies the French and Indians.

To which is Added, A Faithful, but Melancholy Account

    of several Barbarities lately Committed upon Her Majesty's Sub-

    jets, by the said French and Indians, in the East and West Parts

    of NEW-ENGLAND.

 

Faithfully Digested from the several Original Letters, Pa-

per, and M S S. by Philopolites.

 

Printed in the Year, MDCCVII. and Sold by S. Phillips

N. Buttolph, and B. Elliot.  Booksellers in Boston.


[1]

 

 

                                                   A

      M E M O R I A L

        Of the Present Deplorable S TAT E of

          New-England.

 

THE Inhabitants of New-England had for many years

before the Late Happy Revolution, Enjoy'd the Lib-

erty and Property of as Free and Easy a Charter as a

People could Desire; and this too, with as much

Satisfaction and Loyalty on their part, as Malice and Envy

on that of their Enemies; who, from a Persecuting Spirit, looking

upon this their Charter with an evil Eye, took up an Implacable

Resolution of Robbing them of it.  They had no sooner Effected

this, but a vast Scene of Misery appear'd; and they found

among the principal Instruments of this Mischief, One,* whom

their own Womb had brought forth, and whose Breasts had

 Nourished!  But the Unhappy (or rather Happy) Reign of the

Late K. J. running Precipitantly upon its own Ruin, made well

for the deliverance of New-England; without which doubtless

the People had fell a sacrifice to French and Popish Slavery.

 

     [ 2] We shall not Recriminate here the Mismanagements of

the then Governour Sir Edmund Andross, since that Gentleman

is now in a Future State; but by the way, we think it highly

Necessary to say some Matters of Fact, of the present Governour

Dudley, who, (under the said Sir E. Andross) acted as President

of the Council, and One of the Quorum in all his Affairs.

 

     * The present Governour, J. Dudley, Esq. is a Native of New England,

Born at or near a place call'd Roxbury, 2 Miles from Boston:


36*                       A  MEMORIAL  OF  THE  PRESENT

 

     The Behaviour of this Man, as soon as he arrived, struck in

with the first Opportunity to discover him of a Mercenary Inter-

est.  Indeed, the People were something Surpris'd to see the

publick Offices and Places of Trust snatch'd from them, and

Conferr'd on Strangers on one hand, and the Avarice and Beg-

gary of a Crew of Mercenary Fellows, Supported by Extortion

on t'other.  But, when the President was pleased, out of an

Active and Passive Principle, to tell our Countreymen, in open

Council, That the People in New-England were all Slaves; and

that the only Difference between Them and Slaves, was their not

being Bought and Sold: And that they must not think thePrivi-

leges of Englishmen would follow them to the end of the World.

I say, when the People heard this, they lookt upon themselves

in a manner Lost.  On one Hand they saw their Enemies

invested with a full Power in the Government; on t'other they

saw themselves not only turn'd out of the Publick Ministry,

but under a Necessitous Fear of being Quiet, left their Estates

should be Siezed, and themselves Imprisoned.  On this side they

saw their Wives and Children, their Fathers, Mothers, &c. 

Butchered daily by a Handful of Barbarous Indians; on t'other

side, little or no Resistance made by their Armies, which were

Commanded by those of the Romish Religion; insomuch that it

seem'd rather an intended Massacre, than a Desire of putting an

End to a Diabolick and Bloody War.  They saw then, that they

had to their Cost, brought forth a Prophet, who told them they

were Slaves; and they then saw his Prophecy fulfilling: In fine,

they saw all this, but perceiv'd no way to escape; till throw-

ing up their Cryes to Heaven, they were animated by Divine

Power, to Rescue themselves and Children from the approaching

Ruin.

      [3] Under the Pressure of all these Grievances, they Unani-

mously arose, upon the coming in of the late King William, of

Blessed Memory, Siezed the Government for HIS Majesty's Use;

and, amongst the rest of the Authors of their Miseries, not un-

justly Imprison'd this their present Governour.

     From that time New-England took Heart, and concluded

that Heaven was removing from them all the Plagues in their

Land.  They indeed Thankfully Rejoiced to see themselves Re-

stored to their Ancient Liberty, as afterwards in a great Measure

they were by another Ministry.

    And thus much for the former Actions of the Author of the

following Matters of Fact, which has rendered His Love to his

Native Country, His Veneration for the Liberty and Property of

a Free People, His Fidelity, Justice, and Loyalty; in delivering

the Oppressed, and detecting the Queen's Prosess'd Enemies,


DEPLORABLE  STATE  OF  NEW  ENGLAND.                    37*

 

but the Reverse of Good Mens Actions, and ought to be Remem-

bered only as so many Monuments of Infamy.

     But to come down to our Memorial, and inform the World of

the modern Mismanagements of this unhappy Gentleman, we

humbly Declare, That

 

THE Trade with the French and Indians, being so counte-

nanced by the Governour, that without speedy Remedy,

the Country is in great Danger of being Ruined, which will

plainly Appear as follows:

      First, In the Year 1705, The Governour sent his Son William

Dudley, with Captain Vetch, to Canada, under a pretence of

Redeeming Captives; but brought very few back to Boston of

those that were there, and them of the Meanest fort, leaving the

Principal of the said Captives behind, to give them occasion of

going again, that they might have a Pretence to Colour their

Treacherous Design of Trading, as Appears by the said Vetch's

Acknowledgment of going to Settle a Correspondency with the

Enemy, and carrying a Cargo out with him of 800 1. which,

according to their Disposal, [4] might amount to near 3000 1.

as particularly Shot, which was Sold at 13 Sous per Pound;

whereof they carried a considerable Quantity; also Rigging,

Pitch, Iron, and other Necessaries, fit for supplying the Indians

and French, and this done under a Colour, of the said Vetch's

going to get in a Debt due to him, from the French, of 800 1.

with the Governour's Approbation.

     Secondly, For Settling a Correspondency with the French

Governour at Port-Royal, for Exchange of Prisoners; Whereas

it was indeed, only a Cover for an Illegal Trade; when, at the

same time, the French there, were drove to such extreme Hard-

ships, for want of Ammunition Provision, &c. that most of

their Principal People were forced to go out a Privateering

on our Coasts, who were, afterwards taken and brought into

Boston; particularly one Battis, a Man of great Note and Ser-

vice among the Enemy, who had been a Barbarous, Murdering

Fellow, to the English: He, with all the other French Prisoners,

were sent to Canada and Port-Royal, and Discharged; but

great part of our People that were Prisoners, were left behind at

the same time, and that, because our Governour had been false

in his Promise, to the French Governour, who had restrained the

Indians from disturbing our Fishery, and indeed would not

allow them any Ammunition for a considerable time, till our

Governour taking that Opportunity of the Indians great Want,

countenanced a trade with them, and supply'd them by the

Veffels that were sent as Transports (as aforesaid) to fetch


38*              A  MEMORIAL  OF  THE  PRESENT

 

Prisoners; when at the fame time they were made Veffels

of Merchandize, as appears by the Indian Traders on their

Tryal."

      Thirdly, The Country are at a vast Charge, in maintaining an

Army Yearly, to March several Hundred Miles up into the

Country, to Destroy the Indians Corn, the better to disenable

them to Subsist; for they have been so Reduced (as by Infor-

mation of the Captives) that a great part of them would Perish

for Want, were it not for the Supply they had from the said

Indian Traders; who particularly, Sold about Eight Quarts of

Indian Corn for one large Beaver Skin; which Trade has

been all along countenanced by the Governour, which suffi-

ciently Appears, by his being always Unwilling [5] the Prison-

ers taken in that Trade should be Fined, or Punished, even

owned by Vetch, as in his Petition more at large, is set forth.

      Fourthly, The Country was at a great Expence, in Erecting a

Fortification at Casco Bay, and maintaining a number of Soldiers

for securing the fame, thereby to suppress the Enemy, and keep

sure Footing in that part of the Country, and the Governour,

through some Design or Neglect, did suffer those Soldiers to

remain there without any Commission Officer, to the great Dissat-

isfaction and Dread to the Soldiers; insomuch, that they

Declared to Captain Cally, (a Member of the Assembly at Boston)

that when the Enemy came upon them, they would Surrender

the Fort, and dare not Resist for want of a Commission.  Then

Captain Cally made Application to the Assembly, which he

found Sitting when he came to Boston, and they represented to

the Governour, that speedy care might be taken, that some Per-

son might be Commissionated to Command that Fort, which,

with a great deal of Difficulty, was at last Obtained.

     Fifthly, And further, as to the Governour's countenancing

this Private and Illegal Trade, the Country has been at vast

Expence occasioned thereby; insomuch, that at one Sessions

the last Summer, the Assembly were forc'd to raise 33000 Pounds,

for Supporting and Maintaining the Charge they were put to,

by the Enemies Invasions, after they had a Supply; that

whereas, if things were rightly Managed, and the Enemy kept

back for want of those Supplies, one Third Part of the said Sum

might have answer'd the End.  The Indians that were Supply'd

by those Traders, are the only People that destroyed our Eastern

Parts, the Fishery, and the Coast of Accady, and also the very

fame that were at Destroying of New-found-land; particularly

one Escombuet, a Principal Commander among them, who is

generally one that Heads the Indians, when they come to

Destroy the English in New-England.

DEPLORABLE  STATE  OF  NEW  ENGLAND.                        39*

 

     Sixthly, The Governour, with his Son Paul, not being Con-

tent with what Money they come fairly by, and over greedy of

Gain, are very Screwing and Exacting upon the People, parti-

ularly upon sundry Inhabitants, taking away their Priviledge in

catching [6] of Whales, a Priviledge they have Enjoyed many

years before; that is, (under a Pretence of drift Fish) what

Whales are taken by Her Majesty's Subjects, he takes from

them by Force, not giving them the Liberty of a Tryal at

Common Law, but for his own Ends, decides the Matter in

the Admiralty, where his Son Paul is the Queen's Attour-

ny and Advocate, thereby Encroaching the whole to them-

selves, a thing never heard of before, and very much to the

Prejudice of Her Majesty's good subjects there, and that with-

out Remedy.

    Seventhly, As to the Address the Governour Obtained, pre-

tended to come over from the General Assembly at Boston, in his

favour, for his Continuance, it was no more than what he Clan-

destinely procured, by fending to his particular Friends; such,

who being either Related to him, or bore Commissions under

him, dare not deny his Request, and was never approved nor

allowed of by the Assembly; but on the Contrary, had not the

Majority of the Country, waited in Expectation of Her Majesty's

Favour, in fending another Governour, they would largely have

signified their Resentments and Dissatisfaction, in the Adminis-

tration of Dudley's Government.

     Eighthly, While the Great and General Assembly at Boston

were Sitting, there arrived a Flagg of Truce from Canada, with

a haughty Demand of the Governour, for all the French Prisoners,

charging of him with breach of Promise, which was the occasion

of the French Governour's not fending several of the Prisoners,

particularly a Minister that was taken Captive at Derefield,

detained by the French, who might have been Discharged with

sundry others.

     Ninthly,  The Lower House, mistrusting the French Flagg of

Truce coming upon a Trading Design, as well as for Prisoners,

ordered the Flagg of Truce to be diligently Searched, who found

on Board their Vessel sundry new Arms and Ammunition, hid in

Private Places, particularly new Bullets, hid among Pease, and

yet denied by the Commander, who was an English Renagado,

which Ammunition being brought before the Assembly, were

generally concluded to be Bought in Boston; whereupon, the

Governour in-[7] terposing, the Matter was hushed up and Con-

niv'd at, to the great Dissatisfaction of the Assembly, and Coun-

try in general.

 

40*                       A  MEMORIAL  OF  THE  PRESENT

 

     This being realy the State of New-England, and its Provinces,

it may very well be called Deplorable, when it is render'd the

very Scene of Arbitrary Power, with all that's Miserable:  But to

proceed, before I come down to, the several Affidavits upon these

Heads, it is Convenient to Recite some Letters from the Inhabi-

ants of that Place, who, under a deep Sense of their Approach-

ing Ruin, have breath'd forth their Complaints in the following

Words,

Boston, New-England October 2: 1706.

     SIR!

IN AS MUCH, as you have Expected from me, a true and brief

Representation of several Matters, relating to this Province, I

shall, with all possible Faithfulness, endeavour it.  Our Present

Governour is not without a number of those, whom he has by

Promotions and Flatteries made his Friends; but this hinders

not a much more considerable number, from wishing, that we had

a Governour, who would put an end unto the horrid Reign of

Bribery, in our Administration, and who would not infinitely

Incommode Her Majesty's Service, by keeping the People in con-

tinual Jealousies of his Plots, upon their most Valuable Interests.

 

      What the disposition of the People towards him is, you may

guess by this: There was lately prepared an Address from hence,

to the Queen, upon many important Articles; but by certain Arts

there was got into it a Clause, to desire of the Queen, that this

Governour might be continued, the Representatives Voted all the

rest of the Address, but this Clause they absolutely Rejected; they

could not get above Five or Six Votes for it, so the whole Address,

(which was contrived by a Party for nothing but that Clause) fell

to the ground.

     [8] There happened lately a number of Persons, namely, Bore-

land, Vetch, Rouse, Lawson, Philips and Cauplin to be taken

managing an unlawful Trade with the French and Indians, the

Commodities wherein they Traded, were such, that the late Act of

Parliament made their Crime to be High Treason, and we had no

Act of the Province relating to that Matter, but was defectively

Expressed.  Our merciful Assembly was mighty loathe to proceed

unto so severe a Judgment as that of Death, upon these Offenders.

The Offenders Petitioning for it, the General Assembly were (very

much by the Governour's influence) drawn into it, to take the

Tryal of them into their own Hands; and as only Guilty of an

High Misdemeanour, the Vote for it was obtained in a Thin House,

upon an hurry at breaking up; and some Clauses in the Charter

were so Construed, as to Countenance it.  Upon their coming

together again, they would fain have revoked their Votes,  as fear-


          DEPLORABLE  STATE  OF  NEW  ENGLAND.                       41*

 

ing, that the very Persons who had been their Tempters into it,

would turn their Accusers, and improve it by way of Complaint,

for the Enemies of our Charter to work upon; but the Governour

would by no means permit the Revocation of that wrong Step, (if

it were one) so the Tryal proceeded, and the Offenders were Fined

in several Sums, by an Act of the Governour and Assembly.

     It is now laid, that the ingrateful Men who were saved from the

Gallows, by the Tenderness of the Government, are now cutting

our Throats, and Petition home against the Government, for Fin-

ing them instead of Hanging them; yea, it is also said, that the

very Person who was the chief Cause of drawing the Assembly

into this extraordinary Proceeding, intends to make an ill use of

it, against the Country; if you are sensible of any thing of this

nature carrying on, we pray you to add unto the rest of your

Offices, that of an Intercession, that an harmless People, surpriz'd

into any Error, may not be Punished any otherwise, than by the

removal of such as have been the Causes of it; and so much for

that.

      [9] Sir, You would do a vast Service to the Crown, if you would

set forward the designs of reducing Canada, and possessing Nova

Scotia, a much less Fleet than what annually goes into the Indies,

coming early enough in the Spring, may easily do the former, even

in the way thither, and a Scotch Colony might be of good Con-

sequence to do the latter; but if any assistance from New England

should be expected in this matter, it is of absolute necessity that

the Country have a Governour whom the People may somewhat

Rely upon.

    Sir, You are Born to do the Queen and the Nation Service,

you are spirited for great undertakings; you are highly beloved

and esteemed among our People in this Land, and where-ever you

have come, 'tis wished that you may do some considerable Action

in this Affair.

 

     I have been earnestly Sollicited to Address one of the most Illus-

trious Patriots of the English Nation, my Lord High Treasurer,

with some of these Intimations:  That Noble Person is known to be

such a Patron to all good Men, and such a defence of Oppressed

Innocence and Liberties; that we all fly to him as our unquestion-

able Refuge, I am well satisfied there would need nothing (to

speak Humanely) to make this Country Easy and Happy, but for

that excellent Person to have an exact Representation of our Cir-

cumstances, nothing hinders me from attempting  it, but the

hazard of doing what may be thought a presumption in one so

much a stranger to him, nevertheless, I am desired by some consid-

erable Persons to move you, that you would wait upon his Lord-


42*              A  MEMORIAL  OF  THE  PRESENT

 

ship, and fully acquaint him with the Matters now laid before

you.

                                                May the Almighty prosper you;

I am, Sir,

Your Obliged Servant, &c.

Sir

     I may inform you of one Action lately done among us, which

I know you will be pleased withal.  Upon the advice of [ 10] the

extream Distress whereto the French Invasion had brought St.

Christophers and Nevis, the People of New-England, in a most

Chriftian manner expressed their Charity towards those, who

perhaps would have hardly done the like for them, on a like

Occasion.  We made a Collection for the Relief of their Necessi-

ties, the Collection was, as I am told, between 7 and 800 1. in

this Collection, there were two Churches in Boston, the South

and the North, one gave somewhat above a 100 l. the other gave

a little under it.  Certainly, a Country so ready to serve Her

Majesty, and to help their fellow Subjects, ought to have a room

in the Thoughts of all good Men in the English Nation.

     The foregoing Letter carrying with it so many undeniable

Truths, the World must of consequence concede with the gen-

eral Exclamations of the now Distressed New-Englanders.  Indeed

the publick had not been allarm'd with there Distant Calamities,

had the inexorable Authors of them adhered to reitterated

Grievances, from those who too severely suffer'd under their

Protection.  The Author of this Letter, who is a Person of a

character beyond the reach of Envy, and one who is a great

Blessing to his Native Country, had not invoked the protection

and Assistance of others, without a due sense of the Danger his

innocent Neighbours and Country-men were expos'd to.  To

Report all the Letters of Complaint from there Provinces, would

be too Voluminous and tiresome to the Reader; we will only

mention one more, which, tho' short and plain, carries nothing

but Veracity with it.

     Sir

ALL the People here are Bought and Sold, betwixt the Gov-

ernour and his Son Paul; they are so Mercenary, there is

no Justice to be had without Money: There is not one Publick

Place in the Government that is worth Money, but what the

Governour or Paul goes Halves with: In short, the whole Coun-

try is very uneasy, and the People here are so universally set

against him, that Her Majesty can scarce give a greater Instance


DEPLORABLE  STATE  OF  NEW  ENGLAND.                        43*

 

of Her tender Care and Regard to them, than by a re-

[11 ] moval of him, which to my certain knowledge, would be

soon followed by a Sincere and Hearty Acknowledgment of

Her Majesty's Singular Favour to them, in that particular.

R. A.

    In the foregoing Letters we find several things Worthy our

Remark; but I shall only mention the Three following:

 

      (1.) That without Money, there is no Justice to be had in New-

England; So that the meaner fort, Doubtless, is in a Deplorable

Condition; the faces of their Poor being ground to Dust; their

Widows Houses laid Waste, and the hopes of their Offspring cut

off.  From whence we may infer, that New-England having a

Governour, whose God is the Mammon of this World; whose

Principles act Counter to the Design of his Power; and whose

Drift is the Ruin of his own Country; the Inhabitants thereof

have nothing but Justice on their part to Petition Her Majesty to

throw him aside.

    (2.) A general uneasiness under, and opposition to this Gover-

nour, thro' the whole Country.  And this, methinks, might stop

the Mouths of some People here, (who, not knowing the Nature

of this affair, no otherwise than as their Interest leads them to

side with the Governour, or by Virtue of a bare Friendship Con-

tracted with him whilst he Resided in England) and put a

Period to all their Objections in his Behalf; especially One,

unhappily let slip from the Mouth of a Gentleman too well

known for his great Learning and Parts, to be thought so over-

sighted, and that is to this Effect.  If a Governour must be

removed for every trivial Complaint, there wou'd be no End of

such Removals; and Her Majesty Ministry would be wholly

taken up with turning out, and putting in.  I will not pretend to

affirm the Reason that produc'd this hasty Plea for our Criminal

Governour; but sure I am, the Author of it knows too much

Law, than to extenuate the like Crimes in others.  And a weak

Argument I take it to endeavour the influencing our Superiors in

Redressing Grievances of the Subject, when the several matters

of Fact Sworn to, are laid down before them: But [12] to say

no more, this Gentleman has not been the first that has over-shot

himself in Defending things of this Nature.  And

 

     (3dly) A fervent Desire to be eas'd of Oppression, i:e.  That

they might be capable of acknowledging with Respect and

Gratitude, the mighty advantages of such a Deliverance to the

Queen of Great Brittain; to a Queen who is all Justice and Piety,

Peace and Union; and a Queen who will not only hear the Peti-


44*              A  MEMORIAL  OF  THE  PRESENT

tions of her Subjects, but maintain them in their Rights and

Priviledges.  Let not New-England doubt then of finding Re-

dress, from so Great and Gracious a Mistress, notwithstanding the

subtle Designs and Evasions of Evil-minded Men.  And so we

come to present the Reader with a further Account of the said

Mismanagements, by another Hand.

      SOMETIME in the Spring of the Year, 1706,  Mr. Dudley, the

present Governour of the Province of Massachusets Bay,

and New-Hampshire, writ a Letter from Boston, Directed to Mr.

Richard Waldron, and my self, to use our Interest to prevail

with the Council at an Assembly, to Draw up an Address to the

Queen, That Her Majesty would please to continue the said

Dudley in the Government of New-Hampshire.  Whereupon the

said Waldron (after he had Communicated the Letter to me)

drew up an Address, and shew'd it to the Assembly, and pre-

vailed with them to pass it in Both Houses, with little Alteration.

And this is the Address that is now come over from the Prov-

ince of New-Hampshire.  The Assembly was much against it,

but we thought it would be best for us to do any thing that

would please the Governour at that time; considering, that we

were always in danger of the Enemy, and concluded, it was

much in his Power, under God, to preserve us, having often

heard him say, that he would stop the Courier, of the Indians

and French, (when he pleas'd) in a Month or Six Weeks time;

and I did then, and do still believe, that he could prevent the

Indians and French from coming upon us, and Killing us as they

did; for I know that he had Correspondence with a Fryer or

Jesuit, or one so called, a Frenchman that Lives among the

Indians, and hath great influence over them, who writes himself

Galen Emesary.  The Governour to my certain Knowledge, did

order sundry things that were sent him; [13 ] and considering

the great Correspondence (he told me) he had with the Gover-

nour of Port-Royal, it caused a firm belief in me, that he could

do what he would with the Enemy: These, with other Motives,

press'd us forwards to get the Address passed, concluding all

these things would add to our Peace, if rightly improved; and

the Indians, about that time, and for many Months before, had

done little or no Mischief, and for my part, I did really believe, that it was

the Governour's Interest that caused our quiet, but soon found we were Mistaken,

finding out, that much about the same time that Waldren and myself were

forwarding the Address to Her Majesty, to continue Mr. Dudley Governour,

he was countenancing a private Trade with the Indians and French, our

Enemies, as we found by woful Experience:  For soon after those Traders

went to the Eastward, the Indians came sharply down upon us about the latter

end of June last, Killed Six People, Wounded two, and carried away two from

the Town of


DEPLORABLE  STATE  OF  NEW  ENGLAND.                     45*

Almsbury; and a little before they Killed Lieutenant John Shap-

leigh, at the Town of Kittery, and a whole Family, as a Man,

Wife and Children, all Killed and Scalped out of the Township

of Dover; and one Man Killed with Swan-shot out of the Town-

ship of Hampton; and Nine Killed, one Wounded, and one

carried out of the Township of Exeter.  All there Barbarities

were committed before I came from thence, which was about

the beginning of September last; God knows how many have

been thus Barbaroufly Murther'd since.  Captain Vetch, and

Captain Lawson, oftentimes told me, that they had oftentimes

acquainted the Governour with their design of going to the East-

ward upon Trade, and had the consent of him, and did solemnly

protest that they would not have gone without it: And I do

believe, and it is generally believed in New-England, that the

Governour did know of this Trade, and no doubt but that he was

to have a share of the Profit.  When there Traders came from the

French and Indians, one of their Vessels stopped at the Isle of

Shoals, near the Province of New-Hamshire, the Master's Name

was Rouse, who brought to that place from Port-Royal Seven

Prisoners; and Capt. Jethro Furbur being at the said Isles of

Shoales, at the said time when the Vessel came in, heard the said

Prisoners affirm, That the Eastern Indians had no Shot, nor Bul-

lets, nor Lead to make any, and it was very scarce with the

French, insomuch that they could not supply them, so that the

Indians were [14] like to Starve for want of Ammunition; for

great part of their Livelihood depends on their Guns to Kill

Wild Beasts and Fowl, &c. whereby we find it was not the

Governour's Interest he had with the Enemy, to prevent their

coming upon us, but it was for want of Ammunition: And

those Prisoners that were brought from Port-Royal, which Capt.

Furber spoke with at the Isles of Shoals, did further affirm, That

they heard the Governour of Port-Royal say, That be had given

his Letter to the Governour of Boston, that he would not supply

the Indians with Powder nor Shot, but that he would do all he

could to prevent the Indians coming upon the English, and had

been as good as his Word; but that the said Governour of

Boston, or his People, had supplied the Indians with more Ammu-

nition than he was able to do; for the Traders from Boston brought it by

Tuns; and that if this Trade had not been incouraged by the Governour,

we should have had no Men Killed, nor indeed any Disturbance amongst

us.  It is my Belief, and it seems very plain to me, that the Governour

intends to forward the French and Indian Enemy to Destroy all they

can, and keep the Country allarm'd, thereby to put them to such vast

Charges, as will Ruin the whole Government, by Killing some and Impov-

erishing the rest.  There was never such Taxes on the Poor

People as now; 33000 l.  being raised a little before I came away,

46*              A  MEMORIAL  OF  THE  PRESENT

 

and many great Sums not long before that.  I was credibly

Informed that some Persons were forced to cut open their

Beds, and Sell the Feathers to Pay their Taxes.  I don't remem-

ber that ever there :was any of the Indian Enemy Kill'd or

Taken since Mr. Dudley came over Governour, except an Old

Woman, and two others I took to be Girls by their Scalps; and

some few taken near Port-Royal taken by Major Church.  So

that instead of being Destroyed, I wish they be not preserv'd:

For, Six Months before it came to pass, the Governour Mr.

Dudley told me, what Methods the Indians would take when

they came again, and it proved accordingly.  He told me, That

the Indians would not come in any great Body as they used to

do, but they would come in small Numbers, no Number above

Thirty, and so Line the Woods from Dearfield, which is the

South-West side of the Massachusets Government, and all along

the Woods, just within the Towns to Casko Bay, which is the

North-East Part of inhabitants at this time.  And this Method

I am afraid will be continued till the Country is for a great part

Destroyed, if Mr. Dudley be continued Governour.  As for the

Address he ob- [15] tained of the militia of Massachuset's Bay,

it was a forc'd thing; for the Officers are beholden to him for

their Commissions, and if any Refus'd to Sign what the Gover-

nour got drawn, he could put them out, and put in others as he

pleased.

     Thus having given the Publick an Exact Relation of the pres-

ent State of New-England, it remains only that we Produce a

Confirmation of all that hath been said.  To which end we will

begin with the several Affidavits and Depositions already made,

and which are as follows.


DEPLORABLE  STATE  OF  NEW  ENGLAND.                       47*

 

The several Affidavits as they were laid before the Q U E E N

       and Council, relating to the Governour of New-England's

       Mercenary and Illegal Proceedings, but particularly his

       private Correspondence with Her Majesties Enemies, espe-

       cially the French and Indians

 

The Two Affidavits of Mr. John Calley.

JOHN CALLEY of Marble-head in the County of Essex in

New-England, now in London Mariner, Deposeth and saith,

That he doth and hath good reason to Believe, That Her Majesties

Colonies of New-England are in great Danger of being Ruined

by reason of Governour Dudleys Countenancing a Trade, and

Correspondence with the French, and Indian Enemies, and many

other his Irregular pratices.  Also faith, that the said Governour

did in the Year, 1705, send his Son William Dudley with Captain

Samuel Vetch to Canada under a Pretence of Redeeming Captives,

who accordingly went and brought back only a few of the meanest

of the English Captives; Leaving the chiefest of them there for an

Occasion of their returning again to Canada to Trade, and settle a

Correspondence with the French; and that the said Vetch did

carry out with him a Cargo of about 800 lib.  Value in Iron, Pitch,

Rigging, Shot, &c:  Which Cargo upon a Moderate Computation,

might produce near 3000 lib.  And that the said Vetch did also

pretend that he went with Governour Dudley's Approbation to get

in a Debt of 800 lib. Contracted in time of Peace; And due to

him from the French, of which matters and things he this Depo-

nent, hath been credibly informed, and Believes them to be true.

And further saith that it did appear to the General.  As- [17] sem-

bly of the Massachusets Colony in New-England, that Captain

William Rouse was (the better to colour a Trade with the French,

and Indians) sent to Port-Royal with a Flag of Truce, under Pre-

tence of settling a Correspondence with the French Governour

there for exchanging Prisoners; and did Trade not only with his

own Vessel, but had also at the same Time two other Trading

Vessels with him, under his own Direction, and did bring back

Furrs, &c.  To above 2000 lib. Value, and that the said Dudley

did allow one Dishey Foe, a French Prisoner on Parole, to go in

the same Vessel with the said Rouse, who acted as Interpreter

between the said Rouse and the Indians, in Trading with them


48*              A  MEMORIAL  OF  THE  PRESENT

 

and that the said Flag of Truce meeting with one of the two other

Vessels, the said Foe was put into the same with several Goods,

and Merchandises, out of the said Flag of Truce, with which the

said Foe was Trading; and that the said Foe returned again to

Boston, and that when the said Furrs, &c. were brought to Boston,

it was alledged, that they were brought to Pay French Mens Debts

in New-England, but that it was proved that the said Furrs, &c.

were mostly purchased by the Goods carried out in the Vessel of the

said Rouse and were seized, yet cleared afterwards; And the said

Rouse declared to the said Assembly, that he had done nothing but

by Governour Dudleys approbation; and that it appeared to the

said General Assembly that the Enemies distress through want

of Ammunition, Provision, &c. before they were by the English

supplied, occasioned many of them to go out a Privateering on the

English Coast, some of which were taken and brought into Boston,

and were afterwards with other French Discharged and sent to

Canada, and Port-Royal, and among others one Battis a Prisoner

Kept for Murders, &c. by him committed upon the English in

cold Blood, and under a Flag of Truce, and he being a Man of

great note and Service among the French and usually joyned with

the Indians, whilst the English Prisoners were still detained,

because Governour Dudley had as was alledged, falsified his

Promise to the French Governour, who had restrained the Indians

from Disturbing the English Fishery or otherwise; and would not

allow them any Amunition for a considerable time, nor until they

were supplied by the English Vessels sent under the pretence of

fetching Prisoners, about which Letters were produced from the

French Governour.  And this Deponent further saith, that it

appeared to the said General Assembly, that the endeavours of the

Country, by a chargeable maintaining an Army, and sending them

yearly several hundred Miles to destroy the Indians Corn, thereby

to distress and subdue them, have (by their being supplied in their

great Necessities, by such [18] Traders, for great Prices) been in

a great measure frustrated, and that if the said Indians had not

been so supplied many more of them must have perished thro' want;

and that Governour Dudley, generally shewed an unwillingness

that such Traders when taken, should be punished, or Fined; and

further saith, that the above said Colony, was at a great Expence

to Erect a Fort at Casco bay, and to maintain Souldiers for

Securing the same to suppress the Enemy, and to keep sure Footing

in that Part of the Country, yet that Governour Dudley suffered

those Souldiers to remain there without any Comission Officer, to

the great dissatisfaction and dread of the said Souldiers, info-

much that they declared to this Deponent, a Member of the said

Assembly, that if the Enemy should come upon them they would

Surrender the said Fort, and dared not Resist for want of a Com-

mission, and that he, this Deponent coming into the Assembly

then Sitting at Boston; and Informing them thereof, the said

 


DEPLORABLE STATE  OF  NEW  ENGLAND.            49*

 

Assembly Represented to the Governour, the necessity of speedily

Commissionating some person to command that Fort, which after

some considerable time was obtained: And this Deponent further

saith, that the said Colony, hath by reason of such Illegal Trade

been put to vast Expences to secure themselves from the Invasions

of the Enemy; and that in one Sessions the last Summer was

raised by the said Assembly, about 33000 lib.  When as otherwise

one-third part thereof might have been sufficient.  And further

saith, that the Indians, that have been thus Supplyed are the only

People, tltat destroy the Eastern parts of the Countrey; the Fish-

ery and Coast of Accady, and are, as this Deponent hath been

credibly Informed, and doth believe the very same Indians that

were at the destroying of New-Found Land, and headed by one

Escombuct, that usually heads the Indians when they come to

destroy the New-Englanders.  And this Deponent further saith,

that he hath been credibly Informed and hath good reason to

believe; that Governour Dudley doth several ways Illegally exact

from Her Majesties Subjects several Sums of Money, and De-

prives them of the Priviledges in catching of Whales by force,

taking Whales from the Fishers under Pretence of Drift-fish; and

obstructs the course of Justice; and Particularly that one Clap

took by force a Whale from one Newcomb, upon which the said

Newcomb sued Clap, and obtained Judgment against him, and for

which he was cast into Prison, and then was cleared by Governour

Dudley, without any satisfaction made to said Newcomb.  And

this Deponent further saith, that he is informed that an Address

hath been sent to Her Majesty, Representing, as if the People of

New-England Prayed for the continuing the said Dudley, their

Governour; but that [19] he doth in part know, and hath been

informed, and hath great grounds to believe, that the far greatest

part of Her Majesties Subjects in New-England are very weary

under his administration, and that the said Governour Dudley did

cause to be Prepared an Address to Her Majesty, for his Contin-

uance, and the same to be sent up and down the Country, to get

hands thereunto, and that the same was only Signed by such per-

sons as were in Commission under him, or influenced by him.  And

that he this Deponent doth know that an Address was presented to

the House of Representatives, to be Sign'd, Praying for several

Favours from Her Majesty, but because in the said Address a

prayer for his Continuing Governour was inserted, the whole

Address was by the said House Rejected: And that he doth believe,

that if an Address to Remove him hath not been presented, it was

because they had an Expectation that Her Majesty, would suddenly

favour that Countrey with a better Governour:  And further saith,

that wilst the Assembly was Sitting there arrived Flag of Truce

from the French Governour, with a haughty Demand of the

French Prisoners, in New-England, and charging Governour

Dudley with Breach of his Promise, and his permitting English

 

50*              A  MEMORIAL  OF  THE  PRESENT

 

Trading Vessels on their Coasts; whereupon the House of Repre-

sentatives Suspecting the Flag of Truce to come upon account of

Trade, Ordered the Vessel to be searched, and that there was found

on Board the same New Arms and Ammunition, hid in private

places, particularly shot among Peas, yet denied by the Commander

thereof, who was an English Renegado; part of which being

brought before the said House, it was Generally concluded, that they

had been newly bought in Boston; but the Governour Interposing,

the matter was hushed up to the great dissatisfaction of the General

Assembly, and Country in General, and altho' the Assembly

moved the Governour for a strict Guard to be kept on the Vessel or

Flag of Truce, nothing was done.  This Deponent further saith,

that the House of Representatives, Insisted not only upon far

greater Fines to be laid on the foresaid Traders, and others Con-

cerned; but also that they should stand upon the Gallows, and

suffer Twelve Months Imprisonment, and continued insisting upon

the same about Three Weeks; but Governour Dudley, not consenting

thereto, by his Wearying out the said House, and persuading them

to Moderate [2O] their sentence; to the great dissatisfaction of the

Council, and the said House; at last the House altered their Sen-

tence; to the Fines they now Stand Charged with.

John Calley.

Fur. 2 die Jun. 1707

     coram me

Thomas Gery.

 

JOHN CALLEY, of Marble-head in the County of Essex in

New-England, now in London, Mariner, Deposeth and faith,

That about the middle of the Month of May, 1706, This Deponent

was chosen an Assembly-Man, or Representative for the said Town

of Marble-head, to fit in the Great and General Court of Assembly

at Boston, for the Province of the Massachusets-Bay zn New Eng-

land, on the last Wednesday of the said Month of May; and

accordingly this Deponent took the usual Oath and was a Member

of the said Court of Assembly, and that in the beginning of the

said Sessions, the House of Assembly, or Representatives, being

Informed by some Captives redeem'd out of Captivity from the

French and Indians That there were some English Persons Trad-

ing in the Eastern parts of New-England with the French and

Indians; and that one Captain Samuel Vetch was returned to

Cape Ann, from such Trading; whereupon this Deponent was

Authorized by the Governour, Council, and Assembly, to Search for

the said Persons so trading as aforesaid, and to Seize their Goods,

Vessels, and Effects, and in Pursuance of his Commission this

Deponent at Marble-head aforesaid, found one John Curtys Pilot

of the said Vessel, Coming privately on shore, to go to Mr. John


DEPLORABLE  STATE  OF  NEW  ENGLAND.                        51*

 

Borland of Boston Merchant, who was concerned in the said Vessel

and Goods, and Seized the said Curtys, whom this Deponent Carried

Boston, where he was Examined before the Governour, and Coun-

cil:  And there gave an Account upon Oath of the said Voyage and

Trading, as by his Testimony, given in upon the Tryal appears,

and afterwards this Deponent Seized the Sloop or Vessel called the

Flying-Horse, Archibal Furgison Master, and the Resolution,

Thomas Barrow Master; wherin [21] was found sundry Parcels

of Goods brought back again in the Flying-Horse and not Disposed

of tn the Trade abovesaid, and this Deponent put the Vessel and

Goods into the Possession of Mr. William, Pain, Deputy Collector of

Her Majesty's Customs at Boston aforesaid; and amongst the Bills

of Loading, Orders, and Papers, found on Board the Flying-Horse,

it appeared that the said John Borland, Samuel Vetch, and Roger

Lawson were Owners of the said Sloop Flying-Horse, and the Cargo

put on Board her for the Voyage aforesaid: Which Amounts to the

Value of Eight Hundred Pounds, as the find Curtys Informed this

Deponent; whereupon by a Vote of the House of Assembly, a

Messenger was sent for the said Vetch, Borland, and Lawson,

and upon their Examination before the said House, and other

Evidences that were Produced against them, the said Borland,

Vetch, and Lawson, Were Committed to Prison for Treason, in

Aiding, and Assisting, Her Majesties Enemies Contrary to a Late

Act of Parliament made in England: And this Deponent further

faith, that he was sent in the Province Galley to look for other

Persons that had likewise been, and were Trading with the French

and Indians, and it appeared that William Rouse, John Philips,

and Ebenezer Coffin, had also been Concern'd for Illegal Trading

with the French and Indians: And upon their Examinations and

Evidences Produced against them, they were Committed by the said

House of Representatives for Treason as the other were, who were

all Continued in Prison upon their ------- for several Weeks, the

General Court or Assembly, still Sitting, and that the Prisoners

Petitioned the said Court, to be Tryed for High Misdemeanours

only:  Which the Lower House would not consent to, for some

Weeks when the Countrey-men in the General Court being wanted

at Home, upon present Occasions, and to Guard their Families,

being then Invested in several Places by the French and Indians,

who had been supply'd by the laid Traders with shot and other

Necessaries, as by the Evidence appear'd, but were still detained by

the Governour from their Lawful business, who was altogether

averse for Tring them for so Treason, and used Stenuous Arguments,

and his utmost endeavours to Try them for High Midsdemeanours

Alledging (amongst other things) that they had Power by the

Charter to Try them so, and to lay Fines, and Mulcts, and Impris-

onments upon them, Which would be of much greater advantage to

the Country, than to Try them for Treason.  And the said Governour

having Wearied out the Assembly, and Keeping them only on that

 

52*              A  MEMORIAL  OF  THE  PRESENT

 

Affair; and when many of the most Prudent Men of the Assembly

were gone, to their Respective dwellings, he over perswaded the Re-

mainder (which [22] could but just make a House) to alter their Vote,

to Try them for High Misdemeanor's instead of Treason.  As they

were at first Committed, which by his means was consented unto,

and they were all afterwards Convicted of High Misdemeanours,

and fined, as by their Tryal Appears wherein the Govenour still

interceeded for the moderating thereof; and by his means they were

Reduc'd to the several Sums, they now stand Fined for.

 

Collonell Partridges Affidavits.

 

WILLIAM  PARTRIDGE of Portsmouth in the Provirice

of New-Hampshire In New-England; now in London,

Esq:  Deposeth that Sometime in the Month of January, 1702,

Col. Joseph Dudley Governour of the said Province, and of the

Massachusets-Bay, did Dispose of two Great Guns out of Her

Majesties Fort, at New-castle, in the Province of New-Hampshire,

and received the money for the same: And this Deponent further

saith, that one Mr. Theodore Atkinson, being an Officer appointed

to Receive a Duty the General Assembly had laid upon all Boards

and Staves exported out of the said Province of New-Hampshire,

(and Naval Officer there) was threatened by Mr. Paul Dudley

the Governour's Son, and the Queens Attorney to have turned

him out of his Place, for not paying the Money due the Preceed-

ing Year, as agreed for.  And this Deponent Paid Ten or

Twelve Pounds in Part of what was behind, that the said Officer

might not be turned out of his Place, which Sum the said Atkin-

son afterwards repay'd to this Deponent; And that a year or

two afterwards the said Paul Dudley told this Deponent, that the

Governour should turn the said Atkinson out of his Place, for that

he had not Pay'd him all that was agreed for, whereupon this

Deponent acquainted the said Atkinson therewith, who reply'd

that there was not above Five or Six Pounds behind, and he

would Pay it the next Post:  And that sometime in the Month of

August last, as this Deponent was coming away, to his best re-

membrance, the said Atkinson told him he had Paid [23] Twenty

Pounds a year, for both his Offices: And this Deponent further

saith, that having occasion to run the Bounds of a Piece of Land

he had bought in Portsmouth; he wrote to the said Mr. Paul

Dudley to procure the Governour's Order to the Sheriff, to accom-

pany the Persons Appointed to run the Line or Bounds between

this Deponent, and the Adjacent Freeholder, for fear of any

Disturbance, and he would be at the Charge thereof; but sent no

Money, and the said Paul Dudley sent this Deponent word that


DEPLORABLE  STATE  OF  NEW  ENGLAND.                        53*

 

it could not be done, or to that Purpose: And the next Post this

Deponent ordered his Friend in Boston to Pay the said Paul

Dudley Ten Pounds, and thereupon an Order came to this Depo-

nent by the next Post; and the Business was afterwards done in

three or four Hours time; and the Charge to the Officers and

Sheriff was not above the Sum of Twelve Shillings: And this

Deponent further saith, that upon the Fifth Day of August last,

some of the men belonging to Her Majesties Ship the Deptford,

then Riding In the River of Piscataqua; came on shore at

the Town of New-Caste, aforesaid, and took from thence by the

Captains Order as they said one Jethro Furber Master of the

Ship called the William and Richard; and forthwith set Sail and

Carried him to Boston, in another Province; where Captain

Stuckley Commander of the Deptford, and Captain Mathews

Commander of the Dover, entred a Complaint against the said

Furbur, in the Court of Admiralty at Boston, for Shipping two of

their Men: whereupon this Deponent wrote to Col. Dudley the

Governour, how that Captain Stuckley had Carried away the

Master of his Ship, Loaded with dry Fish, bound to Leghorn;

having cleared the Custom-House and obtained the Governours

Pass to the Fort, and earnestly desired Relief: And Inclosed to

the Governour a Protest against the said Stuckley, but sent no

Money either to the Governour, or his Son; neither could he

obtain any Relief; whereupon this Deponent took Horse and

went to Boston and applyed himself to the Governour, acquaint-

ing him, that the Fish on Board his Ship was a Perishing Co-

modity; and if any Water should come into the Ship the Cargo

would be utterly lost; for as soon as Captain Stuckley carried

away his Master, the rest of the Men run away from the said

Ship, into the Woods; And this Deponent was informed the said

Ship swung to and again, in the Tyde, and was like to Sink, and

could not get a Man on Board her: And this [24] Deponent

further informed the said Governour, that there was a great

Fleet of English and Dutch Men of War in the Straits, and if

his Master could Sail before they came out, his Ship would be

out of Danger of being taken, but if the Master was Detained, he

should Lose his Ship and Cargo: And that if the Master had

done anything Amiss he ought to be Tryed at Piscataqua, and

not at Boston; but this Deponent could get no Relief from the

Governour; and thereupon went to the said Paul Dudley, the

Queens Advocate, of the Court of Admiralty, and Offered Ten.

Thousand Pounds Bond, with good security to Pay whatever the

Courts Sentence should be; Provided his Master and Ship might

go: But all in vain, and his Vessel was Detained above Three

Weeks, and when she came into the Straights, the Men of War

was come out Seven Days before the Arrived there, and after-

wards was taken, and further saith not.


54*              A  MEMORIAL  OF  THE  PRESENT

 

[25]

Collonel Partridge's Affidavits,

 

WILLIAM  PARTRIDGE of Portsmouth, in the Province

of New Hampshire, in New-England maketh Oath that

he doth believe that Joseph Dudley Esq; present Governour of

New England, did Countenance a Trade with the French and

Indian Enemies, and saith, that he the said Dudley did keep

Correspondence with one Gallen Emissary, a French Fryar or

Jesuit, that Lives among the Indians; and the said Dudley

owned to this Deponent, that he had a great Correspondence

with the Governour of Port-Royal.  And this Deponent saith,

that Captain Vetch, and Captain Lawson often told this Deponent,

that they had acquainted the said Dudley with their Voyage to

the Eastward, when they Traded with the French and Indians,

and that he Consented thereto; and that soon after they had so

Traded, the Indians came down and Killed Lieutenant John

Shapeley at the Town of Kittery; and a Man, his Wife and

Children in the Township of Dover; and Killed one Man with

Swan-shot out of the Township of Hamptown; and Killed Nine;

and Wounded one out of the Township of Exeter; and about

the latter end of June last Killed Six, and Wounded Two; and

carried away Two out of the Township of Almesbury; all which

Persons were Killed and taken in this Deponent's Neighbour-

hood, as this Deponent hath heard, and verily believes, being

informed so by those that were at most of their Funerals.  And

this Deponent further saith, that there was not to his Knowledge,

any of the Indian Enemies Killed since the said Dudley was

Governour, except an Old Woman and two others, that seemed

by their Scalps to be Girls.  And this Deponent further saith,

that the said Dudley told this Deponent Six Months before the

Invasion by the Indians, that when they came again they would

not come in any great Body, as they used to do, but not above

Thirty in a Company, and so Line the Woods from Dearfield to

Casko Bay, which is above a Hundred Miles, which Method the

said Indians did after take in their said Invasion; but how the

said Dudley came to know that they would so do, this Deponent

knoweth not; but saith, that the said Dud- [26 ] ley often told

this Deponent, that he could stop the Career of the French and

Indians when he pleased, in a Month or Six Weeks time

Will: Partridge.

Jurat Vicessimo primo die Junij

Anno, 1707, Cor. me

W. Rogers

 

 


DEPLORABLE  STATE  OF  NEW  ENGLAND.                    55*

 

Mr. Thomas Newton's Affidavit.

 

THOMAS NEWTON of Boston in New-England, at present

in London, Gent. maketh Oath, that he hath Lived in New-

England for near Sixteen Years last past, and during that time

has been well acquainted with Collonel Joseph Dudley, the

present Governour of the Province of Massachsetts-Bay and

New Hampshire: And that since the said Collonel Dudley was

Governour there, this Deponent was credibly Infomed, that

several Persons having purchased Lands at Nashobah and Nip-

muck, within his Government, and wanting a Confirmation of

their Titles, by an Act of the General Court, (as is usual in such

Cases) they could not obtain the Governour's assent thereto,

without giving him Money, and part of their Lands.  And this

Deponent further saith, that he being Deputed by William At-

wood Esq; to be Deputy Judge of the Court of Vice Admiralty,

as well as of the Collony of Rhode Island, as for the Provinces of

Massachusets-Bay, and New Hampshire, was prohibited by the

said Governour from going to Rhode Island, and Condemning

some Prizes brought in there, unless this Deponent would procure

the Governour One Hundred Pounds, and that his Son should

go Advocate thither; and threatned this Deponent to raise the

Posse Comitantus upon him, if he offered to proceed without

[27] his Order, or License under his Hand.  And this Deponent

also further saith, That one Mr. Stephen Minot, having Built a

very Convenient House for a publick Inn or Tavern, upon a

place called the Neck, the Governour having a Tennant who

kept a Publick House near to it, Prohibited the Justice to grant

a License to the said Minot, tho' it was Requested by the Gen-

eral Assembly; but the said Minot could not obtain a License

for his House, until he complied with the Governour upon hard

Terms.  And this Deponent moreover saith, that Sentence in

the Court of Vice-Admiralty being given by this Deponent for

a Saylor, against a Master of a Vessel for Wages, from which

the said Master appealed to the High Court of Admiralty in

England, but not giving Bond to Prosecute as is usual in such

Cases, Process was granted against the said Master, and the

Mareschal took him into Custody thereupon.  Yet the Governour

abused the Officer, and discharged the said Master contrary to

Law, and by that means the Saylor lost his Wages, and his

Charges and Costs: And lastly, this Deponent saith, that the

people in New-England in general, are much dissatisfied with the

said Colonel Dudley, and would rejoyce to have him removed

from his Government; and further saith not.


56*              A  MEMORIAL  OF  THE  PRESENT

 

 

[28 ]

Colonel Partridge's Certificate.

 

WHEREAS an Address from Her Majesties Assembly, in the

Province of New-Hampshire, in New England, has been

lately sent over, Praying Her Majesty's Continuance of Colonel

Dudley Governour of the said Province; Now the Truth and

Occasion of Procuring and sending the same, was thus:

 

       " Coll. Dudley, who is not only Governour of New-Hampshire,

"but also of the Massachusets-Bay, and lives at Boston, 60 Miles

"from New-Hampshire, Wrote to some Principal Gentlemen, to

"Prevail with the Assembly of New-Hampshire, to Present an

"Address to Her Majesty for the Purpose aforesaid, and in Compli-

"ance with this Desire, and in Order to Prevai1 with the Assem-

"bly, the said Gentlemen Prepar'd an Address accordingly, and

"show'd it to the Assembly, who, in some time after, though with

"Difficulty and Reluctancy, were prevailed on to Sign the same,

"with little Alteration.  The Chief, [29] and indeed the Only

"Inducement to which, was the Apprehension they were then under,

"that it was better for them to do anything that would Please the

"Governour; and that it was in his Power to Contribute much to

"the Advantage and Security, or to the Mischief and Prejudice

"of that Province; and not any Opinion they had of the Conduct

"and integrity of the said Dudley, who is generally Disliked and

"Ill - Thought of in both Provinces, where he is Governour; and

"has given too much Reason and Occasion to Suspect his Regard

"to the Good and Welfare of those Places, especially when his own

"Interest stands in Competition, or a fair Opportunity offers, for

"his Profit and Advantage.

            All which is humbly Certified and Submitted.

                                                                                                Wm. Partridge.

 

[ 30] Thus far the Affidavits of the Illegal and Disloyal

Practices of our Governour.  Can any Man that loves not a

French Interest, call those Trivial; or say, they are not worthy

of the severest Resentments?  With what Face Men now a-days

can go about to Justify Crimes that have so near an affinity to

High Treason, is a wonder to me; and yet pretend at the same

time to be Loyal and True to their Country.  Crimes of the

most pernicious Consequence to a State; and which among all

Nations have been Punish'd with the utmost seventy.  The 

Athenians; notwithstanding the Liberty they gave to some of

their Rulers, yet they appointed a Reckoning Day among them;


          DEPLORABLE  STATE  OF  NEW  ENGLAND.                         57*

 

so that those that thought themselves not accountable whilst in

Authority, found at last a very strict Account to be given to

certain Auditors, and a worser Punishment inflicted on them if

Criminal, than the abused Clemency of this Age can produce:

To do Justice and Right is the most invaluable Jewel in Magna

Charta; and a Blessing which no People in the World can boast

of, like those of the Brittish Nation.  The New-Englanders are of

the same Tribe; have the same Liberty to, and the same Prop-

erty in the Enjoyment of the many Legal Priviledges in that

Charter contained: They are not Slaves, as their conceited

Governour once told them; but have still a right Legally to

oppose his Pride and Covetousness; have still a Right to Petition

for a Better, that will not be Brib'd to do Evil; they have a

Right to tell the World, and that loudly, That for a Governour

to furnish the Enemy with Powder and Shot, &c. to destroy his

own Country-men, is a Wretch not only fit to be Discarded, but

to be for ever forgotten among Mankind.

     The Cryes sent up to Heaven, by the many poor Souls lately

most inhumanely Butchered by the Merciless Indians, with our

own Instruments, have reached the Ears of the Almighty, and

will certainly draw down Redress from him, who is not only Rex

Magnus & Rez Solus, but Judex Supremus, who hath Imperium

sine Fine, as well as sine Limite, to whom we commit all that

hath been already said.

      And now to Conclude all, (that our Readers may have a just

Sense of the unaccountable Cruelties acted by the Indians, upon

our English in New-England) we shall present them with the

following Particulars, lately sent over to us by a very great and

good Man.

[31]

An Account of several Barbarities lately committed by the Ind-

       ians in New-England; Intermix'd with some Memorable

       Providences.

ASTONISHING Deliverances have been sent from Heaven,

to many of our Captives.  They have been many a time

upon the Point of destruction; but, These poor ones have Cryed

unto the Lord, and He has Remarkably delivered them.

 

     'Tis a Wonderful Restraint from God upon the Bruitish Sal-

vages, that no English Woman was ever known to have any

Violence offered unto her Chastity, by any of them:


58*              A  MEMORIAL  OF  THE  PRESENT

 

     'Tis wonderful, that no more of the Captives have been Mur-

dered by them, neither when they were Drunk nor when the

Caprichio's, and the Cruelties of their Diabolical Natures were

to be Gratified.

     'Tis Wonderful, that when many of the Captives have been

just going to be Sacrificed, some strange Interposition of the

Divine Providence has put a stop to the Execution, and prevented

their being made a Sacrifice.  The Stories are numberless. T

ake a few of them.

 

[32] A Crue of Indians had been three Days without any man-

ner of Sustenance.  They took an English Child, and hung it be-

fore the Fire to Roast it for their Supper; but that these Canibals

might Satiate their -- I want a Name for it, -- as well as

their Hunger, they would Roast it Alive.  The Child began to

Swell.  A Cannow arrived at that Instant, with a Dog in it.

The lesser Devils of the Crue, proposed their taking the Dog

instead of the Child; they did so, and the Child is yet Living!

Her Name is Hannah Parsons.

 

      A Man had Valiantly Killed an Indian or two before the Sal-

vages took him.  He was next Morning to undergo an horrible

Death, whereof the Manner and the Torture was to be assigned

by the Widow Squa of the Dead Indian.  The French Priests

told him, they had indeavoured to divert the Tygres from ther

bloody Intention, but could not prevail with them; he must pre-

pare for the terrible Execution.  His cries to God were hard,

and heard; when the Sentence of the Squa, was demanded,

quite contrary to every ones Expectation, and the Revengeful

Inclination so usual and well-known among these Creatures, she

only said, His Death won't fetch my Husband to Life,. Do nothing

to him!  So nothing was done to him.

    

      A Woman was carried aside, by her Monster of a Master; he

fastened a Rope about her Neck; it was in vain for her to; con-

tend, the Hatchet must presently have dispatched her, if the

Halter had failed; she had no Remedy but to Cry unto God:

Her Master throws up the end of the Rope over a Limb of a

Tree; he ascends to hale her and tye her up; and then a fine

Exploit for the Wretch! a memorable Name!  However the

Limb happily breaks down he falls; full of madness he goes to

repeat his brave action: An Indian Commander just in the Nick

of Time comes in upon him; Reproaches him very bitterly;

Takes her away from him; and sends her to Canada.

     But we ought not to pass over the marvellous Display of the

Power of God, in supporting and preserving the poor Captives


DEPLORABLE  STATE  OF  NEW  ENGLAND.                    59*

 

when they Travelled thro' the horrid Wilderness, oftentimes

much more than a score of Miles in a day, and thro' very deep

Snows; [33] and with vast Loads on their Backs, and griev-

ously pinched with Hunger, having scarce one bit of any Refresh-

ment, for whole days together.  Poor, Weak, sick Women have

done so!

 

    One cannot well imagine any other than Supernatural and

Angelical assistances, in some of the instances.

 

    The Indians came upon the House of one Adams at Wells,

and Captivated the Man and his Wife, and assassinated the chil-

dren; whereof one who had an Hatchet struck into his Skull,

and was left for dead, was strangely recovered.  The Woman

had Lain in about Eight Days.  They drag'd her out, and tied

her to a Post, until the House was rifled.  They then loosed her,

and bid her walk.  She could not stir.  By the help of a Stick

she got half a step forward.  She look'd up to God.  On the

sudden a new strength entred into her.  She travelled that very

Day Twenty Miles a Foot:  She was up to the Neck in Water

six times that very Day in passing of Rivers.  At night she fell

over head and ears, into a Slough in a Swamp, and was hardly

got out alive.  She got not the least Cough nor Cold by all this:

She is come home alive unto us.

     Many more such Instances might be mentioned.  We will

supersede them all, with a Relation of what befel Mrs. Bradley

of Haverly.  Ab una Disce omnes.

 

     This Vertuous Woman had been formerly for Two Years

together a Captive in the Hands of the Barbarous Indians; a

subject of wondrous Afflictions, of Wondrous Deliverances.

Her Husband at length found her out, and fetch'd her home, and

their Family went on happily for six years together after it.  But

the Clouds return after the Rain.

 

      On February 6, 1703-4, She with her Sister, and a Maid or

two, and some Children, (a Man being also in the Room) were

talking about the Indians, and behold, one of the Fierce Tawnies

a looked in, with a Gun ready to Fire upon them.  The English-

man pull'd him in, and got him down, and Mrs. Bradly took the

opportunity to pour a good quantity of scalding Soap, (which

was then boyling over the Fire) upon him, whereby he was kill'd

immediately.  Another of the Tawnies follow'd at the Heels of

his [34] Brother, who stabb'd the Englishman to the Heart.

Unto him she dispenfed also a quantity of her Sope, which not

killing him, she with the other Women and Children ran into the

Chamber.  The House was fired by the Indians, and Mrs. Bradly

with her Companions found it necessary to retire behind the


60*              A  MEMORIAL  OF  THE  PRESENT

 

House.   One of the Women fell into the Hands of the Indians;

and they that remained were Mrs. Bradly and her Sister; each

of them having a Child of Mrs. Bradlies with her.  The Sister

was discerned by the Indians, who commanded her to come out

unto them, and threatned that they would else cut her to pieces.

Mrs. Bradly very generously bid her sit still, and wait for a better

time to escape; and offered her, that inasmuch as the Indians

knew of but one there, she would be that one, and go out in her

stead.  She did so, and thereby her obliged Sister and the Child

with her were preserved; but Mrs. Bradly was no sooner come

to the Salvages, but they employ'd a Head-breaker on the Child

that she brought unto them.

    

      She was not entred into a Second Captivity; but she had the

great Encumbrance of being Big with Child, and within Six

Weeks of her Time!  After about an Hours Rest, wherein they

made her put on Snow Shoes, which to manage, requires more

than ordinary agility, she travelled with her Tawny Guardians all

that night, and the next day until Ten a Clock, associated with

one Woman more who had been brought to Bed but just one

Week before: Here they Refreshed themselves a little, and then

travelled on till Night; when they had no Refreshment given

them, nor had they any, till after their having Travelled all the

Forenoon of the day Ensuing; and then too, whatever she took,

she did thro' Sickness throw it up again.

      

     She underwent incredible Hardships and Famine:  A Mooses

Hide, as tough as you may Suppose it, was the best and most of

her Diet.  In one and twenty days they came to their Head-

Quarters, where they stayed a Fortnight.  But then her Snow-

shoes were taken from her; and yet she must go every step above

the Knee in Snow, with such weariness, that her Soul often

Pray'd, That the Lord would put an end unto her weary Life!

until they came to another Place, where they stay'd for three

Weeks together.

  

      [ 35 ] Here in the Night, she found herself ill, and having the

help of only one Woman, who got a little Hemlock to lay about

her, and with a few sticks made shift to blow up a little Fire, she

was in half an Hour Delivered of the Infant, that she had

hitherto gone withal.  There she lay till the next Night, with

none but the Snow under her, and the Heaven over her; in a

misty and rainy season.  She sent then unto a French Priest,

that he would speak unto her Squa Mistress, who then, without

condescending to look upon her, allow'd her a little Birch-Rind,

to cover her Head from the Injuries of the Weather, and a little

bit of dried Moose, which being boiled, she drunk the Broth, and

gave it unto the Child.

 

 

DEPLORABLE  STATE  OF  NEW  ENGLAND.                    61*

 

     In a Fortnight she was called upon to Travel again, with her

Child in her Arms: every now and then, a whole day together,

without the least Morsel of any Food, and when she had any, she

fed only on Ground-nuts and Wild-onions, and Lilly-roots.  By the

last of May, they arrived at Cowesick, where they Planted their

Corn; wherein she was put unto a hard Task, so that the Child

extreamly Suffered.  The Salvages would sometimes also please

themselves, with casting hot Embers into the Mouth of the

Child, which would render the Mouth so sore, that it could not

Suck for a long while together.  So that it Starv'd and Dy'd.

     There they staid until they Wed their Corn, but then some of

our Friend-Indians coming on them, kill'd Seven of them, whereat

away they fled for Canada, and never saw their Corn-field any

more.  But they made a Forty-Days Ramble of it, before they

reach'd thither, in which, if at any time, her Heart began to

faint, her Mistress would be ready to strike the Mortal Hatchet

into her Head.

        [36] The French being thought more Civil to the English than to

the Indians, her Mistress thereat Provoked, resolved, that she would

never Sell her to the French.  AccordIng she kept her a Twelve-

month with her, in her Squalid Wigwam.  Where, in the following

Winter, she fell sick of a Feavour; but in the very heighth and

heat of her Paroxysms, her Mistress would compel her sometimes

to Spend a Winters-night, which is there a very bitter one, abroad

in all the bitter Frost and Snow of the Climate.  She recovered;

but Four Indians died of the Feavour, and at length her Mistress

also.  Another Squa then pretended an Heirship unto her, with

whom she lived, and saw many more strange Deliverances.  They

had the Small Pox m the Family; but she never had it.  She

was made to pass the River on the Ice, when every step she took,

she might have struck through it if she pleased.  Many more

such Preservations might come into her Story.

     At Last, there came to the sight of her a Priest from Quebeck,

who had known her in her former Captivity at Naridgowock.

He was very Civil to Her, and made the Indians Sell her to a

French Family, for Fourscore Livers, where tho' she wrought

hard, she Lived more comfortablyand contented.

     

      She poured out her continual Supplications to Heaven; Some-

times Two or Three of her own Sex, would by Stealth, come to

joyn with her in Supplications to the Glorious LORD.  She had

her Mind often Irradiated with Strong Perswasions and Assur-

ances, that she should yet See the Goodness of God, in this Land

of the Living.  Her tender and Loving Husband, accompanied

Mr. Sheldon, in his Last Expedition.  He found her out, and

fetch'd her home, a Second time; She arriv'd with those of the


62*              A  MEMORIAL  OF  THE  PRESENT

 

Last Return from the Captivity; and affectionately calls upon

her Friends, O magnifie the LORD with me, and let us Exalt

his Name together.

      [37] Because of its having some Affinity with the foregoing

Relations, and that we may at once discharge ourselves of what

we can relate concerning our Captives, we will proceed with a

Coppy of a Letter sent unto one of the Ministers in Boston.

 

[38]

 

A Letter from a Captive at Port-Royal.

Sept. 18. 1703.

'Reverend Sir,

'THE Occasion of my now writing to you is because I lye

'under a Vow and Promise to the Great and Almighty

'God, to declare and make known his Wonderful Goodness and

'Mercy to me, and likewise to have His Name Blessed and

'Praised in your Congregation on my Behalf.  I  shall briefly

'Inform you.

 

      'Being taken a Prisoner sometime last January by the French:

'in going to Port-Royal we met with very Tempestuous Weather,

'and were fast in an Harbour near Cape Sables.  And here two

'Frenchmen had Orders from their Captain to take me with

'them, and go to Port-Royal by Land.  They took with them

'but little Bread; and we Travelled one Night in the Woods in

'a miserable Condition.  I had myself no Shoes or Stockings,

'but a piece of Skin wrapt about my Feet; and the Snow being

'very deep, we could not Travel, being Weak for want of Pro-

'vision, and lost in the Woods, not knowing which way to go.

   

      [ 39 ] ' One of the Frenchmen Loaded his Gun, and Presented

'at me, telling me, That it was impossible to find Port-Royal, I

'must Dye, and they must Eat me.  Then I begged Leave to

'Pray unto God, before he Kill'd me, and he Granted it.  As I

'was at Prayer, it struck into my Mind, That I had formerly

'heard yourself declare in your Pulpit, what Great and Wonder-

'ful Things hath been done by Prayer; particularly, That it had

'stopped the Mouths of Lions, and that it had Quenched the Vio-


DEPLORABLE  STATE  OF  NEW  ENGLAND.                         63*

 

'lence of the Fire.  So I earnestly begged of God, that he would

'manifest his great Power to me, by turning the Hearts of those

'that were about to take away my Life.

     ' The Words were no sooner out of my Mouth, but the French-

'man seeming to have Tears in his Eyes, bid me rise up; he

'would try one Day longer.  And he bid me go and get Wood for

a Fire.  It presently grew Dark; and then I made an Escape

'from them, and hid myself in the Woods, until the next Day

'that they were gone; and then I found the way out of the

'Woods, unto the Water-side, where I got Clams.

 

      'These French-men found the way to Port-royal, and there

told what they had done.  The Governour put them in Prison,

'and rent out Two Men, and Charged them not to return, until

'they had found me, Dead or Alive.  In Four Days after these

'Frenchmen left me, they found me Alive, and brought me Pro-

vision, and a Pair of Shoes, and carried-me to Port-royal.

     [ 40 ] ' These and many other Favours have I received from

'my Good God in the time of my Imprisonment; Blessed and

for ever Praised be his Holy Name for it.  Pray, Sit, give me

Directions what I shall do for the Great and Good GOD.

W.C.

 

[41]

OUR Eastern Indians had no sooner, with all possible Assur-

ance renewed their League of Peace with us, but being

moved by the Instigation of the French, they Persidiously and

Barbarously Surprised Seven more of our naked and secure Plan-

tations; and coming at once into the scattered Families, they did,

on August 10-11,  1703:  Reward the Hospitable Civilities that

were shown them, with the Murder of above Seventy English

People, and the Captivity of near an Hundred.  Upon this there

Ensued Lesser Depredations, and Captivations, as the Treacher-

ous Enemy found Opportunity for them.

     About half a year after there Calamities thus begun on the

Eastern Parts of the Country, the Western had a taste of the same

Cup given to them.  On Feb. 29, 1703- 4.  An Army consisting,

as it was judg'd, of about 400 French and Indians, made a Descent

upon the little town of Deerfield, the most Northernly Settle-

ment on Connecticut-River, which had long been a watchful and


64*              DEPLORABLE  STATE  OF  NEW  ENGLAND.

 

an useful Barrier for the rest of the Plantations in the Neigh-

bourhood.

      They Surprised the Place about an Hour or Two before Break

of Day, and in a little time, not without Loss to themselves,

Butchered and Captivated above 150 of the People.

     Mr. John Williams, the Worthy Minister of that Pious and

Holy Flock, was carried into Captivity, with Five of his Chil-

dren; two of which were Slain; and his Desirable Consort

beginning to Faint at about a Dozen Miles of the doleful Jour-

ney, they there, like themselves, cruelly Murdered her, and left

her for the Funeral which her Friends afterwards bestow'd on

her.  Before they reach'd unto Mont Real, a Journey dispatch'd

by the Parcels now divided in Twenty Days, more or less, near

Twenty more of-the Captives lost their Lives; for the manner

was, that if any found themselves not able to Travel thro' the

Deep Snows now on the Ground, the Salvages would strike their

Hatchets into their Heads, and there leave them weltring in

their Blood.

FINIS.


 

 

                                                  A

 

   Modest Enquiry

 

                                            INTO THE

 

             Grounds and Occafions of a Late

       P A M P H L E T,

                                              IN  TITULED,  A

      MEMORIAL

                                                     OF THE

 

                         Present Deplorable State

 

                                                           OF

             New- England.

 

                                              By a Disinterested Hand.

 

                                                           LONDON:

                                               Printed in the Year, 1707.

 


                                                                                             [ I ]

               A Modest Enquiry into the Grounds, &c.

 

A Pamphlet call'd, The Memorial of the Present Deplorable

State of NEW England, having been received in Town

with various Opinions, according to the different Inter-

ests, or capacities of its Readers; Curiosity led me to

look into it:  And first beginning with the Title-Page,*  I find it

made up (as the Author calls it) of several Original Papers Let-

ters and Manuscripts, Printed in the year MDCCVII, and Sold

by S. Philips &c.  Booksellers in Boston.  Which said Pamphlet

appear'd in Town about the Tenth of July last: upon which

finding Mr Cally's ! Affidavit was made the second of June l707

Mr Partridge's on the Twenty-first of the same Month and Year

(both which are there Printed) and having seen this Memorial

about the middle of July following, which does not give a

Months time for the sending it to NEW ENGLAND, Printing

it there, and returning it again,) I could not help concluding,

that no manner of credit ought to be given to it, upon the single

reputation of the Author.  However to act impartially, I begin

with his first Page, extolling the former happy state of the Prov-

ince in the Charter they enjoy'd before the Revolution : + which

sufficiently shews how they regard the Charter they now have;

and consequently what an Opinion they retain not only of that

Power that took from them their Old Charter, but also of K.

William, who was too wise, to return them their Idol, which he

knew had been often affrontingly us'd in preceding Reigns.  I

know not what the Author means by the unhappy, or rather

happy reign of the late K. J. so will leave it to be explain'd by

himself as it shall hereafter serve his turn. §

      NOW comes a heavy Charge against the late Governour Sir

Edmond Andross, made up of falsity and nonsence; these are his

words, We shall not recriminate here the mismanagement of the

then Governour Sir Edmond Andross, since that Gentleman is

NOW in a future state. ||   Which obliges me to give a short

account of the Revolution in NEW ENGLAND.

       The first account of the Revolution in ENGLAND, came to

NEW ENGLAND by Merchants Letters from Barbadoes; upon

which the People (without any regard to Authority) confin'd the

Governour Sir E. Andros, and Col. Dudley the present Govern-

our; and would by no means listen to the wholesome advice that

was given [2] by the Governour, to maintain the Peace of the

 

            * Title-Page.     ! Pag. 16. Pag. 25.                   + Pag. I. Lin. 2.

§ Pag. I. Lin. 13.          || Pag. 2. Lin. I.


68*              A  MODEST  ENQUIRY,  ETC.

 

Province; and let all things remain upon the fame foot they were,

till they had a more authentick account, and also Orders from

England; to which the Governour declar'd himself most willing

to conform.  These just Arguments could not prevail, they had

got the Government into their own hands; they had formerly

been told by Hugh Peters, and some such Pastors, that Dominion

is founded in Grace; and knowing themselves to be the elect

people of God, they resolved to perfect what they had began;

so over these two Gentlemen are sent Prisoners, who upon a full

hearing before His .Majesty K. WILLIAM in Councel (to the

mortification of their Accusers) are Honourably acquited.  In

consideration of whose faithful Services, and severe Usage, Sir

E. Andross was made by K. WILLIAM Governour of Virginia,

&c, and Col. Dudley Lieutenant-Governour of the Isle of Wight

since which Her present Majesty as a Demonstration of the same

good opinion of Col. Dudley was pleas'd to let his Commission

for Governour of New-England, be one of the first Acts of her

Reign; and also very lately to constitute Sir E. Andross's Lieu-

tenant-Governour of Guernsey;  Happy in Her Majesty's Favour

and good Esteem of him; Honour'd by the Inhabitants of the

Island, who wonderfully admire Her Majesties Choice; and blest

with a considerable Estate, the due reward of his long Ser-vice

and Merit; this is Sir Edmond Andross's present state, his NOW

future state is to me incomprehensible.

      The Legend of Accusations that make up almost two Pages,

and are laid down with so much Acrimony against the present

Governour's proceedings, when President of the Council of New

England, shall not be taken notice of, that having been disallow'd

when Urged before Her Majesty in Council; I shall only make

this remark that K. William the Restorer of our Liberties, would

never have distinguish'd this Gentleman by his Favours, had not

his Innocency been clearly prov'd, not only from his Accusation at

the beginning of the Revolution, but also from the Memorial de-

liver'd in against him by Sir H. A. when K. William had ap-

pointed him Governour of New England, which Memorial as it

put the Governour to a large Expense, it was also attended with

the happiness of her Present Majesty's giving her Sanction, to

what K. William so Judiciously began.

      THUS have I done with the Preamble, and am now come to

the Memorial it self, drawn up in Nine Articles, each of which I

in- [3] tend to speak to separately; but can't do it in any regu-

lar method; part of some Articles being necessary to explain

others.  Therefore I have incerted it Verbatim, that the Reader

comparing the Answer with the Memorial, may be better able to

judge of the Validity of the Accusation.


A  MODEST  ENQUIRY,  ETC.                            69*

 

 The  MEMORIAL.

 

" FIRST in the year 1705, the Governour sent his Son Wil-

" liam Dudley with Captain Vetch, to Canada, under a pre-

" tence of Redeeming Captives; but brought very few back to

" Boston of those that were there, and them of the meanest fort

" leaving the Principal of the said Captives behind, to give them

" occasion of going again, that they might have a Pretence to

" colour their Treacherous Design of Trading, as appears by the

" said Vetch's acknowledgment of going to settle a Correspondence

" with the Enemy, and carrying a Cargo out with him of 800 l.

" which according to their disposal; might amount to near 3000 l.

" as particularly Shot, which was sold at 13 Sous per Pound;

" whereof they carried a considerable Quantity; also Rigging,

" Pitch, Iron and other Necessaries, fit for supplying the Indians

" and French; and this done under a Colour of the said Vetch's

" going to get in a Debt due to him from the French of 800 l.

" with the Governour's Approbation.

      Secondly.  "For setling a Correspondency with the French

" Governour at Port Royal, for Exchange of Prisoners; whereas

" it was indeed only a Cover for an Illegal Trade; when at the

" same time the French there, were drove to such extream Hard-

" ships, for want of Ammunition, Provision, &c, that most of their

" Principal People, were forced to go out a Privateering on our

" Coasts, who were afterwards taken and brought into BOSTON; 

" particularly one Battis, a Man of great Note and Service among

" the Enemy, who had been a Barbarous, Murdering Fellow to

" the English.  He with all the other French Prisoners were sent

" to Canada and Port-Royal, and Discharged; but great part of

" our People that were Prisoners, were left behind at the same

" time, and that because our Governour had been false in his

" promise to the French Governour, who had restrain'd the In-

"dians from disturbing our Fishery, and indeed [4] would not

" allow them any Ammunition for a considerable time, till our

" Governour taking the opportunity of the Indians, great Want,

" countenanced a Trade with them, and supply'd them by the

" Vessels that were rent as Transports (as aforesaid) to fetch

" Prisoners; when at the same time they were made Vessels of

" Merchandize, as appears by the Indian Traders on their Trial.

     Thirdly.  "The Country are at a Vast Charge, in maintaining

" an Army yearly, to march several Hundred Miles up into the

" Country, to destroy the Indians Corn, the better to disinable

" them to subsist; for they have been so reduced (as by Informa-


70*              A  MODEST  ENQUIRY,  ETC.

 

" tion of the Captives) that a great part of them would perish

" for want, were it not for the supply they had from the said

" Indian Traders; who particularly, sold about Eight Quarts of

" Indian Corn, for one large Beaver-skin; which Trade has been

" all along countenanced by the Governour, which sufficiently

" appears by his being always unwilling the Prisoners taken in

" that Trade should be Fined, or Punished, even owned by Vetch,

" as in his Petition more at large is fet forth.

      Fourthly. " The Country was at a great Expense in Erecting

" a Fortification at Casco-Bay, and maintaining a number of Sol-

" diers for securing the same, thereby to suppress the Enemy, and

" keep sure Footing in that part of the Country; and the Gov-

" ernour through some design or neglect, did suffer those Soldiers

" to remain there without any Commission-Officer, to the great

" dissatisfaction and dread to the Soldiers; Insomuch that they

" declared to Captain Cally (a Member of the Assembly at Boston)

" that when the Enemy came upon them, they would surrender

" the Fort, and dare not resist for want of a Commission.  Then

" Captain Cally made Application to the Assembly, which he

" found fitting when he came to Boston, and they represented to

" the Governour, that speedy care might be taken, that some

" Person might be Commissionated to Command that Fort, which

" with a great deal of difficulty was at last Obtained.

      Fifthly.  "And further as to the Governour's Countenancing

" this Private and Illegal Trade, the Country has been at vast

" Expence, occasion'd thereby; insomuch that at one Sessions the

" last Summer the Assembly were forc'd to raise 33000 Pounds,

" for supporting, and maintaining the Charge they were put to,

" by the Enemy's Invasions, after they had a Supply; that

" whereas if things [5] were rightly managed, and the Enemy

" kept back for want of those Supplys, one third part of the said

" Sum might have answered the End.  The Indians that were

" supply'd by Those Traders, are the only People that destroy'd

" our Eastern parts, the Fishery, and the Coast of Accady, and

" also the very same that were at destroying of Newfound-land,

" particularly one Escombuet, a Principal Commander among them,

" who is generally one that Heads the Indians, when they come

" to Destroy the English in New England.

    Sixthly.  "The Governour with his Son Paul, not being con-

" tent with what Money they come fairly by, and over-greedy of

" Gain, are very Screwing and Exacting upon the People, par-

" ticularly upon sundry Inhabitants, taking away their Priviledge

" in catching of Whales a Priviledge they have enjoy many

" Years before; that is (under the pretence of Drift-Fish;) what

" Whales are taken by Her Majesty's Subjects, he takes from


                   A  MODEST  ENQUIRY,  ETC.                           71*

 

"them by Force, not giving them the liberty of a Trial at Com-

" mon Law, but for his own Ends decides the matter in the

" Admiralty, where his Son Paul is the Queen's Attorny and

" Advocate, thereby Encroaching the whole to themselves, a

" thing never heard of before, and very much to the Prejudice

" of Her Majesty's good Subjects there, and that without

" Remedy.

       Seventhly. " As to the Address the Governour obtain'd, pre-

" tended to come over from the General Assembly at Boston in

" his favour, for his Continuance, it was no more than what he

" Clandestinely procured, by sending to his Particular Friends;

" such who being either Related to him, or bore Commissions

" under, him, dare not deny his Request, and was never approved

" nor allowed of by the Assembly; but on the contrary had not

" the Majority of the Country waited in expectation of her

" Majesty's favour, in sending another Governour, they would

" largely have signify'd their Resentments and Dissatisfaction, in

" the Administration of Dudley's Government.

       Eighthly. " While the Great and General Assembly at Boston

" were Sitting, there arrived a Flag of Truce from Canada, with

" a haughty demand of the Governour, for all the French Prison-

" ers; charging of him with breach of Promise, which was the

" occasion of the French Governours not sending several of the

" Prisoners, particularly a Minister that was taken Captive at

" Derefield, detain'd [6] by the French, who might have been

" discharg'd with sundry others.

      Ninthly. "The Lower House mistrusting the French Flag of

" Truce coming upon a Trading Design, as well as for the Prison-

" ers, order the Flag of Truce to be diligently searched, who

" found on Board their Vessel sundry New Arms and Ammuni-

" tion hid in private places, particularly New Bullets hid among

" Pease, and yet denied by the Commander, who was an English

" Renegade, which Ammunition being brought before the Assem-

" bly, were generally concluded to be Bought in Boston, where-

" upon the Governour interposing, the matter was hushed up and

" conniv'd at, to the great dissatisfaction of the Assembly and

" Country in General.

     The First and Second Articles are mostly concerning the affair

of the private Trade, which shall not be medled with by me, it

lying at present before Her Majesty undetermin'd; but if any

Persons are curious to know that matter, I presume that Mr

Phips Agent for that Country will fully satisfie them, if they are

not perversely bent against whatever makes out the Governour's

Innocency.  The Gentlemen that carried on that Trade, was so

 

 


72*              A  MODEST  ENQUIRY,  ETC.

 

far from finding, any Favour from the Governour, (which they

might have assur'd themselves of, if he had had any concern with

them) that the Extremity of the Laws of New England were put

in force against them, and a heavy Sentence passed upon them,

from which Sentence they Appeal'd to Her Majesty, who refer'd

them to the Lords Commissioners for Trade, where the cause was

argued in the behalf of the Petitioners, by that Learned and Ju-

dicious Lawyer, Mr West so much to the satisfaction of the Lords

Commissioners, that a Report was made in their favour.  Upon

which Her Majesty in Councel, was graciously pleas'd to order all

the Acts and Proceedings against them to be Repeal'd, and de-

clar'd null and void.

      The Third Article Deplores the miserable state of the Country

in the vast Charge they are at by defending themselves against

the Indians.  Much can't be said upon this occasion, for as War

in all Countries is attended with Expense, it is not to be expected

New England can be wholly exempted from it, but whoever will

consider the largeness of the Country to be defended, (the Fron-

tier being more than 200 Miles) and the number of the Enemys

to encounter with, must admire the Excellency of the Governours

Administration; that so much is done with so little Expence,

either of Blood or Treasure.

     [7] The Fortifications at Casco Bay mentioned in the Fourth

Article was repair'd and made Tenable by the present Governour,

who took care to keep a good Garrison in it, for the Defence of

the Country on that side; formerly Coll. March afterwards Capt.

Moody commanding in it.  How it came to be without a Com-

mission Officer, or whether it was; so (as this Gentleman complains)

I can't find upon the strictest enquiry, neither am I obliged to

believe it; but admitting it; several occasions, as marching out

with a Detachment, or the like, are not only Justifiable but

necessary.  The Summ of this heavy Charge is, that upon the

first notice that an Officer was wanting, the Governour sent one,

and the Fort is still in the possession of the Government.  Either

the Garrison (admitting they had no Commission Officer) must be

ignorant of Military Discipline, or inclin'd to Mutiny; otherwise

they ought to have submitted to the command of a Serjeant,

whose Halberd was a sufficient Authority for such a Command

upon any Emergency.

      The Fifth Article tells you the Summ that was given last Year

for supporting the Expenses of the War &c, which the Third

Article makes very heavy, but does not name.  And here it is

done so obliquely, that the Author would endeavour to insinuate,

as though the Summ of 33000 l. was raised more than once last

Year; which if it had been, he would have told you in plain


A  MODEST  ENQUIRY,  ETC.                           73*

 

words.  If I will believe that so much was given as above men-

tion'd, 'tis intirely upon the reputation of the Author, who in

some cases ought to produce Testimonials.  But admitting it;

consider what is to be done with it, and the Wonder will be on

the other side. 33000 l.  New England Money, deducting the

Discount, is reduced to less than 22000 l. Sterling.  Any Man

that considers the pay of the Army which consists of 1900 Men;

Maintaining the Garrisons, Providing Magazeens, The constant

Charge of the Province Gally, The accidental occasions of hiring

Transport Ships, together with the other Incidentals that must

necessarely accrue; will rather admire how so small a Summ could

answer such large and expensive Occasions.  I am fearful the

Governour whose Sallery comes also out of the above mentioned

Summ, is able to speak fealingly of the frugality of the Country. 

If less Summs had done under preceeding Governours in time

of War, our Author would not have fail'd letting the World know

it.  I acknowledge some damage has been formerly done in the

Eastern Parts of New England by the Indians, and that Escom-

buet did command those Indians, who in conjunction with the

[8] French made the Descent upon Newfound-Land, and be it

also remembr'd to the Honour of the Governour, that this very

Escombuet upon his drawing off from the Fort at Newfound-Land,

released several English Captives, upon promise that all endeav-

ours should be us'd at the British Court, for removing Coll.

Dudley from the Government of New England.  That an Indian

who is a profess'd Enemy to the English American Settlements,

and these Gentlemen, should Joyntly endeavour the removal of the

Governour, is worth observing, I shall only make this remark on

it, that as Escombuet used formerly to make those Devastations in

New England, which by the Wisdom and Vigilance of the Gover-

nour are now Prevented, so these Gentlemen (he being kept at a

distance) are less capable to carryon any affairs with him, if they

are so inclined.

     The Sixth Article contains a very Grevious Accusation against

the Governour and his Son, and if the Facts were true, might

demand Justice, but as it is, it serves only to demonstrate the

Innocency of the Governour, and the Malice of the Accusers.

They say he Decides the Priviledge of Whale Fishing, claim'd by

the People, and yet that it is Decided in the Admiralty; when all

the World must know, that the Governour if he has any Interest

in any of the Courts of Justice, it must be in the Common Law

Courts, and not in the Admiralty, where the Judge has an Inde-

pendant Commission from England, and no manner dependency

upon the Governour.  As for Mr. Paul Dudley's being Advocate,

let Coll. B--ld the Judge clear himself if he be any ways byass'd

thereby.  But it must be allowed far more probable, that the same

Mr. Paul Dudley, as the Queen's Attorney General, and the de-


74*              A  MODEST  ENQUIRY,  ETC.

 

pendance of the Courts upon the Governor, could much better

Byass any other Court than that; so that nothing can better

demonstrate the Governours innocency, than bringing forth

Groundless matters in charge against him.  If any Encroach-

ments have been made upon the People by the Court of Admi-

ralty, let the Judge answer it; but whether it be so or not this

Article (as the others) is an abuse upon the Governour.

     How it hapened that no Address from the General Assembly

at Boston was presented to Her Majesty, by the return of the last

Fleet I know not; but am certain that the Honourable the As-

sembly are little beholden to this Author for the Reasons by him

given in the Seventh Article, so many occasions calling for one;

as Congratulating Her Majesty upon the Great and Glorious

[9] Successes of the preceding Year, a Gratefull tender of their

Allegiance and Duty to Her Majesty, &c. which makes me con-

clude that some Occasions have interven'd, betides what this

Memorialist has given.  'Tis wonderful that this Honourable

Body are full of Resentments, and Dissatisfaction in the Admin-

istration of Coll. Dudley, and yet not write one word of Complaint

against him, and the Reason that is given is yet more remark-

able, Viz.  They expected Her Majesty would send another.  If the

Governour's Administration is or has been oppressive, the Assem-

bly are Deficient in their Duty to Her Majesty, in not making

their Complaints, as on the contrary to the Governour, in not

giving him his due praise if merited.  The four Addreisses an-

nex'd to this, as they recommend the Governour to Her Majesty,

worthy the Station She has been pleas'd to Honour him with,

and unanimously beg Her Gracious Continuance of him, so I

must conclude the delay of an Address from the Assembly, has

not been thus long retarded by any dissatisfaction to the Gov-

ernour, but however will not take upon me to be their Advocate

for such a surprising omission.  Having no manner of reason to

suspect that the Honourable Assembly have less regard for the

Governour now, than they had when they presented their last

Address to Her Majesty, I have also annexed that with the

others.

    As to the Eighth Article; upon the coming of the Flag of

Truce, there was a general Exchange of Prisoners, when unhap-

pily five or Six Children were got amongst the more distant In-

dians, so could not be exchang'd so early as the others, but were

included in the Article.  The Minister taken at Derefield was

the Reverend Mr Williams, who also was exchang'd at the same

time with the other Prisoners, but by a Particular Agreement,

which obliges me to explain the Story of Battis mention'd in the

Second Article.  This Man after he was taken Prisoner, was

accused of several Murders, but no sufficient proof being made


A  MODEST  ENQUIRY,  ETC.                           75*

 

out against him, he remained a Prisoner of War; the Governour

who knew him to be an acceptable Leader amongst the Indians,

not being willing to part with him though often demanded; till

understanding that the Reverend Mr Williams could have his

Enlargement upon no other terms; the Governour in respect to

Mr Williams submitted to it.  This Author that accuses the

Governour, for discharging Battis, and at the same time deplores

the hard Fate of Mr Williams's Captivity, could not be ignorant

of the Return of Mr Williams, as well as of Mr Battis's Dis-

charge.

     [ 10] The Ninth Article as it commends the Vigilancy of the

Assembly, so it no ways concerns the Governour, but because

the Reader may think the Arms and New Bullets that were

found in the French Ship of Truce, were sufficient to Arm the

whole French Settlement, take the account as it is.  Upon a

Suspition that some Clandestine Trade was managed by this

Truce Ship, the Assembly Deputed some of their Own Body to

search the Ship, who found in it Five Fuzee's, which they brought

with them, and fifteen Pounds of Small-shot; enough to shoot a

few Sea Fowle in their return, (as indeed that was the true mean-

ing) but not to annoy an Enemy, or defend themselves.  The

Governour's interposing and getting the matter hush'd up to the

dissatisfaction of the Assembly, and Country in general, as this

Memorialist says, is trifling, and needs no other Reply but

Laughter.

       I would willingly have omitted reciting any other parts of this

Pamphlet, the Author having, as he says, including in the Pre-

ceeding Nine Articles, all the * Modern Mismanagements of the

Governour, and also the Particular Grievances that afflict the

Province: But a little afterwards he tells you that out of the

! Vaste number of Letters of Complaints that are come over

against the Governour, the TWO that he has Publish'd are Emi-

nently distinguishable; the first for the + Character of the Gen-

tleman that writ it, who is a Great Blessing to his Native Country.

The other for the || Shortness, Plainness, and Veracity.  There-

fore I rather submit to let them have a place here, than leave it

to any Prejudiced Person to say that Partiality Curtail'd such

material Evidences.

 

* Pag. 3. Lin. 19.                      + P. 10. Lin, 19.

!  P. 10. Lin. 24.                       ||  P.10. Lin. 26.


76*              A  MODEST  ENQUIRY,  ETC.

 

Boston. New England, Octob. 2d, 1706.

    SIR ,

IN AS MUCH as you have expected from me, a true and brief

Representation of several Matters relating to this Provence, I

shall with all possible faithfulness endeavour it.  Our present

Governour is not without a number of those whom he has by Pro-

motions and Flateries made his Friends; but this hinders not a

much more cosiderable Number, from wishing that we had a

Governour who would put [II] an end unto the horrid Reign

of Bribery zon our Administration, and who would not infinitely

incommode her Majesty's Service, by keeping the People in con-

tinual jealousies of his Plots upon their most Valuable Interests.

     What the disposition of the People towards him is, you may

guest by this.  There was lately prepar'd an Address from hence

to the Queen, upon many Important Articles, but by certain Arts

there was got into it a Clause, to desire of the Queen, that this

Governour might be continued; the Representatives Voted all the

rest of the Address, but this Clause was absolutely rejected; they

could not get above five or siz Votes for it, so the whole Address

(which was Contrived by a Party for nothing but that Clause) fell

to the Ground.

       There happened lately a Number of Persons, namely, Bouland,

Vetch, Rouse, Lawson, Philips, and Cauplin, to be taken managing

an unlawful Trade with the French and Indians, the Commodi-

ties wherein they Traded were such, that the Act of Parliament

made their Crime to be High Treason; and we had no Act of the

Province relating to that Matter, but was defectively exprest

Our Merciful Assembly was mighty loath to proceed unto so severe

a Judgment as that of Death upon these Offenders.  The Offen-

ders Petitioning for it, the General Assembly were (very much by

the Governour's Influence) drawn into it, to take the Tryal of them

into their own hands; and as only Guilty of an High Misde-

meanour, the Vote for it was obtain'd in a Thin House, upon a

hurry at Breaking up, and some Clauses in the Charter were so

construed as to Countenance it.  Upon their coming together again,

they would fain have revoked their Votes, as fearing that the

very Persons who had been their Tempters into it, would turn their

Accusers, and improve it by way of Complaint, for the Enemies

of our Charter to work upon; but the Governour would by no

means permit the Revocation of that wrong step, (if it were one) so

the Tryal proceeded, and the Offenders were Fined in several

Sums, by an Act of the Governour and Assembly.

It is now said that the Ingrateful Men who were saved from

the Gallows, by the Tenderness of the Government, are now cutting


A  MODEST  ENQUIRY, ETC.                              77*

 

our Throats, and Petition home against the Government, for Fining

them instead of Hanging them; yea it is also laid, that the very

Person who was the chief cause of drawing the Assembly into this

Extraordinary Proceeding, intends to make an ill use of it against

the Country; If you are sensible of any things of this nature car-

rying on, we [12] pray you to add unto the rest of your Offices,

that of an Intercession, that an harm left People, surpriz'd into an

error, may not be punish'd any otherwise, than by the removal of

such as have been the cause of it; and so much for that.

      Sir, You would do a vaste Service to the Crown, if you would

set forward the Designs of reducing Canada, and Possessing Nova

Scotia, a much left Fleet than what Annually goes into the Indies,

coming early enough in the Spring, may easily do the former, even

in the way thither; and a Scotch Colony might be of good Conse-

quence to do the latter; but if any assistance from New England

should be expelled in this matter, it is of absolute necessity that the

Country have a Governour whom the People may somewhat rely

upon.

     Sir, You are born to do the Queen and the Nation Service; you

are spirited for great Undertakings, you are highly beloved and

esteemed among our People in this Land, and wherever you have

come; 'tis wished you may do some considerable Action in this

Affair.

     I have earnestly solicited to Address one of the Most Illustrious

Patriots of the English Nation, my Lord High Treasurer, wtih

some of these Intimations.  That Noble Person is known to be

such a Patron to all Good Men, and such a Defence of Oppressed

Innocence and Liberties, that we all fly to him as our Unquestion-

able Refuge, I am well satisfy'd there would need nothing (to

speak Humanely) to make this Country easie and happy, but for

the Excellent Person to have an exact Representation of our Cir-

cumstances; nothing hinders me from attempting it, but the

hazard of doing what may be thought a Prisumption in one so

much a stranger to him:  Nevertheless I am desired by some Con-

siderable Persons to move you, that you would wait upon his

Lordship, and fully acquaint him with the Matters now laid

before you.

May the Almighty prosper you,

I am Sir,

Your Obliged Servant &c,

          [13 ] Postscript,

      Sir, I may inform you of one Action lately done among us,

which I know you will be pleas'd withal:  Upon the advice of the

 

 


78*              A  MODEST  ENQUIRY,  ETC.

 

Extream Distrest, whereto the French Invasion had brought St.

Christophers, and Nevis; the People of New England in a most

Christian manner, express'd. their Charity towards those, who per-

haps would have hardly done the like for them on a like occasion.

We made a Collection for the Relief of their Nececsities, the Col-

lection was I am told, between Seven and eight hundred Pounds,

in this Collection there were two Churches in Boston, the South

and the North, one gave somewhat above a 100 1. the other gave a

little under it.  Certainly a Country so ready to serve her Majesty,

and to help their fellow Subjects, ought to have a room in the

thoughts of all Good Men in the English Nation.

 

     The Reverend Mr C. M. Author of the foregoing Letter has

gain'd fo much upon the blind Obedience of the Inferiour fort of

People in New England, by his seeming Sanctity, and has so

insinuated himself into the opinion of some of good Credit here,

under the notion of a Patriot, that in order to let them see the

Man; it becomes necessary to say a few words of him in General,

and of this Letter in Particular.  He begins with promises of

all Possible Faithfulness in his Relation, and then tells you that

the Friends of the Governours, by Promotion or Flattery, are

made so numerous, that one might naturally conclude he must

carry whatever he proposes; those that oppose the Governours

Proceedings having as he intimates no other power than Wishes,

whereas in the second Paragraph the Scene is quite chang'd; for

an Address being prepared to Her Majesty upon many Important

Articles, it was Rejected for the sake of a Clause brought in, to

desire Her Majesty's Continuance of the Governour.  'Tis pitty

the Important Affairs of the Province should be retarded upon

any Private Account:  But afterwards to thew you those Impor-

tant Articles were not of the last consequence, he tells you the

whole Address was contrived by a party for nothing but a Clause

about the Governour.  When it best answers the Ends of these

People, then the Governour's Interest is so great that all things

are transacted at his pleasure, whereas at other times they wont

allow him to have Interest enough to support the Dignity of his

Station.  I have in the Answer to the Seventh Article said what

I thought necessary about the Assembly's not Addressing Her

Majesty.

     [ 14] The Third and Fourth Paragraphs are wholly upon the

Indian Trade, so must expect the fame Answer that was given to

the Two first Articles of the Memorial.  Be pleas'd only to ob-

serve that whereas in several parts of the Pamphlet the Gover-

nour is censur'd about the Tryal of the Gentlemen accus'd of the

Trade, here 'tis plain 'twas wholly done by the Assembly, for

which reason this Gentleman calls them the Merciful Assembly,

and speaking of the Tryal calls it the Tenderness of the Govern-


A  MODEST  ENQUIRY,  ETC.                           79*

 

ment &c and in truth they ought to take it all to themselves. 

For the Traders were at first committed by the Lower House of

Assembly upon suspicion &c, and the second time by the same

House for High Misdemeanour without Col. Dudley's Knowledge

or Privity, neither was their any mention of Treason in either

of their Commitments duly attested:  But to be more clear, the

Laws of New England then in force could make it no more than

High Misdemeanour, though since, that defect is provided against

by the Direction of the Governour, for an act is past in New

England, declaring such proceedings High Treason.

     'Tis of no signification to insinuate that the Assembly were

drawn into this Proceding by the Governour, the Governours

Interest (as the second Paragraph of this Letter says) not being

able to get more than fix Voices upon a more Important Occa-

sion.

     The Pride and Vanity of the Man is very remarkable in his

Fourth Paragraph presuming to Intrench upon the Office of his

Superior's in laying down Military Scheames, opposite to those

that are now Transacting in his Native Country, and proposing

the advantage (upon success) to those that in all probability will

have no hand in the attempt.

     I will not pretend to guess who is meant by this Paragraph,

Sir, You are born to do the Queen and Nation Service &c.  But

will assure you, Sir. that Col. Dudley before he left England had

abundance of Letters from New England fill'd with the like

Rhetorick, some of them near of kind to the Gentleman that

writ this:  Therefore let not the Gentleman to whom this is di-

rected, propose to himself if ever he becomes Governour, (as I

see no likelihood of it) to be better used than Col. Dudley and

his Predecessors have been; If he will be also steady in the

performance of his Duty to Her Majesty and the Nation. 

The same Causes will always be attended with the same Confe-

quences; and the Hereditary Rancour that appears in this

[15] Holy Man's Letter, as well as ill many of his Actions, will

Everlastingly be Opposite to Government, even though it were

Angelical.

     What Mr C. M. says in his last Paragraph is so exceeding just

that 'tis surprising to find it from the same Pen. -- All Mankind

must concur with the Honourable Character that he there gives

my Lord Treasurer, he is justly by him stiled, A Patron to, all

Good Men.  A Defence of Oppressed Innocency and Liberty.  'Tis

for these and his many other valuable Qualities, that Her Majesty

in Her Consummate Wisdom, has thought fit to place him in so

exalted a Station; and 'tis from his Patronage, that all those that


80*              A  MODEST  ENQUIRY,  ETC.

 

wish well to New England; assure themselves that that Province

will Flourish in spight of Faction, and the Governour be confirm'd

to the confusion of his Opposers.  Whether the Address (at the

End of this) from the whole Body of the Clergy of New England,

Gratefully acknowledging Her Majesty's Favour, in Appointing

and Continuing, Col. Dudley their Govern our, (the like of which

was never before seen from that Venerable Body under any Ad-

ministration) ought to be less regarded than the Venomous Letter

of one Malecontent Priest, let Impartiality determine.

     I have done with the Letter, but the Postscript, though Foreign

to the Occasion will admit of this remark; That a Body of People

that have been so liberal in their Charity to their SufferingNeigh-

bours, must (Generally speaking) be better Christians, (however

Characteriz'd by Mr C. M.) than to trouble Her Majesty, with

Groundless Complaints against the present Governour, whose

steady Loyalty, Great Knowledge, and unparallel'd Clemency, is

endeavouring to make them Happy, and Flourishing, even against

the Opposition of some Turbulent Spirits, that can't endure Con-

formlty either in Church or State.

     Mr C. M would have been more ingenuous, being he thought

fit to mention this Charity, if he had given a faithful account of

it, and told you, that the Tenderness of the Governour, (whose

designs of doing good are very extensive) had by a Brief, (the

Copy of which you'1 find at the End) excited the People to this

Act of Charity: And after the Money was Collected, saw it laid

out in Provisions, and rent to them; which in their unhappy Cir-

cumstances, was of the utmost consequence.  Whilst this Reverend

Gentleman, is speaking of this Charity of the Province to St.

Christophers and Nevis in their Distress, be pleas'd to observe his

own Charity:  The People of New England in a most Christian

manner express'd  [16] their Charity towards those, who perhaps

would have hardly done the like for them upon a like occasion.

     A small Tract of Religion coming to my Hands a few years

since, Written by the Reverend Mr. C. M I could not without

some remark take notice of a Passage in the Preface, which is to

this effect, That being arrived at the Thirty second year of his

Age, he had also Publish'd Thirty two Volumns; However I con-

cluded that experience would rectifie a little youthful vanity,

which I thought was atton'd for; by the ability and inclination

the Man had to do Good; but I find him in Spirituals as failable

as in Politicks, or he would not have attempted a Pretended

Vision, to have converted Mr Frasier a Jew, who had before con-

ceiv'd some good Notions of Christianity:  The Consequence was,

that the Forgery was so plainly detected that Mr C. M consest it;

after which Mr Frasier would never be perswaded to hear any

more of Christianity.

 

 

 

A  MODEST  ENQUIRY,  ETC.                           81*

 

     The Particular I am now going to speak to, should have been

omitted, but without it the Doctors way of Aequivocating could

not be so well known.  The story is this:  A Gentlewooman of Gay-

ety, near Boston, was frequently visited by the Reverend Mr. C. M.

which giving offence to some of his Audience, he promised to

avoid her Conversation.  But Good intentions being frustrated

by Vicious Inchnations, he becomes again her humble Servant;

this Reciprocal promise being first made, that NEITHER OF

THEM SHOULD CONFESS THEIR SEEING EACH

OTHER:  However it becoming again publick, his Father

accused him of it, who after two or three HEMS to recover him-

self, (like Col. Partridge at the Council-Board) gave this Aequivo-

cal Answer, INDEED, FATHER, IF I SHOULD SAY I

DID SEE HER, I SHOULD TELL A GREAT LYE.

This is the Gentleman distinguishable for his Character; next

comes the Letter, Short, and Plain, and nothing in it but

Veracity.

 

     SIR,

    ALL the People here are bought and sold betwixt the Gover-

nour and his Son Paul; they are so Mercenary that there

is no Justice to be had without Money; there is not one Publick

place in the Government, that is worth Money, but what the Gov-

ernour or Paul goes halves with.  In short, the whole Country is

very uneasie, and the People here are so universally set agaznst him,

that Her Majesty can scarcely give a greater influence of Her ten-

der care and regard to them, than by a removal of him, which to

my certain knowledge would be [17] soon follow'd by a sincere

and Hearty Acknowledgment of Her Majesty's singular Favour

to them in that Particular.

 

      I am sorry I am obliged to take notice of Mr Ar--ngs Letter,

but as it is produced in Evidence, against the Governour and his

Son, and as the Author of the New England Memorial draws

Inferences from this, and the foregoing Letter, it becomes neces-

sary upon this occasion to look into it, but with the utmost ten-

derness and compassionate regard, for the present Circumstances

of the Gentleman, which I am told are very contracted, I think

Mr Ar--nge is very little beholden to his Correspondents in Lon-

don for so publickly exposing a Letter, which must be attended

with very uneasie consequences to him, if the Clemency of the

Governour and his Son is not very remarkable.  Nothing to an

Impartial Reader can be a greater argument of the Uprightness

of the Governour and his Son, than to find that the Rancour of

this Man, has not thought fit to give one particular instance, to

 

 


82*              A  MODEST  ENQUIRY,  ETC.

 

Corroborate his General Accusation.  He should have told us in

particular who are the People that are Bought and Sold, and

given some instances of corruption in Judicial Proceedings, or

any other parts of the Governour's Administration and have

nam'd the Sums of Money Criminalty Gain'd and Divided. 

Sure I am, it is not the effects of his good nature, that makes

him forbear mentioning any of the Particulars by me enquired

after.

      His advising:  Her Majesty to remove, the Governour, assuring

Her, that to his Own certain knowledge twill be very acceptable

to the People, is such an exceeding instance of the Impudence

of the Man, that can scarcely be parallel'd even amongst the

whole body of the Seditious.  And then he concludes, the Prov-

ince will become sincere and hearty Acknowledgers of Her Majes-

ty's singular Favour to them in that Particular.

      I should injure the respect that's due to the Honourable the

Council and Assembly of Massachusetts Bay, to imagine they will

neglect inquiring into the Authority this Man has, for thus

Saucily advising Her Majesty, nay even telling Her, that Sin-

cerity and hearty Acknowledgments, are only to be expected to

Her Majesty from New England, upon the Terms by Him Pre-

scribed.

      The Two preceeding Letters produce three subsequent In-

ferences, viz.

       [18] I. THAT WITHOUT MONEY THERE IS NO

JUSTICE IN NEW ENGLAND.*

      What a Dismal Character is here given of the whole People

of that Flourishing Country, Clergy and Laiety, Merchant and

Peasant &c, are all involved in this heavy Accusation.  If this be

true, no wonder that a Governour Fearing God and hating Cov-

etousness, is made uneasie in the Faithful Discharge of his Office.

      ! II.  A GENERAL UNEASINESS UNDER, AND OP-

POSITION, TO THIS GOVERNOUR THROUGH THE

WHOLE COUNTRY.

      Speak for your selves ye Collective Bodies of the People:

The Honourable the Assembly, the Reverend the Clergy, ye

Merchants and Traders at Boston, and also ye the Honourable,

the Council and Representatives of New Hamshire; speak I say,

for your Selves, and tell the World, that Infatuation hung over

your Heads, to make you Recommend to Her Majesty a Man

against whom there is a + General Uneasiness through the whole

Country, to be continued Governour amongst you.  But if you

   * Pa. II. L. 7.                        ! P. II. L. I7.     + P. II. L. 17.

 


A  MODEST  ENQUIRY,  ETC.                           83*

 

are sensible there Accusations are Calumnies and are well affur'd

(as you say in your several Addresses you are) that your Gov-

ernours Administration * has and always will have a Tendency to

the Promotion of Her Majesty's Interest, and also to the Ease and

Satisfaction, of all Her GOOD Subjects, that his Wisdom.  Dili-

gence Courage and Fidelity, are Exemplary, with many other

Qualifications becoming a Governour: Then speak like your

selves (in Justification of your Injur'd Governour, and your own

Reputations, thus barbarously attackt) with a Voice that shall for

the future silence all those Dispisers of Authority.

 

      III. A FERVENT DESIRE TO BE EASED OF OP-

PRESSION. !

      'Tis for this very End that Her Majesty and Her Allyes are

now engaged in War.  Let not the People of New England sus-

pect that Her Majesty whose Compassionate Assistance is ex-

tended towards all the oppressed Nations about her, will be

wanting to her GOOD Subjects of New England neither will I

imagine they'l (for the FUTURE) neglect any opportunities of

returning their Duty and Gratitude to Her Majesty.

     I am obliged to follow the Steps of the Author + who Presents

the Reader with a farther account of the Mismanagements of

the Governour by another Hand, that is to say, by Mr P--dge, a

mighty Assistant in carrying on this work, as appears by this long

account, (taking up almost four pages) his two Affidavits, his

Certificate, and also his Speech before Her Majesty in Council.

The reason that [19] this Gentleman gave for embarking in this

cause shall be known in its place.  This Farther account tells you

of a Letter sent to Mr Waldron § and himself, by the Governour;

recommending it to the Province of New Hampshire, to draw up

an Address to her Majesty, which was done; and so generally

accepted, that Mr Waldron had no manner of occasion to use any

art with the Council, and Representatives, to perswade them to

what they were so dutifully inclin'd.  This Farther account is almost

full of Repetitions of what has been spoke to already, which I

shall omit, only taking notice of his new matter.  The Governours

Correspondence with || Gallen Emesary was so Beneficial to the

Province, in foreknowing the intended Designs of the French

and Indians, which capacitated him to provide against them,

that I doubt not but the several Presents that the Governour

(to this Gentlemans knowledge) sent him, are Retaliated by the

Country.

      'Tis very wide to draw any Conclusion from this following

accusation ¶ because Captain Furber told Mr P--dge, that the

French Prisoners told him that they had heard the Governour of

Port-Royal say, that he had promis'd that he would not let the

* The Addresses.                     § P. II. L. 7.

! P. II. L. 3.                              || The Addresses. P. 12. L. 36.

+ P. 12. L. 11.                                     ¶ P. 13. L. 35.


84*              A  MODEST  ENQUIRY,  ETC.

 

Indians have powder and Shot, that therefore he did not do it,

when he had it spare.  Those Indians are his Master's Sub-

jects, or at least his Allies, and let no Man believe that any of

the Kmg of France's Governours, are so good natur'd; as not to

put Arms into the hands of those, that they can depend upon,

will use them to annoy their Master's Enemies in time of War.

Neither let it be suspected that the French don't take care to sup-

ply their Plantations, with Warlike Stores, (without expecting to

buy them of their Enemies Clandestinely) though sometimes the

Accidents of the Sea may retard them, which I suppose was the

case when the Governour of Port Royal (if at all) made these

promises.  I know not how many of the Enemy have been kill'd

once the present Governours time, having seen no Lift, but I be-

lieve more than * an Old Woman and two Girls, which is all this

Farther account allows. ! Several were kill'd at Derefield, + Our

Indians kill'd Seven at Cowstick, § another kill'd an Indian or two

before he was taken; || Mrs Bradley scalded one Fellow to Death

with hot Soap, and also disposed a Quantity of her Soap to an-

other, with the like Heroical intention, but it not succeeding at

the first, she ran from him.

     These Particulars I find in the Pamphlet now under considera-

tion; As for the Governours foreknowing that the Enemy would

not (or to speak properly durst not) appear in a Body like [20] an

Army; but in sculking Parties of Twenty, or Thirty, it speaks

so much the Honour and good Intelligance of the Governour

than nothing need be said of it.  The Address from the Militia

of Massachusetts Bay, is a very honourable one, and worthy the

Gentlemen that sign'd it.  they being most of them the principal

Men of the Country; let Mr P--dge (who is gone over) tell them

they durst not do otherwise, and I shall be surpriz'd, if I don't

hear of his Correction.

      Five Affidavits, and one Certificate, come next; two of them by

John Calley, Manner; one by Thomas Newton, Gent. and the

other two, and the Certificate by William Partridge, Esq; all

which are now before Her Majesty.  They are too mighty things

for me to meddle with; but a Word or two of the several Occa-

sions, that may seem to have ruffled these Gentlement, may not

be improper.  Mr P--dge has publickly given the Reason of his

Anger against the Governour; which is, because the Governour

did not interpose his Authority, to discharge Jethro Furber,

Master of a Vessel belonging to the said P--dge, who was in

Confinement, and under a Prosecution in the Admiralty Court

at Boston, at the Suit of Her Majesty; for enticing away several

Sea-men out of Her Majesties Ship the Deptford, Captain Stuck-

ley Commander.  The Governour could act no part in this Affair,

the Cause lying in a Court in dependant of him:  But if it had

 

*P. 16. L. 26.   ! P. 41. Lin. 19.            + P. 35. Lin. 94

                         § P. 32. L. 10              || P. 33. L 33.


A  MODEST  ENQUIRY,  ETC.                           85*

 

been never so much in his Power, it would have given ground

for a very just Complaint against him, to countenance any Per-

sons, against whom there is full proof of enticing the Men out of

Her Majesties Ships of War; the want of whom, may expose

them to great danger from the Enemy or otherwise.

      Mr. John C--y has been serviceable in taking two Prizes in

America; whether the Governour was too severe upon him, in

directing the Collector to take them into his Care for Her Maj-

esty's Use, after Mr C--y appropriated them to his own use, I

leave to others to determine.

     * Mr. N--ton accuses the Governour, for not permitting him to

go to Rhode Island, to condemn some Prizes (being deputed there-

unto by W. At--d Esq.) unless the said Governour had a Hun-

dred Pounds procur'd him by the said N--n.  The Governour

might have prevented his going, very justly; but however, if the

Hundred Pounds had been paid for that leave, it would have

been a principal part of the Affidavit.

      [2 1 ]  From the Affidavits, we come to some Remarks made by

this Author:  First, ! Can any Man that loves not a French

Interest, call those trivial?  Yes truly, I make no manner of

doubt, but a Man may be very honest, and a hearty Lover of

Great-Britain, and also of New England; and yet see through

the Malice, and Falcity of these Accusations.  The Author need

not have gone so far back, as to the + Athenians, to have found

out Presidents for punishing great Officers for Male-Administra-

tion; such Examples might be seen in the Annals of England;

but we must not revive the old Abington Law, of punishing Men

before they are prov'd guilty.  Have a little patience Gentlemen,

there is a Day appointed for hearing all that can be said against

the Governour; Her Majesty is Just, She'll hear both sides, and

then decree Righteous Judgment. § To do Justice and Right, is

the most Invaluable Jewel in Magna Charta.  I am not presum-

ing to question the Righteousness of our Laws; but the Law of

Moses is much older.  The Spirit of Perverseness is mighty

visible in the Gentlemen, or else he would not have gone to

Athens, to find out Presidents for English Men; or quoted Magna

Charta, to prove the Necessity of Keeping the Ten Command-

ments.

     || 'The Cries sent up to Heaven, by the many poor Souls

'lately most inhumanly butchered by the merciless Indians --

'will certainly draw down Redress from him, who is not only

REX MAGNUS & REX SOLUS, but JUDEX SUPRE-

'MUS who hath IMPERIUM SINE FINE, as well as SINE

'LIMITE.' Undoubtedly, God Almighty hath heard and re-

garded, the Cries and Sufferings of those poor People; and also,

 

* Pag. 26.                    ! Pag. 30. l. 2.              + Pag. 30. l. 9.

§ Pag. 30. l. 15.                        || Pag. 30. l. 28.


86*              A  MODEST  ENQUIRY,  ETC.

 

without any manner of question, the same of the Proto-Martyr

of the Country, the poor Weaver, whose only Crime was, that he

was not a Cobler.  And here the Attributes of God are express'd

in a Language, that it may be, some of that Country may call

Popery; but there is something so agreeable, and melting in the

Chiming of Words, as Rex Magnus, and Rex Solus, Sine Fine,

(and Sine Limite, that it could not well be omitted; otherwise the

Author might from the Common-Prayer-Book, have quoted more

proper Attributes, and much more intelligible to the People.

      * I am now come to the Account of several Barbarities &c.

committed by the Indians, intermix'd with some memorable

Providences, which fill ten Pages to very little purpose, there

being in them nothing uncommon to Frontiers, that are con-

tiguous to undisciplin'd barbarous People, such as Tartars, In-

dians, or the like.

     ! [22] I can't be very much surpris'd, that when a Crew of

Indians that had taken an English Child, and had eat no Victuals

for 3 Days, were rather determin'd to eat the Child, than one

another.  This Nature induced them to do, but the Humanity

of the Heathens is remarkable, that a Dog falling in their way

they compassionated the Child; the Dog though but half a Meal

to them, supply'd that occasion + and Hannah Parsons is yet

living.  If an Indian had fallen in the way of half a Dozen

hungry Christians, even though they were come to a Fulness of

Grace, and Ripe in the Lord; yet if they had Eat no Victuals

for three days, I make no doubt but he would have been dispos'd of,

according to the Regular Form of Leggs, and Shoulders, for the

more Expeditiously supplying themselves, by Boyling and

Roasting; and yet the Deliverance would have remain'd Remark-

able (i. e.) that Providence threw this Fellow into the way of their

Necessities -- An § Englishman killing an Indian, and being

taken was to be murder'd at the direction, and in what manner

the Squa (i. e.) the Widdow of the Indian was pleas'd to prescribe

but she (having more Humanity than [some that call themselves

Christians) forgave him -- || A New England Woman was

going to be hang'd by an Indian, but the limb of the Tree broke

as the was tying up and another Indian interposing, she was

likewise sav'd.  I pass over several other Particular hardships that

some Christians during their Captivity have endured from Hunger

Weather, and long Sojourning, but ¶ Mrs Bradly of Haverly's.

Case must be particularly taken notice of, because 'tis recom-

mended with an -- AB UNO DISCEOMNES.  She poor

Woman, past through several Varieties of Affliction during her

Captivity.  The Story of her delivering her self from danger by

killing, one Fellow with scalding Sope, and lathering another

 

* P. 31. Lin. I. ! Ib.  l. 9.                      || Ib. 1. 22.

!  P. 32. L. I.    § Ib. I. 10.                    ¶ Ib. 1. 20


A  MODEST  ENQUIRY, ETC.