Committee of Publication.
GEORGE E. ELLIS.
WILLIAM H. WHITMORE.
HENRY WARREN TORREY.
JAMES RUSSELL LOWELL.
Electronic Version Prepared by
Dr. Ted Hildebrandt 4/6/2002
Vol. VI. -- FIFTH SERIES.
PUBLISHED BY THE SOCIETY.
JOHN WILSON AND SON,
THE Publishing Committee herewith presents to the Society
the second volume of the Diary of Samuel Sewall, Printed from
the Manuscript in its Cabinet. The text of the volume in-
cludes the period from January 14, 1699-1700, to April 14,
1714. Another volume in print will complete the publication
of the manuscript Diary. The Judge's Letter-Book will furnish
the materials for a fourth volume.
The Committee has continued the same system of annotating
the text which was adopted in the first volume. Resisting the
prompting or opportunity to explain or illustrate the many in-
teresting references which the Judge makes to matters of his-
torical importance, to an extent which would expand the notes
beyond the text, the method pursued, as the reader will observe,
has been restricted to occasional comments, and to genealogical
and local particulars and references, without quoting authorities
easily accessible to the students of our history. The connection
between Judge Sewall's family and that of Governor Dudley
evidently embarrassed the former, alike in his official position as
a magistrate, and in making entries in his diary concerning mat-
ters in which they were occasionally at variance. That Sewall
should also have drawn upon himself the hostility of Cotton
Mather, who, with his father, the President of the College, was
of the Judge's position and course even when he seems to have
tried to act as a moderator or an umpire. The Committee has
therefore thought it advisable to reprint three very rare pam-
phlets which, as fully presenting matters of bitter strife in rela-
tion to the parties just named, will make annotation upon it
unnecessary. A few fragmentary and miscellaneous papers in
Sewall's hand precede these Tracts.
As the indices of names at the close of the volumes are neces-
sarily so crowded, tables of the notes in both of them are here
given for convenience of reference.
TABLE OF CONTENTS OF NOTES.
3. Urian Oakes. 70. King James II. proclaimed.
5. John Bowles. 71. Apsoon.
5. Fessendens. 71. Francis Bond.
7. Batters. 72. Sewall's walk around Beacon
8. Sewall's birth-place. Hill.
8. Thomas Parker. 76. Benjamin Eliot.
9. Almanacs. 86. Veal and Graham, the pirates.
10. " 87. Colonel Piercy Kirk.
11. " 89. George Monk and the Blue An-
12. " chor Tavern.
15. James, the printer. 92. Adams and Richards families.
16. Almanacs. 98. Rev. Laurence Vandenbosk.
24. " 104. Lady Alice Lisle and the Ushers.
25. Tempore post meridian 105. Thanksgivings and Fasts.
31. John Reyuer, Jr. 108. James Mudge.
32. Almanacs. 108. Susanna Vertigoose and the
33. " Mother Goose fable.
37. Coney's Street or Lane. 108. Roxbury Gate.
43. Almanacs. 112. John Odlin.
45. Antapologia. 119. Peter Butler.
47. Robert Walker. 122. Mather's " Arrow against Danc-
48. Almanac. ing."
56. Death of Mrs. Brattle. 126. Execution of James Morgan.
60. Governor Endicott's house. 133. Warner Wesendunk.
Cotton-Hill and other
lands. 143. The form of taking an oath.
68. Election day. 145. William Johnson.
ii TABLE OF CONTENTS OF NOTES IN VOL. I.
147. Cotton's arguments about the 212. Elizabeth Woodmansey
cross. 213. Deodat Lawson.
148. Rev. Samuel Lee and his family. 219. Sir William Phips's chaplain.
152. David Jeffries. 221. Sir William Phips's house.
153. Mr. Brightman. 229. Letter to Rev. Increase Mather
155. Charles Morton. from S. Sewall.
158. Thomas Jenner. 231. The King's chapel,
162. Madam Taylor. 250. Cotton Mather's sermons.
167. Shrove Tuesday. 251. Lord Wharton.
168. Elijah Corlet. 252. Thomas Papilliori.
168. Preservation of the Colonial 253. Lockier's Monument.
Records. 255. Richard Wharton.
169. Hez. Usher's house. 256. "Considerations," &c., a politi-
170. Anthony Stoddard. cal pamphlet.
The revolution at
ment. 263. Penny posts.
177. Richard Walker. 264. Thomas Saffin's epitaph.
179. Robert Walker. 266. Theophilus Pool.
182. Wan [or
Wanton or Harris]. 269.
182. Allerton's Point. pamphlet.
182. Andrew Bordman. 270. The quaternion.
186. Blackstone's Point. 291. The Faneuils.
James's first Declaration 293.
Sewall's notes in
of Indulgence. an almanac.
186. Benjamin Eliot. 309. Tho. Johnson, and other pirates.
190. Mr. Gibbs. 315-317. Commissioners for the war.
190. Disturbances about taxes. 320. Sewall's letter about the war.
192. Lady Andros. 321. Sir William Props's expedition.
193. Sir William Phips. 322. Captain Frary.
fort on Fort Hill. 332.
196. Wing's Tavern or the Castle 334. Indian chiefs.
Tavern. 336. Governor Menevall, of Acadie.
197. Colonel Robert Gibbs's house. 340. Captain Francis Johnson.
198. Edmund Randolph's suit against 350. John Nelson.
Increase Mather. 355. Mrs. Hamlen.
202. Governor Andros's house. 356. Mrs. Elisa Pool.
Andros's tomb. 358.
203. Sir William Phips. 360. The Council Records.
206. Michael Shaller. 361. Captain John Alden.
Increase Mather's escape 362.
TABLE OF CONTENTS OF NOTES IN VOL. I. iii
368. Oyer and Terminer. 439. Cotton Mather's proclamation
373. Law relating to ministers. for a fast.
376. Mehitable, meaning of the 442. An act to incorporate Harvard
377. Wheeler's Pond. 442. The cold winter of 1696.
379. Elisha Cooke. 447. Rev. John Harvard.
386. Non-resident representatives 452. Richard Wilkins.
389. "Whig and Torey;" a pam- taverns.
394. Phips's administration. 456. Hezekiah Usher's will.
395. Sarah; meaning of the name. 457. Salt works on Boston Neck.
395. William Stoughton. 458. Discovery of limestone.
400. Corunna. 460. Rev. John Cotton, Jr.
401. Wheeler's pond and Sewall's 461. Blue Anchor tavern.
trees. 464. Rev. John Higginson.
William Phips's monument.
405. Driving a nail or pin. 474. Sewall's town-offices.
406. Symond's estate called Argilla. 474. Seth Perry.
Marriage with a deceased wife's 477.
Richard Coote, Earl of
412. Sewall's house. 478. The Province House.
424. Shrimpton family. bridge.
family; estates and suits. 482.
The Wishing Stone on
427. Vagum. Common.
429. Laws to
be accepted by the 482.
Crown. 488. Colonel Romer.
Benjamin Bullivant. 491.
Huguenot church in
430. Association to sustain King 496. William Paterson.
William. 496. John Borland.
430. Rev. William Veazie. 499. Nathaniel Higginson.
431. Navigation Act. 506. The Virginals.
431. Rev. George Burroughs. 506. Brattle Street manifesoo.
432. Mrs. Martha Oakes. 507. Mrs. Elizabeth Rowe.
433. Captain Chubb's surrender. mela.
433. Association to sustain King 508. Measurements of Sewall's lands.
William 509. Flavel's sermons
TABLE OF CONTENTS OF NOTES.
1. Joseph Arnold. 52. Thomas Venner.
3. Andrew Hamilton. 58. Thomas Povey.
3. William Kidd. 58. George Keith.
5. Mary Belcher. 60. Richard Sibbes.
6. Rev. Thos. Thornton. 61. Mrs. Rock.
7. Kidd's treasure. 68. Anthony Checkley.
John Cotton. 72.
13. John Toland. 74. Rev. Jabez Fox.
16. Anti-slavery tract. 76. Holliston farm.
21. Love-letter. 84. College Corporation.
23. Frary family. 90. Excise troubles.
24. Guy Fawkes's Day. 97. Accord pond.
24. Francis Hudson. 98. Gibbs family.
27. Cushing family. 104. Captain Larrimore.
31. John Usher, 106. Trial of Pirates.
32. Turell. 113. Brightman's pasture.
33. Earl of Bellomont. 117. Mary Tuthill.
35. Ancient and Honorable Artil- 117. Zadori.
lery Company. 118. Richard Wilkins.
40. Council Supreme. 120. Emmons family.
40. Colonel Romer. 121. Sewall's portrait.
43. Sir Constantine Phips. 125. George Lason.
45. Crown officers. 128. Trees planted.
ii TABLE OF CONTENTS OF NOTES IN VOL. II.
130. Balston family. 239. Samuel Clap.
132. Rev. Michael Wigglesworth. 242. Thomas Odell.
133. Captain's islaud. 260. Acadie.
134. John Bonner. 261. Mohawk chief.
142. Colonel Vetch. 263. Whiting's oration.
143. Marriage laws. 264. Robert Reynolds.
countrymen. 267. Ashurst family.
148. Roger Mompesson. 269. Cold day.
149. Sir Charles Hobby. 269. Thomas Lechmere.
154. Salutation tavern. 272. John Hubbard.
154. Caucus. 286. King's Chapel enlarged.
158. Meeting-house Hill. 288. Previous question.
159. Green-Dragon Tavern. 294. Fifty-eighth Psalm.
169. Blackstone's river. 300. Foster family.
169. Simeon Stoddard. 306. Marriage with deceased wife's
170. Thomas Child, painter sister.
171. Rev. James Bayley. 308. North burying-ground.
Bellomont's house. 309.
Old- Fortification on
175. Spare-rib. Neck, &c.
176. Banbury cakes. 313. Admiral Walker and the Ex-
on Job. pedition
188. Sir John Davie. 324. Mary Ardell.
192. Mrs. Leverett. 338. Newbury Episcopalians.
196. John Jekyll. 350. Wade family.
198. First magistrate born in New 355. William Whiston.
208. Mather's letters. 371. Mather's Circular.
210. Mellows family. 374. Eunice Williams.
211. Coney family. 379. Mock-sermon.
212. Indian converts. 380. Import of slaves.
217. Private fast-day. 384. Bread-riot.
219. Arthur Mason. 386. Anniversary week.
220. Countryman. 392. Sewall's book on Prophecies and
232. Quaker meeting-house. 396. Salutation tavern.
233. Byfield family. 399. Jeffries family.
TABLE OF CONTENTS OF NOTES IN VOL. II. iii
404. Colonel Banks. 415. Phillips fami1y.
Cotton Mather. 416.
408. Copp's Hill. 417. Bowling-Green.
410. Fitch family. 419. Alchitny or occamy.
413. An angel. 419. Lord's-Day travel.
413. Bowdoin family. 428. Sewall's interest in the Indians.
414. Bennet family. 437. Richard Sarson.
[Miscellaneous Entries on the Cover of the Journal.]
[The reference is to the "Bill" put up by Sewall on the Fast Day,
Jan., 1697. See p. 445.]
See p. 159 of this booke.
P. 163. Mr. Rogers, May 1697.
[Sept. 26, 1686.]
[References to his Captaincy of the Artillery Company.]
Mr. Cotton 168.
Comons Address against Profaneness &c agreed to Nemine con-
tradicente. Feb. 15. 97. pag. 221. Bill about regulating the Press,
rejected, p. 225-21 Feb. 1697, p. 246. Feby. 16. 170 2/3.
A Bill to naturalize the Children of such officers and Souldiers,
and others, the natural born subjects of this Realm, who have been
born, abroad, during the war; the Parents of such children having
been in the service of this Government, read a 2d time and comitted.
Mr. Eyre's Son dyed Apr. 18. 1700.
1697. June, 1. Mr. Thomas Graves buried.
fol. 244 [?]
8* MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS.
July 4. Mr. Moodey dyes.
Mr. Saml. Hooker,
Decr 12. Mr. John Baily dies Brothers children fol. 245 Feb. 3,
Jany 8 dear Unkle Quinsey dies 170 2/3
Febr. 9. Col. S. Shrimpton dies of an Apoplexy.
March, 1. Col. Barthol, Gedny dies.
April, 11. Mr. Morton dies
Decr. 7. 1692. Judges chosen
Ap. 2. 1694. Judge Richards dyes.
March, 6, 169 4/5 Elisha Cooke Esqr chosen a Judge.
9r. 5. 1699. Judge Danforth dyes.
June, 7. 1700. John Walley esqr made a Judge
1701. Lt. Govr.
Augt. 1. 1701. John Saffin esqr made Judge
Augt. 15. 1702. John Hathorne Leverett Esq made Judge.
An Elegie on Mrs. Alicia Lisle, which for high Treason was be-
Let Rebels both and Loyalists draw nigh
And view this Object of Disloyalty,
A Lady which by a Rebellious Crew
Was forc't in hast to bid the World adieu,
And pay her head to Justice for her Crime
Comitted now when she had pass'd her Prime.
Not zeal blindfolded, nor the CAUSE, the CAUSE
Can overturn Religion and the Laws.
Here lies Madam Lisle dead,
Which for Treason lost her Head.
She patroniz'd the CAUSE, the CAUSE,
Against the Church and stablish'd Laws,
Let all her Sex; both great and small
Take here Example by her Fall:
And henceforth ever Shunn to be
Entangled by Presbytery;
Which changeth into several shapes
And hath brought forth
1 See Vol. I. p. 104.
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS. 9*
Which have set
But now she is gone off the stage
Then here she is, and Let her Lie
A Beacon unto Loyalty.
This may be Printed R. L. S.
To be sold by Randal Taylor
Survey your Ground first, Jest your great Design
End in a Quagmire, or a hollow Mine.
Submit to Fate, turn Loyal now (for shame)
And strive no more to swim against the stream.
Aug. 30, 1686. Speech to the South Company.
GENTLEMEN, -- The reason of my being here, is not to comand you
my self, but to commend you for your complying with the command
of the honourable Council, and our Lieut. Mr. Elizur Holyoke, which
I earnestly perswade you to persist in : by so doing you will exceed-
ingly honour your selves and gratify me. So that if any of you
study to shew me respect, let it be in that way. There are many
Reasons with me why I inform'd the honourable Council of my in-
ability to sustain that Character which somtime I have done in this
Company; which, as it would not be proper, so I have not now
time to relate. I heartily thank you for the Respect I have had
from you, which has been beyond my value. Am truly sorry for any
inconvenience I have been the occasion of the last week to our Lieut.
or any of the officers, and ask your pardon for it. The Drums have
lately cost somthing the fitting, which I shall take care to discharge,
that the Company be not in debt about it. And I have left with the
Lieut for the refreshment of the privat Souldiers, of which I crave
And so wishing you a good day, I take Leave.
To JOSEPH DUDLEY, Esqr., Presdt.
HONOURED Sir, -- My not being at home when the Messenger
came to my house yesterday gives the occasion of these Lines. In-
deed I had then no expectation of any such thing; but suposed on
Thorsday it might have been. Am truly thankfull to your Honour
for the respect you have put on me in nominating me for the keeping
the Peace: but you shall still further oblige me in letting of it rest
in a Nomination. What station I formerly had in the Government
10* MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS.
of this. p1ace it hath pleased God to cast me out of it just after
the taking of a solemn Oath, which probably I had not done so soon
had not some small Circumstances turn'd the scale. And many of
for one, are so aged and worthy, that now I am upon even ground,
and in age his son, shall be perpetually asham'd to take place of him
as a senior Justice, and shall be pleased to see him have his health
and sit on the Bench. Besides, my Mother and wife are incessantly
importunat with me to accept at least of part of that Retirement
which God hath dismissed me to. I am glad that my Unkle Quinsey
hath sworn and so, for ought I see, his sister is too: wish I may hear
the like of other good men up and down the Country, which as have
oportunity, I shall further. On1y as I have serv'd this People as
a Constable, and as a Justice of Peace, so now am desirous of mak-
ing an Experiment, whether standing in the middle between those
two Offices, be the hapier Life, as I think I have heard K. James the
first should affirm. Have been willing to signify thus much, that so
my non-acceptance may be managed by your Prudence for the best.
I am your Hons humble
Servt S. S.
JUNE 2, 1686.
To make a Salt-Petre Bed. Imprs. All the sword of the Ground
is to be taken off or trenched in, and the Stones to be taken clean out
as deep as the Trench. Then get the best and richest mould you
can, and fill up the Trench according as you will make it in great-
ness -- Length or depth, as you see cause. When the ground is
made clean and fitting, turn over the ground and trench it in again,
and as you trench it in mix it with strong Lime about a 10th. or sixth
part; and the Seed-Petre, or Mother of Petre, and Hen, or Pigeon's
Dung as much as you can get, the more the better. And after 'tis
trenched in as above, Let all the Butchers Blood and Lees of Wine
be mixed often with the uper part of the mould about half a foot
down, that it be not lost or run away from the Bed or Bank. Let
the Bank be made upon rising Ground, and a ditch about it, that the
water rest not, nor run into the Petre-Bed; with a dry House over it,
to keep it from Rain.
Jany 24th. 170 6/7 James Bayley Esqr. Ring and Glov[es]
April, 23. feria quarta, The Reverd and pious Mr. Samuel
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS. 11*
69. Decr 4. 1707. The Honble F. J. Winthrop, Governour of Con-
ecticut. Scarf, Ring, Gloves, Escutcheon. Gov. W. Tomb.
Decr. 12. Mrs. Mary Eliot, widow of my dear friend Capt.
75. Jacob Eliot, and her self a very good woman. Scarf and
64. March, 22. 170 7/8 Mrs. Sarah Noves; Scarf and Gloves.
54. Augt. 17. 1708. Mrs. Mary Stoddard; Scarf and Ring.
73. Octobr. 20. 1708. Capt. Anthony Checkley, Scarf and Gloves.
76. Febr. 11th. 170 8/9 Mrs. Hanah Glover, Scarf and Gloves.
69. April, 30. 1709. James Russel Esqr. Scarf and Gloves.
May, 6. Mrs. Abigail Russel his widow. Scarf, Gloves.
64. May, 9. Major Thomas Brown, of
80. May, 26. Mrs. Sarah Pemberton, Scarf and Gloves.
74. June, 8. Mrs. Ruth Wyllys, Scarf, Gloves.
55. July, 26. Mr. Thomas Banister, Scarf and Gloves.
61. January, 10 1709/10 Mr. John Hubbard; Scarf and Gloves.
63. Mrs. Elizabeth Savage, April, 16, 1710, Scarf and Gloves.
84. Madam -- Stoddard, July, 19, 1710. Scarf and Gloves.
72. Isaac Goose, Decr. 2. 1710. Scarf and Gloves.
58. John Foster esqr, Febr. 15. Scarf, Ring, Gloves, Escutcheon.
40. Mrs. Anne Allen, Febr. 28 1710/11, Scarf and Gloves.
68. Mrs. Abigail Foster; March, 8. 1710/11, Scarf, Ring, Gloves, Escut.
57. Mrs. Sarah Banister, July, 3. 1711. Scarf and Ring, Gloves.
60. Mr. Elizur Holyoke, Augt. 14. 1711. Scarf and Gloves.
72. Mrs. Mary Ardel, Octobr. 20. 1711. Scarf and Gloves.
Mr. John Pole, Novr. 10. 1711. Scarf, Glove, Escutcheon.
Mrs. Margaret Corwin Decr. 3. Scarvs and Gloves.
73. Mrs. M. -- Atkinson, Jany. 4. Scarvs and Gloves.
69. Jno Walley Esqr., Jany. 17. Scarf, Ring, Gloves, Escutcheon.
77. John Fayerwether, Capt. Scarf and Gloves. Apr. 14. 1712.
Mrs. Elisa Whetcomb Augt 20. 1712. Scarf and Gloves.
80. Mrs. Sarah More, Novr. 26. Scarf and Gloves.
70. Samuel Hayman esqr, Decr. 18. Scarf and Gloves.
70. Mrs. Elisa Hutchinson Feb. 7. 1712, 13. Scarf, Ring, Gloves,
Escut. Funl. Sermon.
76. Mrs. Elisa. Addington, March, 5th. Scarf, Ring, Gloves.
6- Mrs. Elisa. Stoddard Apr. 22. 1713. Scarf, good Ring, Gloves,
6 - Mrs. Martha Patteshall Apr. 23. Scarf and Gloves. Old B.
Mr. Thomas Brattle May, 21.
12* MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS.
SEWALL'S COMMONPLACE BOOK.
[In our first volume, pp. 56, 57, note, we called attention to pre-
sumed extracts from Sewall's Diary for a period (1677-85) for which
we possessed no original. So also, we learn, there is a citation in
Palfrey's History, III. p. 348, 349, about Mrs. Randolph, of this
We are now able to show that all these quotations are from Sew-
all's Commonplace Book, a volume in the possession of this Society,
and we are thus relieved from the fear that some portion of the Diary
might have been lost of late years. We are yet unable to trace the
following quotation from Palfrey, III. 348. "May 2,  Had
discourse about putting the cross into colors. Captain Hall opposed,
and said he
would not till the Major [
spoke with the Major, it seems, that afternoon, and Mr. Mather was
with him, who judged it not convenient to be done at this time. So
is put a stop to it at present."
Again, "July 11, Captain Walley, instead of having no cross at
all, as I supposed, had it unveiled. . . . Captain Henchman's company
and Townsend hindered Captain Walley's lodging their colors, stop-
ping them at the bridge."
Still, we trust, these citations will prove to be taken from some
almanac or note-book or letter.]
[Sewall's Commonplace book contains various extracts from books
arranged under appropriate heads. Most of the following are placed
under that of "De Omene," and contain cross-references. A few
items, however, occur separately, and we have endeavored to ar-
range them chronologically.
The book contains the following note of its beginning: "Samuel
Sewall, his Booke, Decemb. 29, 1677. Bound by Jno. Ratcliff."
On the cover is this memorandum: -- ]
March 1, 77-8. Mr. Tho. Walley, Pastour of Barnst. Chh. dyed.
Ap. 16, 1678. Mr. Noah Newman, Pastour of Rehoboth Chh. dyed.
May 9. Mr. Joseph Brown, Fellow of Harvard Colledge dyed.
11. An House, 2 Women and 2
Children burnt at
Mr. Edm. Brown, Pastour of
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS. l3*
Oct. 11. Sam1 Simons, Esq. Dep. Gr. buried.
16. Mr. Tho. Thacher, Pastr. 3d. Chh. Bost. dyed.
Nov. 24. Mr. Joseph Rowlandson, Preacher
Jany. 4. Mr. Danl.
Russell, Preacher at
23. Mr. Peter Hubbard, Pastour of Hingham Chh buried.
Feb. 1. Mr. Ami-Ruhamah Corlett, Fellow of
[Then we find a family record as follows: -- ]
(P.87.) John Sewall, the son of Samuel and Hallah S. was Born
Apr. 2, 1677.1 Was Baptized Ap. 8 in the South-Meeting-House by
the Reverend Mr. Thomas Thacher. I held the child when Bap-
tized. Dyed Sept. 11, 1678, and lyeth buried in the New burying
place, on the South side of the grave of his great Grandfather, Mr.
June 11, 1678. Samuel Sewall, second son of S. and Han. S. was
Born. Baptized p. Mr. Thomas Thacher June 16. I held him up.
Feb. 3, 1679. Hanah Sewall was Born, just after a great snow.
Baptized Feb. 8 in the New-Meeting-House, p. Mr. Samuel Willard.
held her up. Mr. Thacher dyed in the Autumn, 1678.
May, 21, 1680. I carry Sam. to Newbury, where his Grandmother
nurses him till May 81, to see if change of air would help him against
Convulsions; which hope it did, for hath had none there, nor since
his coming home.
1681. Thursday, December 29th, Elisabeth, Daughter of Samll.
and Hanah Sewall is Born. N. Two of the chief Gentlewomen in
Town dyed next Friday night, viz. Mrs. Mary Davis and Mrs. Eliza.
Sabbath-day, January 1, 1681. Elisabeth is Baptized p. Mr. Sam-
uel Willard, I holding her up. Elisabeth Weeden was Midwife to
my Wife bringing forth the four mentioned children.
[We next extract a few notes which are not in the consecutive
(P.8 ½ .) Mr. Nath. Higginson in a Letter of 4 Mar. 1679-80
writes Dr. Godwin dyed about a fortnight agoe.
1 "Mr. Thomas Parker dyes that April." Marginal note. -- EDS.
14* MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS.
(P.12.) De Autophonia. 1677, Nov. 16. Friday, day after pub-
lick Thanksgiving, Jno. Tomlin Hanged himself in his Garret in the
day time, fastning his Rope to a pin that held the Rafters at the pot.
Nov. 18. Sabbathday one Williams, an old Man, the Winisimet
Ferry man cut his own Throat. Via Diar.
Nov. 7, 1680. A Negro Man and Woman murdered themselves.
A certain dweller in the Town of
In his bosom was a Writing to this effect that God did show mercy
on great, grievous and desperat Siners; and therefore he said that he
hoped of mercy though he hanged himself.
(P. 12 ½.) 1678, Apr. 5th. Mr. Josiah Allen, a young Merchant
of a very good estate and Account, was slain on board of Benj. Gillam's
ship by the accidental firing of a fowling piece, out of a Boat of Joss.
Gillam, as they were going from the jolly Ship. vid. Diar.
(P. 77 ½.) Mr. Edmund Quinsey married Mrs. Eliza. Eliot before
Tho. Danforth, Esq. Dec. 8, 1680.
1680. Josiah Winslow, Esq. Govr. of
after sore Pain with the Gout and Griping. His flesh was opened to
the bone on's leggs before he dyed. Thorsday Xr. 23, buried.
Wednesday Xr. 22, '80. John Russell, the Anabaptist minister is
buried, scarce having time to read his Print in favour of that Sect;
come over in the last ships, Jener or Foy.
Friday, January 14, 1680-1. Benjamin Thwing, Carpenter, one
of the South-Church, was goeing from Mount-Hope to Rhode-Island
in a Canoo with an Indian, was overset by the wind and Ice, drowned.
The Indian escaped.
Tuesday, Feb. 22. Eclips of the Moon. N. Mr. Samuel Wor-
he was within ¼ Mile of the first Houses of Lin, dyed: Mr. Gidney
House where were two Men that first saw him; so gave a Warrant
for a Jury and his Burial.
Tuesday, March 8, 1680-1. Mr. Edward Mitchelson,
General is Buried.
Sabbath-day, March 20, 1680-1. Tho.
Major William Hathorn dyes April --.
The Reverend Mr. Urian Oakes dyeth, July 24, 1681, Sabbath-
day night, suddainly, as to most, who are startled at the newes, being
just before the Comencement and he so Learned, Godly, Orthodox a
Man and so Discerning of the Times.
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS. 15*
[On p. 38 is an account of Mrs. Dyer's monstrolls birth, Oct. 17,
1638, "taken out of my Father Sewall's Copy." Also an account of
a similar birth, Jany 10, 1679-80, to the wife of Samuel Dible, of
[We next transcribe that portion which is continued through
several pages, an seems to form a Diary for that period.]
(P. 60.) Thorsday, June 21, 1677. Mr. Torrey of Roxbury as he
was in the Meetinghouse in Selmon-Time gave a Suddain and amaz-
ing Cry, being taken with a Fit of the Falling Sickness. It greatly
disturbed the whole Assembly so that Mr. Allen was fain to cease
from preaching or a while.
July 8, 1677. Sabbath-Day. South-Meeting House, mane. In
Sermon-Time a female Quaker slipt in covered with a Canvas Frock,
having her hair dishevelled and Loose, and powdered with Ashes re-
sembling a flaxen or white Perriwigg, her face as black as Ink, being
led by two Quakers and followed by two more. It occasioned a
great and very amazing Uproar.
June 3, 1680. Mr. Torrey hath another sore Fit in Lectur-time,
old Mr. Eliot Preaching.
July 8, two Indians Kill'd and severall
carlied away by the
Morn. In the afternoon a Whirlwind ariseth (at first in a small
Body) near Sam1 Stones. Passeth on to Mat. Bridge (P.73). Pass-
eth by Mat. Bridges, (taking part of Stones Barn with it) Kills John
Robbins who was at Hoe, breaking his Arm and jaw-bone. It hurled
stones and brake off and transported Trees in an unusual maner.
Vid. Xr. 16. Mis. Rllssell in Sermon-Time.
1680-1. Jany. 25,1680-1. Tuesday. Thos. Eams drops down
dead in the Morning at Mr. Pain's stable, as he and others saw Hay
thrown before their Horses. He was come to Court about Sherborn
Controversy with respect to their Meeting House, its Situation.
Feb 1. Schollars get sooner out of School than ordinary by rea-
son of the
House where it begun.
Last night one Dyer of Braintrey shot an Indian to death as he
was breaking his window and attempting to get into his House
against his will, Saying he would shoot him a Dogg, bec. would not
let him come in to light his Pipe. Man was abed. Indian's gun
found charg'd, cockt and prim'd in his Hand.
Tuesday night Febr. 1. Pet. Codnar an honest Fisherman goeing
to come over the Draw-Bridge, (as is suposed), missed it and was
16* MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS.
Drowned: For Feb. 2, his dark Lantern was taken up out of the
Crick by the wharf at Low-water. He is suposed to have fallen in
about 7. the Tuesday night. Hath left a wife and Children.
Feb. 3. Lectr. Newes is brought of Mr. Deans son Robinson,
a Lion with his Axe at
a young man at New-Cambridge was Kill'd by a Tree himself Felled.
Thorsday Feb. 10. See Mr. Eliot's Sermon.
Tuesday Feb. 22. Ecclips of the Moon. Mr. Samuel Worster,
Rode about ¼ Mile short of the House at the end of the Town next
dead at Pigeon-Iland near Shelter Iland: 't is feared it may be Jer-
Vid. p. 79. Sylvanus Davis went out on Saturday to carry Corn
and other necessaryes to the Fort at Casco, is driven on the Sand,
essaying to put in again in the Sabbath day storm. So the Corn
lost and Souldiers disapointed. Men saved.
(P.78 ½.) Thorsday, Feb. 24, 1680-1. This morn, the Wife of Mr.
Elias Row is found dead in her bed; much blood about her, so some
think she was choak'd with it. A Jury was impanelled and 6 grave
matrons and a Chirurg[eon], to view the Corps to see if any Violence
had been offered her: found none; she and her Husband seldom lay
together; she was given to Drink and quarrelling. Her death puts
in mind of the Proverb wherein we say such an one hath drunk more
than he hath bled to-day.
Friday Feb. 18. Mr. Saml Legg cast away, was bound for Barba-
Monday March 14. Mr. Noah Floid tells that 3 men essaying to
about 3 weeks agoe.
Sabbath-day, March 20, 1680-1. Thomas Woodbridge is so burnt
in his own Fire, that he Dyeth of the insupportable Torment in about
12 Houres time. Newbury.
Not long agoe an Irish woman living by my Father Hull's Pas-
ture, was found dead, without dore, having her forehead on her
hands, as she lay on the ground. Great Rumours and Fears of
trouble with the Indians. Persons to Carry a competent number of
Arms to Meeting.
N. At Conecticot the Noise of a Drumme in the air, Vollies of
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS. 17*
Shot, Report of Cannons have been Heard by divers; as pr. Letters
rec'd this week. Ap. 1. '81.
Mr. Philip Nelson of Rowley wanders away and is lost from Ap. 5,
to Satterday Ap. 9. Rowley and Newbury seeking him; on Satter-
day is found, having walked out of his place to take the air; it was
between two Rocks on Crane-Neck. See Bro. Longfellow's Letter.
Goodwife Everit, Winthrop, and Capt. Richard Woode dye
suddainly, vid. Diar. P. 102.
Sabbath-day, May the first, 1681. Mr. Angier of Cambridg, his
Tenant dyes very suddainly and unexpectedly, having been at meet-
ing and riding home with his Neighbour, Agur &c. Look in and
smil'd on his wife through the Window, but sunk down before he
got in at the doore, and his wife hearing a noise came out; but her
Husband scarce spoke ten words before he utterly ceased to speak.
The Newes of it came to us yesterday as we were at Diner. About
3 weeks agoe a little Boy of Braintrey playing with a bean, [P. 84]
in 's mouth, got it into his wind-Pipe, of which in six or seven dayes he dyed.
Monday, May 2. Mr. Richard Hubbard of Ipswich Farms, dyeth
suddainly in the afternoon, goeing to ly on's Bed after diner was
there found dead by his daughter accidentally goeing in thether. teste
Guil. Gerrish, senr. (p. me?)
Satterday, May 7th, there was a Hurrican at Newbury, which
at the uper
Sabbath-day-night, July 24, 1681. The Reverend. Mr. Urian
President of the College, and Pastour of
Died; scarce any Knowing of his Sickness till his Death was sadly
told up and down the street, Monday July 25. vid. Diar. p. 109.
Thorsday, Xr. 1, 1681. The well-accomplish'd mercht. and Ac-
comptant, Mr. Paul Dudley dyed, being little above 30 yeers old.
Xr. 13, '81. Jonathan Jackson's wife hangs herself in the lower
room of her dwelling House near my Father's ware-House.
Xr. 17. Foye arrives, in whom Mr. Randolph and his new wife
Xr. 25. They sit in Mr. Joyliff's Pue; and Mrs. Randolph is ob-
served to make a curtesy at Mr. Willard s naming Jesus, even m
Prayer time. Since dwells in Hez. Usher's House, where Ministers
used to meet.
Satterday, Feb. 11. Is a bloody-colour'd Eclips of the Moon, onely
middle of the uper part of a duskish dark.
Feb. 15. Tuesday, 14, past midnight, or Wednesday morn; --
of the Day the General Court was to sit upon adjournment,-- Major
18* MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS.
Tho. Savage dyeth suddenly, very suddenly, having been well at the
Wedding on Tuesday, and sup'd well at home afterward, and slept
well till midnight or past.
Feb. 15, Wednesday. 2 Houses and Barns burnt at
Dept. Govr. hardly escaped. Sometime in the Court's sitting, there is
a child born near the north Meeting-House, which hath no Tongue at
all; or the Tongue grown fast to the roof of the Mouth; one finger
too much on one Hand, and one too little on the other: And the
Heels right opposite one to another, the (P. 88 ½) Toes standing to
the Right and left outward.
Mar. 24, '81-2. Goodw. Fox dyes suddenly. The Town was
sadly alarm'd the Tuesday night before at the Fire at Mr. Wing's,
which, had the Wind promoted, a great part of the Town had been
consumed, it being near or in the Center.
Thorsday, Novemb. 9, 1682. Cous. Dan1. Quinsey Marries Mrs.
Anne Shepard Before John Hull, esq. Sam1 Nowell, esq. and many
Persons present, almost Capt. Brattle's great Hall full; Capt. B and
Mrs. Brattle there for two. Mr. Willard begun with Prayer. Mr.
Tho. Shepard concluded; as he was Praying, Cous. Savage, Mother
Cake and drunk Wine and Beer plentifully, we were called into the
Hall again to Sing. In Singing Time Mrs. Brattle goes out being
ill; Most of the Compa. goe away, thinking it a qualm or some Fit;
But she grows worse, speaks not a word, and so dyes away in her
chair, I holding her feet (for she had slipt down). At length out of
the Kitching we carry the chair and Her in it, into the Wedding
Hall; and after a while lay the Corps of the dead Aunt in the Bride-
Bed: So that now the strangeness and horror of the thing filled the
(just now) joyous House with Ejulation: The Bridegroom and Bride
lye at Mr. Airs, son in law to the deceased, going away like Persons
put to flight in Battel.
Satterday night, Novr. 11. Twelve Jurors come before my Father,
to give Oath as to the Cause and Manner of one Johnson, a Turnour,
his imature death; which was by letting a Barrel of Cider into a
Trap-dore Cellar;1 the Board he stood on gave way, he fell in, and
the end of the Barrel upon his Jaw and Kill'd him outright. Jury
came to swear about eight a clock.
One Blood of Concord about 7 days since or less was found dead
woods, leaning his
ing some Creatures. Oh! what strange work is the Lord about to
bring to Pass.
1 "Just by Cous. Quinsey's." Marginal note. -- EDS.
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS. 21*
The Wednesday fortnight before Mrs. Brattles Death, Mr. Wid-
after Lecture to open it, as he was hanging up a net of Cotton-wor.
fell down dead over his Threshold: which made a great Hubbub.
Novr. 12, at night or even, Capt. Benj. Gillam's Mate is drowned
off the outward wharf.
Friday, Novr. 17. one Smith is drowned, coming up from Mr.
Edwards, sailing for Lond[on]. Not many weeks before, a Man fell
into the Dock, up by my Father's Ware-House, and was drowned:
Belcher, Senr was drowned at
Sabbath-day, Novr. 19. Mr. Edw. Winslow, Ship Mr., dyed sud-
denly: He took Physick the Friday before and John Alcock dis-
cours'd with him, he seeming to him no iller than Men ordinarily are when
taking Physick. A Woman dyed suddenly at the North end of the Town.
Tuesday, Novr. 28, '82. One Horton
the Land this day, and stands in; but the Rain and Snow take him
so that in the night drives him over Rocks and Sholes, cast Anchor;
but all Cables break. So about 3 a clock at night, that violent Storm
Pulling Point Gut; the Ship about 100 Tun. Persons on Board 13,
3 whereof drowned; 4 perished in the Cold, not being able to grope
out the way to Mr. Winthrops: and 6 onely escaped: 3 of the above
if not all four, lay frozen like sticks, in a heap. One of the six was
of so frozen that will hardly escape. Very little goods saved. About
200 £ in P 8/8 lost.
Febr. 9. 1682-3. A considerable deal of Snow being on the
Ground, there falls such plenty of warm Rain as that the Waters
swell so as to do much damage. Ipswich Dam and Blidge is carried
away by the Flood and Ice violently coming down; so that they
now go over in a Boat, Horse, and Men. Rowly Mill Dam also
spoyled, and generally much harm done in (P. 90) Dams and Bridges;
so that 'tis judged many Thousands will scarce repair the Loss.
persons on it; so that a woman was near drowning.
Satterday; March 22, 1683-4, there was an extraordinary high
did much hurt at
Ware-Houses that stood low. All that I
hear of at
bridge, Charl. and here, say 'tis higher than ever any was known before.
Wednesday, Octr. 29, a Maid's Brains shot out, her head broke all
Friday Novr. 28, 1684. Wm. Allen, a Plumer, receives a blow by
a piece that was used for a Scaffold falling on's head, of which he
18* MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS.
and dies. About that time Jn° Poor of Newbury perrisheth
in the Snow, near the Fresh-Meadows, about a Mile from my Father's
(P.90 ½) Wednesday, Novr. 15, 1682. Mr. Sherman Ordains Mr.
Nath. Gookin Pastor of Cambridge-Church: Mr. Eliot gives the
Right hand of Fellowship, first reading the Scripture that warrants
it. Mr. Sherman, Eliot and Mather laid on Hands. Then Mr.
Gookin ordain'd Deacon Stone and Mr. Clark Ruling Elders. The
Presence of God seem'd to be with his People. Mr. Jonathan Dan-
forth, the Dept. Governours onely Son, lay by the Wall, having de-
parted on Monday Morn, of a Consumption. Tis a comfortable day
and much People at the. Ordination. I go and come on foot in
Compa. of Mr. Zadori, the Hungarian, whom I find to be an Armi-
(p.92.) Wednesday, Apr. 25, 1688. I went to Govr. Bradstreet,
about the Custom of Swearing in
me That of lifting up the Hand had been the Ceremony from the
begining; that He and some others did so swear on board the Ship,
1630. And that He never Knew an Oath administred any other way
after he came on Shoar.
Sir, it is all one to touch a Book and swear by a Book. Fox.
Martyrol. Henry the 4th, p. 702 and 701. &c &c &c. [Various au-
thorities are cited, the passage above being among other citations
under the head of "De Juramento."]
(P.108 ½.) Mr. Joshua Gee, sometime Captive in Algeer, tells me
June 11, 1694, that the Turks observe an Hebdomadal Revolution as
we do; Our first day of the week is their first day of the week; And
they call the days by their Order in the Week; One, Two &c. If
they have any notable piece of work to doe, they chuse to begin it
upon the first day of the Week, bec. God began his Works on that
[There is also a full account of the trial of Rev. Thomas Chiever,
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS. 21*
(P 132 of orig.) At
A Council of the, 3 Chhs. of Chrt. in
Mr. James Allin, Joshua Moody, John Wiswall, Mr. Elisha Cook, Mr.
Isaac Addington, Mr. Henry Allin, Mr. Increase Mather, Mr. Cotton
Mather, Major John Richards, Mr. Adam Winthrop, Mr. Daniel Stone,
of Father Green; Mr. Allin went to Prayer, when discoursed whether should
have 2 Moderators or one; Mr. Allin put it to vote, and carried for one,
being but a small Company. Then voted for a Moderator by Papers.
Mr. Increase Mather was chosen, had more than ten votes and but 15
Persons ill all. Discoursed of our work, then went into the Publick.
Mr. Moderator prayed. When had heard some Debates there, went to our
Quarters, had the witnesses and Mr. Tho. Chiever face to face. Mr. Chiever,
the Father, desired to be present, was admitted and bid wellcom, except
when Council debated in private all alone (Mr. Sam. Parris present
through-out, though not of the Council).
In the evening Mr. Chiever the Pastor was sent for, Mr. Moodey
and others acquainted him how grievous his carriage had been and
that day not so humble and in such a frame as ought; told him ex-
pected not an Answer, but that should sleep on't. Debated consider-
ably what to do till about 10 at night Mr. Moderator pray'd, went to
Bed. Mr. Moderator and his son to Mr. Wigglesworth's, some to
Mr. Chiever, Major Richards and self Kept the House. In the
Morn, Thorsday, Ap. 8, Mr. Moderator went to prayer: read over
what was drawn up, then discours'd about it. Sent for Mr. Chiever,
to see what had to say; then not finding satisfaction, all agreed on
the following Declaration and Advice.
The Elders and Messingers assembled in Council at Maldon,
April 7, 1686, at the Request of the Church there, after humble Invo-
cation of the Name of God for his Guidance in the solemn Case
propos'd unto them, do declare and advise as follows.
1. We find that Mr. Tho. Chiever, the present Pastor of the
Church in Maldon, has been accused as Guilty of great Scandals, by
more than 2 or 3 witnesses; and that since his being in Office-Rela-
tion Particularly, he is by two or three Witnesses charged with
speaking such words as are scandalous breaches of the Third Comand-
ment, as apears by the Testimony of Mrs. Eliza. Wade and Abigail
Russell. He is moreover accused with Shamefull and abominable,
Violations of the Seventh Comandment. There are several who have
testifyed that they heard him use light and obscene expressions (not
fit to be
named) in an Ordinary at
Samuel Sprague, Jacob Parker, Isaac Hill; Also as he was travailing
22* MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS.
on the Rode, as p. the Testimony of Thomas, Esther and Eliza. Newhall.
2. We find that although Mr. Chiever has been convicted of very
scandalous Evils since his being a Preacher in Maldon, the Church
there has declin'd all Testimonies against him as to Scandals comitted
before his Ordination; as also some other Testimonies respecting
matters very criminal since that; because they judged the Witnesses
on account of Prejudices and otherwise, incompetent; upon which
Consideration we have also waved these Testimonies.
3. We find that in Augt. 9, 1685, Mr. Chiever made an Acknowl-
edgement of some Evils to the Brethren of that Church, whereto he
stands related; and that the most part of them were willing to take
up with a slender satisfaction: But that on the next Lord's-day, he
manifested before the Congregation so little sense and sorrow for his
great sins, as that the generality of the Brethren were more dissatis-
fied than formerly.
We find by our own enquiries since we met together, that Mr.
Chiever has absolutely deny'd some things, which are by sufficient Wit-
nesses prov'd against him. Mr. Chiever's filthy words testifyed by
Tho., Esther, and Elizabeth Newhal, he utterly deny'd to Lt Saml
Sprague, also to Cornet Green and his son, saying that Thomas
Newhal was forsworn. Likewise he did to Capt. Sprague and Tho.
utterly deny that ever he spake the words at
prov'd against him.
Also we find, that as to some particulars he pretends he does
not remember them: Nor have we seen that humble penitential frame
in him when before us, that would have become him: but have cause
to fear that he has been too much accustomed to an evil course of
Levity and Profaneness.
These things considered, we conceive it to be Duty and accord-
from the Exercise of his ministerial Function; and also to debar him
from partaking with them at the Lord's Table, for the space of Six
Weeks untill which time the Council will adjourn themselves, to
fest that Repentance which the Rule requires, they should confirm
their Love to him, and (if possible) improve him again in the Lord's
Work among them.
And this, our Advice, is grounded on these Scriptures and Reasons.
(1). Among the Lord's People in the dayes of the O. Testament, no
man might be permitted to execute the Priest's office that had a
blemish: He might not come nigh to offer the offerings of the Lord.
Levit. 21, 17, 21, which teaches that Men under moral blemishes, are
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS. 23*
unfit for holy ministrations, untill they be, in a way of Repentance,
healed. (2) It is in the New Testament required, that an Elder
should be sober and of good behaviour, and moreover he must have
a good Report of them that are without, 1 Tim. 3, 2, 7. (3) Christ's Dis-
cipline ought to be exercised impartially, without respect to Persons.
1 Tim. 5, 21. Nor does Mr. Chiever's standing in a Sacred Office-
Relation any way lessen, but greatly aggravate his sin. (4) There is
no probability that Mr. Chiever's Ministry will be blessed for good
to Souls, untill such time as his Conversation shall declare him to be
a true penitent. Mat. 5, 13.
Finally, we exhort and advise our beloved Brethren of the Church
of Maldon to set a day apart, solemnly to humble themselves by
Fasting and Prayer before the Lord under this awfull dispensation,
and for whatever failings have attended them, as to the management
of their Differences, in this hour of Temptation which they have
been subject unto. Particularly, for not observing the Rules of
Christ, in endeavouring to prevent Evils by giving seasonable notice
to Mr. Chiever of their Dissatisfactions. And for that want of Love,
and for that bitterness of Spirit, which appears in sundry of them.
So we pray the God of Love and Peace and Truth to dwell among
INCREASE MATHER, Moderator,
In the Name, and with the unanimous
Consent of the whole Council.
Note. Mr. Clriever was ordained July 27,1681, Wednesday, Mr.
Oakes dying the Sabbath before.
Thorsday, Ap. 8. the
erator pray'd, read the Council's Report. Mr. Wigglesworth spake,
thank'd him and the Council; said had cause to condemn themselves,
as for other sins, so their sudden laying Hands on Mr. Chiever; and
now God was whiping them with a Rod of their own making. Mr.
Chiever the Father, stood up and pathetically desir'd his son might
speak, but Mr. Moderator and others judg'd it not convenient, he not
having by what he said given the Council encouragement. Mr. Allin
pray'd; went to Diner; Council adjourned to that day 6 weeks.
Came Home well.
24* MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS.
[In Vol. T. p. 97, of Sewall's Diary, mention is made of Zadori." The
reference was obscure, and no light upon it presented itself to us the
sheets passed through the press. We have since received from abroad the
following letter, which, however, does but little to clear the obscurity attach-
ing to a
scholar of that name who, it seems, made a visit to
text of the manuscript copied for us seems in some places to be doubtful,
and other difficulties stand in the way of a confident translation. We offer
such an one as may serve the occasion. -- EDS.]
Bodl: MS. Tanner xxxv. f. 105.
Letter addressed: --
"To the most Reverend Father in God William, by the grace of
Jesus Lord Arch-Bishop of
Vir fidelis & Dei timens, Christique amantissime, Salve!
Non omnes quos tenus fert mortales despicato terrrae pulveri ad-
haerescunt, Amplissime Praesul, sed numerosa eorum portio, relictis
rusticanae turbae flagellis, opificumque instrumentis, altioribus animum
applicat, potiorisque sui partis, animae puta, perfectionem indefesse
quaeritat. Ingenerasse scilicet Natura hominibus quosdam Videtur
igniculos, qui desiderium sciendi stimulorum instar magnopere exci-
tant. Unde fieri consuevit, ut rerum altiorum avidius cupidi mortales,
nulla scientia satiari valeant, verum quanto propius in cognitione
rerum, cum Divinarum, turn humanarum perfectioni accessit animus,
tanto majus desiderium sciendi capiat incrementum. Quod maxime
laudabile esse, non possumus non asserere, cum sui parare perfectio-
nem sit longe laudatissimum. Puto hinc me facile impetraturum a
beata Tua Reverentia excusationem, quod per duos plane annos inter
Vos, mansuetioribus musis feci rem. Quis enim adeo excoecatus, qui
tam religiosissimum Orbis Christiani sidus, & perenne literarum decus,
immensamque Patriae & saeculi spem, facile relinquat? Si praesertim
loquar de memetipso, Proh Deum immortalem! quanta nos Hunga-
ros, in hac decrepita mundi senecta, ruina literarum operit, quam
1 William Sanicroft was at this time Archbishop of Canterbury.
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS. 25*
turpe & securum militiae nostrae ocium irrupit. Videre sic cis puto
nemo posset oculis. Ubi non nisi Mars gaudet prreliis, & nos inter
tot tantaque funesta bella pendemus potius quam sedemus. Ducimur,
& portamur per vastam eremum. Rapimur, dispergimur, in diversa
trahimur: ita ut nee coeptum opus deserere, nee supra vires ferre
valeamus. Et ipse cum anno hoc ipso Patriam versus iter facere
meditarer, intempestive nimis impedivit Hungarim recens conditio,
ut contraria via coactus sum [?] ire, quasi e tergo Hungariam intueri
plurimum delectarer. Ego igitur, mi Pater Reverendissime (quod
solum possum) Deum Optimum, Maximum, qui Te mihi providit,
obnixe deprecor, ut quando Tibi talem debitorem dedit, qui nunquam
solvenda sit futurus, beneficentiam istam quam mihi 29 die Maji, anni
1682, tam effusus impendebas, ipse Tibi dignetur pro sua benignitate
rependere, turn ut nos ab hoc aerumnoso & procelloso saeculo in suam
requiem, pro sua miseratione perducat, ubi non erit opus epistolis,
ubi non distinebit nos paries, ubi non arcebit a colloquio janitor, sed
gaudio perfruemur aeterno. Nunc pro tempore apud Novos-Anglos
haec est non modo pietati addicta, & christiana charitate imbuta,
Regiae Majestati addictissima.
quibus apud hos hospitor peregrinus, nil tale quid audivi sicut in
Scotia & Anglia a quibusdam sceleratissimis, contra Sacrae Regiae
Majestatis Thronum, blasphemia verba ex impuris palatis eructanti-
bus. Teror corde vehementer quod nil sit in me, vel penes me, quo
tantam beneficentiam Sanctae Tuae Reverentiae pensare possem, qui
sum eroque ad finem usque hujus vitae Tuae dominationi addictissimus
ac fidelis servus. Is igitur qui Dominationi Vestrm talem debitorem
dedit, qui nunquam solvendo sit futurus, Te donis suis locupletet, &
in multos annos Ecclesiae suae conservet, Serenissimam Sacrae Regiae
Majestatem, Nobilissimos Proceres, adeoque Omnes Potentissimi
Regni vestri Ordines protegat, & omni benedictionum genere quam
pinguissime cumulet; ad verae pietatis & Regni Christi propagatio-
nem aevo largissimo tueatur. Et tandem post seros vitae laudabiliter
exactae annos, ad nunquam intermoritura & desitura caelestis vitae
gaudia, solenni Angelorum comitatu introducat. Ubi cum Deo Patre
ingenito [?] & uniprocedente Paracleto, gaudio perfruemini aeterno.
Ita animitus precatur clam qui haec palam Vobis peroptat.
Salutis Vestrae avidissimus Stephanus Zadori Pannonio-Hungarus de S. P.
Scribebam hospes & peregrinus celeri cursu defessa manu ad lucer-
nam jamjam lectulo imminens Bostonii Novi-Anglorum, anno vitae
meae 29. anno vero beatissimi beatae Mariae Virgin is Filii Jesu 1682.
26* MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS.
Faithful and God-fearing man, most loving of Christ, Health!
Most Illustrious Primate, -- Not all the mortal men whom the world
sustains cling to the mean dust of the earth, but a considerable portion
of them, turning from the vexations of the rustic crowd and from the
tools or the workshops, devote their minds to higher objects, and
unweariedly strive for the perfection of their nobler part, namely,
the soul. For Nature seems to have generated in men certain sparks
which intensely rouse as with a goad the craving for knowledge.
Whence it is wont to happen that men, keenly craving higher things,
can find satisfaction in no attainment, but the nearer the mind ap-
proaches towards perfection in the knowledge alike of divine and
human things, the more does a desire for such knowledge take
increase. We cannot refrain from asserting that this is greatly
praiseworthy, inasmuch as it is superlatively laudable to be perfect-
ing one's self. So I think I may readily claim from your Blessed
Reverence an excuse for having for two full years devoted myself
among you to the more gentle muses. For who would be so blind
as slightingly to desert the most devout star of the Christian Sphere,
the perennial glory of letters, and the loftiest hope or his country
and his age? If especially I may speak of myself, By the Immortal
God! what a wreck of literature is visited upon us Hungarians in
this decrepit old age of the world, how has a base and confident
ease broken in upon our military vigor. I think no one can see this
with dry eyes, when only Mars revels in battles, and we, amidst so
many and such direful wars, hang in suspense rather than rest. We
are dragged and borne over a vast desert. We are caught up, dis-
persed and scattered, so that we can neither abandon a work under-
taken, nor bear it on beyond our strength [?]. And when I myself
was this very year contemplating a journey to my country, the recent
pelled to go in a contrary direction, as if it were my highest pleasure
(it is all that I can do,) earnestly beseech the Great and Good God,
who has provided you for me, that, since he has given to you such
a debtor as can never pay his debt, he in his benignity will vouch-
safe to repay to you that beneficence which you so lavishly bestowed
upon me on the 29th of May, 1682, and then that in his own mercy
he may guide us out of this oppressed and stormy era to his own
repose, where there will be no need of letters, where no wall will sepa-
rate us, where no janitor will restrain our intercourse, but we shall
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS. 27*
enjoy delights forever. Now for a season I am living as a guest
do with me here. Verily this is a people, not only devoted to piety
and imbued with Christian charity, but most loyal also to the Royal
Majesty. For during this whole time, in which [?]1 I, a stranger,
have been their guest, I have heard nought such as I had heard in
impure lips blasphemous words against the throne of the Sacred
Royal Majesty. I am greatly grieved at heart, that there is noth-
ing in me, or in my power, by which I can repay such kindness of
your Sacred Reverence, -- I, who am, and will be even to the end of
this life, a most devoted and faithful subject of your Lordship. May
He, therefore, who has made me such a debtor to your Lordship as
can never pay his debt, enrich you with his gifts, and preserve you
for many years to his Church; may He also protect the most Serene
Majesty of his Sacred Royalty, the most noble Lords, and all orders
of your most potent kingdom, and heap upon them most richly every
kind of blessing; may he watch over them for the propagation of
and of the
And at length, after the late years of a nobly-spent life, may he
bring you to the never-dying and endless joys of the celestial state
in the holy fellowship of the Angels, where, with the uncreated God
the Father, and the one-proceeding [?] Paraclete, you shall find the
fruition of eternal bliss. So, heartily in secret prays he who openly
craves for you such things, Stephen Zadori, of Pannonian Hungary,
de S. P. -- most desirous of your welfare.
As a guest and a stranger, I write with a running pen, with a
hand, by lamplight, just before going to bed [?], at
New-England, in the 29th year of my life and in the year of the most
Blessed Jesus, son of the Blessed Mary, 1682, October 10th.
1 This conjectural rendering of an ungrammatical text reads quo for
quibus. Another conjectural version would be, "Among those with whom
I have been a stranger-guest."
THE three following pamphlets have been reprinted, because they
deal with a controversy in which Sewall was deeply interested and
in which he took a part, and also because of their great rarity. For
a copy of the first, we are indebted to Colonel Joseph L. Chester, of
Museum; for the second and third, we are indebted to the courtesy
of the John
Carter Brown Library and the
It will be noticed that the first is a violent attack on Governor
Dudley; the second, an able defence of him; and the third, a re-
They are entitled, respectively, "A Memorial of the Present De-
Deplorable State of
In view of the charge made in the preface to the "Modest En-
quiry," it may be safely assumed that the first tract was not published
date of Nov. 1, 1707 (post, ii. 197), "after coming from Council, I
Book printed against the Governour in
seen it before." So again under date of Nov. 21, 1707 (post, ii.
200). "Some" (of the Council) "began to be hot to send for the
Book wherein the Affidavits are, and Mr. M.'s letter; and to burn it:
others were for deliberation."
Of the merits of the controversy we say nothing; a few points of
interest may be indicated. Thus it is evident that Rev. Cotton
Mather was the inciter, and perhaps the compiler, of the first pam-
phlet. The R. A. whose letter is on p. 42*, is possibly R. Armstrong,
as that name best agrees with the "Mr. Ar--nge" on p. 81*.
It seems evident that many thought that Cotton Mather had been
guilty of duplicity; but at all events the mask was now dropped.
erett" (as President) "was insupportably grievous to Increase Mather,
30* INTRODUCTORY NOTE.
and his son. They had anticipated that the choice would have fallen
upon one or the other of them. Between them there was no rivalry.
For the disappointment of both, they were not prepared. Their in-
dignation was excited against Dudley, who, as they thought, had
buoyed up their hopes until he had arranged measures and agents to
insure their defeat."
In view of these pamphlets, we may perhaps conclude that the
dissimulation was the other way. It looks rather as if Cotton
Mather, aspiring to the presidency of the college, had pretended
friendship to Governor Dudley; and, concluding that the election
would be settled in 1707, he gave vent to his malice by sending to
At all events, the reception of copies of
terminated all hopes of further friendship between the Mathers and
ness of soul. (See Collections, first series, Vol. III. pp. 126-138.)
The "Modest Enquiry" was the immediate retort; and the anec-
dote concerning Cotton Mather, printed on p. 81*, must have been a
bitter pill to his admirers.
The preface to the third tract is signed A. H.; possibly, as Palfrey
suggests, the Alexander Holmes whose name is appended to the
petition on the last page. He does not seem to have been a resi-
dent here, and was perhaps one of the persons "trading thither."
The most noticeable item therein is Samuel Sewall's protest (on
p. 111*) against the statement that the Council has passed a vote
unanimously. He dwells upon it in his Journal (post, ii. 202).
It is Palfrey's opinion (Hist., IV. 310, note) that Mather was "con-
cerned in the composition" of this third pamphlet; and, as Sewall
quarrelled with him some years before (see Journal, post, ii. 45-46),
this may account for the slurs on p. 124*. "Nevertheless, we doubt
not but in
an Hundred Men as fit to be Counsellors, as S. S. or J. C. or P. T."
These names we interpret to be, Samuel Sewall, Jonathan Corwin,
John Cushing or Joseph Church, and Penn Townsend.
We trust our readers will find in these pamphlets a sufficiently
lively picture of the questions which agitated the colony at that date
to warrant the space which we have given to them.
M E M O R I A L
Of the Present Deplorable State of
M E M O R I A L
Of the Present Deplorable STATE of
With the many Disadvantages it lyes under,
by the Male-Administration of their
Present G 0 V E R N 0 U R,
Joseph Dudley, Esq.
And his Son P A U L, &c.
The several Affidavits of People of Worth,
Relating to several of the said Governour's Mer-
cenary and Illegal Proceedings, but particularly his
private Treacherous Correspondence with Her Ma-
jesty's Enemies the French and Indians.
To which is Added, A Faithful, but Melancholy Account
of several Barbarities lately Committed upon Her Majesty's Sub-
jets, by the said French and Indians, in the East and West Parts
Faithfully Digested from the several Original Letters, Pa-
per, and M S S. by Philopolites.
Printed in the Year, MDCCVII. and Sold by S. Phillips
N. Buttolph, and B. Elliot. Booksellers in
M E M O R I A L
Of the Present Deplorable S TAT E of
THE Inhabitants of New-England had for many years
before the Late Happy Revolution, Enjoy'd the Lib-
erty and Property of as Free and Easy a Charter as a
People could Desire; and this too, with as much
Satisfaction and Loyalty on their part, as Malice and Envy
on that of their Enemies; who, from a Persecuting Spirit, looking
upon this their Charter with an evil Eye, took up an Implacable
Resolution of Robbing them of it. They had no sooner Effected
this, but a vast Scene of Misery appear'd; and they found
among the principal Instruments of this Mischief, One,* whom
their own Womb had brought forth, and whose Breasts had
Nourished! But the Unhappy (or rather Happy) Reign of the
Late K. J. running Precipitantly upon its own Ruin, made well
for the deliverance of New-England; without which doubtless
the People had fell a sacrifice to French and Popish Slavery.
[ 2] We shall not Recriminate here the Mismanagements of
the then Governour Sir Edmund Andross, since that Gentleman
is now in a
Necessary to say some Matters of Fact, of the present Governour
Dudley, who, (under the said Sir E. Andross) acted as President
of the Council, and One of the Quorum in all his Affairs.
* The present Governour, J. Dudley, Esq. is a Native of New England,
Born at or
near a place call'd Roxbury, 2 Miles from
36* A MEMORIAL OF THE PRESENT
The Behaviour of this Man, as soon as he arrived, struck in
est. Indeed, the People were something Surpris'd to see the
publick Offices and Places of Trust snatch'd from them, and
Conferr'd on Strangers on one hand, and the Avarice and Beg-
on t'other. But, when the President was pleased, out of an
Active and Passive Principle, to tell our Countreymen, in open
Council, That the People in New-England were all Slaves; and
that the only Difference between Them and Slaves, was their not
being Bought and Sold: And that they must not think thePrivi-
leges of Englishmen would follow them to the end of the World.
I say, when the People heard this, they lookt upon themselves
in a manner Lost. On one Hand they saw their Enemies
invested with a full Power in the Government; on t'other they
saw themselves not only turn'd out of the Publick Ministry,
but under a Necessitous Fear of being Quiet, left their Estates
should be Siezed, and themselves Imprisoned. On this side they
saw their Wives and Children, their Fathers, Mothers, &c.
Butchered daily by a Handful of Barbarous Indians; on t'other
side, little or no Resistance made by their Armies, which were
Commanded by those of the Romish Religion; insomuch that it
seem'd rather an intended Massacre, than a Desire of putting an
End to a Diabolick and Bloody War. They saw then, that they
had to their Cost, brought forth a Prophet, who told them they
were Slaves; and they then saw his Prophecy fulfilling: In fine,
they saw all this, but perceiv'd no way to escape; till throw-
ing up their Cryes to Heaven, they were animated by Divine
Power, to Rescue themselves and Children from the approaching
 Under the Pressure of all these Grievances, they Unani-
mously arose, upon the coming in of the late King William, of
Blessed Memory, Siezed the Government for HIS Majesty's Use;
and, amongst the rest of the Authors of their Miseries, not un-
justly Imprison'd this their present Governour.
From that time New-England took Heart, and concluded
that Heaven was removing from them all the Plagues in their
Land. They indeed Thankfully Rejoiced to see themselves Re-
stored to their Ancient Liberty, as afterwards in a great Measure
they were by another Ministry.
And thus much for the former Actions of the Author of the
following Matters of Fact, which has rendered His Love to his
Country, His Veneration for the
a Free People, His Fidelity, Justice, and Loyalty; in delivering
the Oppressed, and detecting the Queen's Prosess'd Enemies,
DEPLORABLE STATE OF
but the Reverse of Good Mens Actions, and ought to be Remem-
bered only as so many Monuments of Infamy.
But to come down to our Memorial, and inform the World of
the modern Mismanagements of this unhappy Gentleman, we
humbly Declare, That
THE Trade with the French and Indians, being so counte-
nanced by the Governour, that without speedy Remedy,
the Country is in great Danger of being Ruined, which will
plainly Appear as follows:
First, In the Year 1705, The Governour sent his Son William
Dudley, with Captain Vetch, to
Captives; but brought very few back to
those that were there, and them of the Meanest fort, leaving the
Principal of the said Captives behind, to give them occasion of
going again, that they might have a Pretence to Colour their
Treacherous Design of Trading, as Appears by the said Vetch's
Acknowledgment of going to Settle a Correspondency with the
Enemy, and carrying a Cargo out with him of 800 1. which,
according to their Disposal,  might amount to near 3000 1.
as particularly Shot, which was Sold at 13 Sous per Pound;
whereof they carried a considerable Quantity; also Rigging,
Pitch, Iron, and other Necessaries, fit for supplying the Indians
and French, and this done under a Colour, of the said Vetch's
going to get in a Debt due to him, from the French, of 800 1.
with the Governour's Approbation.
Secondly, For Settling a Correspondency with the French
Governour at Port-Royal, for Exchange of Prisoners; Whereas
it was indeed, only a Cover for an Illegal Trade; when, at the
same time, the French there, were drove to such extreme Hard-
ships, for want of Ammunition Provision, &c. that most of
their Principal People were forced to go out a Privateering
on our Coasts, who were, afterwards taken and brought into
vice among the Enemy, who had been a Barbarous, Murdering
Fellow, to the English: He, with all the other French Prisoners,
were sent to
great part of our People that were Prisoners, were left behind at
the same time, and that, because our Governour had been false
in his Promise, to the French Governour, who had restrained the
Indians from disturbing our Fishery, and indeed would not
allow them any Ammunition for a considerable time, till our
countenanced a trade with them, and supply'd them by the
Veffels that were sent as Transports (as aforesaid) to fetch
38* A MEMORIAL OF THE PRESENT
Prisoners; when at the fame time they were made Veffels
of Merchandize, as appears by the Indian Traders on their
Thirdly, The Country are at a vast Charge, in maintaining an
Army Yearly, to March several Hundred Miles up into the
Country, to Destroy the Indians Corn, the better to disenable
them to Subsist; for they have been so Reduced (as by Infor-
mation of the Captives) that a great part of them would Perish
for Want, were it not for the Supply they had from the said
Indian Traders; who particularly, Sold about Eight Quarts of
Indian Corn for one large Beaver Skin; which Trade has
been all along countenanced by the Governour, which suffi-
ciently Appears, by his being always Unwilling  the Prison-
ers taken in that Trade should be Fined, or Punished, even
owned by Vetch, as in his Petition more at large, is set forth.
Fourthly, The Country was at a great Expence, in Erecting a
for securing the fame, thereby to suppress the Enemy, and keep
sure Footing in that part of the Country, and the Governour,
through some Design or Neglect, did suffer those Soldiers to
remain there without any Commission Officer, to the great Dissat-
isfaction and Dread to the Soldiers; insomuch, that they
Captain Cally, (a Member of the Assembly at
that when the Enemy came upon them, they would Surrender
the Fort, and dare not Resist for want of a Commission. Then
Captain Cally made Application to the Assembly, which he
Sitting when he came to
the Governour, that speedy care might be taken, that some Per-
son might be Commissionated to Command that Fort, which,
with a great deal of Difficulty, was at last Obtained.
Fifthly, And further, as to the Governour's countenancing
this Private and Illegal Trade, the Country has been at vast
Expence occasioned thereby; insomuch, that at one Sessions
the last Summer, the Assembly were forc'd to raise 33000 Pounds,
for Supporting and Maintaining the Charge they were put to,
by the Enemies Invasions, after they had a Supply; that
whereas, if things were rightly Managed, and the Enemy kept
back for want of those Supplies, one Third Part of the said Sum
might have answer'd the End. The Indians that were Supply'd
by those Traders, are the only People that destroyed our Eastern
Fishery, and the Coast of
fame that were at Destroying of New-found-land; particularly
one Escombuet, a Principal Commander among them, who is
generally one that Heads the Indians, when they come to
Destroy the English in New-England.
DEPLORABLE STATE OF NEW ENGLAND. 39*
Sixthly, The Governour, with his Son Paul, not being Con-
tent with what Money they come fairly by, and over greedy of
Gain, are very Screwing and Exacting upon the People, parti-
ularly upon sundry Inhabitants, taking away their Priviledge in
catching  of Whales, a Priviledge they have Enjoyed many
years before; that is, (under a Pretence of drift Fish) what
Whales are taken by Her Majesty's Subjects, he takes from
Force, not giving them the
Common Law, but for his own Ends, decides the Matter in
the Admiralty, where his Son Paul is the Queen's Attour-
ny and Advocate, thereby Encroaching the whole to them-
selves, a thing never heard of before, and very much to the
Prejudice of Her Majesty's good subjects there, and that with-
Seventhly, As to the Address the Governour Obtained, pre-
come over from the General Assembly at
favour, for his Continuance, it was no more than what he Clan-
destinely procured, by fending to his particular Friends; such,
who being either Related to him, or bore Commissions under
him, dare not deny his Request, and was never approved nor
allowed of by the Assembly; but on the Contrary, had not the
Majority of the Country, waited in Expectation of Her Majesty's
Favour, in fending another Governour, they would largely have
signified their Resentments and Dissatisfaction, in the Adminis-
tration of Dudley's Government.
Eighthly, While the Great and General Assembly at Boston
were Sitting, there arrived a Flagg of Truce from Canada, with
a haughty Demand of the Governour, for all the French Prisoners,
charging of him with breach of Promise, which was the occasion
of the French Governour's not fending several of the Prisoners,
particularly a Minister that was taken Captive at Derefield,
detained by the French, who might have been Discharged with
Ninthly, The Lower House, mistrusting the French Flagg of
Truce coming upon a Trading Design, as well as for Prisoners,
ordered the Flagg of Truce to be diligently Searched, who found
on Board their Vessel sundry new Arms and Ammunition, hid in
Private Places, particularly new Bullets, hid among Pease, and
yet denied by the Commander, who was an English Renagado,
which Ammunition being brought before the Assembly, were
concluded to be Bought in
Governour in- terposing, the Matter was hushed up and Con-
niv'd at, to the great Dissatisfaction of the Assembly, and Coun-
try in general.
40* A MEMORIAL OF THE PRESENT
This being realy the State of New-England, and its Provinces,
it may very well be called Deplorable, when it is render'd the
very Scene of Arbitrary Power, with all that's Miserable: But to
proceed, before I come down to, the several Affidavits upon these
Heads, it is Convenient to Recite some Letters from the Inhabi-
ants of that Place, who, under a deep Sense of their Approach-
ing Ruin, have breath'd forth their Complaints in the following
Boston, New-England October 2: 1706.
IN AS MUCH, as you have Expected from me, a true and brief
Representation of several Matters, relating to this Province, I
shall, with all possible Faithfulness, endeavour it. Our Present
Governour is not without a number of those, whom he has by
Promotions and Flatteries made his Friends; but this hinders
not a much more considerable number, from wishing, that we had
a Governour, who would put an end unto the horrid Reign of
Bribery, in our Administration, and who would not infinitely
Incommode Her Majesty's Service, by keeping the People in con-
tinual Jealousies of his Plots, upon their most Valuable Interests.
What the disposition of the People towards him is, you may
guess by this: There was lately prepared an Address from hence,
to the Queen, upon many important Articles; but by certain Arts
there was got into it a Clause, to desire of the Queen, that this
Governour might be continued, the Representatives Voted all the
rest of the Address, but this Clause they absolutely Rejected; they
could not get above Five or Six Votes for it, so the whole Address,
(which was contrived by a Party for nothing but that Clause) fell
to the ground.
 There happened lately a number of Persons, namely, Bore-
land, Vetch, Rouse, Lawson, Philips and Cauplin to be taken
managing an unlawful Trade with the French and Indians, the
Commodities wherein they Traded, were such, that the late Act of
Parliament made their Crime to be High Treason, and we had no
Act of the Province relating to that Matter, but was defectively
Expressed. Our merciful Assembly was mighty loathe to proceed
unto so severe a Judgment as that of Death, upon these Offenders.
The Offenders Petitioning for it, the General Assembly were (very
much by the Governour's influence) drawn into it, to take the
Tryal of them into their own Hands; and as only Guilty of an
High Misdemeanour, the Vote for it was obtained in a Thin House,
upon an hurry at breaking up; and some Clauses in the Charter
were so Construed, as to Countenance it. Upon their coming
together again, they would fain have revoked their Votes, as fear-
ing, that the very Persons who had been their Tempters into it,
would turn their Accusers, and improve it by way of Complaint,
for the Enemies of our Charter to work upon; but the Governour
would by no means permit the Revocation of that wrong Step, (if
it were one) so the Tryal proceeded, and the Offenders were Fined
in several Sums, by an Act of the Governour and Assembly.
It is now laid, that the ingrateful Men who were saved from the
Gallows, by the Tenderness of the Government, are now cutting
our Throats, and Petition home against the Government, for Fin-
ing them instead of Hanging them; yea, it is also said, that the
very Person who was the chief Cause of drawing the Assembly
into this extraordinary Proceeding, intends to make an ill use of
it, against the Country; if you are sensible of any thing of this
nature carrying on, we pray you to add unto the rest of your
Offices, that of an Intercession, that an harmless People, surpriz'd
into any Error, may not be Punished any otherwise, than by the
removal of such as have been the Causes of it; and so much for
 Sir, You would do a vast Service to the Crown, if you would
the designs of reducing
Scotia, a much less Fleet than what annually goes into the Indies,
coming early enough in the Spring, may easily do the former, even
in the way thither, and a Scotch Colony might be of good Con-
do the latter; but if any assistance from
should be expected in this matter, it is of absolute necessity that
the Country have a Governour whom the People may somewhat
Sir, You are Born to do the Queen and the Nation Service,
you are spirited for great undertakings; you are highly beloved
and esteemed among our People in this Land, and where-ever you
have come, 'tis wished that you may do some considerable Action
in this Affair.
I have been earnestly Sollicited to Address one of the most Illus-
trious Patriots of the English Nation, my Lord High Treasurer,
with some of these Intimations: That Noble Person is known to be
such a Patron to all good Men, and such a defence of Oppressed
Innocence and Liberties; that we all fly to him as our unquestion-
able Refuge, I am well satisfied there would need nothing (to
speak Humanely) to make this Country Easy and Happy, but for
that excellent Person to have an exact Representation of our Cir-
cumstances, nothing hinders me from attempting it, but the
hazard of doing what may be thought a presumption in one so
much a stranger to him, nevertheless, I am desired by some consid-
erable Persons to move you, that you would wait upon his Lord-
42* A MEMORIAL OF THE PRESENT
ship, and fully acquaint him with the Matters now laid before
May the Almighty prosper you;
I am, Sir,
Your Obliged Servant, &c.
I may inform you of one Action lately done among us, which
I know you will be pleased withal. Upon the advice of [ 10] the
extream Distress whereto the French Invasion had brought St.
Chriftian manner expressed their Charity towards those, who
perhaps would have hardly done the like for them, on a like
Occasion. We made a Collection for the Relief of their Necessi-
ties, the Collection was, as I am told, between 7 and 800 1. in
Collection, there were two Churches in
and the North, one gave somewhat above a 100 l. the other gave
a little under it. Certainly, a Country so ready to serve Her
Majesty, and to help their fellow Subjects, ought to have a room
in the Thoughts of all good Men in the English Nation.
The foregoing Letter carrying with it so many undeniable
Truths, the World must of consequence concede with the gen-
eral Exclamations of the now Distressed New-Englanders. Indeed
the publick had not been allarm'd with there Distant Calamities,
had the inexorable Authors of them adhered to reitterated
Grievances, from those who too severely suffer'd under their
Protection. The Author of this Letter, who is a Person of a
character beyond the reach of Envy, and one who is a great
Blessing to his Native Country, had not invoked the protection
and Assistance of others, without a due sense of the Danger his
innocent Neighbours and Country-men were expos'd to. To
Report all the Letters of Complaint from there Provinces, would
be too Voluminous and tiresome to the Reader; we will only
mention one more, which, tho' short and plain, carries nothing
but Veracity with it.
ALL the People here are Bought and Sold, betwixt the Gov-
ernour and his Son Paul; they are so Mercenary, there is
no Justice to be had without Money: There is not one Publick
Place in the Government that is worth Money, but what the
Governour or Paul goes Halves with: In short, the whole Coun-
try is very uneasy, and the People here are so universally set
against him, that Her Majesty can scarce give a greater Instance
DEPLORABLE STATE OF
of Her tender Care and Regard to them, than by a re-
[11 ] moval of him, which to my certain knowledge, would be
soon followed by a Sincere and Hearty Acknowledgment of
Her Majesty's Singular Favour to them, in that particular.
In the foregoing Letters we find several things Worthy our
Remark; but I shall only mention the Three following:
(1.) That without Money, there is no Justice to be had in New-
Condition; the faces of their Poor being ground to Dust; their
Widows Houses laid Waste, and the hopes of their Offspring cut
off. From whence we may infer, that New-England having a
Governour, whose God is the Mammon of this World; whose
Principles act Counter to the Design of his Power; and whose
Drift is the Ruin of his own Country; the Inhabitants thereof
have nothing but Justice on their part to Petition Her Majesty to
throw him aside.
(2.) A general uneasiness under, and opposition to this Gover-
nour, thro' the whole Country. And this, methinks, might stop
the Mouths of some People here, (who, not knowing the Nature
of this affair, no otherwise than as their Interest leads them to
side with the Governour, or by Virtue of a bare Friendship Con-
him whilst he Resided in
Period to all their Objections in his Behalf; especially One,
unhappily let slip from the Mouth of a Gentleman too well
known for his great Learning and Parts, to be thought so over-
sighted, and that is to this Effect. If a Governour must be
removed for every trivial Complaint, there wou'd be no End of
such Removals; and Her Majesty Ministry would be wholly
taken up with turning out, and putting in. I will not pretend to
affirm the Reason that produc'd this hasty Plea for our Criminal
Governour; but sure I am, the Author of it knows too much
Law, than to extenuate the like Crimes in others. And a weak
Argument I take it to endeavour the influencing our Superiors in
Redressing Grievances of the Subject, when the several matters
of Fact Sworn to, are laid down before them: But  to say
no more, this Gentleman has not been the first that has over-shot
himself in Defending things of this Nature. And
(3dly) A fervent Desire to be eas'd of Oppression, i:e. That
they might be capable of acknowledging with Respect and
Gratitude, the mighty advantages of such a Deliverance to the
Queen of Great Brittain; to a Queen who is all Justice and Piety,
44* A MEMORIAL OF THE PRESENT
tions of her Subjects, but maintain them in their Rights and
Priviledges. Let not New-England doubt then of finding Re-
dress, from so Great and Gracious a Mistress, notwithstanding the
subtle Designs and Evasions of Evil-minded Men. And so we
come to present the Reader with a further Account of the said
Mismanagements, by another Hand.
SOMETIME in the Spring of the Year, 1706, Mr. Dudley, the
present Governour of the Province of Massachusets Bay,
and New-Hampshire, writ a Letter from Boston, Directed to Mr.
Richard Waldron, and my self, to use our Interest to prevail
with the Council at an Assembly, to Draw up an Address to the
Queen, That Her Majesty would please to continue the said
Dudley in the Government of New-Hampshire. Whereupon the
said Waldron (after he had Communicated the Letter to me)
drew up an Address, and shew'd it to the Assembly, and pre-
vailed with them to pass it in Both Houses, with little Alteration.
And this is the Address that is now come over from the Prov-
ince of New-Hampshire. The Assembly was much against it,
but we thought it would be best for us to do any thing that
would please the Governour at that time; considering, that we
were always in danger of the Enemy, and concluded, it was
much in his Power, under God, to preserve us, having often
heard him say, that he would stop the Courier, of the Indians
and French, (when he pleas'd) in a Month or Six Weeks time;
and I did then, and do still believe, that he could prevent the
Indians and French from coming upon us, and Killing us as they
did; for I know that he had Correspondence with a Fryer or
Jesuit, or one so called, a Frenchman that Lives among the
Indians, and hath great influence over them, who writes himself
Galen Emesary. The Governour to my certain Knowledge, did
order sundry things that were sent him; [13 ] and considering
the great Correspondence (he told me) he had with the Gover-
nour of Port-Royal, it caused a firm belief in me, that he could
do what he would with the Enemy: These, with other Motives,
press'd us forwards to get the Address passed, concluding all
these things would add to our Peace, if rightly improved; and
the Indians, about that time, and for many Months before, had
done little or no Mischief, and for my part, I did really believe, that it was
the Governour's Interest that caused our quiet, but soon found we were Mistaken,
finding out, that much about the same time that Waldren and myself were
forwarding the Address to Her Majesty, to continue Mr. Dudley Governour,
he was countenancing a private Trade with the Indians and French, our
Enemies, as we found by woful Experience: For soon after those Traders
went to the Eastward, the Indians came sharply down upon us about the latter
end of June last, Killed Six People, Wounded two, and carried away two from
the Town of
DEPLORABLE STATE OF NEW ENGLAND. 45*
Almsbury; and a little before they Killed Lieutenant John Shap-
leigh, at the Town of
Wife and Children, all Killed and Scalped out of the Township
were committed before I came from thence, which was about
the beginning of September last; God knows how many have
been thus Barbaroufly Murther'd since. Captain Vetch, and
Captain Lawson, oftentimes told me, that they had oftentimes
acquainted the Governour with their design of going to the East-
ward upon Trade, and had the consent of him, and did solemnly
protest that they would not have gone without it: And I do
believe, and it is generally believed in New-England, that the
Governour did know of this Trade, and no doubt but that he was
to have a share of the Profit. When there Traders came from the
French and Indians, one of their Vessels stopped at the Isle of
Shoals, near the Province of New-Hamshire, the Master's Name
was Rouse, who brought to that place from Port-Royal Seven
Prisoners; and Capt. Jethro Furbur being at the said Isles of
Shoales, at the said time when the Vessel came in, heard the said
Prisoners affirm, That the Eastern Indians had no Shot, nor Bul-
lets, nor Lead to make any, and it was very scarce with the
French, insomuch that they could not supply them, so that the
Indians were  like to Starve for want of Ammunition; for
great part of their Livelihood depends on their Guns to Kill
Wild Beasts and Fowl, &c. whereby we find it was not the
Governour's Interest he had with the Enemy, to prevent their
coming upon us, but it was for want of Ammunition: And
those Prisoners that were brought from Port-Royal, which Capt.
Furber spoke with at the Isles of Shoals, did further affirm, That
they heard the Governour of Port-Royal say, That be had given
his Letter to the Governour of Boston, that he would not supply
the Indians with Powder nor Shot, but that he would do all he
could to prevent the Indians coming upon the English, and had
been as good as his Word; but that the said Governour of
he was able to do; for the Traders from
Tuns; and that if this Trade had not been incouraged by the Governour,
we should have had no Men Killed, nor indeed any Disturbance amongst
us. It is my Belief, and it seems very plain to me, that the Governour
intends to forward the French and Indian Enemy to Destroy all they
can, and keep the Country allarm'd, thereby to put them to such vast
Charges, as will Ruin the whole Government, by Killing some and Impov-
erishing the rest. There was never such Taxes on the Poor
People as now; 33000 l. being raised a little before I came away,
46* A MEMORIAL OF THE PRESENT
and many great Sums not long before that. I was credibly
Informed that some Persons were forced to cut open their
Beds, and Sell the Feathers to Pay their Taxes. I don't remem-
ber that ever there :was any of the Indian Enemy Kill'd or
Taken since Mr. Dudley came over Governour, except an Old
Woman, and two others I took to be Girls by their Scalps; and
some few taken near Port-Royal taken by Major Church. So
that instead of being Destroyed, I wish they be not preserv'd:
For, Six Months before it came to pass, the Governour Mr.
they came again, and it proved accordingly. He told me, That
the Indians would not come in any great Body as they used to
do, but they would come in small Numbers, no Number above
Thirty, and so Line the Woods from Dearfield, which is the
South-West side of the Massachusets Government, and all along
the Woods, just within the Towns to Casko Bay, which is the
North-East Part of inhabitants at this time. And this Method
I am afraid will be continued till the Country is for a great part
Destroyed, if Mr. Dudley be continued Governour. As for the
Address he ob-  tained of the militia of Massachuset's Bay,
it was a forc'd thing; for the Officers are beholden to him for
their Commissions, and if any Refus'd to Sign what the Gover-
nour got drawn, he could put them out, and put in others as he
Thus having given the Publick an Exact Relation of the pres-
ent State of New-England, it remains only that we Produce a
Confirmation of all that hath been said. To which end we will
begin with the several Affidavits and Depositions already made,
and which are as follows.
DEPLORABLE STATE OF NEW ENGLAND. 47*
The several Affidavits as they were laid before the Q U E E N
and Council, relating to the Governour of New-England's
Mercenary and Illegal Proceedings, but particularly his
private Correspondence with Her Majesties Enemies, espe-
cially the French and Indians
The Two Affidavits of Mr. John Calley.
JOHN CALLEY of
Marble-head in the
That he doth and hath good reason to Believe, That Her Majesties
Colonies of New-England are in great Danger of being Ruined
by reason of Governour Dudleys Countenancing a Trade, and
Correspondence with the French, and Indian Enemies, and many
other his Irregular pratices. Also faith, that the said Governour
did in the Year, 1705, send his Son William Dudley with Captain
who accordingly went and brought back only a few of the meanest
of the English Captives; Leaving the chiefest of them there for an
their returning again to
Correspondence with the French; and that the said Vetch did
carry out with him a Cargo of about 800 lib. Value in Iron, Pitch,
Rigging, Shot, &c: Which Cargo upon a Moderate Computation,
might produce near 3000 lib. And that the said Vetch did also
pretend that he went with Governour Dudley's Approbation to get
in a Debt of 800 lib. Contracted in time of Peace; And due to
him from the French, of which matters and things he this Depo-
nent, hath been credibly informed, and Believes them to be true.
And further saith that it did appear to the General. As-  sem-
bly of the Massachusets Colony in New-England, that Captain
William Rouse was (the better to colour a Trade with the French,
and Indians) sent to Port-Royal with a Flag of Truce, under Pre-
tence of settling a Correspondence with the French Governour
there for exchanging Prisoners; and did Trade not only with his
own Vessel, but had also at the same Time two other Trading
Vessels with him, under his own Direction, and did bring back
&c. To above 2000 lib. Value, and that the said
did allow one Dishey Foe, a French Prisoner on Parole, to go in
the same Vessel with the said Rouse, who acted as Interpreter
between the said Rouse and the Indians, in Trading with them
48* A MEMORIAL OF THE PRESENT
and that the said Flag of Truce meeting with one of the two other
Vessels, the said Foe was put into the same with several Goods,
and Merchandises, out of the said Flag of Truce, with which the
said Foe was Trading; and that the said Foe returned again to
Boston, and that when the said Furrs, &c. were brought to Boston,
it was alledged, that they were brought to Pay French Mens Debts
in New-England, but that it was proved that the said Furrs, &c.
were mostly purchased by the Goods carried out in the Vessel of the
said Rouse and were seized, yet cleared afterwards; And the said
Rouse declared to the said Assembly, that he had done nothing but
by Governour Dudleys approbation; and that it appeared to the
said General Assembly that the Enemies distress through want
of Ammunition, Provision, &c. before they were by the English
supplied, occasioned many of them to go out a Privateering on the
English Coast, some of which were taken and brought into Boston,
and were afterwards with other French Discharged and sent to
Canada, and Port-Royal, and among others one Battis a Prisoner
Kept for Murders, &c. by him committed upon the English in
cold Blood, and under a Flag of Truce, and he being a Man of
great note and Service among the French and usually joyned with
the Indians, whilst the English Prisoners were still detained,
because Governour Dudley had as was alledged, falsified his
Promise to the French Governour, who had restrained the Indians
from Disturbing the English Fishery or otherwise; and would not
allow them any Amunition for a considerable time, nor until they
were supplied by the English Vessels sent under the pretence of
fetching Prisoners, about which Letters were produced from the
French Governour. And this Deponent further saith, that it
appeared to the said General Assembly, that the endeavours of the
Country, by a chargeable maintaining an Army, and sending them
yearly several hundred Miles to destroy the Indians Corn, thereby
to distress and subdue them, have (by their being supplied in their
great Necessities, by such  Traders, for great Prices) been in
a great measure frustrated, and that if the said Indians had not
been so supplied many more of them must have perished thro' want;
and that Governour Dudley, generally shewed an unwillingness
that such Traders when taken, should be punished, or Fined; and
further saith, that the above said Colony, was at a great Expence
to Erect a
Securing the same to suppress the Enemy, and to keep sure Footing
in that Part of the Country, yet that Governour Dudley suffered
those Souldiers to remain there without any Comission Officer, to
the great dissatisfaction and dread of the said Souldiers, info-
much that they declared to this Deponent, a Member of the said
Assembly, that if the Enemy should come upon them they would
Surrender the said Fort, and dared not Resist for want of a Com-
mission, and that he, this Deponent coming into the Assembly
then Sitting at Boston; and Informing them thereof, the said
DEPLORABLE STATE OF NEW ENGLAND. 49*
Assembly Represented to the Governour, the necessity of speedily
Commissionating some person to command that Fort, which after
some considerable time was obtained: And this Deponent further
saith, that the said Colony, hath by reason of such Illegal Trade
been put to vast Expences to secure themselves from the Invasions
of the Enemy; and that in one Sessions the last Summer was
raised by the said Assembly, about 33000 lib. When as otherwise
one-third part thereof might have been sufficient. And further
saith, that the Indians, that have been thus Supplyed are the only
People, tltat destroy the Eastern parts of the Countrey; the Fish-
credibly Informed, and doth believe the very same Indians that
were at the
Escombuct, that usually heads the Indians when they come to
destroy the New-Englanders. And this Deponent further saith,
that he hath been credibly Informed and hath good reason to
believe; that Governour Dudley doth several ways Illegally exact
from Her Majesties Subjects several Sums of Money, and De-
prives them of the Priviledges in catching of Whales by force,
taking Whales from the Fishers under Pretence of Drift-fish; and
obstructs the course of Justice; and Particularly that one Clap
took by force a Whale from one Newcomb, upon which the said
Newcomb sued Clap, and obtained Judgment against him, and for
which he was cast into Prison, and then was cleared by Governour
this Deponent further saith, that he is informed that an Address
hath been sent to Her Majesty, Representing, as if the People of
Prayed for the continuing the said
Governour; but that  he doth in part know, and hath been
informed, and hath great grounds to believe, that the far greatest
part of Her Majesties Subjects in New-England are very weary
under his administration, and that the said Governour Dudley did
cause to be Prepared an Address to Her Majesty, for his Contin-
uance, and the same to be sent up and down the Country, to get
hands thereunto, and that the same was only Signed by such per-
sons as were in Commission under him, or influenced by him. And
that he this Deponent doth know that an Address was presented to
the House of Representatives, to be Sign'd, Praying for several
Favours from Her Majesty, but because in the said Address a
prayer for his Continuing Governour was inserted, the whole
Address was by the said House Rejected: And that he doth believe,
that if an Address to Remove him hath not been presented, it was
because they had an Expectation that Her Majesty, would suddenly
favour that Countrey with a better Governour: And further saith,
that wilst the Assembly was Sitting there arrived Flag of Truce
from the French Governour, with a haughty Demand of the
French Prisoners, in New-England, and charging Governour
50* A MEMORIAL OF THE PRESENT
Trading Vessels on their Coasts; whereupon the House of Repre-
sentatives Suspecting the Flag of Truce to come upon account of
Trade, Ordered the Vessel to be searched, and that there was found
on Board the same New Arms and Ammunition, hid in private
places, particularly shot among Peas, yet denied by the Commander
thereof, who was an English Renegado; part of which being
brought before the said House, it was Generally concluded, that they
had been newly bought in Boston; but the Governour Interposing,
the matter was hushed up to the great dissatisfaction of the General
Assembly, and Country in General, and altho' the Assembly
moved the Governour for a strict Guard to be kept on the Vessel or
Flag of Truce, nothing was done. This Deponent further saith,
that the House of Representatives, Insisted not only upon far
greater Fines to be laid on the foresaid Traders, and others Con-
cerned; but also that they should stand upon the Gallows, and
suffer Twelve Months Imprisonment, and continued insisting upon
the same about Three Weeks; but Governour Dudley, not consenting
thereto, by his Wearying out the said House, and persuading them
to Moderate [2O] their sentence; to the great dissatisfaction of the
Council, and the said House; at last the House altered their Sen-
tence; to the Fines they now Stand Charged with.
Fur. 2 die Jun. 1707
of Marble-head in the
That about the middle of the Month of May, 1706, This Deponent
was chosen an Assembly-Man, or Representative for the said Town
of Marble-head, to fit in the Great and General Court of Assembly
land, on the last Wednesday of the said Month of May; and
accordingly this Deponent took the usual Oath and was a Member
of the said Court of Assembly, and that in the beginning of the
said Sessions, the House of Assembly, or Representatives, being
Informed by some Captives redeem'd out of Captivity from the
French and Indians That there were some English Persons Trad-
ing in the Eastern parts of New-England with the French and
Indians; and that one Captain Samuel Vetch was returned to
Cape Ann, from such Trading; whereupon this Deponent was
Authorized by the Governour, Council, and Assembly, to Search for
the said Persons so trading as aforesaid, and to Seize their Goods,
Vessels, and Effects, and in Pursuance of his Commission this
Deponent at Marble-head aforesaid, found one John Curtys Pilot
of the said Vessel, Coming privately on shore, to go to Mr. John
DEPLORABLE STATE OF NEW ENGLAND. 51*
and Goods, and Seized the said Curtys, whom this Deponent Carried
Boston, where he was Examined before the Governour, and Coun-
cil: And there gave an Account upon Oath of the said Voyage and
Trading, as by his Testimony, given in upon the Tryal appears,
and afterwards this Deponent Seized the Sloop or Vessel called the
Flying-Horse, Archibal Furgison Master, and the Resolution,
Thomas Barrow Master; wherin  was found sundry Parcels
of Goods brought back again in the Flying-Horse and not Disposed
of tn the Trade abovesaid, and this Deponent put the Vessel and
Goods into the Possession of Mr. William, Pain, Deputy Collector of
Majesty's Customs at
of Loading, Orders, and Papers, found on Board the Flying-Horse,
it appeared that the said John Borland, Samuel Vetch, and Roger
Lawson were Owners of the said Sloop Flying-Horse, and the Cargo
put on Board her for the Voyage aforesaid: Which Amounts to the
Value of Eight Hundred Pounds, as the find Curtys Informed this
Deponent; whereupon by a Vote of the House of Assembly, a
Messenger was sent for the said Vetch, Borland, and Lawson,
and upon their Examination before the said House, and other
Evidences that were Produced against them, the said Borland,
Vetch, and Lawson, Were Committed to Prison for Treason, in
Aiding, and Assisting, Her Majesties Enemies Contrary to a Late
Act of Parliament made in England: And this Deponent further
faith, that he was sent in the Province Galley to look for other
Persons that had likewise been, and were Trading with the French
and Indians, and it appeared that William Rouse, John Philips,
and Ebenezer Coffin, had also been Concern'd for Illegal Trading
with the French and Indians: And upon their Examinations and
Evidences Produced against them, they were Committed by the said
House of Representatives for Treason as the other were, who were
all Continued in Prison upon their ------- for several Weeks, the
General Court or Assembly, still Sitting, and that the Prisoners
Petitioned the said Court, to be Tryed for High Misdemeanours
only: Which the Lower House would not consent to, for some
Weeks when the Countrey-men in the General Court being wanted
at Home, upon present Occasions, and to Guard their Families,
being then Invested in several Places by the French and Indians,
who had been supply'd by the laid Traders with shot and other
Necessaries, as by the Evidence appear'd, but were still detained by
the Governour from their Lawful business, who was altogether
averse for Tring them for so Treason, and used Stenuous Arguments,
and his utmost endeavours to Try them for High Midsdemeanours
Alledging (amongst other things) that they had Power by the
Charter to Try them so, and to lay Fines, and Mulcts, and Impris-
onments upon them, Which would be of much greater advantage to
the Country, than to Try them for Treason. And the said Governour
having Wearied out the Assembly, and Keeping them only on that
52* A MEMORIAL OF THE PRESENT
Affair; and when many of the most Prudent Men of the Assembly
were gone, to their Respective dwellings, he over perswaded the Re-
mainder (which  could but just make a House) to alter their Vote,
to Try them for High Misdemeanor's instead of Treason. As they
were at first Committed, which by his means was consented unto,
and they were all afterwards Convicted of High Misdemeanours,
and fined, as by their Tryal Appears wherein the Govenour still
interceeded for the moderating thereof; and by his means they were
Reduc'd to the several Sums, they now stand Fined for.
Collonell Partridges Affidavits.
WILLIAM PARTRIDGE of
In New-England; now in
Esq: Deposeth that Sometime in the Month of January, 1702,
Col. Joseph Dudley Governour of the said Province, and of the
Massachusets-Bay, did Dispose of two Great Guns out of Her
Majesties Fort, at New-castle, in the Province of New-Hampshire,
and received the money for the same: And this Deponent further
saith, that one Mr. Theodore Atkinson, being an Officer appointed
to Receive a Duty the General Assembly had laid upon all Boards
and Staves exported out of the said Province of New-Hampshire,
(and Naval Officer there) was threatened by Mr. Paul Dudley
the Governour's Son, and the Queens Attorney to have turned
him out of his Place, for not paying the Money due the Preceed-
ing Year, as agreed for. And this Deponent Paid Ten or
Twelve Pounds in Part of what was behind, that the said Officer
might not be turned out of his Place, which Sum the said Atkin-
son afterwards repay'd to this Deponent; And that a year or
two afterwards the said Paul Dudley told this Deponent, that the
Governour should turn the said Atkinson out of his Place, for that
he had not Pay'd him all that was agreed for, whereupon this
Deponent acquainted the said Atkinson therewith, who reply'd
that there was not above Five or Six Pounds behind, and he
would Pay it the next Post: And that sometime in the Month of
August last, as this Deponent was coming away, to his best re-
membrance, the said Atkinson told him he had Paid  Twenty
Pounds a year, for both his Offices: And this Deponent further
saith, that having occasion to run the Bounds of a Piece of Land
he had bought in Portsmouth; he wrote to the said Mr. Paul
Dudley to procure the Governour's Order to the Sheriff, to accom-
pany the Persons Appointed to run the Line or Bounds between
this Deponent, and the Adjacent Freeholder, for fear of any
Disturbance, and he would be at the Charge thereof; but sent no
Money, and the said Paul Dudley sent this Deponent word that
DEPLORABLE STATE OF
it could not be done, or to that Purpose: And the next Post this
ordered his Friend in
nent by the next Post; and the Business was afterwards done in
three or four Hours time; and the Charge to the Officers and
Sheriff was not above the Sum of Twelve Shillings: And this
Deponent further saith, that upon the Fifth Day of August last,
some of the men belonging to Her Majesties Ship the Deptford,
then Riding In the River of Piscataqua; came on shore at
the Town of New-Caste, aforesaid, and took from thence by the
Captains Order as they said one Jethro Furber Master of the
Ship called the William and Richard; and forthwith set Sail and
Carried him to Boston, in another Province; where Captain
Stuckley Commander of the Deptford, and Captain Mathews
Commander of the Dover, entred a Complaint against the said
Furbur, in the Court of Admiralty at Boston, for Shipping two of
their Men: whereupon this Deponent wrote to Col. Dudley the
Governour, how that Captain Stuckley had Carried away the
Master of his Ship, Loaded with dry Fish, bound to Leghorn;
having cleared the Custom-House and obtained the Governours
Pass to the Fort, and earnestly desired Relief: And Inclosed to
the Governour a Protest against the said Stuckley, but sent no
Money either to the Governour, or his Son; neither could he
obtain any Relief; whereupon this Deponent took Horse and
went to Boston and applyed himself to the Governour, acquaint-
ing him, that the Fish on Board his Ship was a Perishing Co-
modity; and if any Water should come into the Ship the Cargo
would be utterly lost; for as soon as Captain Stuckley carried
away his Master, the rest of the Men run away from the said
Ship, into the Woods; And this Deponent was informed the said
Ship swung to and again, in the Tyde, and was like to Sink, and
could not get a Man on Board her: And this  Deponent
further informed the said Governour, that there was a great
Fleet of English and Dutch Men of War in the Straits, and if
his Master could Sail before they came out, his Ship would be
out of Danger of being taken, but if the Master was Detained, he
should Lose his Ship and Cargo: And that if the Master had
done anything Amiss he ought to be Tryed at Piscataqua, and
Governour; and thereupon went to the said Paul Dudley, the
Queens Advocate, of the Court of Admiralty, and Offered Ten.
Thousand Pounds Bond, with good security to Pay whatever the
Courts Sentence should be; Provided his Master and Ship might
go: But all in vain, and his Vessel was Detained above Three
Weeks, and when she came into the Straights, the Men of War
was come out Seven Days before the Arrived there, and after-
wards was taken, and further saith not.
54* A MEMORIAL OF THE PRESENT
Collonel Partridge's Affidavits,
WILLIAM PARTRIDGE of Portsmouth, in the Province
of New Hampshire, in New-England maketh Oath that
he doth believe that Joseph Dudley Esq; present Governour of
New England, did Countenance a Trade with the French and
Indian Enemies, and saith, that he the said Dudley did keep
Correspondence with one Gallen Emissary, a French Fryar or
Jesuit, that Lives among the Indians; and the said Dudley
owned to this Deponent, that he had a great Correspondence
with the Governour of Port-Royal. And this Deponent saith,
that Captain Vetch, and Captain Lawson often told this Deponent,
had acquainted the said
the Eastward, when they Traded with the French and Indians,
and that he Consented thereto; and that soon after they had so
Traded, the Indians came down and Killed Lieutenant John
Shapeley at the Town of
Swan-shot out of the Township of Hamptown; and Killed Nine;
one out of the
the latter end of June last Killed Six, and Wounded Two; and
carried away Two out of the Township of Almesbury; all which
Persons were Killed and taken in this Deponent's Neighbour-
hood, as this Deponent hath heard, and verily believes, being
informed so by those that were at most of their Funerals. And
this Deponent further saith, that there was not to his Knowledge,
any of the Indian Enemies Killed since the said Dudley was
Governour, except an Old Woman and two others, that seemed
by their Scalps to be Girls. And this Deponent further saith,
that the said Dudley told this Deponent Six Months before the
Invasion by the Indians, that when they came again they would
not come in any great Body, as they used to do, but not above
Thirty in a Company, and so Line the Woods from Dearfield to
Casko Bay, which is above a Hundred Miles, which Method the
said Indians did after take in their said Invasion; but how the
said Dudley came to know that they would so do, this Deponent
knoweth not; but saith, that the said Dud- [26 ] ley often told
this Deponent, that he could stop the Career of the French and
Indians when he pleased, in a Month or Six Weeks time
Jurat Vicessimo primo die Junij
Anno, 1707, Cor. me
DEPLORABLE STATE OF
Mr. Thomas Newton's Affidavit.
England for near Sixteen Years last past, and during that time
has been well acquainted with Collonel Joseph Dudley, the
present Governour of the Province of Massachsetts-Bay and
New Hampshire: And that since the said Collonel Dudley was
Governour there, this Deponent was credibly Infomed, that
several Persons having purchased Lands at Nashobah and Nip-
muck, within his Government, and wanting a Confirmation of
their Titles, by an Act of the General Court, (as is usual in such
Cases) they could not obtain the Governour's assent thereto,
without giving him Money, and part of their Lands. And this
Deponent further saith, that he being Deputed by William At-
wood Esq; to be Deputy Judge of the Court of Vice Admiralty,
as well as of the Collony of Rhode Island, as for the Provinces of
Massachusets-Bay, and New Hampshire, was prohibited by the
said Governour from going to Rhode Island, and Condemning
some Prizes brought in there, unless this Deponent would procure
the Governour One Hundred Pounds, and that his Son should
go Advocate thither; and threatned this Deponent to raise the
Posse Comitantus upon him, if he offered to proceed without
 his Order, or License under his Hand. And this Deponent
also further saith, That one Mr. Stephen Minot, having Built a
very Convenient House for a publick Inn or Tavern, upon a
place called the Neck, the Governour having a Tennant who
kept a Publick House near to it, Prohibited the Justice to grant
a License to the said Minot, tho' it was Requested by the Gen-
eral Assembly; but the said Minot could not obtain a License
for his House, until he complied with the Governour upon hard
Terms. And this Deponent moreover saith, that Sentence in
the Court of Vice-Admiralty being given by this Deponent for
a Saylor, against a Master of a Vessel for Wages, from which
the said Master appealed to the High Court of Admiralty in
Cases, Process was granted against the said Master, and the
Mareschal took him into Custody thereupon. Yet the Governour
abused the Officer, and discharged the said Master contrary to
Law, and by that means the Saylor lost his Wages, and his
Charges and Costs: And lastly, this Deponent saith, that the
people in New-England in general, are much dissatisfied with the
said Colonel Dudley, and would rejoyce to have him removed
from his Government; and further saith not.
56* A MEMORIAL OF THE PRESENT
Colonel Partridge's Certificate.
WHEREAS an Address from Her Majesties Assembly, in the
lately sent over, Praying Her Majesty's Continuance of Colonel
Dudley Governour of the said Province; Now the Truth and
Occasion of Procuring and sending the same, was thus:
" Coll. Dudley, who is not only Governour of New-Hampshire,
also of the Massachusets-Bay, and lives at
"from New-Hampshire, Wrote to some Principal Gentlemen, to
"Prevail with the Assembly of New-Hampshire, to Present an
"Address to Her Majesty for the Purpose aforesaid, and in Compli-
"ance with this Desire, and in Order to Prevai1 with the Assem-
"bly, the said Gentlemen Prepar'd an Address accordingly, and
"show'd it to the Assembly, who, in some time after, though with
"Difficulty and Reluctancy, were prevailed on to Sign the same,
"with little Alteration. The Chief,  and indeed the Only
"Inducement to which, was the Apprehension they were then under,
"that it was better for them to do anything that would Please the
"Governour; and that it was in his Power to Contribute much to
"the Advantage and Security, or to the Mischief and Prejudice
"of that Province; and not any Opinion they had of the Conduct
"and integrity of the said Dudley, who is generally Disliked and
"has given too much Reason and Occasion to Suspect his Regard
"to the Good and Welfare of those Places, especially when his own
stands in Competition, or a fair
"his Profit and Advantage.
All which is humbly Certified and Submitted.
[ 30] Thus far the Affidavits of the Illegal and Disloyal
Practices of our Governour. Can any Man that loves not a
French Interest, call those Trivial; or say, they are not worthy
of the severest Resentments? With what Face Men now a-days
can go about to Justify Crimes that have so near an affinity to
High Treason, is a wonder to me; and yet pretend at the same
time to be Loyal and True to their Country. Crimes of the
most pernicious Consequence to a State; and which among all
Nations have been Punish'd with the utmost seventy. The
Athenians; notwithstanding the Liberty they gave to some of
their Rulers, yet they appointed a Reckoning Day among them;
DEPLORABLE STATE OF NEW ENGLAND. 57*
so that those that thought themselves not accountable whilst in
Authority, found at last a very strict Account to be given to
certain Auditors, and a worser Punishment inflicted on them if
Criminal, than the abused Clemency of this Age can produce:
To do Justice and Right is the most invaluable Jewel in Magna
Charta; and a Blessing which no People in the World can boast
of, like those of the Brittish Nation. The New-Englanders are of
Tribe; have the same
erty in the Enjoyment of the many Legal Priviledges in that
Charter contained: They are not Slaves, as their conceited
Governour once told them; but have still a right Legally to
oppose his Pride and Covetousness; have still a Right to Petition
for a Better, that will not be Brib'd to do Evil; they have a
Right to tell the World, and that loudly, That for a Governour
to furnish the Enemy with Powder and Shot, &c. to destroy his
own Country-men, is a Wretch not only fit to be Discarded, but
to be for ever forgotten among Mankind.
The Cryes sent up to Heaven, by the many poor Souls lately
most inhumanely Butchered by the Merciless Indians, with our
own Instruments, have reached the Ears of the Almighty, and
will certainly draw down Redress from him, who is not only Rex
Magnus & Rez Solus, but Judex Supremus, who hath Imperium
sine Fine, as well as sine Limite, to whom we commit all that
hath been already said.
And now to Conclude all, (that our Readers may have a just
Sense of the unaccountable Cruelties acted by the Indians, upon
our English in New-England) we shall present them with the
following Particulars, lately sent over to us by a very great and
of several Barbarities lately committed by the
ians in New-England; Intermix'd with some Memorable
ASTONISHING Deliverances have been sent from Heaven,
to many of our Captives. They have been many a time
upon the Point of destruction; but, These poor ones have Cryed
unto the Lord, and He has Remarkably delivered them.
'Tis a Wonderful Restraint from God upon the Bruitish Sal-
vages, that no English Woman was ever known to have any
Violence offered unto her Chastity, by any of them:
58* A MEMORIAL OF THE PRESENT
'Tis wonderful, that no more of the
Captives have been
dered by them, neither when they were Drunk nor when the
Caprichio's, and the Cruelties of their Diabolical Natures were
to be Gratified.
'Tis Wonderful, that when many of the Captives have been
just going to be Sacrificed, some strange Interposition of the
their being made a Sacrifice. The Stories are numberless. T
ake a few of them.
 A Crue of Indians had been three Days without any man-
ner of Sustenance. They took an English Child, and hung it be-
fore the Fire to Roast it for their Supper; but that these Canibals
might Satiate their -- I want a Name for it, -- as well as
their Hunger, they would Roast it Alive. The Child began to
Swell. A Cannow arrived at that Instant, with a Dog in it.
The lesser Devils of the Crue, proposed their taking the Dog
instead of the Child; they did so, and the Child is yet Living!
Her Name is Hannah Parsons.
A Man had Valiantly Killed an Indian or two before the Sal-
vages took him. He was next Morning to undergo an horrible
Death, whereof the Manner and the Torture was to be assigned
by the Widow Squa of the Dead Indian. The French Priests
told him, they had indeavoured to divert the Tygres from ther
bloody Intention, but could not prevail with them; he must pre-
pare for the terrible Execution. His cries to God were hard,
and heard; when the Sentence of the Squa, was demanded,
quite contrary to every ones Expectation, and the Revengeful
Inclination so usual and well-known among these Creatures, she
only said, His Death won't fetch my Husband to Life,. Do nothing
to him! So nothing was done to him.
A Woman was carried aside, by her Monster of a Master; he
fastened a Rope about her Neck; it was in vain for her to; con-
tend, the Hatchet must presently have dispatched her, if the
Halter had failed; she had no Remedy but to Cry unto God:
Her Master throws up the end of the Rope over a Limb of a
Tree; he ascends to hale her and tye her up; and then a fine
Exploit for the Wretch! a memorable Name! However the
Limb happily breaks down he falls; full of madness he goes to
repeat his brave action: An Indian Commander just in the Nick
of Time comes in upon him; Reproaches him very bitterly;
away from him; and sends her to
But we ought not to pass over the marvellous Display of the
Power of God, in supporting and preserving the poor Captives
DEPLORABLE STATE OF
when they Travelled thro' the horrid Wilderness, oftentimes
much more than a score of Miles in a day, and thro' very deep
Snows;  and with vast Loads on their Backs, and griev-
ously pinched with Hunger, having scarce one bit of any Refresh-
ment, for whole days together. Poor, Weak, sick Women have
One cannot well imagine any other than Supernatural and
Angelical assistances, in some of the instances.
The Indians came upon the House of one
and Captivated the Man and his Wife, and assassinated the chil-
dren; whereof one who had an Hatchet struck into his Skull,
and was left for dead, was strangely recovered. The Woman
had Lain in about Eight Days. They drag'd her out, and tied
her to a Post, until the House was rifled. They then loosed her,
and bid her walk. She could not stir. By the help of a Stick
she got half a step forward. She look'd up to God. On the
sudden a new strength entred into her. She travelled that very
Day Twenty Miles a Foot: She was up to the Neck in Water
six times that very Day in passing of Rivers. At night she fell
and ears, into a
got out alive. She got not the least Cough nor Cold by all this:
She is come home alive unto us.
Many more such Instances might be mentioned. We will
supersede them all, with a Relation of what befel Mrs. Bradley
of Haverly. Ab una Disce omnes.
This Vertuous Woman had been formerly for Two Years
together a Captive in the Hands of the Barbarous Indians; a
subject of wondrous Afflictions, of Wondrous Deliverances.
Her Husband at length found her out, and fetch'd her home, and
their Family went on happily for six years together after it. But
the Clouds return after the Rain.
On February 6, 1703-4, She with her Sister, and a Maid or
two, and some Children, (a Man being also in the Room) were
talking about the Indians, and behold, one of the Fierce Tawnies
a looked in, with a Gun ready to Fire upon them. The English-
man pull'd him in, and got him down, and Mrs. Bradly took the
opportunity to pour a good quantity of scalding Soap, (which
was then boyling over the Fire) upon him, whereby he was kill'd
immediately. Another of the Tawnies follow'd at the Heels of
his  Brother, who stabb'd the Englishman to the Heart.
Unto him she dispenfed also a quantity of her Sope, which not
killing him, she with the other Women and Children ran into the
Chamber. The House was fired by the Indians, and Mrs. Bradly
with her Companions found it necessary to retire behind the
60* A MEMORIAL OF THE PRESENT
House. One of the Women fell into the Hands of the Indians;
and they that remained were Mrs. Bradly and her Sister; each
of them having a Child of Mrs. Bradlies with her. The Sister
was discerned by the Indians, who commanded her to come out
unto them, and threatned that they would else cut her to pieces.
Mrs. Bradly very generously bid her sit still, and wait for a better
time to escape; and offered her, that inasmuch as the Indians
knew of but one there, she would be that one, and go out in her
stead. She did so, and thereby her obliged Sister and the Child
with her were preserved; but Mrs. Bradly was no sooner come
to the Salvages, but they employ'd a Head-breaker on the Child
that she brought unto them.
She was not entred into a Second Captivity; but she had the
great Encumbrance of being Big with Child, and within Six
Weeks of her Time! After about an Hours Rest, wherein they
made her put on Snow Shoes, which to manage, requires more
than ordinary agility, she travelled with her Tawny Guardians all
that night, and the next day until Ten a Clock, associated with
one Woman more who had been brought to Bed but just one
Week before: Here they Refreshed themselves a little, and then
travelled on till Night; when they had no Refreshment given
them, nor had they any, till after their having Travelled all the
Forenoon of the day Ensuing; and then too, whatever she took,
she did thro' Sickness throw it up again.
She underwent incredible Hardships and Famine: A Mooses
Hide, as tough as you may Suppose it, was the best and most of
her Diet. In one and twenty days they came to their Head-
Quarters, where they stayed a Fortnight. But then her Snow-
shoes were taken from her; and yet she must go every step above
the Knee in Snow, with such weariness, that her Soul often
Pray'd, That the Lord would put an end unto her weary Life!
until they came to another Place, where they stay'd for three
[ 35 ] Here in the Night, she found herself ill, and having the
help of only one Woman, who got a little Hemlock to lay about
her, and with a few sticks made shift to blow up a little Fire, she
was in half an Hour Delivered of the Infant, that she had
hitherto gone withal. There she lay till the next Night, with
none but the Snow under her, and the Heaven over her; in a
misty and rainy season. She sent then unto a French Priest,
that he would speak unto her Squa Mistress, who then, without
condescending to look upon her, allow'd her a little Birch-Rind,
to cover her Head from the Injuries of the Weather, and a little
bit of dried Moose, which being boiled, she drunk the Broth, and
gave it unto the Child.
DEPLORABLE STATE OF NEW ENGLAND. 61*
In a Fortnight she was called upon to Travel again, with her
Child in her Arms: every now and then, a whole day together,
without the least Morsel of any Food, and when she had any, she
fed only on Ground-nuts and Wild-onions, and Lilly-roots. By the
last of May, they arrived at Cowesick, where they Planted their
Corn; wherein she was put unto a hard Task, so that the Child
extreamly Suffered. The Salvages would sometimes also please
themselves, with casting hot Embers into the Mouth of the
Child, which would render the Mouth so sore, that it could not
Suck for a long while together. So that it Starv'd and Dy'd.
There they staid until they Wed their Corn, but then some of
our Friend-Indians coming on them, kill'd Seven of them, whereat
more. But they made a Forty-Days Ramble of it, before they
reach'd thither, in which, if at any time, her Heart began to
faint, her Mistress would be ready to strike the Mortal Hatchet
into her Head.
 The French being thought more Civil to the English than to
the Indians, her Mistress thereat Provoked, resolved, that she would
never Sell her to the French. AccordIng she kept her a Twelve-
month with her, in her Squalid Wigwam. Where, in the following
Winter, she fell sick of a Feavour; but in the very heighth and
heat of her Paroxysms, her Mistress would compel her sometimes
to Spend a Winters-night, which is there a very bitter one, abroad
in all the bitter Frost and Snow of the Climate. She recovered;
but Four Indians died of the Feavour, and at length her Mistress
also. Another Squa then pretended an Heirship unto her, with
whom she lived, and saw many more strange Deliverances. They
had the Small Pox m the Family; but she never had it. She
was made to pass the River on the Ice, when every step she took,
she might have struck through it if she pleased. Many more
such Preservations might come into her Story.
At Last, there came to the sight of her a Priest from Quebeck,
who had known her in her former Captivity at Naridgowock.
He was very Civil to Her, and made the Indians Sell her to a
French Family, for Fourscore Livers, where tho' she wrought
hard, she Lived more comfortablyand contented.
She poured out her continual Supplications to Heaven; Some-
times Two or Three of her own Sex, would by Stealth, come to
joyn with her in Supplications to the Glorious LORD. She had
her Mind often Irradiated with Strong Perswasions and Assur-
ances, that she should yet See the Goodness of God, in this Land
of the Living. Her tender and Loving Husband, accompanied
Mr. Sheldon, in his Last Expedition. He found her out, and
fetch'd her home, a Second time; She arriv'd with those of the
62* A MEMORIAL OF THE PRESENT
Last Return from the Captivity; and affectionately calls upon
her Friends, O magnifie the LORD with me, and let us Exalt
his Name together.
 Because of its having some Affinity with the foregoing
Relations, and that we may at once discharge ourselves of what
we can relate concerning our Captives, we will proceed with a
Coppy of a
Letter sent unto one of the Ministers in
A Letter from a Captive at Port-Royal.
Sept. 18. 1703.
'THE Occasion of my now writing to you is because I lye
'under a Vow and Promise to the Great and Almighty
'God, to declare and make known his Wonderful Goodness and
'Mercy to me, and likewise to have His Name Blessed and
'Praised in your Congregation on my Behalf. I shall briefly
'Being taken a Prisoner sometime last January by the French:
'in going to Port-Royal we met with very Tempestuous Weather,
fast in an Harbour near
'Frenchmen had Orders from their Captain to take me with
'them, and go to Port-Royal by Land. They took with them
'but little Bread; and we Travelled one Night in the Woods in
'a miserable Condition. I had myself no Shoes or Stockings,
'but a piece of Skin wrapt about my Feet; and the Snow being
'very deep, we could not Travel, being Weak for want of Pro-
'vision, and lost in the Woods, not knowing which way to go.
[ 39 ] ' One of the Frenchmen Loaded his Gun, and Presented
'at me, telling me, That it was impossible to find Port-Royal, I
'must Dye, and they must Eat me. Then I begged Leave to
'Pray unto God, before he Kill'd me, and he Granted it. As I
'was at Prayer, it struck into my Mind, That I had formerly
'heard yourself declare in your Pulpit, what Great and Wonder-
'ful Things hath been done by Prayer; particularly, That it had
'stopped the Mouths of Lions, and that it had Quenched the Vio-
DEPLORABLE STATE OF
'lence of the Fire. So I earnestly begged of God, that he would
'manifest his great Power to me, by turning the Hearts of those
'that were about to take away my Life.
' The Words were no sooner out of my Mouth, but the French-
'man seeming to have Tears in his Eyes, bid me rise up; he
'would try one Day longer. And he bid me go and get Wood for
a Fire. It presently grew Dark; and then I made an Escape
'from them, and hid myself in the Woods, until the next Day
'that they were gone; and then I found the way out of the
'Woods, unto the Water-side, where I got Clams.
'These French-men found the way to Port-royal, and there
told what they had done. The Governour put them in Prison,
'and rent out Two Men, and Charged them not to return, until
'they had found me, Dead or Alive. In Four Days after these
'Frenchmen left me, they found me Alive, and brought me Pro-
vision, and a Pair of Shoes, and carried-me to Port-royal.
[ 40 ] ' These and many other Favours have I received from
'my Good God in the time of my Imprisonment; Blessed and
for ever Praised be his Holy Name for it. Pray, Sit, give me
Directions what I shall do for the Great and Good GOD.
OUR Eastern Indians had no sooner, with all possible Assur-
ance renewed their League of Peace with us, but being
moved by the Instigation of the French, they Persidiously and
Barbarously Surprised Seven more of our naked and secure Plan-
tations; and coming at once into the scattered Families, they did,
on August 10-11, 1703: Reward the Hospitable Civilities that
were shown them, with the Murder of above Seventy English
People, and the Captivity of near an Hundred. Upon this there
Ensued Lesser Depredations, and Captivations, as the Treacher-
About half a year after there Calamities thus begun on the
Eastern Parts of the Country, the Western had a taste of the same
Cup given to them. On Feb. 29, 1703- 4. An Army consisting,
as it was judg'd, of about 400 French and Indians, made a Descent
little town of
ment on Connecticut-River, which had long been a watchful and
64* DEPLORABLE STATE
an useful Barrier for the rest of the Plantations in the Neigh-
They Surprised the Place about an Hour or Two before Break
of Day, and in a little time, not without Loss to themselves,
Butchered and Captivated above 150 of the People.
Mr. John Williams, the Worthy Minister of that Pious and
Holy Flock, was carried into Captivity, with Five of his Chil-
dren; two of which were Slain; and his Desirable Consort
beginning to Faint at about a Dozen Miles of the doleful Jour-
ney, they there, like themselves, cruelly Murdered her, and left
her for the Funeral which her Friends afterwards bestow'd on
her. Before they reach'd unto Mont Real, a Journey dispatch'd
by the Parcels now divided in Twenty Days, more or less, near
Twenty more of-the Captives lost their Lives; for the manner
was, that if any found themselves not able to Travel thro' the
Deep Snows now on the Ground, the Salvages would strike their
Hatchets into their Heads, and there leave them weltring in
Grounds and Occafions of a Late
P A M P H L E T,
IN TITULED, A
Present Deplorable State
By a Disinterested Hand.
Printed in the Year, 1707.
[ I ]
A Modest Enquiry into the Grounds, &c.
A Pamphlet call'd, The Memorial of the Present Deplorable
State of NEW England, having been received in Town
with various Opinions, according to the different Inter-
ests, or capacities of its Readers; Curiosity led me to
look into it: And first beginning with the Title-Page,* I find it
made up (as the Author calls it) of several Original Papers Let-
ters and Manuscripts, Printed in the year MDCCVII, and Sold
by S. Philips &c. Booksellers in
appear'd in Town about the Tenth of July last: upon which
finding Mr Cally's ! Affidavit was made the second of June l707
Mr Partridge's on the Twenty-first of the same Month and Year
(both which are there Printed) and having seen this Memorial
about the middle of July following, which does not give a
Months time for the sending it to NEW ENGLAND, Printing
it there, and returning it again,) I could not help concluding,
that no manner of credit ought to be given to it, upon the single
reputation of the Author. However to act impartially, I begin
with his first Page, extolling the former happy state of the Prov-
ince in the Charter they enjoy'd before the Revolution : + which
sufficiently shews how they regard the Charter they now have;
and consequently what an Opinion they retain not only of that
Power that took from them their Old Charter, but also of K.
William, who was too wise, to return them their Idol, which he
knew had been often affrontingly us'd in preceding Reigns. I
know not what the Author means by the unhappy, or rather
happy reign of the late K. J. so will leave it to be explain'd by
himself as it shall hereafter serve his turn. §
NOW comes a heavy Charge against the late Governour Sir
Edmond Andross, made up of falsity and nonsence; these are his
words, We shall not recriminate here the mismanagement of the
then Governour Sir Edmond Andross, since that Gentleman is
NOW in a future state. || Which obliges me to give a short
account of the Revolution in NEW ENGLAND.
The first account of the Revolution in ENGLAND, came to
NEW ENGLAND by Merchants Letters from Barbadoes; upon
which the People (without any regard to Authority) confin'd the
Governour Sir E. Andros, and Col. Dudley the present Govern-
our; and would by no means listen to the wholesome advice that
was given  by the Governour, to maintain the Peace of the
* Title-Page. ! Pag. 16. Pag. 25. + Pag. I. Lin. 2.
§ Pag. I. Lin. 13. || Pag. 2. Lin. I.
68* A MODEST ENQUIRY, ETC.
Province; and let all things remain upon the fame foot they were,
till they had a more authentick account, and also Orders from
England; to which the Governour declar'd himself most willing
to conform. These just Arguments could not prevail, they had
got the Government into their own hands; they had formerly
been told by Hugh Peters, and some such Pastors, that Dominion
is founded in Grace; and knowing themselves to be the elect
people of God, they resolved to perfect what they had began;
so over these two Gentlemen are sent Prisoners, who upon a full
hearing before His .Majesty K. WILLIAM in Councel (to the
mortification of their Accusers) are Honourably acquited. In
consideration of whose faithful Services, and severe Usage, Sir
E. Andross was made by K. WILLIAM Governour of Virginia,
&c, and Col. Dudley Lieutenant-Governour of the Isle of Wight
since which Her present Majesty as a Demonstration of the same
good opinion of Col. Dudley was pleas'd to let his Commission
for Governour of New-England, be one of the first Acts of her
Reign; and also very lately to constitute Sir E. Andross's Lieu-
tenant-Governour of Guernsey; Happy in Her Majesty's Favour
and good Esteem of him; Honour'd by the Inhabitants of the
Island, who wonderfully admire Her Majesties Choice; and blest
with a considerable Estate, the due reward of his long Ser-vice
and Merit; this is Sir Edmond Andross's present state, his NOW
future state is to me incomprehensible.
The Legend of Accusations that make up almost two Pages,
and are laid down with so much Acrimony against the present
Governour's proceedings, when President of the Council of New
when Urged before Her Majesty in Council; I shall only make
this remark that K. William the Restorer of our Liberties, would
never have distinguish'd this Gentleman by his Favours, had not
his Innocency been clearly prov'd, not only from his Accusation at
the beginning of the Revolution, but also from the Memorial de-
liver'd in against him by Sir H. A. when K. William had ap-
pointed him Governour of New England, which Memorial as it
put the Governour to a large Expense, it was also attended with
the happiness of her Present Majesty's giving her Sanction, to
what K. William so Judiciously began.
THUS have I done with the Preamble, and am now come to
the Memorial it self, drawn up in Nine Articles, each of which I
in-  tend to speak to separately; but can't do it in any regu-
lar method; part of some Articles being necessary to explain
others. Therefore I have incerted it Verbatim, that the Reader
comparing the Answer with the Memorial, may be better able to
judge of the Validity of the Accusation.
A MODEST ENQUIRY, ETC. 69*
" FIRST in the year 1705, the Governour sent his Son Wil-
Captain Vetch, to
" tence of Redeeming Captives; but brought very few back to
" leaving the Principal of the said Captives behind, to give them
" occasion of going again, that they might have a Pretence to
" colour their Treacherous Design of Trading, as appears by the
" said Vetch's acknowledgment of going to settle a Correspondence
" with the Enemy, and carrying a Cargo out with him of 800 l.
" which according to their disposal; might amount to near 3000 l.
" as particularly Shot, which was sold at 13 Sous per Pound;
" whereof they carried a considerable Quantity; also Rigging,
" Pitch, Iron and other Necessaries, fit for supplying the Indians
" and French; and this done under a Colour of the said Vetch's
" going to get in a Debt due to him from the French of 800 l.
" with the Governour's Approbation.
Secondly. "For setling a Correspondency with the French
" Governour at Port Royal, for Exchange of Prisoners; whereas
" it was indeed only a Cover for an Illegal Trade; when at the
" same time the French there, were drove to such extream Hard-
" ships, for want of Ammunition, Provision, &c, that most of their
" Principal People, were forced to go out a Privateering on our
" Coasts, who were afterwards taken and brought into BOSTON;
" particularly one Battis, a Man of great Note and Service among
" the Enemy, who had been a Barbarous, Murdering Fellow to
" the English. He with all the other French Prisoners were sent
" to Canada and Port-Royal, and Discharged; but great part of
" our People that were Prisoners, were left behind at the same
" time, and that because our Governour had been false in his
" promise to the French Governour, who had restrain'd the In-
"dians from disturbing our Fishery, and indeed  would not
" allow them any Ammunition for a considerable time, till our
" Governour taking the opportunity of the Indians, great Want,
" countenanced a Trade with them, and supply'd them by the
" Vessels that were rent as Transports (as aforesaid) to fetch
" Prisoners; when at the same time they were made Vessels of
" Merchandize, as appears by the Indian Traders on their Trial.
Thirdly. "The Country are at a Vast Charge, in maintaining
" an Army yearly, to march several Hundred Miles up into the
" Country, to destroy the Indians Corn, the better to disinable
" them to subsist; for they have been so reduced (as by Informa-
70* A MODEST ENQUIRY, ETC.
" tion of the Captives) that a great part of them would perish
" for want, were it not for the supply they had from the said
" Indian Traders; who particularly, sold about Eight Quarts of
" Indian Corn, for one large Beaver-skin; which Trade has been
" all along countenanced by the Governour, which sufficiently
" appears by his being always unwilling the Prisoners taken in
" that Trade should be Fined, or Punished, even owned by Vetch,
" as in his Petition more at large is fet forth.
Fourthly. " The Country was at a great Expense in Erecting
" a Fortification at Casco-Bay, and maintaining a number of Sol-
" diers for securing the same, thereby to suppress the Enemy, and
" keep sure Footing in that part of the Country; and the Gov-
" ernour through some design or neglect, did suffer those Soldiers
" to remain there without any Commission-Officer, to the great
" dissatisfaction and dread to the Soldiers; Insomuch that they
" declared to Captain Cally (a Member of the Assembly at Boston)
" that when the Enemy came upon them, they would surrender
" the Fort, and dare not resist for want of a Commission. Then
" Captain Cally made Application to the Assembly, which he
" found fitting when he came to Boston, and they represented to
" the Governour, that speedy care might be taken, that some
" Person might be Commissionated to Command that Fort, which
" with a great deal of difficulty was at last Obtained.
Fifthly. "And further as to the Governour's Countenancing
" this Private and Illegal Trade, the Country has been at vast
" Expence, occasion'd thereby; insomuch that at one Sessions the
" last Summer the Assembly were forc'd to raise 33000 Pounds,
" for supporting, and maintaining the Charge they were put to,
" by the Enemy's Invasions, after they had a Supply; that
" whereas if things  were rightly managed, and the Enemy
" kept back for want of those Supplys, one third part of the said
" Sum might have answered the End. The Indians that were
" supply'd by Those Traders, are the only People that destroy'd
" our Eastern parts, the Fishery, and the Coast of Accady, and
" also the very same that were at destroying of Newfound-land,
" particularly one Escombuet, a Principal Commander among them,
" who is generally one that Heads the Indians, when they come
" to Destroy the English in New England.
Sixthly. "The Governour with his Son Paul, not being con-
" tent with what Money they come fairly by, and over-greedy of
" Gain, are very Screwing and Exacting upon the People, par-
" ticularly upon sundry Inhabitants, taking away their Priviledge
" in catching of Whales a Priviledge they have enjoy many
" Years before; that is (under the pretence of Drift-Fish;) what
" Whales are taken by Her Majesty's Subjects, he takes from
A MODEST ENQUIRY, ETC. 71*
"them by Force, not giving them the liberty of a Trial at Com-
" mon Law, but for his own Ends decides the matter in the
" Admiralty, where his Son Paul is the Queen's Attorny and
" Advocate, thereby Encroaching the whole to themselves, a
" thing never heard of before, and very much to the Prejudice
" of Her Majesty's good Subjects there, and that without
Seventhly. " As to the Address the Governour obtain'd, pre-
" tended to come over from the General Assembly at Boston in
" his favour, for his Continuance, it was no more than what he
" Clandestinely procured, by sending to his Particular Friends;
" such who being either Related to him, or bore Commissions
" under, him, dare not deny his Request, and was never approved
" nor allowed of by the Assembly; but on the contrary had not
" the Majority of the Country waited in expectation of her
" Majesty's favour, in sending another Governour, they would
" largely have signify'd their Resentments and Dissatisfaction, in
" the Administration of Dudley's Government.
Eighthly. " While the Great and General Assembly at Boston
" were Sitting, there arrived a Flag of Truce from Canada, with
" a haughty demand of the Governour, for all the French Prison-
" ers; charging of him with breach of Promise, which was the
" occasion of the French Governours not sending several of the
" Prisoners, particularly a Minister that was taken Captive at
" Derefield, detain'd  by the French, who might have been
" discharg'd with sundry others.
Ninthly. "The Lower House mistrusting the French Flag of
" Truce coming upon a Trading Design, as well as for the Prison-
" ers, order the Flag of Truce to be diligently searched, who
" found on Board their Vessel sundry New Arms and Ammuni-
" tion hid in private places, particularly New Bullets hid among
" Pease, and yet denied by the Commander, who was an English
" Renegade, which Ammunition being brought before the Assem-
" bly, were generally concluded to be Bought in Boston, where-
" upon the Governour interposing, the matter was hushed up and
" conniv'd at, to the great dissatisfaction of the Assembly and
" Country in General.
The First and Second Articles are mostly concerning the affair
of the private Trade, which shall not be medled with by me, it
lying at present before Her Majesty undetermin'd; but if any
Persons are curious to know that matter, I presume that Mr
Phips Agent for that Country will fully satisfie them, if they are
not perversely bent against whatever makes out the Governour's
Innocency. The Gentlemen that carried on that Trade, was so
72* A MODEST ENQUIRY, ETC.
far from finding, any Favour from the Governour, (which they
might have assur'd themselves of, if he had had any concern with
them) that the Extremity of the Laws of New England were put
in force against them, and a heavy Sentence passed upon them,
from which Sentence they Appeal'd to Her Majesty, who refer'd
them to the Lords Commissioners for Trade, where the cause was
argued in the behalf of the Petitioners, by that Learned and Ju-
dicious Lawyer, Mr West so much to the satisfaction of the Lords
Commissioners, that a Report was made in their favour. Upon
which Her Majesty in Councel, was graciously pleas'd to order all
the Acts and Proceedings against them to be Repeal'd, and de-
clar'd null and void.
The Third Article Deplores the miserable state of the Country
in the vast Charge they are at by defending themselves against
the Indians. Much can't be said upon this occasion, for as War
in all Countries is attended with Expense, it is not to be expected
New England can be wholly exempted from it, but whoever will
consider the largeness of the Country to be defended, (the Fron-
tier being more than 200 Miles) and the number of the Enemys
to encounter with, must admire the Excellency of the Governours
Administration; that so much is done with so little Expence,
either of Blood or Treasure.
 The Fortifications at
Article was repair'd and made Tenable by the present Governour,
who took care to keep a good Garrison in it, for the Defence of
the Country on that side; formerly Coll. March afterwards Capt.
Moody commanding in it. How it came to be without a Com-
mission Officer, or whether it was; so (as this Gentleman complains)
I can't find upon the strictest enquiry, neither am I obliged to
believe it; but admitting it; several occasions, as marching out
with a Detachment, or the like, are not only Justifiable but
necessary. The Summ of this heavy Charge is, that upon the
first notice that an Officer was wanting, the Governour sent one,
and the Fort is still in the possession of the Government. Either
the Garrison (admitting they had no Commission Officer) must be
ignorant of Military Discipline, or inclin'd to Mutiny; otherwise
they ought to have submitted to the command of a Serjeant,
whose Halberd was a sufficient Authority for such a Command
upon any Emergency.
The Fifth Article tells you the Summ that was given last Year
for supporting the Expenses of the War &c, which the Third
Article makes very heavy, but does not name. And here it is
done so obliquely, that the Author would endeavour to insinuate,
as though the Summ of 33000 l. was raised more than once last
Year; which if it had been, he would have told you in plain
A MODEST ENQUIRY, ETC. 73*
words. If I will believe that so much was given as above men-
tion'd, 'tis intirely upon the reputation of the Author, who in
some cases ought to produce Testimonials. But admitting it;
consider what is to be done with it, and the Wonder will be on
the other side. 33000 l. New England Money, deducting the
Discount, is reduced to less than 22000 l. Sterling. Any Man
that considers the pay of the Army which consists of 1900 Men;
Maintaining the Garrisons, Providing Magazeens, The constant
Charge of the Province Gally, The accidental occasions of hiring
Transport Ships, together with the other Incidentals that must
necessarely accrue; will rather admire how so small a Summ could
answer such large and expensive Occasions. I am fearful the
Governour whose Sallery comes also out of the above mentioned
Summ, is able to speak fealingly of the frugality of the Country.
If less Summs had done under preceeding Governours in time
of War, our Author would not have fail'd letting the World know
it. I acknowledge some damage has been formerly done in the
Eastern Parts of New England by the Indians, and that Escom-
buet did command those Indians, who in conjunction with the
 French made the Descent upon Newfound-Land, and be it
also remembr'd to the Honour of the Governour, that this very
Escombuet upon his drawing off from the Fort at Newfound-Land,
released several English Captives, upon promise that all endeav-
ours should be us'd at the British Court, for removing Coll.
Dudley from the Government of New England. That an Indian
who is a profess'd Enemy to the English American Settlements,
and these Gentlemen, should Joyntly endeavour the removal of the
Governour, is worth observing, I shall only make this remark on
it, that as Escombuet used formerly to make those Devastations in
New England, which by the Wisdom and Vigilance of the Gover-
nour are now Prevented, so these Gentlemen (he being kept at a
distance) are less capable to carryon any affairs with him, if they
are so inclined.
The Sixth Article contains a very Grevious Accusation against
the Governour and his Son, and if the Facts were true, might
demand Justice, but as it is, it serves only to demonstrate the
Innocency of the Governour, and the Malice of the Accusers.
They say he Decides the Priviledge of Whale Fishing, claim'd by
the People, and yet that it is Decided in the Admiralty; when all
the World must know, that the Governour if he has any Interest
in any of the Courts of Justice, it must be in the Common Law
Courts, and not in the Admiralty, where the Judge has an Inde-
pendant Commission from England, and no manner dependency
upon the Governour. As for Mr. Paul Dudley's being Advocate,
let Coll. B--ld the Judge clear himself if he be any ways byass'd
thereby. But it must be allowed far more probable, that the same
Mr. Paul Dudley, as the Queen's Attorney General, and the de-
74* A MODEST ENQUIRY, ETC.
pendance of the Courts upon the Governor, could much better
Byass any other Court than that; so that nothing can better
demonstrate the Governours innocency, than bringing forth
Groundless matters in charge against him. If any Encroach-
ments have been made upon the People by the Court of Admi-
ralty, let the Judge answer it; but whether it be so or not this
Article (as the others) is an abuse upon the Governour.
How it hapened that no Address from the General Assembly
at Boston was presented to Her Majesty, by the return of the last
Fleet I know not; but am certain that the Honourable the As-
sembly are little beholden to this Author for the Reasons by him
given in the Seventh Article, so many occasions calling for one;
as Congratulating Her Majesty upon the Great and Glorious
 Successes of the preceding Year, a Gratefull tender of their
Allegiance and Duty to Her Majesty, &c. which makes me con-
clude that some Occasions have interven'd, betides what this
Memorialist has given. 'Tis wonderful that this Honourable
Body are full of Resentments, and Dissatisfaction in the Admin-
istration of Coll. Dudley, and yet not write one word of Complaint
against him, and the Reason that is given is yet more remark-
able, Viz. They expected Her Majesty would send another. If the
Governour's Administration is or has been oppressive, the Assem-
bly are Deficient in their Duty to Her Majesty, in not making
their Complaints, as on the contrary to the Governour, in not
giving him his due praise if merited. The four Addreisses an-
nex'd to this, as they recommend the Governour to Her Majesty,
worthy the Station She has been pleas'd to Honour him with,
and unanimously beg Her Gracious Continuance of him, so I
must conclude the delay of an Address from the Assembly, has
not been thus long retarded by any dissatisfaction to the Gov-
ernour, but however will not take upon me to be their Advocate
for such a surprising omission. Having no manner of reason to
suspect that the Honourable Assembly have less regard for the
Governour now, than they had when they presented their last
Address to Her Majesty, I have also annexed that with the
As to the Eighth Article; upon the coming of the Flag of
Truce, there was a general Exchange of Prisoners, when unhap-
pily five or Six Children were got amongst the more distant In-
dians, so could not be exchang'd so early as the others, but were
included in the Article. The Minister taken at Derefield was
the Reverend Mr Williams, who also was exchang'd at the same
time with the other Prisoners, but by a Particular Agreement,
which obliges me to explain the Story of Battis mention'd in the
Second Article. This Man after he was taken Prisoner, was
accused of several Murders, but no sufficient proof being made
A MODEST ENQUIRY, ETC. 75*
out against him, he remained a Prisoner of War; the Governour
who knew him to be an acceptable Leader amongst the Indians,
not being willing to part with him though often demanded; till
understanding that the Reverend Mr Williams could have his
Enlargement upon no other terms; the Governour in respect to
Mr Williams submitted to it. This Author that accuses the
Governour, for discharging Battis, and at the same time deplores
the hard Fate of Mr Williams's Captivity, could not be ignorant
of the Return of Mr Williams, as well as of Mr Battis's Dis-
[ 10] The Ninth Article as it commends the Vigilancy of the
Assembly, so it no ways concerns the Governour, but because
the Reader may think the Arms and New Bullets that were
found in the French Ship of Truce, were sufficient to Arm the
whole French Settlement, take the account as it is. Upon a
Suspition that some Clandestine Trade was managed by this
Truce Ship, the Assembly Deputed some of their Own Body to
search the Ship, who found in it Five Fuzee's, which they brought
with them, and fifteen Pounds of Small-shot; enough to shoot a
few Sea Fowle in their return, (as indeed that was the true mean-
ing) but not to annoy an Enemy, or defend themselves. The
Governour's interposing and getting the matter hush'd up to the
dissatisfaction of the Assembly, and Country in general, as this
Memorialist says, is trifling, and needs no other Reply but
I would willingly have omitted reciting any other parts of this
Pamphlet, the Author having, as he says, including in the Pre-
ceeding Nine Articles, all the * Modern Mismanagements of the
Governour, and also the Particular Grievances that afflict the
Province: But a little afterwards he tells you that out of the
! Vaste number of Letters of Complaints that are come over
against the Governour, the TWO that he has Publish'd are Emi-
nently distinguishable; the first for the + Character of the Gen-
tleman that writ it, who is a Great Blessing to his Native Country.
The other for the || Shortness, Plainness, and Veracity. There-
fore I rather submit to let them have a place here, than leave it
to any Prejudiced Person to say that Partiality Curtail'd such
* Pag. 3. Lin. 19. + P. 10. Lin, 19.
! P. 10. Lin. 24. || P.10. Lin. 26.
76* A MODEST ENQUIRY, ETC.
Boston. New England, Octob. 2d, 1706.
IN AS MUCH as you have expected from me, a true and brief
Representation of several Matters relating to this Provence, I
shall with all possible faithfulness endeavour it. Our present
Governour is not without a number of those whom he has by Pro-
motions and Flateries made his Friends; but this hinders not a
much more cosiderable Number, from wishing that we had a
Governour who would put [II] an end unto the horrid Reign
of Bribery zon our Administration, and who would not infinitely
incommode her Majesty's Service, by keeping the People in con-
tinual jealousies of his Plots upon their most Valuable Interests.
What the disposition of the People towards him is, you may
guest by this. There was lately prepar'd an Address from hence
to the Queen, upon many Important Articles, but by certain Arts
there was got into it a Clause, to desire of the Queen, that this
Governour might be continued; the Representatives Voted all the
rest of the Address, but this Clause was absolutely rejected; they
could not get above five or siz Votes for it, so the whole Address
(which was Contrived by a Party for nothing but that Clause) fell
to the Ground.
There happened lately a Number of Persons, namely, Bouland,
Vetch, Rouse, Lawson, Philips, and Cauplin, to be taken managing
an unlawful Trade with the French and Indians, the Commodi-
ties wherein they Traded were such, that the Act of Parliament
made their Crime to be High Treason; and we had no Act of the
Province relating to that Matter, but was defectively exprest
Our Merciful Assembly was mighty loath to proceed unto so severe
a Judgment as that of Death upon these Offenders. The Offen-
ders Petitioning for it, the General Assembly were (very much by
the Governour's Influence) drawn into it, to take the Tryal of them
into their own hands; and as only Guilty of an High Misde-
meanour, the Vote for it was obtain'd in a Thin House, upon a
hurry at Breaking up, and some Clauses in the Charter were so
construed as to Countenance it. Upon their coming together again,
they would fain have revoked their Votes, as fearing that the
very Persons who had been their Tempters into it, would turn their
Accusers, and improve it by way of Complaint, for the Enemies
of our Charter to work upon; but the Governour would by no
means permit the Revocation of that wrong step, (if it were one) so
the Tryal proceeded, and the Offenders were Fined in several
Sums, by an Act of the Governour and Assembly.
It is now said that the Ingrateful Men who were saved from
the Gallows, by the Tenderness of the Government, are now cutting
A MODEST ENQUIRY, ETC. 77*
our Throats, and Petition home against the Government, for Fining
them instead of Hanging them; yea it is also laid, that the very
Person who was the chief cause of drawing the Assembly into this
Extraordinary Proceeding, intends to make an ill use of it against
the Country; If you are sensible of any things of this nature car-
rying on, we  pray you to add unto the rest of your Offices,
that of an Intercession, that an harm left People, surpriz'd into an
error, may not be punish'd any otherwise, than by the removal of
such as have been the cause of it; and so much for that.
Sir, You would do a vaste Service to the Crown, if you would
set forward the Designs of reducing Canada, and Possessing Nova
Scotia, a much left Fleet than what Annually goes into the Indies,
coming early enough in the Spring, may easily do the former, even
in the way thither; and a Scotch Colony might be of good Conse-
quence to do the latter; but if any assistance from New England
should be expelled in this matter, it is of absolute necessity that the
Country have a Governour whom the People may somewhat rely
Sir, You are born to do the Queen and the Nation Service; you
are spirited for great Undertakings, you are highly beloved and
esteemed among our People in this Land, and wherever you have
come; 'tis wished you may do some considerable Action in this
I have earnestly solicited to Address one of the Most Illustrious
Patriots of the English Nation, my Lord High Treasurer, wtih
some of these Intimations. That Noble Person is known to be
such a Patron to all Good Men, and such a Defence of Oppressed
Innocence and Liberties, that we all fly to him as our Unquestion-
able Refuge, I am well satisfy'd there would need nothing (to
speak Humanely) to make this Country easie and happy, but for
the Excellent Person to have an exact Representation of our Cir-
cumstances; nothing hinders me from attempting it, but the
hazard of doing what may be thought a Prisumption in one so
much a stranger to him: Nevertheless I am desired by some Con-
siderable Persons to move you, that you would wait upon his
Lordship, and fully acquaint him with the Matters now laid
May the Almighty prosper you,
I am Sir,
Your Obliged Servant &c,
[13 ] Postscript,
Sir, I may inform you of one Action lately done among us,
which I know you will be pleas'd withal: Upon the advice of the
78* A MODEST ENQUIRY, ETC.
Extream Distrest, whereto the French Invasion had brought St.
Christophers, and Nevis; the People of New England in a most
Christian manner, express'd. their Charity towards those, who per-
haps would have hardly done the like for them on a like occasion.
We made a Collection for the Relief of their Nececsities, the Col-
lection was I am told, between Seven and eight hundred Pounds,
in this Collection there were two Churches in Boston, the South
and the North, one gave somewhat above a 100 1. the other gave a
little under it. Certainly a Country so ready to serve her Majesty,
and to help their fellow Subjects, ought to have a room in the
thoughts of all Good Men in the English Nation.
The Reverend Mr C. M. Author of the foregoing Letter has
gain'd fo much upon the blind Obedience of the Inferiour fort of
People in New England, by his seeming Sanctity, and has so
insinuated himself into the opinion of some of good Credit here,
under the notion of a Patriot, that in order to let them see the
Man; it becomes necessary to say a few words of him in General,
and of this Letter in Particular. He begins with promises of
all Possible Faithfulness in his Relation, and then tells you that
the Friends of the Governours, by Promotion or Flattery, are
made so numerous, that one might naturally conclude he must
carry whatever he proposes; those that oppose the Governours
Proceedings having as he intimates no other power than Wishes,
whereas in the second Paragraph the Scene is quite chang'd; for
an Address being prepared to Her Majesty upon many Important
Articles, it was Rejected for the sake of a Clause brought in, to
desire Her Majesty's Continuance of the Governour. 'Tis pitty
the Important Affairs of the Province should be retarded upon
any Private Account: But afterwards to thew you those Impor-
tant Articles were not of the last consequence, he tells you the
whole Address was contrived by a party for nothing but a Clause
about the Governour. When it best answers the Ends of these
People, then the Governour's Interest is so great that all things
are transacted at his pleasure, whereas at other times they wont
allow him to have Interest enough to support the Dignity of his
Station. I have in the Answer to the Seventh Article said what
I thought necessary about the Assembly's not Addressing Her
[ 14] The Third and Fourth Paragraphs are wholly upon the
Indian Trade, so must expect the fame Answer that was given to
the Two first Articles of the Memorial. Be pleas'd only to ob-
serve that whereas in several parts of the Pamphlet the Gover-
nour is censur'd about the Tryal of the Gentlemen accus'd of the
Trade, here 'tis plain 'twas wholly done by the Assembly, for
which reason this Gentleman calls them the Merciful Assembly,
and speaking of the Tryal calls it the Tenderness of the Govern-
A MODEST ENQUIRY, ETC. 79*
ment &c and in truth they ought to take it all to themselves.
For the Traders were at first committed by the Lower House of
Assembly upon suspicion &c, and the second time by the same
House for High Misdemeanour without Col. Dudley's Knowledge
or Privity, neither was their any mention of Treason in either
of their Commitments duly attested: But to be more clear, the
Laws of New England then in force could make it no more than
High Misdemeanour, though since, that defect is provided against
by the Direction of the Governour, for an act is past in New
England, declaring such proceedings High Treason.
'Tis of no signification to insinuate that the Assembly were
drawn into this Proceding by the Governour, the Governours
Interest (as the second Paragraph of this Letter says) not being
able to get more than fix Voices upon a more Important Occa-
The Pride and Vanity of the Man is very remarkable in his
Fourth Paragraph presuming to Intrench upon the Office of his
Superior's in laying down Military Scheames, opposite to those
that are now Transacting in his Native Country, and proposing
the advantage (upon success) to those that in all probability will
have no hand in the attempt.
I will not pretend to guess who is meant by this Paragraph,
Sir, You are born to do the Queen and Nation Service &c. But
will assure you, Sir. that Col. Dudley before he left England had
abundance of Letters from New England fill'd with the like
Rhetorick, some of them near of kind to the Gentleman that
writ this: Therefore let not the Gentleman to whom this is di-
rected, propose to himself if ever he becomes Governour, (as I
see no likelihood of it) to be better used than Col. Dudley and
his Predecessors have been; If he will be also steady in the
performance of his Duty to Her Majesty and the Nation.
The same Causes will always be attended with the same Confe-
quences; and the Hereditary Rancour that appears in this
 Holy Man's Letter, as well as ill many of his Actions, will
Everlastingly be Opposite to Government, even though it were
What Mr C. M. says in his last Paragraph is so exceeding just
that 'tis surprising to find it from the same Pen. -- All Mankind
must concur with the Honourable Character that he there gives
my Lord Treasurer, he is justly by him stiled, A Patron to, all
Good Men. A Defence of Oppressed Innocency and Liberty. 'Tis
for these and his many other valuable Qualities, that Her Majesty
in Her Consummate Wisdom, has thought fit to place him in so
exalted a Station; and 'tis from his Patronage, that all those that
80* A MODEST ENQUIRY, ETC.
wish well to New England; assure themselves that that Province
will Flourish in spight of Faction, and the Governour be confirm'd
to the confusion of his Opposers. Whether the Address (at the
End of this) from the whole Body of the Clergy of New England,
Gratefully acknowledging Her Majesty's Favour, in Appointing
and Continuing, Col. Dudley their Govern our, (the like of which
was never before seen from that Venerable Body under any Ad-
ministration) ought to be less regarded than the Venomous Letter
of one Malecontent Priest, let Impartiality determine.
I have done with the Letter, but the Postscript, though Foreign
to the Occasion will admit of this remark; That a Body of People
that have been so liberal in their Charity to their SufferingNeigh-
bours, must (Generally speaking) be better Christians, (however
Characteriz'd by Mr C. M.) than to trouble Her Majesty, with
Groundless Complaints against the present Governour, whose
steady Loyalty, Great Knowledge, and unparallel'd Clemency, is
endeavouring to make them Happy, and Flourishing, even against
the Opposition of some Turbulent Spirits, that can't endure Con-
formlty either in Church or State.
Mr C. M would have been more ingenuous, being he thought
fit to mention this Charity, if he had given a faithful account of
it, and told you, that the Tenderness of the Governour, (whose
designs of doing good are very extensive) had by a Brief, (the
Copy of which you'1 find at the End) excited the People to this
Act of Charity: And after the Money was Collected, saw it laid
out in Provisions, and rent to them; which in their unhappy Cir-
cumstances, was of the utmost consequence. Whilst this Reverend
Gentleman, is speaking of this Charity of the Province to St.
Christophers and Nevis in their Distress, be pleas'd to observe his
own Charity: The People of New England in a most Christian
manner express'd  their Charity towards those, who perhaps
would have hardly done the like for them upon a like occasion.
A small Tract of Religion coming to my Hands a few years
since, Written by the Reverend Mr. C. M I could not without
some remark take notice of a Passage in the Preface, which is to
this effect, That being arrived at the Thirty second year of his
Age, he had also Publish'd Thirty two Volumns; However I con-
cluded that experience would rectifie a little youthful vanity,
which I thought was atton'd for; by the ability and inclination
the Man had to do Good; but I find him in Spirituals as failable
as in Politicks, or he would not have attempted a Pretended
Vision, to have converted Mr Frasier a Jew, who had before con-
ceiv'd some good Notions of Christianity: The Consequence was,
that the Forgery was so plainly detected that Mr C. M consest it;
after which Mr Frasier would never be perswaded to hear any
more of Christianity.
A MODEST ENQUIRY, ETC. 81*
The Particular I am now going to speak to, should have been
omitted, but without it the Doctors way of Aequivocating could
not be so well known. The story is this: A Gentlewooman of Gay-
ety, near Boston, was frequently visited by the Reverend Mr. C. M.
which giving offence to some of his Audience, he promised to
avoid her Conversation. But Good intentions being frustrated
by Vicious Inchnations, he becomes again her humble Servant;
this Reciprocal promise being first made, that NEITHER OF
THEM SHOULD CONFESS THEIR SEEING EACH
OTHER: However it becoming again publick, his Father
accused him of it, who after two or three HEMS to recover him-
self, (like Col. Partridge at the Council-Board) gave this Aequivo-
cal Answer, INDEED, FATHER, IF I SHOULD SAY I
DID SEE HER, I SHOULD TELL A GREAT LYE.
This is the Gentleman distinguishable for his Character; next
comes the Letter, Short, and Plain, and nothing in it but
ALL the People here are bought and sold betwixt the Gover-
nour and his Son Paul; they are so Mercenary that there
is no Justice to be had without Money; there is not one Publick
place in the Government, that is worth Money, but what the Gov-
ernour or Paul goes halves with. In short, the whole Country is
very uneasie, and the People here are so universally set agaznst him,
that Her Majesty can scarcely give a greater influence of Her ten-
der care and regard to them, than by a removal of him, which to
my certain knowledge would be  soon follow'd by a sincere
and Hearty Acknowledgment of Her Majesty's singular Favour
to them in that Particular.
I am sorry I am obliged to take notice of Mr Ar--ngs Letter,
but as it is produced in Evidence, against the Governour and his
Son, and as the Author of the New England Memorial draws
Inferences from this, and the foregoing Letter, it becomes neces-
sary upon this occasion to look into it, but with the utmost ten-
derness and compassionate regard, for the present Circumstances
of the Gentleman, which I am told are very contracted, I think
Mr Ar--nge is very little beholden to his Correspondents in Lon-
don for so publickly exposing a Letter, which must be attended
with very uneasie consequences to him, if the Clemency of the
Governour and his Son is not very remarkable. Nothing to an
Impartial Reader can be a greater argument of the Uprightness
of the Governour and his Son, than to find that the Rancour of
this Man, has not thought fit to give one particular instance, to
82* A MODEST ENQUIRY, ETC.
Corroborate his General Accusation. He should have told us in
particular who are the People that are Bought and Sold, and
given some instances of corruption in Judicial Proceedings, or
any other parts of the Governour's Administration and have
nam'd the Sums of Money Criminalty Gain'd and Divided.
Sure I am, it is not the effects of his good nature, that makes
him forbear mentioning any of the Particulars by me enquired
His advising: Her Majesty to remove, the Governour, assuring
Her, that to his Own certain knowledge twill be very acceptable
to the People, is such an exceeding instance of the Impudence
of the Man, that can scarcely be parallel'd even amongst the
whole body of the Seditious. And then he concludes, the Prov-
ince will become sincere and hearty Acknowledgers of Her Majes-
ty's singular Favour to them in that Particular.
I should injure the respect that's due to the Honourable the
Council and Assembly of Massachusetts Bay, to imagine they will
neglect inquiring into the Authority this Man has, for thus
Saucily advising Her Majesty, nay even telling Her, that Sin-
cerity and hearty Acknowledgments, are only to be expected to
Her Majesty from New England, upon the Terms by Him Pre-
The Two preceeding Letters produce three subsequent In-
 I. THAT WITHOUT MONEY THERE IS NO
JUSTICE IN NEW ENGLAND.*
What a Dismal Character is here given of the whole People
of that Flourishing Country, Clergy and Laiety, Merchant and
Peasant &c, are all involved in this heavy Accusation. If this be
true, no wonder that a Governour Fearing God and hating Cov-
etousness, is made uneasie in the Faithful Discharge of his Office.
! II. A GENERAL UNEASINESS UNDER, AND OP-
POSITION, TO THIS GOVERNOUR THROUGH THE
Speak for your selves ye Collective Bodies of the People:
The Honourable the Assembly, the Reverend the Clergy, ye
Merchants and Traders at Boston, and also ye the Honourable,
the Council and Representatives of New Hamshire; speak I say,
for your Selves, and tell the World, that Infatuation hung over
your Heads, to make you Recommend to Her Majesty a Man
against whom there is a + General Uneasiness through the whole
Country, to be continued Governour amongst you. But if you
* Pa. II. L. 7. ! P. II. L. I7. + P. II. L. 17.
A MODEST ENQUIRY, ETC. 83*
are sensible there Accusations are Calumnies and are well affur'd
(as you say in your several Addresses you are) that your Gov-
ernours Administration * has and always will have a Tendency to
the Promotion of Her Majesty's Interest, and also to the Ease and
Satisfaction, of all Her GOOD Subjects, that his Wisdom. Dili-
gence Courage and Fidelity, are Exemplary, with many other
Qualifications becoming a Governour: Then speak like your
selves (in Justification of your Injur'd Governour, and your own
Reputations, thus barbarously attackt) with a Voice that shall for
the future silence all those Dispisers of Authority.
III. A FERVENT DESIRE TO BE EASED OF OP-
'Tis for this very End that Her Majesty and Her Allyes are
now engaged in War. Let not the People of New England sus-
pect that Her Majesty whose Compassionate Assistance is ex-
tended towards all the oppressed Nations about her, will be
wanting to her GOOD Subjects of New England neither will I
imagine they'l (for the FUTURE) neglect any opportunities of
returning their Duty and Gratitude to Her Majesty.
I am obliged to follow the Steps of the Author + who Presents
the Reader with a farther account of the Mismanagements of
the Governour by another Hand, that is to say, by Mr P--dge, a
mighty Assistant in carrying on this work, as appears by this long
account, (taking up almost four pages) his two Affidavits, his
Certificate, and also his Speech before Her Majesty in Council.
The reason that  this Gentleman gave for embarking in this
cause shall be known in its place. This Farther account tells you
of a Letter sent to Mr Waldron § and himself, by the Governour;
recommending it to the Province of New Hampshire, to draw up
an Address to her Majesty, which was done; and so generally
accepted, that Mr Waldron had no manner of occasion to use any
art with the Council, and Representatives, to perswade them to
what they were so dutifully inclin'd. This Farther account is almost
full of Repetitions of what has been spoke to already, which I
shall omit, only taking notice of his new matter. The Governours
Correspondence with || Gallen Emesary was so Beneficial to the
Province, in foreknowing the intended Designs of the French
and Indians, which capacitated him to provide against them,
that I doubt not but the several Presents that the Governour
(to this Gentlemans knowledge) sent him, are Retaliated by the
'Tis very wide to draw any Conclusion from this following
accusation ¶ because Captain Furber told Mr P--dge, that the
French Prisoners told him that they had heard the Governour of
Port-Royal say, that he had promis'd that he would not let the
* The Addresses. § P. II. L. 7.
! P. II. L. 3. || The Addresses. P. 12. L. 36.
+ P. 12. L. 11. ¶ P. 13. L. 35.
84* A MODEST ENQUIRY, ETC.
Indians have powder and Shot, that therefore he did not do it,
when he had it spare. Those Indians are his Master's Sub-
jects, or at least his Allies, and let no Man believe that any of
the Kmg of France's Governours, are so good natur'd; as not to
put Arms into the hands of those, that they can depend upon,
will use them to annoy their Master's Enemies in time of War.
Neither let it be suspected that the French don't take care to sup-
ply their Plantations, with Warlike Stores, (without expecting to
buy them of their Enemies Clandestinely) though sometimes the
Accidents of the Sea may retard them, which I suppose was the
case when the Governour of Port Royal (if at all) made these
promises. I know not how many of the Enemy have been kill'd
once the present Governours time, having seen no Lift, but I be-
lieve more than * an Old Woman and two Girls, which is all this
Farther account allows. ! Several were kill'd at Derefield, + Our
Indians kill'd Seven at Cowstick, § another kill'd an Indian or two
before he was taken; || Mrs Bradley scalded one Fellow to Death
with hot Soap, and also disposed a Quantity of her Soap to an-
other, with the like Heroical intention, but it not succeeding at
the first, she ran from him.
These Particulars I find in the Pamphlet now under considera-
tion; As for the Governours foreknowing that the Enemy would
not (or to speak properly durst not) appear in a Body like  an
Army; but in sculking Parties of Twenty, or Thirty, it speaks
so much the Honour and good Intelligance of the Governour
than nothing need be said of it. The Address from the Militia
of Massachusetts Bay, is a very honourable one, and worthy the
Gentlemen that sign'd it. they being most of them the principal
Men of the Country; let Mr P--dge (who is gone over) tell them
they durst not do otherwise, and I shall be surpriz'd, if I don't
hear of his Correction.
Five Affidavits, and one Certificate, come next; two of them by
John Calley, Manner; one by Thomas Newton, Gent. and the
other two, and the Certificate by William Partridge, Esq; all
which are now before Her Majesty. They are too mighty things
for me to meddle with; but a Word or two of the several Occa-
sions, that may seem to have ruffled these Gentlement, may not
be improper. Mr P--dge has publickly given the Reason of his
Anger against the Governour; which is, because the Governour
did not interpose his Authority, to discharge Jethro Furber,
Master of a Vessel belonging to the said P--dge, who was in
Confinement, and under a Prosecution in the Admiralty Court
at Boston, at the Suit of Her Majesty; for enticing away several
Sea-men out of Her Majesties Ship the Deptford, Captain Stuck-
ley Commander. The Governour could act no part in this Affair,
the Cause lying in a Court in dependant of him: But if it had
*P. 16. L. 26. ! P. 41. Lin. 19. + P. 35. Lin. 94
§ P. 32. L. 10 || P. 33. L 33.
A MODEST ENQUIRY, ETC. 85*
been never so much in his Power, it would have given ground
for a very just Complaint against him, to countenance any Per-
sons, against whom there is full proof of enticing the Men out of
Her Majesties Ships of War; the want of whom, may expose
them to great danger from the Enemy or otherwise.
Mr. John C--y has been serviceable in taking two Prizes in
directing the Collector to take them into his Care for Her Maj-
esty's Use, after Mr C--y appropriated them to his own use, I
leave to others to determine.
* Mr. N--ton accuses the Governour, for not permitting him to
go to Rhode Island, to condemn some Prizes (being deputed there-
unto by W. At--d Esq.) unless the said Governour had a Hun-
dred Pounds procur'd him by the said N--n. The Governour
might have prevented his going, very justly; but however, if the
Hundred Pounds had been paid for that leave, it would have
been a principal part of the Affidavit.
[2 1 ] From the Affidavits, we come to some Remarks made by
this Author: First, ! Can any Man that loves not a French
Interest, call those trivial? Yes truly, I make no manner of
doubt, but a Man may be very honest, and a hearty Lover of
Great-Britain, and also of New England; and yet see through
the Malice, and Falcity of these Accusations. The Author need
not have gone so far back, as to the + Athenians, to have found
out Presidents for punishing great Officers for Male-Administra-
tion; such Examples might be seen in the Annals of England;
but we must not revive the old Abington Law, of punishing Men
before they are prov'd guilty. Have a little patience Gentlemen,
there is a Day appointed for hearing all that can be said against
the Governour; Her Majesty is Just, She'll hear both sides, and
then decree Righteous Judgment. § To do Justice and Right, is
the most Invaluable Jewel in Magna Charta. I am not presum-
ing to question the Righteousness of our Laws; but the Law of
Moses is much older. The Spirit of Perverseness is mighty
visible in the Gentlemen, or else he would not have gone to
Athens, to find out Presidents for English Men; or quoted Magna
Charta, to prove the Necessity of Keeping the Ten Command-
|| 'The Cries sent up to Heaven, by the many poor Souls
'lately most inhumanly butchered by the merciless Indians --
'will certainly draw down Redress from him, who is not only
REX MAGNUS & REX SOLUS, but JUDEX SUPRE-
'MUS who hath IMPERIUM SINE FINE, as well as SINE
'LIMITE.' Undoubtedly, God Almighty hath heard and re-
garded, the Cries and Sufferings of those poor People; and also,
* Pag. 26. ! Pag. 30. l. 2. + Pag. 30. l. 9.
§ Pag. 30. l. 15. || Pag. 30. l. 28.
86* A MODEST ENQUIRY, ETC.
without any manner of question, the same of the Proto-Martyr
of the Country, the poor Weaver, whose only Crime was, that he
was not a Cobler. And here the Attributes of God are express'd
in a Language, that it may be, some of that Country may call
Popery; but there is something so agreeable, and melting in the
Chiming of Words, as Rex Magnus, and Rex Solus, Sine Fine,
(and Sine Limite, that it could not well be omitted; otherwise the
Author might from the Common-Prayer-Book, have quoted more
proper Attributes, and much more intelligible to the People.
* I am now come to the Account of several Barbarities &c.
committed by the Indians, intermix'd with some memorable
Providences, which fill ten Pages to very little purpose, there
being in them nothing uncommon to Frontiers, that are con-
tiguous to undisciplin'd barbarous People, such as Tartars, In-
dians, or the like.
!  I can't be very much surpris'd, that when a Crew of
Indians that had taken an English Child, and had eat no Victuals
for 3 Days, were rather determin'd to eat the Child, than one
another. This Nature induced them to do, but the Humanity
of the Heathens is remarkable, that a Dog falling in their way
they compassionated the Child; the Dog though but half a Meal
to them, supply'd that occasion + and Hannah Parsons is yet
living. If an Indian had fallen in the way of half a Dozen
hungry Christians, even though they were come to a Fulness of
Grace, and Ripe in the Lord; yet if they had Eat no Victuals
for three days, I make no doubt but he would have been dispos'd of,
according to the Regular Form of Leggs, and Shoulders, for the
more Expeditiously supplying themselves, by Boyling and
Roasting; and yet the Deliverance would have remain'd Remark-
able (i. e.) that Providence threw this Fellow into the way of their
Necessities -- An § Englishman killing an Indian, and being
taken was to be murder'd at the direction, and in what manner
the Squa (i. e.) the Widdow of the Indian was pleas'd to prescribe
but she (having more Humanity than [some that call themselves
Christians) forgave him -- || A New England Woman was
going to be hang'd by an Indian, but the limb of the Tree broke
as the was tying up and another Indian interposing, she was
likewise sav'd. I pass over several other Particular hardships that
some Christians during their Captivity have endured from Hunger
Weather, and long Sojourning, but ¶ Mrs Bradly of Haverly's.
Case must be particularly taken notice of, because 'tis recom-
mended with an -- AB UNO DISCEOMNES. She poor
Woman, past through several Varieties of Affliction during her
Captivity. The Story of her delivering her self from danger by
killing, one Fellow with scalding Sope, and lathering another
* P. 31. Lin. I. ! Ib. l. 9. || Ib. 1. 22.
! P. 32. L. I. § Ib. I. 10. ¶ Ib. 1. 20
A MODEST ENQUIRY, ETC. 87*
has been told already; afterwards the went through several diffi-
culties, as Hunger, and the like. Being near