Electronic Version Prepared by
Dr. Ted Hildebrandt 6/5/2002
Committee of Publication
GEORGE E. ELLIS.
WILLIAM H. WHITMORE.
HENRY WARREN TORREY.
JAMES RUSSELL LOWELL.
VOL. VII. FIFTH SERIES.
PUBLISHED BY THE SOCIETY.
JOHN WILSON AND SON,
This volume, the third of the series of the SEWALL PAPERS,
completes the publication from the manuscript diary of Judge
Sewall, in the Cabinet of the Society.
The most important of his other papers in our possession
is a very large volume, much of it closely written, contain-
ing his correspondence, with miscellaneous matter. It is
intended that the contents of this volume, also, shall be
transcribed; but it has not as yet been decided whether the
whole of its contents, which would fill at least two volumes
of our series, shall be published, or only such a selection of
its more important papers as might be gathered into one
DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL.
[Judge Sewall having gone from home to hold court, the following ex-
tracts, enclosed between asterisks, are from entries in the small volume
which he carried with him, labelled "Magunkaquog," See Vol. II., p.
* May 10. 1714. To Sarah, the Wife of John Ballard, Ship Car-
said Ballard for keeping of him from Friday last, 3s Five in all.
£0. 5. O.
Gerrish's at Wenham.
May 11. Visited Sister Northend. Mrs. Phillips, Mr. Payson.
Cousirr Woodbridge's, at Newbury, went on to
to Capt Wingat's. The Rev. Seaborn Cotton, Pastor of the Church
Doctr Benjamin Dole, aged about 27 years, departed, May 8. 1707.
Robert Smith, aged 95, died Augt. 30. 1706.
May 12. In a piece of a Gazett, mentioned, A large Dromedary
seven foot high, and 12 foot long, taken from the Turks at the Siege
Midweek, May 12. Went to Brewster, the Anchor in the Plain:
got thither about 11: staid there for Mr. Justice Thomas and Lynde.
We din'd together there. Took Joseph Brewster for our guide, and
went to Town. Essay'd to be quarter'd at Mr. Knight's, but he not
being at home, his Wife refused us. I accepted Mr. Penhallow's
Invitation by his Maid. Not being able to get Hay, sent our Horses
ker's, who seemed to receive us with passionat Respect. Went to
our Lodgings, I to Mr. Penhallow's, Col. Thomas to Capt. Went-
worth's, Mr. Lynde to Capt. Plaisteed.
1714. Publick Fast.*
2 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1714.
*[Judge Sewall h.as notes of the sermons on both parts of the day from
the same text, Matt. vi. 11., the subject being continued.]
Hic jacet sepultus Thomas Daniel1 Armig. qui hanc fragilem pro
imutabili, vitam commutavit, 13 Novs. Ano Salutis Nostrae 1683,
Anoq. Aetatis suae, 49.
Superior Court Held at the house of Mr. Curtis at Spruce Click
1714. per Three Justices; viz, Sewall, Thomas, Lynde. Grand Jury
18, Mr. Joseph Hill, Foreman. Jury of Trials, Mr. Richard Cutt,
Foreman. Raine against Woodman, Apeal, Demur on Title of Land.
Hubbard against Hambleton. Demur. on Title of Land.
I paid at Curtis's £1.8.
Twenty-Eight pounds in full of all Demands and took his Receipt,
28. 0. 0.
Mr. Tapin, May 16. 1714. a. m.
[Notes of the sermons on both parts of the day are entered. We copy
only the improvement of the afternoon discourse.]
Christians of the greatest excellency are compar'd to Vessels
of Gold. Are pure, precious, will endure the Fire. Are fill'd with
all the Graces of God's Spirit. Christians that do not excell are
compar'd to Silver; persons of Lesser piety, though truly piety.
Use. Labour to be Vessels of Gold, or at least of Silyer.
Superior Court at
tices, Sewall, Thomas, Lynde. Grand Jury 23. Mr. Saml. Hart, Fore-
man. Jury Trials, Capt Dan'l Rindge, Foreman.
Noyes against Adams, Guardian to Thurlow, 2d Jury Trials, Mr.
William Moodey, Foreman.
Davison against Silver. Trespass and Ejectment. John Harts-
horn's Deed to his Son, John Hartshorn, Acknowledg'd, June 30.
1703. Recorded, Nov. 21. 1704. Davison's Writt served and the
house Attached, Sept. 9. 1704. Execution served Decr. 12. 1704, by
Nicholas Davison, Son of the Apellant and his Deputy, and the said
Nicholas Davison chose the Aprisers.
Mr. George Corwin, May 19. 1714, day of his Ordination.
[As the notes of the sermon which follow indicate the standard set for
the ministry at that time, they are here transcribed.]
2 Cor. 2. 16. And who is sufficient for these Things? How weighty,
how difficult a work.*
1 Doubtless the Thomas Daniel, of
Cutt. His widow married Thomas Graffort, Dec. 11, 1684. See Brewster's
1714.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 3
*Doctrine. The Employment of the Ministry is a work so difficult
that no man of himself is sufficient therefor.
Proposition 1. The Employment of the Ministry is a Work.
They that charge Ministers with idleness, do it out of gross igno-
ranee. Is constituted a Ruler over God's House. What weightier
Work than Government? Husbandry a laborious Work 1 Cor 3
6. 7. 8. 9. I have planted. We are Laborers together with God
Tim. A Good Work, for which there is no Respit.
Prop. 2. Employment of the Ministry is a most difficult Work.
Superior Aid and Assistance Souls of Men the Object.
The Salvation of them. Imortal Spirits, they are the Guardians of
them. Exposed to Lethargy. That may receive forgiveness of Sins
and an Inheritance among them that are Sanctified. What more
difficult than this? Nothing being of equal value to Men's Souls,
Care must be Answerable.
From Metaphors whereby their employment is signified. Hus-
bandry. Builders; Shepherds. Watchmen, Ezek. 3. Must deny
himself, not sleep, that others may rest the more securely. Stew-
ards, 1 Cor. 4. 1. Of the Mysteries of God: requires prudence,
faithfulness. Luke, 12. 42. Ambassadors for Christ, 2 Cor. 5. 20
very difficult to be rightly discharg'd; to know rightly to manage
between God and his Rebellious Subjects.
From the degree of Knowledge requisite for those that undertake
this Work. That build not Straw and Stubble. Resist Gainsayers.
Convince them. From that vast variety of Work that lyes upon
their Hand. Publick Duties. Praying with and for the Congrega-
tion. Suiting each occasion, Dispensing the Word most profitable
for the Auditory. Speaking without Fear or Affection. Seek out
acceptable Words, and yet not Men-pleasing. Administring Ordi-
nances. Not cast pearls before Swine, nor keeping any away to
whom they are due. Privat, Visit, pray for them, comfort them in
critical hours, that, if possible, they may be saved. That conform
himself as much as possible to all Humors. 1 Cor. 9. 19. That I might
gain the more; become all things to all. Lambs to be led gently, Isa.
23: weak to be fed with Milk. Rich. Poor. To accomodat our-
selves to all these is no easy thing.
In regard of the peculiarly strict an Exemplary Conversation re-
quir'd of a Minister. All his Actions ly open to view. 1 Tim. 4. 12.
Let no man despise thy youth: but be thou an example. 1 Pet. 5. 1.
Ensamples to the Flock. Practising before them what you exhort
them to. Nothing more disserviceable to Religion than the loose
conversation of men in Sacred Orders. Many watch for their Halt-
ings. Must have a good Report of them that are without. Ought*
4 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1714.
*to be able to refer their people to their own Practise. Walk so as
you have us for an Example. Who sufficient.
Prop. 3. No man is himself sufficient for this great Work. But
our Sufficiency is of God. No wonder that some of the most able
have been difficultly drawn to this work, that the Excellency of
the power may be of God, not of us.
Use. Infer. 1. The extream mistake of those who look upon the
Work of the Ministry as a light and easy Work.
Infer. 2. Extream Rashness and Weakness of those who hurry
precipitately into the Work of the Ministry.
Infer. 3. Should quicken Ministers under a deeper sense of their
insufficiency, to repair to God for Help.
Am call'd this day to preach in a peculiar mailer to myself. Tis
God's Business they go about.
Infer. 4. Should beget in the people a hearty pity and concern
for their Ministers, and excite their fervent Prayers for them. En-
courage them. Strengthen their hands. Make their work as easy
to them as they can. Attend to their Ministry. Profit by it. When
do thus, may hope for God's Blessing on their Ministry.*
May, 26 . Election-day. Three chosen in the
room of Peter Sergeant esqr, deceased,1 Major Wm Brown,
1 This reference to Peter Sergeant will serve as a pretext to correct an
error in a note in Vol. II. p. 174. Mr. H. F. Waters informs us that Ser-
geant had four wives, as appears by the following item in his will: "I give
and bequeath to my much Respected and Kind Brother and Sister-in-Law,
Eliakim Hutchinson, esqr. and Sarah his wife, and to their children, viz.
Messrs. William Hutchinson and wife and Thomas Palmer and wife and
Spencer Phipps and wife, £10 each, amounting in the whole to £80 to buy
them mourning." "I give and bequeath to the aforesaid Mrs. Sarah Hutch-
the two children of Mrs. Abigail Bourne of
Elizabeth my second wife" . . . £200.
This wife was therefore Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Shrimpton, and
this confirms our note (Vol. II. p. 203) in regard to Spencer Phips's wife.
Mr. Waters adds that Sergeant's first wife was clearly a daughter of Capt.
George Corwin (see New England Hist. Gen. Register, Vol. XXVIII. p. 200),
as is shown by a letter of Corwin in the American Antiquarian Society
Library, dated May, 1683. Mr. Waters suggests that she was named Eliza-
beth, and is probably mentioned by Sewall (Vol. II. Preface, p. 13*), as fol-
lows: 1681, Dec. 23, "two of the chief Gentlewomen in Town dyed, -- viz.
Mrs. Mary Davis and Mrs Eliza. Sargent."
His third wife was Lady Mary Phips, and his fourth, Mrs. Mehitable
Cooper. -- EDS.
1714.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 5
who has not been here in town this year, or two, Mr.
Govr [Dudley] approves of all but
field whom, being absent, he leaves to further Considera-
tion p, m. 25 Sworn.
June, 3. It seems Nathanl Byfield esqr. is compleatly
Negativ'd,1 which I knew not till was now call'd to a New
Election: Voters 91. Dr. John Clark has 51. Votes. At
first declines serving; Afterwards accepts and is sworn
about the 9th June. On the Eleventh of June, makes the
Council a Noble Treat at his house. Lieut Govr [Tailer],
Genl Nicholson, Col. Byfield, Col. Brown there. Dr. C.
Mather crav'd a Blessing. Great Thunder and Lighten-
ing while we were there. Mr. Secretary [Addington]
and I came away first with borrowed Cloaks. Note. Govr
and Mr. Comissary [Belcher] went to Weston this day to
Mr. Williams's, I supose on account of his daughter's Mar-
riage to Mr. Wm Dumer.2 So they not at Dr. Clark's.
ralty, 1703-15. "He complained of being injuriously reproved by Mr.
after that always in the opposition." The power of the Governor to veto
the election of members of his Council was often exercised or reasons
purely personal and arbitrary. -- EDS.
2 William Dummer married, April 26, 1714, Catherine, the twelfth child
of Governor Joseph Dudley, and sister of Rebecca Dudley, who was then the
unhappy wife of Samuel Sewall, Jr. He was the son of Jeremiah Dummer,
the second cousin of our journalist. Dummer's promotion was rapid
after this time; he was Lieutenant-Governor under Shute, 1716-23, acting
Governor for nearly five years, 1723-1728, and again at Burnet's death,
He died at
368) speaks highly of him: "His general aim was to do public service."
By his will
ment to his fame.
From the reference to Weston, we presume that Dummer's marriage was
celebrated there. The minister there was Rev. William Williams, H. C.
1705, son of Rev. William Williams, of Hatfield. The latter married Eliza-
beth, daughter of Rev. Seaborn Cotton, by his wife, Dorothy Bradstreet,
niece of Governor Joseph Dudley. Owing to the large families in this line,
it seems that the bride was own cousin to the grandmother of the officiating
clergyman; and yet she was only twenty-four years old. -- EDS.
6 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1714.
My Son and daughter went not to Weston. This Court
the Deputies send in a Bill to complain of a Duty laid on
ernment of New-Hampshire: Govr intimated as if the Act
was only for
Boards cut in
that the Copy of the Act might be sent for. Mr. Secre-
tary writ a Letter, which the Govr Sign'd; But after
several posts, no copy came. At last the Deputies had
Affidavits from several, of their being compel'd to pay the
Duty, and desired a Comittee might be named to find out
a Remedy; which they propos'd by laying a Duty on
Wines from thence &c. The Govr now grew Warm, and
plainly Espous'd the New-Hampshire Interest: And said
nothing could be said to it, except we had the Act before
us. He would sooner have his hand cut off, than sign
such an Act as the Comittee offer'd. I said the laying
such a Duty on our Boards was unjust; which the Govr
resented, blaming me for my Heat. Extenuated the mat-
ter as if twould come but to about £15. Whereas Mr.
Comissary said it would come to £500. per anum. At
last the Deputies sent in this Resolve:
In the House of Representatives.
JUNE, 25. 1714.
Voted, That the Inhabitants of this Province being obliged to
pay a Duty for Goods brought out of our own Province from the
Hampshire; Is a great Grievance and Abuse to Her Majs good Sub-
jects of this Province, highly injurious to the Government, and a
Breach of the Good Correspondence between the Provinces.
JOHN BURRILL, Speaker.
The Govr writ a few Lines offering some to be sent to
New-Hampshire to confer about this matter. Deputies
sent in a Negative to it by a Message; one part of their
Answer was because it imported our inability to help our
selves. Court was prorogued to the 18th August. Depu-
ties sent for the Bill of the Judges Salary, and made it
1714.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 7
Two Hundred and Fifty pounds; adding Fifty pounds.
After the Court was risen, I presented the Speaker with
Mr. Colman's Book of the Virgins.
Just after I saw Mr. Pemberton, by Mr. Gerrishe's
Shop: I told him the Court was prorogu'd. He and I
after a little Space walk'd together, he was going, it
seems, to Madam Saltonstall's: I went with him having
Election-Sermons in my Pocket. When we came against
Mr. Myles's he vehemently upbraided me with the un-
civil Treatment he met with when he pray'd with the
Council; as if were us'd like a Boy. They pointed to
him. It put him in mind of what Mr. Belchar had told
ing. I said We were of another mind or else would not
take the pains to get the Divines of the Town. No body
went with him to the door. I said I supos'd twas a meer
accident. No body asked him whether he were out of
breath. As to this last it behooved him to have step'd
into Mr, Gerrishes Shop, or some other convenient place,
till he had taken breath. As to the pointing, I aprehend
it was thus; Just as he came in, there was a great Mes-
sage from the Deputies; and the Lieut. Govr with his
hand directed him to go into the Closet till that was over.
Mr. Pemberton could not fairly complain of this, and not
being enquired of whether he were out of Breath, at the
same time, I am sure I endeavour'd with respect to de-
sire Mr. Pemberton to take his Turn with the other Min-
isters. He at last consented. Only as the week began
with Friday, he desired to be excus'd till the begining of
the week following, by which means Friday and Satter-
day were suplied by my Son out of his Turn. And then
the next week, one morning, Govr Saltonstall was with
Mr. Pemberton; and he declined coming upon that score
1 "Practical Discourses on the Parable of the Ten Virgins," &c., &c.
First published in 1707. -- EDS.
8 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1714.
and sent the Messenger to my Son. Althoo, Mr. Pember-
ton had been' fill'd with Gr Saltonstall's company before.
July, 1. I rec'd Money of Mr. Palmer, and waited on
Mr. Pemberton with 20s. He hardly rec'd it: Mention'd
the great inconvenience he was under by attending the
Council; how he was fain to put nature by its course;
how he had bled. I told him if it was so prejudicial to
him, it should not be Exacted of him.
July, 5. I went to Mr. Pemberton, found Mr. Comis-
sary and Mr. Bromfield there. They began to speak to
me about Deacons, some of ours very old and infirm.
Mr. Pemberton spake how much Col. Checkley was
broken; which I had not observ'd. Mention'd the ex-
adding to their number.
Oliver: I said I should like him very well if he would
Accept. Then nam' d Mr. Sam. Phillips: I said nothing.
But said, I had need of a List of the Church members be-
fore I could speak to it. Mr. Pemberton said he was a
man of Substance; seemed to be much for him. When
they were gon, (I think twas then) I mentioned to Mr.
Pemberton Mr. Dorr's 1 Question. An Essentiae Rerum
sint aeternae? Affirmat.
Mr. Pemberton seem'd to approve of it. When he did
not explain it to my satisfaction; He said, I have for-
got my Philosophy. Upon my mentioning Divinity, He
said, There was nothing of Divinity in it. This he spoke
with an Air of displeasure. I came away, Meeting Mr.
Remington in the Street I told him of it, and desired him
to speak to the President; and by Mr. Higginson next
day I received a kind Letter from the President with a
Master's Thesis in it corrected as it now stands. I re-
turn'd an Answer of Thanks in another Letter.
Comencement-day, July, 7th. I go with Joseph; Mitch-
1 Joseph Dorr, A.B., 1711. His" M~ter's Thesis" would belong to
1714. -- EDS.
1714.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 9
was in the Boat. Mr. Eaton took us up a
ash, and so we rid comfortably from the River; went to
the President's, visited Mr. Brattle. Mr. Flynt is indis-
pos'd and retired to Col. Goff's. Go to the College and
quickly into the Meetinghouse. The Govr and Govr
Saltonstall their chariot fail'd at B. White's: were fain
to stay there while Brill could fetch the Coach; which
made the Govr late. Foxcroft makes the Oration, a good
one. After Dinner, the Govr and Overseers order the
Comencement to be kept on the last Wednesday in Aug-
ust anually: because of the Heat &c. The Governour,
Govr Nicholson, and Govr Saltonstall, the Lieut Govr, Mr.
Secretary, Sewall, Mr. Smith. After the Exercise I and
my Son visited Sir Foxcroft, Sir Thaxter, Sir Hobart. 1
with us; quickly lit of a Calash, came over in the Boat
with Mr. Wadsworth and from thence to his house and
home. Laus Deo.
July, 2. Mr. Sol. Stoddard preach'd at his Brother's.
I was there.
July, 10. Had Mr. Sol. Stoddard, and Mr. Simeon
Stoddard at Diner with us. Mrs. Eliza. Hirst was with
us by mere accident unknown to me.
July, 13. 1714. Mr. Sol. Stoddard returns; went out
of Town in his Brother's Coach. P. m. I lay a Brick in
Mr. Colman's House building near his Meetinghouse:
gave Hill the Mason 3s; Cophee call'd him from above.
This Cophee tells me he gives Mr. Pemberton £40. for
his Time, that he might be with his wife. I gave him
5s to help him.
July 16. Friday, About 2 p. m. Is a great Flash of
Lightening, and terrible Clap of Thunder; hardly any
preceded or succeeded it. It struck Col. Vetch's house
that bought of Capt. Wyllys's Heir, the end of the Kitchen
1 Graduates of 1714. -- EDS.
10 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1714.
next Pollard's.1 Split the principal Rafter next that end,
to the purloin [purlin]. Ript off the Clap-boards, loos-
ened many more; plough'd off the cieling of that end wall
here and there in a Line; lifted up the Sash window,
broke one of the squares; knocked down two boys that
stood by the dresser. Tis the more Melancholick, because
Madam Vetch is just removing thither; though the Work
of Transformation be not finished.
Seventh-day, July, 17. Benj. Larnell2 apears to have
a Fever by being delirious: Mr. Oakes was not apre-
hensive of it, and came not to enquire how his Purge;
wrought. I called Mr. Cutler who administers to him.
Lords-Day, July. 18. I put up a Note. Mr. Pemberton
prays expressly and largely for him: p. m. Mrs. Williams
visits him. Nota. Between 6 and 7, is a Council at Mr.
Dudley's. Col. Nicholson, Govr
Whiting. Ten of the Council, who advis'd the Govr. to
proceed Eastward notwithstanding what Genl Nicholson
had received from Govr Hunter about Jealousies lest the
5. Nations should be debauch'd by Mary-Land Indians and
those of Quebeck.
July, 19. Began to rain about 11. at night; held all
night, and this morning, Laus Deo. When it held up, I
went to Mr. Pemberton's, desired him to come and pray
1 We have mentioned Col. Vetch in Vol. ll. p. 142. His house bought
of Capt. Wyllys's heirs, is thus described in Suff. Deeds, lib. 26, fol. 159.
"April 18, 1712, Elizabeth Willey, widow, and Ruth Willey, singlewoman,
only dau. and gr. dau. of Edward Willys, decd, sell to Samuel Vetch for £400,
dwelling-house of said E. W. in
of Arthur Mason, 213 feet: south-east on John Frost, decd, and William
Wheeler 142 feet: south west on Winter street, 213 1/2 feet, and north-west on
Common street, 152 feet."
March 22d 1713-14. Samuel Vetch and wife Margaret sold this house
and land for £1050, N. E. currency, to Capt. Thomas Steel. Witnesses
Phillip Verplank, Murdoch McKiver, and Henry Nicholson. -- EDS.
2 He was an Indian youth, a student in
charge. -- EDS.
1714.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 11
with my Family before he went; he said he had a great
deal of Business; yet I had some expectation of his coming,
and forbore to ask my son to pray that might the more
reserve our selves for him. He came not. In the After-
noon I went to have accompanied the Gentlemen to the
Sloop, but they were gon a little before, before 4 o'clock.
July, 20. My Son comes to our House and prays for
Larnell in his Mother's Bed-chamber; I, his Mother, and
Sister Hanah present. Judith was gon to her Brother's
to sojourn, her Mother hastening her away because of
July 22. Midweek. Benja Larnell expired last night
about Midnight. Was delirious to the last as far as I can
perceive. I left him about 11. Buried this day. Bear-
ers Sparhawk Welsteed. Moodey Gray.Allen Gee.
and Gloves. I and the President went next the Corps.
Had underbearers. Is laid in the New Burying place.
The Note that I put up at Lecture was, " Prayers are de-
sired that God would graciously Grant a suitable Improve-
ment of the Death of Benja Larnell, Student of Harvard
College." I spake to Mr. Wadsworth of his death, be-
held all time in the Morning. He pray'd very well about this
July, 25. Mr. Timothy Cutler preaches at the South
in the Morning. Prays excellently for Mr. Pemberton at
Sheriff; I think 2 under-sheriffs, Mr. Bordman, Capt.
waited on us from
July, 28. 1714. According to my Promise, I carried
my daughter Hanah to Meadford to visit Cousin Porter
lyeing in; In her Mother's Name she presented her Cousin
with a red Coat for her little Aaron,1 blew facing for the
1 See Exodus, Chap. XXXIX. -- EDS.
12 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1714.
sleeves, Galoon. Cost about 12s. 2d. I carried her 3.
oranges. Gave the Nurse 2s. Maid ls. Hanah gave the
Nurse 1s.; got thither about 1. Over the Ferry before
dark: 5s for the Calash.
Mr. Porter went to
come home, though the Sun scarce half an hour high
when we came away. Laus Deo. This day a fine Boy,
Saml Stone, 9 years old next Octobr. was playing with
other children about a pile of Stick'd Boards, which fell
down upon him and so bruised and broke him, that he
died on Thorsday about 6. p. m. Breath'd and spake
about 25 hours. Alas! Alas!
July, 26. Mr. Colman preach'd Mr. Pemberton's Lec-
ture. Deming, and Baker din'd with us. Comissioners
met to give Govr Saltonstall an Oportunity to vindicate
himself relating to the Pequot and Mohegan Indians. I
treated the Govr. and Comissioners with a Glass of New
Canary, 3s a Bottle.
Genl Nicholson arrived not at Piscataqua till Monday
July, 26. p. m.
Friday, July, 30. Govr returns by Land, and the Sloop
with the Gentlemen in her arrive.
Satterday July, 31. The Govr holds a Council to ad-
vise what Measures to take as to the Man evil-entreated
by Indians between Hatfield and Dearfield: pull'd him off
his Horse by the Hair of the Head, strip'd him, threaten'd
to kill him: Said they did it on account of the servant
Maid taken from one of the 4 Indians that went for Eng-
land. Govr writes to Col. Partridge to send Capt. Shel-
Saltonstall present at this Council.
Govr Saltonstall returns with his Lady.
Saml Apleton goes with him, set out about 7. m.
John Cunable takes measure for a window in my wive's
Bed-Chamber to the North-east; because of so many
buildings darkening us to the Southwest. Augt. 4. How-
[1714.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 13
ell, the Cabinet-maker, takes down the closet that stands
in the corner, to make way for the window. Fifth-day,
Augt. 5th. Fast for Rain at the Lecture. I keep at home
by reason of my swell'd face, though tis something fallen
from what twas yesterday. Note. about 2. p. m. Hanah was
coming hastily down the new Stairs, fell, and broke the
Pan of her Right Knee in two; one part went upward,
the other downward. I got her down and set her in my
chair, sent for Dr. Cutler: who told us how it was; we
led her up into her Chamber: Neighbour Hamilton and
others came in and got her to bed, then Dr. Cutler bath'd
it, with spirits of Wine, put on a large Plaister, then with
two bolsters and large Swathing bound it up tite to bring
the broken pieces together, and Unite them. Madam
a-clock Scipio comes and tells me that my daughter Hirst
is brought to Bed of a son. I gave him a good shilling.
Hanah is glad to hear of this.
This day Augt 5. the Ship arrives that brings news of
the death of the Princess Sophia of an Apoplexy May, 28.
AEt. 84. Bill against Dissenters keeping Schools1 pass'd
both Houses. Mr. Dudley Bradstreet quickly after he
had received Orders, dy'd of the small Pocks.2
1 This is the Schism Act, "one of the worst Acts," says Lord Mahon,
"that ever defiled the Statute Book." It was entitled "An Act for prevent-
ing the growth of Schism." By it, all schoolmasters and private teachers
had to declare conformity to the Church of England, be licensed by a bishop,
sacrament according to the communion of the
land, and subscribe the oaths of allegiance and supremacy. It never actu-
ally took effect, being suspended in 1714, and repealed in 1719. -- EDS.
2 This was Dudley Bradstreet, Jr., son of the Dudley Bradstreet who was
the third son of Governor Simon Bradstreet, by his wife, Ann Dudley. The
father was a colonel, and married Ann (Wood), widow of Theodore Price.
Bradstreet, Jr., H. C. 1698, was ordained at
1706. He is said by
and to have had sons, Simon and Dudley, born at
Bradstreet, probably his son, married at
ters. The Rev. Dudley Bradstreet was dismissed from
14 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1714
Augt. 6. Genl Court prorogu'd to the 15th 7r. I was
not at Council.
Augt. 7th. Hearing of it just at the time, as was with
the Chief Justice, I went to the Funeral of our excellent
Nurse Hill. (Between Mr. Winthrop's and the house, I
saw a large and fair Rainbow). Buried in the old Bury-
ing place: Bearers, Capt. Hill, Williams; Deacon Atwood,
Maryon; Barnard, Hubbard. Mr. Cook and I went to-
Augt. 8. Our little Grandson, William Hirst, is Bap-
tized by Mr. Colman.
Augt. 9. Last night our neighbour Green died. He
Gold's daughter: was of
Third-day, Augt. 10. Timothy Green removes to New-
London.1 Cousin Green and his wife and others accom-
pany them to
Daughter Hanah. Gave Mr. Green at parting Two pieces
Mr. Danforth of
they must call a Council to remove him from thence.
Lord's Day, Augt. 15. Mrs. Hanah Angier, the only
surviving child of the excellent Mr. Urian Oakes, dyes at
visiting her Lying-in daughter-in-Law Angier.
Augt. 16. Mr. Mayhew comes to Town with his daugh-
Augt. 17. Hanah's knee has a new Plaister put on it,
and is new bound by Dr. Cutler.
Augt. 18. Dr. Oakes and I ride to the Funeral of Mrs.
Episcopal tendencies, and went to
died, as our text shows. He was, of course, grand-nephew of Governor Joseph
Dudley, whose son, Paul Dudley, married Lucy Wainwright, and whose
daughter Mary married Francis Wainwright. -- EDS.
1 This was Timothy Green, the printer, son of Samuel, Jr., and grand-
son of Samuel Green, both printers. See N. E. H. G. Register, XVI. 14.
1714.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 15
Grandmother, Brothers, Urian and Laurence. Bearers,
President, and Mr. Brattle; Mr. Hancock and Gibbs; Mr.
Flynt, and Bradstreet. Mr. Angier tells me his wife was
about 55. years old: therefore I conclude she was born at
Titchfield.2 Mr. Comissary Belchar and I followed next
after the Women. Perhaps I was the only Country-man
at the Funeral; and had Boarded at Mr. Oakes's when
Mrs. Angier was a Maid. The widow Hastings I visited
before the Funeral: She is very weak; her Memory al-
most quite Shatter'd: was very glad of my visit and
Thank'd me for it. Her Feebleness wholly prevented her
from being at the Funeral of her old Master's Daughter
whom she greatly helped to bring up.
Augt. 19. I am told of the sickness of Deacon Jno At-
wood, was seized yesterday, before day, with great pain at
Augt. 20. Govr. warns a Council. I knew not the
Cause, but being sensible of the Drought resolv'd to move
that a Fast might be apointed. Went to Mr. Wads-
worth, Mr. Pemberton, my Son: All aprov'd of it: Would
have spoken to all [the Ministers?] in Town, but it grew
Noon, and very hot, which prevented me. Prepared Mr.
Secretary, Bromfield. Got Mr. Comissary to speak in
Council. It was pass'd, and the Govr sign'd a sheet for
it Sept. 2. Mr. Secretary drew it up by Candle-light,
desiring my Assistance. I carried it to the printers that
night. I knew nothing of Mr. Attorney's Remonstrance,
till I heard it read.
Augt. 21. I presented Capt. Williams, my son, Mr.
Pemberton each of them with a Psalm-book of the newest
1 She was Hannah, daughter of Rev. Urian Oakes, and wife of Rev.
Samuel Angier. For her descendants, see Paige's History of Cambridge,
p. 481. -- EDS.
2 Tichfield is in Hampshire, south-east of Bishopstoke where Sewall
himself was born. --EDS.
16 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [ 1714.
Edition.l Mr. Pemberton's and my Son's 4. 6d. price
bound very neatly in Kid's Leather.
Augt. 23. Great Shews of Rain, cold easterly wind;
but a very
few drops. I hear at
Rain, and so half way to
Midweek, Augt. 25. I went to Brooklin, visited son
and daughter Sewall, Hanah Gave her Cakes, and a new
18d Bill. As I came home I visited Madam Dudley, Cous.
Wm. Dumer. Coming home Mr. Jno Colman came up
with me, and told me of the very great Sickness of the
Rever'd Mr. Peter Thacher.
Augt. 26. Amiable useful Deacon Atwood dies between
10. and 11. m. After Sermon a note was put up. Mr.
Bridge in his prayer made an honorable mention of him;
praying that God would sanctify the awfull Stroke in re-
moving one very usefull to the Town, one of the props
Just at night I call'd to Mr. O. Thacher riding home,
who tells me his Father is much worse than he had been;
desires my prayers for him. This was at Silence Allen's.
I came home through the comon, met Mr. Walter and his
wife, desired his prayers; and for me. He said we had
lost a good Deacon. Said when come to my Age must
expect to dye. The Lord prepare me and teach me more
to Lean on him when creature-props fail. Extream hot.
Sixth-day, Augt. 27. Meeting was at Madam Willard's.
Began about 2. p. m. Son pray'd, Mr. Bridge more
1 Probably this was "The Psalms Hymns and Spiritual Songs of the
Old and New Testament, faithfully translated into English Meeter." The
edition was printed at
Probably Sewall bought either the fifteenth or sixteenth edition. This was the
of 1758), was made in 1640, by Richard Mather, Thomas Weld, and John
Eliot; and afterwards revised by Henry Dunster and Richard Lyon. He
owing to its merits, "I found in
Congregations prefer'd to all Others in their Publick Worship, even down to
1717 when I
last left that Part of the
1714.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 17
largely; Mr. Pemberton preach'd from Exod. 33. 15. If
thy presence -- made a very good Discourse; then
pray'd. Sung the 121. Ps. I set the Tune of the 119th.
Col. Tyng was there.
Seventh-day, Augt. 28. Deacon John Atwood is buried;
was a Great Funeral. Mr. Cook and Col. Hutchinson
went next the Relations; Sewall, Addington; Em Hutch-
inson, Townsend; Mr. Comissary, Mr. Stoddard -- Bur
ied at the North; is much Lamented.
Lord's-day, Augt. 29. Beard arrives, who brings the
Act of Parliament against Dissenters keeping School;
which ordains that no Catechism shall be taught in
Schools, but that in the Comon prayer Book.
I could not observe that Mr. Pemberton so much as
used the Comon form of praying for him that was to
speak in the Afternoon:1 only pray'd God to be with us in
our coming together.
I supose Mr.
dyed the day the Royal Assent was given to the Bill
against the growth of Schisme. Dy'd by a fall from his
Horse riding to preach at Nantwich, being on a visit at
John Banister died at Banbury, June 23. Sam. Sewall
Jabez Salter from
Augt. 30. Govr violently oposes the Petition of Oulton
and Powell. Mr. Comissary brought the discourse of it
forward (twas fil'd when I was not there). Mr. Daven-
port mentioned that Capt. Moodey might be served with
a copy of it. Govr said Mr. Moodey was an Honest Man.
Said to Mr. Comissary, If should petition to ly with your
wife would you grant it. Com. said he would not con-
sent. At last twas done, viz. what Mr. Davenport mov'd.
1 The disturbed cordiality of fee1ing between Sewall and his senior pastor
made the former sensitive to the omission of any reference to his son, who
was to preach in the afternoon. -- EDS.
2 Matthew Henry, the Expositor. -- EDS. VOL. III. 2
18 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1714.
Presently after the Council, Capt. Moodey went with the
Govr to Mr. Dudley's.
Augt. 31. I read the Act against Schism at Selby's
Coffee-house. About 4. p. m. visited Mr. Peter Thatcher,
dial: got home well a little after 9. Laus Deo. Carried
him two China Oranges. Says he was 63 years old the
18th. July last.
Septr. 1. His father calling me before I was up, I go
and pray with his son, William Bairstow, who he fear'd
Midweek, 7r. 1. Madam Elisa Savage buried;1 Bearers,
Winthrop, Cook; Sewall, Addington; Belchar, Bromfield.
All the Ministers had Scarvs. Dr. Increase Mather very
kindly inquired after my Daughter Hanah: I had ac-
quainted him with her broken Bone. Dr. Cotton Mather
shew'd a Letter that Reported Mr. Henry's Death. The Dr.
saith that Mr. Wats is also dead. Discours'd of the
Act against Schisme.
Sixth-day, 7r. 3. Cunable sets up our new Window on
the North-east side of our Bed-chamber, a little to en-
lighten the darkness of it.
7r. 6. Visited Mrs. Lord under her Indisposition at the
widow Dyer's. Went to the Meeting of the owners of
the Salt-works2 at the Still-Tavern. Col. Byfield was there.
Agreed to pay £10. apiece towards a Boylery; the said
buy Iron pans in
7r. 9. Now about Col. Byfield visits me in the evening.
Saw him come out of Mr. Harris's as went to Lecture.
7r. 11th. I set out for
so hot and
late that Lodg'd at
1 Mrs. Elizabeth Savage was daughter of Joshua Scottow, and widow of
Thomas Savage, Jr. She died Aug. 29, 1714, aged about sixty-seven, say
in his Dictionary, IV. 27, prints the year as 1715.
2 See Vol. I. p. 457, note. -- EDS.
1714.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 19
7r. 12. Rid with Capt. Billings to Mr. Man's. See his
Sermons. Lodg'd at Capt. Wear's.
7r. 13. Set out early in the Fog, for Rehoboth. Baited
at Millar's: Overtook Mr. Corwin at Carpenter's, and
together. Were met by the Sherif at
7r. 14. Are inform'd by Mr. Collamor of the sickness
of Mr. Justice Thomas, which prevented his coming. Mr.
James Hale pray'd at the opening of the Court.
Friday, 7r. 17. p. m. News was, brought to us of the
Queen's death as we sat on the Bench.1 Chapman told it
Mr. Corwin; and he standing up with a very sad coun-
to me, Sad News! I was afraid
burnt again. Mr. Sparhawk and 2 other Gentlemen
brought it. After the Court's Adjournment sine die,
went and discoursed Mr. Sparhawk at his house.
7r. 18. I visited Capt. Davis, His wife though abed
desired to speak with me; I went to her. She is greatly
distress'd in Mind, the Lord Calm and Comfort her.
Set out about 10. m. Col. Pain, and Mr. Mackintosh
accompanied me out of Town. Col. Pain went on, for
company's sake. I went with him through Febe's Neck;
tis a pleasant Road and but little further, saw Mr. Hale's
Meetinghouse. Din'd at Millar's. went on to Slacks, who
had good English Hay. Sent Mr. Shortt the News; he
had not heard it before.
7r. 19. Heard Mr. Short.
7r. 20. Din'd at
preaching the day before. At
1 In the "Magunkaquog" volume is the following entry: "As we were
upon the Bench in the Afternoon, News was brought of the Queen's Death,
Augt. 3d. Had the News at Osburn's before Sunset in a Letter from my Son,
Mr. Joseph Sewall, which Mr. Sparhawk brought and of the Proclamation
George the same Day, Duke of
20 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1714.
Proclamation [of George I.] was to be on Wednesday;
which Major Spurr confirm'd. Got home before Sunset
and found all well. Laus Deo.
7r. 23. Govr calls a Council where I heard of Mr. Sec-
7r. 22. Midweek; Proclaim'd; and took the Oaths.
Din'd at the Green Dragon. Dr. Mather crav'd a Bless-
ing; Mr. Pemberton return'd Thanks. I ask'd the Govr
if he had Business for the Council; He said No; so I went
home, not going up into the Council-Chamber.
7r. 23d. It seems Mr. Jonathan Belchar makes a great
super, at which were the Govr, Andrew Belchar esqr, Jn°
Higginson Esqr, Penn Townsend esqr., Addington Daven-
port esqr, Benjamin Lynde esqr., John Clark esqr. Thomas
Hutchinson, Addington, Sewall, Eliakim Hutchinson,
Bromfield, nor the Lieut. Govr were not there, nor in-
vited any of them that I know of; nor any warning of a
Council: This I knew not of till the Lord's-day after.
7r. 24. Friday, I went to Charlestown Lecture; heard
Mr. Stevens preach. Din'd. with Col. Phillips, where
din'd also Madam Usher, Townsend. Visited Mr. Stevens
and wish'd his wife Joy. Visited Mr. Bradstreet (He in-
vited me to Diner though twas not his Lecture), Madam
Bradstreet not well, nor her little Son. The widow Fos-
ter, Mr. Isaac Foster's Mother, died Wednesday night just
as it began to Rain, aged about 87. years.
7r. 26. My son of Brooklin, who came hither on Tues-
day, by reason of his Indisposition, goes not abroad. David
fetched him in a Coach.
7r. 29. I was not aware the Govr was in Town: Went
not out till past 3. p. m. Enquir'd and found him with;
the Council to my surprise. Mr. Davenport had been
swearing the Deputies who were more than forty. Saw
Mr. Adams in the street, he thank'd me for my Book and
Letter. Invited him to Dinner.
1714.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 21
Just before night attended the Funeral of Mr. Wain-
wright's child. I hapened to sit just by Mr. Jona Bel-
char. Told him Mr. Gookin was Married in that room.
7r. 30. Dr. Mather preaches from PS. 68, 33. He
doth send forth his voice, a mighty voice. In speaking it
the 2d time, he said 78. which puzzled me in finding it.
Govr and Lieut Govr, Mr. Winthrop at Meeting. Mr.
the dangerous sickness of my dear Friend Mr. James
7r eleventh, as he was riding home from Lyme. Had been
at the Comencement. I was hindered by Mr. Glover, re-
ceived 134£, and taking up his Mortgage: so that I went
not to Council this day.
Octobr. 1. Rains hard, went not to Council. Had
something of a Flux: And tis not agreeable to me that
the Court should meet before the 20th. Inst, the day they
were Prorogu'd to. I fear the precedent will be bad.
And I find it difficult to intermeddle in Addresses. In the
evening Cousin Quinsey calls, sups and tells me the pro-
ceedings of their House upon the Council's sending to them
to join in a
Comittee, B. Lynde, Clark,
dress the King to continue the Govr, Lt Govr, and Secre-
tary in their Posts. Non-Concur'd. Sent again from the
Board. Mr. Pierce of
ing the Deputies would not Reconsider it. Then the
Govr told the Council they intended Good: but now they
should be Hurt by it: were White paper before; but
now were blotted. Call'd Mr. Secretary to him into the
Closet, and then Capt. Belchar. Then adjourn'd the
Council to Monday 2 p. m.; desired all to attend.
8r. 3. Mr. Eliphalet Adams sits in the pulpit a. m. and
preaches with us p. m.
8r. 4. Council meets Govr; after other things past,
opens the matter of the Address. Then Govr, Lt Govr,
Secretary withdraw. Council seemed unanimous that for
22 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1714.
them 12 in n°, to do any thing would be inconvenient; it
fallen when offer'd in the
8r. 5. I wait on the Lieut Govr, visit Mr. William
Homes,1 Mr. Thomas Craighead, Ministers, in order to
know what was best to be done as to the ship's coming
up. Carried them a Bushel Turnips, cost me 5s and a
Cabbage cost half a Crown. Dined at the Castle Lt Govr
also invited Mr. Homes. Mr. Stanton the Chaplain was
gone a Guning; I left this Distich for him.
Imbres nocturni decorant Regalia Lucis:
Rex populum, tanquam Gramina tonsa, riget! [?]
8r. 6. Mr. David Hayns dines with us. He assures
me he has found the Bound of the Farm beyond Wadchu-
set, comends it, and will run out the Line when the Leaves
are fallen. Gave him the Bounds of Quanssicamon Farms
that he may review and refresh them.
Octobr. 7. Thorsday: Overseers' Meeting in the Coun-
cil Chamber after Lecture. Order'd that Treasurers must
give Bond, for the faithful discharge of their Trust. Mr.
Tho. Robie confirm'd as Fellow, Mr. John White as
Octob. 19. Went to the Salt works and Run the
Bounds: I made a pillar of Stone about the Stake by our
Causey. Mr. Sheaf assisted with a Chain and compass:
came away to Lt. Tho. Salter's Funeral.
Midweek Octob. 20. New
1 These were perhaps missionaries. Allen says that Rev. William Homes
there; returned to
He came here again in 1714, and settled at Chilmark, where he died, June
20, 1746, aged eighty-three. -- EDS.
2 The New North was founded by "seventeen' substantial mechanics."
Mr. John Webb was the first pastor, his successors being Peter Thacher,
Andrew Elliot, John Elliot, Francis Parkman, &c. In 1721, a difficulty
arose about settling a colleague to Mr. Webb, and a secession occurred, the
seceders building the New Brick meeting-house. Mr. William Waldron was
the first minister there. -- EDS.
1714.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 23
Increase Mather read their Names and Covenant which
they had Subscrib'd, and they took their Assent to it, then
voted their choice of Mr. Webb. Gave him his charge,
He, Dr. C. Mather, Mr. Bridge, Mr. Pemberton Laying on
their Hands. Dr. C. Mather gave the Right Hand of Fel-
lowship. Govr was there, Mr. Speaker and many of the
Court. Only the Four Churches in Town sent to. Mr.
Webb's Text, He was a Burning and a Shining Light;
were entertain'd at Mr. Seers's. Lt Govr not there.
Capt. Turfrey was buried, this Afternoon. I was not
there because the Govr made his speech by Candle-light.
Mr. Colman prays at opening the Court, Thorsday, Fri-
23. A comittee brought in somthing about Piscataqua.
Govr said he would give his head in a Hand-Basket as
soon as he would pass it.
25. -- Mr. Sewall prays. Genl Nicholson comes to
Town. 26. heard not of the King's Accession till he
came to Marble-head. Boards with Capt. Southwark.
27. A Church is gathered at Ipswich Farms as at Bos-
ton last week. Mr. Gerrish gave the charge to Mr. Wig-
glesworth. Mr. Wise the Right Hand of Fellowship,
much aplauding the N. English venerable Constitution.
Mr. Rogers pray'd.
Joseph Avery ordain'd.
29. Day apointed for officers, Mr. Davenport spake
against it, when Govr nominated Mr. Ebenr Allen of the
Vinyard for a Justice: said should soon hear from Eng-
land. So all fell. Lt Govr seconded him. Lt Govr told
me Capt. Hale was to be made a Justice.
30. I forget to call my son to prayer. Deputies con-
curr'd with the Council to emit 50000£.1 Chief-Justice
1 In bills of credit, to be put into the hands of trustees, to form a capi-
tal for a sort of public bank. See Palfrey, IV. 334. For the Act, see
24 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1714.
said twas contrary to the Statute of Mortmain. I an0-
swer'd, twas quite on the other side, for this was all for
the Publick benefit.
31. Plenty of Rain last night. Mr. S. preaches for
Dr. Mather m. and he preaches with us p. m with great
vigor, Mat. 20. 4, 5. Mr. Mayhew preaches for Mr.
Novr. 1. Jarvis arrives, brings News of the King's
being at Helvet Sluys waiting for a wind. He came from
Plimouth 7r. 15. Suposes the same wind carried the King
Mr. Webb prays.
Novr. 5. Now about had a Conference about Piscataqua
Duties. Govr persuaded to Moderation; a Treaty with
them by Comittees. I am a Massachusets man: -- Comit-
tee is agreed on. They Give the Govr £250. By Can-
dle-Light tbe Govr sends in and Dissolves them by the
Secretary. Govr ask'd the Council's Advice, but I think
had it not.
Monday, Novr 8. Set out for
P. Dudley in the Governour's Chariot from the Town-
House to the
ley in a Calash. Din'd at Lewis's, had a Comfortable
Journy. No Sheriff met us. Lodge at Brother Hirst's
because of Brother's preparation for Cousin Margaret's
[The following additional entries are in the Magunkaquog volume. ]
* Nov. 8. 1714. Rains much in the Night. Snows hard in the
morning, yet clears up. Ride with Mr. Attorny in the Governour's
the Ferry. Set out from
11. David waits on us. Have a very good dinner at Lewis's, boil'd
Beef and very good Roast Fowls. Mr. Ogilvy, his wife and others
there. Mr. John Barnard de Diacono came in, and Returned
Thanks. Get to
shut up. By Consent of all Lodg'd at Bror. Hirst's. He came and in-
vited me. Cous. Margaret is just upon her Marriage. 9r. 9th. Had
comfortable Night's Rest. Laus Deo.
1714.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 25
Lynde. Grand Jury, Mr. Simon Willard, Foreman, 18. One Jury
Trial only, Mr. Nathanl Marston, Foreman. Stacy vers. Savage,
Apeal. Hinde against Dimond, Apeal. About riding a Horse un-
mercifully in a Storm, till he died. For Hinde, costs, Six pounds,
9s. Former Jury set the Horse at £5 specially, and the Court gave
Judgement for the Defendant.
Nov. 10. 1714. Lent to David Sinclar a Conecticut 40s Bill of
Credit, £2. O. O.
Col. Hathorn, Mr. Noyes, Mr. Green, Mr. Corwin, Mr. Chever, Mr.
Thorsday, Nov. 11. Col. Sam. Brown invites me to Diner. Go
with my Brother on board the Hampshire, Merchant, Abel Combs,
ready to sail for
120 Tuns Burden. Din'd with Col. S. Brown, where were Major
Brown and his Lady, Mr. Justice Corwin, Lynde, Mr. Noyes, Mr.
Cooke and his wife. Had a very noble Treat. In the Evening Mr.
Noyes Married Mr. John Higginson, Widower, and Mrs. Margaret
Sewall. Parents of the Bride-groom and Bride present, and Capt.
Gardener and his Son, Capt. Gardener, Bro. Hirst and his wife and
daughter, my Grand-daughter Mary Hirst. Sung 5 Staves of the
from Myrrh Aloes1 to the end. I set
Novr. 9th. Though had but four or five Actions could
not finish the Court. Cous. Storke dines.
Novr. 10. Mr. Noyes prays. The Jury increase the
Judgment against Capt Arthur Savage, even beyond the
writ; sent them out signifying that both were in fault,
might Lessen the Judgment. Adjourn'd to Pratt's, and
there sine die.
Mr. George Corwin preach' d a very good Sermon. Mr.
Thorsday Novr. 11. Brother and I went with Mr.
Storke on board the Hampshire, Merch't Abel Combs
Master. They sail'd about one a-clock. In the Evening
1 Bay Psalm Book, Ps. xlv. 8: --
"Myrrhs Aloes and Cassias smell
all of thy Garments had." -- EDS.
26 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1714.
Mr. Noyes. Marryes Mr. Jn° Higginson, and cousin Mar-
garet.1 Parents of Bridegroom and Bride present. And
Capt. Gardener, the Bridegroom's Father-in-Law, and his
son Capt. Gardener, honored the Wedding with their
presence. Mr. Noyes pray'd. After sung 5 staves of the
45. Ps. from Myrrhe Aloes.
Friday, Novr 12. I set out for
Rain'd pretty hard before David and I got to Lewis's (Mr.
Din' d there. Mr. Epes and his Wife and children met us
there, so wet, and children crying, that resolv'd to lodge
at Lewis's. Are removing to
Snow and Rain on our backs; yet it beat on the fore-part
of the Calash, and wet us pretty much. Ferry-boat was
just ready; Got home comfortably about 10. Minutes
after Five; shifted stockings and shoes. Though had my
heavy cloak on; yet hardly ever felt less weariness in
walking from the Ferry, home; where find all well; Laus
Monday Novr 15. Town is full of the sad News of the
Packet's being Cast away.
Novr. 16th. Meet the Proprietors of Dunstable at the
Green Dragon. After that had a Meeting of the Comis-
Novr. 18. Mr. Bridge preaches the Lecture. Obiter,
shew'd twas but Just that should have a Charitable opin-
ion of each other.2
1 John Higginson, 3d, of
11, 1695, who died June 24, 1713. He married secondly, Nov. 11, 1714,
Margaret, daughter of Captain Stephen Sewall. He died April 26, 1718,
aged forty-two years. -- EDS.
2 In looking over the notes of the many sermons heard by Judge Sewall,
which he thought worthy of a sketch, a reader can hardly fail to observe the
simple, fiat, and commonplace character of the remarks or emphatic points
which he reports from the preachers. He evidently loved simplicity in the
pulpit. But some of the sermons must have been a little more profound and
sinewy. -- EDS.
1714.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 27
Novr. 24. Very cold day. Mr. George 1 laid in my
Tomb till Madam George have an oportunity to build
one. Bearers, Tho.
Fitch, Danl Oliver; Jn° Colman, Grove Hirst. Was a
Well-accomplish'd Merchant, and apears to have been a
good Christian, desirable, usefull Man. All the Ministers
Novr. 25. Thanks-giving day; very cold, but not so
sharp as yesterday. My wife was sick, fain to keep the
Chamber and not be at Diner.
Lord's-Day, Novr 28. Rains very much. Have the
Lord's Super at the New North, which is the first time.
My son preaches there in the After-noon.
Novr. 29. Mrs. Barrel buried. Col. Hutchinson and I
follow'd next the Women. I told him twas that day Five
years since we Landed at the
Novr. 30. Now about a Letter is written to the Agent2
to direct him to oppose the Bankers, or stay them till Ad-
for that end. Govr urges it with considerable Warmth,
but much of the Letter that was drawn by the Governour,
was not sent, not agreed to. I perceive the Bankers de-
sign to petition at home for a Charter of Incorporation;
which may be a matter of very great Concern to this
Decr. 1. Brother Moodey comes to Town to get an
Agreement drawn up in order to his intended Marriage
with Mrs. Abigail Fryer: Her Maiden name was Frost.
Governour tells me of Mr. Pierpont's death at New Ha-
ven, a very great Blow to that Colony, and to all New-
1 Doubtless John George, merchant, of
daughter of Rev. Samuel Lee. See Vol. I. p.148, note. The widow mar-
ried Dr. Cotton Mather, July 5, 1715, as his third wife, and survived him.
2 Jeremiah Dummer. See Palfrey, IV..335. -- EDS.
28 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1714.
Mather each of them an Angel.1 Decr. 2. To Mr. Pem-
berton ditto. Some days agoe to Mr. Holms and Craig-
Decr. 4. Brother Moodey returns homeward.
Decr. 5. Capt. Thomas Richards dyes.
Monday, Xr. 6. The Govr calls a Council, and pro-
that if no orders arrived this Assembly might be in a
readiness for the Election: If the Govr falls he will fall
upon the Lieut Govr.; 3 and who shall grant writts to call a
or if they doe, who will obey them?
Townsend said, An Assembly had been called without
Govr or Lieut. Govr. 4 I said I hop'd orders would arrive
to prevent all Disputes. The News-Letter of this day,
mentions the Assembly's sitting Xr. 15.
Dec'r 7. Superr Court sits, Mr. Pemberton prays; Son
dines with the Court at the green Dragon.
Xr. 8. Son prays: no Minister dines with us.
Dec; 9. Mr. Colman preaches, Dr. Cotton Mather
dines: Genl Nicholson, Lt Govr, Col. Hutchinson, Towns-
end, Dumer, Mr. Sam1 Lynde, Capt. Edward Brattle.
Govr was invited, but came not to Town. Capt. Steel is
1 About ten shillings English. -- EDS.
2 "There were only two ordinary sessions of the General Court this Year,
both of which acts were passed. The Court was called together in a
Special Session upon the arrival of the tidings of the death of Queen
Anne, that the members might take the oath of allegiance, and adopt
an Address to King George, and sat from the twenty-ninth of September to
the second of October, when it was dismissed, no acts having been passed.
The Assembly again convened on the twentieth of October, in accordance
with the prorogation, and was dissolved on the fifteenth of November. On ~
the tenth of November, writs were issued for a new Assembly to convene on
the fifteenth of December, but on the sixth of December, this Court was
prorogued by proclamation, to the nineteenth of January, before which day
it was dissolved
in the same manner." Province Laws,
3 Sewall's meaning seems to be that the Governor intimated that his own
fall would involve equally the fall of the Lieutenant-Governor. -- EDS.
4 See Palfrey, IV. 339. --EDS.
1714.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 29
told that if
he expected the
must speak in time before they were dismiss'd: He ex-
press'd himself for it, and Mr. Valentine his Attorny.
Then I declar'd my Opinion for the Grand-Jury and said,
I would not sit too Try Capt. Steel except it were brought
on that way. I think at Pattens Mr. Attorny show'd
Genl Nicholson's Letter to him expecting his aprobation
of the Information, and that the Govr had directed him to
follow the General's Direction.1
Decr. 10. Grand-Jury brings in Ignoramus upon Capt.
Steel's Presentm't. Just before Diner, the Govr and Coun-
cil come in and take the Right Hand, and the Court &c.
the Left: Grand-Jury had the seats at our end, Mr. Wm
Torrey, the Fore-man, sat at the extremity of ours. Mr.
Sheriff Read the Proclamation in his place, I think Genl
Nicholson desired it. Mr. Secretary having made the In-
troduction; Had not been any Gen'l Meeting since re-
ceived the Letters which the Packet brought: so did it
Supream Lord of the Massachusets. We have had this to
Ballance our Court's being Remov'd to December, that
we have had the Honor of the King's being Proclaim'd in
it. Capt. Blacket and Mead were at the Proclamation.
But Capt. Mead only Din'd with us.
The Grand-Jury dismiss'd.
Saterday, Decr. 11th. only Sewall, Thomas, and Lynde hold
the Court. Mr. Justice Corwin is gone home; Chief Jus-
tice indispos'd. Mr. Tay's Jury bring in their verdict for
Jackson Confirmation for building five Pues in the
Wooden old Meeting house, set a-work by Elisha Cooke
esqr. the Father. Mr. Justice Lynde ask'd some ques-
tions of the Jury with a seeming dissatisfaction. I said I
thought they had done Right. Mr. Thomas whispered
1 A criminal information is not founded on an investigation by a Grand
Jury. -- EDS.
30 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1714.
me in the ear, He thought they had done Right, though
and declares the Verdict.
Lord's-Day, Xr. 12. Neither Capt. Belchar, nor Capt.
Williams abroad: my Son reads the Psalm.
Xr. 13. I visit Capt. Williams, who has been very
sick ever since last Wednesday. Tells me he was 71
years old that day my son was ordain'd. Desires Prayers.
Visit Deacon Marion, who has kept house many days.
Decr. 14. Mr. Secretary leaves the council by reason
of pain in his bowels, goes to his House of office, and
there voids a great quantity of Blood; call'd his Indian
Girl: but she could not suport him but that he fell down
in the way to the house and more help came and led him
in. If this Cedar should fall, twould make the Province
Decr. 17. Mr. Secretary is in Council again. 'Tis voted
that the Platt of Canada River which Capt. Southack has
made; be presented by our Agent, he to ask the Favour
of Genl Nicholson's company in doing it.
Decr. 17. Mr. William Cooper preaches at Mr. Pem-
berton's Meeting, from the 4th. Ps. Lift up the Light of
thy Countenance -- Prays and preaches excellently. Mr.
Colman was there.
Decr. 18. Mrs. Judith Winslow1 buried; a widow of
near 90 years old, in the old Burying place: in a Tomb.
Bearers, Cook, Elisha Hutchinson; Sewall, Addington:
Oakes, Cutler. I returning Mr. Secretary told me he had
a bad Turn again last night. This day Mr. Hudson Lev-
1 Judith Winslow was second wife and widow of John Winslow, of Bos-
ton, who was
son of John, of
in October, 1683, leaving Judith half of his house and land while she con-
tinued his widow. For over thirty years she seems to have respected his
memory. -- EDS.
1714.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 31
erett's widow 1 is buried at Roxbury. She died at the
widow Tomson's house.
I visited Capt. Belchar, who is Confined by his sore
Midweek, Decr. 22. My Son Joseph and I visited my
Son at Brooklin, sat with my Daughter in the chamber
some considerable time, Drank Cider, eat Apples. Sarah
Cumin sat in the same Room on the Bed with her sore
Leg. Daughter said nothing to us of her Greivances, nor
we to her.2 Mr. Josiah Winchester, and Aspinwall were
by reason below with my Son upon Business.
Decr. 23. Dr. C. Mather preaches excellently from Ps.
37. Trust in the Lord &c. only spake of the Sun being
in the centre of our System. I think it inconvenient to
assert such Problems."
1 Very little seems to be known of Hudson Leverett, famous only for his
father and his son. His first wife was Sarah Peyton, who was alive in 1674
(Suff. Deeds, lib. 13, f. 384). The following documents show that he mar-
ried, secondly, about 1692, a widow, Elizabeth Myham, who survived him,
and whose death is here recorded. Leverett seems to have died poor, as his
son refused to pay his small legacies. In the settlement of the great Leverett
estate, it seems that he had at best a life interest in a part of his father's
The name of his wife, Myham, is plainly written on the will, but it is not
us. The name Mylam, Milam, or Milom, is
The will of Hudson Leverett, gent., is on file in Sufiolk Probate Office,
No. 1986, but is not recorded. It is dated Oct. 10, 1692. He mentions son,
John Leverett, daughter, Mary Leverett, son, Thomas Leverett. Gives to
wife, Elizabeth, £200 ; to "wife's daughter, my daughter-in-law, Elizabeth
Myham," £30; to cousin Esther Pawmer, £10. Son John, executor;
friends Richard Wilkins, bookseller, and Enoch Greenleafe, trunk-maker,
John Leverett, Dec. 1, 1692, executor, "declared his refusal of that trust,
not finding bona notabilia whereon to administer."
Suff. Deeds, Lib. 16, f. 368. Sept. 16, 1692, Hudson Leverett, for his
conjugal love and affection to Elizabeth, his present wife, gave to David
Adams, of Boston, blockmaker, and Abraham Adams, of the same, inn-
holder, as trustees for her, a note of Harlakenden Symonds for £30, and
also various household goods. Also six acres of land at New-London.
Aug. 8, 1694, the trustees delivered the same to her. -- EDS.
2 We have already noted the fact of the evidences of a disagreement be-
tween Samuel Sewall, Jr., and his wife, Governor Dudley's daughter. -- EDS.
32 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1714.
Decr. 25. Shops open, &c as on other days, very pleas-
ant weather. Capt. Williams buried; Bearers, Col.
Checkly, Capt. Hill, Mr. Tay, &c.
Mrs. Bradstreet of Newbury, her killing her Negro
woman is much talked of.1
Lord's Day, Decembr. 26. Mr. Bromfield and I go and
keep the Sabbath with Mr. John Webb, and sit down with
that Church at the Lord's Table. I did it to hold Com-
munion with that Church; and, so far as in me lay, to
put Respect upon that affronted, despised Lord's Day.
For the Church of England had the Lord's Super, yester-
day, the last day of the Week: but will not have it to-day,
the day that the Lord has made.2 And Genl Nicholson,
who kept Satterday, was this Lord's Day Rumaging
and Chittering with Wheelbarrows &c., to get aboard at
the long Wharf, and Firing Guns at Setting Sail. I
thank God, I heard not, saw not any thing of it: but was
quiet at the New North. I did it also to Countenance a
young small Church, and to shew that I was pleas'd with
them for having the Lord's Super once in four Weeks,
and upon one of the Sabbaths that was vacant.3 Had a
very comfortable Day.
Decr. 27. Very pleasant wether. My Son tells me
that Thomas Sewall went to the Church of England last
Satterday: He expostulated with him about it.
Decr. 28. Govr sends to my Son to invite the Ministers
to Diner to morrow: sends his Coach for the Doctors;
only Dr. Cotton Mather, Mr. Colman, Sewall, Webb,
1 Dr. Humphrey Bradstreet, son of Moses Bradstreet, was of Newbury,
and by wife Sarah had seven children, 1692-1713. He died May 11, 1717,
and his widow married, secondly, June 9, 1719, Edward Sargent. Coffin
(History of Newbury) refers to Sewall's Diary, but cannot add any light upon
this subject. -- EDS.
2 Another evidence of Sewall's unconquerable prejudice against a recog-
nition of Christmas-Day. -- EDS.
3 That is, when the rite was not observed in either of the other Meeting-
houses. -- EDS.
171 4/5] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 33
goe, all in Govr's Coach. Xr. 29 being a storm of
Midweek, Xr. 30. Mr. Bridge preaches, No Govr,
Lt. Govr, Chief-Justice; Jer. Dumer esqr. there.
Decr. 31. Very pleasant day after the Snow; visit Mr.
Mr. Addington, who takes Physick, though he took some
this week before; complains for want of Breath. Of his
own accord Talk'd to me, About the Circumstances of the
Government; what should do, if no orders should come
by the first of February: Said, ought to think before
hand; I consented with him and had some discourse. I
desired to see the Letter about the president of the Coun-
cil; and pray'd him to let me see the Act at large which
continues comissions for half a year after the Queen's
death. Son Gerrish and S. Sewall, de Stephana, visit us.
New-years-day, 1714/15. In the morning read in Course
that awfull portion of Scripture, Isa. 24. Mr. Addington
being at his office, shew'd me the Record of the Queen's
order dated May, 3. 1707, which is thus concluded:
"The Eldest Councillor who shall be, at the time of your death
or absence, residing within our said Province of the Massachusets
Bay, shall take upon him the Administration of the Government,
and execute our said Commission and Instructions, and the several
Powers and Authorities therein contained, in the same manner, and
to all intents and purposes, as other our Govr or Comander in Chief
should or ought to do, in case of your Absence, till your return; or
in all cases untill our further pleasure be known therein. So we bid
"By Her Majs Command,
1 We may set forth briefly the points of the difficulty about the govern-
ment at this time. News of the death of Queen Anne, on the 1st August,
1714, was received here on September 15th. The Hazard, sloop, sent with
orders to our government, was lost on Cohasset rocks, November 12th. The
commissions of the Governor and Lieutenant-Governor by law expired in six
months from the termination of the preceding reign, namely, on Feb. 1,
By the charter, the Council, or the major part of them, were to assume
34 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [171 4/5.
Visited Mrs. Kay. In the morning return' d Mr. Cut-
ler the Watch he gave me upon Trial this day Senight at
Capt. Williams's Funeral.
Jany 2. L. Day. My Son changes with Mr. Webb, by
which means I miss hearing him this day, and Decr. 26th.
Jan 10. Snowy day, Mr. Gee sends his Son to invite
me to Diner to morrow at his house.
Tuesday Jany 11th. went thither, where din'd Dr. Incr.
and Dr. C. Mather, Mr. Bridge, Mr. Wadsworth, Mr.
Capt. Martyn, Mr. Hallawell. It seems it was in remem-
his Landing this day at
captivity.1 Had a good Treat. Dr. Cotton Mather in
returning Thanks very well compress'd many weighty
things very pertinently. After Diner, notwithstanding
the Fogg, I visited Mr. Bradstreet; Madam Bradstreet
and her daughter remain very ill still. I gave him an
Angel to buy him a few candles. Got home well. Laus
Midweek, Jany 12. Genl Council. It being mov'd:
Council were of opinion the Genl Court was dissolv'd;
because Prorogued before met, which was not agreeable
to Charter. Now declared it to be dissolv'd. Govr men-
tioned the renewing Comissions. I mov'd to adjourn to
the government, which they did, on the presumption that the order in the text did not supersede the charter.
The supremacy of the Council was short, as on March 21st, Dudley dis-
played a new commission reinstating him, probably, ad interim.
March 17, 1715, Colonel Elizeus or Elisha Burgess was appointed Gov-
ernor, in England, and he remained there. His commission, with that to
the new Lieutenant-Governor, William Tailer, was published in Boston,
1715. Tailer then succeeded, and
£1,000, and Colonel Samuel Shute was made Governor, June 15,1716, with
William Dummer as his Lientenant-Governor. Shute arrived here Oct. 4,
1716. -- EDS.
1 Undoubtedly the host was Joshua Gee, Sr., father of Rev. Joshua Gee,
the colleague of Cotton Mather. See a reference in Vol. I. p. 199, to this
captivity. -- EDS.
171 4/5.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 35
the 2d Febr. But the Govr adjourned to the 26th Jany. I
mov'd that Lt Col. Somersby might be sent to transmit
a copy of his Inquest about Mrs. Bradstreet's Negro. Govr
oppos'd and check'd me, said twas to accomplish a diligent
search. Col. Noyes inform'd what was done, which gave
me occasion to speak. Mr. Pemberton and Mr. Colman
in their Lectures pray God to continue the Govr, if it
Jany 26. Genl Council; Govr offers a Proclamation to
be voted to continue all Officers till the K. pleasure
known. Mr. B. Lynde, Major Genl W., Col. Hutchinson
opos'd it. Consideration was desired till morning. Then
it was Negativ'd; but 2 or 3 for it. I spake for it on
Wednesday, saying it enter'd not into the Question act
[on account of ?] the 6. Moneths end. But now I voted
with my Brethren, for I saw twas so worded as to tie up
the hands of the Council from making any Alteration
though the Government should be devolved on them
next week. Went to visit Mr. Pemberton and wife: but
they were not at home.
Jany 30. Cold day. Mr. Pemberton prays that God
would Govern the Succession of the Government.
Jany 27. My Son preach'd to a numerous Congrega-
tion, finishing his Text, Blessed are the pure in heart.
Jany 31. There is a Sessions held in
Tuesday, February 1. As I was busy in signing Bills,
Mr. Bromfield came to me and desired me to go to the
Major Genl at Ten a-clock; they had some discourse yes-
terday at the Sessions, Several would be there. I got
thither about 11., was the first and were but 4. in all, as
I remember; Sewall, Em Hutchinson, Jos. Lynde Mr.
Bromfield. Agreed to call as many as we could together
at the Council-Chamber at 3. p. m. there met 12. viz.
Mr. Winthrop, Tailer, Elisha Hutchinson, Sewall, Jos.
Lynde, Em Hutchinson, Bromfield Winslow, Clark, Da-
venport, Hutchmson Thomas, Mr. Secretary. Col. Towns-
36 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [171 4/5.
end was at Roxbury, to hear his son That preaches. Col.
Phillips came not over; Mr. Comissary was indispos'd by
the Gout. Col. Lynde sent his son Phillips with the
Letters; we had Spoken of another. Mr. Bromfield had
spoken to Flag to warn them. Lt Govr, as I hear, en-
quir'd what the Major Genl had to do to warn a Council?
When were together in the Closet, I mollified a little by
saying we were not a Council, but some Gentlemen of
the Council met together upon an extraordrnary occa-
sion, which Mr. Tailer took up with, placidly; After a
pretty deal of Talk, I motion'd that we might send to the
Governour to enquire whether He had received any Or-
ders; which was readily agreed to. At last, when I could
shift it no
longer, Sewall, Jo. Lynde,
Hutchinson went into the said Hutchinson's Coach. Got
thither a little after Five, only the Governour's Lady was
there; Mr. Wm Dudley received us, and call'd the Govr.
After a-while I rose up, and began to do the Message,
Govr would have me sit down. The Message was this;
May it please your Excellency, whereas the Six Months
given by the Parliament of Great Britain, for continuing
persons in their Civil and Military Offices; do expire this
day: These are humbly to enquire whether your Excel-
lency has received Orders from our Soveraign Lord King
George, enabling you to sustain the place of Governour
of this Province longer? If you have receiv'd no such
Orders, we are of opinion that Authority is devolv'd upon
His Majs Council, by the direction of our charter; and
that we are oblig'd in obedience thereunto, and for the
welfare of His Majesties Subjects here, to exert our selves
We humbly thank your Excellency for your good Ser-
vices done this people which are many; and for your
Favour to our selves in particular, and take leave to sub-
scribe our selves your Excellency's most humble and
17l 4/5.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 37
Note. I had drawn this up, but they would vote but
what is on the other side.1
I intended it as a Letter: But they would have it by
word of Mouth. So I shew'd not the paper. The Gov-
ernour's Answer was, I have received no Orders: and ex-
press'd an Aversion to enter into discourse. I said, If was
out of the Province, this much more. Govr said that
was a Jest; might be out of the Province at a great dis-
more to be
at Cascobay, than at
to me, saying, Judge Sewall. 'Twas Candlelight, went to
the door and crav'd Excuse for not going to the Gate.
And sent no body with us.
Govr said there were Thirty Canada Indians at Piscata
qua, he was listening after it.
When return'd, found our Company Waiting for us.
When we had related the Governour's Answer, and they
perceived by his declining to argue the matter, he de-
hold his place, it put the Gentlemen to it.
seem'd to be of that mind; Mr. Winthrop would have had
the Secretary write Letters; but he said, 'Twas no Coun-
cil he could not doe it. I said Let us write and all sub-
scribe. Mr. Winthrop was so knockt that he said it could
not be done, if the Secretary declin'd. The Lt Govr and
Secretary left us. At last resolv'd to Write, and writ
Five Letters; To Situate, Marble-head, Salem, Ipswich,
Newbury. Gave the Northern Letters to Col. Lynde to
send from Charlestown by an Express. Gave Capt.
Cushin's to a Marshfield man whom Col. Winslow directed
us to; he to pay him for how much he went out of his
way. Time fix'd in the Letter sign'd by Ten, was two
a-clock p. m. Febr. 3.
1 Meaning what is on the other side of the leaf in his Journal, closing
with the word "accordingly." -EDS.
38 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [171 4/5.
Febr. 2. Went to the Meeting at Bror Thornton's, read
out of Mr. Shepard on the Virgins. They that were
ready went in: sung clauses out of the 45th Psalm.
Thorsday, Feb: 3. Very great Congregation; Dr.
Mather prays for them that had the Administration of the
Government; mentions neither Govr nor Lieut. Govr. Lt
Govr was present.
Thorsday, Febr 3. p. m. The Councillors met, whose
Names are to the Proclamation. Had long debate, drew
up votes to state the Question till I was weary. At last
voted the Devolution; only 2 or 3 that did not vote;
Then ordered 4. to acquaint the Govr what was done;
viz, Elisha Hutchinson esqr. Eliakim Hutchinson esqr.
Penn Townsend Esqr. and Josiah Winslow esqr. They
went though the night was pretty well enter'd. Many of
us stayed till they return'd: Govr said was not dead, nor
out of the province. Adjourned to the morning.
Friday, Febr. 4. Drew up a Proclamation; at my
going to Diner Col Hutchinson desired me to draw some-
thing, which I did, and 'twas agreed to with very little;
Note. I had said King William and Queen Mary of
Blessed Memory, I pleaded when spoken to, They were
our Founders. Lt Govr spake hard against it, unless the
same was said for Queen Anne, so twas struck out.
Mr. Secretary drew that in the English Letter: Mr.
Secretary first drew, till His Majesties Orders; which Mr.
B. Lynde and I opos'd, as that which bound up our hands,
from doing anything: so twas struck out. Publish'd it
by Beat of Drum. Paper was sullied with the Rain. Mr.
Hiller read it, out of the Council-Chamber Gallery; Col.
Checkley, Major Fitch, Capt. Abijah Savage &c. present.
Dr. Cotton Mather could not be found, Sent for Mr. Pem-
berton, who was at Capt. Winslow's, and he pray'd with us.
I should have noted, that Mr. Tailer Contested the prece-
dency with Mr. Winthrop, seeing he had had the Honor
171 4/5.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 39
to sit at the Board as Lieut Govr and that the order of
privy seal, a Copy of which he produc'd, was Dead. But
the Council carried it for Mr. Winthrop nemine Con-
Febr. 6. No Govr nor Lt Govr mentioned in our publick
This day I set Windsor Tune, and the people at the 2d
Tuesday, Febr. 8. I walk with Judge Palmer, Mr.
Danl Oliver, Capt. Keeling, Constable Wainwright, to
suppress Disorders. Gave widow Noaks 3s.
Febr. 9. Council; Col. Phillips, and Capt. Norden take
to the Devolution Government. I told
Phillips, we wanted him last week: He said his heart was
with us; but he was not well.
Febr. 10. Mr. Bridge preaches from Ps. 149. 2. Sung
the 47th Psalm.
Febr. 11th. Son preaches at Mr. Winthrop's.
Febr. 12. Last night Mrs. Bethiah Walley is brought
very little to Bed of a dead child.
Febr. 13. My wife goes to the Lord's Super. Richie
Love Recomended by Mr. Homes.
Febr. 14. I wait on Dr. Incr. Mather to have a Comis-
sioners Meeting appointed to morrow, at 3 aclock. But
when I came to Dr. C. Mather, he said should be em-
ploy'd in the Afternoon; so appointed it in the Morning:
Gave Flagg the List to warn, because Maxwell was Cast
out of the Church yesterday, and is superanuated.
In the Afternoon, Col. Townsend, Mr. Bromfield, Mr.
Mr. Addington, Davenport and I visited the Governour, who
Treated us with good Drink and Apples. No body went
with us to the Gate. Govr. Hunter's Proclamation comes
to Town dated Jany. 29. ordering those of pernicious prin-
ciples to be aprehended and punished, who assert that
Comissions are void at the end of the Six Moneths.
Midweek, Febr. 16. Council, Col. Otis, Capt. Cushing,
40 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [171 4/5.
Col. Noyes, and Wheelwright, Take the Oaths. Vote to
give New Comissions to Civil Officers.
Sign many Comissions. The
and Ministers meet at the Chief Justices in the evening
to speak about sending an Address, which is agreed to.
I visited Madam Coney and went from thence to the said
18. Dr. Cotton Mather, Mr. Pemberton, Colman, come
into Council and intimat what was discoursed last night at Mr.
Winthrop's. Council order me and Mr. B. Lynde to
give their Answer, viz, That 'tis agreeable to them, and
they wish it may be gone forward with. We went imedi-
ately but can't find them, went to Mr. Pemberton's, Col-
man's. At last as were going to Dr. Mather's, Mr. Lynde
call'd at his Brother's and found the Dr. there. We went
in, drank Tea, after we had done our Message. A comis-
sion was drawn and sign'd for Mr. Wm Dudley as Sheriff;
he was sent for to offer it to him, He said he had one
already from the Govr and Council and saw no reason to
take another, with a Little seeming Banter he said his
had a Seal, This had none.
Febr. 16. Bror. goes to Brooklin.
Febr. 19. A Comission is given to Mr. Wm Pain.
Note. Dr. Incr. Mather was at Mr. Wadsworth's Lecture.
Febr. 20. Excellent Wether. Mr. Pemberton not
abroad in the forenoon, yet preaches p. m.
Monday, Febr. 21. Son Sewall intended to go home
on the Horse Tom. brought, sent some of his Linen by
him: but when I came to read his wive's Letter to me,
his Mother was vehemently against his going: and I was
for considering. I took the Horse and rode to Timo Har-
ris of Brooklin. Staid there so long that twas almost
dark before I got to Roxbury. Meeting house, yet call'd
and saw Mrs. Mary Mighell. Visited Mr. Walter, staid
long with him, read my daughters Letters to her Husband
and me: yet he still advis'd to his going, home. Went
171 4/5.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 41
home in the dark between 7 and 8. My Wife can't yet
agree to my Son's going home.
Febr. 22. Lt Govr goes out of Town. Rains most
Febr. 23. Great Storm of Rain. Wind at North-east;
so that shall hardly have a Council to day.
Midweek, March, 2. Mr. Secretary offers a Draught
for a Fast. The President persuaded him to strike out
words about Establishment of the Government. Mr.
Tailer procured to have the Prince particularly men-
tion'd. I prevail'd to have Rain Specially inserted, and
gave the Words, which I prepar'd at Noon; carried it to
Midweek, March, 9. Mr. Secretary is in Council; Fore-
noon and Afternoon. I remember, I ask'd leave of him to
go to the Barbers, assuring him I would return presently.
Fifth-day, March, 10th. Mr. Secretary is taken with
fainting as he rose out of his Bed in the Morning: sunk
down. Taken agen at Noon. As went out of the Coun-
cil in the Morning, Mr. Davenport desired me to acquaint
Mr. Sewall who preach'd: but he was got into pulpit be-
fore I reach'd the Meetinghouse, so no publick Prayers.
March, 13. Mr. Secretary Pray'd for publickly.
Midweek, March, 16. Lt Govr comes to me in the
morning, shews me Mr. Dudley's case truly stated; 'twas
laid at his Steps. Councillors were much surpris'd: p. m.
sent for the Printers: before had done examining them, I
went away to the Funeral of my Grandson, Billy Hirst,
after I had acquainted the President.
March, 18. Being desired, I drew up a Proclamation.
Satterday, March, 19. Mr. Secretary Addington dyes
between 11. and 12. before Noon.1 Govr Dudley came to
visit him; but he was dead 1/4 of an hour before.
1 Isaac Addington, a son of a surgeon of the same name, and of Anne, a
Governor Leverett, was born in
42 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [171 4/5.
March, 20. Lt Govr. comes to my house, shews me the
printed Copy from the London Gazett in Govr Hunter's
hand at New-York. It seems Mr. Paul Dudley bestirr'd
himself to have his Father pray'd for as Govr, and that
the Order for the Fast might not be Read. Mr. Pember-
ton Spake to me as went by the foreseat in the morning.
I Spake against it as I could so on a sudden surprise, men-
tion'd the Exception, or provision be made. Mr. Sewall
pray'd as formerly. Mr. Pemberton ask'd if I had read
it, I said yes: Said he should have seen it! At Noon I
carried it to him borrowed of Mr. Newton: He had it of
Mr. Cambbell before, was reading it; Said he was amaz'd
I should speak as I did; twas as far from it as East from
West: New-England, he fear'd, would pay dear for being
Fond of Government. I say'd unless he knew those that
were Fond of Government he did ill so to Censure. Said
I came only to give him a sight of the Proclamation,
he might use his Freedom. He thank'd me and I went
P. m. Mr. Pemberton acquainted the Congregation
that he had received an Order for a Fast from Civil Au-
thority, he had it not with him, Spake of reading it next
Lord's Day. He never said a word that I know of,
though the President and Three other of the Council were
there, March 19, 1715. Though trained to the profession of his father, he
devoted himself to the public service, and was highly honored for his ability
and fidelity in several trusts in the interest of his native place. He was
He took an active part in the proceedings against Andros, Dudley, and
others of the Council in the revolutionary outburst in April, 1689, and,
temporary re-establishment of the popular government, he was chosen Secre-
tary of the Council of Safety. On the return of Dudley, and afterwards,
under the Governorship of his former prisoner, it wou1d seem that both were
willing that oblivion should settle on their former relations, for Addington
filled the office of Secretary till his death. He was a Judge of the Court of
Common Pleas from 1693 to 1702, and Chief-Justice of the Superior Court
in 1702-03. He was Assistant or Councillor from 1693 to 1714, and was
successively Clerk, Registrar, and from 1702 to 1715, Judge, of Suffolk Pro-
bate Court. -- EDS.
171 4/5.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 43
of his Church, and before him: he saw not fit to advise
with them. Pray'd for those that were or might be called
to the Government. A little before night Mr. Paul Dudley,
and Mr. Wm Dumer come to my house; call to Speak with
me. Mr. Dudley acquaints me that the Govr intended to
be here in Town about Eleven a-clock to publish the proc-
lamatlon, that I might be there; said would goe to every
one of the Council. I said, but is this sufficient, meaning
the Copy. His eyes Sparkled, Said he had no orders to
dispute, there had been great Friendship between him
and me. I said I had done nothing to forfeit it. As was
going out said his at father would come to Town with two
Troops of Horse.
In the evening most, or all the Councillors in Town
met at the Chief Justices. I ask'd whether, Or other
provision be made -- did keep the Council in the Govern-
ment? All seem d to express themselves satisfied, that
their Fatigue was almost over. Capt. Belchar said he
would hinder the coming of the Troops.
Monday, March, 21. Govr comes to Town with Four
Troops in stead of two. Twelve of the Council were
there at the proclamation. I was not there, I used to be
with Mr. Addington; and was griev'd at the forbidding
to read the Fast. i.e. Mr. P. Dudley writ to the Minis-
ters to pray for his father, and not to read the Order for
the Fast. I knew nothing of the Fast, till Mr. Pemberton
was declin'd reading it. Dr. Mather, Mr. Bridge, Mr. Webb
read it; Mr. Pemberton and Colman did not. Dr. C.
Mather said it was sign'd by the hon'ble Wait Winthrop
esqr. the president of the Council and 17. more of the
council, and Countersign'd &c.
Midweek, March, 23. Mr. Addington buried from the
Council-Chamber; twas a sad Spectacle; Bearers, Lt Govr,
Mr. Winthrop; Elisha Hutchinson, Sewall; Eliakim Hutch-
inson, Belchar. 20 of the Council were assisting, it being
the day for Apointing Officers. All had Scarvs. Bearers
44 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [171 4/5.
Scarvs, Rings, Escutcheons. Was laid in Govr Leverett's
Tomb. March 24. Mr. Bridge preaches the Lecture.
Friday, March, 25. Mr. B. Lynde and I take the
Hackney coach and wait on the Govr I wish his Excel-
lency good success in his Return to the exercise of his
Government; ask'd if had any Service to Plimouth;
entertain'd us very pleasantly, came with us to the Gate.
March, 26. Mr. Judge Lynde and I set out for Plimo.
Jn° Arcus waits on me; got comfortably to Mr. Randel's
March, 27. Mr. Eels preaches very well. Sup with
him. Give Sarah Witherel (now Hubbard) Ten Shillings.
Gave Mr. Eels some small Books. Earl Sacrament,1 Wads-
First Proclamation, Declaration, in the 5s. for Contribution.
March, 28. Set out for Plimouth with Briant, pretty
deal of Ram and Hail. Dine at Cook's. Sheriff with 9
in his Company come thither notwithstanding the Rain,
in which rode to Plimouth: Got thither about 5 p. m.
with little inconvenience, my Hood and Coat sat very well
about me. Laus Deo.
March, 29. Made Mr. Little Clark pro hac vice, Mr.
Cooke being sick of the Gout. Mr. Valentine at his com-
ing gives us
the News by Bermuda that came to
on the Lord's day, March 27. Col. Byfield stands vigor-
ously for the Government.
March, 30. Adjourn sine die. visit Mrs. Little (Hanah
Willard) very sick, desired my Prayers.
March, 31. Aedem intravi mane. After the exercise,
Mr. Cushman Sups with us; visit Mr. Thomas, and Mr.
Watson and wife: he not at home.
Apr. 1. Snows all day, whereby are kept at Plimouth.
Mr. Josiah Cotton, and Stedman dine with us. To Madam
1 Rev. Dr. Jabez Earl's Treatise on the Sacrament, 1707, often reprinted
(Allibone). -- EDS.
1715.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 45
Willard Twenty Shillings; Mr. Ephraim Little, Ten; To
the Sheriff's Attendants each a bound Book Wadsworth,
Earl, Colman Providence.1
Apr. 2. Set out homeward about 6. m. Baited Bair-
sto, Cushing, Mills. Got home about 6. p. m. Laus Deo.
Apr. 3. Dr. Incr. Mather preaches at the South p. m.
April, 7. Govr and his Lady at Lecture, Mr. Wads-
worth preaches, Mr. Pemberton being sick. Text Heb.1.
8. A Sceptre of Righteousness. Genl Council p. m.
Govr propounds Mr. Paul Dudley for Judge of Probat.
Ten No's; Eight yea's, as the Govr told them. Mr. Fitch
Justice, Mr. Jonathan Pool at
Apr. 8. Rains hard, abates about 5, which makes way
to attend the Meeting at Mr. Stoddard's, where Mr. Sewall
preaches; Mr. Colman is an Auditor.
Apr. 10. Mr. Holyoke preaches at the South p. m.;
Mr. Pemberton remains sick.
April, 12. Council settle Mr. Tucker's Estate of Rox-
bury. Govr is very pleasant, Speaks to Mr. Winthrop
and me to dine with the Ministers to morrow. Visit Mr.
Pemberton a 3d time.
Apr. 13. Swallows apear. Mr. Short sets out for
Newbury. The Govr, Chief Justice Winthrop, Sewall,
Townsend Dine with the Ministers at the Dragon. I sat
between Mr. Bridge and Mr. Thacher of Milton. Dr.
Incr. Mather crav'd a Blessing; Dr. C. Mather return'd
Thanks. Mr. Pemberton not there.
Apr. 14. Mr. Craighead preaches the Lecture in Mr.
Colman's Turn. Mr. Thacher of Milton, and Mr. Dan-
forth of Taunton dine with us. I visit Mr. Peter Dallie,2
who seems to be in a languishing dying Condition; has
kept house about 8. weeks. Mrs. Little died last Tues-
1 Rev. Benjamin Colman's Sermon on Mrs. Elizabeth Wainwright, 1714.
2 This was Rev. Pierre Daille, minister
He died May 21, 1715, in the sixty-seventh year of his age. -- EDS.
46 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1715.
day night. Council, at which gave 10. Discourses Capt.
Tho. Hutchinson, and Charlestown Gentlemen not there,
April, 21. News comes that Col. Burgess1 is to be our
Governour. Arriv'd just before Lecture, which is Mr.
J. Sewall's. Sarah Cumins was Married this day; This
News will damp my daughter of Brooklin her Triumph.
May, 2. Little Samuel de Josepho, born. Mrs. Whit-
May, 8. Baptised; The wet wether and my Indisposi-
tion caused me to stay at home; that I had not the
Satisfaction to be present at the Baptisme. I took cold
May, 1. which kept me at home all the time of the Court
the first week.
May, 24. Went with Col. Townsend to Roxbury Lec-
ture. Lecture visited the Govr, confin'd by his
Gout. His Excellency made a Dedimus to my self, Col.
Phillips, Col. Lynde, to give the Deputies the Oaths.
This was done before I knew of it. Rid home with Mr.
Comissary in his Coach.
1 Readers of Dr. Palfrey's admirable History of New England will re-
member the novel and characteristic feature of his method by which, when
tracing the measures of our local governments in our colonial and provincial
times, he constantly takes us back to the court and cabinet of the mother
country, to develop the influence which parties and intrigues there had
upon our own affairs and interests. Certainly, the aptness and significance
of his method in so doing were abundantly illustrated and justified by the
facts which be set before the reader. It was curious to note, in some of the
English judgments and criticisms on his work, when it was first noticed
abroad, that some slights and other than considerate and respectful com-
ments were passed upon the seeming assumption that our affairs could at the
time have had any serious interest for Englishmen, and that court intrigues
were at all influenced by any reference to our colonial concerns. None the
less was there very much of that reciprocal interaction. And the indifference
or contempt which seemed to characterize the feelings of most Englishmen
towards the colonies -- while there was in reality such a living tie of com-
mon interest between them received a fatting retributive penalty, when,
in the fomenting of the controversies which opened our revolutionary war,
even English statesmen were rudely aroused to a conviction, that it would
have been a wiser course for their cabinet had discreet policy taken the
place of trifling and intrigue. -- EDS.
1715.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 47
May, 25. Election-day; Col. Phillips, Lynde, and I
give the Deputies the Oaths. Mr. Jer. Shepard preaches.
Dine at the Green Dragon. Six left out; Phillips, Cor-
win, Townsend, Partridge, Saml Appleton, Noyes.
May, 26. The Deputies send the Election to the Govr
to Roxbury. His Return is, I Consent to the election of
Mrs. Councillors, except Nathanl Byfield Esqr.
May, 27. Friday, Col. Hutchinson, Sewall,
to go to Roxbury, and take the Oaths before the Govr in
his Bed-Chamber. Return to Boston, and administer
them to the Councillors.
May, 31. The Govr comes first to Town, was carried
from Mr. Dudley's to the Town-House in Cous. Dumer's
Sedan: but twas too tall for the Stairs, so was fain to be
taken out near the top of them. He vehemently urg'd
passing the Ministers' Motion for a Synod. Withdrew.
Brother Moodey for Newbury and Bror Northend for Row-
ley. Lodge at our House.
June, 6. Mr. Stephens preaches the Artillery Sermon.
Made a very good Discourse from Isa. 2. 4. Govr dines
not publickly, at the Dragon.
I should have mention'd the Smiting Plimouth Meet-
ing-house by Lightning June, 3. Friday, Capt. Warren
their Deputy came as far as Bairsto's May 24. Was
taken sick there, 25. Carried in a Horselitter to his
Son-in-law at Jones River, 26. to his own House at
Eel River, where he expired on the Lord's day night
Tuesday, June, 21. In the Forenoon Govr slgnifies his
Intention to prorogue the Court; had sat 4 weeks and
done nothing, were distemper'd. Bill for the Tax Read;
I express'd my desire that the voting of it might be left
to a longer time, at least to the Afternoon: but the Govr
would have it voted then; and it past in the Negative
because 'twas but for 11,000£. I voted not because of
great moment, and so suddenly call'd for. Deputies are
48 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1715.
sent for in, and the Court prorogued to the 20th July at
Friday, July, 1. p. m. I finish my work on the Bills of
Credit for £50.000. and carry the two last Bundles to
Col. Checkley, as I went to the Meeting at Capt. Habijah
Savages'; Told him I came to take Leave of him. Laus
Satterday, July, 2. I give Col. Hutchinson Mr. Col-
man's Book on the Virgins, in Consideration of his giving
me my Table. Cost 10s. I bought of Mr. Gerrish, Dyke
on Philemon for my Dear Wife.1 When I got home
was grievously surpris'd to find Hanah fallen down the
Stairs again, the Rotula of her Left Knee broken, as the
other was; and a great Gash Cut a cross her Right Legg
just below the Knee, which were fain to stitch. Much
blood issued out. The Lord Sanctify this Smarting Rod
to me, and mine! This cloud returning after the Rain!
Broke her Right Knee-pan the fifth of August 1714.
July, 3. Put up a Note for Hanah to be pray'd for, in
July, 4. Joseph prays with his sister in the Chamber.
July, 5. Mr. Pemberton prays with her.
July, 6. Went to the Funeral of James Salter, a Sober,
desirable Man of about 31 years old. I went with Mr.
Bridge, and as I came back, brought him in: He likewise
pray'd with Hannah.
This day it is Fifty four years Since I first was brought
6, 1661, Lord's Day. The Lord help me to Redeem the
Time which passes so swiftly. I was then a poor little
School-boy of Nine years and old. This day I have
written a Letter to my Cousin Joseph Moodey, student in
1 Rev. Daniel Dyke died about 1614, "a Puritan divine of great learning
and piety." Among his works Allibone mentions "Philemon, 1618, quarto."
1715.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 49
Harvard College, mending a Copy of his verses shewed
me by his Father. Two were thus alter'd :
Tempore, quaeso pater, libros mihi mittere dignes!
Musaeum vacuum est, et solus degere Cogor.
Transcrib'd my three Lines made to direct me in sign-
ing the Pound-plate.1
Dyke Ter signat Rubro, qui Tertius Ordine signat
Ultimus et primus gradiuntur passibus aequis.
Sent four Bills exemplifying it, and 2d Bill to make it
as the up Forty -- Praying God for his Blessing on his Academi-
cal Life concluded. Laus Deo. His Tutor Mr. Holyoke
carried it at last.
Friday, July, 8. Mr. Leverett the President comes to
our House, and we issue cousin Jno Quinsey's Business;
Dine here, and two Men that came from Dover to enquire
after Mr. Short.
July, 14. Son preaches out of Isa. 11. His Rest shall
be glorious. Mr. Stobo, and several other Carolina Min-
isters were Auditors. p. m. I visited Dr. C. Mather and
his new Wife2 at the house that was Mr. Kellond's. young
Mr. Rogers din'd with me.
July, 15th. Mr. Short calls early in his way to Dover.
In the evening I receive Sir William Ashurst's Letter
bringing the Remittance of Mr. Hopkin's Legacy.
1 The" Act for a new impression of the Bills of Credit on this Province,
passed June 25, 1714, empowered and directed a committee of six persons
specially named (of whom Sewall and Checkley were two), or any four of
the six, to cause to be imprinted, bills of credit to a stated amount, from
three plates, and to sign them. Sewall refers, in his Latin lines, to the
four signers and the three plates. Musaeum, in the distich, seems to mean
the College. Joseph Moody did not graduate till 1718. Edward Holyoke
was Tutor from 1712 to 1716, and became President in 1737. -- EDS.
2 Rev. Cotton Mather married, July 5,
1715, for his third wife,
widow of John George. Ante p. 27, note. -- EDS.
50 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1715.
July, 17. My son and Mr. Webb Exchange. Mr.
Pemberton not abroad in the Forenoon. Baptizes Mr.
Clark's Son John, p.m. Walk with Mr. Bromfield,
Const.[able] Thair &c., but were pretty much prevented
by the Rain: staid out tin near Sun-set.
July 21. Madam Cooke 1 dyes, Sleeping in her Chair
after Sore and strong pains. Was a pious worthy Gentle-
woman, born April 26, 1651. Married June 1668.
July 23, interred in Govr Leverett's Tomb in the Old
burying place. Bearers, Govr, Lt Govr; Winthrop, Elish
Hutchinson; Sewall, Em Hutchinson. Scarf, Ring, Gloves,
Escutcheon. Rain'd pretty much.
July, 24. Mrs. Ane Kay was buried; bearers, Sewall,
Checkley; Deming, Hill; Lewis, Langden. Aged 74.,
man's Calash. Mr. Brattle prays at opening the Court.
All the Justices there. Chief Justice dines not with us,
by reason of the Sickness of Madam Brattle.
July, 27. By candle-light Adjourn sine Die.
July, 28. Mrs. Brattle dies at 2 p. m.
July, 30. Mrs. Brattle 2 Buried; Bearers, President, Mr.
Angier; Gibbs, Wadsworth; Pemberton, Bradstreet. Fel-
lows Flint, Holyoke, Robie had Scarvs. After the women
followed Lt Govr Usher, Sewall; Jos. Lynde, Em Hutchin-
son; Tho. Oliver, Francis Foxcroft esqr. Twas Six a-clock
when came out of the Burying place; so I came Straight
home upon my Gray Horse; Saw a Rainbow in Charles-
town Market place. Caus'd the Shops to be shut up, as I
rode along. Got home very comfortably. Laus Deo.
1 She was Elizabeth, daughter of Governor John Leverett, and wife of
Elisha Cooke. -- EDS.
2 This was Elizabeth, daughter of Nathaniel Hayman, of Charlestown,
and first wife of Rev. William Brattle, of Cambridge. She died July 28,
1715. -- EDS.
1715.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 51
Twas a great Funeral, and would probably have been
much greater, but for the Abundance of Rain which fell
this day, and danger of more throughout the Afternoon.
Lord's Day, July, 31. My Son baptises Nathanael Be-
thune,1 James Salter and Anne.
Feria Secunda, Augt. 1. 1715. Dr. Increase Mather
visits us, Discourses in a very Friendly obliging maner.
At my desire prays with Hanah, and speaks Comfortably
to her: Prays for me, my Wife, eldest Son present, the
family. Laus Deo.
Feria tertia, Augt. 2. Fast at Mr. Colman's about Call-
ing another Minister. Mr. Wadsworth began with Prayer;
Mr. Colman preach'd from Ephes. 4. 8. 11. Excellently:
Censur'd him that had Reproach'd the Ministers as if they
were Gog and Magog; said would conclude as Zech. 3. 2.
The Lord rebuke thee Satan -- Mr. Bridge pray'd and
gave the Blessing.
p. m. Mr. Pemberton pray'd, Dr. Cotton Mather
preach'd from Isa. 5. 6. latter clause, I will command the
clouds &c. Excellently; censur'd him that had reproach'd
the Ministry, calling the Proposals Modalities of little con-
sequence, and made in the Keys; call'd it a Satanick in-
sult, twice over, and it found a kind Reception. Dr.
Increase Mather concluded, Sung the 3d part of the 68th
PS. Gibson set the Low Dutch Tune, Dr. Incr. Mather
gave the Blessing. All excellently; only I could wish
the extremity of the censure had been forborn -- Lest we
be devoured one of another. Neither the Govr (though in
Town) nor Mr. Paul Dudley present.
Monday, Augt. 8. Set out at 11. at night on Horseback
with Tho. Wallis to inspect the order of the Town.
Constable Eady, Mr. Allen, Salter, Herishor Simson,
1 Probably a son of George Bethune, of
in 1724. He was of a younger branch of the Bethunes of Balfour, and his
descendants now represent the male line of that distinguished Scotch family.
See Heraldic Journal, IV. 178. -- EDS.
52 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1715.
Howel, Mr. John Marion. Dissipated the players at Nine
Pins at Mount-Whoredom.1
Benjamin Davis, Chairmaker, and Jacob Hasy were two
of them. Reproved Thomas Messenger for entertaining
As came home between 2 and three took up Peter
Griffis the notorious Burglarer and comitted him to
Prison. Generally, the Town was peaceable and in good
Tuesday, Augt. 9. Sent the Keeper a Mittimus per
Joseph Webb: S. Tyly writ it.
Midweek, Augt. 10. Cousins Mehetabel and Sarah
Moodey go home by water. This day Billy Gibs, the
Son, is drown'd at
Bridge. Boarded at Mr. Brattle's and went to School:
was about 11. years old. Was drown'd at young Floud
and not taken up till eleven at night, by Torches; one
accidentally trod on him; could not Swim. Buried at
Watertown next day. The same Midweek. Bordman on
the Comon had a little Son who came from the Reading
School near Eccles's, and dy'd before night. The good
Lord awaken us by these awfull and Sharp Afflictions!
Augt. 11. Mr. Pemberton preaches. Dr. C. Mather
sick and not at Lecture. Dr., his father there. It seems
my good friend Mr. Thomas Mayhew2 died the same day
1 We may presume this spot to have been on the slope of Beacon Hill.
Mr. Bowditch, in one of his invaluable "Gleaner" articles in the "Tran-
script," under the date of Nov. 16, 1855, writes as follows: "I once saw a
very large and accurate plan in the possession of the Mount Vernon proprie-
tors, made sixty or seventy years ago, which was entitled by the surveyor,
in large and elaborate letters, 'A plan of Mount Hoardam.' This strucck
me as a very ingenious and modest way of conforming to the then popular
nomenclature of the spot, without giving offence 'to ears polite.'" It seems
from Sewall, that the name, as applied to some locality in Boston, is very
ancient. -- EDS.
2 Thomas Mayhew was third of the names, his father being Rev. Thomas
Mayhew, Jr., of Martha's Vineyard. This Thomas was Justice of the
Inferior Court of Common Pleas, serving as associate from its foundation.
1715. ] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 53
Madam Cook: did. The Loss is to us in a maner irrepa-
able, respecting the Government of the Indians.
Augt. 12. Mrs. Lord from
her 20d Fine Rain at night.
Lord's Day, Augt. 14. About an hour before Sunset I
walk with Constable Thair, and by that means went in to
the new Burying place attending the Funeral of Cousin
Ana Powell 17. mos old.
1692, and as Chief Justice from July 17,1699, to Oct. 27, 1713. His bro-
thers, Matthew and John, as indeed all the family, were noted for their
devotion to the cause of the Indians. -- EDS.
1 This reference may be a proper place to give some details about the
Richard 1 Dummer (Sewall's grand-uncle), by first wife, Mary, had to
Shuball, b. Feb. 17, 1636, H. C. 1656. By second wife, Frances, widow of
Rev. Jonathan Burr, he had three sons, Jeremiah,2 Richard,2 and William,2
and a daughter, Hannah.2
His son, Jeremiah2 Dummer, of
; William,3 b. ; Samuel,3 b. ; Anne,3
b. , m. John Powell, May 12, 1714.
Of these, Jeremiah,3 Jr. was the well-known Agent of the Colonies who
died in England in 1739. Eliot, in his Biographical Dictionary, gives a
good account of him, and we annex the following remarks from the "Boston
News Letter," No. 1828, for Aug. 23, 1739. It is copied from a London
" From the 'Daily Advertiser,' May 26. -- The Gentleman who was said
by Mistake in some of the Papers of this Week, to have died at Maryland
Point, was Jeremiah Dummer, Esq: formerly agent to the New-England
colony. During a considerable Part of Queen Anne's Reign he was inti-
mate with and greatly valued by all the Ministers, and the brightest Genius's
of that Time, he being well skill'd in the learned Languages, and some of the
Modern, thoroughly acquainted with the most valuable Parts of Literature,
and a graceful Speaker. He had a fine Memory: and being of a very com-
municative and beneficent Disposition, his Company was eagerly sought
after by all Lovers of good Sense and Humanity.
"Having a true Relish for Life, he retir'd from Business some Years,
which he pass'd among his Books and a few Friends. He died at Plaistow
Being, who was going to appear before its Creator, and with the warmest
Wishes to his friends and Acquaintance, and particularly to his Country, to
which he address'd those famous Words of Father Paul, -- Esto Perpetua."
We presume that Jeremiah 3 died without issue. Samuel 3 Dummer lived
at, Wilmington, Mass., where he died Feb. 6, 1737. The Middlesex Probate
foundation show administration was granted, with consent of his brother William,
54 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1715.
Mr. Pitkin din'd with us this day.
Augt. 15. Joseph prays with Cousin Green's John, very
Augt. 16. Col. Townsend, Son Sewall the Minister, and
I ride in the Hackney Coach to Mr. Walter's Lecture.
Brought home with us Madam Increase Mather. Mr. W.'s
Doctrine was, Every Comand of the Law is Good.
in the Author, Matter, Design: from Rom. 7. 12. Saw
little Hanah at the Governours. Gave her an Eighteen
Augt. 18. Mr. Pemberton apears in a Flaxen Wigg.
Mr. Webb preaches from Eccles. 9. 10. Whatsoever thy
on his estate, to Samuel Ruggles and to his daughter, Elizabeth Dummer.
Charges are made for the expenses of the widow for lying in of a posthumous
child. Sept. 1, 1740, administration on estate of this Elizabeth Dummer
to Rev. Daniel Rogers, of
The inventory mentions land in Jamaica formerly owned by her father, and
property in England unascertained: it was probably derived from her uncle.
Samuel Dummer was sheriff of Middlesex, 1729-1731.
She died at Littleton, July 16,1740, and is called the only child of Samuel
Dummer, "born of Elizabeth who was his wife, now wife of the Rev. M.
Daniel Rogers of said L." Rev. Daniel Rogers is said (N. E. Hist. Gen.
Register, V. 325) to have married Mary Whiting, perhaps a first wife. By
this wife he had eight children. His wife Elizabeth died Sept. 13, 1779,
aged seventy-four years, and he died Nov. 22, 1782, aged seventy-seven years.
The other son, William 3 Dummer, was our Lieutenant-Governor,
many years the acting Governor. His will (Suff. Wills, Lib. 59, f. 398) men-
tions no children, nor Dummer nephews or nieces. He gave his estate partly
in charity, to found the Dummer Grammar School, and the rest to the chil-
dren of his sister, Anne Powell. Of this, Jeremiah Powell was the principal
heir, though his brothers, John and William, were also favored. He gave
to Jeremiah Powell, lauds in North Yarmouth, Co. York, bought of Rev.
Daniel Rogers, of Littleton, and his wife, Elizabeth, which had formerly
belonged to Samuel Dummer, of Wilmington. He mentions kinsfolk,
Nathaniel Dummer, of Ipswich (whom he made a trustee of the school),
Mary Oulton, and William Vans, son of Mr. Hugh Vans.
Although the male line of Dummers was thus extinguished in the de-
scendants of Jeremiah,2 his brother Richard,2 who married Elizabeth Apple-
ton, and died in 1689, had four sons, John,3 Richard,3 Nathaniel,3 and
Shubael,3 some of whom continued the name. Nathamel3 Dummer, men-
tioned as above in the will of his cousin William,3 was great-grandfather of
Henry E. Dummer, now living. -- EDS.
1715.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 55
hand findeth. Made a good Discourse. PS. 90. 9-12.
Augt. 19. Mr. Thomas Bridge is seiz'd again with his
Augt. 20. I set out with Jno Arcus for
lash, get thither about 5. p. m. Very hot. Visit Cousin
Higginson sitting on her Pallet Bed. Mr. Noyes comes
to me there.
Augt. 21. I visit Col. Hathorne, who is very glad to
Augt. 22. Mr. Corwrn and I set out for Newbury,
Round, because of the high wind; Though the Rain were
mostly over, yet we had a little. Din'd at Chadwell's,
where were Mr. Lynde, Capt. Price. Went by Thurrel's
Bridge because of the high wind; got seasonably to Cous.
Woodbridge's, where we had very good Lodging.
Augt. 23. Din'd at Winget's. Went to Bloody Point
to Mr. Knight, where had good Pasture for our Horses,
Ferry'd over the Calm Water very pleasantly to Capt.
Layton's, in Kittery.
Augt. 24. Mr. Emery pray'd at opening the Court.
Case, Mr. Cutts desires a view; near night they goe.
Augt. 25. We impanel and industriously improve an-
other Jury. Tother Jury returns. Finish all our Ac-
tions this night.
Adjourn to 7. m. Much Rain.
Augt. 26. Hear the Kitte'ry Selectmen respecting their
Presentment for not having a Schoolmaster. Adjourn'd
sine Die. Ferry'd over very well to Mr. Knight's. At
Hampton I order'd a Bass to be Dress'd ; sent for Mr.
Gookin, with whom We din'd very pleasantly. Got well
to Cous. Woodbridges, when duskish. Mr. Cutting Noyes,
and his Bror Major Noyes, came to us, Capt. Greenlef,
Augt. 27. Mr. Corwin and I go by the Ferry; Thomas
56 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1715.
and Lynde by the Bridge and John Arcus; call at Sister
Northend's, She came out to us. Baited at Chadwell's
Call'd at Mr. Wigglesworth's, Gerrish. Got to Brother's
about two p. m. Dine, set out past 3. Twas Nine
aclock before got into my own house: found all well.
Augt. 28. Son administers the Sacrament. Mr. Stod-
dard and Pemberton join in breaking Bread. Mr. Wil-
liams comes to us and sups with us.
Augt. 29. Mr. Williams prays with us in Hanah's Cham-
ber, who is grown much better.
Septr. 1. Mr. Stoddard preaches the Lecture, Excel-
7r 2d. Prays with her again Excellently; and with us.
7r 3d. I visit Mrs. Mary Mighil at the house of the
widow Rebekah Nash; and Speak to Mr. Perkins, and
Mr. Webb to visit her.
7r. 10th. Mr. Lynde and I set out for
the Houses, Bait. Get to Wrentham about Sunset.
7r. 11th. Hear Mr. Man preach forenoon and Afternoon.
Dine at his House, and go to prayer there after the Ex-
ercises. In the evening Mr. Man vists us, at Capt.
7r. 12th. Set out for Bristol. Bait at Freeman's. Sev-
eral met there about their Settlement, Mr. White present.
Having some Occasion given me, I said, To have a good
settlement the way was to dig deep by Humiliation for
laying their foundation. Gave Mr. Short's daughter a
New-England Shilling. Din'd at Carpenter's. Were met
at the Gate by the Sheriff, Pain, Mackintosh esqr. Capt.
Brenton, Mr. Nutting, Mr. Birge, Mr. Raynolds. Mr.
Curwin kept Sabbath there. Col. Thomas came to us be-
fore we left Mrs. Sarah Smith's Chamber.
7r. 13th. Mr. Sparhawk prays Excellently at opening
the Court, 14, 15, 16, 17.
1715.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 57
Thorsday was very Rainy. Mr. Hale dined with us
17th. adjourn'd to the Chamber and there, after Diner,
adjourned sine die. I visited Madam Byfield, who is som-
thing lonesom and much afflicted with the Tissick; She
was very glad to see me, I gave her one of the Comemo-
rations.1 Got home a little before Sun-set. Curwin,
Thomas, Lynde mov'd out of Town.
7r. 18. Lord's Day, Mr. Sparhawk goes to Swansey, and
Mr. Hale preaches at Bristol both parts of the day. Dea-
con Cary sings Sweetly. Visit Mr. Sparhawk in the
evening. Give him a 20s Bill.
7r. 19th. Henry Mackintosh esqr. and Mr. Sparhawk
bring me going to the Gate: I would have had them gon
back sooner. Gave said Mackintosh a Comemoration; and
his daughter, Mr. Colman's book of Mirth.2 Had the Com-
pany of Mr. Fr. Homes to the Black Horse. Sheriff came
after us to the Ferry. When had Baited at Hunt's with
Oats Mr. Cooke and I proceed to Frenches; where we
din'd with Fry'd Lamb and Partridge. Got to Billinges
before 'twas dark.
7r. 20. Proceeded by way of punkapog, and then
through Brush Hill, viewing the pleasant Meadow on
Neponset. Got home well abt 1/2 hour past One. Laus
Deo! Left word at Capt. Lamb's that Madam Blagrove
intended to set out on Tuesday morning.
7r. 22. Great Rain, which makes the Lecture thiner.
Council, wherein the Govr prorogues the Court to 8r. 26.
Met before Diner. Before night Parnell arrives, in whom
comes Mr. Secretary Woodward, who went over to the
Governour in Mr. Wainwright's Coach.
1 This was Cotton Mather's sermon,. "Just Commemorations; the Death
of Good Men considered, with the Character of some." 1715. -- EDS.
2 "The Government and Improvement of Mirth. In Three Sermons from
James v. 13. More especially designed for the Use, and recommended to
the serious Perusal of Young Persons, and in particular the Young Gentle.
58 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1715.
7r. 23. Flag warn'd a Council, at which Mr. Woodward
produe'd his Comission,l and a Letter from Govr Burgess
earnestly Recomending him. The Letter was directed to
the President and Council. The Council adjourn'd to
4. p. m. and sent Mr. Belchar and Mr. Davenport to pray
the Governour's presence and Advice. In the afternoon,
Govr. apeard return'd from
cern'd that the Govr not there.
7r. 24. Lt. Govr and Secretary go to Roxbury in Mr.
them. Flagg warns; Govr sits by the side of the Table
facing to the South; Lt. Govr [Tailer] in one of the South
windows. The Comissions were produc'd and Read, Oaths
given. Then the Lt Govr stood up and with deference
enquired whether his Comission did not supersede the
Govr. The Govr answered No. Lt Govr said he reckon'd
himself oblig'd to propound it, Should rest in the Council's
Opinion. Some Debate was had. Col. Hutchinson pro-
pounded there might be a fuller Council. Others said
'twas requisite it should be imediatly determin'd. Capt.
Belchar answered in the Negative. Mr. Clark seem'd to
hesitat. I express'd my self that I was of Col. Hutchin-
son's mind, but if my answer was now expected, I said
that, seeing the Lt. Govrs Comission directed him to Gov-
ern by the Comission and Instructions of Govr Burgess,
in case of his death or absence, I was of Opinion the
Lt Govrs Comission did not impower him to be Comander
in Chief of this Province: Because neither the Comission
nor Instructions, Nor any Authentick Copy of them, refer'd
to in it, were arrived. Lt Govr did not like the vote
should be so put. 'Twas propounded to put it, whether
the Governour did not abide.
The Govr call'd for the Proclamation, which was read.
1 Samuel Woodward was sworn in as secretary, Sept. 24, 1715, and re-
signed in 1717, when Josiah Willard succeeded. Joseph Marion was sworn
as deputy secretary, May 10, 1716. -- EDS.
1715.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 59
Lt. Govr said, Now other provision was made, he had a
Comission from King George. Mr. Cooke said, making
other provision refer'd to the Charter. Others said, The
clause refer'd to what was pass'd, not to what was to come
hereafter. At length the Govr dictated to the Clerk to
this purpose, Whether the Government was devolved on
the Lieut. Govr., the Comission of Govr Burgess, nor any
copy of it, by which was to govern, not being arrived.
It was Nemine contradicente, carried in the Negative.
Winthrop, Cooke, Elisha Hutchinson, Sewall, Joseph
Lynde, Eliakim Hutchinson, Belchar, Bromfield, Clark,
Before night I acquainted Mr. Pemberton with this
Transaction, that he might know how to pray. He had
not heard it before. Mr. Colman was with him. We
came away together.
7r. 25. m. I acquainted my Son, and of Mr. Bridges
extream Sickness. Mr. Pemberton prays that the Govr
whose power was continued. After the Exercises, my
Son comes in to Mr. Bridges, when Mr. Williams was gon.
Mr. Maryon, Mr. Bridges Son-in-Law, desired my Son to
Hutchin. pray, which he did very well.
7r. 26. Between 11 and 12. Mr. Bridge Expires; with
him much primitive Christianity is gone;1 The old Church,
the Town, the Province have a great Loss. He was par-
ticularly dear to me. His Prayers and Sermons were
many times Excellent; not always alike. It may be this
Lethargick Malady might though unseen, be the cause of
some Unevenness. The Lord help us duly to lay the
death of this worthy person to heart! We may justly
whether fear he is taken away from Evil to Come. Isa. 57.
1 Rev. Thomas Bridge, born at Hackney in 1657, preached in the West
mentions four printed sermons by him. Rev. Benjamin Colman published
was sworn a funeral sermon on him. -- EDS.
60 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1715.
Midweek, 7r. 28. Went to
Natick Comittee, Waban and others.1 Major Fitch, Mr.
Oliver and I dine with the President. I would have
dined publickly [at the ordinary]; but the president
declin'd it. I went in a Calash, came home by Moon-
shine. Accomplish the Bargain for Magunkaquog [Hop-
kinton] Land, and paid Fourteen pounds in part. Laus
7r. 29. Mr. Colman preaches the Lecture. PS. 16. 8.
Text, Num. 33. 38. preached an excellent Funeral Sermon
for Mr. Bridge, who was buried after Lecture. Bearers,
Dr. Increase Mather, Dr. Cotton Mather; Mr. Walter,
Mr. Colman; Mr. J. Sewall, Mr. Jno Webb. Mr. Wads-
worth led the widow, and Mr. Pemberton was very sick of
After the Relations went Lt. Govr, Winthrop; Cooke,
Hutchinson; Sewall, Thomas. The Governour was not
at Lecture, nor any of his family, nor at the Funeral, that
I saw. Cool Convenient day.
Monday, 8r. 3. Govr calls a Council at 3 p. m. De-
livers the Books of Record and Files into the hands of the
New Secretary, and gives him the Keys of the Secretary's
Third-day, 8r. 4th. I Lent Major John Quincey Five
pounds; and give him a Psalm-book cover'd with Turky-
Leather for his Mistress.
This day, 8r. 4. Chadder arrives, 28 days from Tor-
Bay; brings Certain News of the French King's Death,2
and that the Duke of Orleans is Regent. Sir Wm Ash-
1 The Indian town of
efforts of Eliot and Gookin, had been the most promising and orderly of eight
similar settlements, never really recovered the prosperity which it had en-
joyed previous to Philip's War, and the calamitous removal of its inhabitants
to Deer Island. But Sewall continued to plan and labor for the benefit of
its Wretched people. -- EDS.
2 Louis XIV. died Sept. 1 (N. S.), 1715. -- EDS.
1715.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 61
hurst of Augt. 3, says, the Kingdom is in perfect peace;
all the Tumults Quell'd.1
8r. 5th. I give Col. Winthrop 40s as a Gratuity for his
influence in getting in Mr. Nelson's Debt, 2 Angels 4
Crowns. Din'd at Mr. Hirst's. Daughter Hirst, Madam
Colman, Mm. Sewall, Mrs. Betty Hirst, Mrs. Lydia Walley,
Mr. Colman, Jos. Sewall, Mr. Cooper, Sam and I; Mr.
Hirst sat at Table.
Fifth-day, Octobr. 6th. Mr. Joseph Sewall preach'd the
Lecture from 2 Pet. 3. 14. -- Seeing ye look for such
Things. After Lecture the Govr call'd a Council wherein
Mr. John Denison had the Qaths given him as Sheriff of
Essex. And license was given to -- Hill, -- Adams
and others to build a Meetinghouse with Timber, and cover
it with Shingles on Church-Green.2
8r. 7th. Din'd with the Court at Homes's. Visited
1 This refers to certain local disturbances growing out of party zeal. In
some places, Dissenters' meeting-houses were attacked. The disorders were
deemed serious enough to call for the revival of the old Riot Act, which was
now made perpetual, with increased powers conferred on the Government.
In about a month after Ashurst's report of "perfect peace," the Jacobite
broke out in
2 Snow (p. 213) copies the petition to erect the meeting-house on Church
Green, "by the situation and name thereof, intended no doubt by our fore-
fathers for that purpose." It was somewhat remarkable, however, that the
"forefathers" should have so designated a site in Boston. Among the
signers are Samuel Adams, father of the revolutionary patriot, and Henry
Hill, doubtless the persons named in the text. The house was dedicated
Jan. 8, 1717, and Rev. Samuel Checkley was ordained April 15, 1719. Mr.
Samuel Glover had previously offered a donation towards the building of a
meeting-house, made necessary by the overcrowding of the four edifices in
the town, besides King's Chapel. Messrs. Adams and Hill were among the
forty-four signers to the petition for the land. The house was to be sixty-
five feet long and forty-five broad. We notice in the demand for it the
movement of the population to what was then called the South End. The
edifice being known as the "New South," that which Sewall calls the South
Church began to be called by the now familiar title of the "Old South."
The beautiful stone structure, which in 1814 succeeded to the first edifice of
wood in Summer Street, yielded to the demands of business and is now
represented by a structure of brick a mile further to the "South End." --
62 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1715.
utrumque Doctorem [the Mathers]; shewed them Sir
William's Letter. Visited Madam Usher, sick of a sore
8r. 11th. Went with Mr. Daniel Oliver to
the Falls in Company with the President and Tho. Oliver
esqr. and Mr. John Cotton. At Natick the Indians of the
Comittee executed the Parchment Deed for the Land at
Magunkaquog: and paid the Proprietors Three pounds
apiece. 'Twas so late, that when the Gentlemen return'd,
I went to Sherbourn, lodg'd at Cousin Baker's.
8r. 12. Solomon Thomas acquaints me that Isaac Nehe-
miah [a Natick Indian], one of the Comittee, had hang'd
himself. Ask'd what they should doe. I sent him to the
Crowner. A while after I went to Cous. Gookin's in order
to go home. When there, Solomon came to me again,
and earnestly desired me to go and help them. Mr. Whit-
ney join'd to solicit for him, by reason of the distance from
Cambridge. So I went, Mr. Baker accompanied me. The
Jury found Isaac Nehemiah to be Felo de se. Hang'd
himself with his Girdle, 3 foot and 4 inches long buckle
and all. 'Twas night before had done, so went to Sher-
bourn again, and lodg'd at Cousin Gookin's.
8r. 13. Went home, Cousin Richard Gookin accompa-
Third-day, 8r. 18. The Govr prorogues the Genl Court
to the 23d Novr. I and Mr. Clark voted against it. Govr
pretended Deference to Govr Burgess in doing it, in ex-
pectance of his Arrival; but in the Proclamation, never
read to the Council, he said nothing of it, which was gra-
vaminous to some. Went to the Funeral of Mr. White's
Sister Pain, 8 of the Council there. Now about Dr. Mather
shews me a Copy of Govr Dudley's Signing a Petition for
a Bishop as the only means to promote Religion here.1
1 We must refer to the intended publication of Judge Sewall's Letter-
Book for information on this and many other matters mentioned in his
Journal. -- EDS.
1715.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 63
These papers fell into Mr. Stephen Mason's Hand by the
death of Sir Charles Hobby, and the said Mason sent Copies
of them to Dr. Cotton Mather; and his Father show'd
8r. 19. Went to Rumney Marsh in Compa of Dr. C.
Mather, Mr. Stobo, Squire, Webb, Dr. Oakes, &c. Mr.
Brown of Reading pray'd, Mr. Tho. Chiever preach'd.
Neither he that planteth. 1 Cor. 3. 7. Dr. C. Mather
gave 7. a Covenant which they made. They chose Mr.
Chiever their Pastor. Dr. Mr. gave him the Charge, he,
of Lin, Mr. Brown of
Hands, with Mr. Webb, and praying. Mr. Shepard gave
the right Hand of Fellowship. Sung the 3 last Staves of
the 132d Psalm, which Deacon Marion read and set the
Tune. Mr. Chiever gave the Blessing. I, Mr. Oakes,
Mr. Stobo, my Son Sam, Mr. Wyllys the elder, Mr. Webb's
Unkle, and one more, sat in my Pue; 'tis a good one,
which never sat in before. After Refreshm't several of
us came to Winnisimet for fear of falling a-ground. One
met me 1 1/4 mile and would needs have me ride, which I
needed being Weary. Got well home between 7 and 8.
In the Ferry-boat Mr. Parsons mentioned the perishing
of all mankind entirely, whereas some of the Angels fell;
not all, if God had not provided Salvation. Spake as if it
had been his Notion: I said Dr. Ames 1 mentioned it;
which he seemed backward to allow: said he had lost his
Books by Sea.
Octobr. 31. Second-day. I visit Mr. Cooke. Mr. Wads-
1 This is the famous Dr. William Ames, who was born in 1576, and died
in 1634. He fled from England to Holland in 1610, became a minister at the
Hague, was at the Synod of Dort, became a Professor at Franeker, and was a
learned writer. His library was brought, after his death, to New England.
Among his writings were Notes on the First and Second Epistles of Peter, to
which Sewall probably refers here. Dr. Ames's intention to remove to New
England was frustrated by his death, after which his family came here.
His son, of the same name, graduated at Harvard in 1645. -- EDS.
64 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1715.
worth prays with him. Mr. Flynt was there. About
Noon a great Breach is made in the Mill-Dam1 of 60 or 70
foot wide. About an hour after Sunset Mr. Cooke dyes.
The same night in the latter part of it Capt. Thomas
Oliver dyes. 'Tis awfull that two Councillours should dye
in one night.2
This day I fetch'd Mrs. Mary Mighill's Goods from
Mrs. Tomson's at Roxbury. Met the Govr in the New
Lane as I came home. Visited Mrs. Mary Mighill last
Satterday, and pray'd with her. She declar'd before Mrs.
Nash, that her Estate should be equally divided between
her Brother and Sister.
Novr. 1. Superr Court at
Mr. Sewall prays at opening it.
9r. 3d. Govr dines with the Court.
Novr. 5. Adjourn to Friday next. About an-hour. be-
fore Sunset Mrs. Mary Mighill dies.
Novr 6. The day for reading the Order for the Thanks-
giving according to the usual custom; Mr. Pemberton
told the Congregation, There was an order to keep the
17th. as a Thanksgiving; should read it the next Lords-day.
Novr. 7th. Goe to Salem, in Mr. Austin's Calash to Mis-
tick, from thence with Col. Thomas in his; had a very
comfortable Journey. Could not enter into Lewis's be-
cause of the Train. Soldiers filling the House. Henry
1 Between the present
2 Of Elisha Cooke, who died aged
(Hist., II. 211). "He was esteemed as a physician, but most remarkable in
his political character, having been more than forty years together employed
in places of public trust, always firm and steady to his principles." He was
zealous for the old charter, and a friend always to the side of the people.
His son, Elisha, was in the council for several years.
The other councillor, who died on the same day, at Newton, was Thomas
Oliver. He was the youngest son of John Oliver, of Boston, and was born
Feb. 10, 1645-46. He was grand-uncle of Lieutenant-Governor Andrew
Oliver. He was twice married, and had many children, but the sons seem
to have died without issue. Paige says (History of Cambridge, p. 618) that
he was a deacon of the church at Newton. -- EDS.
1715.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 65
Sewall waited on me. Mr. Noyes came to see me. I ran
out to meet him; being joy'd at his Recovery.
Novr. 7th. Call'd on Mrs. Nash as I went to Charlestown.
Ask'd her if things stood now as when Mrs. Mary declar'd
her Will, whether any Alteration were made. She said,
No; only Mrs. Mary would have her well Rewarded for
what she had done for her.1
9r 8th Mr. Noyes prays at opening the Court, et sic
9r. 9th. Mr. Corwin makes a very good Discourse at
the Lecture. Dines with us, and Mr. Rogers, &c. Govr
Saltonstall, Mr. Cotton, Rowland and Theoph. Govr
Saltonstall sued for his Father's estate as eldest Son and
therefore sole Heir. I said 'twas contrary to our Law,2 the
Law of Nature and the Law of GOD. It went against
the Govr in all the three Causes. Heard the Rumors of
the Arrival of Col. Byfield, and Exemplification of Govr
Novr. 10. Adjourn'd sine die. Visited Major Brown in
the even. When went home, Bror shew'd me a Register
sign'd by Lieut. Govr Tailer as Comander in Chief.
Novr. 11. Col. Thomas carrys Judith, I ride to Wini-
1 We do not find any will of Miss Mary
seems that administration was granted, Dec. 15. 1715, on estate of Mary
Mighill, spinster, to David Hitchcock, of Enfield, Co. Hampshire, whose
late wife, Elizabeth, was her sister. -- EDS.
2 "Our law," so far as we had power to enforce it, and that of Connecti-
cut, as regarded inheritance, differed from the law of England in reference
to the rights of the eldest son. A serious issue was opened in the latter
Colony. On the death of John Winthrop, the only son of Wait Still Win-
throp, a difficulty arose between his son, John Still Winthrop, and his sister,
Ann, the wife of Thomas Lechmere, Esq., as to the son's claim to inherit
the entire real estate without division; Mr. Lechmere sued for an equal
division of the whole property between his wife and her brother. The Con-
necticut court gave judgment for Mr. Lechmere; but the brother, by appeal
to the King in Council, obtained a decision in his favor, "declaring him the
sole heir of all the landed estate of his father and uncle." A compromise
was effected in Connecticut, notwithstanding this decision. See Trumbull's
66 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1715.
simet with Mr. Dudley. Have a very Comfortable Journey.
After Diner open our Court, Novr. 12. ditto. Adjourn
to Novr. 23.
Novr. 13. Mr. Pemberton preaches at the old Church
p. m. Mr. Sewall reads the Order for the Thanksgiving,
Begins and ends with the Date. Baptiseth Mary Stoddard,
in Mr. Pemberton's Turn.
Novr. 14. 2d Day. A Council is call'd, And Mr. Thomas
Hutchinson, Mr. Thomas Fitch and I have the Oaths ad-
ministered to us! The Lord help us to be Faithfull. In
the evening had a Meeting of the Owners of the Salt Works
at the Sun-Tavern. Col. Byfield inveighs against our
Agent Dumer for betraying him after Dumer had given
him his Word and Hand that he had done with Dudley.
Novr. 15. Elisha Hutchinson esqr, Eliakim Hutchinson
esqr, Andrew Belchar esqr. and S. S. visit Govr. I drank
to him presenting my humble Service. Mr. Armstrong and
another came in; express'd their sorrow for the Change;
Govr said must acquiesce in what the King did, or to that
effect; seeming to correct Armstrong's Speech. But I
observ'd when they went away, Govr Dudley said with a
good Grace, I Thank your Visit! Came home just at
Novr 16. I visit Mr. Stobo, Dr. C. Mather, Dr. Incr.
Mather, and present each of them with an Angel regarding
the Thanksgiving, which they Accept very Courteously.
Novr. 17. Very pleasant Wether upon the Thanks-
giving day. Govr Saltonstall with us. Majr Genl Win-
throp not abroad.
Novr. 18. Pleasant Wether. Col. Byfield goes horne-
1 The Council Record says that Samuel Sewall, Thomas Hutchinson, and
Thomas Fitch on that day took the oaths appointed by Act of Parliament,
&c. Sewall wrote "Foster," and then, without erasing it, wrote "Hutchin-
son " over it. -- EDS.
1715.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 67
Novr. 19. All things are cover'd with Snow. The day
is stormy with Wind, Snow, Hail, Rain. Gave my Ham-
shire Neighbours ½ Crown a piece; as Mr. Pemberton
yesterday 20s. to buy each of his children a Book.
Novr. 20. Mr. Pemberton administers the Lord's Super.
Govr Saltonstall with us. p. m. Mr. Sewall baptiseth
Hanah Man, and an Ethiopian Woman.
Novr. 21. I read to Mrs. Melyen, visit Govr Saltonstall;
He was not at home; I left for him Comemorations, with
Sermons on Mr. Addington, and Mr. Earl bound up
Novr. 23. Lt Govr makes a Cold Treat to the Council-
lours and Comission Officers. Was not a House in the
Fore-noon. Mr. Speaker and many Deputies visited the
Lt Govr a. m. A little after 3. Lt Govr proceeded to
the Town House. I went on his right Hand, Col. Lynde
on his Left; Capt. Dyer and two of his Officers went
before him; before them, Mr. Winchcomb bare-headed,
Two Trumpets, 4. Serjeants in red Cloaths with Horl-
berts [Halberts]. Major Genl, Col. Hutchinson, Capt.
Hutchinson met the Lt Govr at the Town-House. By
a Cushing, Norden, Davenport, Lt G. sent Message to the
Deputies; The Lieut. Govr is in the Chair, and expects your
Attendance. Seem'd to be out of Breath in Reading his
Speech. Higginson, Cushing, Norden, Brown, Appleton,
B. Lynde Sworn. Mr. Geoffrie's daughter buried.1
Novr. 24. Dr. C. Mather Preaches from Rev. 3. 16.
Because thou art Lukewarm. Lieut. Govr Usher, Win-
throp, Elisha Hutchinson, J. Lynde, Belchar in the Fore-
Seat. Col. Pain Sworn.
Mr. Cooke and others come in with a Message that
1 This was Frances, daughter of David Jeffries and wife, Elizabeth
(Usher). She was nineteen years old.
2 The father was from Rhoad, in Wiltshire, and became the founder of a
distinguished family still represented here. (See N. E. H. G. Register,
XV. 14-16.) -- EDS.
68 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1715.
desired to fill up the vacancies in the Council to morrow
p. m. Afterwards Epes and Parsons bring in the desire
of the Deputies to have it defer'd till Tuesday, p. m.
25. Letter to Govr Burgess. Dr. C. Mather Prays.
26, ditto. Lt Govr present, mentions his Grandfather and
Unkle Stoughton,1 prays that Lt Govr may do like them.
Capt. Foy buried in the South B. place; Bearers, Win-
Bromfield, Stoddard; Checkly,
Lt Govr and Secretary there.
Novr. 28. Last night and to day, a very great Snow
falls. By this means the Deputies made not a House.
Novr. 29. Are so thin, that they desire the Election
may be on Thursday after Noon. I dine at Mr. Hirst's.
Madame Jno Brown buried at Salem.
Novr. 30. The Rev'd Mr. Joseph Green is buried at
Salem Village, 40 years old, much Lamented.2 From the
first day he preached there, to his last Sermon, just
Eighteen years run out. Died Satterday Novr. 26. His
widow is left with Seven Children, and big of the
Decr. 1. Fifth-day. Mr. Wadsworth preaches from PS.
7. 12. Speaks against Health-drinking, Illuminations,
Bonfires &c. Dr. Mather, Col Pain, Quinsey, dine with
us. Election. Voted twice, and brought it to Nothing:
Voters, 76. Major Bond who was highest had 32. Depu-
ties voted to chuse only one in the room of him Negativ'd:
1 See note on the Tailers and Stoughtons in vol. i. p. 163. -- EDS.
2 He was the eleventh child of John and Ruth (Mitchelson) Green, who
oldest son of Percival and Ellen Green, of
born Nov. 24, 1675; H. C.1695; married Elizabeth Gerrish; and was ordained
at Salem Village, now Danvers, Nov. 10, 1698. Rev. John Barnard classes
him among the "men of learning; pious, humble, prudent, faithful and use-
ful men in their day." His last child was Ruth, born April 23, 1716. One
son, Joseph, Jr., was father of Joshua Green, of Boston, whose grandson
was Dr. Joshua Green, or Groton, father of Dr. Samuel Abbott Green, now
City Physician of Boston. (See account of Percival and Ellen Green,
Groton, 1876.) -- EDS.
171 5/6.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 69
Council came not into it. I said, All or none. Adjourn'd
till the morn. Mr. Wadsworth prays.
Decr. 2. Voters 79. Townsend chosen by 41. votes.
4th Stroke, Voters 75. Thomas Noyes esqr. chosen by
Province of Main, voters 71.
Adam Winthrop esqr. chosen by 52.
At Large, Voters, 69.
Nathanl Byfield esqr. chosen by 60.
Decr. 3. Deputies send up the Election by a Message
of Three, which the Lieut Govr Aproves in Writing. Lt
Govr sends to the House for Mr. Winthrop, who is sent
up by two Deputies. Col. Townsend is sent for, and they
both take the Oaths, and their places at the Board.
Tuesday Xr. 6. Col. Byfield comes to Town. p. m. is
sent for and Sworn.
Xr. 13. Now about Col. Noyes comes to Town and is
Sworn. About the 9th was the Apointment of Officers.
Xr. 21. Now about the Govr disallows the Votes for
giving our Agent, Mr. Dummer, £200. And for Continu-
ing him Agent. I voted to the first but express'd my
Doubtfullness as to the latter, when I heard what was
pleaded by Col. Byfield as to his Unacceptableness to Govr
Burgess, and the Ministers. I also Consider'd his giving
up in print the place of the Attorney General as Reserv'd
in the Charter to the King -- and writ hardly to any of the
Council: but very largely to the Speaker, and to Mr.
White. Govr prorogues the Court to the 22d of February.
Decr. 23. Now about Mr. Experience Mayhew goes
home. At the 2d Nomination of Officers, I went to the
Lieut-Govr to solicit him that Mr. Paul Dudley might be
Nominated, but he declin'd it. He spake of Mr. Anth.
7th day Decr. 31. Mr Moodey of York goes home,
came in last night at 10. Is to preach at Haverhill to
morrow. My wife gave him Capt. Foy's Scarf.
70 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1715/6.
Jany 1. News of Mr. Jonathan Belcher and his Sister
Noyes, their Arrival.
Jany 2. Capt. Holberton dy'd at Sea.
Jany. 3. Din'd with the Court, at Pattin's.
Jany. 4. Mr. Jno Menzeis, Judge of the Admiralty,
with his Bror 1 the Register comes to Town, from, Rode-
Island. Meeting at Mrs. Dafforn's at night. Read Mr.
Caryl's Sermon preach'd at Paul's Xr: 14. 1645.
Jany. 5. Mr. Menzies 2 exhibits his Comission before the
Lt Govr and Council, and takes the Oaths. Mr. Pember-
ton not having been at Lecture, I visit him: He is very
warm about the Agent, say'd the Lt Govr is an Usurper;
not fit for the Chair. I said to whom does the Chair be-
long; To Govr Dudley, reply'd Madam Pemberton. Mme.
P -- said the Agent, they dealt Barbarously with him.
The people made light of the errand of God's people
Jany. 6. Lt. Governour delivers the Chief Justice, Mr.
periour Court: Gave the Oaths: 3 The Lord help us, me
especially, to keep them better than ever.
1 This brother of John Menzies does not seem to be noticed by our
writers; see under date of March 30, 1715-16.-- EDS.
2 The following extract from the Council Records, of Sept. 19, 1717,
shows where Mr. Menzies resided. "License to Jobn Menzies to build a
barn 40 by 18 feet on his pasture in Summer Street, in Boston, 80 feet from
his house, which house is 100 feet from any house on one band, and 200 feet
on the other, and is bounded to the street by a little garden, and to the south-
ward by his pasture." -- EDS.
3 Washburn (Judicial Hist., p. 138) writes: "The tenure of the office of
Judge was not fixed by the charter, but it practically became durante bene
placito, and upon the death, resignation, or removal of a governor or of the
king, it seems to have been thought necessary to continue the former officers
in commission by proclamation until new appointments could be made."
Hutchinson (Hist., 1st ed. vol. ii. p. 375, note) writes, under date of
1730, in reference to renewals and changes by Governor Belcher: "The
commissions to civil officers being in the king's name and tested by the
governor, the renewal of such commissions upon the appointment of a gov-
ernor has not been practised since Mr. Belcher's time. It was proposed in
171 5/6]. DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 71
Mr. Pemberton goes to Roxbury in the Governour's
Coach, though the day be very Cold.
Friday, Jany. 13. I go to Charlestown Lecture. Bror
Hirst went over in the same Boat. Mr. Bradstreet
preached Excellently from Lam. 3. 25. Madam Brad-
street was at Meeting. I din'd with Mr. Bradstreet and
her: only us three at Table. They treated me with great
Curtesy. Mr. D. Oliver went over with me. I saw Dr.
Noyes there. Am apt to think the Snowy morning hin-
Lord's Day, Jany 15. An Extraordinary Cold Storm
of Wind and Snow. Blows much worse as coming home
at Noon, and so holds on. Bread was frozen at the Lord's
Table: Mr. Pemberton administered. Came not out to
the afternoon Exercise. Though twas so Cold, yet John
Tuckerman was baptised. At six a-clock my ink freezes
so that I can hardly write by a good fire in my Wive's
Chamber.1 Yet was very Comfortable at Meeting. Laus
Second day, Jany. 16. About Noon my Wife is taken
Extream ill, Overcome I supose with the Cold. Vomits,
shakes; so that I fear'd a Fever. She was aprehensive
of Death; had a very bad night. This was very distress-
ing to me.
17. p. m. Joseph prays with her Excellently. Has
a much better night. Though the Emetick Physick was
very tedious in the Operation; yet I hope it had a good
Effect. Laus Deo. Had both Mr. Oakes and Cutler with
council by his successor, but Mr. Read, a very eminent lawyer, and, which
is more, a person of great integrity and firmness of mind, being then a
member of the council, brought such arguments against the practice that
the majority of the board refused to consent to it." "The freedom and
of the judges of
excellencies of the constitution. The Massachusetts judges are far from
independent." -- EDS.
1 The Judge's manuscript here gives evidence of the fidelity of the record
to the fact he mentions. -- EDS.
72 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1715/6.
her. David Sinclar's Wife Nurses her, Watches [Watchers],
Lydia Avery, Mrs. -- Kay.
19th. Mr. Pemberton Preaches the Lecture from Philip.
4. I know how to abound. 62 Ps sung from the 8th to
the end, 2 1/2 staves. Very good Discourse. Very com-
20. Capt. Belchar informs the Council against AEneas
Salter of bad words he should speak.
21. Sewall, Townsend, Clark, bind him to his good
Behaviour. Daniel Ellen buried; Bearers, Sewall, Bel-
char; Davenport, Cutler; Ellis, Gibbon. Scarfs and
Gloves. 71. years old.
Jany. 26. Vehement N. E. Storm of Snow; but about
16. Women at Lecture, it may be 200. men. Mr. Colman
preaches from 1 Chron. 29. 15. Our days on earth are as
a Shadow. In the Gallery were Sewall, Winthrop, Quin-
sey, Fitch, 4 of the Council. Below were Townsend,
3l. Rode with the Chief Justice in a Slay, got over
Comfortably to Court.
Febr. 1. Lt Govr, Mr. Secretary, Mr. Comissary, and
Dr. Clark, dine with us.
Febr. 2. Vehement Storm at S. E., first Snow, then
Rain. Thomas, Lynde, and Davenport got over; Chief
Justice and I came too late; the River was so fill'd with
Ice, Judges were fain to lodge there all night.
Febr. 2. Mr. Shortt in his Return from Attleborough,
lodges here. He preach'd last Lord's Day at Dedham.
Febr. 4. Visit Mr. Pemberton pain'd with an Ague in
Febr. 8. Writ a Letter to Mr. John Leverett, Presi-
dent, to acquaint him that Mr. Windsor is soliciting from
time to time, that the charge of Mrs. Leverett's Funeral
might be discharg'd.l Sickness and Burial at Roxbury
1 This refers of course to the widow of Hudson Leverett. The account
(Suff. Wills, lib. 19, f. 100) amounts to £13 6s. 6d., including items paid
171 5/6.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 73
about 10 or £12: probably if it had been at Boston,
twould have risen to a greater Sum. Alleges that you,
Mr. Cooke and Mr. Addington encourag'd him to under-
take the trouble of it. Mr. Davenport offers to be his
Quota towards this Disburse. For ought I know, twould
be most Convenient for the Relations to do it; all know it
must be done! Sloop run away with by a Whale out of
Harbour at the
tain our Enjoyments in this World are! May not Mat.
6. 22. be translated, The Lamp of the Body is the Eye?
Pardon this Rapsody. Mr. Oliver and I think we have a
good Mortgage offer'd to Let out the Natick £400. should
be glad to speak with you.
Febr. 9. Mr. Webb preaches from Prov. 13.20. He
that walketh with the wise --
After Lecture Mr. Phillips buried his Daughter Mrs.
Mary Butler, from his own house; 1 Bearers, Major Fitch,
Judge Lyde [sic]; Mr. Jeffries, Col. Tho. Savage; Mr.
Jno Cutler junr, Mr. -- Pemberton. Lt. Govr had a
Scarf. Church Episcopal Ministers, I saw but two of our
own, viz. Mr. Wadsworth, Sewall. Great Funeral.
Febr. 13. Visited the Lt Govrs Lady, and her son Gil-
lam,2 gave the Nurse 5s. and little Shepard who had the
widow Tompson, Dr. Philip Tompson, and Benjamin Tompson. It is ren-
dered by Joshua Winsor, administrator. He was either the father-in-law or
brother-in-law of Thomas Leverett, son of Hudson, who married Rebecca
Winsor, daughter of Joshua Winsor, Dec. 11, 1701; -- EDS.
daughter of Samuel Phillips, bookseller, of
ter of Benjamin and Hannah (Savage) Gillam. Boston records say that
Peter Butler and Mary Phillips were married May 9, 1706. Phillips died
October, 1720, aged fifty-eight; of his children, Hannah married Habijah
Savage, Faith married Arthur Savage, and Butler's mother married, secondly,
Ephraim Savage. -- EDS.
2 The wife of Lieutenant-Governor Tailer was a near relative to Mrs.
Phillips, as the following will show. (See, also, N.E. H. G. Register, XIX.
254). Benjamin Gillam, Sen., had three sons; of these, Benjamin, Jr., was
the father of Mrs. Samuel Phillips; Zechariah Gillam, the second son, mar-
ried Phebe, daughter of Lieutenant William Phillips, and had a son Benjamin
74 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [171 5/6.
daughter in her arms, 5s. To Mrs. Plimly still confin'd by
her Hip-bone being out of joint.
Febr. 14. Walk with Col. Townsend, Mr. Bromfield,
Capt. Clark, and Constable Eady, to take account of Fam-
ilies and what orders they keep.
Febr.15. Visit daughter Hirst, tell her her Mother has
enter'd the 59th. year of her Age; gave each of the chil-
dren 2s each and to my daughter an Angel, her Salary as
Treasurer. Went thence to the Burying of David Sin-
clar's daughter; Mr. Wadsworth and I went together. To
the Meeting at Thornton's.
Febr. 16. Dr. C. Mather preaches Excellently from
James 2. 5. Poor of this world, rich in Faith. Doctrine,
Grace has a Lustre as well in the meanest, as greatest.
Daughter Hirst and her Children visit us in the Coach.
Gave Saml Sewall, de Josepho, an English Half-Crown.
Febr. 23. 1715/16. The honble William Brown esqr. died
in his house at Salem.1
Febr. 28. (my Wedding-day 40. years ago). I go to
Tailer esqr. Lt. Govr, John Hathorn esqr; Saml Sewall,
John Appleton; John Higginson esqr., Andrew Belchar.
Was laid in a Tomb just about Sunset, at the Burying
Point. Col. Lynde, Mr. Davenport, Major Fitch, Col.
Winthrop, had Scars and Rings; Mr. Speaker Burril
had a Scarf. A great many Men were at the Funeral,
but few Women; twas very cold. After the Funeral I
went and wish'd Capt. Price and his Bride Joy. Eat
(3d). The last named married Abigail --, and had Abigail, born Feb.
22, 1684, who married, first, Thomas Dudley, and, secondly, Lieutenant-Gov-
ernor William Tailer as his secoud wife. -- EDS.
1 This William Browne was son of William Browne, of Salem, a rep-
resentative and assistant. The son was one of Andros's Council and of
the Council of Safety. He married Hannah Curwin, and had four children.
See Heraldic Journal, II. 24, 95, for an account of the descendants. Also,
N. E. H. G. Register, XXX. 352. -- EDS.
1716.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 75
Febr. 29. In the morn visited Madam Kitchen. Went
Winisimet, came home by
Compa with the Lt Govr Mr. Belcher, Mr. Davenport,
Major Fitch, Col. Winthrop, Judge Palmer, Lyde, Mr.
Sheriff Pain, Mr. Campbell, Mr. Barber, Mr. Tho. Smith.
Din'd at Lewis's upon an excellent Turkey; Got home
so as to go seasonably to our Meeting at Mr. Franklin's;
though the way was very bad. Laus Deo.
Capt. Saml Ruggles was buried with Arms the same
Third day of the Week, at Roxbury. Was not full 58
years old.1 Has left 9. Children, Four Sons and Five
daughters. Daughters all married, the Eldest but about
a Week before her Father's death. He was before me
with his Sisters, Morris and Bayly, Widows, with their
Inventories: and now, March the first, these Sisters are
here with deacon Mayo to prove their Brother's Nuncupa-
tive Will. He is much Lamented at Roxbury.
March 24. I set out for Situate with Judge Lynde,
dine at Capt. Mill's, bait at little Hingham. Lodge at
Mr. Jenkyns's by the Sea-side in Situate.
March, 25. 1716. Hear Mr. Pitcher, who dwells on
the Land where Mr. Chauncy dwelt. Sup'd. at his house.
He is much Recovered of a dangerous Sickness. Gave
him a Psalm-book, one of Dr. Cotton Mather's Sermons,
with a Crown for contribution. Psalm-book cover'd with
Saw the Grave where 24. Men were buried together;
and 4. more laid to them of the Packet.
March, 26. Mr. Turner and the Sheriff's Deputy,
Briant, conducted us by the way of the new Ferry settled
at the Mouth of the North-River, Bait at the Ferry-house
1 He was son of Samuel Ruggles, by his second wife, Ann Bright. His
sister Elizabeth married James Bailey. The sister Morris was perhaps
named Anne. -- EDS.
76 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1716.
I rode with Mr. Justice Thomas in his Calash to Town
[Plymouth]. Gave the Sheriff and his Attendants a Duz.
of Dr. Incr. Mather's Sermons concerning Christ the Great
March, 27. Court held by 4. Justices.
March, 31. Great Storm of Snow on the Ground, and
falling: and Jury not agreed; yet about Noon got away,
the Weather clearing.
Note. The Jury bringing in for Mr. Hugh Adams
against Haws, in the Action of Defamation. I said to
incline you to Govern your Tongue, and govern your Pen.
And if I were capable to advise you, I would counsel you
to pay a great Deference to the Council of Churches held at
To Mr. Joseph Otis brought in, Not guilty! I said, The
providence of God in clearing you, will I hope melt your
heart: for what you did, was notoriously Criminal.2
Din'd at Bairsto's; Mr. Davenport missing his way,
came in thither after us, though he set out an hour be-
fore us. Mr. Lynde and I went no further than Wey-
mouth. Lodg'd at Mr. Thacher's, where we were most
Apr. 1. Kept Sabbath there. In the After-noon, One
baptis'd, a Ninth daughter, and 3 taken into the Church;
Bate and his wife and Lt. Nash's daughter.
Apr. 2. Travel home-ward. As had heard of cousin
Baker's death at Weymouth, so we heard of Mr. Belknap's
at Braintry. Din'd at Cousin Quinsey's, whither we went
1 "Several Sermons Wherein is shewed, I. That Jesus Christ is a mighty
Saviour. II. That God Converts His Elect some at one Age, and some at
another, Commonly before Old Age. III. That when Godly Men dye,
Angels carry their souls to another and a better World. With a Preface in
which there is a brief and true Character of the Reverend Mr. Thomas
Bridge a lately deceased Pastor in one of the Churches in Boston." Boston,
1715. By Dr. Increase Mather. --EDS.
2 See vol. ii. p. 218.
1716.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 77
to Condole the Loss of's Sister. Found all well at home.
It seems on Friday, March, 30. Mr. Menzies the Attor-
port, died on Horse-back, as is suposed, and fell down.
April, 3. Went to the Funeral of my good Friend Mr.
April, 6. The Rain hinders my going to Mr. Stephen's
Lecture, as I intended. Capt. Arthur Savage arrives this
Scaffold, and saw the Lords Derwenwater and Kenmure
beheaded.1 He and his wife came into the Meeting.
April, 7. Mr. Robinson the Lawyer dines with me.
April, 8. My Son Administers the Lords Super. Hear
of Clark's being put ashoar at Situate. Goods much
Febr. 12. Mr. Pemberton preaches the Lecture. Sings
2 ½ staves begining 38th Psalm. Text Ps. 73. 27. They
that are far from Thee shall perish. Dr. C. Mather goes
with the Ministers after Lecture.
Febr.13. Govr. Burgess's Letter of Febr. 27. To the
Council, in Answer to theirs of Novr. 25., is read. Pro-
mised to defend our Charter if attack'd while he is in Lon-
don. Hopes to be here before May be out; proposing to
Sail in April.2 Went to Major Fitch, where I was kindly
1 These lords, having been impeached of high treason and condemned
for their share in the late Jacobite rebellion, were, on the 24th of February,
beheaded on Tower Hill, in
"princely domains " in Northumberland and Cumberland were forfeited and
settled upon Greenwich Hospital. See Lord Mahon's History of England,
vol. i., and Burton's History of Scotland, vol. viii. Sewall mentions, far-
ther on, the fate of some of the inferior persons who engaged in this re-
bellion. -- EDS.
2 We may avail ourselves of this opportunity to say that, though Burgess
never came here, he seems to have received diplomatic advancement. Oct.
21, 1727, Eliseus Burgess was made his Majesty's Resident at Venice.--
78 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1716.
entertain'd. Sup'd with my daughter Hirst, who remains
very Weak and low.
April, 14. A great Ship arrives for Timber in whom
comes Mr. Smith.
April, 16. Is a Meeting of the Trustees, Overseers of
the College, Council. Mr. [Rev. Joseph] Stephens1 of
Charlestown being presented, is confirm'd Fellow of the
Corporation of Harvard College: And Mr. -- [Nicholas]
Sever Fellow of the House. These both succeed in the
room of Mr. Edward Holyoke. Upon my Enquiry what
the vacancy was, Mr. president said so: He only was
present besides the Council. I agreed to it if there were
a vacancy. For I supos'd Mr. Roby had of Course en-
Suply'd the Room of Mr. Holyoke.
is Dissolv'd. Trustees did little but adjourn to Thorsday
3 p. m. Went to my daughter Hirst, and stay'd with her
till Mr. Hirst came in from Salem, 9 a-clock. Waited
on Madam Usher to her Gate.
This day I first saw the Swallows; I think I had heard
some Chiper before. Much N. E. weather.
April, 17. I see plenty of them. Hannah visits her
Bror and Sister Sewall. This is the furthest Walk she has
taken since her Lameness.
I warn my eldest Son against going to Taverns.
April, 19. The Lt. Govr comes to my House in the
morn, and shows me the Accusation of Sir Alexander
Brand against Mr. Agent Dumer, as if he had made the
Knight drunk, and pick'd his pocket of 26. Guineas and
brought in two Lewd Women into the Cross-Keys &c.2 I
1 Mr. Joseph Stevens was a Fellow of the Corporation, first from 1712 to
1713, and afterwards from 1716 to 1721. Mr. Edward Holyoke was Tutor
from 1712 to 1716, and Fellow from 1713 to 1716, thus holding both places
simultaneously for three years. Mr. Nicholas Sever was Tutor from 1716
to 1728. Mr. Robie was Tutor from 1714 to 1723. The words, "Fellow of
the House," signify residence. -- EDS.
2 Probably the Cross-Keys Inn, near the
1716.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 79
presently thought on the Soldiers set to guard our
Saviour's Tomb, their Tale; and said, If Sir Alexander
were drunk, how could he tell who pick'd his Pocket?
And as to the Women, I said, My Kinsman might be seen
going in, and vile Women might press in so close after
him, as to make a semblance of his introducing them.
Seemed to ask my advice Whether he ought not to acquaint
the Govr of Cont [Connecticut?] that they might discard
him from being their Agent. In the Letter Shewed, Mr.
Agent Driller is call'd this Fellow, Rascal. I went to Mr.
Pemberton to enquire into the matter, he refer'd me to
Mr. White; I went thither, who shew'd me Mr. William
Willard's Letter of March, 5th. much exploding the Story.
Prov'd Benja Barns's Will, went to Lecture. Mr. Colman
preaches Excellently of the strong and The Stronger.
Sung 2 first Staves of the 6th. Psalm G.
Mr. M. Short dines with us; says the widow Mary God-
frey was interr'd this week.1 She was the first person
born in Newbury, and is I suppose about 81. years old.
Lord's Day, Ap. 22. My Wife and daughter Hanah
goe to the Solemn Assembly after long Restraint. I put
up a Note for them. Hanah fell down, but had no great
hurt, blessed be God.
April, 23. Prov'd Mr. Joseph Belknap's Will.2
April, 24. Visited Mrs. Betty Cooke now, Benning,
upon her Marriage,3 last Thorsday. They sent us Gloves
1 Coffin says she was the widow of Peter Godfrey, and that her maiden
name was Mary Browne. She was perhaps the daughter of Thomas Browne,
settler, a weaver from Malford, in
2 Joseph Belknap's will is in the Suffolk Registry, vol. xix. fol. 138.
It mentions his now wife, Abigail, and his children. His house was "at
the head of Prison Lane, now called Queen Street," -- and he also had land
"on the north-west side of Beacon Hill," and in Roxbury, besides a corn-
mill and a fulling-mill. -- EDS.
3 John Binning and Elizabeth Cooke were married, April 19, 1716, by
Rev. Benjamin Wadsworth, according to Boston Town Records. -- EDS.
80 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1716.
April, 25. Mr. Holyoke is Ordain'd at Marble-head, a
Church being Gather'd there. Mr. Noyes ordain'd. Mr.
Shepard gave the Right Hand of Fellowship.
April, 26. My Son preaches: They that honor me [1
Sam. ii. 30] -- made a good Discourse. Sung 2 ½ Staves
of the 2 part of the 112 Psal. Dr. Cotton Mather, Capt.
Phips, and Mr. Thacher din'd with us. After Dinner I
went with Mr. Thacher to my Sick daughter Hirst.
April, 27. Mr. Bromfield has Prayer at his house re-
specting his son Edward, troubled in mind; and Henry,
on his back. Mr. Sewall began, Mr. Webb followed, Mr.
Mather. Sung part of the 116th ps., which Mr. Sewall
read at Dr. C. Mather's motion, and I set Litchfield Tune.
I desired Prayers for my daughter Hirst, which was done.
April, 28. My wife and I Acknowledged Deeds before
Mr. Bromfield; one to Thomas Jackson, one to Jno Jack-
son, and a third to William Lee.1
May, 1. Super. Court held at Boston by all the Five
May, 2. Mr. Nathan Howell dyes at Oldham's near
1 These deeds were for land on Hull Street. The lot sold to William
Lea, or Lee, is in Suffolk Deeds, vol. xxx. f. 157; the other in vol.
xxxii. f. 118. Mercy, wife of William Lee, shipwright, was a daughter
of John Jackson, housewright, and, with her sisters, Elizabeth and Abigail,
joined in a sale to their brothers, John and Thomas Jackson, recorded in
the same volume. -- EDS.
2 This reference calls to mind an affair in which Sewall was connected
probably with Cotton Mather. The facts are set forth in detail in Mass.
Hist. Soc. Collection, 4th ser. vol. ii. pp. 122-129. It seems that Samuel
Sewall, nephew of our diarist, named Katherine, the widow of this
Nathan Howell, late in December, 1716. She was the only child of John
Mather. (See vol. i. p. 148, note.)
Upon Mr. Howell's death, leaving two sons, Cotton Mather was ap-
1716.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 81
Note. at this Court, the Chief Justice being indispos'd
I was obliged to Condemn the Negro.
Mr. Justice Thomas and I set out for
Calash, lodge at
May, 8. Call and refresh at Wenham. Dine at Stani-
ford's in Ipswich: go by the Ferry over Parker's. Lodge
at Cous. Woodbridge with Mr. Lynde.
May, 9. Bait at Winget's: Dine at Greenland at Jen-
kyns's. From thence as from Winget's with Lt. Col.
Smith. Very hot in going to Mr. Knight's at Bloody
Point. Ferry'd over pleasantly, and were met by the
Sheriff Layson, our Host, with his Wand at the Bank.
Mr. Justice Davenport was with him.
Got comfortably into our Lodging some time before
May, 10. 2 Refreshing Showers. Dispatch'd the Court
this day: yet adjourn'd to morning as last year.
May, 11. Rainy morn. When abated, Ferry'd over
to Mr. Knight; set out from thence after Diner. Got over
Merrimack River by day-light.
May, 12. Go to Ram-Island with Bror Tapan, and
Capt. Greenlef. Dine at Bror Tapan's. Visit my Re-
May, 13. Lord's Super administered by Mr. Christo-
pher Tapan. Din'd with Col. Noyes. In the evening I
had an inkling that two Merchants came from Ipswich.l
pointed administrator. Mather seems to have neglected his trust, and prob-
ably got into personal difficulties with young Sewall, his new son-in-law.
Hence, on April 13, 1720, an anonymous letter was sent to Judge Sewall,
praying for some favor to be shown the administrator, and especially bitter
against Mrs. Katherine Sewall. Mr. Savage was entirely of the opinion that
Mather wrote the letter. At all events, it should be studied as showing an
episode of Sewall's life which he has not recorded in his diary. -- EDS.
1 A breach of the law for the Lord's Day, as follows: "That no traveller,
drover, horse-courser, waggoner, butcher, higler [pedler], or any of their
servants, shall travel on that day, or any part thereof, except by some ad-
versity they were belated and forced to lodge in the woods, wilderness or
highways the night before; and in such case to travel no further than the
82 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1716.
I said, How shall I do to avoid Fining them? I examined
Richard Gerrish. As I understood him, they lodg'd at
Major Epes's on Satterday night, and went to the publick
Worship there; and when the Afternoon Exercise was
over, came to Newbury. They Travailed not in Service
had a Ship at
wanted their Dispatch. Alleg'd that Mr. Peter La Blond
was gone sick to Bed. I took his word to speak with me
in the morning. I consulted with Col. Thomas, who in-
clin'd to admonish them as young, and strangers, and let
Newbury, May, 14. 1716. By long and by late I spake
with Mr. Richard Gerrish junr, and Mr. Peter La Blond,1 by
whom I understand they were at Mr. Wigglesworth in
the morning, and at Ipswich Meeting in the Afternoon.
Being in a strait, I had pray'd to God to direct. I con-
sider'd Col. Thomas was not a Justice there; that this
Profanation of the Sabbath was very great; and the
Transgressors fleeting from Town to Town and County
to County could rarely be Censured. On the other hand
they were young, Mr. La Blond's Mother my Neighbour,
Mr. Gerrish had a smell of Relation: both of them of
another Province; and I fear'd lest my Cousin's Cus-
tom might be lessn'd by it, because I had the Information
from her Husband, whose wife, my Cousin, was a Gerrish,
and Cousin to this Richd Gerrish, only Child of Capt.
Richd Gerrish of the Bank.2 Mr. La Blond apear'd brisk
next inn or place of shelter, upon the penalty of twenty shillings." Province
Laws, vol. i. p. .58. A single justice had jurisdiction in his own county. --
1 Perhaps the son of James Leblond, whose will of Oct. 17, 1700 (Suff.
Wills, lib. 18, f. 185), leaves his children to the care of his wife Anne. He
lived at the
upper end of
estate of the widow was granted, Nov. 3, 1730, to son James. -- EDS.
2 What with the "smell of relationship" about one of the culprits, busi-
ness interests, and other considerations in the case, the scrupu1ous judge
seems to have been driven to an exercise of his skill in casuistry. -- EDS.
1716.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 83
as if he ail'd Nothing. I came to this Resolution, that if
at they would make such a submission as this I would let
them pass; viz: We do acknowledge our Transgressions
as of the Law in Travailing upon the Lord's Day, May, 13.
1716. And do promise not to offend in the like kind
hereafter, as witness our Hands
PETER LA BLOND.
This Offer they rejected with some Disdain, and Mr.
La Blond paid me a 30s and 10s Bill of Credit for both
their Fines. I imediately paid it to Samuel Moodey, Se-
lectman of Newbury (They have no Town-Treasurer).
Cousin Moses Gerrish rode before and brought him to his
Mother's. And then conducted us to his house on the
North side of the River. Parker, Whither Mr. Sheriff
Denison came to us with Mr. Appleton, Mr. Berry and
undersheriff Gains. Din'd at Bror Moodey's, Sister was
sick. Rid to Ipswich, got to my Lodgeing rather before
Sunset. Met Mr. Dudley between the Bridge, and Mr.
not worse. Laus Deo.
Superr Court at Ipswich, May 19. Here Mr. Hern
informs me that Gerrish and La Blond went from Platt's
at Salem on the Lord's Day morn; He spake to them
against it; They said they could but pay 5s. Ferryman
pt. told me, Two were carried over about the time of going
to Meeting. Crompton informs me that they were at his
house, and went not to Meeting at Ipswich: Went away
late in the Afternoon: So that they Travail'd 22. Miles or
more that day. I hope God heard my Prayer, and di-
rected me to do Right, and Accepted me.
May, 16. adjourn'd sine die. Din'd at Col. Francs
Wainwright's House. Went to Salem; In the way met
people coming from Beverly Lecture; would fain have
May, 17. Rode to Meadforth with Col. Thomas in his
84 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1716.
Calash; visited Cousin Porter after her Lyeing in; Din'd
with her Husband and Mother. From thence went on
Horse-back. Got home early, and found all well. Laus
May, 23. Council dine in the Council Chamber: Many
invited, so that Three Tables were fill'd: Had no Musick,
though the Lieut Govr had promised it. About the 21.
Govr asked the Council's Advice about a
graph taken out of the Flying Post 1 printed by Fleet:
Lieut Govr spake very Coursly of cousin Wm Dumer;
This fellow, and I think worse; I said He was a Gentle-
man, and his Father and Grandfather, which calm'd the
Lieut Govr, and brought him to better Language. It
apear'd that Wm Duller, with Wm Dudley and Francis
Wainwright, spake to the Printer to do it; Capt Panton
came in but said his being there was by accident, he knew
nothing of it. I said at same time, "There are some men
in the world are so mortally sick of the Plague of Selfish-
ness, that except they might be Charioteers they wish'd
the Chariot burnt, or off the Wheels, I was for upholding
Government whether in or out of it."
At, last the Council voted, it tended to the disturbance
of the Government. Lt. Govr and Council order'd me to
Reprimand Mr. Dummer. Having confronted the Lt Govr
in his Favour, I finally was forc'd to do it. I told him
how intolerable it was for privat persons to print Reflec-
1 We cannot explain satisfactorily this reference. The only regular
newspaper in Boston was the "Boston News-Letter," begun April 24, 1704,
and owned by John Campbell, the post-master. The second paper was the
"Boston Gazette," founded Dec. 21, 1719, by William Brooker, the new
post-master. The third was James Franklin's "New-England Courant,"
first issued Aug. 17, 1721.
There was the "London Flying Post," and it is probable that Thomas
where he printed pamphlets, ballads, &c., may have occasionally reprinted
numbers of an English paper. It may be that he issued a " Flying Post "
as a broadside. -- EDS.
1716.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 85
tions and Censures on the highest Acts of Government;
To do it on one part was to do it on all; for they must
be Together. Twas ill done of them who printed it in
London, and twas ill done of them that carried it on here.
Mr. Bromfield had inform'd that he treated him scurvily
by saying, They did not treat him as a Gentleman to send
for him so often. I took notice of that; said twas easier
for men to Comit a fault, than to bear to be told of it; he
had therein forgot his Breeding. About 190. [copies]
were left with Mr. Dumer's wife by Fleet. Dumer said
he knew not what was become of them, own'd he had
seen the prints at his House. But it apear'd his Bror
Wainwright dispers'd them after the Lt Govr had vehe-
mently forbid it. Wm Dudley, though sumon'd, did not
apear. Was sumon'd again, excus'd himself by the Foul-
ness of the Wether, his Father's Sickness. It seem'd to
be very ill design'd to throw us into confusion just at the
June, 3. Mr. Williams of Derefield preaches with us.
June, 4. The News-Letter comes out with Col. Bur-
gess's Health. Lt Govr's Speech, &c.
Third day June 5. Certain News is brought that
Samuel Shute is made our Govr, to our great Joy. Mr.
Lord is our Judge. Isa. 33. 22. Order is taken to send
for the Packet from the Ship; and the Letter to Col. Bur-
gess is now to Col. Shute, which I could not vote to. Lt
Govr sat in his Chair, and Earnestly Call'd for it; had
procur'd the Comittee to put it in as I aprehend: Col.
Byfield was Chair-man. The new Clause is, that would
do what in him lies for the Interest and Welfare of the
Province, especially for the Continuance of the Lt Govr.
While Case was hearing, I went to our privat Meeting,
where my Son Mr. Joseph Sewall pray'd Excellently for
his Sister Hirst, Tho. Sewall, Henry Bromfield. Read 40 ,
odd pages of Dr. Goodwin's Sermon on Things Not Seen.
86 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1716.
Mr. Tilly concluded. Mr. Franklin was not present,
nor Cole. I think but one woman of the Meeting, Mrs.
Tilly. Madam Usher, and her daughter Clark there,
Tilly-Clark.1 The Lord be with us!
June, 8. Treasurer, Attorney Gen1, Comissioner for
Impost elected. The first and Last had in a maner all
the Votes. In the Attorney's Choice Voters were about
95. and Mr. Paul Dudley had 67. This day I received a
Letter full of Vile Reproaches, which I desire to spread
before the Lord!
June, 15. Cambridge Resolved by the Council to be
the Shire-Town for Middlesex, after the Hearing. This
was Non-concur'd by the Deputies.
Visit Mr. Pemberton, who read me his Letters about
Govr Shute. Mrs. Margaret Leverett is taken mortally
sick at Mrs. Johnson's.2
June, 16. Dy'd about 2 or 3 hours past Midnight.
by Water in her Coffin to
June, 18. Buried. My Son went thither in Madam
Winthrop's Coach. Poor Mary Hirst had Gloves and
went with Mrs. Wendal. Bearers, Mr. Robie, Denison;
Mr. Hall, Foxcroft; Mr. Brattle went not out.
Thomas Sewall is very Sick still; my Son thinks mor-
June, 20. I went over to Charlestown in the morn,
and drave a Pin in Charlestown Meetinghouse, in the
Corner-post next Mr. Bradstreet's; gave an Angel.3 I sat
1 Perhaps this relates to some church quarrel. Among the admissions to
the Old South we find William Tylley, March 29, 1691, and Abigail Tilley,
Sept. 3, 1704. -- EDS.
2 This was the seventh child of President John Leverett, by his wife,
the title of Mistress was often given to young ladies of a certain social posi-
tion, without regard to age. -- EDS.
3 It appears from Budington's "History of the First Church, in Charles-
town," p. 115, that this meeting-house was erected according to a vote of
the town, on the site of the old building on the south side of the town hill.
1716.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 87
in the nearest Shop, and saw them raise the 3d post to-
wards the Ferry from the Corner-post. Gave me a Cool
Tankard. Gave Mr. Graves one of my Son's Books. Got
to the Council Chamber before Ten.
Meeting at Mr. Tilly's. I pray'd: Sung the 1, 2, 4, 7,
last half of the 9, and the 14. verses, D. Mrs. Deffores
sent her Maid to invite the Meeting. Madam Usher went
to Braintrey Tuesday, June 19.
I essay'd June, 22, to prevent Indians and Negros
being Rated with Horses and Hogs; but could not pre-
vail.1 Col. Thaxter brought it back, and gave as a reason
of the Non-agreement, They were just going to make a
I had drawn up a Dissent in these Words, "Whereas
Two and Twenty Thousand pounds of the Bills of publick
Credit of this Province were emitted by the General
Court in the year 1711; And the Impost and Excise, and
a Tax of £22,000. on Polls and Estates, to be Raised this
May Sessions, 1716. were Granted as a Fund for drawing
them into the Treasury again; We are humbly of Opinion
that the now Resolving to Raise Eleven Thousand pounds
only, is an unwarrantable diminution of the General
Court's Grant; and tends greatly to weaken the publick
Credit; if the Province should stand in need of the like
Anticipation for the future: For which reason they can-
not come into it."
I show'd this to Col. Hutchinson; but did not find that
I could get him or any, to join with me. I was hereby
confirm'd in my Resolution to Sign no more Bills. And
when the £5000 Emission came up, to be paid 1719, I
said to the Council,
It cost nearly £1,900. It stood until June 17, 1775, when it was burned
with so much of the town by the British troops. -- EDS.
1 Coffm (" History of Newbury," p.188) notes this passage, and gives ex-
amples of such ratings. Sewall's protest was the outcome of his antislavery
feelings, so far in advance of his times. -- EDS.
88 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1716.
Gentlemen, I Thank you for the Employment given me
thus long, which has been very pleasant and profitable to
me. But I am sensible that it wears my Eyes much; and
there are many can do it better than I. And therefore
I entreat you to think of some other person: Foras-
much as I am uncapable of engaging any further in that
Some desired me to serve longer. I offered to carry up
the privat Bill with some minute amendment, respecting
Col. Phips,l his Changing his Name from Benet to Phips;
and to carry back the Emission of £5000. to have the
Plates mentioned on which they were to be made. And
by this means took the advantage of saying the same to
the Deputies I had said to the Council.
June, 23. An order comes up for the Plates; and
Adam Winthrop esqr. is put in my place.
June, 25. Wm Penn's Will is declared Null and Void.2
1 Spencer Bennet, son of Dr. David Bennet, by his wife, Rebecca Spen-
cer, was thus nephew of Dame Mary (Spencer) Phips, wife of Governor Sir
William Phips. Spencer was adopted by his uncle, to the exclusion of the
nephews of the Phips blood and inherited his large property. As Spencer
Phips, he was lieutenant-governor from 1733 till his death, April 4, 1757,
aged seventy-one years. -- EDS.
2 William Penn's will was long in litigation. The first record is in Suff.
Wills, vol. x. f. 459, and is dated Dec. 18, 1688. Penn signs with a mark,
which on the book is copied as an X. The witnesses are John Tucker,
Thomas Lea, and Mary Marsh. It leaves most of his property to his
cousin, Edward Hill, whose wife, Deborah, he had called from Old England
to be his heir, leaving £50 each to cousins Sarah, Hannah, and Edward
But, in 1694, Joseph Hill and Richard
Anthony Penn, of Birmingham, Co. Warwick, nephew and heir-apparent of
the late William Penn, petitioned to have the will cancelled as a forgery.
They claimed that one John Potwine, then or thenafter a son-in-law of
Edward Hill, was the originator of the plot. That he and Deborah Hill
went to Dr. John Lee, who wrote the will according to their instructions,
and that the signature was forged. Lee, however, was not accused of any
guilty knowledge of the forgery. Further, it was said that Mary Marsh was
in Concord at the time and never witnessed the signing.
The witnesses were John Chadwick, aged twenty-nine; Joseph Hill, aged
forty-seven, the varnisher; one Mallestone, the fencing-master, and especially
1716.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 89
26. I told Col. Winthrop, I rejoice in the Justice the
Court have done themselves, and the Honour they have
done me, in putting you in my place. He return'd the
Compliment. Lieut. Jnoson buried.
June, 27. The Court is prorogued to the first of
August. Mr. Newman dines with us. Bror Moodey and
Northend go home.
June, 28. Mr. Thacher, of Milton and Mr. Stone dine
June, 29. Daughter Hirst had a very bad night last
night. Prayer at Madam Willard's. Mr. Jn° Danforth be-
gins, Mr. Henry Bromfield's Case chiefly Spread, Daugh-
ter Hirst, Thomas Sewall; Mr. W ebb prays, Mr. Sewall
preaches Excellently from Psal. 22. 24. Mr. Pemberton
prays Nobly. Mr Expo Mayhew comes to Town. Osburn
arrives. Judge Woodbridges Son to Mr. Hirst from
June, 30. 1716. I visit Thomas Sewall at
Gave him 40s., read Psal 27, John 17th. to him: pray'd with
him at his desire. Visited the President, Condoled Madam
Leverett. Visited my Daughter Hirst when I came home;
Samuel Thompson, of Braintree. This last was an old friend of Penn's,
and had charge of a former will. This he says he gave up to Mr. Hill, Dr.
Bullivant, and Dr. Lee, when they came for it. But he says' that Penn
always signed "with a Roman doblew with the heels upward," thus, M.
Lieutenant-Governor Stoughton, however, dismissed the appeal then, for
lack of evidence to prove a fraud.
The final decision is given in the following extract from the Council
Records, June 25,1716: "A full hearing having been had before this
Board, the twenty first current, upon the Petition of Joseph Hill and
Richard Draper, Attorneys of Anthony Penn of Birmingham and Mary
Ensor of Dennington in Great Britain,