COLLECTIONS

 

OF THE

 

 

MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY.


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Electronic Version Prepared by

Dr. Ted Hildebrandt 6/5/2002

Gordon College, 255 Grapevine Rd.

Wenham, MA. 01984

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Committee of Publication

 

GEORGE E. ELLIS.

WILLIAM H. WHITMORE.

HENRY WARREN TORREY.

JAMES RUSSELL LOWELL.

 


 

 

COLLECTIONS

 

OF THE

 

 

MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

 

VOL. VII. FIFTH SERIES.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BOSTON:

PUBLISHED BY THE SOCIETY.

M.DCCC.LXXXII.


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UNIVERSITY PRESS:

JOHN WILSON AND SON, CAMBRIDGE.

 

 

 

 

 

 

SECOND EDITION.


 

 

 

 

PREFATORY NOTE

 

This volume, the third of the series of the SEWALL PAPERS,

completes the publication from the manuscript diary of Judge

Sewall, in the Cabinet of the Society.

The most important of his other papers in our possession

is a very large volume, much of it closely written, contain-

ing his correspondence, with miscellaneous matter. It is

intended that the contents of this volume, also, shall be

transcribed; but it has not as yet been decided whether the

whole of its contents, which would fill at least two volumes

of our series, shall be published, or only such a selection of

its more important papers as might be gathered into one

volume.


 

 

 

DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL.

 

 

[Judge Sewall having gone from home to hold court, the following ex-

tracts, enclosed between asterisks, are from entries in the small volume

which he carried with him, labelled "Magunkaquog," See Vol. II., p.

425.]

* May 10. 1714. To Sarah, the Wife of John Ballard, Ship Car-

penter, in Boston, for crying Jacob Comfort last Satterday. To the

said Ballard for keeping of him from Friday last, 3s Five in all.

0. 5. O.

May 10. Went Towards Kittery in a Calash. Lodged at Mr.

Gerrish's at Wenham.

May 11. Visited Sister Northend. Mrs. Phillips, Mr. Payson.

Din'd at Cousirr Woodbridge's, at Newbury, went on to Hampton,

to Capt Wingat's. The Rev. Seaborn Cotton, Pastor of the Church

at Hampton, nigh 30 years, died April 10. 1686. Aetat. LIIII.

Doctr Benjamin Dole, aged about 27 years, departed, May 8. 1707.

Robert Smith, aged 95, died Augt. 30. 1706.

May 12. In a piece of a Gazett, mentioned, A large Dromedary

seven foot high, and 12 foot long, taken from the Turks at the Siege

of Vienna, to be sold.

Midweek, May 12. Went to Brewster, the Anchor in the Plain:

got thither about 11: staid there for Mr. Justice Thomas and Lynde.

We din'd together there. Took Joseph Brewster for our guide, and

went to Town. Essay'd to be quarter'd at Mr. Knight's, but he not

being at home, his Wife refused us. I accepted Mr. Penhallow's

Invitation by his Maid. Not being able to get Hay, sent our Horses

to Pasture on Kittery side. Waited on His Excellency at Col. Par-

ker's, who seemed to receive us with passionat Respect. Went to

our Lodgings, I to Mr. Penhallow's, Col. Thomas to Capt. Went-

worth's, Mr. Lynde to Capt. Plaisteed.

Portsmouth in New Hampshire. Mr. Nathanl Rogers, May 13,

1714. Publick Fast.*

VOL. III.

1


2 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1714.

 

*[Judge Sewall h.as notes of the sermons on both parts of the day from

the same text, Matt. vi. 11., the subject being continued.]

Hic jacet sepultus Thomas Daniel1 Armig. qui hanc fragilem pro

imutabili, vitam commutavit, 13 Novs. Ano Salutis Nostrae 1683,

Anoq. Aetatis suae, 49.

Superior Court Held at the house of Mr. Curtis at Spruce Click

in Kittery in the County of York, by Adjournment, Friday, May 14.

1714. per Three Justices; viz, Sewall, Thomas, Lynde. Grand Jury

18, Mr. Joseph Hill, Foreman. Jury of Trials, Mr. Richard Cutt,

Foreman. Raine against Woodman, Apeal, Demur on Title of Land.

Hubbard against Hambleton. Demur. on Title of Land.

I paid at Curtis's 1.8.

Portsmouth, May 15. 1714. Gave Major William Vaughan,

Twenty-Eight pounds in full of all Demands and took his Receipt,

28. 0. 0.

Mr. Tapin, May 16. 1714. a. m.

[Notes of the sermons on both parts of the day are entered. We copy

only the improvement of the afternoon discourse.]

Christians of the greatest excellency are compar'd to Vessels

of Gold. Are pure, precious, will endure the Fire. Are fill'd with

all the Graces of God's Spirit. Christians that do not excell are

compar'd to Silver; persons of Lesser piety, though truly piety.

Use. Labour to be Vessels of Gold, or at least of Silyer.

Superior Court at Ipswich, May 18. 1714. Held by Three Jus-

tices, Sewall, Thomas, Lynde. Grand Jury 23. Mr. Saml. Hart, Fore-

man. Jury Trials, Capt Dan'l Rindge, Foreman.

Noyes against Adams, Guardian to Thurlow, 2d Jury Trials, Mr.

William Moodey, Foreman.

Davison against Silver. Trespass and Ejectment. John Harts-

horn's Deed to his Son, John Hartshorn, Acknowledg'd, June 30.

1703. Recorded, Nov. 21. 1704. Davison's Writt served and the

house Attached, Sept. 9. 1704. Execution served Decr. 12. 1704, by

Nicholas Davison, Son of the Apellant and his Deputy, and the said

Nicholas Davison chose the Aprisers.

Mr. George Corwin, May 19. 1714, day of his Ordination.

[As the notes of the sermon which follow indicate the standard set for

the ministry at that time, they are here transcribed.]

2 Cor. 2. 16. And who is sufficient for these Things? How weighty,

how difficult a work.*

 

1 Doubtless the Thomas Daniel, of Portsmouth, who married Bridget

Cutt. His widow married Thomas Graffort, Dec. 11, 1684. See Brewster's

Rambles about Portsmouth, N. H. -- EDS.


1714.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 3

 

*Doctrine. The Employment of the Ministry is a work so difficult

that no man of himself is sufficient therefor.

Proposition 1. The Employment of the Ministry is a Work.

They that charge Ministers with idleness, do it out of gross igno-

ranee. Is constituted a Ruler over God's House. What weightier

Work than Government? Husbandry a laborious Work 1 Cor 3

6. 7. 8. 9. I have planted. We are Laborers together with God

Tim. A Good Work, for which there is no Respit.

Prop. 2. Employment of the Ministry is a most difficult Work.

Superior Aid and Assistance Souls of Men the Object.

The Salvation of them. Imortal Spirits, they are the Guardians of

them. Exposed to Lethargy. That may receive forgiveness of Sins

and an Inheritance among them that are Sanctified. What more

difficult than this? Nothing being of equal value to Men's Souls,

Care must be Answerable.

From Metaphors whereby their employment is signified. Hus-

bandry. Builders; Shepherds. Watchmen, Ezek. 3. Must deny

himself, not sleep, that others may rest the more securely. Stew-

ards, 1 Cor. 4. 1. Of the Mysteries of God: requires prudence,

faithfulness. Luke, 12. 42. Ambassadors for Christ, 2 Cor. 5. 20

very difficult to be rightly discharg'd; to know rightly to manage

between God and his Rebellious Subjects.

From the degree of Knowledge requisite for those that undertake

this Work. That build not Straw and Stubble. Resist Gainsayers.

Convince them. From that vast variety of Work that lyes upon

their Hand. Publick Duties. Praying with and for the Congrega-

tion. Suiting each occasion, Dispensing the Word most profitable

for the Auditory. Speaking without Fear or Affection. Seek out

acceptable Words, and yet not Men-pleasing. Administring Ordi-

nances. Not cast pearls before Swine, nor keeping any away to

whom they are due. Privat, Visit, pray for them, comfort them in

critical hours, that, if possible, they may be saved. That conform

himself as much as possible to all Humors. 1 Cor. 9. 19. That I might

gain the more; become all things to all. Lambs to be led gently, Isa.

23: weak to be fed with Milk. Rich. Poor. To accomodat our-

selves to all these is no easy thing.

In regard of the peculiarly strict an Exemplary Conversation re-

quir'd of a Minister. All his Actions ly open to view. 1 Tim. 4. 12.

Let no man despise thy youth: but be thou an example. 1 Pet. 5. 1.

Ensamples to the Flock. Practising before them what you exhort

them to. Nothing more disserviceable to Religion than the loose

conversation of men in Sacred Orders. Many watch for their Halt-

ings. Must have a good Report of them that are without. Ought*

 


4 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1714.

 

*to be able to refer their people to their own Practise. Walk so as

you have us for an Example. Who sufficient.

Prop. 3. No man is himself sufficient for this great Work. But

our Sufficiency is of God. No wonder that some of the most able

have been difficultly drawn to this work, that the Excellency of

the power may be of God, not of us.

Use. Infer. 1. The extream mistake of those who look upon the

Work of the Ministry as a light and easy Work.

Infer. 2. Extream Rashness and Weakness of those who hurry

precipitately into the Work of the Ministry.

Infer. 3. Should quicken Ministers under a deeper sense of their

insufficiency, to repair to God for Help.

Am call'd this day to preach in a peculiar mailer to myself. Tis

God's Business they go about.

Infer. 4. Should beget in the people a hearty pity and concern

for their Ministers, and excite their fervent Prayers for them. En-

courage them. Strengthen their hands. Make their work as easy

to them as they can. Attend to their Ministry. Profit by it. When

do thus, may hope for God's Blessing on their Ministry.*

 

May, 26 [1714]. Election-day. Three chosen in the

room of Peter Sergeant esqr, deceased,1 Major Wm Brown,

1 This reference to Peter Sergeant will serve as a pretext to correct an

error in a note in Vol. II. p. 174. Mr. H. F. Waters informs us that Ser-

geant had four wives, as appears by the following item in his will: "I give

and bequeath to my much Respected and Kind Brother and Sister-in-Law,

Eliakim Hutchinson, esqr. and Sarah his wife, and to their children, viz.

Messrs. William Hutchinson and wife and Thomas Palmer and wife and

Spencer Phipps and wife, 10 each, amounting in the whole to 80 to buy

them mourning." "I give and bequeath to the aforesaid Mrs. Sarah Hutch-

inson and the two children of Mrs. Abigail Bourne of London decd, sisters to

Elizabeth my second wife" . . . 200.

This wife was therefore Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Shrimpton, and

this confirms our note (Vol. II. p. 203) in regard to Spencer Phips's wife.

Mr. Waters adds that Sergeant's first wife was clearly a daughter of Capt.

George Corwin (see New England Hist. Gen. Register, Vol. XXVIII. p. 200),

as is shown by a letter of Corwin in the American Antiquarian Society

Library, dated May, 1683. Mr. Waters suggests that she was named Eliza-

beth, and is probably mentioned by Sewall (Vol. II. Preface, p. 13*), as fol-

lows: 1681, Dec. 23, "two of the chief Gentlewomen in Town dyed, -- viz.

Mrs. Mary Davis and Mrs Eliza. Sargent."

His third wife was Lady Mary Phips, and his fourth, Mrs. Mehitable

Cooper. -- EDS.


1714.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 5

 

who has not been here in town this year, or two, Mr.

Daniel Epes.

May, 27. Govr [Dudley] approves of all but Col. By-

field whom, being absent, he leaves to further Considera-

tion p, m. 25 Sworn.

June, 3. It seems Nathanl Byfield esqr. is compleatly

Negativ'd,1 which I knew not till was now call'd to a New

Election: Voters 91. Dr. John Clark has 51. Votes. At

first declines serving; Afterwards accepts and is sworn

about the 9th June. On the Eleventh of June, makes the

Council a Noble Treat at his house. Lieut Govr [Tailer],

Genl Nicholson, Col. Byfield, Col. Brown there. Dr. C.

Mather crav'd a Blessing. Great Thunder and Lighten-

ing while we were there. Mr. Secretary [Addington]

and I came away first with borrowed Cloaks. Note. Govr

and Mr. Comissary [Belcher] went to Weston this day to

Mr. Williams's, I supose on account of his daughter's Mar-

riage to Mr. Wm Dumer.2 So they not at Dr. Clark's.

 

1 Hutchinson says (Hist., II. 211) that Byfield was judge of the Admi-

ralty, 1703-15. "He complained of being injuriously reproved by Mr.

Dudley, in council, for some allege errors in judicial proceedings, and was

after that always in the opposition." The power of the Governor to veto

the election of members of his Council was often exercised or reasons

purely personal and arbitrary. -- EDS.

2 William Dummer married, April 26, 1714, Catherine, the twelfth child

of Governor Joseph Dudley, and sister of Rebecca Dudley, who was then the

unhappy wife of Samuel Sewall, Jr. He was the son of Jeremiah Dummer,

the second cousin of our journalist. Dummer's promotion was rapid

after this time; he was Lieutenant-Governor under Shute, 1716-23, acting

Governor for nearly five years, 1723-1728, and again at Burnet's death,

He died at Boston, Oct. 10, 1761, aged eighty-two. Hutchinson (Hist., II.

368) speaks highly of him: "His general aim was to do public service."

By his will he founded Dummer Academy, in Newbury, a perpetual monu-

ment to his fame.

From the reference to Weston, we presume that Dummer's marriage was

celebrated there. The minister there was Rev. William Williams, H. C.

1705, son of Rev. William Williams, of Hatfield. The latter married Eliza-

beth, daughter of Rev. Seaborn Cotton, by his wife, Dorothy Bradstreet,

niece of Governor Joseph Dudley. Owing to the large families in this line,

it seems that the bride was own cousin to the grandmother of the officiating

clergyman; and yet she was only twenty-four years old. -- EDS.


6 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1714.

 

My Son and daughter went not to Weston. This Court

the Deputies send in a Bill to complain of a Duty laid on

Boards brought from Kittery and Berwick, by the Gov-

ernment of New-Hampshire: Govr intimated as if the Act

was only for Boards cut in New Hampshire. I mov'd

that the Copy of the Act might be sent for. Mr. Secre-

tary writ a Letter, which the Govr Sign'd; But after

several posts, no copy came. At last the Deputies had

Affidavits from several, of their being compel'd to pay the

Duty, and desired a Comittee might be named to find out

a Remedy; which they propos'd by laying a Duty on

Wines from thence &c. The Govr now grew Warm, and

plainly Espous'd the New-Hampshire Interest: And said

nothing could be said to it, except we had the Act before

us. He would sooner have his hand cut off, than sign

such an Act as the Comittee offer'd. I said the laying

such a Duty on our Boards was unjust; which the Govr

resented, blaming me for my Heat. Extenuated the mat-

ter as if twould come but to about 15. Whereas Mr.

Comissary said it would come to 500. per anum. At

last the Deputies sent in this Resolve:

In the House of Representatives.

JUNE, 25. 1714.

Voted, That the Inhabitants of this Province being obliged to

pay a Duty for Goods brought out of our own Province from the

River comonly called Piscataqua River, by the Officers of New-

Hampshire; Is a great Grievance and Abuse to Her Majs good Sub-

jects of this Province, highly injurious to the Government, and a

Breach of the Good Correspondence between the Provinces.

JOHN BURRILL, Speaker.

 

The Govr writ a few Lines offering some to be sent to

New-Hampshire to confer about this matter. Deputies

sent in a Negative to it by a Message; one part of their

Answer was because it imported our inability to help our

selves. Court was prorogued to the 18th August. Depu-

ties sent for the Bill of the Judges Salary, and made it


1714.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 7

 

Two Hundred and Fifty pounds; adding Fifty pounds.

After the Court was risen, I presented the Speaker with

Mr. Colman's Book of the Virgins.

Just after I saw Mr. Pemberton, by Mr. Gerrishe's

Shop: I told him the Court was prorogu'd. He and I

after a little Space walk'd together, he was going, it

seems, to Madam Saltonstall's: I went with him having

Election-Sermons in my Pocket. When we came against

Mr. Myles's he vehemently upbraided me with the un-

civil Treatment he met with when he pray'd with the

Council; as if were us'd like a Boy. They pointed to

him. It put him in mind of what Mr. Belchar had told

him of Hanover, their setting a youth to Crave a Bless-

ing. I said We were of another mind or else would not

take the pains to get the Divines of the Town. No body

went with him to the door. I said I supos'd twas a meer

accident. No body asked him whether he were out of

breath. As to this last it behooved him to have step'd

into Mr, Gerrishes Shop, or some other convenient place,

till he had taken breath. As to the pointing, I aprehend

it was thus; Just as he came in, there was a great Mes-

sage from the Deputies; and the Lieut. Govr with his

hand directed him to go into the Closet till that was over.

Mr. Pemberton could not fairly complain of this, and not

being enquired of whether he were out of Breath, at the

same time, I am sure I endeavour'd with respect to de-

sire Mr. Pemberton to take his Turn with the other Min-

isters. He at last consented. Only as the week began

with Friday, he desired to be excus'd till the begining of

the week following, by which means Friday and Satter-

day were suplied by my Son out of his Turn. And then

the next week, one morning, Govr Saltonstall was with

Mr. Pemberton; and he declined coming upon that score

1 "Practical Discourses on the Parable of the Ten Virgins," &c., &c.

First published in 1707. -- EDS.


8 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1714.

 

and sent the Messenger to my Son. Althoo, Mr. Pember-

ton had been' fill'd with Gr Saltonstall's company before.

July, 1. I rec'd Money of Mr. Palmer, and waited on

Mr. Pemberton with 20s. He hardly rec'd it: Mention'd

the great inconvenience he was under by attending the

Council; how he was fain to put nature by its course;

how he had bled. I told him if it was so prejudicial to

him, it should not be Exacted of him.

July, 5. I went to Mr. Pemberton, found Mr. Comis-

sary and Mr. Bromfield there. They began to speak to

me about Deacons, some of ours very old and infirm.

Mr. Pemberton spake how much Col. Checkley was

broken; which I had not observ'd. Mention'd the ex-

pediency of adding to their number. Nam'd Mr. Daniel

Oliver: I said I should like him very well if he would

Accept. Then nam' d Mr. Sam. Phillips: I said nothing.

But said, I had need of a List of the Church members be-

fore I could speak to it. Mr. Pemberton said he was a

man of Substance; seemed to be much for him. When

they were gon, (I think twas then) I mentioned to Mr.

Pemberton Mr. Dorr's 1 Question. An Essentiae Rerum

sint aeternae? Affirmat.

Mr. Pemberton seem'd to approve of it. When he did

not explain it to my satisfaction; He said, I have for-

got my Philosophy. Upon my mentioning Divinity, He

said, There was nothing of Divinity in it. This he spoke

with an Air of displeasure. I came away, Meeting Mr.

Remington in the Street I told him of it, and desired him

to speak to the President; and by Mr. Higginson next

day I received a kind Letter from the President with a

Master's Thesis in it corrected as it now stands. I re-

turn'd an Answer of Thanks in another Letter.

Comencement-day, July, 7th. I go with Joseph; Mitch-

1 Joseph Dorr, A.B., 1711. His" M~ter's Thesis" would belong to

1714. -- EDS.


1714.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 9

 

ell Sewall was in the Boat. Mr. Eaton took us up a Cal-

ash, and so we rid comfortably from the River; went to

the President's, visited Mr. Brattle. Mr. Flynt is indis-

pos'd and retired to Col. Goff's. Go to the College and

quickly into the Meetinghouse. The Govr and Govr

Saltonstall their chariot fail'd at B. White's: were fain

to stay there while Brill could fetch the Coach; which

made the Govr late. Foxcroft makes the Oration, a good

one. After Dinner, the Govr and Overseers order the

Comencement to be kept on the last Wednesday in Aug-

ust anually: because of the Heat &c. The Governour,

Govr Nicholson, and Govr Saltonstall, the Lieut Govr, Mr.

Secretary, Sewall, Mr. Smith. After the Exercise I and

my Son visited Sir Foxcroft, Sir Thaxter, Sir Hobart. 1

Left Mitchel Sewall at Cambridge; and took Sam. Hirst .

with us; quickly lit of a Calash, came over in the Boat

with Mr. Wadsworth and from thence to his house and

home. Laus Deo.

July, 2. Mr. Sol. Stoddard preach'd at his Brother's.

I was there.

July, 10. Had Mr. Sol. Stoddard, and Mr. Simeon

Stoddard at Diner with us. Mrs. Eliza. Hirst was with

us by mere accident unknown to me.

July, 13. 1714. Mr. Sol. Stoddard returns; went out

of Town in his Brother's Coach. P. m. I lay a Brick in

Mr. Colman's House building near his Meetinghouse:

gave Hill the Mason 3s; Cophee call'd him from above.

This Cophee tells me he gives Mr. Pemberton 40. for

his Time, that he might be with his wife. I gave him

5s to help him.

July 16. Friday, About 2 p. m. Is a great Flash of

Lightening, and terrible Clap of Thunder; hardly any

preceded or succeeded it. It struck Col. Vetch's house

that bought of Capt. Wyllys's Heir, the end of the Kitchen

 

1 Graduates of 1714. -- EDS.


10 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1714.

 

next Pollard's.1 Split the principal Rafter next that end,

to the purloin [purlin]. Ript off the Clap-boards, loos-

ened many more; plough'd off the cieling of that end wall

here and there in a Line; lifted up the Sash window,

broke one of the squares; knocked down two boys that

stood by the dresser. Tis the more Melancholick, because

Madam Vetch is just removing thither; though the Work

of Transformation be not finished.

Seventh-day, July, 17. Benj. Larnell2 apears to have

a Fever by being delirious: Mr. Oakes was not apre-

hensive of it, and came not to enquire how his Purge;

wrought. I called Mr. Cutler who administers to him.

Burne Watches.

Lords-Day, July. 18. I put up a Note. Mr. Pemberton

prays expressly and largely for him: p. m. Mrs. Williams

visits him. Nota. Between 6 and 7, is a Council at Mr.

P. Dudley's. Col. Nicholson, Govr Saltonstall there. Col.

Whiting. Ten of the Council, who advis'd the Govr. to

proceed Eastward notwithstanding what Genl Nicholson

had received from Govr Hunter about Jealousies lest the

5. Nations should be debauch'd by Mary-Land Indians and

those of Quebeck.

July, 19. Began to rain about 11. at night; held all

night, and this morning, Laus Deo. When it held up, I

went to Mr. Pemberton's, desired him to come and pray

 

1 We have mentioned Col. Vetch in Vol. ll. p. 142. His house bought

of Capt. Wyllys's heirs, is thus described in Suff. Deeds, lib. 26, fol. 159.

"April 18, 1712, Elizabeth Willey, widow, and Ruth Willey, singlewoman,

only dau. and gr. dau. of Edward Willys, decd, sell to Samuel Vetch for 400,

the dwelling-house of said E. W. in Boston, bounded north-east on land

of Arthur Mason, 213 feet: south-east on John Frost, decd, and William

Wheeler 142 feet: south west on Winter street, 213 1/2 feet, and north-west on

Common street, 152 feet."

March 22d 1713-14. Samuel Vetch and wife Margaret sold this house

and land for 1050, N. E. currency, to Capt. Thomas Steel. Witnesses

Phillip Verplank, Murdoch McKiver, and Henry Nicholson. -- EDS.

2 He was an Indian youth, a student in Harvard College at Sewall's

charge. -- EDS.

1714.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 11

 

with my Family before he went; he said he had a great

deal of Business; yet I had some expectation of his coming,

and forbore to ask my son to pray that might the more

reserve our selves for him. He came not. In the After-

noon I went to have accompanied the Gentlemen to the

Sloop, but they were gon a little before, before 4 o'clock.

July, 20. My Son comes to our House and prays for

Larnell in his Mother's Bed-chamber; I, his Mother, and

Sister Hanah present. Judith was gon to her Brother's

to sojourn, her Mother hastening her away because of

Larnell's Sickness.

July 22. Midweek. Benja Larnell expired last night

about Midnight. Was delirious to the last as far as I can

perceive. I left him about 11. Buried this day. Bear-

ers Sparhawk Welsteed. Moodey Gray.Allen Gee.

Students of Harvard College. They had white Scarvs

and Gloves. I and the President went next the Corps.

Had underbearers. Is laid in the New Burying place.

The Note that I put up at Lecture was, " Prayers are de-

sired that God would graciously Grant a suitable Improve-

ment of the Death of Benja Larnell, Student of Harvard

College." I spake to Mr. Wadsworth of his death, be-

held all time in the Morning. He pray'd very well about this

Article.

July, 25. Mr. Timothy Cutler preaches at the South

in the Morning. Prays excellently for Mr. Pemberton at

Portsmouth, and for my Son.

July, 27. Go to Cambridge with Mr. Attorney; Mr.

Sheriff; I think 2 under-sheriffs, Mr. Bordman, Capt.

Parker, waited on us from Charlestown.

July, 28. 1714. According to my Promise, I carried

my daughter Hanah to Meadford to visit Cousin Porter

lyeing in; In her Mother's Name she presented her Cousin

with a red Coat for her little Aaron,1 blew facing for the

 

1 See Exodus, Chap. XXXIX. -- EDS.


12 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1714.

 

sleeves, Galoon. Cost about 12s. 2d. I carried her 3.

oranges. Gave the Nurse 2s. Maid ls. Hanah gave the

Nurse 1s.; got thither about 1. Over the Ferry before

dark: 5s for the Calash.

Mr. Porter went to Salem on Monday and was not

come home, though the Sun scarce half an hour high

when we came away. Laus Deo. This day a fine Boy,

Saml Stone, 9 years old next Octobr. was playing with

other children about a pile of Stick'd Boards, which fell

down upon him and so bruised and broke him, that he

died on Thorsday about 6. p. m. Breath'd and spake

about 25 hours. Alas! Alas!

July, 26. Mr. Colman preach'd Mr. Pemberton's Lec-

ture. Deming, and Baker din'd with us. Comissioners

met to give Govr Saltonstall an Oportunity to vindicate

himself relating to the Pequot and Mohegan Indians. I

treated the Govr. and Comissioners with a Glass of New

Canary, 3s a Bottle.

Genl Nicholson arrived not at Piscataqua till Monday

July, 26. p. m.

Friday, July, 30. Govr returns by Land, and the Sloop

with the Gentlemen in her arrive.

Satterday July, 31. The Govr holds a Council to ad-

vise what Measures to take as to the Man evil-entreated

by Indians between Hatfield and Dearfield: pull'd him off

his Horse by the Hair of the Head, strip'd him, threaten'd

to kill him: Said they did it on account of the servant

Maid taken from one of the 4 Indians that went for Eng-

land. Govr writes to Col. Partridge to send Capt. Shel-

don to Albany to try to compose this Difference. Govr

Saltonstall present at this Council.

Augt 3. Govr Saltonstall returns with his Lady. Col.

Saml Apleton goes with him, set out about 7. m.

John Cunable takes measure for a window in my wive's

Bed-Chamber to the North-east; because of so many

buildings darkening us to the Southwest. Augt. 4. How-


[1714.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 13

 

ell, the Cabinet-maker, takes down the closet that stands

in the corner, to make way for the window. Fifth-day,

Augt. 5th. Fast for Rain at the Lecture. I keep at home

by reason of my swell'd face, though tis something fallen

from what twas yesterday. Note. about 2. p. m. Hanah was

coming hastily down the new Stairs, fell, and broke the

Pan of her Right Knee in two; one part went upward,

the other downward. I got her down and set her in my

chair, sent for Dr. Cutler: who told us how it was; we

led her up into her Chamber: Neighbour Hamilton and

others came in and got her to bed, then Dr. Cutler bath'd

it, with spirits of Wine, put on a large Plaister, then with

two bolsters and large Swathing bound it up tite to bring

the broken pieces together, and Unite them. Madam

Davenport sent for him before he had done. Before Four

a-clock Scipio comes and tells me that my daughter Hirst

is brought to Bed of a son. I gave him a good shilling.

Hanah is glad to hear of this.

This day Augt 5. the Ship arrives that brings news of

the death of the Princess Sophia of an Apoplexy May, 28.

AEt. 84. Bill against Dissenters keeping Schools1 pass'd

both Houses. Mr. Dudley Bradstreet quickly after he

had received Orders, dy'd of the small Pocks.2

 

1 This is the Schism Act, "one of the worst Acts," says Lord Mahon,

"that ever defiled the Statute Book." It was entitled "An Act for prevent-

ing the growth of Schism." By it, all schoolmasters and private teachers

had to declare conformity to the Church of England, be licensed by a bishop,

receive the sacrament according to the communion of the Church of Eng-

land, and subscribe the oaths of allegiance and supremacy. It never actu-

ally took effect, being suspended in 1714, and repealed in 1719. -- EDS.

2 This was Dudley Bradstreet, Jr., son of the Dudley Bradstreet who was

the third son of Governor Simon Bradstreet, by his wife, Ann Dudley. The

father was a colonel, and married Ann (Wood), widow of Theodore Price.

Rev. Dudley Bradstreet, Jr., H. C. 1698, was ordained at Groton, June 16,

1706. He is said by Butler (" History of Groton ") to have married Mary

Wainwright, and to have had sons, Simon and Dudley, born at Groton.

Dudley Bradstreet, probably his son, married at Groton, and had six daugh-

ters. The Rev. Dudley Bradstreet was dismissed from Groton, presumably


14 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1714

Augt. 6. Genl Court prorogu'd to the 15th 7r. I was

not at Council.

Augt. 7th. Hearing of it just at the time, as was with

the Chief Justice, I went to the Funeral of our excellent

Nurse Hill. (Between Mr. Winthrop's and the house, I

saw a large and fair Rainbow). Buried in the old Bury-

ing place: Bearers, Capt. Hill, Williams; Deacon Atwood,

Maryon; Barnard, Hubbard. Mr. Cook and I went to-

gether, next Mr. Bridge, Wadsworth.

Augt. 8. Our little Grandson, William Hirst, is Bap-

tized by Mr. Colman.

Augt. 9. Last night our neighbour Green died. He

married Mr. Gold's daughter: was of Warwick.

Third-day, Augt. 10. Timothy Green removes to New-

London.1 Cousin Green and his wife and others accom-

pany them to Dedham. Mr. Bridge prays with my

Daughter Hanah. Gave Mr. Green at parting Two pieces

of Eight; Mr. Danforth of Taunton visits me, Tells me

that Mr. Hale of Freetown is Married; and that he thinks

they must call a Council to remove him from thence.

Lord's Day, Augt. 15. Mrs. Hanah Angier, the only

surviving child of the excellent Mr. Urian Oakes, dyes at

Boston, was taken sick the Monday night before. Was

visiting her Lying-in daughter-in-Law Angier.

Augt. 16. Mr. Mayhew comes to Town with his daugh-

ter Reliance.

Augt. 17. Hanah's knee has a new Plaister put on it,

and is new bound by Dr. Cutler.

Augt. 18. Dr. Oakes and I ride to the Funeral of Mrs.

 

for his Episcopal tendencies, and went to England to take orders. There he

died, as our text shows. He was, of course, grand-nephew of Governor Joseph

Dudley, whose son, Paul Dudley, married Lucy Wainwright, and whose

daughter Mary married Francis Wainwright. -- EDS.

1 This was Timothy Green, the printer, son of Samuel, Jr., and grand-

son of Samuel Green, both printers. See N. E. H. G. Register, XVI. 14.

-- EDS.


1714.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 15

 

Angier1 at Cambridge, where she is laid by her Father,

Grandmother, Brothers, Urian and Laurence. Bearers,

President, and Mr. Brattle; Mr. Hancock and Gibbs; Mr.

Flynt, and Bradstreet. Mr. Angier tells me his wife was

about 55. years old: therefore I conclude she was born at

Titchfield.2 Mr. Comissary Belchar and I followed next

after the Women. Perhaps I was the only Country-man

at the Funeral; and had Boarded at Mr. Oakes's when

Mrs. Angier was a Maid. The widow Hastings I visited

before the Funeral: She is very weak; her Memory al-

most quite Shatter'd: was very glad of my visit and

Thank'd me for it. Her Feebleness wholly prevented her

from being at the Funeral of her old Master's Daughter

whom she greatly helped to bring up.

Augt. 19. I am told of the sickness of Deacon Jno At-

wood, was seized yesterday, before day, with great pain at

his Breast.

Augt. 20. Govr. warns a Council. I knew not the

Cause, but being sensible of the Drought resolv'd to move

that a Fast might be apointed. Went to Mr. Wads-

worth, Mr. Pemberton, my Son: All aprov'd of it: Would

have spoken to all [the Ministers?] in Town, but it grew

Noon, and very hot, which prevented me. Prepared Mr.

Secretary, Bromfield. Got Mr. Comissary to speak in

Council. It was pass'd, and the Govr sign'd a sheet for

it Sept. 2. Mr. Secretary drew it up by Candle-light,

desiring my Assistance. I carried it to the printers that

night. I knew nothing of Mr. Attorney's Remonstrance,

till I heard it read.

Augt. 21. I presented Capt. Williams, my son, Mr.

Pemberton each of them with a Psalm-book of the newest

 

1 She was Hannah, daughter of Rev. Urian Oakes, and wife of Rev.

Samuel Angier. For her descendants, see Paige's History of Cambridge,

p. 481. -- EDS.

2 Tichfield is in Hampshire, south-east of Bishopstoke where Sewall

himself was born. --EDS.


16 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [ 1714.

 

Edition.l Mr. Pemberton's and my Son's 4. 6d. price

bound very neatly in Kid's Leather.

Augt. 23. Great Shews of Rain, cold easterly wind;

but a very few drops. I hear at Bristol there was a great

deal of Rain, and so half way to Boston.

Midweek, Augt. 25. I went to Brooklin, visited son

and daughter Sewall, Hanah Gave her Cakes, and a new

18d Bill. As I came home I visited Madam Dudley, Cous.

Wm. Dumer. Coming home Mr. Jno Colman came up

with me, and told me of the very great Sickness of the

Rever'd Mr. Peter Thacher.

Augt. 26. Amiable useful Deacon Atwood dies between

10. and 11. m. After Sermon a note was put up. Mr.

Bridge in his prayer made an honorable mention of him;

praying that God would sanctify the awfull Stroke in re-

moving one very usefull to the Town, one of the props

of it.

Just at night I call'd to Mr. O. Thacher riding home,

who tells me his Father is much worse than he had been;

desires my prayers for him. This was at Silence Allen's.

I came home through the comon, met Mr. Walter and his

wife, desired his prayers; and for me. He said we had

lost a good Deacon. Said when come to my Age must

expect to dye. The Lord prepare me and teach me more

to Lean on him when creature-props fail. Extream hot.

Sixth-day, Augt. 27. Meeting was at Madam Willard's.

Began about 2. p. m. Son pray'd, Mr. Bridge more

 

1 Probably this was "The Psalms Hymns and Spiritual Songs of the

Old and New Testament, faithfully translated into English Meeter." The

fourteenth edition was printed at Boston in 1709; the seventeenth, in 1716.

Probably Sewall bought either the fifteenth or sixteenth edition. This was the

famous New England version, which, as Prince says (preface to his version

of 1758), was made in 1640, by Richard Mather, Thomas Weld, and John

Eliot; and afterwards revised by Henry Dunster and Richard Lyon. He

adds that, owing to its merits, "I found in England it was by some eminent

Congregations prefer'd to all Others in their Publick Worship, even down to

1717 when I last left that Part of the British Kingdom." -- EDS.


1714.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 17

 

largely; Mr. Pemberton preach'd from Exod. 33. 15. If

thy presence -- made a very good Discourse; then

pray'd. Sung the 121. Ps. I set the Tune of the 119th.

Col. Tyng was there.

Seventh-day, Augt. 28. Deacon John Atwood is buried;

was a Great Funeral. Mr. Cook and Col. Hutchinson

went next the Relations; Sewall, Addington; Em Hutch-

inson, Townsend; Mr. Comissary, Mr. Stoddard -- Bur

ied at the North; is much Lamented.

Lord's-day, Augt. 29. Beard arrives, who brings the

Act of Parliament against Dissenters keeping School;

which ordains that no Catechism shall be taught in

Schools, but that in the Comon prayer Book.

I could not observe that Mr. Pemberton so much as

used the Comon form of praying for him that was to

speak in the Afternoon:1 only pray'd God to be with us in

our coming together.

I supose Mr. Watts brings the News that Mr. Henry 2

dyed the day the Royal Assent was given to the Bill

against the growth of Schisme. Dy'd by a fall from his

Horse riding to preach at Nantwich, being on a visit at

West-Chester.

John Banister died at Banbury, June 23. Sam. Sewall

arrived in Jabez Salter from Barbados, Augt 28.

Augt. 30. Govr violently oposes the Petition of Oulton

and Powell. Mr. Comissary brought the discourse of it

forward (twas fil'd when I was not there). Mr. Daven-

port mentioned that Capt. Moodey might be served with

a copy of it. Govr said Mr. Moodey was an Honest Man.

Said to Mr. Comissary, If should petition to ly with your

wife would you grant it. Com. said he would not con-

sent. At last twas done, viz. what Mr. Davenport mov'd.

 

1 The disturbed cordiality of fee1ing between Sewall and his senior pastor

made the former sensitive to the omission of any reference to his son, who

was to preach in the afternoon. -- EDS.

2 Matthew Henry, the Expositor. -- EDS. VOL. III. 2


18 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1714.

 

Presently after the Council, Capt. Moodey went with the

Govr to Mr. Dudley's.

Augt. 31. I read the Act against Schism at Selby's

Coffee-house. About 4. p. m. visited Mr. Peter Thatcher,

Milton. He was very glad to see me, said twas a Cor-

dial: got home well a little after 9. Laus Deo. Carried

him two China Oranges. Says he was 63 years old the

18th. July last.

Septr. 1. His father calling me before I was up, I go

and pray with his son, William Bairstow, who he fear'd

was dying.

Midweek, 7r. 1. Madam Elisa Savage buried;1 Bearers,

Winthrop, Cook; Sewall, Addington; Belchar, Bromfield.

All the Ministers had Scarvs. Dr. Increase Mather very

kindly inquired after my Daughter Hanah: I had ac-

quainted him with her broken Bone. Dr. Cotton Mather

shew'd a Letter that Reported Mr. Henry's Death. The Dr.

saith that Mr. Wats is also dead. Discours'd of the

Act against Schisme.

Sixth-day, 7r. 3. Cunable sets up our new Window on

the North-east side of our Bed-chamber, a little to en-

lighten the darkness of it.

7r. 6. Visited Mrs. Lord under her Indisposition at the

widow Dyer's. Went to the Meeting of the owners of

the Salt-works2 at the Still-Tavern. Col. Byfield was there.

Agreed to pay 10. apiece towards a Boylery; the said

Byfield to buy Iron pans in England; two of them.

7r. 9. Now about Col. Byfield visits me in the evening.

Saw him come out of Mr. Harris's as went to Lecture.

7r. 11th. I set out for Bristol with Jno Cornish; Twas

so hot and late that Lodg'd at Billings's.

 

1 Mrs. Elizabeth Savage was daughter of Joshua Scottow, and widow of

Thomas Savage, Jr. She died Aug. 29, 1714, aged about sixty-seven, say

Boston records, though, curiously enough, her descendant, James Savage,

in his Dictionary, IV. 27, prints the year as 1715.

2 See Vol. I. p. 457, note. -- EDS.


1714.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 19

 

7r. 12. Rid with Capt. Billings to Mr. Man's. See his

Sermons. Lodg'd at Capt. Wear's.

7r. 13. Set out early in the Fog, for Rehoboth. Baited

at Millar's: Overtook Mr. Corwin at Carpenter's, and

there din'd together. Were met by the Sherif at Bristol-

Gate.

7r. 14. Are inform'd by Mr. Collamor of the sickness

of Mr. Justice Thomas, which prevented his coming. Mr.

James Hale pray'd at the opening of the Court.

Friday, 7r. 17. p. m. News was, brought to us of the

Queen's death as we sat on the Bench.1 Chapman told it

Mr. Corwin; and he standing up with a very sad coun-

tenance said to me, Sad News! I was afraid Boston was

burnt again. Mr. Sparhawk and 2 other Gentlemen

brought it. After the Court's Adjournment sine die,

went and discoursed Mr. Sparhawk at his house.

7r. 18. I visited Capt. Davis, His wife though abed

desired to speak with me; I went to her. She is greatly

distress'd in Mind, the Lord Calm and Comfort her.

Set out about 10. m. Col. Pain, and Mr. Mackintosh

accompanied me out of Town. Col. Pain went on, for

company's sake. I went with him through Febe's Neck;

tis a pleasant Road and but little further, saw Mr. Hale's

Meetinghouse. Din'd at Millar's. went on to Slacks, who

had good English Hay. Sent Mr. Shortt the News; he

had not heard it before.

7r. 19. Heard Mr. Short.

7r. 20. Din'd at Billings's. Went through Punkapog,

At the entrance of Milton heard of Mr. Thacher's Recov-

ery and preaching the day before. At Milton heard the

 

1 In the "Magunkaquog" volume is the following entry: "As we were

upon the Bench in the Afternoon, News was brought of the Queen's Death,

Augt. 3d. Had the News at Osburn's before Sunset in a Letter from my Son,

Mr. Joseph Sewall, which Mr. Sparhawk brought and of the Proclamation

of King George the same Day, Duke of Marlborough being in England.

Papists in Ireland mortified." -- EDS.


20 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1714.

 

Proclamation [of George I.] was to be on Wednesday;

which Major Spurr confirm'd. Got home before Sunset

and found all well. Laus Deo.

7r. 23. Govr calls a Council where I heard of Mr. Sec-

retary's Illness.

7r. 22. Midweek; Proclaim'd; and took the Oaths.

Din'd at the Green Dragon. Dr. Mather crav'd a Bless-

ing; Mr. Pemberton return'd Thanks. I ask'd the Govr

if he had Business for the Council; He said No; so I went

home, not going up into the Council-Chamber.

7r. 23d. It seems Mr. Jonathan Belchar makes a great

super, at which were the Govr, Andrew Belchar esqr, Jn

Higginson Esqr, Penn Townsend esqr., Addington Daven-

port esqr, Benjamin Lynde esqr., John Clark esqr. Thomas

Hutchinson esqr. Nathl Norden esqr. Winthrop, Elisha

Hutchinson, Addington, Sewall, Eliakim Hutchinson,

Bromfield, nor the Lieut. Govr were not there, nor in-

vited any of them that I know of; nor any warning of a

Council: This I knew not of till the Lord's-day after.

7r. 24. Friday, I went to Charlestown Lecture; heard

Mr. Stevens preach. Din'd. with Col. Phillips, where

din'd also Madam Usher, Townsend. Visited Mr. Stevens

and wish'd his wife Joy. Visited Mr. Bradstreet (He in-

vited me to Diner though twas not his Lecture), Madam

Bradstreet not well, nor her little Son. The widow Fos-

ter, Mr. Isaac Foster's Mother, died Wednesday night just

as it began to Rain, aged about 87. years.

7r. 26. My son of Brooklin, who came hither on Tues-

day, by reason of his Indisposition, goes not abroad. David

fetched him in a Coach.

7r. 29. I was not aware the Govr was in Town: Went

not out till past 3. p. m. Enquir'd and found him with;

the Council to my surprise. Mr. Davenport had been

swearing the Deputies who were more than forty. Saw

Mr. Adams in the street, he thank'd me for my Book and

Letter. Invited him to Dinner.


1714.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 21

 

Just before night attended the Funeral of Mr. Wain-

wright's child. I hapened to sit just by Mr. Jona Bel-

char. Told him Mr. Gookin was Married in that room.

7r. 30. Dr. Mather preaches from PS. 68, 33. He

doth send forth his voice, a mighty voice. In speaking it

the 2d time, he said 78. which puzzled me in finding it.

Govr and Lieut Govr, Mr. Winthrop at Meeting. Mr.

Adams dined with us, Mr. Rawlings. Mr. Adams tells of

the dangerous sickness of my dear Friend Mr. James

Noyes of Stonington, by a Fever, and Fall from his Horse

7r eleventh, as he was riding home from Lyme. Had been

at the Comencement. I was hindered by Mr. Glover, re-

ceived 134, and taking up his Mortgage: so that I went

not to Council this day.

Octobr. 1. Rains hard, went not to Council. Had

something of a Flux: And tis not agreeable to me that

the Court should meet before the 20th. Inst, the day they

were Prorogu'd to. I fear the precedent will be bad.

And I find it difficult to intermeddle in Addresses. In the

evening Cousin Quinsey calls, sups and tells me the pro-

ceedings of their House upon the Council's sending to them

to join in a Comittee, B. Lynde, Clark, Davenport to Ad-

dress the King to continue the Govr, Lt Govr, and Secre-

tary in their Posts. Non-Concur'd. Sent again from the

Board. Mr. Pierce of Woburn brought it in again, say-

ing the Deputies would not Reconsider it. Then the

Govr told the Council they intended Good: but now they

should be Hurt by it: were White paper before; but

now were blotted. Call'd Mr. Secretary to him into the

Closet, and then Capt. Belchar. Then adjourn'd the

Council to Monday 2 p. m.; desired all to attend.

8r. 3. Mr. Eliphalet Adams sits in the pulpit a. m. and

preaches with us p. m.

8r. 4. Council meets Govr; after other things past,

opens the matter of the Address. Then Govr, Lt Govr,

Secretary withdraw. Council seemed unanimous that for


22 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1714.

 

them 12 in n, to do any thing would be inconvenient; it

having fallen when offer'd in the Genl Court.

8r. 5. I wait on the Lieut Govr, visit Mr. William

Homes,1 Mr. Thomas Craighead, Ministers, in order to

know what was best to be done as to the ship's coming

up. Carried them a Bushel Turnips, cost me 5s and a

Cabbage cost half a Crown. Dined at the Castle Lt Govr

also invited Mr. Homes. Mr. Stanton the Chaplain was

gone a Guning; I left this Distich for him.

Imbres nocturni decorant Regalia Lucis:

Rex populum, tanquam Gramina tonsa, riget! [?]

8r. 6. Mr. David Hayns dines with us. He assures

me he has found the Bound of the Farm beyond Wadchu-

set, comends it, and will run out the Line when the Leaves

are fallen. Gave him the Bounds of Quanssicamon Farms

that he may review and refresh them.

Octobr. 7. Thorsday: Overseers' Meeting in the Coun-

cil Chamber after Lecture. Order'd that Treasurers must

give Bond, for the faithful discharge of their Trust. Mr.

Tho. Robie confirm'd as Fellow, Mr. John White as

Treasurer.

Octob. 19. Went to the Salt works and Run the

Bounds: I made a pillar of Stone about the Stake by our

Causey. Mr. Sheaf assisted with a Chain and compass:

came away to Lt. Tho. Salter's Funeral.

Midweek Octob. 20. New North Church Gathered:2 Dr.

 

1 These were perhaps missionaries. Allen says that Rev. William Homes

was minister of Martha's Vineyard. For three years, 1686-89, he taught

school there; returned to Ireland, and was ordained, in 1692, at Strabane.

He came here again in 1714, and settled at Chilmark, where he died, June

20, 1746, aged eighty-three. -- EDS.

2 The New North was founded by "seventeen' substantial mechanics."

Mr. John Webb was the first pastor, his successors being Peter Thacher,

Andrew Elliot, John Elliot, Francis Parkman, &c. In 1721, a difficulty

arose about settling a colleague to Mr. Webb, and a secession occurred, the

seceders building the New Brick meeting-house. Mr. William Waldron was

the first minister there. -- EDS.


1714.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 23

 

Increase Mather read their Names and Covenant which

they had Subscrib'd, and they took their Assent to it, then

voted their choice of Mr. Webb. Gave him his charge,

He, Dr. C. Mather, Mr. Bridge, Mr. Pemberton Laying on

their Hands. Dr. C. Mather gave the Right Hand of Fel-

lowship. Govr was there, Mr. Speaker and many of the

Court. Only the Four Churches in Town sent to. Mr.

Webb's Text, He was a Burning and a Shining Light;

were entertain'd at Mr. Seers's. Lt Govr not there.

Capt. Turfrey was buried, this Afternoon. I was not

there because the Govr made his speech by Candle-light.

Mr. Colman prays at opening the Court, Thorsday, Fri-

day, Saturday.

23. A comittee brought in somthing about Piscataqua.

Govr said he would give his head in a Hand-Basket as

soon as he would pass it.

25. -- Mr. Sewall prays. Genl Nicholson comes to

Town. 26. heard not of the King's Accession till he

came to Marble-head. Boards with Capt. Southwark.

27. A Church is gathered at Ipswich Farms as at Bos-

ton last week. Mr. Gerrish gave the charge to Mr. Wig-

glesworth. Mr. Wise the Right Hand of Fellowship,

much aplauding the N. English venerable Constitution.

Mr. Rogers pray'd.

28. Church gather'd at Norton, and the Reverend Mr.

Joseph Avery ordain'd.

29. Day apointed for officers, Mr. Davenport spake

against it, when Govr nominated Mr. Ebenr Allen of the

Vinyard for a Justice: said should soon hear from Eng-

land. So all fell. Lt Govr seconded him. Lt Govr told

me Capt. Hale was to be made a Justice.

30. I forget to call my son to prayer. Deputies con-

curr'd with the Council to emit 50000.1 Chief-Justice

 

1 In bills of credit, to be put into the hands of trustees, to form a capi-

tal for a sort of public bank. See Palfrey, IV. 334. For the Act, see

Province I..aws, I. 750, note. -- EDS.


24 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1714.

 

said twas contrary to the Statute of Mortmain. I an0-

swer'd, twas quite on the other side, for this was all for

the Publick benefit.

31. Plenty of Rain last night. Mr. S. preaches for

Dr. Mather m. and he preaches with us p. m with great

vigor, Mat. 20. 4, 5. Mr. Mayhew preaches for Mr.

Walter.

Novr. 1. Jarvis arrives, brings News of the King's

being at Helvet Sluys waiting for a wind. He came from

Plimouth 7r. 15. Suposes the same wind carried the King

to England.

Mr. Webb prays.

Novr. 5. Now about had a Conference about Piscataqua

Duties. Govr persuaded to Moderation; a Treaty with

them by Comittees. I am a Massachusets man: -- Comit-

tee is agreed on. They Give the Govr 250. By Can-

dle-Light tbe Govr sends in and Dissolves them by the

Secretary. Govr ask'd the Council's Advice, but I think

had it not.

Monday, Novr 8. Set out for Salem: rode with Mr.

P. Dudley in the Governour's Chariot from the Town-

House to the Ferry. From Charlestown with Mr. Dud-

ley in a Calash. Din'd at Lewis's, had a Comfortable

Journy. No Sheriff met us. Lodge at Brother Hirst's

because of Brother's preparation for Cousin Margaret's

Wedding.

 

[The following additional entries are in the Magunkaquog volume. ]

* Nov. 8. 1714. Rains much in the Night. Snows hard in the

morning, yet clears up. Ride with Mr. Attorny in the Governour's

Charret to the Ferry. Set out from Charlestown about hour after

11. David waits on us. Have a very good dinner at Lewis's, boil'd

Beef and very good Roast Fowls. Mr. Ogilvy, his wife and others

there. Mr. John Barnard de Diacono came in, and Returned

Thanks. Get to Salem comfortably before Day-Light in or Shops

shut up. By Consent of all Lodg'd at Bror. Hirst's. He came and in-

vited me. Cous. Margaret is just upon her Marriage. 9r. 9th. Had

a comfortable Night's Rest. Laus Deo. Superiour Court held at *


1714.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 25

 

*Salem, Nov. 9, 1714, By Four Justices; Sewall, Corwin, Thomas,

Lynde. Grand Jury, Mr. Simon Willard, Foreman, 18. One Jury

Trial only, Mr. Nathanl Marston, Foreman. Stacy vers. Savage,

Apeal. Hinde against Dimond, Apeal. About riding a Horse un-

mercifully in a Storm, till he died. For Hinde, costs, Six pounds,

9s. Former Jury set the Horse at 5 specially, and the Court gave

Judgement for the Defendant.

Nov. 10. 1714. Lent to David Sinclar a Conecticut 40s Bill of

Credit, 2. O. O.

Col. Hathorn, Mr. Noyes, Mr. Green, Mr. Corwin, Mr. Chever, Mr.

Prescott, dined with us.

Thorsday, Nov. 11. Col. Sam. Brown invites me to Diner. Go

with my Brother on board the Hampshire, Merchant, Abel Combs,

Master, ready to sail for Cadiz. Has 2000 Quintals of Fish on board,

120 Tuns Burden. Din'd with Col. S. Brown, where were Major

Brown and his Lady, Mr. Justice Corwin, Lynde, Mr. Noyes, Mr.

Cooke and his wife. Had a very noble Treat. In the Evening Mr.

Noyes Married Mr. John Higginson, Widower, and Mrs. Margaret

Sewall. Parents of the Bride-groom and Bride present, and Capt.

Gardener and his Son, Capt. Gardener, Bro. Hirst and his wife and

daughter, my Grand-daughter Mary Hirst. Sung 5 Staves of the

45 Psalm, from Myrrh Aloes1 to the end. I set Windsor Tune.*

 

Novr. 9th. Though had but four or five Actions could

not finish the Court. Cous. Storke dines.

Novr. 10. Mr. Noyes prays. The Jury increase the

Judgment against Capt Arthur Savage, even beyond the

writ; sent them out signifying that both were in fault,

might Lessen the Judgment. Adjourn'd to Pratt's, and

there sine die.

Mr. George Corwin preach' d a very good Sermon. Mr.

Noyes, Corwin, Green, Prescott, Cheever junr., &c dine

with us.

Thorsday Novr. 11. Brother and I went with Mr.

Storke on board the Hampshire, Merch't Abel Combs

Master. They sail'd about one a-clock. In the Evening

 

1 Bay Psalm Book, Ps. xlv. 8: --

"Myrrhs Aloes and Cassias smell

all of thy Garments had." -- EDS.

26 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1714.

 

Mr. Noyes. Marryes Mr. Jn Higginson, and cousin Mar-

garet.1 Parents of Bridegroom and Bride present. And

Capt. Gardener, the Bridegroom's Father-in-Law, and his

son Capt. Gardener, honored the Wedding with their

presence. Mr. Noyes pray'd. After sung 5 staves of the

45. Ps. from Myrrhe Aloes.

Friday, Novr 12. I set out for Boston, cloudy-day.

Rain'd pretty hard before David and I got to Lewis's (Mr.

Dudley went home on David's Horse before Lecture).

Din' d there. Mr. Epes and his Wife and children met us

there, so wet, and children crying, that resolv'd to lodge

at Lewis's. Are removing to Salem. I rode on, had the

Snow and Rain on our backs; yet it beat on the fore-part

of the Calash, and wet us pretty much. Ferry-boat was

just ready; Got home comfortably about 10. Minutes

after Five; shifted stockings and shoes. Though had my

heavy cloak on; yet hardly ever felt less weariness in

walking from the Ferry, home; where find all well; Laus

Deo!

Monday Novr 15. Town is full of the sad News of the

Packet's being Cast away.

Novr. 16th. Meet the Proprietors of Dunstable at the

Green Dragon. After that had a Meeting of the Comis-

sioners.

Novr. 18. Mr. Bridge preaches the Lecture. Obiter,

shew'd twas but Just that should have a Charitable opin-

ion of each other.2

1 John Higginson, 3d, of Salem, married first, Hannah Gardener, Sept

11, 1695, who died June 24, 1713. He married secondly, Nov. 11, 1714,

Margaret, daughter of Captain Stephen Sewall. He died April 26, 1718,

aged forty-two years. -- EDS.

2 In looking over the notes of the many sermons heard by Judge Sewall,

which he thought worthy of a sketch, a reader can hardly fail to observe the

simple, fiat, and commonplace character of the remarks or emphatic points

which he reports from the preachers. He evidently loved simplicity in the

pulpit. But some of the sermons must have been a little more profound and

sinewy. -- EDS.


1714.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 27

 

Novr. 24. Very cold day. Mr. George 1 laid in my

Tomb till Madam George have an oportunity to build

one. Bearers, Tho. Hutchinson esqr. Tho. Palmer; Tho.

Fitch, Danl Oliver; Jn Colman, Grove Hirst. Was a

Well-accomplish'd Merchant, and apears to have been a

good Christian, desirable, usefull Man. All the Ministers

had scarvs.

Novr. 25. Thanks-giving day; very cold, but not so

sharp as yesterday. My wife was sick, fain to keep the

Chamber and not be at Diner.

Lord's-Day, Novr 28. Rains very much. Have the

Lord's Super at the New North, which is the first time.

My son preaches there in the After-noon.

Novr. 29. Mrs. Barrel buried. Col. Hutchinson and I

follow'd next the Women. I told him twas that day Five

and twenty years since we Landed at the Great Island in

our Passage from England.

Novr. 30. Now about a Letter is written to the Agent2

to direct him to oppose the Bankers, or stay them till Ad-

vice from the Genl Court; To send over their Proposals

for that end. Govr urges it with considerable Warmth,

but much of the Letter that was drawn by the Governour,

was not sent, not agreed to. I perceive the Bankers de-

sign to petition at home for a Charter of Incorporation;

which may be a matter of very great Concern to this

Government.

Decr. 1. Brother Moodey comes to Town to get an

Agreement drawn up in order to his intended Marriage

with Mrs. Abigail Fryer: Her Maiden name was Frost.

Governour tells me of Mr. Pierpont's death at New Ha-

ven, a very great Blow to that Colony, and to all New-

 

1 Doubtless John George, merchant, of Boston, who married Lydia,

daughter of Rev. Samuel Lee. See Vol. I. p.148, note. The widow mar-

ried Dr. Cotton Mather, July 5, 1715, as his third wife, and survived him.

-- EDS.

2 Jeremiah Dummer. See Palfrey, IV..335. -- EDS.


28 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1714.

 

England. The good Lord awaken us. I send Drs.

Mather each of them an Angel.1 Decr. 2. To Mr. Pem-

berton ditto. Some days agoe to Mr. Holms and Craig-

head.

Decr. 4. Brother Moodey returns homeward.

Decr. 5. Capt. Thomas Richards dyes.

Monday, Xr. 6. The Govr calls a Council, and pro-

rogues the Genl Court to the 19th of January.2 Intimated

that if no orders arrived this Assembly might be in a

readiness for the Election: If the Govr falls he will fall

upon the Lieut Govr.; 3 and who shall grant writts to call a

New-Assembly; or if they doe, who will obey them? Col.

Townsend said, An Assembly had been called without

Govr or Lieut. Govr. 4 I said I hop'd orders would arrive

to prevent all Disputes. The News-Letter of this day,

mentions the Assembly's sitting Xr. 15.

Dec'r 7. Superr Court sits, Mr. Pemberton prays; Son

dines with the Court at the green Dragon.

Xr. 8. Son prays: no Minister dines with us.

Dec; 9. Mr. Colman preaches, Dr. Cotton Mather

dines: Genl Nicholson, Lt Govr, Col. Hutchinson, Towns-

end, Dumer, Mr. Sam1 Lynde, Capt. Edward Brattle.

Govr was invited, but came not to Town. Capt. Steel is

 

1 About ten shillings English. -- EDS.

2 "There were only two ordinary sessions of the General Court this Year,

both of which acts were passed. The Court was called together in a

Special Session upon the arrival of the tidings of the death of Queen

Anne, that the members might take the oath of allegiance, and adopt

an Address to King George, and sat from the twenty-ninth of September to

the second of October, when it was dismissed, no acts having been passed.

The Assembly again convened on the twentieth of October, in accordance

with the prorogation, and was dissolved on the fifteenth of November. On ~

the tenth of November, writs were issued for a new Assembly to convene on

the fifteenth of December, but on the sixth of December, this Court was

prorogued by proclamation, to the nineteenth of January, before which day

it was dissolved in the same manner." Province Laws, I. 752, note. -- EDS.

3 Sewall's meaning seems to be that the Governor intimated that his own

fall would involve equally the fall of the Lieutenant-Governor. -- EDS.

4 See Palfrey, IV. 339. --EDS.


1714.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 29

 

told that if he expected the Liberty of a Grand-Jury, he

must speak in time before they were dismiss'd: He ex-

press'd himself for it, and Mr. Valentine his Attorny.

Then I declar'd my Opinion for the Grand-Jury and said,

I would not sit too Try Capt. Steel except it were brought

on that way. I think at Pattens Mr. Attorny show'd

Genl Nicholson's Letter to him expecting his aprobation

of the Information, and that the Govr had directed him to

follow the General's Direction.1

Decr. 10. Grand-Jury brings in Ignoramus upon Capt.

Steel's Presentm't. Just before Diner, the Govr and Coun-

cil come in and take the Right Hand, and the Court &c.

the Left: Grand-Jury had the seats at our end, Mr. Wm

Torrey, the Fore-man, sat at the extremity of ours. Mr.

Sheriff Read the Proclamation in his place, I think Genl

Nicholson desired it. Mr. Secretary having made the In-

troduction; Had not been any Gen'l Meeting since re-

ceived the Letters which the Packet brought: so did it

at this Supream Court. Note. The King is styl'd the

Supream Lord of the Massachusets. We have had this to

Ballance our Court's being Remov'd to December, that

we have had the Honor of the King's being Proclaim'd in

it. Capt. Blacket and Mead were at the Proclamation.

But Capt. Mead only Din'd with us.

The Grand-Jury dismiss'd.

Saterday, Decr. 11th. only Sewall, Thomas, and Lynde hold

the Court. Mr. Justice Corwin is gone home; Chief Jus-

tice indispos'd. Mr. Tay's Jury bring in their verdict for

Jackson Confirmation for building five Pues in the

Wooden old Meeting house, set a-work by Elisha Cooke

esqr. the Father. Mr. Justice Lynde ask'd some ques-

tions of the Jury with a seeming dissatisfaction. I said I

thought they had done Right. Mr. Thomas whispered

 

1 A criminal information is not founded on an investigation by a Grand

Jury. -- EDS.


30 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1714.

 

me in the ear, He thought they had done Right, though

he was against Jackson's taking his Oath. Mr. Newton

moving in the Clark's Name, by order of Court enters

and declares the Verdict.

Lord's-Day, Xr. 12. Neither Capt. Belchar, nor Capt.

Williams abroad: my Son reads the Psalm.

Xr. 13. I visit Capt. Williams, who has been very

sick ever since last Wednesday. Tells me he was 71

years old that day my son was ordain'd. Desires Prayers.

Visit Deacon Marion, who has kept house many days.

Decr. 14. Mr. Secretary leaves the council by reason

of pain in his bowels, goes to his House of office, and

there voids a great quantity of Blood; call'd his Indian

Girl: but she could not suport him but that he fell down

in the way to the house and more help came and led him

in. If this Cedar should fall, twould make the Province

greatly shake.

Decr. 17. Mr. Secretary is in Council again. 'Tis voted

that the Platt of Canada River which Capt. Southack has

made; be presented by our Agent, he to ask the Favour

of Genl Nicholson's company in doing it.

Decr. 17. Mr. William Cooper preaches at Mr. Pem-

berton's Meeting, from the 4th. Ps. Lift up the Light of

thy Countenance -- Prays and preaches excellently. Mr.

Colman was there.

Decr. 18. Mrs. Judith Winslow1 buried; a widow of

near 90 years old, in the old Burying place: in a Tomb.

Bearers, Cook, Elisha Hutchinson; Sewall, Addington:

Oakes, Cutler. I returning Mr. Secretary told me he had

a bad Turn again last night. This day Mr. Hudson Lev-

1 Judith Winslow was second wife and widow of John Winslow, of Bos-

ton, who was son of John, of Plymouth, and Mary Chilton. John, Jr., died

in October, 1683, leaving Judith half of his house and land while she con-

tinued his widow. For over thirty years she seems to have respected his

memory. -- EDS.


1714.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 31

 

erett's widow 1 is buried at Roxbury. She died at the

widow Tomson's house.

I visited Capt. Belchar, who is Confined by his sore

Legs.

Midweek, Decr. 22. My Son Joseph and I visited my

Son at Brooklin, sat with my Daughter in the chamber

some considerable time, Drank Cider, eat Apples. Sarah

Cumin sat in the same Room on the Bed with her sore

Leg. Daughter said nothing to us of her Greivances, nor

we to her.2 Mr. Josiah Winchester, and Aspinwall were

by reason below with my Son upon Business.

Decr. 23. Dr. C. Mather preaches excellently from Ps.

37. Trust in the Lord &c. only spake of the Sun being

in the centre of our System. I think it inconvenient to

assert such Problems."

 

1 Very little seems to be known of Hudson Leverett, famous only for his

father and his son. His first wife was Sarah Peyton, who was alive in 1674

(Suff. Deeds, lib. 13, f. 384). The following documents show that he mar-

ried, secondly, about 1692, a widow, Elizabeth Myham, who survived him,

and whose death is here recorded. Leverett seems to have died poor, as his

son refused to pay his small legacies. In the settlement of the great Leverett

estate, it seems that he had at best a life interest in a part of his father's

property.

The name of his wife, Myham, is plainly written on the will, but it is not

known to us. The name Mylam, Milam, or Milom, is a Boston one.

The will of Hudson Leverett, gent., is on file in Sufiolk Probate Office,

No. 1986, but is not recorded. It is dated Oct. 10, 1692. He mentions son,

John Leverett, daughter, Mary Leverett, son, Thomas Leverett. Gives to

wife, Elizabeth, 200 ; to "wife's daughter, my daughter-in-law, Elizabeth

Myham," 30; to cousin Esther Pawmer, 10. Son John, executor;

friends Richard Wilkins, bookseller, and Enoch Greenleafe, trunk-maker,

overseers.

John Leverett, Dec. 1, 1692, executor, "declared his refusal of that trust,

not finding bona notabilia whereon to administer."

Suff. Deeds, Lib. 16, f. 368. Sept. 16, 1692, Hudson Leverett, for his

conjugal love and affection to Elizabeth, his present wife, gave to David

Adams, of Boston, blockmaker, and Abraham Adams, of the same, inn-

holder, as trustees for her, a note of Harlakenden Symonds for 30, and

also various household goods. Also six acres of land at New-London.

Aug. 8, 1694, the trustees delivered the same to her. -- EDS.

2 We have already noted the fact of the evidences of a disagreement be-

tween Samuel Sewall, Jr., and his wife, Governor Dudley's daughter. -- EDS.


32 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1714.

 

Decr. 25. Shops open, &c as on other days, very pleas-

ant weather. Capt. Williams buried; Bearers, Col.

Checkly, Capt. Hill, Mr. Tay, &c.

Mrs. Bradstreet of Newbury, her killing her Negro

woman is much talked of.1

Lord's Day, Decembr. 26. Mr. Bromfield and I go and

keep the Sabbath with Mr. John Webb, and sit down with

that Church at the Lord's Table. I did it to hold Com-

munion with that Church; and, so far as in me lay, to

put Respect upon that affronted, despised Lord's Day.

For the Church of England had the Lord's Super, yester-

day, the last day of the Week: but will not have it to-day,

the day that the Lord has made.2 And Genl Nicholson,

who kept Satterday, was this Lord's Day Rumaging

and Chittering with Wheelbarrows &c., to get aboard at

the long Wharf, and Firing Guns at Setting Sail. I

thank God, I heard not, saw not any thing of it: but was

quiet at the New North. I did it also to Countenance a

young small Church, and to shew that I was pleas'd with

them for having the Lord's Super once in four Weeks,

and upon one of the Sabbaths that was vacant.3 Had a

very comfortable Day.

Decr. 27. Very pleasant wether. My Son tells me

that Thomas Sewall went to the Church of England last

Satterday: He expostulated with him about it.

Decr. 28. Govr sends to my Son to invite the Ministers

to Diner to morrow: sends his Coach for the Doctors;

only Dr. Cotton Mather, Mr. Colman, Sewall, Webb,

 

1 Dr. Humphrey Bradstreet, son of Moses Bradstreet, was of Newbury,

and by wife Sarah had seven children, 1692-1713. He died May 11, 1717,

and his widow married, secondly, June 9, 1719, Edward Sargent. Coffin

(History of Newbury) refers to Sewall's Diary, but cannot add any light upon

this subject. -- EDS.

2 Another evidence of Sewall's unconquerable prejudice against a recog-

nition of Christmas-Day. -- EDS.

3 That is, when the rite was not observed in either of the other Meeting-

houses. -- EDS.


171 4/5] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 33

 

goe, all in Govr's Coach. Xr. 29 being a storm of

snow.

Midweek, Xr. 30. Mr. Bridge preaches, No Govr,

Lt. Govr, Chief-Justice; Jer. Dumer esqr. there.

Decr. 31. Very pleasant day after the Snow; visit Mr.

Wadsworth. Thank him for his Lecture Exercises. Visit

Mr. Addington, who takes Physick, though he took some

this week before; complains for want of Breath. Of his

own accord Talk'd to me, About the Circumstances of the

Government; what should do, if no orders should come

by the first of February: Said, ought to think before

hand; I consented with him and had some discourse. I

desired to see the Letter about the president of the Coun-

cil; and pray'd him to let me see the Act at large which

continues comissions for half a year after the Queen's

death. Son Gerrish and S. Sewall, de Stephana, visit us.

New-years-day, 1714/15. In the morning read in Course

that awfull portion of Scripture, Isa. 24. Mr. Addington

being at his office, shew'd me the Record of the Queen's

order dated May, 3. 1707, which is thus concluded:

 

"The Eldest Councillor who shall be, at the time of your death

or absence, residing within our said Province of the Massachusets

Bay, shall take upon him the Administration of the Government,

and execute our said Commission and Instructions, and the several

Powers and Authorities therein contained, in the same manner, and

to all intents and purposes, as other our Govr or Comander in Chief

should or ought to do, in case of your Absence, till your return; or

in all cases untill our further pleasure be known therein. So we bid

you farewell.

"By Her Majs Command, SUNDERLAND." 1

1 We may set forth briefly the points of the difficulty about the govern-

ment at this time. News of the death of Queen Anne, on the 1st August,

1714, was received here on September 15th. The Hazard, sloop, sent with

orders to our government, was lost on Cohasset rocks, November 12th. The

commissions of the Governor and Lieutenant-Governor by law expired in six

months from the termination of the preceding reign, namely, on Feb. 1,

1714-15.

By the charter, the Council, or the major part of them, were to assume


34 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [171 4/5.

 

Visited Mrs. Kay. In the morning return' d Mr. Cut-

ler the Watch he gave me upon Trial this day Senight at

Capt. Williams's Funeral.

Jany 2. L. Day. My Son changes with Mr. Webb, by

which means I miss hearing him this day, and Decr. 26th.

Jan 10. Snowy day, Mr. Gee sends his Son to invite

me to Diner to morrow at his house.

Tuesday Jany 11th. went thither, where din'd Dr. Incr.

and Dr. C. Mather, Mr. Bridge, Mr. Wadsworth, Mr.

Thornton, Mr. Jn Marion, Deacon Barnard, Mr. Ruck,

Capt. Martyn, Mr. Hallawell. It seems it was in remem-

brance of his Landing this day at Boston after his Algerin ;

captivity.1 Had a good Treat. Dr. Cotton Mather in

returning Thanks very well compress'd many weighty

things very pertinently. After Diner, notwithstanding

the Fogg, I visited Mr. Bradstreet; Madam Bradstreet

and her daughter remain very ill still. I gave him an

Angel to buy him a few candles. Got home well. Laus

Deo.

Midweek, Jany 12. Genl Council. It being mov'd:

Council were of opinion the Genl Court was dissolv'd;

because Prorogued before met, which was not agreeable

to Charter. Now declared it to be dissolv'd. Govr men-

tioned the renewing Comissions. I mov'd to adjourn to

 

the government, which they did, on the presumption that the order in the text did not supersede the charter.

The supremacy of the Council was short, as on March 21st, Dudley dis-

played a new commission reinstating him, probably, ad interim.

March 17, 1715, Colonel Elizeus or Elisha Burgess was appointed Gov-

ernor, in England, and he remained there. His commission, with that to

the new Lieutenant-Governor, William Tailer, was published in Boston,

Nov. 9, 1715. Tailer then succeeded, and Dudley withdrew. Belcher and

J. Dummer, however, in London, persuaded Colonel Burgess to resign for

1,000, and Colonel Samuel Shute was made Governor, June 15,1716, with

William Dummer as his Lientenant-Governor. Shute arrived here Oct. 4,

1716. -- EDS.

1 Undoubtedly the host was Joshua Gee, Sr., father of Rev. Joshua Gee,

the colleague of Cotton Mather. See a reference in Vol. I. p. 199, to this

captivity. -- EDS.


171 4/5.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 35

 

the 2d Febr. But the Govr adjourned to the 26th Jany. I

mov'd that Lt Col. Somersby might be sent to transmit

a copy of his Inquest about Mrs. Bradstreet's Negro. Govr

oppos'd and check'd me, said twas to accomplish a diligent

search. Col. Noyes inform'd what was done, which gave

me occasion to speak. Mr. Pemberton and Mr. Colman

in their Lectures pray God to continue the Govr, if it

may be.

Jany 26. Genl Council; Govr offers a Proclamation to

be voted to continue all Officers till the K. pleasure

known. Mr. B. Lynde, Major Genl W., Col. Hutchinson

opos'd it. Consideration was desired till morning. Then

it was Negativ'd; but 2 or 3 for it. I spake for it on

Wednesday, saying it enter'd not into the Question act

[on account of ?] the 6. Moneths end. But now I voted

with my Brethren, for I saw twas so worded as to tie up

the hands of the Council from making any Alteration

though the Government should be devolved on them

next week. Went to visit Mr. Pemberton and wife: but

they were not at home.

Jany 30. Cold day. Mr. Pemberton prays that God

would Govern the Succession of the Government.

Jany 27. My Son preach'd to a numerous Congrega-

tion, finishing his Text, Blessed are the pure in heart.

Jany 31. There is a Sessions held in Boston.

Tuesday, February 1. As I was busy in signing Bills,

Mr. Bromfield came to me and desired me to go to the

Major Genl at Ten a-clock; they had some discourse yes-

terday at the Sessions, Several would be there. I got

thither about 11., was the first and were but 4. in all, as

I remember; Sewall, Em Hutchinson, Jos. Lynde Mr.

Bromfield. Agreed to call as many as we could together

at the Council-Chamber at 3. p. m. there met 12. viz.

Mr. Winthrop, Tailer, Elisha Hutchinson, Sewall, Jos.

Lynde, Em Hutchinson, Bromfield Winslow, Clark, Da-

venport, Hutchmson Thomas, Mr. Secretary. Col. Towns-


36 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [171 4/5.

 

end was at Roxbury, to hear his son That preaches. Col.

Phillips came not over; Mr. Comissary was indispos'd by

the Gout. Col. Lynde sent his son Phillips with the

Letters; we had Spoken of another. Mr. Bromfield had

spoken to Flag to warn them. Lt Govr, as I hear, en-

quir'd what the Major Genl had to do to warn a Council?

When were together in the Closet, I mollified a little by

saying we were not a Council, but some Gentlemen of

the Council met together upon an extraordrnary occa-

sion, which Mr. Tailer took up with, placidly; After a

pretty deal of Talk, I motion'd that we might send to the

Governour to enquire whether He had received any Or-

ders; which was readily agreed to. At last, when I could

shift it no longer, Sewall, Jo. Lynde, Davenport, Tho.

Hutchinson went into the said Hutchinson's Coach. Got

thither a little after Five, only the Governour's Lady was

there; Mr. Wm Dudley received us, and call'd the Govr.

After a-while I rose up, and began to do the Message,

Govr would have me sit down. The Message was this;

May it please your Excellency, whereas the Six Months

given by the Parliament of Great Britain, for continuing

persons in their Civil and Military Offices; do expire this

day: These are humbly to enquire whether your Excel-

lency has received Orders from our Soveraign Lord King

George, enabling you to sustain the place of Governour

of this Province longer? If you have receiv'd no such

Orders, we are of opinion that Authority is devolv'd upon

His Majs Council, by the direction of our charter; and

that we are oblig'd in obedience thereunto, and for the

welfare of His Majesties Subjects here, to exert our selves

accordingly.

We humbly thank your Excellency for your good Ser-

vices done this people which are many; and for your

Favour to our selves in particular, and take leave to sub-

scribe our selves your Excellency's most humble and

faithfull Servants.


17l 4/5.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 37

 

Note. I had drawn this up, but they would vote but

what is on the other side.1

I intended it as a Letter: But they would have it by

word of Mouth. So I shew'd not the paper. The Gov-

ernour's Answer was, I have received no Orders: and ex-

press'd an Aversion to enter into discourse. I said, If was

out of the Province, this much more. Govr said that

was a Jest; might be out of the Province at a great dis-

tance, at Virginia, and yet give Orders in writing. Twas

more to be at Cascobay, than at New Hampshire. Drank

to me, saying, Judge Sewall. 'Twas Candlelight, went to

the door and crav'd Excuse for not going to the Gate.

And sent no body with us.

Govr said there were Thirty Canada Indians at Piscata

qua, he was listening after it.

When return'd, found our Company Waiting for us.

When we had related the Governour's Answer, and they

perceived by his declining to argue the matter, he de-

sign'd to hold his place, it put the Gentlemen to it. Col.

Hutchinson said, There must be a Council Call'd, all

seem'd to be of that mind; Mr. Winthrop would have had

the Secretary write Letters; but he said, 'Twas no Coun-

cil he could not doe it. I said Let us write and all sub-

scribe. Mr. Winthrop was so knockt that he said it could

not be done, if the Secretary declin'd. The Lt Govr and

Secretary left us. At last resolv'd to Write, and writ

Five Letters; To Situate, Marble-head, Salem, Ipswich,

Newbury. Gave the Northern Letters to Col. Lynde to

send from Charlestown by an Express. Gave Capt.

Cushin's to a Marshfield man whom Col. Winslow directed

us to; he to pay him for how much he went out of his

way. Time fix'd in the Letter sign'd by Ten, was two

a-clock p. m. Febr. 3.

 

1 Meaning what is on the other side of the leaf in his Journal, closing

with the word "accordingly." -EDS.


38 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [171 4/5.

 

Febr. 2. Went to the Meeting at Bror Thornton's, read

out of Mr. Shepard on the Virgins. They that were

ready went in: sung clauses out of the 45th Psalm.

Thorsday, Feb: 3. Very great Congregation; Dr.

Mather prays for them that had the Administration of the

Government; mentions neither Govr nor Lieut. Govr. Lt

Govr was present.

Thorsday, Febr 3. p. m. The Councillors met, whose

Names are to the Proclamation. Had long debate, drew

up votes to state the Question till I was weary. At last

voted the Devolution; only 2 or 3 that did not vote;

Then ordered 4. to acquaint the Govr what was done;

viz, Elisha Hutchinson esqr. Eliakim Hutchinson esqr.

Penn Townsend Esqr. and Josiah Winslow esqr. They

went though the night was pretty well enter'd. Many of

us stayed till they return'd: Govr said was not dead, nor

out of the province. Adjourned to the morning.

Friday, Febr. 4. Drew up a Proclamation; at my

going to Diner Col Hutchinson desired me to draw some-

thing, which I did, and 'twas agreed to with very little;

alteration.

Note. I had said King William and Queen Mary of

Blessed Memory, I pleaded when spoken to, They were

our Founders. Lt Govr spake hard against it, unless the

same was said for Queen Anne, so twas struck out.

Mr. Secretary drew that in the English Letter: Mr.

Secretary first drew, till His Majesties Orders; which Mr.

B. Lynde and I opos'd, as that which bound up our hands,

from doing anything: so twas struck out. Publish'd it

by Beat of Drum. Paper was sullied with the Rain. Mr.

Hiller read it, out of the Council-Chamber Gallery; Col.

Checkley, Major Fitch, Capt. Abijah Savage &c. present.

Dr. Cotton Mather could not be found, Sent for Mr. Pem-

berton, who was at Capt. Winslow's, and he pray'd with us.

I should have noted, that Mr. Tailer Contested the prece-

dency with Mr. Winthrop, seeing he had had the Honor


171 4/5.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 39

 

to sit at the Board as Lieut Govr and that the order of

privy seal, a Copy of which he produc'd, was Dead. But

the Council carried it for Mr. Winthrop nemine Con-

tradicente.

Febr. 6. No Govr nor Lt Govr mentioned in our publick

prayers.

This day I set Windsor Tune, and the people at the 2d

going over run into Oxford, do what I could.

Tuesday, Febr. 8. I walk with Judge Palmer, Mr.

Danl Oliver, Capt. Keeling, Constable Wainwright, to

suppress Disorders. Gave widow Noaks 3s.

Febr. 9. Council; Col. Phillips, and Capt. Norden take

their Oaths, to the Devolution Government. I told Col.

Phillips, we wanted him last week: He said his heart was

with us; but he was not well.

Febr. 10. Mr. Bridge preaches from Ps. 149. 2. Sung

the 47th Psalm.

Febr. 11th. Son preaches at Mr. Winthrop's.

Febr. 12. Last night Mrs. Bethiah Walley is brought

very little to Bed of a dead child.

Febr. 13. My wife goes to the Lord's Super. Richie

Love Recomended by Mr. Homes.

Febr. 14. I wait on Dr. Incr. Mather to have a Comis-

sioners Meeting appointed to morrow, at 3 aclock. But

when I came to Dr. C. Mather, he said should be em-

ploy'd in the Afternoon; so appointed it in the Morning:

Gave Flagg the List to warn, because Maxwell was Cast

out of the Church yesterday, and is superanuated.

In the Afternoon, Col. Townsend, Mr. Bromfield, Mr.

Mr. Addington, Davenport and I visited the Governour, who

Treated us with good Drink and Apples. No body went

with us to the Gate. Govr. Hunter's Proclamation comes

to Town dated Jany. 29. ordering those of pernicious prin-

ciples to be aprehended and punished, who assert that

Comissions are void at the end of the Six Moneths.

Midweek, Febr. 16. Council, Col. Otis, Capt. Cushing,


40 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [171 4/5.

 

Col. Noyes, and Wheelwright, Take the Oaths. Vote to

give New Comissions to Civil Officers.

17. Sign many Comissions. The Boston Magistrates

and Ministers meet at the Chief Justices in the evening

to speak about sending an Address, which is agreed to.

I visited Madam Coney and went from thence to the said

Meeting.

18. Dr. Cotton Mather, Mr. Pemberton, Colman, come

into Council and intimat what was discoursed last night at Mr.

Winthrop's. Council order me and Mr. B. Lynde to

give their Answer, viz, That 'tis agreeable to them, and

they wish it may be gone forward with. We went imedi-

ately but can't find them, went to Mr. Pemberton's, Col-

man's. At last as were going to Dr. Mather's, Mr. Lynde

call'd at his Brother's and found the Dr. there. We went

in, drank Tea, after we had done our Message. A comis-

sion was drawn and sign'd for Mr. Wm Dudley as Sheriff;

he was sent for to offer it to him, He said he had one

already from the Govr and Council and saw no reason to

take another, with a Little seeming Banter he said his

had a Seal, This had none.

Febr. 16. Bror. goes to Brooklin.

Febr. 19. A Comission is given to Mr. Wm Pain.

Note. Dr. Incr. Mather was at Mr. Wadsworth's Lecture.

Febr. 20. Excellent Wether. Mr. Pemberton not

abroad in the forenoon, yet preaches p. m.

Monday, Febr. 21. Son Sewall intended to go home

on the Horse Tom. brought, sent some of his Linen by

him: but when I came to read his wive's Letter to me,

his Mother was vehemently against his going: and I was

for considering. I took the Horse and rode to Timo Har-

ris of Brooklin. Staid there so long that twas almost

dark before I got to Roxbury. Meeting house, yet call'd

and saw Mrs. Mary Mighell. Visited Mr. Walter, staid

long with him, read my daughters Letters to her Husband

and me: yet he still advis'd to his going, home. Went


171 4/5.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 41

 

home in the dark between 7 and 8. My Wife can't yet

agree to my Son's going home.

Febr. 22. Lt Govr goes out of Town. Rains most

the day.

Febr. 23. Great Storm of Rain. Wind at North-east;

so that shall hardly have a Council to day.

Midweek, March, 2. Mr. Secretary offers a Draught

for a Fast. The President persuaded him to strike out

words about Establishment of the Government. Mr.

Tailer procured to have the Prince particularly men-

tion'd. I prevail'd to have Rain Specially inserted, and

gave the Words, which I prepar'd at Noon; carried it to

the Press.

Midweek, March, 9. Mr. Secretary is in Council; Fore-

noon and Afternoon. I remember, I ask'd leave of him to

go to the Barbers, assuring him I would return presently.

Fifth-day, March, 10th. Mr. Secretary is taken with

fainting as he rose out of his Bed in the Morning: sunk

down. Taken agen at Noon. As went out of the Coun-

cil in the Morning, Mr. Davenport desired me to acquaint

Mr. Sewall who preach'd: but he was got into pulpit be-

fore I reach'd the Meetinghouse, so no publick Prayers.

March, 13. Mr. Secretary Pray'd for publickly.

Midweek, March, 16. Lt Govr comes to me in the

morning, shews me Mr. Dudley's case truly stated; 'twas

laid at his Steps. Councillors were much surpris'd: p. m.

sent for the Printers: before had done examining them, I

went away to the Funeral of my Grandson, Billy Hirst,

after I had acquainted the President.

March, 18. Being desired, I drew up a Proclamation.

Satterday, March, 19. Mr. Secretary Addington dyes

between 11. and 12. before Noon.1 Govr Dudley came to

visit him; but he was dead 1/4 of an hour before.

 

1 Isaac Addington, a son of a surgeon of the same name, and of Anne, a

sister of Governor Leverett, was born in Boston, Jan. 22, 1644-45, and died


42 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [171 4/5.

 

March, 20. Lt Govr. comes to my house, shews me the

printed Copy from the London Gazett in Govr Hunter's

hand at New-York. It seems Mr. Paul Dudley bestirr'd

himself to have his Father pray'd for as Govr, and that

the Order for the Fast might not be Read. Mr. Pember-

ton Spake to me as went by the foreseat in the morning.

I Spake against it as I could so on a sudden surprise, men-

tion'd the Exception, or provision be made. Mr. Sewall

pray'd as formerly. Mr. Pemberton ask'd if I had read

it, I said yes: Said he should have seen it! At Noon I

carried it to him borrowed of Mr. Newton: He had it of

Mr. Cambbell before, was reading it; Said he was amaz'd

I should speak as I did; twas as far from it as East from

West: New-England, he fear'd, would pay dear for being

Fond of Government. I say'd unless he knew those that

were Fond of Government he did ill so to Censure. Said

I came only to give him a sight of the Proclamation,

he might use his Freedom. He thank'd me and I went

away.

P. m. Mr. Pemberton acquainted the Congregation

that he had received an Order for a Fast from Civil Au-

thority, he had it not with him, Spake of reading it next

Lord's Day. He never said a word that I know of,

though the President and Three other of the Council were

 

there, March 19, 1715. Though trained to the profession of his father, he

devoted himself to the public service, and was highly honored for his ability

and fidelity in several trusts in the interest of his native place. He was

a representative of Boston and speaker in 1685, and next year an assistant.

He took an active part in the proceedings against Andros, Dudley, and

others of the Council in the revolutionary outburst in April, 1689, and,

temporary re-establishment of the popular government, he was chosen Secre-

tary of the Council of Safety. On the return of Dudley, and afterwards,

under the Governorship of his former prisoner, it wou1d seem that both were

willing that oblivion should settle on their former relations, for Addington

filled the office of Secretary till his death. He was a Judge of the Court of

Common Pleas from 1693 to 1702, and Chief-Justice of the Superior Court

in 1702-03. He was Assistant or Councillor from 1693 to 1714, and was

successively Clerk, Registrar, and from 1702 to 1715, Judge, of Suffolk Pro-

bate Court. -- EDS.


171 4/5.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 43

 

of his Church, and before him: he saw not fit to advise

with them. Pray'd for those that were or might be called

to the Government. A little before night Mr. Paul Dudley,

and Mr. Wm Dumer come to my house; call to Speak with

me. Mr. Dudley acquaints me that the Govr intended to

be here in Town about Eleven a-clock to publish the proc-

lamatlon, that I might be there; said would goe to every

one of the Council. I said, but is this sufficient, meaning

the Copy. His eyes Sparkled, Said he had no orders to

dispute, there had been great Friendship between him

and me. I said I had done nothing to forfeit it. As was

going out said his at father would come to Town with two

Troops of Horse.

In the evening most, or all the Councillors in Town

met at the Chief Justices. I ask'd whether, Or other

provision be made -- did keep the Council in the Govern-

ment? All seem d to express themselves satisfied, that

their Fatigue was almost over. Capt. Belchar said he

would hinder the coming of the Troops.

Monday, March, 21. Govr comes to Town with Four

Troops in stead of two. Twelve of the Council were

there at the proclamation. I was not there, I used to be

with Mr. Addington; and was griev'd at the forbidding

to read the Fast. i.e. Mr. P. Dudley writ to the Minis-

ters to pray for his father, and not to read the Order for

the Fast. I knew nothing of the Fast, till Mr. Pemberton

was declin'd reading it. Dr. Mather, Mr. Bridge, Mr. Webb

read it; Mr. Pemberton and Colman did not. Dr. C.

Mather said it was sign'd by the hon'ble Wait Winthrop

esqr. the president of the Council and 17. more of the

council, and Countersign'd &c.

Midweek, March, 23. Mr. Addington buried from the

Council-Chamber; twas a sad Spectacle; Bearers, Lt Govr,

Mr. Winthrop; Elisha Hutchinson, Sewall; Eliakim Hutch-

inson, Belchar. 20 of the Council were assisting, it being

the day for Apointing Officers. All had Scarvs. Bearers


44 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [171 4/5.

Scarvs, Rings, Escutcheons. Was laid in Govr Leverett's

Tomb. March 24. Mr. Bridge preaches the Lecture.

Friday, March, 25. Mr. B. Lynde and I take the

Hackney coach and wait on the Govr I wish his Excel-

lency good success in his Return to the exercise of his

Government; ask'd if had any Service to Plimouth;

entertain'd us very pleasantly, came with us to the Gate.

March, 26. Mr. Judge Lynde and I set out for Plimo.

Jn Arcus waits on me; got comfortably to Mr. Randel's

before sunset.

March, 27. Mr. Eels preaches very well. Sup with

him. Give Sarah Witherel (now Hubbard) Ten Shillings.

Gave Mr. Eels some small Books. Earl Sacrament,1 Wads-

worth Catechisme, Colman Providence, Sister Sewall,

First Proclamation, Declaration, in the 5s. for Contribution.

March, 28. Set out for Plimouth with Briant, pretty

deal of Ram and Hail. Dine at Cook's. Sheriff with 9

in his Company come thither notwithstanding the Rain,

in which rode to Plimouth: Got thither about 5 p. m.

with little inconvenience, my Hood and Coat sat very well

about me. Laus Deo.

March, 29. Made Mr. Little Clark pro hac vice, Mr.

Cooke being sick of the Gout. Mr. Valentine at his com-

ing gives us the News by Bermuda that came to Boston

on the Lord's day, March 27. Col. Byfield stands vigor-

ously for the Government.

March, 30. Adjourn sine die. visit Mrs. Little (Hanah

Willard) very sick, desired my Prayers.

March, 31. Aedem intravi mane. After the exercise,

Mr. Cushman Sups with us; visit Mr. Thomas, and Mr.

Watson and wife: he not at home.

Apr. 1. Snows all day, whereby are kept at Plimouth.

Mr. Josiah Cotton, and Stedman dine with us. To Madam

 

1 Rev. Dr. Jabez Earl's Treatise on the Sacrament, 1707, often reprinted

(Allibone). -- EDS.


1715.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 45

 

Willard Twenty Shillings; Mr. Ephraim Little, Ten; To

the Sheriff's Attendants each a bound Book Wadsworth,

Earl, Colman Providence.1

Apr. 2. Set out homeward about 6. m. Baited Bair-

sto, Cushing, Mills. Got home about 6. p. m. Laus Deo.

Apr. 3. Dr. Incr. Mather preaches at the South p. m.

April, 7. Govr and his Lady at Lecture, Mr. Wads-

worth preaches, Mr. Pemberton being sick. Text Heb.1.

8. A Sceptre of Righteousness. Genl Council p. m.

Govr propounds Mr. Paul Dudley for Judge of Probat.

Ten No's; Eight yea's, as the Govr told them. Mr. Fitch

made a Justice, Mr. Jonathan Pool at Reading.

Apr. 8. Rains hard, abates about 5, which makes way

to attend the Meeting at Mr. Stoddard's, where Mr. Sewall

preaches; Mr. Colman is an Auditor.

Apr. 10. Mr. Holyoke preaches at the South p. m.;

Mr. Pemberton remains sick.

April, 12. Council settle Mr. Tucker's Estate of Rox-

bury. Govr is very pleasant, Speaks to Mr. Winthrop

and me to dine with the Ministers to morrow. Visit Mr.

Pemberton a 3d time.

Apr. 13. Swallows apear. Mr. Short sets out for

Newbury. The Govr, Chief Justice Winthrop, Sewall,

Townsend Dine with the Ministers at the Dragon. I sat

between Mr. Bridge and Mr. Thacher of Milton. Dr.

Incr. Mather crav'd a Blessing; Dr. C. Mather return'd

Thanks. Mr. Pemberton not there.

Apr. 14. Mr. Craighead preaches the Lecture in Mr.

Colman's Turn. Mr. Thacher of Milton, and Mr. Dan-

forth of Taunton dine with us. I visit Mr. Peter Dallie,2

who seems to be in a languishing dying Condition; has

kept house about 8. weeks. Mrs. Little died last Tues-

 

1 Rev. Benjamin Colman's Sermon on Mrs. Elizabeth Wainwright, 1714.

--EDS.

2 This was Rev. Pierre Daille, minister of the French Church in Boston.

He died May 21, 1715, in the sixty-seventh year of his age. -- EDS.


 

46 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1715.

 

day night. Council, at which gave 10. Discourses Capt.

Tho. Hutchinson, and Charlestown Gentlemen not there,

April, 21. News comes that Col. Burgess1 is to be our

Governour. Arriv'd just before Lecture, which is Mr.

J. Sewall's. Sarah Cumins was Married this day; This

News will damp my daughter of Brooklin her Triumph.

May, 2. Little Samuel de Josepho, born. Mrs. Whit-

more Midwife.

May, 8. Baptised; The wet wether and my Indisposi-

tion caused me to stay at home; that I had not the

Satisfaction to be present at the Baptisme. I took cold

May, 1. which kept me at home all the time of the Court

the first week.

May, 24. Went with Col. Townsend to Roxbury Lec-

ture. Lecture visited the Govr, confin'd by his

Gout. His Excellency made a Dedimus to my self, Col.

Phillips, Col. Lynde, to give the Deputies the Oaths.

This was done before I knew of it. Rid home with Mr.

Comissary in his Coach.

1 Readers of Dr. Palfrey's admirable History of New England will re-

member the novel and characteristic feature of his method by which, when

tracing the measures of our local governments in our colonial and provincial

times, he constantly takes us back to the court and cabinet of the mother

country, to develop the influence which parties and intrigues there had

upon our own affairs and interests. Certainly, the aptness and significance

of his method in so doing were abundantly illustrated and justified by the

facts which be set before the reader. It was curious to note, in some of the

English judgments and criticisms on his work, when it was first noticed

abroad, that some slights and other than considerate and respectful com-

ments were passed upon the seeming assumption that our affairs could at the

time have had any serious interest for Englishmen, and that court intrigues

were at all influenced by any reference to our colonial concerns. None the

less was there very much of that reciprocal interaction. And the indifference

or contempt which seemed to characterize the feelings of most Englishmen

towards the colonies -- while there was in reality such a living tie of com-

mon interest between them received a fatting retributive penalty, when,

in the fomenting of the controversies which opened our revolutionary war,

even English statesmen were rudely aroused to a conviction, that it would

have been a wiser course for their cabinet had discreet policy taken the

place of trifling and intrigue. -- EDS.


1715.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 47

 

May, 25. Election-day; Col. Phillips, Lynde, and I

give the Deputies the Oaths. Mr. Jer. Shepard preaches.

Dine at the Green Dragon. Six left out; Phillips, Cor-

win, Townsend, Partridge, Saml Appleton, Noyes.

May, 26. The Deputies send the Election to the Govr

to Roxbury. His Return is, I Consent to the election of

Mrs. Councillors, except Nathanl Byfield Esqr.

May, 27. Friday, Col. Hutchinson, Sewall, Jn Appleton

to go to Roxbury, and take the Oaths before the Govr in

his Bed-Chamber. Return to Boston, and administer

them to the Councillors.

May, 31. The Govr comes first to Town, was carried

from Mr. Dudley's to the Town-House in Cous. Dumer's

Sedan: but twas too tall for the Stairs, so was fain to be

taken out near the top of them. He vehemently urg'd

passing the Ministers' Motion for a Synod. Withdrew.

Brother Moodey for Newbury and Bror Northend for Row-

ley. Lodge at our House.

June, 6. Mr. Stephens preaches the Artillery Sermon.

Made a very good Discourse from Isa. 2. 4. Govr dines

not publickly, at the Dragon.

I should have mention'd the Smiting Plimouth Meet-

ing-house by Lightning June, 3. Friday, Capt. Warren

their Deputy came as far as Bairsto's May 24. Was

taken sick there, 25. Carried in a Horselitter to his

Son-in-law at Jones River, 26. to his own House at

Eel River, where he expired on the Lord's day night

following.

Tuesday, June, 21. In the Forenoon Govr slgnifies his

Intention to prorogue the Court; had sat 4 weeks and

done nothing, were distemper'd. Bill for the Tax Read;

I express'd my desire that the voting of it might be left

to a longer time, at least to the Afternoon: but the Govr

would have it voted then; and it past in the Negative

because 'twas but for 11,000. I voted not because of

great moment, and so suddenly call'd for. Deputies are


48 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1715.

sent for in, and the Court prorogued to the 20th July at

10. m.

Friday, July, 1. p. m. I finish my work on the Bills of

Credit for 50.000. and carry the two last Bundles to

Col. Checkley, as I went to the Meeting at Capt. Habijah

Savages'; Told him I came to take Leave of him. Laus

Deo.

Satterday, July, 2. I give Col. Hutchinson Mr. Col-

man's Book on the Virgins, in Consideration of his giving

me my Table. Cost 10s. I bought of Mr. Gerrish, Dyke

on Philemon for my Dear Wife.1 When I got home

was grievously surpris'd to find Hanah fallen down the

Stairs again, the Rotula of her Left Knee broken, as the

other was; and a great Gash Cut a cross her Right Legg

just below the Knee, which were fain to stitch. Much

blood issued out. The Lord Sanctify this Smarting Rod

to me, and mine! This cloud returning after the Rain!

Broke her Right Knee-pan the fifth of August 1714.

July, 3. Put up a Note for Hanah to be pray'd for, in

the morning.

July, 4. Joseph prays with his sister in the Chamber.

July, 5. Mr. Pemberton prays with her.

July, 6. Went to the Funeral of James Salter, a Sober,

desirable Man of about 31 years old. I went with Mr.

Bridge, and as I came back, brought him in: He likewise

pray'd with Hannah.

This day it is Fifty four years Since I first was brought

ashoar to Boston near where Scarlet's wharf now is, July,

6, 1661, Lord's Day. The Lord help me to Redeem the

Time which passes so swiftly. I was then a poor little

School-boy of Nine years and old. This day I have

written a Letter to my Cousin Joseph Moodey, student in

1 Rev. Daniel Dyke died about 1614, "a Puritan divine of great learning

and piety." Among his works Allibone mentions "Philemon, 1618, quarto."

-- EDS.


1715.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 49

 

Harvard College, mending a Copy of his verses shewed

me by his Father. Two were thus alter'd :

Tempore, quaeso pater, libros mihi mittere dignes!

Musaeum vacuum est, et solus degere Cogor.

Transcrib'd my three Lines made to direct me in sign-

ing the Pound-plate.1

Ter niger apparet cui competit ordo Secundus,

Dyke Ter signat Rubro, qui Tertius Ordine signat

Ultimus et primus gradiuntur passibus aequis.

 

Sent four Bills exemplifying it, and 2d Bill to make it

as the up Forty -- Praying God for his Blessing on his Academi-

cal Life concluded. Laus Deo. His Tutor Mr. Holyoke

carried it at last.

Friday, July, 8. Mr. Leverett the President comes to

our House, and we issue cousin Jno Quinsey's Business;

Dine here, and two Men that came from Dover to enquire

after Mr. Short.

July, 14. Son preaches out of Isa. 11. His Rest shall

be glorious. Mr. Stobo, and several other Carolina Min-

isters were Auditors. p. m. I visited Dr. C. Mather and

his new Wife2 at the house that was Mr. Kellond's. young

Mr. Rogers din'd with me.

July, 15th. Mr. Short calls early in his way to Dover.

In the evening I receive Sir William Ashurst's Letter

bringing the Remittance of Mr. Hopkin's Legacy.

 

1 The" Act for a new impression of the Bills of Credit on this Province,

passed June 25, 1714, empowered and directed a committee of six persons

specially named (of whom Sewall and Checkley were two), or any four of

the six, to cause to be imprinted, bills of credit to a stated amount, from

three plates, and to sign them. Sewall refers, in his Latin lines, to the

four signers and the three plates. Musaeum, in the distich, seems to mean

the College. Joseph Moody did not graduate till 1718. Edward Holyoke

was Tutor from 1712 to 1716, and became President in 1737. -- EDS.

2 Rev. Cotton Mather married, July 5, 1715, for his third wife, Lydia,

widow of John George. Ante p. 27, note. -- EDS.

VOL. III.


50 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1715.

 

July, 17. My son and Mr. Webb Exchange. Mr.

Pemberton not abroad in the Forenoon. Baptizes Mr.

Clark's Son John, p.m. Walk with Mr. Bromfield,

Const.[able] Thair &c., but were pretty much prevented

by the Rain: staid out tin near Sun-set.

July 21. Madam Cooke 1 dyes, Sleeping in her Chair

after Sore and strong pains. Was a pious worthy Gentle-

woman, born April 26, 1651. Married June 1668.

July 23, interred in Govr Leverett's Tomb in the Old

burying place. Bearers, Govr, Lt Govr; Winthrop, Elish

Hutchinson; Sewall, Em Hutchinson. Scarf, Ring, Gloves,

Escutcheon. Rain'd pretty much.

July, 24. Mrs. Ane Kay was buried; bearers, Sewall,

Checkley; Deming, Hill; Lewis, Langden. Aged 74.,

born at Manchester. Was a good Woman, and a good

School-Mistress.

July, 26. Go to Cambridge with Mr. Lynde in Sted-

man's Calash. Mr. Brattle prays at opening the Court.

All the Justices there. Chief Justice dines not with us,

by reason of the Sickness of Madam Brattle.

July, 27. By candle-light Adjourn sine Die.

July, 28. Mrs. Brattle dies at 2 p. m.

July, 30. Mrs. Brattle 2 Buried; Bearers, President, Mr.

Angier; Gibbs, Wadsworth; Pemberton, Bradstreet. Fel-

lows Flint, Holyoke, Robie had Scarvs. After the women

followed Lt Govr Usher, Sewall; Jos. Lynde, Em Hutchin-

son; Tho. Oliver, Francis Foxcroft esqr. Twas Six a-clock

when came out of the Burying place; so I came Straight

home upon my Gray Horse; Saw a Rainbow in Charles-

town Market place. Caus'd the Shops to be shut up, as I

rode along. Got home very comfortably. Laus Deo.

 

1 She was Elizabeth, daughter of Governor John Leverett, and wife of

Elisha Cooke. -- EDS.

2 This was Elizabeth, daughter of Nathaniel Hayman, of Charlestown,

and first wife of Rev. William Brattle, of Cambridge. She died July 28,

1715. -- EDS.


1715.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 51

 

Twas a great Funeral, and would probably have been

much greater, but for the Abundance of Rain which fell

this day, and danger of more throughout the Afternoon.

Lord's Day, July, 31. My Son baptises Nathanael Be-

thune,1 James Salter and Anne.

Feria Secunda, Augt. 1. 1715. Dr. Increase Mather

visits us, Discourses in a very Friendly obliging maner.

At my desire prays with Hanah, and speaks Comfortably

to her: Prays for me, my Wife, eldest Son present, the

family. Laus Deo.

Feria tertia, Augt. 2. Fast at Mr. Colman's about Call-

ing another Minister. Mr. Wadsworth began with Prayer;

Mr. Colman preach'd from Ephes. 4. 8. 11. Excellently:

Censur'd him that had Reproach'd the Ministers as if they

were Gog and Magog; said would conclude as Zech. 3. 2.

The Lord rebuke thee Satan -- Mr. Bridge pray'd and

gave the Blessing.

p. m. Mr. Pemberton pray'd, Dr. Cotton Mather

preach'd from Isa. 5. 6. latter clause, I will command the

clouds &c. Excellently; censur'd him that had reproach'd

the Ministry, calling the Proposals Modalities of little con-

sequence, and made in the Keys; call'd it a Satanick in-

sult, twice over, and it found a kind Reception. Dr.

Increase Mather concluded, Sung the 3d part of the 68th

PS. Gibson set the Low Dutch Tune, Dr. Incr. Mather

gave the Blessing. All excellently; only I could wish

the extremity of the censure had been forborn -- Lest we

be devoured one of another. Neither the Govr (though in

Town) nor Mr. Paul Dudley present.

Monday, Augt. 8. Set out at 11. at night on Horseback

with Tho. Wallis to inspect the order of the Town.

Constable Eady, Mr. Allen, Salter, Herishor Simson,

 

1 Probably a son of George Bethune, of Boston, who was certainly here

in 1724. He was of a younger branch of the Bethunes of Balfour, and his

descendants now represent the male line of that distinguished Scotch family.

See Heraldic Journal, IV. 178. -- EDS.


52 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1715.

Howel, Mr. John Marion. Dissipated the players at Nine

Pins at Mount-Whoredom.1

Benjamin Davis, Chairmaker, and Jacob Hasy were two

of them. Reproved Thomas Messenger for entertaining

them.

As came home between 2 and three took up Peter

Griffis the notorious Burglarer and comitted him to

Prison. Generally, the Town was peaceable and in good

order.

Tuesday, Augt. 9. Sent the Keeper a Mittimus per

Joseph Webb: S. Tyly writ it.

Midweek, Augt. 10. Cousins Mehetabel and Sarah

Moodey go home by water. This day Billy Gibs, the

Minister's Son, is drown'd at Cambridge a little above the

Bridge. Boarded at Mr. Brattle's and went to School:

was about 11. years old. Was drown'd at young Floud

and not taken up till eleven at night, by Torches; one

accidentally trod on him; could not Swim. Buried at

Watertown next day. The same Midweek. Bordman on

the Comon had a little Son who came from the Reading

School near Eccles's, and dy'd before night. The good

Lord awaken us by these awfull and Sharp Afflictions!

Augt. 11. Mr. Pemberton preaches. Dr. C. Mather

sick and not at Lecture. Dr., his father there. It seems

my good friend Mr. Thomas Mayhew2 died the same day

 

1 We may presume this spot to have been on the slope of Beacon Hill.

Mr. Bowditch, in one of his invaluable "Gleaner" articles in the "Tran-

script," under the date of Nov. 16, 1855, writes as follows: "I once saw a

very large and accurate plan in the possession of the Mount Vernon proprie-

tors, made sixty or seventy years ago, which was entitled by the surveyor,

in large and elaborate letters, 'A plan of Mount Hoardam.' This strucck

me as a very ingenious and modest way of conforming to the then popular

nomenclature of the spot, without giving offence 'to ears polite.'" It seems

from Sewall, that the name, as applied to some locality in Boston, is very

ancient. -- EDS.

2 Thomas Mayhew was third of the names, his father being Rev. Thomas

Mayhew, Jr., of Martha's Vineyard. This Thomas was Justice of the

Inferior Court of Common Pleas, serving as associate from its foundation.


1715. ] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 53

Madam Cook: did. The Loss is to us in a maner irrepa-

able, respecting the Government of the Indians.

Augt. 12. Mrs. Lord from Carolina visits us. I gave

her 20d Fine Rain at night.

Lord's Day, Augt. 14. About an hour before Sunset I

walk with Constable Thair, and by that means went in to

the new Burying place attending the Funeral of Cousin

Ana Powell 17. mos old.

1692, and as Chief Justice from July 17,1699, to Oct. 27, 1713. His bro-

thers, Matthew and John, as indeed all the family, were noted for their

devotion to the cause of the Indians. -- EDS.

1 This reference may be a proper place to give some details about the

Dummers in New England.

Richard 1 Dummer (Sewall's grand-uncle), by first wife, Mary, had to

Shuball, b. Feb. 17, 1636, H. C. 1656. By second wife, Frances, widow of

Rev. Jonathan Burr, he had three sons, Jeremiah,2 Richard,2 and William,2

and a daughter, Hannah.2

His son, Jeremiah2 Dummer, of Boston, had Jeremiah,3 b.

; William,3 b. ; Samuel,3 b. ; Anne,3

b. , m. John Powell, May 12, 1714.

Of these, Jeremiah,3 Jr. was the well-known Agent of the Colonies who

died in England in 1739. Eliot, in his Biographical Dictionary, gives a

good account of him, and we annex the following remarks from the "Boston

News Letter," No. 1828, for Aug. 23, 1739. It is copied from a London

newspaper.

" From the 'Daily Advertiser,' May 26. -- The Gentleman who was said

by Mistake in some of the Papers of this Week, to have died at Maryland

Point, was Jeremiah Dummer, Esq: formerly agent to the New-England

colony. During a considerable Part of Queen Anne's Reign he was inti-

mate with and greatly valued by all the Ministers, and the brightest Genius's

of that Time, he being well skill'd in the learned Languages, and some of the

Modern, thoroughly acquainted with the most valuable Parts of Literature,

and a graceful Speaker. He had a fine Memory: and being of a very com-

municative and beneficent Disposition, his Company was eagerly sought

after by all Lovers of good Sense and Humanity.

"Having a true Relish for Life, he retir'd from Business some Years,

which he pass'd among his Books and a few Friends. He died at Plaistow

in Essex, the same Philosopher he had liv'd, with a Resignation becoming a

Being, who was going to appear before its Creator, and with the warmest

Wishes to his friends and Acquaintance, and particularly to his Country, to

which he address'd those famous Words of Father Paul, -- Esto Perpetua."

We presume that Jeremiah 3 died without issue. Samuel 3 Dummer lived

at, Wilmington, Mass., where he died Feb. 6, 1737. The Middlesex Probate

foundation show administration was granted, with consent of his brother William,


54 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1715.

 

Mr. Pitkin din'd with us this day.

Augt. 15. Joseph prays with Cousin Green's John, very

sick.

Augt. 16. Col. Townsend, Son Sewall the Minister, and

I ride in the Hackney Coach to Mr. Walter's Lecture.

Brought home with us Madam Increase Mather. Mr. W.'s

Doctrine was, Every Comand of the Law is Good.

in the Author, Matter, Design: from Rom. 7. 12. Saw

little Hanah at the Governours. Gave her an Eighteen

peny Bill.

Augt. 18. Mr. Pemberton apears in a Flaxen Wigg.

Mr. Webb preaches from Eccles. 9. 10. Whatsoever thy

on his estate, to Samuel Ruggles and to his daughter, Elizabeth Dummer.

Charges are made for the expenses of the widow for lying in of a posthumous

child. Sept. 1, 1740, administration on estate of this Elizabeth Dummer

was granted to Rev. Daniel Rogers, of Littleton, who had married the widow.

The inventory mentions land in Jamaica formerly owned by her father, and

property in England unascertained: it was probably derived from her uncle.

Samuel Dummer was sheriff of Middlesex, 1729-1731.

She died at Littleton, July 16,1740, and is called the only child of Samuel

Dummer, "born of Elizabeth who was his wife, now wife of the Rev. M.

Daniel Rogers of said L." Rev. Daniel Rogers is said (N. E. Hist. Gen.

Register, V. 325) to have married Mary Whiting, perhaps a first wife. By

this wife he had eight children. His wife Elizabeth died Sept. 13, 1779,

aged seventy-four years, and he died Nov. 22, 1782, aged seventy-seven years.

The other son, William 3 Dummer, was our Lieutenant-Governor,

many years the acting Governor. His will (Suff. Wills, Lib. 59, f. 398) men-

tions no children, nor Dummer nephews or nieces. He gave his estate partly

in charity, to found the Dummer Grammar School, and the rest to the chil-

dren of his sister, Anne Powell. Of this, Jeremiah Powell was the principal

heir, though his brothers, John and William, were also favored. He gave

to Jeremiah Powell, lauds in North Yarmouth, Co. York, bought of Rev.

Daniel Rogers, of Littleton, and his wife, Elizabeth, which had formerly

belonged to Samuel Dummer, of Wilmington. He mentions kinsfolk,

Nathaniel Dummer, of Ipswich (whom he made a trustee of the school),

Mary Oulton, and William Vans, son of Mr. Hugh Vans.

Although the male line of Dummers was thus extinguished in the de-

scendants of Jeremiah,2 his brother Richard,2 who married Elizabeth Apple-

ton, and died in 1689, had four sons, John,3 Richard,3 Nathaniel,3 and

Shubael,3 some of whom continued the name. Nathamel3 Dummer, men-

tioned as above in the will of his cousin William,3 was great-grandfather of

Henry E. Dummer, now living. -- EDS.


1715.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 55

 

hand findeth. Made a good Discourse. PS. 90. 9-12.

Sung.

Augt. 19. Mr. Thomas Bridge is seiz'd again with his

paralytic Distemper.

Augt. 20. I set out with Jno Arcus for Salem, in a Ca-

lash, get thither about 5. p. m. Very hot. Visit Cousin

Higginson sitting on her Pallet Bed. Mr. Noyes comes

to me there.

Augt. 21. I visit Col. Hathorne, who is very glad to

see me.

Augt. 22. Mr. Corwrn and I set out for Newbury,

Round, because of the high wind; Though the Rain were

mostly over, yet we had a little. Din'd at Chadwell's,

where were Mr. Lynde, Capt. Price. Went by Thurrel's

Bridge because of the high wind; got seasonably to Cous.

Woodbridge's, where we had very good Lodging.

Augt. 23. Din'd at Winget's. Went to Bloody Point

to Mr. Knight, where had good Pasture for our Horses,

Ferry'd over the Calm Water very pleasantly to Capt.

Layton's, in Kittery.

Augt. 24. Mr. Emery pray'd at opening the Court.

Mr. Moody gone to Boston by Water. In Mr. Thomas's

Case, Mr. Cutts desires a view; near night they goe.

Augt. 25. We impanel and industriously improve an-

other Jury. Tother Jury returns. Finish all our Ac-

tions this night.

Adjourn to 7. m. Much Rain.

Augt. 26. Hear the Kitte'ry Selectmen respecting their

Presentment for not having a Schoolmaster. Adjourn'd

sine Die. Ferry'd over very well to Mr. Knight's. At

Hampton I order'd a Bass to be Dress'd ; sent for Mr.

Gookin, with whom We din'd very pleasantly. Got well

to Cous. Woodbridges, when duskish. Mr. Cutting Noyes,

and his Bror Major Noyes, came to us, Capt. Greenlef,

Deacon Coffin.

Augt. 27. Mr. Corwin and I go by the Ferry; Thomas


56 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1715.

 

and Lynde by the Bridge and John Arcus; call at Sister

Northend's, She came out to us. Baited at Chadwell's

Call'd at Mr. Wigglesworth's, Gerrish. Got to Brother's

about two p. m. Dine, set out past 3. Twas Nine

aclock before got into my own house: found all well.

Laus Deo.

Augt. 28. Son administers the Sacrament. Mr. Stod-

dard and Pemberton join in breaking Bread. Mr. Wil-

liams comes to us and sups with us.

Augt. 29. Mr. Williams prays with us in Hanah's Cham-

ber, who is grown much better.

Septr. 1. Mr. Stoddard preaches the Lecture, Excel-

lently.

7r 2d. Prays with her again Excellently; and with us.

7r 3d. I visit Mrs. Mary Mighil at the house of the

widow Rebekah Nash; and Speak to Mr. Perkins, and

Mr. Webb to visit her.

7r. 10th. Mr. Lynde and I set out for Bristol. Dine

with Mr. Belchar at Dedham; go by the Fulling-mill, at

the Houses, Bait. Get to Wrentham about Sunset.

7r. 11th. Hear Mr. Man preach forenoon and Afternoon.

Dine at his House, and go to prayer there after the Ex-

ercises. In the evening Mr. Man vists us, at Capt.

Wear's.

7r. 12th. Set out for Bristol. Bait at Freeman's. Sev-

eral met there about their Settlement, Mr. White present.

Having some Occasion given me, I said, To have a good

settlement the way was to dig deep by Humiliation for

laying their foundation. Gave Mr. Short's daughter a

New-England Shilling. Din'd at Carpenter's. Were met

at the Gate by the Sheriff, Pain, Mackintosh esqr. Capt.

Brenton, Mr. Nutting, Mr. Birge, Mr. Raynolds. Mr.

Curwin kept Sabbath there. Col. Thomas came to us be-

fore we left Mrs. Sarah Smith's Chamber.

7r. 13th. Mr. Sparhawk prays Excellently at opening

the Court, 14, 15, 16, 17.


1715.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 57

 

Thorsday was very Rainy. Mr. Hale dined with us

one day.

17th. adjourn'd to the Chamber and there, after Diner,

adjourned sine die. I visited Madam Byfield, who is som-

thing lonesom and much afflicted with the Tissick; She

was very glad to see me, I gave her one of the Comemo-

rations.1 Got home a little before Sun-set. Curwin,

Thomas, Lynde mov'd out of Town.

7r. 18. Lord's Day, Mr. Sparhawk goes to Swansey, and

Mr. Hale preaches at Bristol both parts of the day. Dea-

con Cary sings Sweetly. Visit Mr. Sparhawk in the

evening. Give him a 20s Bill.

7r. 19th. Henry Mackintosh esqr. and Mr. Sparhawk

bring me going to the Gate: I would have had them gon

back sooner. Gave said Mackintosh a Comemoration; and

his daughter, Mr. Colman's book of Mirth.2 Had the Com-

pany of Mr. Fr. Homes to the Black Horse. Sheriff came

after us to the Ferry. When had Baited at Hunt's with

Oats Mr. Cooke and I proceed to Frenches; where we

din'd with Fry'd Lamb and Partridge. Got to Billinges

before 'twas dark.

7r. 20. Proceeded by way of punkapog, and then

through Brush Hill, viewing the pleasant Meadow on

Neponset. Got home well abt 1/2 hour past One. Laus

Deo! Left word at Capt. Lamb's that Madam Blagrove

intended to set out on Tuesday morning.

7r. 22. Great Rain, which makes the Lecture thiner.

Council, wherein the Govr prorogues the Court to 8r. 26.

Met before Diner. Before night Parnell arrives, in whom

comes Mr. Secretary Woodward, who went over to the

Governour in Mr. Wainwright's Coach.

 

1 This was Cotton Mather's sermon,. "Just Commemorations; the Death

of Good Men considered, with the Character of some." 1715. -- EDS.

2 "The Government and Improvement of Mirth. In Three Sermons from

James v. 13. More especially designed for the Use, and recommended to

the serious Perusal of Young Persons, and in particular the Young Gentle.

men of Boston." Boston, 1707. -- EDS.


58 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1715.

 

7r. 23. Flag warn'd a Council, at which Mr. Woodward

produe'd his Comission,l and a Letter from Govr Burgess

earnestly Recomending him. The Letter was directed to

the President and Council. The Council adjourn'd to

4. p. m. and sent Mr. Belchar and Mr. Davenport to pray

the Governour's presence and Advice. In the afternoon,

the Lt. Govr. apeard return'd from Worcester: seem'd Con-

cern'd that the Govr not there.

7r. 24. Lt. Govr and Secretary go to Roxbury in Mr.

Hutchinson's Charret: The Govr comes to Town before

them. Flagg warns; Govr sits by the side of the Table

facing to the South; Lt. Govr [Tailer] in one of the South

windows. The Comissions were produc'd and Read, Oaths

given. Then the Lt Govr stood up and with deference

enquired whether his Comission did not supersede the

Govr. The Govr answered No. Lt Govr said he reckon'd

himself oblig'd to propound it, Should rest in the Council's

Opinion. Some Debate was had. Col. Hutchinson pro-

pounded there might be a fuller Council. Others said

'twas requisite it should be imediatly determin'd. Capt.

Belchar answered in the Negative. Mr. Clark seem'd to

hesitat. I express'd my self that I was of Col. Hutchin-

son's mind, but if my answer was now expected, I said

that, seeing the Lt. Govrs Comission directed him to Gov-

ern by the Comission and Instructions of Govr Burgess,

in case of his death or absence, I was of Opinion the

Lt Govrs Comission did not impower him to be Comander

in Chief of this Province: Because neither the Comission

nor Instructions, Nor any Authentick Copy of them, refer'd

to in it, were arrived. Lt Govr did not like the vote

should be so put. 'Twas propounded to put it, whether

the Governour did not abide.

The Govr call'd for the Proclamation, which was read.

 

1 Samuel Woodward was sworn in as secretary, Sept. 24, 1715, and re-

signed in 1717, when Josiah Willard succeeded. Joseph Marion was sworn

as deputy secretary, May 10, 1716. -- EDS.


1715.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 59

 

Lt. Govr said, Now other provision was made, he had a

Comission from King George. Mr. Cooke said, making

other provision refer'd to the Charter. Others said, The

clause refer'd to what was pass'd, not to what was to come

hereafter. At length the Govr dictated to the Clerk to

this purpose, Whether the Government was devolved on

the Lieut. Govr., the Comission of Govr Burgess, nor any

copy of it, by which was to govern, not being arrived.

It was Nemine contradicente, carried in the Negative.

Winthrop, Cooke, Elisha Hutchinson, Sewall, Joseph

Lynde, Eliakim Hutchinson, Belchar, Bromfield, Clark,

Davenport, Thomas Hutchinson, All Noes.

Before night I acquainted Mr. Pemberton with this

Transaction, that he might know how to pray. He had

not heard it before. Mr. Colman was with him. We

came away together.

7r. 25. m. I acquainted my Son, and of Mr. Bridges

extream Sickness. Mr. Pemberton prays that the Govr

whose power was continued. After the Exercises, my

Son comes in to Mr. Bridges, when Mr. Williams was gon.

Mr. Maryon, Mr. Bridges Son-in-Law, desired my Son to

Hutchin. pray, which he did very well.

7r. 26. Between 11 and 12. Mr. Bridge Expires; with

him much primitive Christianity is gone;1 The old Church,

the Town, the Province have a great Loss. He was par-

ticularly dear to me. His Prayers and Sermons were

many times Excellent; not always alike. It may be this

Lethargick Malady might though unseen, be the cause of

some Unevenness. The Lord help us duly to lay the

death of this worthy person to heart! We may justly

whether fear he is taken away from Evil to Come. Isa. 57.

 

1 Rev. Thomas Bridge, born at Hackney in 1657, preached in the West

Indies and New Jersey, coming to Boston about 1705. He was ordained at

the First Church in that year, and died as above, aged fifty-eight. Eliot

mentions four printed sermons by him. Rev. Benjamin Colman published

was sworn a funeral sermon on him. -- EDS.


60 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1715.

 

Midweek, 7r. 28. Went to Cambridge to meet the

Natick Comittee, Waban and others.1 Major Fitch, Mr.

Oliver and I dine with the President. I would have

dined publickly [at the ordinary]; but the president

declin'd it. I went in a Calash, came home by Moon-

shine. Accomplish the Bargain for Magunkaquog [Hop-

kinton] Land, and paid Fourteen pounds in part. Laus

Deo.

7r. 29. Mr. Colman preaches the Lecture. PS. 16. 8.

Text, Num. 33. 38. preached an excellent Funeral Sermon

for Mr. Bridge, who was buried after Lecture. Bearers,

Dr. Increase Mather, Dr. Cotton Mather; Mr. Walter,

Mr. Colman; Mr. J. Sewall, Mr. Jno Webb. Mr. Wads-

worth led the widow, and Mr. Pemberton was very sick of

the Piles.

After the Relations went Lt. Govr, Winthrop; Cooke,

Hutchinson; Sewall, Thomas. The Governour was not

at Lecture, nor any of his family, nor at the Funeral, that

I saw. Cool Convenient day.

Monday, 8r. 3. Govr calls a Council at 3 p. m. De-

livers the Books of Record and Files into the hands of the

New Secretary, and gives him the Keys of the Secretary's

Office.

Third-day, 8r. 4th. I Lent Major John Quincey Five

pounds; and give him a Psalm-book cover'd with Turky-

Leather for his Mistress.

This day, 8r. 4. Chadder arrives, 28 days from Tor-

Bay; brings Certain News of the French King's Death,2

and that the Duke of Orleans is Regent. Sir Wm Ash-

 

1 The Indian town of Natick, which, under the most devoted and patient

efforts of Eliot and Gookin, had been the most promising and orderly of eight

similar settlements, never really recovered the prosperity which it had en-

joyed previous to Philip's War, and the calamitous removal of its inhabitants

to Deer Island. But Sewall continued to plan and labor for the benefit of

its Wretched people. -- EDS.

2 Louis XIV. died Sept. 1 (N. S.), 1715. -- EDS.


1715.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 61

 

hurst of Augt. 3, says, the Kingdom is in perfect peace;

all the Tumults Quell'd.1

8r. 5th. I give Col. Winthrop 40s as a Gratuity for his

influence in getting in Mr. Nelson's Debt, 2 Angels 4

Crowns. Din'd at Mr. Hirst's. Daughter Hirst, Madam

Colman, Mm. Sewall, Mrs. Betty Hirst, Mrs. Lydia Walley,

Mr. Colman, Jos. Sewall, Mr. Cooper, Sam and I; Mr.

Hirst sat at Table.

Fifth-day, Octobr. 6th. Mr. Joseph Sewall preach'd the

Lecture from 2 Pet. 3. 14. -- Seeing ye look for such

Things. After Lecture the Govr call'd a Council wherein

Mr. John Denison had the Qaths given him as Sheriff of

Essex. And license was given to -- Hill, -- Adams

and others to build a Meetinghouse with Timber, and cover

it with Shingles on Church-Green.2

8r. 7th. Din'd with the Court at Homes's. Visited

 

1 This refers to certain local disturbances growing out of party zeal. In

some places, Dissenters' meeting-houses were attacked. The disorders were

deemed serious enough to call for the revival of the old Riot Act, which was

now made perpetual, with increased powers conferred on the Government.

In about a month after Ashurst's report of "perfect peace," the Jacobite

rebellion broke out in Scotland. -- EDS.

2 Snow (p. 213) copies the petition to erect the meeting-house on Church

Green, "by the situation and name thereof, intended no doubt by our fore-

fathers for that purpose." It was somewhat remarkable, however, that the

"forefathers" should have so designated a site in Boston. Among the

signers are Samuel Adams, father of the revolutionary patriot, and Henry

Hill, doubtless the persons named in the text. The house was dedicated

Jan. 8, 1717, and Rev. Samuel Checkley was ordained April 15, 1719. Mr.

Samuel Glover had previously offered a donation towards the building of a

meeting-house, made necessary by the overcrowding of the four edifices in

the town, besides King's Chapel. Messrs. Adams and Hill were among the

forty-four signers to the petition for the land. The house was to be sixty-

five feet long and forty-five broad. We notice in the demand for it the

movement of the population to what was then called the South End. The

edifice being known as the "New South," that which Sewall calls the South

Church began to be called by the now familiar title of the "Old South."

The beautiful stone structure, which in 1814 succeeded to the first edifice of

wood in Summer Street, yielded to the demands of business and is now

represented by a structure of brick a mile further to the "South End." --

EDS.


62 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1715.

 

utrumque Doctorem [the Mathers]; shewed them Sir

William's Letter. Visited Madam Usher, sick of a sore

Throat.

8r. 11th. Went with Mr. Daniel Oliver to Natick; from

the Falls in Company with the President and Tho. Oliver

esqr. and Mr. John Cotton. At Natick the Indians of the

Comittee executed the Parchment Deed for the Land at

Magunkaquog: and paid the Proprietors Three pounds

apiece. 'Twas so late, that when the Gentlemen return'd,

I went to Sherbourn, lodg'd at Cousin Baker's.

8r. 12. Solomon Thomas acquaints me that Isaac Nehe-

miah [a Natick Indian], one of the Comittee, had hang'd

himself. Ask'd what they should doe. I sent him to the

Crowner. A while after I went to Cous. Gookin's in order

to go home. When there, Solomon came to me again,

and earnestly desired me to go and help them. Mr. Whit-

ney join'd to solicit for him, by reason of the distance from

Cambridge. So I went, Mr. Baker accompanied me. The

Jury found Isaac Nehemiah to be Felo de se. Hang'd

himself with his Girdle, 3 foot and 4 inches long buckle

and all. 'Twas night before had done, so went to Sher-

bourn again, and lodg'd at Cousin Gookin's.

8r. 13. Went home, Cousin Richard Gookin accompa-

nying me.

Third-day, 8r. 18. The Govr prorogues the Genl Court

to the 23d Novr. I and Mr. Clark voted against it. Govr

pretended Deference to Govr Burgess in doing it, in ex-

pectance of his Arrival; but in the Proclamation, never

read to the Council, he said nothing of it, which was gra-

vaminous to some. Went to the Funeral of Mr. White's

Sister Pain, 8 of the Council there. Now about Dr. Mather

shews me a Copy of Govr Dudley's Signing a Petition for

a Bishop as the only means to promote Religion here.1

 

1 We must refer to the intended publication of Judge Sewall's Letter-

Book for information on this and many other matters mentioned in his

Journal. -- EDS.


1715.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 63

 

These papers fell into Mr. Stephen Mason's Hand by the

death of Sir Charles Hobby, and the said Mason sent Copies

of them to Dr. Cotton Mather; and his Father show'd

them me.

8r. 19. Went to Rumney Marsh in Compa of Dr. C.

Mather, Mr. Stobo, Squire, Webb, Dr. Oakes, &c. Mr.

Brown of Reading pray'd, Mr. Tho. Chiever preach'd.

Neither he that planteth. 1 Cor. 3. 7. Dr. C. Mather

gave 7. a Covenant which they made. They chose Mr.

Chiever their Pastor. Dr. Mr. gave him the Charge, he,

Mr. Shepard of Lin, Mr. Brown of Reading, laying on

Hands, with Mr. Webb, and praying. Mr. Shepard gave

the right Hand of Fellowship. Sung the 3 last Staves of

the 132d Psalm, which Deacon Marion read and set the

Tune. Mr. Chiever gave the Blessing. I, Mr. Oakes,

Mr. Stobo, my Son Sam, Mr. Wyllys the elder, Mr. Webb's

Unkle, and one more, sat in my Pue; 'tis a good one,

which never sat in before. After Refreshm't several of

us came to Winnisimet for fear of falling a-ground. One

met me 1 1/4 mile and would needs have me ride, which I

needed being Weary. Got well home between 7 and 8.

Laus Deo.

In the Ferry-boat Mr. Parsons mentioned the perishing

of all mankind entirely, whereas some of the Angels fell;

not all, if God had not provided Salvation. Spake as if it

had been his Notion: I said Dr. Ames 1 mentioned it;

which he seemed backward to allow: said he had lost his

Books by Sea.

Octobr. 31. Second-day. I visit Mr. Cooke. Mr. Wads-

 

1 This is the famous Dr. William Ames, who was born in 1576, and died

in 1634. He fled from England to Holland in 1610, became a minister at the

Hague, was at the Synod of Dort, became a Professor at Franeker, and was a

learned writer. His library was brought, after his death, to New England.

Among his writings were Notes on the First and Second Epistles of Peter, to

which Sewall probably refers here. Dr. Ames's intention to remove to New

England was frustrated by his death, after which his family came here.

His son, of the same name, graduated at Harvard in 1645. -- EDS.


64 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1715.

 

worth prays with him. Mr. Flynt was there. About

Noon a great Breach is made in the Mill-Dam1 of 60 or 70

foot wide. About an hour after Sunset Mr. Cooke dyes.

The same night in the latter part of it Capt. Thomas

Oliver dyes. 'Tis awfull that two Councillours should dye

in one night.2

This day I fetch'd Mrs. Mary Mighill's Goods from

Mrs. Tomson's at Roxbury. Met the Govr in the New

Lane as I came home. Visited Mrs. Mary Mighill last

Satterday, and pray'd with her. She declar'd before Mrs.

Nash, that her Estate should be equally divided between

her Brother and Sister.

Novr. 1. Superr Court at Boston; Mr. Corwin not here.

Mr. Sewall prays at opening it.

9r. 3d. Govr dines with the Court.

Novr. 5. Adjourn to Friday next. About an-hour. be-

fore Sunset Mrs. Mary Mighill dies.

Novr 6. The day for reading the Order for the Thanks-

giving according to the usual custom; Mr. Pemberton

told the Congregation, There was an order to keep the

17th. as a Thanksgiving; should read it the next Lords-day.

Novr. 7th. Goe to Salem, in Mr. Austin's Calash to Mis-

tick, from thence with Col. Thomas in his; had a very

comfortable Journey. Could not enter into Lewis's be-

cause of the Train. Soldiers filling the House. Henry

 

1 Between the present Dock Square and Haymarket Square. -- EDS.

2 Of Elisha Cooke, who died aged seventy-eight years, Hutchinson writes

(Hist., II. 211). "He was esteemed as a physician, but most remarkable in

his political character, having been more than forty years together employed

in places of public trust, always firm and steady to his principles." He was

zealous for the old charter, and a friend always to the side of the people.

His son, Elisha, was in the council for several years.

The other councillor, who died on the same day, at Newton, was Thomas

Oliver. He was the youngest son of John Oliver, of Boston, and was born

Feb. 10, 1645-46. He was grand-uncle of Lieutenant-Governor Andrew

Oliver. He was twice married, and had many children, but the sons seem

to have died without issue. Paige says (History of Cambridge, p. 618) that

he was a deacon of the church at Newton. -- EDS.


1715.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 65

 

Sewall waited on me. Mr. Noyes came to see me. I ran

out to meet him; being joy'd at his Recovery.

Novr. 7th. Call'd on Mrs. Nash as I went to Charlestown.

Ask'd her if things stood now as when Mrs. Mary declar'd

her Will, whether any Alteration were made. She said,

No; only Mrs. Mary would have her well Rewarded for

what she had done for her.1

9r 8th Mr. Noyes prays at opening the Court, et sic

deinceps.

9r. 9th. Mr. Corwin makes a very good Discourse at

the Lecture. Dines with us, and Mr. Rogers, &c. Govr

Saltonstall, Mr. Cotton, Rowland and Theoph. Govr

Saltonstall sued for his Father's estate as eldest Son and

therefore sole Heir. I said 'twas contrary to our Law,2 the

Law of Nature and the Law of GOD. It went against

the Govr in all the three Causes. Heard the Rumors of

the Arrival of Col. Byfield, and Exemplification of Govr

Burgess's Comission.

Novr. 10. Adjourn'd sine die. Visited Major Brown in

the even. When went home, Bror shew'd me a Register

sign'd by Lieut. Govr Tailer as Comander in Chief.

Novr. 11. Col. Thomas carrys Judith, I ride to Wini-

1 We do not find any will of Miss Mary Mighill. By suffolk Wills, it

seems that administration was granted, Dec. 15. 1715, on estate of Mary

Mighill, spinster, to David Hitchcock, of Enfield, Co. Hampshire, whose

late wife, Elizabeth, was her sister. -- EDS.

2 "Our law," so far as we had power to enforce it, and that of Connecti-

cut, as regarded inheritance, differed from the law of England in reference

to the rights of the eldest son. A serious issue was opened in the latter

Colony. On the death of John Winthrop, the only son of Wait Still Win-

throp, a difficulty arose between his son, John Still Winthrop, and his sister,

Ann, the wife of Thomas Lechmere, Esq., as to the son's claim to inherit

the entire real estate without division; Mr. Lechmere sued for an equal

division of the whole property between his wife and her brother. The Con-

necticut court gave judgment for Mr. Lechmere; but the brother, by appeal

to the King in Council, obtained a decision in his favor, "declaring him the

sole heir of all the landed estate of his father and uncle." A compromise

was effected in Connecticut, notwithstanding this decision. See Trumbull's

Connecticut, II. 54-57. -- EDS.

VOL. III.


66 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1715.

 

simet with Mr. Dudley. Have a very Comfortable Journey.

Laus Deo.

After Diner open our Court, Novr. 12. ditto. Adjourn

to Novr. 23.

Novr. 13. Mr. Pemberton preaches at the old Church

p. m. Mr. Sewall reads the Order for the Thanksgiving,

Begins and ends with the Date. Baptiseth Mary Stoddard,

in Mr. Pemberton's Turn.

Novr. 14. 2d Day. A Council is call'd, And Mr. Thomas

Hutchinson, Mr. Thomas Fitch and I have the Oaths ad-

ministered to us! The Lord help us to be Faithfull. In

the evening had a Meeting of the Owners of the Salt Works

at the Sun-Tavern. Col. Byfield inveighs against our

Agent Dumer for betraying him after Dumer had given

him his Word and Hand that he had done with Dudley.

Novr. 15. Elisha Hutchinson esqr, Eliakim Hutchinson

esqr, Andrew Belchar esqr. and S. S. visit Govr. I drank

to him presenting my humble Service. Mr. Armstrong and

another came in; express'd their sorrow for the Change;

Govr said must acquiesce in what the King did, or to that

effect; seeming to correct Armstrong's Speech. But I

observ'd when they went away, Govr Dudley said with a

good Grace, I Thank your Visit! Came home just at

night.

Novr 16. I visit Mr. Stobo, Dr. C. Mather, Dr. Incr.

Mather, and present each of them with an Angel regarding

the Thanksgiving, which they Accept very Courteously.

Novr. 17. Very pleasant Wether upon the Thanks-

giving day. Govr Saltonstall with us. Majr Genl Win-

throp not abroad.

Novr. 18. Pleasant Wether. Col. Byfield goes horne-

ward.

1 The Council Record says that Samuel Sewall, Thomas Hutchinson, and

Thomas Fitch on that day took the oaths appointed by Act of Parliament,

&c. Sewall wrote "Foster," and then, without erasing it, wrote "Hutchin-

son " over it. -- EDS.


1715.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 67

 

Novr. 19. All things are cover'd with Snow. The day

is stormy with Wind, Snow, Hail, Rain. Gave my Ham-

shire Neighbours Crown a piece; as Mr. Pemberton

yesterday 20s. to buy each of his children a Book.

Novr. 20. Mr. Pemberton administers the Lord's Super.

Govr Saltonstall with us. p. m. Mr. Sewall baptiseth

Hanah Man, and an Ethiopian Woman.

Novr. 21. I read to Mrs. Melyen, visit Govr Saltonstall;

He was not at home; I left for him Comemorations, with

Sermons on Mr. Addington, and Mr. Earl bound up

together.

Novr. 23. Lt Govr makes a Cold Treat to the Council-

lours and Comission Officers. Was not a House in the

Fore-noon. Mr. Speaker and many Deputies visited the

Lt Govr a. m. A little after 3. Lt Govr proceeded to

the Town House. I went on his right Hand, Col. Lynde

on his Left; Capt. Dyer and two of his Officers went

before him; before them, Mr. Winchcomb bare-headed,

Two Trumpets, 4. Serjeants in red Cloaths with Horl-

berts [Halberts]. Major Genl, Col. Hutchinson, Capt.

Hutchinson met the Lt Govr at the Town-House. By

a Cushing, Norden, Davenport, Lt G. sent Message to the

Deputies; The Lieut. Govr is in the Chair, and expects your

Attendance. Seem'd to be out of Breath in Reading his

Speech. Higginson, Cushing, Norden, Brown, Appleton,

B. Lynde Sworn. Mr. Geoffrie's daughter buried.1

Novr. 24. Dr. C. Mather Preaches from Rev. 3. 16.

Because thou art Lukewarm. Lieut. Govr Usher, Win-

throp, Elisha Hutchinson, J. Lynde, Belchar in the Fore-

Seat. Col. Pain Sworn.

Mr. Cooke and others come in with a Message that

 

1 This was Frances, daughter of David Jeffries and wife, Elizabeth

(Usher). She was nineteen years old.

2 The father was from Rhoad, in Wiltshire, and became the founder of a

distinguished family still represented here. (See N. E. H. G. Register,

XV. 14-16.) -- EDS.


68 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1715.

 

desired to fill up the vacancies in the Council to morrow

p. m. Afterwards Epes and Parsons bring in the desire

of the Deputies to have it defer'd till Tuesday, p. m.

25. Letter to Govr Burgess. Dr. C. Mather Prays.

26, ditto. Lt Govr present, mentions his Grandfather and

Unkle Stoughton,1 prays that Lt Govr may do like them.

Capt. Foy buried in the South B. place; Bearers, Win-

throp, Sewall; Bromfield, Stoddard; Checkly, Campbell.

Lt Govr and Secretary there.

Novr. 28. Last night and to day, a very great Snow

falls. By this means the Deputies made not a House.

Novr. 29. Are so thin, that they desire the Election

may be on Thursday after Noon. I dine at Mr. Hirst's.

Madame Jno Brown buried at Salem.

Novr. 30. The Rev'd Mr. Joseph Green is buried at

Salem Village, 40 years old, much Lamented.2 From the

first day he preached there, to his last Sermon, just

Eighteen years run out. Died Satterday Novr. 26. His

widow is left with Seven Children, and big of the

Eighth.

Decr. 1. Fifth-day. Mr. Wadsworth preaches from PS.

7. 12. Speaks against Health-drinking, Illuminations,

Bonfires &c. Dr. Mather, Col Pain, Quinsey, dine with

us. Election. Voted twice, and brought it to Nothing:

Voters, 76. Major Bond who was highest had 32. Depu-

ties voted to chuse only one in the room of him Negativ'd:

 

1 See note on the Tailers and Stoughtons in vol. i. p. 163. -- EDS.

2 He was the eleventh child of John and Ruth (Mitchelson) Green, who

was the oldest son of Percival and Ellen Green, of Cambridge. Joseph was

born Nov. 24, 1675; H. C.1695; married Elizabeth Gerrish; and was ordained

at Salem Village, now Danvers, Nov. 10, 1698. Rev. John Barnard classes

him among the "men of learning; pious, humble, prudent, faithful and use-

ful men in their day." His last child was Ruth, born April 23, 1716. One

son, Joseph, Jr., was father of Joshua Green, of Boston, whose grandson

was Dr. Joshua Green, or Groton, father of Dr. Samuel Abbott Green, now

City Physician of Boston. (See account of Percival and Ellen Green,

Groton, 1876.) -- EDS.


171 5/6.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 69

 

Council came not into it. I said, All or none. Adjourn'd

till the morn. Mr. Wadsworth prays.

Decr. 2. Voters 79. Townsend chosen by 41. votes.

4th Stroke, Voters 75. Thomas Noyes esqr. chosen by

53 Votes.

Province of Main, voters 71.

Adam Winthrop esqr. chosen by 52.

At Large, Voters, 69.

Nathanl Byfield esqr. chosen by 60.

Decr. 3. Deputies send up the Election by a Message

of Three, which the Lieut Govr Aproves in Writing. Lt

Govr sends to the House for Mr. Winthrop, who is sent

up by two Deputies. Col. Townsend is sent for, and they

both take the Oaths, and their places at the Board.

Tuesday Xr. 6. Col. Byfield comes to Town. p. m. is

sent for and Sworn.

Xr. 13. Now about Col. Noyes comes to Town and is

Sworn. About the 9th was the Apointment of Officers.

Xr. 21. Now about the Govr disallows the Votes for

giving our Agent, Mr. Dummer, 200. And for Continu-

ing him Agent. I voted to the first but express'd my

Doubtfullness as to the latter, when I heard what was

pleaded by Col. Byfield as to his Unacceptableness to Govr

Burgess, and the Ministers. I also Consider'd his giving

up in print the place of the Attorney General as Reserv'd

in the Charter to the King -- and writ hardly to any of the

Council: but very largely to the Speaker, and to Mr.

White. Govr prorogues the Court to the 22d of February.

Decr. 23. Now about Mr. Experience Mayhew goes

home. At the 2d Nomination of Officers, I went to the

Lieut-Govr to solicit him that Mr. Paul Dudley might be

Nominated, but he declin'd it. He spake of Mr. Anth.

Stoddard, Hutchinson, &c.

7th day Decr. 31. Mr Moodey of York goes home,

came in last night at 10. Is to preach at Haverhill to

morrow. My wife gave him Capt. Foy's Scarf.


70 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1715/6.

 

Jany 1. News of Mr. Jonathan Belcher and his Sister

Noyes, their Arrival.

Jany 2. Capt. Holberton dy'd at Sea.

Jany. 3. Din'd with the Court, at Pattin's.

Jany. 4. Mr. Jno Menzeis, Judge of the Admiralty,

with his Bror 1 the Register comes to Town, from, Rode-

Island. Meeting at Mrs. Dafforn's at night. Read Mr.

Caryl's Sermon preach'd at Paul's Xr: 14. 1645.

Jany. 5. Mr. Menzies 2 exhibits his Comission before the

Lt Govr and Council, and takes the Oaths. Mr. Pember-

ton not having been at Lecture, I visit him: He is very

warm about the Agent, say'd the Lt Govr is an Usurper;

not fit for the Chair. I said to whom does the Chair be-

long; To Govr Dudley, reply'd Madam Pemberton. Mme.

P -- said the Agent, they dealt Barbarously with him.

The people made light of the errand of God's people

hither; indifferent.

Jany. 6. Lt. Governour delivers the Chief Justice, Mr.

Davenport and me our Comissions as Judges of the Su-

periour Court: Gave the Oaths: 3 The Lord help us, me

especially, to keep them better than ever.

 

1 This brother of John Menzies does not seem to be noticed by our

writers; see under date of March 30, 1715-16.-- EDS.

2 The following extract from the Council Records, of Sept. 19, 1717,

shows where Mr. Menzies resided. "License to Jobn Menzies to build a

barn 40 by 18 feet on his pasture in Summer Street, in Boston, 80 feet from

his house, which house is 100 feet from any house on one band, and 200 feet

on the other, and is bounded to the street by a little garden, and to the south-

ward by his pasture." -- EDS.

3 Washburn (Judicial Hist., p. 138) writes: "The tenure of the office of

Judge was not fixed by the charter, but it practically became durante bene

placito, and upon the death, resignation, or removal of a governor or of the

king, it seems to have been thought necessary to continue the former officers

in commission by proclamation until new appointments could be made."

Hutchinson (Hist., 1st ed. vol. ii. p. 375, note) writes, under date of

1730, in reference to renewals and changes by Governor Belcher: "The

commissions to civil officers being in the king's name and tested by the

governor, the renewal of such commissions upon the appointment of a gov-

ernor has not been practised since Mr. Belcher's time. It was proposed in


171 5/6]. DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 71

 

Mr. Pemberton goes to Roxbury in the Governour's

Coach, though the day be very Cold.

Friday, Jany. 13. I go to Charlestown Lecture. Bror

Hirst went over in the same Boat. Mr. Bradstreet

preached Excellently from Lam. 3. 25. Madam Brad-

street was at Meeting. I din'd with Mr. Bradstreet and

her: only us three at Table. They treated me with great

Curtesy. Mr. D. Oliver went over with me. I saw Dr.

Noyes there. Am apt to think the Snowy morning hin-

dred many.

Lord's Day, Jany 15. An Extraordinary Cold Storm

of Wind and Snow. Blows much worse as coming home

at Noon, and so holds on. Bread was frozen at the Lord's

Table: Mr. Pemberton administered. Came not out to

the afternoon Exercise. Though twas so Cold, yet John

Tuckerman was baptised. At six a-clock my ink freezes

so that I can hardly write by a good fire in my Wive's

Chamber.1 Yet was very Comfortable at Meeting. Laus

Deo.

Second day, Jany. 16. About Noon my Wife is taken

Extream ill, Overcome I supose with the Cold. Vomits,

shakes; so that I fear'd a Fever. She was aprehensive

of Death; had a very bad night. This was very distress-

ing to me.

17. p. m. Joseph prays with her Excellently. Has

a much better night. Though the Emetick Physick was

very tedious in the Operation; yet I hope it had a good

Effect. Laus Deo. Had both Mr. Oakes and Cutler with

 

council by his successor, but Mr. Read, a very eminent lawyer, and, which

is more, a person of great integrity and firmness of mind, being then a

member of the council, brought such arguments against the practice that

the majority of the board refused to consent to it." "The freedom and

independence of the judges of England is always enumerated among the

excellencies of the constitution. The Massachusetts judges are far from

independent." -- EDS.

1 The Judge's manuscript here gives evidence of the fidelity of the record

to the fact he mentions. -- EDS.


72 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1715/6.

 

her. David Sinclar's Wife Nurses her, Watches [Watchers],

Lydia Avery, Mrs. -- Kay.

19th. Mr. Pemberton Preaches the Lecture from Philip.

4. I know how to abound. 62 Ps sung from the 8th to

the end, 2 1/2 staves. Very good Discourse. Very com-

fortable day.

20. Capt. Belchar informs the Council against AEneas

Salter of bad words he should speak.

21. Sewall, Townsend, Clark, bind him to his good

Behaviour. Daniel Ellen buried; Bearers, Sewall, Bel-

char; Davenport, Cutler; Ellis, Gibbon. Scarfs and

Gloves. 71. years old.

Jany. 26. Vehement N. E. Storm of Snow; but about

16. Women at Lecture, it may be 200. men. Mr. Colman

preaches from 1 Chron. 29. 15. Our days on earth are as

a Shadow. In the Gallery were Sewall, Winthrop, Quin-

sey, Fitch, 4 of the Council. Below were Townsend,

Davenport. Only Dr. C. Mather in the Pulpit.

3l. Rode with the Chief Justice in a Slay, got over

Comfortably to Court.

Febr. 1. Lt Govr, Mr. Secretary, Mr. Comissary, and

Dr. Clark, dine with us.

Febr. 2. Vehement Storm at S. E., first Snow, then

Rain. Thomas, Lynde, and Davenport got over; Chief

Justice and I came too late; the River was so fill'd with

Ice, Judges were fain to lodge there all night.

Febr. 2. Mr. Shortt in his Return from Attleborough,

lodges here. He preach'd last Lord's Day at Dedham.

Febr. 4. Visit Mr. Pemberton pain'd with an Ague in

his Face.

Febr. 8. Writ a Letter to Mr. John Leverett, Presi-

dent, to acquaint him that Mr. Windsor is soliciting from

time to time, that the charge of Mrs. Leverett's Funeral

might be discharg'd.l Sickness and Burial at Roxbury

 

1 This refers of course to the widow of Hudson Leverett. The account

(Suff. Wills, lib. 19, f. 100) amounts to 13 6s. 6d., including items paid


171 5/6.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 73

 

about 10 or 12: probably if it had been at Boston,

twould have risen to a greater Sum. Alleges that you,

Mr. Cooke and Mr. Addington encourag'd him to under-

take the trouble of it. Mr. Davenport offers to be his

Quota towards this Disburse. For ought I know, twould

be most Convenient for the Relations to do it; all know it

must be done! Sloop run away with by a Whale out of

a good Harbour at the Cape. How surprisingly Uncer-

tain our Enjoyments in this World are! May not Mat.

6. 22. be translated, The Lamp of the Body is the Eye?

Pardon this Rapsody. Mr. Oliver and I think we have a

good Mortgage offer'd to Let out the Natick 400. should

be glad to speak with you.

Febr. 9. Mr. Webb preaches from Prov. 13.20. He

that walketh with the wise --

After Lecture Mr. Phillips buried his Daughter Mrs.

Mary Butler, from his own house; 1 Bearers, Major Fitch,

Judge Lyde [sic]; Mr. Jeffries, Col. Tho. Savage; Mr.

Jno Cutler junr, Mr. -- Pemberton. Lt. Govr had a

Scarf. Church Episcopal Ministers, I saw but two of our

own, viz. Mr. Wadsworth, Sewall. Great Funeral.

Febr. 13. Visited the Lt Govrs Lady, and her son Gil-

lam,2 gave the Nurse 5s. and little Shepard who had the

 

widow Tompson, Dr. Philip Tompson, and Benjamin Tompson. It is ren-

dered by Joshua Winsor, administrator. He was either the father-in-law or

brother-in-law of Thomas Leverett, son of Hudson, who married Rebecca

Winsor, daughter of Joshua Winsor, Dec. 11, 1701; -- EDS.

1 Peter Butler, third of the names, is said by Savage to have married

Ann, daughter of Samuel Phillips, bookseller, of Boston, by Hannah, daugh-

ter of Benjamin and Hannah (Savage) Gillam. Boston records say that

Peter Butler and Mary Phillips were married May 9, 1706. Phillips died

October, 1720, aged fifty-eight; of his children, Hannah married Habijah

Savage, Faith married Arthur Savage, and Butler's mother married, secondly,

Ephraim Savage. -- EDS.

2 The wife of Lieutenant-Governor Tailer was a near relative to Mrs.

Phillips, as the following will show. (See, also, N.E. H. G. Register, XIX.

254). Benjamin Gillam, Sen., had three sons; of these, Benjamin, Jr., was

the father of Mrs. Samuel Phillips; Zechariah Gillam, the second son, mar-

ried Phebe, daughter of Lieutenant William Phillips, and had a son Benjamin


74 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [171 5/6.

 

daughter in her arms, 5s. To Mrs. Plimly still confin'd by

her Hip-bone being out of joint.

Febr. 14. Walk with Col. Townsend, Mr. Bromfield,

Capt. Clark, and Constable Eady, to take account of Fam-

ilies and what orders they keep.

Febr.15. Visit daughter Hirst, tell her her Mother has

enter'd the 59th. year of her Age; gave each of the chil-

dren 2s each and to my daughter an Angel, her Salary as

Treasurer. Went thence to the Burying of David Sin-

clar's daughter; Mr. Wadsworth and I went together. To

the Meeting at Thornton's.

Febr. 16. Dr. C. Mather preaches Excellently from

James 2. 5. Poor of this world, rich in Faith. Doctrine,

Grace has a Lustre as well in the meanest, as greatest.

Daughter Hirst and her Children visit us in the Coach.

Gave Saml Sewall, de Josepho, an English Half-Crown.

Febr. 23. 1715/16. The honble William Brown esqr. died

in his house at Salem.1

Febr. 28. (my Wedding-day 40. years ago). I go to

Salem invited to be a Bearer. Bearers were, William

Tailer esqr. Lt. Govr, John Hathorn esqr; Saml Sewall,

John Appleton; John Higginson esqr., Andrew Belchar.

Was laid in a Tomb just about Sunset, at the Burying

Point. Col. Lynde, Mr. Davenport, Major Fitch, Col.

Winthrop, had Scars and Rings; Mr. Speaker Burril

had a Scarf. A great many Men were at the Funeral,

but few Women; twas very cold. After the Funeral I

went and wish'd Capt. Price and his Bride Joy. Eat

Bride-Cake.

(3d). The last named married Abigail --, and had Abigail, born Feb.

22, 1684, who married, first, Thomas Dudley, and, secondly, Lieutenant-Gov-

ernor William Tailer as his secoud wife. -- EDS.

1 This William Browne was son of William Browne, of Salem, a rep-

resentative and assistant. The son was one of Andros's Council and of

the Council of Safety. He married Hannah Curwin, and had four children.

See Heraldic Journal, II. 24, 95, for an account of the descendants. Also,

N. E. H. G. Register, XXX. 352. -- EDS.


1716.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 75

 

Febr. 29. In the morn visited Madam Kitchen. Went

by Winisimet, came home by Charlestown. Go home in

Compa with the Lt Govr Mr. Belcher, Mr. Davenport,

Major Fitch, Col. Winthrop, Judge Palmer, Lyde, Mr.

Sheriff Pain, Mr. Campbell, Mr. Barber, Mr. Tho. Smith.

Din'd at Lewis's upon an excellent Turkey; Got home

so as to go seasonably to our Meeting at Mr. Franklin's;

though the way was very bad. Laus Deo.

Capt. Saml Ruggles was buried with Arms the same

Third day of the Week, at Roxbury. Was not full 58

years old.1 Has left 9. Children, Four Sons and Five

daughters. Daughters all married, the Eldest but about

a Week before her Father's death. He was before me

with his Sisters, Morris and Bayly, Widows, with their

Inventories: and now, March the first, these Sisters are

here with deacon Mayo to prove their Brother's Nuncupa-

tive Will. He is much Lamented at Roxbury.

March 24. I set out for Situate with Judge Lynde,

dine at Capt. Mill's, bait at little Hingham. Lodge at

Mr. Jenkyns's by the Sea-side in Situate.

March, 25. 1716. Hear Mr. Pitcher, who dwells on

the Land where Mr. Chauncy dwelt. Sup'd. at his house.

He is much Recovered of a dangerous Sickness. Gave

him a Psalm-book, one of Dr. Cotton Mather's Sermons,

with a Crown for contribution. Psalm-book cover'd with

Turky-Leather.

Saw the Grave where 24. Men were buried together;

and 4. more laid to them of the Packet.

March, 26. Mr. Turner and the Sheriff's Deputy,

Briant, conducted us by the way of the new Ferry settled

at the Mouth of the North-River, Bait at the Ferry-house

on Marshfield side. From thence to Cook's. After Diner

 

1 He was son of Samuel Ruggles, by his second wife, Ann Bright. His

sister Elizabeth married James Bailey. The sister Morris was perhaps

named Anne. -- EDS.


 

76 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1716.

 

I rode with Mr. Justice Thomas in his Calash to Town

[Plymouth]. Gave the Sheriff and his Attendants a Duz.

of Dr. Incr. Mather's Sermons concerning Christ the Great

Saviour.1

March, 27. Court held by 4. Justices.

March, 31. Great Storm of Snow on the Ground, and

falling: and Jury not agreed; yet about Noon got away,

the Weather clearing.

Note. The Jury bringing in for Mr. Hugh Adams

against Haws, in the Action of Defamation. I said to

Adams: Seeing you have Justice done you, hope it will

incline you to Govern your Tongue, and govern your Pen.

And if I were capable to advise you, I would counsel you

to pay a great Deference to the Council of Churches held at

Chatham.

To Mr. Joseph Otis brought in, Not guilty! I said, The

providence of God in clearing you, will I hope melt your

heart: for what you did, was notoriously Criminal.2

Din'd at Bairsto's; Mr. Davenport missing his way,

came in thither after us, though he set out an hour be-

fore us. Mr. Lynde and I went no further than Wey-

mouth. Lodg'd at Mr. Thacher's, where we were most

courteously entertain'd.

Apr. 1. Kept Sabbath there. In the After-noon, One

baptis'd, a Ninth daughter, and 3 taken into the Church;

Bate and his wife and Lt. Nash's daughter.

Apr. 2. Travel home-ward. As had heard of cousin

Baker's death at Weymouth, so we heard of Mr. Belknap's

at Braintry. Din'd at Cousin Quinsey's, whither we went

1 "Several Sermons Wherein is shewed, I. That Jesus Christ is a mighty

Saviour. II. That God Converts His Elect some at one Age, and some at

another, Commonly before Old Age. III. That when Godly Men dye,

Angels carry their souls to another and a better World. With a Preface in

which there is a brief and true Character of the Reverend Mr. Thomas

Bridge a lately deceased Pastor in one of the Churches in Boston." Boston,

1715. By Dr. Increase Mather. --EDS.

2 See vol. ii. p. 218.


1716.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 77

 

to Condole the Loss of's Sister. Found all well at home.

Laus Deo.

It seems on Friday, March, 30. Mr. Menzies the Attor-

ney, Travelling towards Boston 3 or 4 miles out of New-

port, died on Horse-back, as is suposed, and fell down.

April, 3. Went to the Funeral of my good Friend Mr.

Belknap.

April, 6. The Rain hinders my going to Mr. Stephen's

Lecture, as I intended. Capt. Arthur Savage arrives this

day; come from the Downs March, 8. He was upon the

Scaffold, and saw the Lords Derwenwater and Kenmure

beheaded.1 He and his wife came into the Meeting.

April, 7. Mr. Robinson the Lawyer dines with me.

April, 8. My Son Administers the Lords Super. Hear

of Clark's being put ashoar at Situate. Goods much

damnified.

Febr. 12. Mr. Pemberton preaches the Lecture. Sings

2 staves begining 38th Psalm. Text Ps. 73. 27. They

that are far from Thee shall perish. Dr. C. Mather goes

with the Ministers after Lecture.

Febr.13. Govr. Burgess's Letter of Febr. 27. To the

Council, in Answer to theirs of Novr. 25., is read. Pro-

mised to defend our Charter if attack'd while he is in Lon-

don. Hopes to be here before May be out; proposing to

Sail in April.2 Went to Major Fitch, where I was kindly

 

1 These lords, having been impeached of high treason and condemned

for their share in the late Jacobite rebellion, were, on the 24th of February,

1716, beheaded on Tower Hill, in London. The Earl of Derwentwater's

"princely domains " in Northumberland and Cumberland were forfeited and

settled upon Greenwich Hospital. See Lord Mahon's History of England,

vol. i., and Burton's History of Scotland, vol. viii. Sewall mentions, far-

ther on, the fate of some of the inferior persons who engaged in this re-

bellion. -- EDS.

2 We may avail ourselves of this opportunity to say that, though Burgess

never came here, he seems to have received diplomatic advancement. Oct.

21, 1727, Eliseus Burgess was made his Majesty's Resident at Venice.--

EDS.


78 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1716.

 

entertain'd. Sup'd with my daughter Hirst, who remains

very Weak and low.

April, 14. A great Ship arrives for Timber in whom

comes Mr. Smith.

April, 16. Is a Meeting of the Trustees, Overseers of

the College, Council. Mr. [Rev. Joseph] Stephens1 of

Charlestown being presented, is confirm'd Fellow of the

Corporation of Harvard College: And Mr. -- [Nicholas]

Sever Fellow of the House. These both succeed in the

room of Mr. Edward Holyoke. Upon my Enquiry what

the vacancy was, Mr. president said so: He only was

present besides the Council. I agreed to it if there were

a vacancy. For I supos'd Mr. Roby had of Course en-

tirely Suply'd the Room of Mr. Holyoke. Genl Court

is Dissolv'd. Trustees did little but adjourn to Thorsday

3 p. m. Went to my daughter Hirst, and stay'd with her

till Mr. Hirst came in from Salem, 9 a-clock. Waited

on Madam Usher to her Gate.

This day I first saw the Swallows; I think I had heard

some Chiper before. Much N. E. weather.

April, 17. I see plenty of them. Hannah visits her

Bror and Sister Sewall. This is the furthest Walk she has

taken since her Lameness.

I warn my eldest Son against going to Taverns.

April, 19. The Lt. Govr comes to my House in the

morn, and shows me the Accusation of Sir Alexander

Brand against Mr. Agent Dumer, as if he had made the

Knight drunk, and pick'd his pocket of 26. Guineas and

brought in two Lewd Women into the Cross-Keys &c.2 I

 

1 Mr. Joseph Stevens was a Fellow of the Corporation, first from 1712 to

1713, and afterwards from 1716 to 1721. Mr. Edward Holyoke was Tutor

from 1712 to 1716, and Fellow from 1713 to 1716, thus holding both places

simultaneously for three years. Mr. Nicholas Sever was Tutor from 1716

to 1728. Mr. Robie was Tutor from 1714 to 1723. The words, "Fellow of

the House," signify residence. -- EDS.

2 Probably the Cross-Keys Inn, near the Church of St. Giles, Cripplegate.

-- EDS.


1716.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 79

 

presently thought on the Soldiers set to guard our

Saviour's Tomb, their Tale; and said, If Sir Alexander

were drunk, how could he tell who pick'd his Pocket?

And as to the Women, I said, My Kinsman might be seen

going in, and vile Women might press in so close after

him, as to make a semblance of his introducing them.

Seemed to ask my advice Whether he ought not to acquaint

the Govr of Cont [Connecticut?] that they might discard

him from being their Agent. In the Letter Shewed, Mr.

Agent Driller is call'd this Fellow, Rascal. I went to Mr.

Pemberton to enquire into the matter, he refer'd me to

Mr. White; I went thither, who shew'd me Mr. William

Willard's Letter of March, 5th. much exploding the Story.

Prov'd Benja Barns's Will, went to Lecture. Mr. Colman

preaches Excellently of the strong and The Stronger.

Sung 2 first Staves of the 6th. Psalm G.

Mr. M. Short dines with us; says the widow Mary God-

frey was interr'd this week.1 She was the first person

born in Newbury, and is I suppose about 81. years old.

Lord's Day, Ap. 22. My Wife and daughter Hanah

goe to the Solemn Assembly after long Restraint. I put

up a Note for them. Hanah fell down, but had no great

hurt, blessed be God.

April, 23. Prov'd Mr. Joseph Belknap's Will.2

April, 24. Visited Mrs. Betty Cooke now, Benning,

upon her Marriage,3 last Thorsday. They sent us Gloves

and Bride-Cake.

 

1 Coffin says she was the widow of Peter Godfrey, and that her maiden

name was Mary Browne. She was perhaps the daughter of Thomas Browne,

an early settler, a weaver from Malford, in England. -- EDS.

2 Joseph Belknap's will is in the Suffolk Registry, vol. xix. fol. 138.

It mentions his now wife, Abigail, and his children. His house was "at

the head of Prison Lane, now called Queen Street," -- and he also had land

"on the north-west side of Beacon Hill," and in Roxbury, besides a corn-

mill and a fulling-mill. -- EDS.

3 John Binning and Elizabeth Cooke were married, April 19, 1716, by

Rev. Benjamin Wadsworth, according to Boston Town Records. -- EDS.


80 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1716.

 

April, 25. Mr. Holyoke is Ordain'd at Marble-head, a

Church being Gather'd there. Mr. Noyes ordain'd. Mr.

Shepard gave the Right Hand of Fellowship.

April, 26. My Son preaches: They that honor me [1

Sam. ii. 30] -- made a good Discourse. Sung 2 Staves

of the 2 part of the 112 Psal. Dr. Cotton Mather, Capt.

Phips, and Mr. Thacher din'd with us. After Dinner I

went with Mr. Thacher to my Sick daughter Hirst.

April, 27. Mr. Bromfield has Prayer at his house re-

specting his son Edward, troubled in mind; and Henry,

student of Harvard College, having a dangerous Swelling

on his back. Mr. Sewall began, Mr. Webb followed, Mr.

Wadsworth, Dr. Increase Mather, Mr. Cooper, Dr. Cotton

Mather. Sung part of the 116th ps., which Mr. Sewall

read at Dr. C. Mather's motion, and I set Litchfield Tune.

I desired Prayers for my daughter Hirst, which was done.

Laus Deo.

April, 28. My wife and I Acknowledged Deeds before

Mr. Bromfield; one to Thomas Jackson, one to Jno Jack-

son, and a third to William Lee.1

May, 1. Super. Court held at Boston by all the Five

Justices.

May, 2. Mr. Nathan Howell dyes at Oldham's near

Oliver's Spring.2

 

1 These deeds were for land on Hull Street. The lot sold to William

Lea, or Lee, is in Suffolk Deeds, vol. xxx. f. 157; the other in vol.

xxxii. f. 118. Mercy, wife of William Lee, shipwright, was a daughter

of John Jackson, housewright, and, with her sisters, Elizabeth and Abigail,

joined in a sale to their brothers, John and Thomas Jackson, recorded in

the same volume. -- EDS.

2 This reference calls to mind an affair in which Sewall was connected

probably with Cotton Mather. The facts are set forth in detail in Mass.

Hist. Soc. Collection, 4th ser. vol. ii. pp. 122-129. It seems that Samuel

Sewall, nephew of our diarist, named Katherine, the widow of this

Nathan Howell, late in December, 1716. She was the only child of John

George and Lydia (Lee) his wife, and thus was step-daughter of Rev. Cotton

Mather. (See vol. i. p. 148, note.)

Upon Mr. Howell's death, leaving two sons, Cotton Mather was ap-


1716.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 81

 

Note. at this Court, the Chief Justice being indispos'd

I was obliged to Condemn the Negro.

May, 7. Mr. Justice Thomas and I set out for Kittery

in his Calash, lodge at Salem.

May, 8. Call and refresh at Wenham. Dine at Stani-

ford's in Ipswich: go by the Ferry over Parker's. Lodge

at Cous. Woodbridge with Mr. Lynde.

May, 9. Bait at Winget's: Dine at Greenland at Jen-

kyns's. From thence as from Winget's with Lt. Col.

Smith. Very hot in going to Mr. Knight's at Bloody

Point. Ferry'd over pleasantly, and were met by the

Sheriff Layson, our Host, with his Wand at the Bank.

Mr. Justice Davenport was with him.

Got comfortably into our Lodging some time before

Sun-set.

May, 10. 2 Refreshing Showers. Dispatch'd the Court

this day: yet adjourn'd to morning as last year.

May, 11. Rainy morn. When abated, Ferry'd over

to Mr. Knight; set out from thence after Diner. Got over

Merrimack River by day-light.

May, 12. Go to Ram-Island with Bror Tapan, and

Capt. Greenlef. Dine at Bror Tapan's. Visit my Re-

lations.

May, 13. Lord's Super administered by Mr. Christo-

pher Tapan. Din'd with Col. Noyes. In the evening I

had an inkling that two Merchants came from Ipswich.l

pointed administrator. Mather seems to have neglected his trust, and prob-

ably got into personal difficulties with young Sewall, his new son-in-law.

Hence, on April 13, 1720, an anonymous letter was sent to Judge Sewall,

praying for some favor to be shown the administrator, and especially bitter

against Mrs. Katherine Sewall. Mr. Savage was entirely of the opinion that

Mather wrote the letter. At all events, it should be studied as showing an

episode of Sewall's life which he has not recorded in his diary. -- EDS.

1 A breach of the law for the Lord's Day, as follows: "That no traveller,

drover, horse-courser, waggoner, butcher, higler [pedler], or any of their

servants, shall travel on that day, or any part thereof, except by some ad-

versity they were belated and forced to lodge in the woods, wilderness or

highways the night before; and in such case to travel no further than the

VOL. III.


82 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1716.

 

I said, How shall I do to avoid Fining them? I examined

Richard Gerrish. As I understood him, they lodg'd at

Major Epes's on Satterday night, and went to the publick

Worship there; and when the Afternoon Exercise was

over, came to Newbury. They Travailed not in Service

Time: and had a Ship at Portsmouth ready to sail which

wanted their Dispatch. Alleg'd that Mr. Peter La Blond

was gone sick to Bed. I took his word to speak with me

in the morning. I consulted with Col. Thomas, who in-

clin'd to admonish them as young, and strangers, and let

them go.

Newbury, May, 14. 1716. By long and by late I spake

with Mr. Richard Gerrish junr, and Mr. Peter La Blond,1 by

whom I understand they were at Mr. Wigglesworth in

the morning, and at Ipswich Meeting in the Afternoon.

Being in a strait, I had pray'd to God to direct. I con-

sider'd Col. Thomas was not a Justice there; that this

Profanation of the Sabbath was very great; and the

Transgressors fleeting from Town to Town and County

to County could rarely be Censured. On the other hand

they were young, Mr. La Blond's Mother my Neighbour,

Mr. Gerrish had a smell of Relation: both of them of

another Province; and I fear'd lest my Cousin's Cus-

tom might be lessn'd by it, because I had the Information

from her Husband, whose wife, my Cousin, was a Gerrish,

and Cousin to this Richd Gerrish, only Child of Capt.

Richd Gerrish of the Bank.2 Mr. La Blond apear'd brisk

 

next inn or place of shelter, upon the penalty of twenty shillings." Province

Laws, vol. i. p. .58. A single justice had jurisdiction in his own county. --

EDS.

1 Perhaps the son of James Leblond, whose will of Oct. 17, 1700 (Suff.

Wills, lib. 18, f. 185), leaves his children to the care of his wife Anne. He

lived at the upper end of Prison Lane (Court Street). Administration on

estate of the widow was granted, Nov. 3, 1730, to son James. -- EDS.

2 What with the "smell of relationship" about one of the culprits, busi-

ness interests, and other considerations in the case, the scrupu1ous judge

seems to have been driven to an exercise of his skill in casuistry. -- EDS.


1716.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 83

 

as if he ail'd Nothing. I came to this Resolution, that if

at they would make such a submission as this I would let

them pass; viz: We do acknowledge our Transgressions

as of the Law in Travailing upon the Lord's Day, May, 13.

1716. And do promise not to offend in the like kind

hereafter, as witness our Hands

RICHARD GERRISH,

PETER LA BLOND.

This Offer they rejected with some Disdain, and Mr.

La Blond paid me a 30s and 10s Bill of Credit for both

their Fines. I imediately paid it to Samuel Moodey, Se-

lectman of Newbury (They have no Town-Treasurer).

Cousin Moses Gerrish rode before and brought him to his

Mother's. And then conducted us to his house on the

North side of the River. Parker, Whither Mr. Sheriff

Denison came to us with Mr. Appleton, Mr. Berry and

undersheriff Gains. Din'd at Bror Moodey's, Sister was

sick. Rid to Ipswich, got to my Lodgeing rather before

Sunset. Met Mr. Dudley between the Bridge, and Mr.

Rogers's, told me my Daughter Hirst was prayed for, but

not worse. Laus Deo.

Superr Court at Ipswich, May 19. Here Mr. Hern

informs me that Gerrish and La Blond went from Platt's

at Salem on the Lord's Day morn; He spake to them

against it; They said they could but pay 5s. Ferryman

pt. told me, Two were carried over about the time of going

to Meeting. Crompton informs me that they were at his

house, and went not to Meeting at Ipswich: Went away

late in the Afternoon: So that they Travail'd 22. Miles or

more that day. I hope God heard my Prayer, and di-

rected me to do Right, and Accepted me.

May, 16. adjourn'd sine die. Din'd at Col. Francs

Wainwright's House. Went to Salem; In the way met

people coming from Beverly Lecture; would fain have

been there.

May, 17. Rode to Meadforth with Col. Thomas in his


84 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1716.

 

Calash; visited Cousin Porter after her Lyeing in; Din'd

with her Husband and Mother. From thence went on

Horse-back. Got home early, and found all well. Laus

Deo.

May, 23. Council dine in the Council Chamber: Many

invited, so that Three Tables were fill'd: Had no Musick,

though the Lieut Govr had promised it. About the 21.

The Lieut Govr asked the Council's Advice about a Para-

graph taken out of the Flying Post 1 printed by Fleet:

Lieut Govr spake very Coursly of cousin Wm Dumer;

This fellow, and I think worse; I said He was a Gentle-

man, and his Father and Grandfather, which calm'd the

Lieut Govr, and brought him to better Language. It

apear'd that Wm Duller, with Wm Dudley and Francis

Wainwright, spake to the Printer to do it; Capt Panton

came in but said his being there was by accident, he knew

nothing of it. I said at same time, "There are some men

in the world are so mortally sick of the Plague of Selfish-

ness, that except they might be Charioteers they wish'd

the Chariot burnt, or off the Wheels, I was for upholding

Government whether in or out of it."

At, last the Council voted, it tended to the disturbance

of the Government. Lt. Govr and Council order'd me to

Reprimand Mr. Dummer. Having confronted the Lt Govr

in his Favour, I finally was forc'd to do it. I told him

how intolerable it was for privat persons to print Reflec-

1 We cannot explain satisfactorily this reference. The only regular

newspaper in Boston was the "Boston News-Letter," begun April 24, 1704,

and owned by John Campbell, the post-master. The second paper was the

"Boston Gazette," founded Dec. 21, 1719, by William Brooker, the new

post-master. The third was James Franklin's "New-England Courant,"

first issued Aug. 17, 1721.

There was the "London Flying Post," and it is probable that Thomas

Fleet, who came to Boston about 1712, and soon opened a printing office,

where he printed pamphlets, ballads, &c., may have occasionally reprinted

numbers of an English paper. It may be that he issued a " Flying Post "

as a broadside. -- EDS.


1716.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 85

 

tions and Censures on the highest Acts of Government;

To do it on one part was to do it on all; for they must

be Together. Twas ill done of them who printed it in

London, and twas ill done of them that carried it on here.

Mr. Bromfield had inform'd that he treated him scurvily

by saying, They did not treat him as a Gentleman to send

for him so often. I took notice of that; said twas easier

for men to Comit a fault, than to bear to be told of it; he

had therein forgot his Breeding. About 190. [copies]

were left with Mr. Dumer's wife by Fleet. Dumer said

he knew not what was become of them, own'd he had

seen the prints at his House. But it apear'd his Bror

Wainwright dispers'd them after the Lt Govr had vehe-

mently forbid it. Wm Dudley, though sumon'd, did not

apear. Was sumon'd again, excus'd himself by the Foul-

ness of the Wether, his Father's Sickness. It seem'd to

be very ill design'd to throw us into confusion just at the

Election.

June, 3. Mr. Williams of Derefield preaches with us.

June, 4. The News-Letter comes out with Col. Bur-

gess's Health. Lt Govr's Speech, &c.

Third day June 5. Certain News is brought that

Samuel Shute is made our Govr, to our great Joy. Mr.

Burgess goes to Ireland a Lt. Col. of Dragoons. The

Lord is our Judge. Isa. 33. 22. Order is taken to send

for the Packet from the Ship; and the Letter to Col. Bur-

gess is now to Col. Shute, which I could not vote to. Lt

Govr sat in his Chair, and Earnestly Call'd for it; had

procur'd the Comittee to put it in as I aprehend: Col.

Byfield was Chair-man. The new Clause is, that would

do what in him lies for the Interest and Welfare of the

Province, especially for the Continuance of the Lt Govr.

While Case was hearing, I went to our privat Meeting,

where my Son Mr. Joseph Sewall pray'd Excellently for

his Sister Hirst, Tho. Sewall, Henry Bromfield. Read 40 ,

odd pages of Dr. Goodwin's Sermon on Things Not Seen.


86 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1716.

 

Mr. Tilly concluded. Mr. Franklin was not present,

nor Cole. I think but one woman of the Meeting, Mrs.

Tilly. Madam Usher, and her daughter Clark there,

Tilly-Clark.1 The Lord be with us!

June, 8. Treasurer, Attorney Gen1, Comissioner for

Impost elected. The first and Last had in a maner all

the Votes. In the Attorney's Choice Voters were about

95. and Mr. Paul Dudley had 67. This day I received a

Letter full of Vile Reproaches, which I desire to spread

before the Lord!

June, 15. Cambridge Resolved by the Council to be

the Shire-Town for Middlesex, after the Hearing. This

was Non-concur'd by the Deputies.

Visit Mr. Pemberton, who read me his Letters about

Govr Shute. Mrs. Margaret Leverett is taken mortally

sick at Mrs. Johnson's.2

June, 16. Dy'd about 2 or 3 hours past Midnight.

Is carried by Water in her Coffin to Cambridge.

June, 18. Buried. My Son went thither in Madam

Winthrop's Coach. Poor Mary Hirst had Gloves and

went with Mrs. Wendal. Bearers, Mr. Robie, Denison;

Mr. Hall, Foxcroft; Mr. Brattle went not out.

Thomas Sewall is very Sick still; my Son thinks mor-

tally so.

June, 20. I went over to Charlestown in the morn,

and drave a Pin in Charlestown Meetinghouse, in the

Corner-post next Mr. Bradstreet's; gave an Angel.3 I sat

 

1 Perhaps this relates to some church quarrel. Among the admissions to

the Old South we find William Tylley, March 29, 1691, and Abigail Tilley,

Sept. 3, 1704. -- EDS.

2 This was the seventh child of President John Leverett, by his wife,

Margaret (Rogers). This daughter was eleven years old at her death, but

the title of Mistress was often given to young ladies of a certain social posi-

tion, without regard to age. -- EDS.

3 It appears from Budington's "History of the First Church, in Charles-

town," p. 115, that this meeting-house was erected according to a vote of

the town, on the site of the old building on the south side of the town hill.


1716.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 87

 

in the nearest Shop, and saw them raise the 3d post to-

wards the Ferry from the Corner-post. Gave me a Cool

Tankard. Gave Mr. Graves one of my Son's Books. Got

to the Council Chamber before Ten.

Meeting at Mr. Tilly's. I pray'd: Sung the 1, 2, 4, 7,

last half of the 9, and the 14. verses, D. Mrs. Deffores

sent her Maid to invite the Meeting. Madam Usher went

to Braintrey Tuesday, June 19.

I essay'd June, 22, to prevent Indians and Negros

being Rated with Horses and Hogs; but could not pre-

vail.1 Col. Thaxter brought it back, and gave as a reason

of the Non-agreement, They were just going to make a

New Valuation.

I had drawn up a Dissent in these Words, "Whereas

Two and Twenty Thousand pounds of the Bills of publick

Credit of this Province were emitted by the General

Court in the year 1711; And the Impost and Excise, and

a Tax of 22,000. on Polls and Estates, to be Raised this

May Sessions, 1716. were Granted as a Fund for drawing

them into the Treasury again; We are humbly of Opinion

that the now Resolving to Raise Eleven Thousand pounds

only, is an unwarrantable diminution of the General

Court's Grant; and tends greatly to weaken the publick

Credit; if the Province should stand in need of the like

Anticipation for the future: For which reason they can-

not come into it."

I show'd this to Col. Hutchinson; but did not find that

I could get him or any, to join with me. I was hereby

confirm'd in my Resolution to Sign no more Bills. And

when the 5000 Emission came up, to be paid 1719, I

said to the Council,

 

It cost nearly 1,900. It stood until June 17, 1775, when it was burned

with so much of the town by the British troops. -- EDS.

1 Coffm (" History of Newbury," p.188) notes this passage, and gives ex-

amples of such ratings. Sewall's protest was the outcome of his antislavery

feelings, so far in advance of his times. -- EDS.


88 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1716.

 

Gentlemen, I Thank you for the Employment given me

thus long, which has been very pleasant and profitable to

me. But I am sensible that it wears my Eyes much; and

there are many can do it better than I. And therefore

I entreat you to think of some other person: Foras-

much as I am uncapable of engaging any further in that

Service.

Some desired me to serve longer. I offered to carry up

the privat Bill with some minute amendment, respecting

Col. Phips,l his Changing his Name from Benet to Phips;

and to carry back the Emission of 5000. to have the

Plates mentioned on which they were to be made. And

by this means took the advantage of saying the same to

the Deputies I had said to the Council.

June, 23. An order comes up for the Plates; and

Adam Winthrop esqr. is put in my place.

June, 25. Wm Penn's Will is declared Null and Void.2

 

1 Spencer Bennet, son of Dr. David Bennet, by his wife, Rebecca Spen-

cer, was thus nephew of Dame Mary (Spencer) Phips, wife of Governor Sir

William Phips. Spencer was adopted by his uncle, to the exclusion of the

nephews of the Phips blood and inherited his large property. As Spencer

Phips, he was lieutenant-governor from 1733 till his death, April 4, 1757,

aged seventy-one years. -- EDS.

2 William Penn's will was long in litigation. The first record is in Suff.

Wills, vol. x. f. 459, and is dated Dec. 18, 1688. Penn signs with a mark,

which on the book is copied as an X. The witnesses are John Tucker,

Thomas Lea, and Mary Marsh. It leaves most of his property to his

cousin, Edward Hill, whose wife, Deborah, he had called from Old England

to be his heir, leaving 50 each to cousins Sarah, Hannah, and Edward

Hill, Jr.

But, in 1694, Joseph Hill and Richard Draper, of Boston, attorneys for

Anthony Penn, of Birmingham, Co. Warwick, nephew and heir-apparent of

the late William Penn, petitioned to have the will cancelled as a forgery.

They claimed that one John Potwine, then or thenafter a son-in-law of

Edward Hill, was the originator of the plot. That he and Deborah Hill

went to Dr. John Lee, who wrote the will according to their instructions,

and that the signature was forged. Lee, however, was not accused of any

guilty knowledge of the forgery. Further, it was said that Mary Marsh was

in Concord at the time and never witnessed the signing.

The witnesses were John Chadwick, aged twenty-nine; Joseph Hill, aged

forty-seven, the varnisher; one Mallestone, the fencing-master, and especially

 

1716.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 89

 

26. I told Col. Winthrop, I rejoice in the Justice the

Court have done themselves, and the Honour they have

done me, in putting you in my place. He return'd the

Compliment. Lieut. Jnoson buried.

June, 27. The Court is prorogued to the first of

August. Mr. Newman dines with us. Bror Moodey and

Northend go home.

June, 28. Mr. Thacher, of Milton and Mr. Stone dine

with us.

June, 29. Daughter Hirst had a very bad night last

night. Prayer at Madam Willard's. Mr. Jn Danforth be-

gins, Mr. Henry Bromfield's Case chiefly Spread, Daugh-

ter Hirst, Thomas Sewall; Mr. W ebb prays, Mr. Sewall

preaches Excellently from Psal. 22. 24. Mr. Pemberton

prays Nobly. Mr Expo Mayhew comes to Town. Osburn

arrives. Judge Woodbridges Son to Mr. Hirst from

Barbados.

June, 30. 1716. I visit Thomas Sewall at Cambridge:

Gave him 40s., read Psal 27, John 17th. to him: pray'd with

him at his desire. Visited the President, Condoled Madam

Leverett. Visited my Daughter Hirst when I came home;

 

Samuel Thompson, of Braintree. This last was an old friend of Penn's,

and had charge of a former will. This he says he gave up to Mr. Hill, Dr.

Bullivant, and Dr. Lee, when they came for it. But he says' that Penn

always signed "with a Roman doblew with the heels upward," thus, M.

Lieutenant-Governor Stoughton, however, dismissed the appeal then, for

lack of evidence to prove a fraud.

The final decision is given in the following extract from the Council

Records, June 25,1716: "A full hearing having been had before this

Board, the twenty first current, upon the Petition of Joseph Hill and

Richard Draper, Attorneys of Anthony Penn of Birmingham and Mary

Ensor of Dennington in Great Britain, setting forth that the Instrument