THE

 

HISTORY OF ROWLEY,

 

ANCIENTLY INCLUDING

 

BRADFORD, BOXFORD, AND GEORGETOWN,

 

FROM THE YEAR 1639 TO THE PRESENT TIME.

 

 

By THOMAS GAGE.

 

WITH AN

 

ADDRESS,

 

DELIVERED SEPTEMBER 5, 1839,

 

AT THE

CELEBRATIOX OF THE SECOND CENTENIAL ANNIVERSARY

OF ITS SETTLEMENT.

 

By REV. JAMES BRADFORD.

 

 

BOSTON:

FERDINAND ANDREW'VS.

1840.

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1840, by

THOMAS GAGE,

in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts.

 

 

 

 

Electronic Version Prepared by

Dr. Ted Hildebrandt 3/12/2002

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CAMBRIDGE:

FOLS0M, WELLS, AND THURSTON,

PRINTERS TO THE UNIVERSITY.

 


 

 

 

 

PREFACE.

 

 

 

THE early history of every town furnishes

many incidents worth preserving. Some of

them may be uninteresting to strangers; but to

native inhabitants, descendants of the Pilgrim

Fathers, they all have an interest. To preserve

such facts and incidents as are supposed to be

more particularly interesting to the descendants

of the first settlers of the ancient town of Row

ley, is the object of the following pages.

The 5th day of September, 1839, having been

set apart, in pursuance of a vote of the town, for

the purpose of celebrating the second centennial

anniversary of its settlement, such material facts

were collected, as were judged proper to be in-

corporated into addresses to be delivered on the

occasion. The address, by the Rev. Mr. Brad-

ford, (which makes a part of this volume,) and

another by Thomas E. Payson, Esquire, were

delivered, the latter of which related to the civil

history of the town, which it was very desirable

to have printed, and a request was accordingly


iv PREFACE.

 

made for this purpose, with which Mr. Payson

did not think best to comply.*

There having been much information collected

at that time, and since, relating to the early his-

tory of the place, it was the wish of the inhab-

itants of the town that something, in addition to

the Address of Mr. Bradford, might be published;

and they having, by vote, granted to the Com-

piler of the ensuing sheets the exclusive right of

publishing this work, he, with diffidence in his

ability for undertaking it, consented to comply

with their desires.

It may, perhaps, be proper to add, that, in its

compilation, the records and files of ancient pa-

pers, of the Colonial, Provincial, and State Gov-

ernments of Massachusetts, of the County Courts,

registry of deeds and of probate, records of the

towns, parishes, churches, and societies of an-

cient Rowley, have all been examined with as

much care and attention as time would permit;

as also the works of various ancient historians,

as Winthrop, Johnson, Hubbard, Mather, Lech-

ford, Josselyn, Massachusetts Historical Collec-

tions, with other ancient and modern works.

 

* The following communication is his reply to the request.

"Andover, October 1, 1839.

"To Willard Holbrook, Thomas Gage, and Joshua Jewett.

"Gentlemen, -- The expression of your thanks for my address

on the 5th ultimo, has been received, together with your polite request

for a copy for publication. Please accept my thanks for the same;

but I must respectfully decline having the address published.

"Yours, &c. THOMAS E. PAYSON."


PREFACE. v

 

Having thus done what he could to bring out

from the rubbish of years, the historical memen-

tos of his native place, he now presents the col-

lection of them, with his sincere desire, that it

may not be unacceptable to his townsmen and

friends, and that it may, in some measure, be, to

the present and succeeding generations, as an

eminence, from which they may be enabled to

look back upon the generations of their ances-

tors, who have already acted their parts upon

life's stage; -- even to that time, when the ven-

erable Rogers and his company of sixty families

were engaged in erecting log-houses for their

shelter from the storm, in the midst of the then

dense forest which covered the ground, where

the pleasant village of Rowley now stands.

Before we proceed to the work it is thought

best to notice some of the measures adopted by

the town, relative to their Centennial Celebra-

tion, and also to annex thereto the order of

exercises for that celebration.

At a meeting of the inhabitants, held April

2, 1839, it was voted, That they will set apart

some day, during the present year, for the pur-

pose of celebrating the second centennial anni-

versary of the settlement of the town; and that

the Rev. Willard Holbrook, Joshua Jewett, Thom-

as Gage, Thomas Payson, Amos Saunders, Thom-


vi PREFACE.

 

as How Daniel N. Prime, Edward Smith, Rich-

ard Kimball, Benjamin H. Smith, Oliver Blackin-

ton, and Nathaniel Mighill, be a committee, with

instructions, to respectfully invite the inhabitants

of Georgetown, (who have been of us and with

us until lately,) to join with us in the celebration,

requesting them to appoint a committee of their

own citizens, to join with the committee of this

town in making all necessary arrangements for

the celebration; and as the towns of Bradford

and Boxford were originally a part of Rowley,

to invite the inhabitants of those towns, also, to

join in the celebration. The committee were

further instructed to compile, or cause to be

compiled from early history, from the records of

the State, county, and town, and from the rec-

ords of the several ancient churches, once or

now belonging to the town of Rowley, and from

all other available sources, all such matters and

facts, connected with the settlement and history

of the town, as they may think proper; and to

procure some suitable person, to select there-

from such material matters and facts as he may

deem most interesting and suitable to be incor-

porated into an address, to be by him delivered

on the occasion. The committee were instruct-

ed to appoint a day for the celebration, and to

make all necessary arrangements for the occa-

sion. They subsequently appointed Thursday,


PREFACE. vii

 

the 5th day of September for the celebration, and

invited the Rev. James Bradford, of Sheffield,

and Thomas E. Payson, Esquire, of Andover, to

deliver each an address on that day. They ac-

cepted the invitation, and performed the duty as-

signed them.

ORDER OF EXERCISES.

 

1. VOLUNTARY.

By the Band.

 

2. ANTHEM.

" Praise the Lord." -- COMER.

 

3. READING OF THE SCRIPTURE.

BY REV. ISAAC BRAMAN.

[From a Bible printed in 1611.]

 

4. SINGING.

BY THE CHOIR.

 

[A portion of the 107th Psalm, as turned into metre, and

set to a tune in a singing-book printed in 1604. To be

read, line by line, as by Deacons in days of yore. The

reading by Deacon JOSHUA JEWETT.]

 

1 Give thanks unto the Lord our God,

for gracious is hee :

And that his mercie hath no ende,

all mortall men may see.

2 Such as the Lord redeemed hath,

with thanks should praise his name;

and show how they fro -- foes were freed,

and how he wrought the same.


viii PREFACE.

3 Hee gathered them foorth of the lands,

that lay so far about :

From East to West, fro -- North to South,

His hand did find them out.

7 And by that way that was most right,

Hee led them like a guide :

That they might to a citie goe,

and there also abide.

37 That they may sow their pleasant land,

and vineyards also plant:

To yeeld them fruit of such encrease,

as none may seem to want.

38 They multiply exceedingly,

the Lord doth bless them so ;

Who doth also their brute beasts make,

numbers great to grow.

 

5. PRAYER.

BY REV. WILLARD HOLBROOK.

6. ORIGINAL ODE.

BY DANIEL N. PRIME, OF ROWLEY.

Supreme, eternal God,

Who sits enthroned above,

By whose Almighty power,

The wheels of nature move;

Oh! wilt Thou deign this day to hear,

Our grateful song and humble prayer.

When in the days old,

The fathers of our race

From persecution fled,

To seek a resting place;

Where they in peace might worship Thee,

From cruel priests and tyrants free.


PREFACE. ix

 

Then Thy protecting hand

Did guide them safely o'er,

Whilst they the ocean crossed,

To this then desert shore;

And ROGERS, with his little band,

Safely arrived on freedom's land.

Two hundred times our earth

Has run its annual round,

Since on this pleasant plain,

A safe retreat they found;

And on this spot a church did raise,

And dedicate it to Thy praise.

And ever since that hour,

Here have Thy temples stood,

Here have our fathers met,

To praise the living God!

Whose boundless power and matchless grace,

Created and sustains our race.

And now may we their sons,

While in thy courts this day,

With grateful hearts adore,

With contrite spirits pray;

That He who was our fathers' friend,

Their children here would still defend.

Through future ages may

Our sons and daughters join,

With cheerful heart and voice,

In worship so divine;

Here Lord remain and bless our race,

Through every age till time shall cease.

 

7. ECCLESIASTICAL ADDRESS.

BY REV. JAMES BRADFORD, OF SHEFFIELD.


x PREFACE.

 

8. ANTHEM.

" Glory be to God on High," -- MOZART.

 

9. CIVIL ADDRESS.

BY THOMAS E. PAYSON, ESQ. OF ANDOVER.

10. ORIGINAL ODE.

AIR-- "From Greenland's Icy Mountains,"

BY HON. GEORGE LUNT, OF NEWBURYPORT.

Come, pour to lofty numbers,

Your voices in the strain,

Let every heart that slumbers,

Awake to joy again.

The golden dawn returning,

Shall bid our bosoms glow,

For that in heaven burning,

Two hundred years ago.

That day whose wondrous story,

Our fathers oft have told;

That day whose deepening glory

Let age on age unfold,--

When hoary sire and childhood,

And youths in virgin glow,

Stood underneath the wildwood,

Two hundred years ago.

The frowning forest o'er them, --

The savage foe around, --

And all the hope before them

Within their strong hearts bound,

Yet pilgrims, worn and weary,

They hailed with grateful glow

A desert home so dreary,

Two hundred years ago.

When danger's need was sorest

They called on Him to save,

PREFACE. xi

 

By whom they broke the forest,

And bade the harvests wave;

Across the wintry ocean,

Or 'mid the fiercer foe,

He calmed each wild commotion

Two hundred years ago.

Their graves are all around us,

In venerable age;

Their pleasant homes surround us,

A goodly heritage; --

Yet warmer let each bosom

Its manly thanks bestow

For Freedom's flower, in blossom

Two hundred years ago.

11. PRAYER.

BY REV. BENJAMIN GRAFTON.

 

12. CLOSING ANTHEM.

II Hallelujah to the Father." -- BEETHOVEN.

 

ORDER OF PROCESSION, &c..

The following is the order in which the procession formed

upon the common, at eleven o'clock, A. M., and thence pro-

ceeded to the Congregational Meeting-house, under escort

of a volunteer company of young men belonging to the

town, commanded by Capt. Nathaniel Perley. Music by

Salem Brass Band.

Aid. Chief Marshal (mounted). Aid.

Escort.

Marshal.

President and Vice-Presidents of the Day.

Marshal. Orators and Officiating Clergymen. Marshal.


xii PREFACE.

 

Town Officers.

Marshal. Invited Guests. Marshal.

Committee of Arrangements.

Clergymen.

Marshal.

National and State Officers.

Marshal. Soldiers of the Revolution (in carriages). Marshal.

Marshal.

Marshal. Strangers and Citizens generally. Marshal.

 

After the services of the Church, the invited guests and

subscribers to the dinner formed a procession under the

same escort, and proceeded to a substantial pavilion, erected

for tile purpose upon the common, where from three hun-

dred and fifty to four hundred gentlemen and ladies partook

of a dinner prepared by Edward Smith and John B. Savory,

Esquires. Grace was said at the table by Rev. David T.

Kimball, of Ipswich, and thanks returned by Rev. Mr. Den-

nis, Agent of the American Education Society.

After the cloth was removed, various sentiments were

offered, and addresses made, suited to the occasion.

The publisher was called to act as President of the Day,

assisted by Brigadier-General Solomon Low, (who also

acted as Chief Marshal,) Joshua Jewett, and Thomas

Payson, Esquires, as Vice-Presidents.

The pavilion was one hundred und sixty, feet long by

twenty-five feet in width, which was, under the direction of

Horatio G. Somerby of Boston, tastefully decorated with

evergreens, pictures, and national banners, blended and

woven together by the ladies in an enchanting man-

ner. The church, in which the public exercises of the

day were performed, was, by the same gentleman, beau-

tifully ornamented in a style that reflected much credit

on his taste and fancy. A broad platform was erect-

ed around the house, for the accommodation of such as


PREFACE. xiii

 

could not obtain seats within, and the lover windows so dis-

posed of, as to give those without an opportunity of hearing.

Many antique relics were displayed. In the procession

was an elderly gentleman, with an old lady of eighty-six

mounted on a pillion, both in full dress of olden time, not

omitting the cocked hat and powdered wig; also, two young

ladies, one dressed in a full wedding suit, made and worn

on the bridal day of another lady, more than one hundred

years before; the other in a full wedding-dress of about

seventy years' standing. A man, well acquainted with the

manners and customs of the American Indians, in full In-

dian costume, carrying the pipe and armour of the late

Black Hawk, an Indian chief, was in the procession, and

excited the curiosity or many. In front of the pulpit, in

the meeting-house, was displayed an old weather vane, made

of a thin plate of iron, with the figures, 1697, cut through

it. This was the date of the second meeting-house built

in Rowley, upon the steeple of which, it buffeted many a

storm, and sprung to every wind that blew for more than

half a century. In the pavilion were displayed various ar-

ticles wrought by the Indians, some very ancient books

brought from England by the first settlers of Rowley. A

piece of embroidery of curious workmanship, wrought by

Sarah Phillips; (daughter of the Rev. Samuel Phillips, the

second minister of Rowley,) more than one hundred and

sixty years ago, attracted much attention, and is now owned

by Miss Hannah Perley, the said Sarah Phillips being

grandmother to the said Hannah's grandfather; and it is

hoped the same will be preserved, and shown at the next

centennial celebration in Rowley. A large armed chair,

with a set of heavy leather-bottomed chairs, supposed to

have been brought from England by the first settlers of the

town, was used at the late centennial dinner.

Is it not desirable, that the events of this memorable fes-

tival should be collected and preserved, and transmitted to


xiv PREFACE.

 

our descendants, to those who shall occupy our place when

another century shall have passed away? Could we have

found any written or printed account of the doings of our

Fathers one hundred years ago, at a first Centennial Obser-

vance of the settlement of the town, with what pleasure

and satisfaction should we have read it, and alluded to it

in this celebration. But alas, none is found; for none ex-

ists. We should therefore consider ourselves obliged by

duty to see to it, that a third Centennial epoch shall not be

without some account of the doings of the second. And

may the laudable doings of the town, in getting up and sus-

taining this celebration, be a precedent for all coming time.

Some of the regular sentiments or toasts above alluded

to, given out by Amory Holbrook as Toast-Master, with a

few of the volunteer sentiments, here follow, viz.

1st. The memory of our Fathers, -- Next to their holy

religion, the richest legacy which they have left us.

2d. The Reverend Ezekiel Rogers, -- Eminent for piety,

for wisdom, and for learning, --one of the earliest benefac-

tors of Harvard College and of the Church; he was among

the brightest glories of New England's first age.

3d. The Reverend Samuel Phillips. -- As founders of our

public schools, as patrons of our benevolent and religious

institutions, as the brightest examples of private charity and

public beneficence, we honor his descendants to this day.

6th. Rogers, Phillips, and Payson, -- Choice stones in

the temple of righteousness; future generations shall rise up

and call them blessed.

9th. The day foe celebrate, -- Sacred to the great and

good of other times; we will tell their wonderful story to

our children, that they may transmit it again to theirs.

Volunteer. By the Honorable Caleb Cushing of New-

buryport. "The foundation stones of New England insti-

tutions, -- Religion, Liberty, and Virtue. May they be

eternal in their influence upon all the sons of the Pilgrims.


PREFACE. xv

 

By a Lady. "The Mothers, Wives, and Daughters of

our Puritan ancestors. -- May their bright examples, in

sustaining Religion, Liberty, and Virtue, be eagerly sought

after, and carefully followed by their happy descendants."

Interesting speeches were made by the Honorable Caleb

Cushing, the Honorable Stephen C. Phillips, of Salem, John

P. Hale, Esquire, of Dover, District Attorney of New

Hampshire, and by various other persons.

Communications from various invited guests, who could

not make it convenient to attend, were read by the Toast

Master. Among others, one from his Excellency, Edward

Everett, Governor of the Commonwealth, Hon. Josiah

Quincy, L. L. D., President of Harvard University, Hon.

Daniel A. White, Judge of Probate for Essex County,

Hon. Leverett SaltonstaIl, of Salem, member of Congress,

Hon. George Lunt, of Newburyport, and Hon. Gayton P.

Osgood, of Andover.

The address by Thomas E. Payson, Esquire, on the civil

history of the town, followed that by Mr. Bradford. In the

introduction of which, Mr. Payson very correctly observed,

that the history of the New England settlements was but a

history of the church; and, of course, his broadest ground

had been previously gone over; but (as was justly remarked

at the time by one or his hearers) "he executed his task in

excellent style, and wrought up his materials with the hand

of a master. Chaste, elegant, and graceful in its compo-

sition, the delivery was worthy of the style and the subject.

The oration gave evidence of fine taste, and of talents of no

common order. It was matter of regret, that want of time

obliged him to omit a part of his address."

The compiler of this work had a great desire, that Mr.

Payson's address should make a part thereof, and go down

to posterity with it. But Mr. Payson was of opinion, that,

what of civil history he had, in detached parcels, incorpo-

rated into his address, would not very much abridge the


xvi PREFACE

labor of writing a history of the town, and therefore thought

it best to withhold the copy.

On the evening of the day following the celebration, one

hundred and sixty young ladies and gentlemen formed a pic-

nic party, and partook of a supper in the pavilion, pro-

vided by the aforenamed Smith and Savory, after which they

proceeded to the completion of what they considered the

unfinished business of the celebration.

The invitation to the citizens of Georgetown was accept-

ed by them in town-meeting, April 8, 1839, when they ap-

pointed the Rev. Isaac Braman, Solomon Ne1son, Amos J.

Tenney, George Spofford, Jereiniah Jewett, Ira Stickney,

David Mighill, Jeremiah Russell, and Benjamin Winter, a

committee, to join with the committee of Rowley in making

arrangements for the celebration. A majority of this com-

mitttee met several times with the committee of Rowley, and

very cordially cooperated with them in making their ar-

rangments; which cooperation they continued till a subse-

quent meeting of the town of Georgetown was holden, when

that town, by vote, declined making an appropriation for

defraying any part of the expense of the celebration; after

which the committee of that town thought it proper for

them to omit further action on the subject. Upon their

withdrawal, the committee or Rowley, by vote, extended an

invitation, with a request, to the committee of Georgetown,

to Coiltiilue to act with them as before.

Notwithstanding that town declined making an appro-

priation in their corporate capacity, yet some of the citizens

thereof contributed liberally to the object, and took a lively

interest in helping forward the celebration, and aided by

their personal services.

The compiler acknowledges himself to have been greatly

obliged by various persons in the contribution of matter for

this work. To tile Rev. Joseph B. Felt, of Boston, and

David Puisifer, 3d, Esq., of Salem, special acknowledg-

ments are due.


PREFACE. xvii

 

The Secretary of the Commonwealth, the Register of

Deeds and of Probate in Essex, the Clerks of the Courts in

Suffolk and Essex, the Librarians of various Libraries con-

taining ancient and rare books, have all manifested great

politeness in permitting the compiler to have free access to

the records and books in their respective care.

 

" Man, through all ages of revolving time,

Unchanging man, in every varying clime,

Deems his own land of every land the pride,

Beloved by Heaven o'er all the world beside."


 

 

CONTENTS.

 

Page

MR. BRADFORD'S ADDRESS, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

(Appendix to Address.)

Ezekiel Rogers, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55

Samuel Phillips, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67

Samuel Shepard, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74

Jeremiah Shepard, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75

Edward Payson, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77

Jedidiah Jewett, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84

John Blydenburgh, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85

Ebenezer Bradford, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88

Willard Holbrook, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89

Deacons in First Church, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90

James Chandler, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91

Isaac Braman, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94

Deacons in Second Church, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95

Ministers and Deacons of Byfield Parish, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95

George Leslie, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98

Gilbert T. Wil1iams, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100

First Baptist Church and its Ministers, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101

Second Baptist Church and its Ministers, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104

First Church in Bradford, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105

East Church in Bradford, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110

First Church in Boxford, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111

Second Church in Boxford, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114

 

HISTORY OF ROWLEY.

Plymouth and Massachusetts settled, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117

Rogers and his Company, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120

House Lot laid out, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123

Names of First Settlers, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130

 

 


CONTENTS. xix

 

Other House Lots laid out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132

Town Boundaries, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134

Counties first formed, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136

Military Matters, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137

By-Laws, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138

Other Settlers to 1700,. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145

Gorton and others, "Blasphemous Enemies," &c. " . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149

Hog-Island Marshes laid out, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150

Well keeping of the Sabbath, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151

Freemen's Oath, &c. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153

Governors, how elected, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155

Andros's Usurpation, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157

New Charter, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167

Witchcraft, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168

Indian Hostilities and Military Matters, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178

Eastern Indians, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192

Port Royal taken, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194

Canada Expedition, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195

Goodrich Family killed by Indians. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200

Military Officers appointed, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203

French War of 1744, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205

Massacre of Fort William Henry, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 214

French War, continued, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223

Peace with France, 1763, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226

Stamp Act, and Troubles with England, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227

Whig Covenant, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233

Recantations of Tories, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234

Letters from Boston, &c. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237

Causes of War, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243

Revolutionary War, Constitution adopted, &c. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250

Expense of the War, and Men furnished by Rowley, . . . . . . . . . . . . 291

Shays's Insurrection, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 293

Soldiers detached, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 301

Address to President Adams, Resolves, &c. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 302

War of 1812, 309 First Parish, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 315

New Rowley, or Second Parish, first settled, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 320

Byfield Parish, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 329

Division of Land with Harvard College. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 331


xx CONTENTS.

 

Division of Land among the Parishes, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 337

Merrimack Lands, first settled, laid out, &c. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 341

Village Land, laid out, &c. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 356

Indian Purchase, Deeds, &c. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 371

Town Clerks, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 382

Representatives, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 383

Graduates, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 385

Physicians,. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 390

Schools,. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 392

Population,. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 397

Taxes and Valuations,. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 398

Statistics of Boots and Shoes made, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 403

Town Paupers, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 405

Votes for Governor since 1780, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 408

Mills, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 410

Hills, Ponds, &c. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 414

Earthquakes, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415

Dark Day,. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 417

Remarkable Preservation, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 424

Bunker Hill Monument, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 426

Destruction by Fire, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 427

Burial Grounds, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 428

Deaths by Casualty, &c. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 433

Genealogical Register, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 438

People of Color, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 462

Post-Offices and Post-Roads, &c. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 463

Old and New Style, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 466

Annexations, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 467

Various Items, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 468


To the Rev. JAMES BRADFORD.

DEAR SIR,

The undersigned, in behalf of the Committee of Arrangements for

celebrating the Second Centennial Anniversary of the settlement of

Rowley, hereby express their thanks for your very acceptable Address,

delivered yesterday, and respectfully request of you a copy for publi-

cation.

Signed, WILLARD HOLBROOK,

THOMAS GAGE.

JOSHUA JEWETT.

Rowley, September 6th, 1839.

 

 

To the Rev. WILLARD HOLBROOK, THOMAS GAGE, Esquire, and

Deacon JOSHUA JEWETT, acting in behalf of the Committee of Ar-

rangements for celebrating the Second Centennial Anniversary of

the settlement of Rowley.

GENTLEMEN,

 

Your communication, expressing your thanks for, and approbation

of, the Address, which I had the honor of delivering here on the 5th

instant, and requesting a copy for the press, I have received with

satisfaction. In compliance with your request, I submit the manu-

script to your disposal, earnestly desiring, that whatever of excel-

lence there is in it, may be for the perpetuity of the hallowed institu-

tions of our holy religion, among the inhabitants of this ancient town,

during all coming time.

Accept, Gentlemen, for yourselves, and the respected committee,

in whose behalf you act, my most cordial thanks for the kind recep-

tion and very generous treatment I have received among you.

Very respectfully your townsman and friend,

JAMES BRADFORD.

Rowley, 6th September, 1839.


 

 

 

 

ADDRESS.

IN the history of every people are events of peculiar

notoriety, which latest posterity is disposed fondly to

cherish, and which may be commemorated with great

propriety, pleasure, and profit. The parts of history,

which usually, if not invariably, please and instruct

us most, are those which exhibit to us illustrious per-

sons, in perilous situations, retaining their integrity,

conducting themselves with wisdom in the prosecution

of important objects, and overcoming great difficulties,

by untiring patience, unyielding fortitude, and unshaken

trust in God; and crowned, at length, with victory over

all opposition, and the smiles of approving Heaven.

To the inhabitants of New England, and especially of

this Commonwealth, it would seem, that no subject could

be presented, that would claim deeper attention, and

take stronger hold on the heart, than the history of God's

wonderful dispensations towards their forefathers, and

particularly their Puritan and Pilgrim forefathers. To

their self-denial, their wisdom, their constancy, their la-

bors, their valor, their perseverance, privations, piety,

and prayers, we owe, under God, and our posterity to

the latest generation will owe, the possession of privi-

leges, civil and religious, surpassing those of any other

people upon earth.


4 ADDRESS.

 

To call to mind the virtues of those who have gone

before us, to impress more deeply upon the heart a

sense of the exalted privileges we enjoy, and, above all,

to fill and expand our soul with grateful emotions to him

from whom all good comes, is, I apprehend, the lau-

dable object of our meeting here, to-day, to celebrate

this second centennial anniversary of the settlement of

this town.

How admirable are the operations of Divine Provi-

dence! In how delightful, and yet how astonishing a

manner, does God often accomplish the purposes he

wisely and graciously determines! Infinite in holiness,

he proposes the best ends, and, infinite in wisdom, he

attains these ends in the best manner; often by means

even which seem to have a most contrary tendency. It

is God's high prerogative to bring good out of evil,

and, with untarnished purity and inscrutable wisdom, to

make the wrath of man even to accomplish his purposes

of mercy, and erect monuments of praise to his name.

Empire, learning, and religion, in ages gone by, have

been moving onward from east to west, and this conti-

nent is their last western stage; the vast Pacific, which

bounds our country towards the setting sun, will bound

their further progress in this direction. Here, in this

extensive territory, on this broad and elevated stage,

had God doubtless designed to exhibit a wonderful dis-

play of his wisdom, power, and truth, through the agen-

cy of a people raised up for that very purpose. But by

what instrumentality was this mighty work to be com-

menced? It was through the mysterious instrumentality

of persecution! Yes, it was the crushing, grinding in-

fluence of the persecutor's hand, both in church and

state, which was made instrumental, in the wonder-work-


ADDRESS. 5

 

ing providence of God, in peopling this our land with

godly and learned men, and of rearing our goodly fabrics

of freedom, piety, and literature, the blessings of which

are to descend to countless myriads yet unborn, both

here and in distant regions of the earth.

As the settlement of this town was made by those

who fled hither from the privations and persecutions ex-

perienced at home; especially as the church was here

organized, and the gospel ministry here commenced, by

the Puritans, and sustained, for a long time, by those di-

rectly descended from the Puritan fathers, there surely

will be a propriety, on this occasion, in briefly tracing

the events which led them from privileges, kindred, and

home, to seek an asylum in this then inhospitable and

solitary region.

The church of Christ, as established by the inspired

Apostles, was as pure as the materials of which it was

constituted would permit. But, through the perverse-

ness of human nature, it eventually became deeply cor-

rupted, both in faith and practice. This corruption, in

the fourteenth century after Christ, was great indeed;

but at the close of the fifteenth, and in the commence-

ment of the sixteenth, it became extreme and intolerable.

The Pope had not only assumed the authority in spiritual

matters belonging to God alone, but, in worldly matters

also; had declared himself the sovereign of the whole

earth, and endeavoured to sustain his pretensions by

measures the most presumptuous, absurd, oppressive,

and cruel. John Wickliffe, of England, as early as

1360, and soon after, his martyred pupils in Bohemia,

Jerome of Prague and John Huss, seem first to have

arisen against the dominant usurpations of the Romish

church, sowing the seeds of the subsequent reformation,


6 ADDRESS.

 

and thus preparing the way for future reformers. But,

in 1517, the undaunted Martin Luther, of Germany, and,

about the same time, Zuinglius, of Switzerland, and the

celebrated Melancthon, made a vigorous and successful

onset upon the extravagant superstitions then prevalent.

This, with what followed by men of like feelings, as

Calvin, Knox, Cranmer, and others, aroused the dor-

mant energies of the palsied world, opened the way for

complete emancipation from the shackles of popish dom-

ination, and led to the establishment of the church in

the order and purity of the gospel. This was the com-

mencement of what is called, by way of eminence, the

Reformation. But this was opposed, as it appeared in

England, by Henry the Eighth, then king, with all the

influence he possessed. In 1547, he was succeeded by

his son, the amiable, sagacious, and virtuous Edward the

Sixth, a firm friend and efficient supporter of the Refor-

mation. He had just put in operation the wisest plans

to eradicate from his dominions the sordid fictions of

popery, and establish, in their place, the pure doctrines

and practices of Christianity, when death removed him,

after a reign of but six years. Mary, the sister of Ed-

ward, succeeded him. Her natural temper was tyran-

nical and cruel, almost beyond conception; and she was

madly zealous for the Romish cause. Persecution, in

its most barbarous and horrid forms, was employed

against all who acceded not to her wishes, or attempted

in the least to favor the Reformation. It was under her

cruel reign, that the eminent John Rogers, the first of

many who suffered death at the stake for their adherence

to truth and duty, was burnt at Smithfield. Many of

the reformers were driven to the continent, and took

refuge in France, Flanders, Germany, and Switzerland.


 

ADDRESS. 7

 

But this reign of terror, blood, and death was short,

having continued but about five years, being happily end-

ed in 1558, by the death of Mary, and the accession of

her half-sister, Elizabeth, to the throne. But Elizabeth,

though more mild in her natural temperament, as well as

in the exercise of her authority, having delivered her

people from the thraldom of Rome, and established that

form of religious doctrine and ecclesiastical government,

which now exists in England, was still disposed to ad-

here to many of the tenets of popery, and many of its

superstitious and idolatrous forms. Having the supreme

power over all ecclesiastical and spiritual matters by an

act of Parliament, and obtained a law to enforce an uni-

formity of doctrines and ceremonies throughout the

realm, and established the High Court of Commission for

the punishing of all who refused to comply with the act

of conformity, it is easy to perceive to what wretched

straits the friends of pure religion were now subjected,

under her reign even. On the accession of this queen to

the throne, many of those who had been exiles in foreign

lands, from the cruelties of Mary, returned to their native

country; and, bringing back with them enlarged views of

ecclesiastical discipline and divine worship, became very

zealous, with others of like sentiments, for a more per-

fect reformation in the Church of England, and for dis-

burdening the services of religion from all the innova-

tions and impositions of popery. Hence, by way of re-

proach, they were denominated Puritans ; and hence,

also, many were summoned before the Court of Commis-

sion, and questioned, reproved, threatened, and com-

manded to comply with the ceremonies appointed by

law. But the Puritans uniformly declared, that, in their

sincerest belief, a compliance would be a violation of


8 ADDRESS.

 

their duty to God, and begged to remain unmolested while

they disturbed not the public peace. But no favor was

shown them. A large number of ministers, many of

them of the most learned, pious, and popular, were de-

prived of their functions, separated from their families,

confined in common prisons, and subjected to privations

and penalties which reduced them to poverty.

Under King James the First, who came to the British

throne in 1603, and who was educated in the Reformed

Church of Scotland, the Puritans expected relief from

oppression. But in this they were disappointed. James

embraced, and rigorously adhered to, the same principles

which had been adopted by Elizabeth, and resorted to

the same cruel methods to support them. The only

considerable favor the Puritans could obtain of him was

a translation of the Bible, which is now in use, and

which was done in 1611; a copy of which, bearing that

date, is now in possession of the descendants of the

first settlers of this town, and was brought here by them

from their native land.

No light beaming upon the Puritans from any quarter,

they began to conceive the design, of seeking abroad

that religious freedom which they could not have at

home. At first, individuals and single families emi-

grated to Holland; but, as the numbers increased, gov-

ernment interposed, and prohibited, by proclamation, all

departures. But the Puritans were not longer to be

confined by the chains of tyranny; through privations,

and toils, and sufferings unparalleled, they urged their

way; and, eventually, a Mr. John Robinson, with his

people, secured a retreat in Holland. There they re-

mained, with others that joined them, about eleven

years; when, by the desire to be freed from many in-


ADDRESS. 9

 

conveniences to which they were subjected, and by the

more powerful motive, the hope of laying a foundation

for the extensive advancement of the Redeemer's king-

dom in these then wild and inhospitable regions, they

were induced to remove to America. A part of the

company at Holland, uniting with others in England,

sailed on the 6th of September, 1620, and, on the 10th

of November, arrived at Cape Cod, and, on the 22d of

December, 1620, landed, with their effects, at Plymouth,

one hundred and one souls. In 1621, their number was

increased by the addition of thirty-five of their friends

and associates from Holland.

In 1628, Mr. Endecott, who may be considered the

founder of Massachusetts, with a company of about one

hundred, landed at, and commenced the settlement of,

Salem, and was the governor of the new plantation. In

June, 1629, three hundred more arrived at the same

place. The next year, 1630, Mr. John Winthrop,

having been constituted governor of the colony, and his

suit, with fifteen hundred settlers, came over; some of

whom sat down at Charlestown, and others at Boston.

Indeed, every year produced additions to the colony till

1640. At that time civil war broke out at home, and

emigrations ceased. From 1620 to 1640, a term of

twenty years, it is computed, that the number of emi-

grants to this country amounted to four thousand fami-

lies, or about twenty-one thousand British subjects,

among whom were many persons of great learning, emi-

nent piety, and high distinction; many in easy, and

others in affluent, circumstances.

Among the later emigrants were those, who, two hun-

dred years ago, sat down in this place, and here reared,

and fostered, and handed down to posterity, the inesti-

mable institutions of religion and learning.


10 ADDRESS.

 

The Rev. Ezekiel Rogers, who was at the head of

this settlement, was the first minister of the town. He

was born in England in 1590, and was the son of

the eminently pious and learned divine, Rev. Richard

Rogers of Weathersfield, Essex County, England. In

childhood and early youth, our Mr. Rogers was distin-

guished for genius, discernment, and learning. At the

age of twenty he was graduated, at the university at Cam-

bridge, as master of arts. Till about this time in life,

he himself says, in the preamble of his will, "I made

but ill use of my knowledge, and lived in a formal pro-

fession of religion. The Lord was pleased, by occa-

sion of a sore sickness, which was likely to be death, to

make me see the worth and need of Christ, and to take

such hold of him, as that I could never let him go to

this hour; whereby I am now encouraged to bequeath

and commit my soul into his hands, who hath redeemed

it, and my body to the earth, since he will give me,

with these eyes, to see my Redeemer." Having fin-

ished his education, he became chaplain in the pious,

learned, and accomplished family of Sir Francis Barring-

ton, of Essex. His public services, both of prayer and

preaching, at this early time of life even, were attend-

ed with such powerful strains of oratory, that his min-

istry was very acceptable, much frequented, and re-

markably successful. After five or six years, profit-

ably and usefully spent in this family, Sir Francis be-

stowed upon Mr. Rogers the benefice of Rowley, in

Yorkshire, where he labored, with great fidelity and em-

inent usefulness, for seventeen years. At length, un-

willing to conform, he was suspended, and was induced

to seek a retreat from oppression and persecution, and

the privilege of worshipping God according to the dic-


ADDRESS. 11

tates of his own conscience, in this land of the Pilgrims;

or, as he himself tells the tale, "for refusing to read

that accursed book that allowed sports on God's holy

Sabbath, or Lord's day, I was suspended, and, by it

and other sad signs of the times, driven, with many of

my hearers, into New England." Mr. Rogers arrived

in this country with many respectable families of his

Yorkshire friends, "godly men," as the historian says,

"and most of them of good estate," in the autumn of

1638. He commenced the settlement of this place, in

April, 1639, with sixty families, who labored in common

about five years; but the act of incorporation was not

had till the 4th of September following. On the 3d

of December, 1639, Mr. Rogers was installed pastor

over the church, which was, probably, at that time or-

ganized; for we are informed, in the words of the histo-

rian, under this date, that "they," that is, the professed

friends of Christ then here, "renewed their church

covenant, and their call of Mr. Rogers to the office of

pastor, according to the course of other churches";

and it appears, that Thomas Mighill and Maximilian

Jewett were, at the same time, appointed deacons. The

number of which the church was first constituted, in the

absence of all records, cannot be determined. But if

sixty families, meriting the eminent appellation of "god-

ly," had taken up their abode here, it will not be ex-

travagant to suppose, that there were one hundred and

fifty members at the commencement, probably more.*

 

* The particulars of the organization of the church, the installation of Mr.

Rogers, the number of members of which the church was first

constituted, numbers added, &c., cannot be stated; for, if they were

recorded in church records, those records were lost by the fire which

consumed the dwelling of Mr. Rogers, near the close of his life.


12 ADDRESS.

 

Mr. Rogers had an annual salary of sixty pounds. The

first meeting-house was probably built in 1639; so emi-

nent were the Puritans, and so eminent are their genuine

descendants, to make the attainment of a place of Wor-

ship the object of their first concern. I say, probably

in 1639; for, early in the year following, mention is

made of it in an order of the General Court; and the

site of it was the very spot, or near it, where the present

congregational meeting-house now stands. Mr. Rogers

was a man of undoubted and ardent piety, sound learn-

ing, zealous and persevering in his efforts to advance the

cause of truth and holiness, and, for a considerable por-

tion of his life, at least, of great influence. Strong and

ardent in his passions, he was sometimes hurried from

the straight line of Christian duty; but such was his hu-

mility, that he was always ready to acknowledge his er-

rors and retrace his steps. His praise was in all the

churches about him, but especially in his own; where

his preaching, consisting peculiarly of the doctrines "of

regeneration, and union to the Lord Jesus Christ by

faith," was eminently successful. "In the management

of these points," says Cotton Mather, "he had a no-

table faculty of penetrating into the souls of his hearers,

and manifesting the very secrets of their hearts. His

prayers and sermons would make such lively representa-

tions of the thoughts then working in the minds of his

people, that it would amaze them to see their own con-

dition so exactly represented. And his occasional dis-

courses with his people, especially with the young ones

among them, and, most of all, with such as had been, by

their deceased parents, recommended unto his watchful

care, were marvellously profitable. He was a tree of

knowledge, but so laden with fruit, that he stooped for


ADDRESS, 13

 

the very children to pick off the apples ready to drop

into their mouths. Sometimes they would come to his

house, a dozen in an evening; and, calling them up into

his study, one by one, he would examine them, how

they walked with God? How they spent their time?

What good books they read? Whether they prayed

without ceasing? And he would therewithal admonish

them to take heed of such temptations and corruptions,

as he thought most endangered them. And if any dif-

ferences had fallen out among his people, he would forth-

with send for them, to lay before him the reason of their

differences; and such was his interest in them, that he

usually healed and stopped all their little contentions,

before they could break out into any open flames." It

is said, that a traveller, passing through town, inquired

of him, "Are you, Sir, the person who serves here?"

To whom he replied, "I am, Sir, the person who rules

here."

So prominent and commanding were his talents, that

he was persuaded, in addition to his labors on the Sab-

bath, to give a lecture once in two weeks, for the benefit

of the inhabitants of other towns, as well as of his own

which was well attended, and with great satisfaction and

profit. But on account of this increased labor, a col-

league was settled to assist him.* In the latter part of

his life, Mr. Rogers was subjected to many calamities.

As Cotton Mather says, "The rest of this good man's

time in the world was winter; he saw more nights than

 

* It is not known how long the lecture, commenced by Mr. Rogers,

was continued; but a monthly lecture, holden on the first Wednesday

of each month was early established, and regularly sustained until

since the commencement of the present century.


14 ADDRESS.

 

days." The wife of his youth, who accompanied him"

from England, with all their children, he buried at the

expiration of about ten years. A second wife, the

daughter of the Rev. John Wilson, the first minister of

Boston, with a child, he was soon called to follow also

to the grave. He married a third wife, widow of

Thomas Barker, who survived him about seventeen

years; but the very night of this marriage, July 16th,

1651, his dwelling-house, with all his goods, the church

records, and the library he brought with him from Eng-

land, was consumed by fire. Soon after these events, a

fall from his horse so injured his right arm, that it was

ever after useless. All these distressing calamities befell

this man of God in rapid succession, and within four or

five years, which, it might well be supposed, with the

infirmities incident to advanced life, would utterly break

down his spirits, and paralyze all future efforts. But

such were not their effects. He sustained them with

Christian fortitude and resignation. His house was re-

built; his library replenished; his left hand was substi-

tuted for the right; his ministerial labors were continued;

and his heart was still set on doing good, and promoting

the honor of God. After a lingering illness, he died,

January 23d, 1660 -1, in the seventieth year of his age,

and the twenty-second of his ministry in Rowley. His

remains were interred in the grave-yard in this vicinity.

But "the tardy justice of the age" did not erect a

monument to Rogers until 1805, which was then done

at the expense of this parish,

By his will, bearing date, April 17th, 1660, Mr.

Rogers gave lands of considerable value to the church

and town of Rowley, "for the better enabling them to

carry on the ministry for ever, " on condition they should


ADDRESS. 15

 

pay Ezekiel Rogers, a son of his kinsman, Nathaniel

Rogers, of Ipswich, the sum of "eight score pounds."

This condition was complied with at the expense of

more than half the value of all the lands. A due pro-

portion of this legacy was received by the west parish,

and about half of Byfield, then belonging to Rowley,

when they were incorporated as separate societies. The

property now possessed by this parish, in virtue of

this clause of Mr. Rogers's will, is estimated at about

$2,000. The value of other lands of the parish, pos-

sessed from different sources, is about $ 2,600. Mr.

Rogers gave also to Harvard College, the oldest liter-

ary institution of the kind in our country, founded

in 1638, the year of his arrival in New England, the

principal part of his library; and, further, to the church

and town of Rowley, all his houses and lands, the

use of which he had bequeathed to his wife, on con-

dition, that they "maintain two teaching elders," that

is, a pastor and colleague, "in the church for ever";

allowing four years for the settling of an elder from

time to time, as vacancies occurred, by death or other-

wise; not doing this, the whole was to be forfeited

to Harvard College. This condition ceased to be com-

plied with, about 1700, during the ministry of Mr. Pay-

son, thirty-nine years after Mr. Rogers's death; and the

College claimed, and eventually received, the legacy

about 1734. The whole estate was estimated at about

L 1536, so that, in fact, Mr. Rogers was no incon-

siderable donor to that ancient and honorable institution.

(Appendix, A. 1.)

Mr. John Miller, one of the first settlers of the town,

was a minister of the gospel, and an assistant of Mr.

Rogers, for about two years after his installation. He


16 ADDRESS.

 

was designated, with two others, in 1641, by the elders,

at a meeting in Boston, to go as a missionary to Vir-

ginia. This service he declined, and was soon after

settled in Yarmouth; from thence eventually he re-

moved to Groton, where he died in 1663.*

The second pastor of this church was the Rev. Samuel

Phillips, the eldest son of the Rev. George Phillips,

who was a native of the county of Norfolk, England,

and educated there at the university of Cambridge. He

was an eminently learned, pious, devoted, and success-

ful preacher, at Boxford, Essex county, where Samuel

Phillips was born in 1625. The father, unwilling to

conform, came to New England with Governor Win-

throp, in 1630, bringing with him his son Samuel, then

about five years old, and became the first minister of

Watertown in this State. His death, which took place

in 1664, was deeply lamented by the church in Water-

town, who manifested their great respect for him by edu-

cating this son, Samuel, who, in 1650, was graduated

at Harvard College. In June, 1651, he was ordained

here, colleague pastor with the Rev. Mr. Rogers, in

the twelfth year of Mr. Rogers's ministry, and ten

years before his death, with a salary of from 50 to

90 yearly, according to the expense of living. In the

autumn of the same year in which he was ordained, he

married Sarah, daughter of Samuel Appleton of Ipswich,

 

* After Mr. Miller, Mr. Rogers was assisted in the ministry by

Mr. John Brock, a native of Suffolk county, England. He was born

in 1620, and came to this country when about seventeen years of age.

He was graduated at Harvard in 1646, commenced preaching here in

1648 and left for the Isle of Shoals about 1650. In 1662 he re-

turned, and was settled at Reading, where he died, 1688, aged sixty.

eight years.


ADDRESS. 17

 

of honorable descent. They had a numerous family;

six sons and five daughters. Mr. Phillips was highly

esteemed for his piety and talents, which were of no

common order, and was eminently useful both at home

and abroad. He officiated, repeatedly, at the great pub-

lic anniversaries, which put in requisition the abilities of

the first men in the New England colonies; and although

it is not known, that any of his productions were printed,

yet it is on record, that, in 1675, he preached before

the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, and, in

1678, before the General Court of the Commonwealth.

From 1666, about fifteen years after Mr. Phillips's set-

tlement, to the time of his death, including thirty years,

ninety-three persons were added to the church; fifty-

four of them in four several years, viz. in 1669, 1684,

1685, and 1695. After Mr. Rogers's death, and during

Mr. Phillips's ministry, Samuel Brocklebank, William

Tenney, John Pearson, Ezekiel Jewett, and John

Trumble, were appointed deacons in this church. When

the town first became possessed of a meeting-house bell,

is not known; but the earliest mention of one is in

1658, towards the close of Mr. Rogers's ministry, which

was suspended upon a frame, erected to receive it, near

the meeting-house. In 1695, the year before Mr. Phil-

lips's death, the town voted to build a new meeting-

house, forty-six feet by forty-four, which was completed,

November 7th, 1697. On the 22d of April, 1696, Mr.

Phillips died, aged seventy-one years, and in the forty-

sixth year of his ministry.

The descendants of Mr. Phil1ips are among the most

distinguished men of our country, especially "by their

civil stations and munificent patronage of institutions of

learning and benevolence." The Rev. George Phillips,

2*


18 ADDRESS.

 

minister at Brookhaven, Long Island, was a Son of our

Mr. Phillips. The Rev. Samuel Phillips, an eminent

divine, and minister at Andover, whose father resided at

Salem, was a grandson. The Hon. John Phillips,

the sole founder of the academy in Exeter, New Hamp-

shire, and his brother, the Hon. Samuel Phillips of An-

dover, one of the counsellors of the State, who together

founded and liberally endowed the academy in that town,

with another brother, the Hon. William Phillips of Bos-

ton, who also contributed liberally to the seminary at

Andover, were all great-grandsons of Mr. Phillips of

this place. Lieutenant-Governor William Phillips of

Boston, "whose name," it is well said, "is mentioned

wherever Christian munificence is honored," and Lieu-

tenunt-Governor Samuel Phillips, a member of the Pro-

vincial Congress in 1775, and an assistant in forming the

constitution of this Commonwealth in 1780, a man of

ardent, but humble piety, sound learning, and enlarged

benevolence, and the Hon. John Phillips of. Boston,

many years President of the Senate of Massachusetts,

and the first Mayor of that city, were descendants of the

fourth generation. The Hon. John Phillips of Ando-

ver, who, with his mother, Phoebe Phillips, and others

of a like benevolent spirit, founded the Theological

Seminary in that town, was a descendant of the fifth

generation from Mr. Phillips of this place. "By such

acts of most honorable munificence," says the biogra-

pher, "bave the family, which bears the name of Phil-

lips, proved to the world, that the blessing of wealth

may fall into hands which shall employ it to the best of

purposes." There are still in this Commonwealth, and

other portions of our country, many eminent individuals,

descendants of the Phillipses, of whom I will only say,


ADDRESS. 19

 

that, while they view it an honor to be able to claim an

ancestry so highly distinguished, they will unquestionably

feel their obligation to show themselves worthy of it.

(Appendix, A. 2.)

The third minister of this place was the Rev. Samuel

Shepard. He was son of the Rev. Thomas Shepard,

who was born near Northampton in England, November

5th, 1605, a day rendered memorable in the annals of

the British nation by the discovery of the well known

powder-plot. Exposed to persecution, on account of

his Puritan principles, at home, he fled to New England,

and arrived in 1635, and was soon after settled at Cam-

bridge in this State. "As a preacher of evangelical

truth," says his biographer, "and as a writer on experi-

mental religion, he was one of the most distinguished

men of his time. It was on account of the energy of

his preaching, and his vigilance in detecting, and zeal in

opposing, the errors of the day, that, when the founda-

tion of a college was to be laid, Cambridge, rather than

any other place, was pitched upon as the seat of the

seminary. He was the patron of learning, and essen-

tially promoted its interests. He was distinguished for

his humility and piety." (Allen. ) It was the son of

such a Puritan father, who was born, October, 1641, at

Cambridge, and graduated at Harvard in 1658, that was

settled here, November 15th, 1665, in the gospel min-

istry, as colleague with the Rev. Mr. Phillips, thirty-

one years previous to his death. He married Dorothy,

daughter of the Rev. Henry Flint, one of the first min-

isters of Braintree, and left one child, a son. So far

as any information remains respecting Mr. Shepard, it

shows, that he was a man of a most excellent spirit, and

very precious in the hearts of his people. But his min-


20 ADDRESS.

istry and his life were short. He died, April 7th, 1668,

after a ministry of less than three years, in the twenty-

eighth year of his age, and twenty-eight years previous

to the decease of Mr. Phillips. (Appendix, A. 3.)

After Mr. Shepard's decease, the town, designing to

comply with the conditions of Mr. Rogers's will, em-

ployed, besides others, Mr. Samuel Brackenbury, who

assisted Mr. Phillips two years, and Mr. Jeremiah

Shepard, a brother of the Rev. Samuel Shepard, more

than three years, who afterwards preached at Chebacco

parish, in Ipswich, now Essex, and subsequently was

settled at Lynn, and died there, June 2d, 1720, aged

seventy-two years.* (Appendix, A. 4.)

The Rev. Edward Payson was the fourth settled

minister of Rowley. He was son of Edward Pay-

son, of Roxbury, Massachusetts; was born there,

June 20th, 1657, and graduated at Harvard, 1677. !

 

*It is understood, that this Jeremiah Shepard was not a member

of any church, having made no public profession of religion, at the

time he preached at Rowley and Ipswich, --an extraordinary fact,

indeed, for those times of puritanical strictness! !

! The following is a copy of the letter of dismission and recom-

mendation of Mr. Payson, from the church of Roxbury to the church

of Rowley, written and signed by that venerable "Apostle of the

Indians," the Rev. John Eliot, first pastor of the church at Rox-

bury, Massachusetts, fifty years after his settlement there, viz.

"9 day, 8 Mo: 1682.

"To the Rev. Mr. Phillips, pastor of Rowley.

"Reverend and beloved in Jesus Christ. Divine Providence hav-

ing called our beloved brother, Mr. Edward Payson, to live and labor

among you, he desireth a dismission from our communion unto yours,

which we readily give him with our blessing, beseeching God to

make him a blessing among you, through Christ Jesus, to "whose

grace and guidance we commend you, with earnest desires of mutual

prayers; and so we rest your loving brethren.

JOHN ELIOT,

with the consent of the fraternity of the church at Roxbury."


ADDRESS. 21

 

It is not known by whom Mr. Phillips was assisted

during the four years next following the time that Mr.

Jeremiah Shepard left in 1676 ; but the town records

show, that Mr. Payson was first employed in 1680, and

August 17th, 1681, he received a call to settle, no one

objecting, and was ordained, as colleague with Mr.

Phillips, October 25th, 1682, about fourteen years pre-

vios to Mr. Phillips's decease, with 100 as a settle-

ment, and a salary, during Mr. Phillips's life, of between

50 and 60, and an income as teacher of the Latin

school. After Mr. Phillips's decease his salary was in-

creased to 100, and his fuel. Mr. Payson was mar-

ried, November 7th, 1683, to Elizabeth, daughter of

the Rev. Samuel Phillips. They had a numerous family

of children. The names of seventeen are preserved,

and several others died in infancy. Tradition says, they

had twenty children in all, of whom ten survived Mr.

Payson. In 1724, he buried his first wife; and, in

1726, he married Madam Elizabeth Appleton, widow

of the Ron. Samuel Appleton of Ipswich; daughter of

William Whittingham of Boston, and great-granddaugh-

ter of the Rev. William Whittingham, who was chosen

pastor of the first congregational church, since the days

of primitive Christianity, gathered at Geneva in Swit-

zerland; an eminent Puritan, who fled from England in

the reign of Queen Mary, leaving behind him an estate

of 1,100 sterling, per annum; thus demonstrating how

much stronger, in pious minds, are conscientious princi-

ples, than a love for the riches, honors, and pleasures

of the world. The descendants of Mr. Payson are quite

numerous in this town and elsewhere.* The prayer of

 

* Mr. Farmer, in his "Genealogical Register," says, that the late


22 ADDRESS.

 

the apostolic Eliot, that God would make Mr. Payson

a blessing here, seems to have been answered in his

behalf; for his labors were evidently made more abun-

dantly successful among the people, than those of any

other minister. From the death of Mr. Phillips, in

1696, about fourteen years after Mr. Payson's settle-

ment, to the death of Mr. Payson, in 1732, that is,

during thirty-six years of his ministry, there were added

to the church two hundred and seventy-one. The great-

est addition, at anyone time, was immediately after the

great earthquake, on the night following the 29th of Oc-

tober, 1727, which was sixty. Mr. Payson died, Au-

gust 22d, 1732, in the seventy-sixth year of his age,

and the forty-ninth or his ministry. It is not known, that

any productions of Mr. Payson were committed to the

press, except a sermon, delivered to his people in 1727,

occasioned by the great earthquake, founded on Lamen-

tations iii. 41: "Let us lift up our hearts with our

hands unto God in the heavens." During the ministry

of Mr. Payson, Samuel Palmer, Timothy Harris, Hum-

phrey Hobson, and Joseph Boynton were appointed

deacons in the church. (Appendix, A.5.)

The Rev. Jedediah Jewett was the fifth settled min-

ister of Rowley. He was the son of Jonathan Jewett

of this place, and a great grandson of Joseph and Ann

Jewett, who were among the first settlers of the town.

He was baptized, June 3d, 1705, graduated at Harvard,

1726, and ordained colleague of Mr. Payson, Novem-

ber 19th, 1729, about three years previous to Mr. Pay-

 

Rev. Edward Payson, D. D., of Portland, was a direct descendant of

this Mr. Payson of Rowley; and so says the "Quarterly Review."

But such is not the fact. He probably descended from a brother of

our Mr. Payson.


ADDRESS. 23

 

son's death, with a settlement of 300, and a salary of

90, which was considerably increased in succeeding

years. He married, in 1730, Elizabeth Dummer, daugh-

ter and only child of Richard Dummer of Newbury.

They had two children only, a son and a daughter.

His wife died, April 14th, 1764; and he married, Octo-

ber 29th, 1765, Mrs. Elizabeth Parsons of Bradford.

Common as the name is here, there are now none of

Mr. Jewett's descendants in this town, and but few in

other places. The Jewetts here descended from the

same original stock, but not through him. Mr. Jewett

was evidently a faithful parish minister.* During his

services here there were added to the church two hun-

dred and nineteen; ninety-six in two special revivals;

one in 1741 and 1742, and the other in 1764 and 1765.

Several of Mr. Jewett's sermons were published. The

last he preached, which was at the ordination of the Rev.

David Tappan of Newbury, April 18th, 1774, was put to

press. From that service he returned unwell, and died

on the 8th of May following, in the forty-fifth year of

his ministry, aged sixty-nine. Mr. Jewett was pos-

sessed of considerable property, much of which came

by his first wife. This he principally bequeathed to his

children; though, with a spirit of generous philanthropy,

and a just regard to the rights and enjoyments of others,

he provided for the manumission of his two female

slaves, who had descended to him from his father-in-

 

* The inscription upon his tombstone informs us, that "he was a

skilful, fervent preacher of the doctrine of God's grace to lost men,

through Jesus Christ; preached it as a doctrine according to godli-

ness, so as to teach them, who had believed in God, to maintain good

works. He also took heed to himself; was so pious, charitable, pru-

dent, and patient, as to be an example to the flock."


24 ADDRESS.

 

law Dummer, and made his estate, in the hands of his

children, liable for their maintenance, in case of poverty

and need in their old age. On the death of Mr. Jewett,

the church was left destitute of a pastor for the first time

since the settlement of the town in 1639, a period of

one hundred and thirty-five years; a fact, a parallel to

which can be found but in few, if any, of all our New

England churches. Before the death of Mr. Jewett,

Edward Payson, Francis Pickard, David Bailey, Moses

Clark, Thomas Mighill, and Jeremiah Jewett, were ap-

pointed deacons. The parish voted to defray the ex-

pense of the funeral of Mr. Jewett, and erect a suitable

monument at his grave.* In 1747, during the ministry

of Mr. Jewett, the parish voted to build a new meeting-

house, sixty feet by forty-two, with a steeple and spire;

this house was completed in 1749, about fifty years after

the erection of the last. (Appendix, A. 6.)

For about eight years, next succeeding Mr. Jewett's

death, the parish remained destitute of a settled minister,

and in a restless, divided condition. Within that period

they multiplied candidates exceedingly, and for half of

that time they were incessantly, and at intervals, vio-

lently agitated, relative to the employment and settle-

ment of a Mr. John Blydenburgh. (Appendix, A 7.)

The records show, that but very few individuals were

added to the church during all that time of turmoil,

strife, and destitution of the regular administration of the

word and ordinances.! The good providence of God,

 

* The first meeting held by the people as a parish, distinct from the

town, was in January 1733-4, in the early part of Mr. Jewett's

ministry.

! In this season of darkness and distraction it was, viz. August,

1777, that the meeting-house spire was struck with lightning and


ADDRESS. 25

 

however, did not leave this ancient church and people

to continued divisions, contentions, and destitution of a

settled ministry. All these evils ceased on the settle-

ment of Rev. Ebenezer Bradford, as the sixth minister

of the place. Mr. Bradford was a native of Canterbury,

Connecticut, and a lineal descendant of the fifth generation

of William Bradford, one of the first company of Puritan

emigrants who arrived, in 1620; the second governor of

Plymouth Colony, which office was conferred upon

him for thirty years out of thirty-six, and who was emi-

nently instrumental in "establishing and preserving the

first colony in New England, and the first church in the

United States."* Mr. Bradford was born in 1746,

graduated at Princeton, New Jersey, in 1773, licensed to

preach August, 1774, and ordained to the work of the

gospel ministry by the Presbytery of New York, at a ses-

sion held at South Hanover, New Jersey, July 13th, 1775. !

Mr. Bradford preached two years, or more, in Danbury,

Connecticut, and was there when Danbury was burnt by the

British, in 1777. From the fire and sword of the enemy,

he fled with his family and part of his effects, and returned

 

much injured. The town's stock of powder was then in the garret

of the house, but neither that nor the house was ignited. While this

spire was repairing it was supported by three strong ropes, extending

if; in different directions to three several trees; one to a tree on much

lower land than that on which the meeting-house stands. Upon this

rope Mr. Moses Jewett, Jun. son of the chairman of the committee

of repairs, a strong, athletic man, a blacksmith by trade, ascended to

the staging which was built around the spire, upon which he was re-

ceived, by the aid of two men, much exhausted.

* Robbins's "Historical Review."

! The Quarterly Register says Mr. Bradford's ordination was in

1778; but the original certificate, now before me, says, as above, Ju-

ly 13th, 1775.


26 ADDRESS.

 

in season to preserve his dwelling from the flames already

kindled within it. Mr. Bradford preached and adminis-

tered the ordinances in various parts of the country,

whenever he was called in providence, without particu-

lar reference to settlement, and, it is said, with great ac-

ceptance and eminent success.* October 22d, 1781,

the church having previously given Mr. Bradford a call,

the parish voted, two only dissenting, to unite with them;

and proffered him, as a settlement, real estate valued at

.200, and as a salary 100, to be made as good as in

1774, and twelve cords of wood annually; and August

4th, 1782, he \Vas here settled. Mr. Bradford was mar-

ried to Elizabeth Green, daughter of Rev. Jacob Green,

of Hanover, New Jersey, and sister of the present venera-

ble Dr. Ashbel Green, of Philadelphia, April 4th, 1776.

They had nine children, all of whom survived their fath-

er; though but four, three sons and one daughter, are

now living. At the time of Mr. Bradford's settlement

 

* Mr. Bradford was peculiar in appropriating his texts to the circum-

stances. On a journey through this region, he had stopped and

preached a Sabbath here. In the midst of the divisions then existing

about ministers in the parish, he was permitted to leave without any

arrangement being made with him for further services. After he was

gone, it was found that a very general impression was made in his

favor, and a committee was despatched. to request his immediate re-

turn. He was overtaken a hundred miles from this, and was in-

duced at once to retrace his steps, and appeared before the people on

the succeeding Sabbath with the text, Acts x. 29, "Therefore

came I unto you, without gainsaying, as soon as I was sent for; I

ask therefore for what intent ye have sent for me?" On another occa-

sion, being appointed by Presbytery to preach in a destitute and very

ungodly parish, where ministers were often insulted in the desk even,

he took, Job xxi. 3, "Suffer me that I may speak; and after that I

have spoken, mock on;" and he had a very silent and attentive au-

dience.


ADDRESS. 27

 

here, the church consisted of eighty-three members. Dur-

ing his ministry eighty-four were added; twenty-nine of

these as the fruits of a special revival, which commenced in

1800, and extended into 1801. Under the particular in-

struction of Mr. Bradford, numbers prepared for the minis-

try; and for a number of years he sustained a school here

of a high order, first in his own dwelling, and then in a

house he provided and appropriated for the purpose.

Various sermons and other productions of Mr. Bradford

were published. The inscription upon his tombstone,

which was erected by the parish, is as follows, viz. "Sa-

cred to the memory of the Rev. Ebenezer Bradford,

A. M., who departed this life January 3d, 1801, aged fifty-

five years, nineteen of which he was pastor of this church.

Possessing a mind ardent and active, and an eloquence

prompt and popular, he was distinguished fur the frequen-

cy, the fervor, and the impression of his religious dis-

courses, [insisting in them principally on the doctrines of

grace, of which he was ever a decided advocate]; of

manners conciliatory, and a mind open to persuasion.

He was, not withstanding, undaunted by opposition, reso-

lute in his temper, strong and warm in his emotions and

passions; he earnestly pressed to the accomplishment of

all his designs and undertakings. As a husband, parent,

and friend, tender, anxious, and true. As a Christian,

sincere and exemplary. As a pastor, faithful. Such

was the man whose earthly remains are here deposited,

whose labors in the vineyard of the Lord were eminently

blessed, who hath entered into his rest, and whose mem-

ory is precious."

The parish granted about $110 to defray the funeral

charges of Mr. Bradford, including $50 for suitable

attire for the family. It was during Mr. Bradford's


28 ADDRESS.

 

ministry, in 1795 and 1796, that considerable repairs

were made upon the meeting-house, and a porch built at

the south end of it, through which were stairs leading

to the gallery. About the-same time it was, that the old

practice of repeating the reading of the psalm, or hymn,

line by line by the deacon, previous to singing, after-

a severe struggle between the adherents of the ancient

and modern mode, was entirely abandoned.* Before

Mr. Bradford's death, George Jewett was appointed a

deacon. (Appendix, A. 8.) For three years after Mr.

Bradford's decease, various candidates were employed.

After hearing the Rev. David Tullar three or four

months, the church and parish voted, August 3d, 1803,

to give him a call, and proffered him a salary of $ 450;

and he was reinstalled as the seventh settled minister

here, December 7th, 1803. Mr. Tullar was born in

Simsbury, Connecticut, September 22d, 1749, graduat-

ed at Yale, 1774, ordained at Windsor, Vermont, March,

1779, and installed at Milford, Connecticut, 1784. In

accordance with the advice of a mutual council, he was

dismissed from Rowley, October 17th, 1810, after a

ministry of about seven years. During his ministry here,

twenty persons were added to the church. Subsequent-

ly he preached some months at Williamstown in this State,

and received a call to settle there; then at Bloomfield and

Leroy in New York for some seven or eight years, when

he returned to Rowley, and for a number of years supplied

the parish of Linebrook. When age and infirmity

 

* This practice of lining the psalm, or hymn, was not had amongst

our earlier forefathers; it was introduced into the worshipping assemblies

many years after the first settlement of the country. Among those

of the Plymouth colony it came first into use about 1681, more than

sixty years after their settlement.


ADDRESS. 29

 

necessitated him to discontinue his ministerial labors,

he removed to Sheffield, in this State, where he deceased

on the 23d ult., nearly at the close of his ninetieth year.

Mr. Tullar married, September 24th, 1779, Charity Fel-

lows, of Sheffield, who is still living in her eighty-second

year; they had no children. Mr. Tullar was the first

minister dismissed from this church and people from the

commencement, a period of one hundred and seventy-

one years; a decided evidence that whatever may have

occasionally existed, they have not characteristically been

given to division, strife, and change.

For about two years after Mr. Tullar's dismission, dif-

ferent candidates were employed. In 1812, James W.

Tucker received a call, and became the eighth settled

minister here. Mr. Tucker was born in Danbury, Con-

necticut, in 1787, graduated at Yale, 1807, and was or-

dained June 24th, 1812, with a settlement of $ 500, and

an annnal salary of $ 600. He married Harriet Atwater,

of New Haven; their children were four daughters, and

one son. Mr. Tucker expressed a strong desire to live,

and labor, and die with this people; but he considered

the salary of $ 600 insufficient for the support of his

growing family, and the parish being unwilling to increase

it, he asked a dismission, which took place June 24th,

1817, just five years after his settlement. Twenty-three

persons were added to the church during his ministry.

Mr. Tucker died at Springfield, New Jersey, February

11th, 1819, aged thirty-two years. Mr. Tucker was a

man of excellent spirit, sound learning, refined taste, and

devoted piety; and was highly esteemed for his many

and excellent attainments and virtues, as a Christian and

a pastor.

Soon after the dismission of Mr. Tucker, the parish

3*


30 ADDRESS.

 

gave a call to the Rev. Seth Chapin, which Mr. Chapin

accepted. A mutual council, after hearing parties,

voted that it was not expedient to proceed to his installa-

tion.

On the 21st of May, 1818, Willard Holbrook received

a call, and the proffer of a salary of $ 600, to which he

gave an affirmative answer. Mr. Holbrook, the ninth

settled minister here, and present pastor of the church,

was born in Uxbridge, Worcester County, Massachu-

setts, April 7th, 1792, graduated at Brown University in

1814, and ordained here July 22d, 1818. He married

Margaret Crocker, of Londonderry, New Hampshire,

June 22d, 1819; they have had six children. At the

time of Mr. Holbrook's settlement, the church consisted

of eighty-four members; from that period to July last,

twenty-one years, ninety-nine have been added; fifty-two

of these in four years, viz, in 1821 nine, in 1827 fourteen,

in 1830 fifteen, in 1832 fourteen. In July last, the

church consisted of ninety-five members; twenty-six only

of whom were members at the time of Mr. Holbrook's

ordination. The present officiating deacons in the church

are Joshua Jewett, appointed in 1807, and Nathaniel-

Mighill, appointed in 1828. The next year after Mr.

Holbrook's ordination, the parish repaired the meeting-

house, taking down the tall spire and building a cupola

in its stead, and underpinning the house with hewn stone,

all at the expense of about .$ 1,000.* (Appendix, A 9.)

The whole number of admissions to this church, from

its organization down to June last, excepting those who

 

* A Sabbath school is sustained by this church and parish, con-

taining about one hundred and fifty pupils, and a bible class of about

thirty; they contribute annually to benevolent objects about $ 200.


ADDRESS. 31

 

may have been admitted for about twenty-seven years, a

period including the whole of Mr. Rogers's ministry and

a part of Mr. Phillips's, of which there are no records, and

any admitted at different times when the parish has been

vacant, is estimated at eight hundred and seventy-three.

The whole number of baptisms, from 1666, about

five years after the death of Mr. Rogers, to 1782, the

time of Mr. Bradford's settlement, a period of one hun-

dred and sixteen years, is two thousand nine hltndred

and thirty. From the year 1690, the practice of bap-

tizing the children of all such as had themselves been

baptized in their infancy, and were willing to take upon

them what was denominated "the half way covenant,"

though they professedly and practically withheld their at-

tendance on the Lord's Supper, prevailed in this church.

On the settlement of Mr. Bradford, in 1782, this amazing

absurdity was abolished, and none but members in full

communion have since been permitted to bring their

children to the ordinance of baptism. The whole num-

ber baptized since this reformation is about three hundred,

making in all three thousand two hundred and thirty.

In this church, as far back as information extends, the

ordinance of the Lord's Supper has been administered

every sixth Sabbath, which has been invariably preceded

by a lecture preparatory thereto, on some day, usually

on Friday, of the previous week.

The pastors of this ancient church have all been

strictly evangelical in their sentiments and preaching.

All of them were men of unquestionable piety, and some

of them preeminently devoted to Christ and the pro-

motion of his cause.

The second church in Rowley, now Georgetown, was

organized October 4th, 1732, ninety-three years after


32 ADDRESS.

 

the organization of the first church, and about one year

after the parish was incorporated, by the signature of

eighteen males to a covenant, to which, not long after-

wards, numbers, both male and female, were added.

The Rev. James Chandler was the first pastor of this

church. Having received a call, with the proffer of

300 settlement, and 110 salary, according to the

value of money, and twenty cords of wood, he was or-

dained on the 20th October, 1732. William Fisk and

William Searle were the first deacons. Mr. Chandler

was a native of Andover, born 1706, and graduated at

Harvard, 1728. He married Mary, the daughter of the

Rev. Moses Hale, of Byfield. They had no children.

He was a man of sound doctrine, exemplary life

and conversation, dignified deportment, and greatly es-

teemed, generally, by his own people, highly respected

abroad, and very successful in his ministry. He died,

April 19th, 1789, aged eighty-three years, and in the

fifty-seventh year of his ministry, having been in office

longer, by seven or eight years, than any other minister

of the town. In-June, 1729, two years before the

church was organized, the frame of a meeting-house was

erected by proprietors, which, probably, was completed

and became the place of worship not long after. In

1769, a new meeting-house, fifty-five feet by forty, was

raised, with a steeple and porch, all in one day. This

house was dedicated, September, 1770, and the dedi-

cation sermon preached, by the eminent Rev. George

Whitefield, of England, from 1 Kings viii. 11 : "The

glory of the Lord hath filled the house of the Lord." *

 

* It is not known for certain, on what day the dedication sermon

was preached. Mr. Whitefield preached in Rowley, September 12


ADDRESS. 33

 

The funeral charges of Mr. Chandler were paid by the

parish. (Appendix, B. 1.)

After Mr. Chandler's death, this church was desti-

tute of a pastor more than eight years; and during that

period sixty-four preachers supplied, for a longer or

shorter time, three or four of whom received a call to

settle. February 14th, 1797, the parish concurred with

the church in calling the Rev. Isaac Braman, with the

proffer of 200 settlement, and 80 salary, and, con-

ditionally, an addition of 10, and ten cords of wood,

which has been somewhat increased from time to time.

Mr. Braman was born at Norton, 1770, graduated at

Harvard, 1794, ordained June 7th, 1797. He married

Hannah Palmer, of Norton, in 1797; and they had five

children, three sons and two daughters. He married

Sarah Balch, of Newburyport, in 1837.

At the commencement of Mr. Braman's ministry, there

were but twelve resident male members in the church.

Instances of special religious interest occurred among his

people in the early part of his ministry. Latterly, pre-

cious revivals have been experienced, as the fruits of

which many have been added to the church. The whole

number of additions during his ministry is two hundred

and twelve; and the whole number now in the church is

one hundred and sixty-three. The 7th of June last

 

and 13,1770, then returned to Boston. September 21, he departed

from Boston upon a tour to the eastward. On the 23d (Sabbath), he

preached in Portsmouth, and continued to preach there and in that

vicinity till the 29th, when he preached in Exeter, and rode to New-

buryport, where he arrived that evening. Sabbath morning, Septem-

ber 30, he died, about 6 o'clock. A few very aged people, now living,

heard the dedication sermon, remember the text, and say the ser-

mon was preached in the morning. It might, therefore, have been

preached on the morning of the 12th, 13th, or 22d of September.


34 ADDRESS.

 

completed forty-two years since Mr. Braman's ordina-

tion; and the 18th of October next will complete a

hundred and seven years since that of his venerable pre-

decessor. Hitherto the Lord hath smiled propitiously

upon this church and society, and their present pastor;

let goodness and mercy follow them still, and those that

come after them, to the latest posterity. The Lord's

Supper is administered in this church, and has been from

the commencement, every sixth Sabbath, with a pre-

paratory service. A Sabbath school was organized

here in 1817, which contains about two hundred and

fifty pupils. The annual donations to benevolent ob-

jects amount to $ 450. The first meeting-house bell,

was had in this parish since Mr. Braman's ministry, and

not until the autumn of 1815.* The modern mode of

singing was introduced into this parish about half a cen-

tury since. (Appendix, B. 2.)

As early as 1702, the inhabitants of Byfield, then

called "The Falls," erected a house of worship very

near the spot where the present house stands; and were,

about the same time, dismissed both from the towns and

churches of Rowley and Newbury, to which they pre-

viously belonged. The Rev. Moses Hale was their

first minister. He was born in Newbury in 1678,

graduated at Harvard, 1699, and ordained, November

17th, 1706, sixty-seven years after Mr. Rogers. Mr.

Hale's salary was regulated, from year to year, accord-

ing to the value of money. He married Elizabeth,

daughter of Richard Dummer, Esq. who died in 1703.

His second wife was Mary, daughter of Deacon William

 

* In 1816, their house of worship was extensively repaired, and

again in 1832, and enlarged in 1836.


ADDRESS. 35

 

Moody. They had two sons and four daughters. Mr.

Hale died in 1743, in his sixty-sixth year, and the thir-

ty-seventh of his ministry. The records of the church,

to Mr. Hale's death, are lost. The first meetinghouse

bell, possessed by the parish, was a donation from the

Hon. Nathaniel Byfield, about 1710, at which time, by

an act of General Court, the parish was called by

its present name, in honor of this benefactor. *

In 1744, the church and parish gave a call to the Rev.

Moses Parsons, with the offer of a salary of 250, old

tenor, and the use of the parsonage; and he became the

second minister of Byfield. He was born in Gloucester,

graduated at Harvard, 1736, ordained June 20th, 1744.

His wife was Susannah Davis. They had four sons and

one daughter. The two eldest, William and Eben,

were distinguished and wealthy merchants in Boston.

Eben presented the second bell to the parish, where he

spent the latter part of his life, and where, in his own

family tomb, his remains were deposited. His memory

is still precious; for, by means of his timely charities,

he caused the hearts of many, that were sick and in

affliction, to rejoice. Theophilus, the third son, was

the late eminent chief justice of the Supreme Court of

this Commonwealth. Mr. Parsons died, December

11th, 1783. In 1746, the early part of Mr. Parsons's

ministry, the second meeting-house was built, with

steeple and spire.

 

* Farmer, in his "Genealogical Register," says, "He was the son

of the Rev. Richard Byfield, of Long-Ditton, in Sussex, England,

and the youngest son of twenty-one children; was born in 1653, came

to Boston in 1674, was a Speaker of the House of Representatives in

1693, a Colonel, and a Judge of the Court of Common Pleas for

Bristol County. He died at Boston, 1733, aged eighty."


36 ADDRESS.

 

After about four years, the Rev. Elijah Parish be-

came the third minister of Byfield. He was born in

Lebanon Connecticut, 1762, graduated at Dartmouth,

1785, and ordained, December 20th, 1787, in the eve-

ning. On account of difficulties, the council could not

be prepared to proceed earlier; and Mr. Parish per-

petuated the remembrance of the event ever after by an

anniversary sermon. In 1796 he married Mary Hale,

daughter of Deacon Joseph Hale, of that parish. They had

five children. Dr. Parish was frequently called to

preach on public occasions; and various occasional ser-

mons of his have been printed. The Gazetteer of the

Eastern Continent, and the History of New England,

were the joint works of Dr. Parish, and the late Dr.

Morse of Charlestown. Modern Geography, and the

Bible Gazetteer are works of his own. Since his death,

a volume of twenty sermons has been published.

He died, October 15tb, 1825, aged sixty-three years,

and in the thirty-eighth of his ministry.

The Rev. Isaac R. Barbour, the fourth minister, was

born at Bridport, Vermont, 1794, graduated at Middle-

bury, 1819, installed December 20th, 1827, and dis-

missed in 1833. Just before Mr. Barbour's dismission,

the meeting-house was destroyed by fire, whether by

design or not is unknown. Another house was imme-

diately erected, sixty-two by forty-five feet, and dedi-

cated on the 7th of November of the same year; and a bell

was purchased in the place of that destroyed by the fire.

The Rev. Henry Durant, the fifth and present min-

ister, was born at Acton, Massachusetts, June 18th,

1802, graduated at Yale, where he was four years Tu-

tor, in 1827, and ordained, December 25th, 1833.

His salary is $ 500, and use of parsonage, valued at


ADDRESS 37

 

$100. This church now consists of one hundred and

forty-three members, which, with the society, usually

contribute about $150 a year for benevolent objects.

A Sabbath school is sustained, numbering about one

hundred scholars. (Appendix, C. 1.)

Linebrook parish is constituted of inhabitants of Row-

ley and Ipswich. November 15, 1749, a church was

organized there by the signature of sixteen males to a

covenant. This was on the same day of the ordination

of their first minister, the Rev. George Lesslie, and pre-

paratory to it. Mr. Lesslie was the son of the Rev.

James Lesslie, who came from Scotland, and settled at

Topsfield, when George was about two years old.

George graduated at Harvard in 1748, and preached in

Linebrook, during a year, previous to his settlement.

He was dismissed, November 30, 1779, and, in 1780,

was installed at Washington, New Hampshire, where he

died in 1800, aged seventy-two. He married Hepzi-

bah, daughter of Deacon Jonathan Burpee, of his own

parish; and they had eight children, six of whom were

sons. Mr. Lesslie fitted numbers for college and for

the ministry. He possessed a powerful intellect, was

an eminent scholar, and a pious and useful minister.

(Appendix, D. 1.)

The Rev. Gilbert Tennent Williams was their second

minister. He was son of the Rev. Simon Williams,

of Windham, New Hampshire, was born, in 1761, at

Fogg's Manor, New Jersey, graduated at Dartmouth,

1784, and ordained, 1789. He was dismissed in 1813,

after a ministry of twenty-five years. In 1814 he was

installed over the second church in Newbury, which he

left in 1821, and died at Framingham in 1824, aged

sixty-three. (Appendix, D. 2.)

4
38 ADDRESS.

 

From 1823 to 1830, this parish was supplied by the

Rev. David Tullar, the seventh minister of Rowley.

During the seven years of his ministry there, he was in-

strumental of gathering a scattered flock, and adding

numbers to the church, and thus preserved them from

threatened extinction. When Mr. Tullar commenced

his labors there, the church consisted of two female

members. In 1833, there were thirty-four members,

fourteen of them males. After Mr. Tullar, they had

the labors, for several years, of the Rev. Moses Welsh.

Mr. Francis Welsh is now with them. Though few in

number, they are now united, and for years past have

enjoyed the presence and blessing of the Most High.

The first meeting-house in this parish was erected within

the limits of Rowley in 1744, five years previous to the

settlement of the first minister, but was not finished till

1747. It was removed and rebuilt, where it now stands,

within the bounds of Ipswich, in 1828. A Sabbath

school is sustained in this parish.

As early as 1754, individuals in the second church of

Rowley became dissatisfied with the preaching of their

pastor, and withdrew from the ordinances, and ultimately

from the church, and with others, principally from

Rowley, Bradford, and Newbury, sustained worship by

themselves. In 1769, they purchased the old meeting-

house of the second parish, and rebuilt it within the

limits of Bradford, where they had worship, part of

each year, for several successive years, though they

never had a settled minister. These "Separatists," as

they styled themselves, did not at first profess to be of

a different denomination from those they had left, but

eventually they embraced the sentiments of the Baptists;

and this is the origin of the first Baptist church and so-


ADDRESS 39

 

ciety in the bounds of ancient Rowley. In 1781, they

unanimously agreed to become a branch of the Baptist

church at Haverhlll, on certain specified conditions, and

were accepted and organized as such. Samuel Harri-

man, who had previously become a member of the Ha-

verhill Baptist church, and who was, doubtless, the first

person of the town of Rowley, who became a professed

member of this denomination, was appointed elder of

this branch. In 1782, their meeting-house was taken

down, and rebuilt in Rowley, now Georgetown; and

in 1785, this branch, by petition, was set off as a dis-

tinct church. At this time the church consisted of

thirty-six: members; and Elder William Ewing became

their pastor, who was dismissed in 1789. The same

year Elder Abijah Crossman became their pastor, and

was dismissed in 1793. In 1797, Elder Shubal Lovell

became their pastor, and continued thirteen years, when

he was dismissed. They then had Elder J. Converse,

who was dismissed in 1818. In 1819, Elder Simeon

Chamberlin commenced pastoral labor with them, and was

dismissed in 1826. The same year, Elder Ezra Will-

marth became their pastor, and was dismissed in 1834.

In 1836, the Rev. John Burden was ordained, and is now

in office. In 1829, this society built a new meeting-

house on their parsonage, forty-five by thirty-five, at the

expense of $ 1,700. In 1837, this house was removed

nearly half a mile, to a more desirable location. The so-

ciety has a parsonage farm of about sixty acres, given by

Elder Samuel Harriman, and Samuel and Benjamin Plum-

mer. At the first of August last, the church consisted of

one hundred and fifteen members. They raise about

$ 20 for benevolent objects, and have a Sabbath school of

about one hundred and fifty pupils. ( Appendix, E. 1.)


 

40 ADDRESS.

 

The second Baptist church, being in the old parish

that was, became organized November 17th, 1830, con-

sisting of twelve members, most of them from the first

Baptist church. The present number of members is

thirty-five. From 1831 to the present time, the Rev.

Caleb Clark, Dr. Chaplin, George Keely, and Benja-

min C. Grafton, supplied this church and society, with

salaries varying from $ 300 to .$ 425. For fourteen

years previous to 1830, the society worshipping with

this church had public services usually in a neighbouring

hall. But in 1830, they built a commodious house of

worship, fifty feet by thirty-five, at the expense of

$ 2,000, which was dedicated the same year. In this

society the Sabbath school has been in operation about

eight years, and numbers about sixty pupils. For be-

nevolent purposes they pay about $ 50 annually. (Ap-

pendix, F. 1.)

The first Universalist society in Rowley, now George-

town, was organized in 1829. Fifty-nine males, belong-

ing to Georgetown and vicinity, have become members

by signing their constitution. In 1834, they built a

meeting-house, forty-five by thirty-five, at a cost of more

than $ 2,000, where they have usually had preaching

every other Sabbath, at the expense of about $ 200 an-

nually. Some years since a Sabbath school was estab-

lished in this society; but it has not been sustained.

Bradford, first called Merrimack, was settled while

yet a part of ancient Rowley. As early as 1669, the

inhabitants erected a house of worship, and settled for

their first minister the Rev. Zechariah Symms, son of

the second minister of the same name in Charlestown,

who came from England in 1634, and was an intimate

friend of Ezekiel Rogers. The son was born at Charles-


ADDRESS. 41

 

town in 1637, graduated at Harvard, 1657, ordained,

December 27th, 1682, at Bradford, where he had pre-

viously preached fourteen years. He died there in 1708,

aged seventy-one.

His son, Thomas, was the second minister. He was

born at Bradford, 1678, graduated at Harvard, 1698,

and installed 1708, where he died, in 1725, in his forty-

eighth year.

The Rev. Joseph Parsons was the third minister.

He was born at Brookfield, Massachusetts, 1702, gradu-

ated at Harvard, 1720, ordained 1726, and died in

1765, aged sixty-three.

The Rev. Samuel Williams, LL. D., the fourth min-

ister, was born at Waltham, 1743, graduated at Harvard,

1761, ordained 1765, dismissed 1780. He left his

people to become Professor of Mathematics in Harvard

College. He died in 1817, in his seventy-fifth year, at

Rutland, Vermont, of which State he wrote a valuable

history.

The Rev. Jonathan Allen, the fifth minister, was born

at Braintree, 1749, graduated at Harvard, 1774, ordained

1781, and died in 1827, aged seventy-eight.

The Rev. Ira Ingraham, the sixth minister, was born

at Cornwall, Vermont, about 1796, graduated at Middle-

bury, Vermont, 1815, installed 1824, and dismissed in

1830; he had previously been settled at Orwell, and at

Brandon, Vermont.

The Rev. Loammi Ives Hoadly, the seventh minister

of Bradford, was born at Norfolk, Connecticut, graduated

at Yale, 1817, installed 1830, and dismissed in 1833; he

had before been settled at Worcester.

The Rev. Moses Coleman Searle, the eighth minister,

was born at Rowley, 1797, graduated at Princeton, 1821,

4*


42 ADDRESS.

 

installed, 1833, and dismissed in 1834 ; he had been pre-

viously ordained at Grafton.

The Rev. Nathan Munroe, the ninth and present

minister, was born at Minot, Maine, 1804, graduated at

Bowdoin, 1830, and ordained February 10th, 1836.

The church at Bradford was organized 1682, at the

time of the settlement of their first minister; there are

now one hundred and seventy-three members belonging

to it. A Sabbath school and bible class are sustained

there, having about two hundred and fifty pupils; and

about $ 300 annually are contributed to objects of be-

nevolence. (Appendix, G. 1.)

The second church in Bradford was organized in

1727, and the Rev. William Balch was ordained at the

same time as their first pastor. He was born in Beverly,

in 1704, graduated at Harvard, 1724, and died January

12th, 1792, aged eighty-eight.

The Rev. Ebenezer Dutch, the second minister, was

born at Ipswich, 1751, graduated at Brown, 1776, or-

dained colleague with Mr. Balch, 1779, and died, 1813,

aged sixty-two.

The Rev. Gardner Braman Perry, the third minister,

and now in office, was born at Norton, Massachusetts,

1783, graduated at Union, 1804, and ordained Seprem-

ber 28th, 1814; Mr. Perry was previously a Tutor two

years at Union. This church now consists of about two

hundred members; the Sabbath school and bible class

have about two hundred pupils; their contribution to

benevolent objects annually amounts to $ 125. (Ap-

pendix, G. 2.)

In 1831, a Methodist church was organized in Brad-

ford; in 1833, they built a meeting-house and formed a

regular society. The Rev. William Ramsdell is their


ADDRESS. 43

 

present preacher. The church consists of about fifty

members. They have a Sabbath school of fifty scholars;

and contribute to benevolent objects about $ 25 annually.

The first church was organized in Boxford, which was

originally a part of Rowley, in 1702; and Thomas

Symms, afterwards minister of Bradford, was their first

pastor. He was ordained, 1702, and dismissed in 1708.

The Rev. John Rogers, the second minister of Box-

ford, was born at Salem, graduated at Harvard, 1705,

ordained 1709, dismissed 1743, and died at his son's, in

Leominster, 1755.

The Rev. Elizur Holyoke, the third minister, was

born at Boston, May 11, 1731, graduated at Harvard,

1750, ordained, January 30, 1759, and died, 1806, aged

seventy-five.

The Rev. Isaac Briggs, the fourth minister, was born

at Halifax, about 1775, graduated at Brown, 1795, in-

stalled September 28, 1808, and dismissed 1833; he

had previously been settled at York, in Maine.

The Rev. John Whitney, the fifth minister, was born

at Harvard, graduated at Amherst, 1831, ordained Oc-

tober 15,1834, and dismissed, 1837.

The Rev. William S. Coggin, the sixth minister, and

now in office, is the son of the Rev. Jacob Coggin of

Tewksbury, where William was born November 27,

1813; he was graduated at Dartmouth, 1834, and ordained

May 9th, 1838.

This church consists of fifty-four members, and their

Sabbath school of about one hundred and fifty scholars;

and their annual contributions to benevolent objects

amount to about $ 100. ( Appendix, H. 1.)

The second church in Boxford was organized De-

cember 9th, 1736; consisting of thirty-six members.


44 ADDRESS.

 

The Rev. John Cushing, the first minister, was born at

Salisbury, 1709, graduated at Harvard, 1729, ordained

December 9, 1736, and died January 25, 1772, aged

sixty-three.

The Rev. Moses Hale, the second minister, was born

in Newbury, 1748, graduated at Harvard, 1771, ordained

November 16, 1774, and died May .26, 1786, aged

thirty-eight.

The Rev. Peter Eaton, D.D., the third and present

minister, in the second parish in Boxford, was born at

Haverhill, March 15th, 1766, graduated at Harvard, 1787,

and ordained October 7th, 1789. The Rev. Dr. Eaton

is now the oldest minister in the county, being in his

seventy-fourth year; and has been longer in the ministry

than anyone now in office, having nearly completed half

a century; may his sun set without a cloud. (Ap-

pendix, H. .2.)

In the eleven churches whose history has been given,

there have been, including those now in office, in the

first parish nine pastors; in the second two; in the first

Baptist eight; in Byfield five; in Linebrook two; in

Bradford, first parish, nine; in second parish three; in

Boxford, first parish, six; in second parish three; in all

forty seven pastors. All those of the congregational

churches, thirty-nine in number, received a collegiate

education, and much the greater part of them at Harvard.

These eleven churches have, at the present time, more

than nine hundred members among a population of about

six thousand. Their annual contributions to benevolent

objects, in connexion with their respective societies,

amount to about fourteen hundred dollars; and they have

under Sabbath school instruction more than thirteen hun-

dred pupils. Of the seventy-one persons from this town


ADDRESS. 45

 

who have had a public education, including Georgetown

and Bradford, forty-seven have entered the ministry; and

there are others now looking forward to the same im-

portant work.

Some years since temperance societies, on the principle

of total abstinence from the use of ardent spirits, were

formed here and in Georgetown; with which, it is esti-

mated, a majority of the inhabitants, including females

and minors, are now connected.

The number of deaths in Rowley during the first

century after the settlement of the town, according to the

records, which do not by any means include all, was

1,025 ; during the second century, the number was 2,545,

making in all 3,570. Of the 2,545 who died in the second

century, and whose ages only are recorded, seventy-two

were over ninety; and four arrived to a hundred years

and upwards. Duncan Stewart, a ship-carpenter, died

in 1717, aged one hundred. Dr. David Bennet, died

in 1718, aged one hundred and three. Widow Sarah

Hayden died in 1729, aged one hundred and three.

Widow Anna Grant died 1801, aged one hundred and

five years.

Years and generations cease not to roll. The young-

est, if they live, must be old ; an~ the oldest must die."

The days of Methuselah were nine hundred sixty and

nine years, and he died." "Blessed are the dead who

die in the Lord."

There is neither time nor strength on my part, nor, I

apprehend, patience on yours, for the many interesting

thoughts, which, in view of the preceding, now press

for utterance; bear with me, however, a few minutes

longer, and I will close.

While we review with genuine gratitude the distin-


46 ADDRESS.

 

guishing favors of heaven towards our ancestors, and,

through them, to us, we ought to feel deeply our obliga-

tion to make the grand object for which they subjected

themselves to privations, sufferings, and toils, our grand

object also. Probably no providential dispensations to-

ward any people on earth, if we except the Israelites,

are so great and wonderful as those manifested towards

our Puritan fathers. They saw the hand of God in them

and gave Him the glory. And should not we, who are

now so richly enjoying the fruits of their sacrifices and la-

bors, should not we to-day call upon our soul and all

that is within us to bless and praise the Lord? But our

gratitude should not be in emotions and words only.

True gratitude will prompt us to act; prompt us to labor

and make sacrifices to perpetuate the blessings so dearly

procured, and hand them down unimpaired to latest pos-

terity. It was not, be it understood by us and by every

future generation in all coming time, it was not a natural-

ly discontented, restless, roving disposition, nor a thirst

for worldly gain, nor the desire of civil liberty even, that

urged our ancestors, aged and young, females as well as

males, from kindred, and friends, and many precious en-

dearments of life, across the untried Atlantic, to sit down

on these desolate and uncultivated shores. No; but the

chief end was the enjoyment and promotion of true reli-

gion, according to the doctrines and order of the Bible.

The poet has well expressed it.

"There were men with hoary hair,

Amidst the pilgrim band:

Why had they come to wither here,

Away from their childhood's land?

There was woman's fearless eye,

Lit by her deep love's truth;


ADDRESS. 47

 

There was manhood's brow serenely high,

And the fiery heart of youth.

What sought they thus afar?

Bright jewels of the mine?

The wealth of seas, the spoils of war?

They sought a faith's pure shrine "

And should not this, at every necessary expense and

labor, be our grand object, both for ourselves and our

posterity? Let me not be misunderstood? It is not to

anyone particular sect I say this, but to all. As it

would be sinful to desire, and vain to expect, the extinc-

tion of anyone denomination of real Christians, so it

is idle in the extreme, I apprehend, to look for the amal-

gamation of all denominations into one. It may be God

has permitted, as one has well said, some varying winds

of opinion to move upon the face of the deep, to main-

tain motion, purity, and life. But all jealousies and col-

lisions should cease, and all together, each in their own

mode, seek to promote the same grand object, the per-

petuity of true religion, and its hallowed institutions.

Here is work for all and room for all, and should any be

indifferent, or idle, or stinted, in their efforts? My

friends, for what would you part to-day with your relig-

ious institutions, and all their blessed influence on the

present and eternal existence of yourselves, your families;

and kindred? Can you name a price? And is any

thing too much to do, that you may have them continued

unimpaired? And will they not be as valuable to your

posterity, as they are to yourselves? Then, as your an-

cestors acted for you as well as for themselves, so should

you for myriads yet unborn. And permit me to remind

you, that the most efficient method of promoting the de-

sired object is the maintenance of a regular and perma-

nent ministry.


48 ADDRESS.

 

Without the ministry, religion and its institutions can-

not be upheld, for so has God ordained; and as he has

made use of the ministry, preeminently, in the accom-

plishment of his purposes of mercy towards men, in pre-

ceding ages, so he will continue to do to the end of time.

To say nothing of the divinely inspired Apostles, and the

primitive preachers of the Gospel, who, I ask, were

the chief instruments of the mighty reformation from

popery, and of translating the Scriptures and giving them

to the people in their own tongue? Who have been the

principal defenders of Christianity and its institutions from

the ruthless attacks of infidels, and poured out a flood of

religious instruction, by the printed page, to enlighten,

guide, and savingly benefit both old and young? To

whom, under God, do we owe the origin of the various

benevolent enterprises of the day, and plans for reforma-

tion, and their successful advancement? Need I tell you

it is to ministers? To what extent are the irreligious

found to be convinced of sin and converted truly to God,

and Christians carried forward in the divine life, without

the Christian minister? Indeed, where do good morals

flourish, where is learning patronized, where do civiliza-

tion and civil liberty smile on degraded man, and the

Christian ministry has no part in it? Who in fact were

more instrumental in settling New England, and rearing

our precious institutions of religion, learning, and liberty,

and who more efficient in sustaining them, than ministers?

Am I charged with boasting? I repel the charge; I do

but justly magnify the office.* The ministry, I say, to

* Do you object, and say, the ministry is corrupt? That there are

defections, sad, awful, soul-rending, in the ministry of all denomina-

tions, I acknowledge with unutterable grief; and also that when a

minister of the holy religion of Jesus proves recreant to his high


ADDRESS. 49

 

be most efficacious should be regular and permanent.

The first parish in this town had the ministrations of the

gospel without interruption one hundred and thirty-five

years, and for two whole centuries, have been without a

settled pastor but fourteen years. The second parish

have been destitute but eight years out of one hundred

and seven. And is it necessary to stop to recount the

beneficial results to the people, both for this world and

the next? Examples of the sad consequences of the

want of a regular gospel ministry are many in our country,

but just look at those arising from this source among this

people, the next eight years after Mr.' Jewett's decease,

when the notorious Blydenburgh took a part so con-

spicuous, during which division and strife abounded,

and but a very small number \vas added to the church!

Does not this speak volumes in favor of a regular and

permanent ministry? In what eight years of any man's

ministry in this town, either before or since, has there

been such a destitution of good fruits? Indeed, with

what church in all New England, that was regularly sup-

plied, have eight years passed away with so few additions;

discord, and strife, and demoralizing influences innumera-

ble, out of the question? Depend upon it, a church and

society are, ordinarily, in lamentable circumstances, for

the time being, when contenting themselves with an

 

trust, it is as when an armour-bearer falleth. But in what age of

the church have there not been defections in the ministry, not, ex-

cepting that of the Apostles themselves? What then? Let Judas be

branded as a traitor, and Peter too, till he repents; but let not the

other Apostles, and our blessed Lord himself, come under condem-

nation for their faults; let it not be denied, that the ministry is still

preeminently useful, and will be, in proportion as all who are in it are

holy and devoted as ministers should be.

5


50 ADDRESS.

 

irregular and unsettled ministry; and in a fair way even-

tually to be utterly broken down ,and scattered, and to

entail upon those who come after them a degradation

little inferior to that of the heathen. But be not satisfied

with a regular and permanent ministry even; if you

would have all the benefits such a ministry is calculated

to convey, give it an ample support.

This is needful to make the ministry permanent. An-

cienty, the ministers lived and died with their people.

They were amply provided for; so that it was unnecessa-

ry to change for the sake of an income; and hence could

devote their time to study and the peculiar duties of

their office, become eminent scholars and divines, and

exert an influence, which, to this day even, is prover-

bial. A similar course, now, would produce nearly

similar results. Rowley has done well in this matter,

and ,was amply remunerated. The ministers were fully

supported; and it was not till the expiration of one hun-

dred and seventy-one years, that a single pastor was

dismissed in the old parish; and in the second parish

there bas been no dismission for one hundred and seven

years. The ministers, it was said, were fully supported.

This, relative to those of the first parish at least, is evi-

dent, from the amount of property left at their decease.

Mr. Rogers's estate was appraised at 1,535; Mr.

Phillips's at 989 ; Mr. Shepard's at 515 ; Mr. Pay-

son's at .2,580; Mr. Jewett's between 3,000 and

4,000; Mr. Bradford's at $ 4,6.26. Now, however

they may have obtained this property, they had it, and

the benefit of it ; and whatever was then its value, it is

evident, they and their families were amply provided for.

But many ministers, of a later day, have left, at their

death, not as many pence as they did pounds. Look


ADDRESS. 51

 

abroad, and you will find in almost, if not quite, all the

counties in this Commonwealth, widows and families of

deceased ministers, who, were it not for some small do-

nations from funds designed for their use, would be ex-

ceedingly straitened for a comfortable livelihood. In

years that are gone by, a settlement was usually given

to ministers; now very seldom. Then a farm was had;

now a garden is not always attainable. Then the salary

was graduated according to the value of money; now it

is a fixed sum, worth little or much. Then the neces-

saries of life were much less expensive than now, and

the calls for aid to benevolent objects were comparative-

ly few; now they are so numerous, that few ministers

can fulfil the Apostolic injunction, "Be thou an ex-

ample of the believers -- in charity." Then ministers

had less labor and more aid than now. Mr. Rogers had

the assistance of Mr. Miller and Mr. Brock in the com-

mencement of his ministry; and when he established a

lecture once a fortnight, he applied for a colleague and

had one; and so had his successors down to the fifth

minister; but now a minister must do his work alone,

greatly increased as it is. Then ministers had time to

improve advantages for increasing the means of support,

without curtailing their official labors [Mr. Payson and

Mr. Bradford had schools] ; but now they must have

two, perhaps three, services upon the Sabbath, and as

many more during the week, attend concerts and con-

ferences at home, and anniversaries and other meetings

abroad, so that, if the complaints of churches and par-

ishes would not deter them from attention to other con-

cerns to increase their means of support, and were it

expedient to employ them, yet they would be prevented

for want of time and strength. I do not mean, that min-


52 ADDRESS.

 

isters should be rich, nor do I believe it best they should

be poor. I am well a\ware, that this is a subject, which

may be thought not very suitable for ministers themselves

to present; but I do not blush at all to urge it even.

For, although it is true, that "so hath the Lord ordained,

that they which preach the gospel should live of the

gospel," yet it is not for ministers, on their own account,

that I plead, for, rich or poor, if they have the spirit of

their divine Master, they will feel, that they must preach

the gospel; that" necessity is laid upon them, and woe

is unto them, if they preach not the gospel." But it is

not best for a church and people, that their minister

should be poor; and hence it is, that I shamelessly con-

tend for their ample support. They, who unduly stint

their minister, stint themselves. If they "sow sparing-

ly, they reap also sparingly." Their ministry thus be-

comes irregular and changeable. They usually obtain

less able men, and sadly cramp and palsy the energies

of him they have; and, besides, my friends, there is a

manifest injustice in the matter, upon which indignant

Heaven usually frowns. But, it may be asked, what is

included in an ample support. I can now answer no

better than in the words of a late minister: "Your

minister should be furnished with a comfortable habita-

tion, with food and decent apparel. He must be able

to educate his children. He must have books. He

must be an example of liberality. He ought, occasional-

ly, to travel for health and improvement; and he ought

to lay up something for his wife and children in antici-

pation of his own decease." If, then, you would per-

petuate the inestimable blessings of gospel institutions,

for which the fathers suffered and toiled, make them ob-

jects of your chief regard; and to this end maintain a

regular and permanent ministry, and maintain it well.


ADDRESS. 53

 

Nor be satisfied with giving a mere pecuniary support.

A minister, co do you the greatest amount of good,

needs a better support than this. With a due propor-

tion of your property, he needs your faithful attendance,

with your families, on all his ministrations; he needs,

also, union among yourselves, and a cordial cooperation

in all his efforts to do good; and he needs your unceasing,

fervent prayers to God, without whose spirit, a Paul,

or Apollos, or a Gabriel even, might labor in vain, and

spend his strength for nought. Let these things be duly

regarded in all the parishes, and religion will flourish

among you and around you; future generations will rise

up and call you blessed, as you do this day your fore-

fathers; and the salutary influence of religious institu-

tions, through your instrumentality, will flow down here

for ages and centuries to come, yea, to latest posterity.

Having once more, after fourteen years' absence, visit-

ed this my native place, and fulfilled the appointment

with which I have been honored, according to the means

of information afforded me, my measure of health, op-

portunity, and ability; having again looked around upon

the places and objects familiar to my childhood and

youth, and united with acquaintance and friends in cele-

brating this interesting day; and being now admonished,

by the increase of years and the decays of nature, that I

shall never walk these streets, nor gratify my eyes with

these scenes again, I am constrained, in anticipation of

the close of my present visit, to bid them all a solemn

adieu.

This hill of youthful science, the site of the village

school where I was taught the rudiments of knowledge,

farewell. Hills, and dales, and brooks, and fields, and

groves, endeared by a thousand fond recollections, fare-

5*


54 ADDRESS.

 

well. Mansion of my birth, the once happy home of

father and mother, brothers and sisters, most of whom

have now a mansion in the grave, farewell. This sacred

desk, where, from the lips of an honored father and

other servants of God, I have often heard the truth;

that family-seat, this ancient house, in which I have

listened, trembled, and resolved, farewell. Surviving

companions of my childhood and youth, and aged fathers

and mothers, my parents' remaining friends and mine,

farewell. Yonder graves of parents, honored and be-

loved, around you I linger, but to you, also, I must say,

farewell. Respected friends, till our arrival, through

rich grace in Christ Jesus, in that world where years

and centuries of years shall cease to roll, and all the

myriads of the redeemed of every generation shall meet

to trace the history of God's providence, and everlast-

ingly celebrate his wonders of love to the children of

men; till then, farewell, farewell. There, blessed be

God, there, during the countless ages of eternity, will

there be no more occasion to say, farewell.


APPENDIX TO THE ADDRESS.

 

A. 1.

THE first mention of Mr. Rogers, after he came to this

country, which has been transmitted to us, is, that he ap-

peared before Mr. Wilson's church of Boston, in the year

1638, 10 mo. 2 day, and requested, for himself and for

his people, the liberty of partaking of the Lord's Sup-

per with them, and did first impart his desire to the elders,

and having given them satisfaction, they acquainted the

church with it, and before the sacrament, being called forth

by the elders, he spoke to this effect, viz. that he and his

company, (viz. divers families who came over with him this

summer,) bad, or a good time, withdrawn themselves from

the church communion of England, on account of the many

corruptions that are among them. But, first, he desired,

that he might not be misunderstood, as if he did condemn

all there; for he did acknowledge a special presence of God

there; in three things. 1st. In the soundness of doctrine

in all fundamental truths. 2d. In the excellency of minis-

terial gifts. 3d. In the blessing of God upon the same,

for the work of conversion, and for the power of religion;

in all which, there appeared more in England than in all

the known world besides. Yet there are such corruptions,

that we could not, with safe conscience, join any longer

with them. The first, their national church. Second, their

hierarchy, wholly antichristian. Third, their dead service.


56 APPENDIX

 

Fourth, their receiving (nay compelling) all to partake of

the seals. Fifth, their abuse of excommunications wherein

they inwrap many a godly minister, by causing him to

pronounce their sentence, &c., they not knowing, that the

fear of excommunication lies in that. Hereupon they be-

wailed before the Lord their sinful partaking so long in

those corruptions, and entered a covenant together, to walk

together in all the ordinances, &c. --Winthrop.

1643. 3 mo. 10 day. Mr. Rogers preached the Elec-

tion Sermon, in which he described how the man ought to

be qualified whom they should choose for Governour, dis-

suading them earnestly from choosing the same man twice

together, and expressed his dislike of that, with such ve-

hemency as gave offence. But when it came to trial, the

former Governour ( Mr. Winthrop) was chosen again.

1647. 8 mo. 4 day. The Synod began at Cambridge.

The next day Mr. Rogers preached in the forenoon, and

the magistrates and deputies were present. In this sermon

he took occasion to speak of the petitioners,* (then in ques-

tion before the Court,) and exhorted the Court to do justice

upon them, yet with desire or favor to such as had been

drawn in, &c., and should submit. He reproved also the

practice of private members making speeches in the church

assemblies, to the disturbance and hindrance of the ordi-

dances, also the call for reviving the ancient practice in

England, of children asking their parents' blessing upon

their knees, &c. Also, he reproved the great oppressions in

the country, &c., and other things amiss, as long hair, &c.

Divers were offended at his zeal in some of these pas-

sages. --Winthrop.

The following is a copy of a letter written by Mr. Rogers,

 

* Referring to the petition of Mr. Peter Hubbard [or Hobart], of

Bingham, and others, sent to England. --Hutchinson's History of

Massachusetts.


TO THE ADDRESS. 57

 

with his left hand, to the Rev. Zechariah Symms, minis-

ter of Charlestown,

Under date of the "6th of the 12th. month., 1657.

" DEAR BROTH ER,

"Though I have now done my errand in the other pa-

per,* yet methinks I am not satisfied to leave you so sud-

denly, so barely. Let us hear from you, I pray you. Doth

your ministry go on comfortably? Find you fruit of your

labors? Are new converts brought in? Do your children

and family grow more godly? I find greatest trouble and

grief about the rising generation. Young people are little

stirred here; but they strengthen one another in evil, by ex-

ample, by council. Much ado I have with my own family;

hard to get a servant that is glad of catechising, or family

duties. I had a rare blessing of servants in Yorkshire;

and those I brought over were a blessing; but the young

brood doth much afflict me. Even the children of the god-

ly, here and elsewhere, make a woful proof, so that I

tremble to think what will become of this glorious work

that we have begun, when the ancients shall be gathered

unto their fathers; I fear grace and blessing will die with

them, if the Lord do not show some signs of displeasure,

even in our days. We grow worldly everywhere; me-

thinks I see little godliness, but all in a hurry about the

world; everyone for himself; little care of public or com-

mon good. It hath been God's way, not to send sweeping,

judgments when the chief magistrates are godly, and grow

more so. I beseech all the Bay ministers to call earnestly

upon magistrates, (that are often among them,) tell them,

that their godliness will be our protection. If they fail, I

shall fear some sweeping judgments shortly; the clouds

seem to be gathering.

"I am hastening home, and grow very asthmatical and

 

* Another letter on business (no doubt), which accompanied this.


58 APPENDIX

 

short-breathed. Oh! that I might see some signs of good

to the generations following to send me away rejoicing!

Thus I could weary you and myself, and my left hand; but

I break off suddenly. O good brother, I thank God, I am

near home; and you, too, are not far off. Oh! the weight

of glory, that is ready waiting for us, God's poor exiles!

We shall sit next the martyrs and confessors. Oh, the

embraces, wherewith Christ will embrace us! Cheer up

your spirits in the thoughts thereof; and let us be zealous

for our God and Christ, and make a conclusion. Now the

Lord bring us well through our poor pilgrimage.

" Your affectionate brother,

"EZEKIEL ROGERS."

EPITAPH.

A Resurrection to Immortality

is here expected,

for what was mortal

of the Reverend

EZEKIEL ROGERS,

Put off January 23., 1660.

When preachers die, what rules the pulpit gave

Of living, are still preached from the grave.

The faith and life, which your dead pastor taught,

Now in one grave with him, Sirs, bury not.

Abi, Viator.

A Mortuo disce vivere ut Moriturus ;

E Terris disce cogitare de Coelis.

-- Mather, Magnalia.

 

The Rev. Ezekiel Rogers's Will.

I, Ezekie] Rogers, born at Wethersfield, in Essex, in

Old England, now of Rowley, in Essex, in New England,

being at this time of good memory and competent health,

through God's mercy; yet not knowing when the Lord may


TO THE ADDRESS. 59

 

be pleased to put an end to this pilgrimage; do ordain and

make this my last will and testament. And first I will and

desire everlasting praises be given to the one holy God in

Jesus Christ, as for all his mercies to "which are innu-

merable, so for these three special blessings. First, for

my nurture and education under such a father, Mr. Richard

Rogers, in catechism and knowledge of the holy Scrip-

tures, the want whereof I see to be the main cause of the

errors of the times. Secondly, that whereas till I was about

twenty years of age I made but ill use of my knowledge,

but lived in a formal profession of the religion, the Lord

was pleased, by occasion of a sore sickness which was

like to be death, to make me to see the worth and need

of Christ, and to take such hold of him as that I could

never let him go to this hour, whereby I am now encour-

aged to bequeath and commit my soul into his hands who

hath redeemed it, and my body to the earth; since he will

give me, with these very eyes, to see my Redeemer. Third-

ly, for my calling, even to be a minister of the gospel, the

most glorious calling in the world, which the Lord brought

[me] into, not without difficulty, for my [day] being in the

time of the hottest persecution of that bloody hierarchy, and

being enlightened concerning the evil and snare of sub-

scription and ceremonies, I was advised to give over the

thought of the ministry, and to betake myself to the study

and practice of physic, but the Lord mercifully prevented

that; for though it be a good and necessary culling, I have

observed, that the most, through their own corruption, have

made it to themselves the very temptation to covetousness

or lust, or both; I therefore chose rather to lie hid about a

dozen years, ill an honorable family, exercising myself in

ministerial duties for about a dozen years after my leaving

the University. Then the Lord gave me a call to a public

charge at Rowley, in Yorkshire, where, by the gentleness

of Toby Mathew, I was favored both for subscription and


60 APPENDIX

 

ceremonies, and enjoyed my liberty in the ministry about

seventeen years in comfortable sort, till for refusing to

read that accursed book that allowed sports on God's holy

Sabbath, or Lord's day, I was suspended, and, by it and

other sad signs of the times, driven, with many of my hear-

ers, into New England, where I have lived in my pastoral

office about [twenty-one] years, with much rest and comfort,

believing the way of the churches here to be according to

the present light that God hath given, the purest in the

whole world. Now age and infirmities calling upon me to

look daily for my change. I profess myself to have lived

and to die an unfeigned hater of all the base opinions of

the Anabaptists, and Antinomians, and all other phrenetics,

dolays of the times, that spring from thence, which God will,

ere long, cause to be as dung on the earth. I do also pro-

test against all the evil fashions and guises of this age, both

in apparel and that general disguisment of long ruffian-like

hair, a custom most generally taken lip at that time, when

the grave and modest wearing of hair was a part of the

reproach of Christ, as appears by the term of round heads,

and was carried on with a high hand, notwithstanding the

known offence of so many godly persons, and without pub-

lic expression of their reasons for any such liberty taken.

As for my estate, I will and dispose thereof as followeth.

First, I do bequeath and give to my well-beloved wife,

Mary Rogers, my dwelling-house, barn, and all the out-

houses, also, my orchard, gardens, and the yards belong-

ing and pasturage adjoining to the orchard on both sides

of the brook, also the hemp-yard, also the upper house-lot

on the other side of the highway, with all the land and

horse pasture adjoining to the same land; I give her also

six acres of arable land, by the house of Ezekiel Northend,

and my part of the warehouse pasture; also, I give her

hay-ground, salt and fresh, so much as my overseers shall

judge sufficient to afford one year with another, thirty loads


TO THE ADDRESS. 61

of hay, and where she will choose it, and all this only for

her natural life. Also I give to my said wife all my goods,

household-stuff, cattle, corn, and all my stock whatsoever.

I give to my loving nephew, Mr. Samuel Stone, of Con-

necticut, thirty pounds.

I give to my cousin, his son John, ten pounds.

I give to my dear brother and fellow-officer, Mr. Phil-

lips, five pounds, and Aquinas his works in folio.

I give to my sometime servant, Elizabeth Jenney, alias

Parrot, ten pounds.

To my loving niece, Mrs. Mary Watosius, of Malden, in

Essex: in Old England, I give ten pounds.

To my loving niece, Mrs. Eliza Cowton, wife of the

preacher of Rotterdam, in Holland, I give ten pounds.

I give to the wife of my cousin Rogers, of Billerica,

five pounds.

I give to my two present maidservants, each of them,

one ewe lamb.

All and every of these several legacies I will to be paid

within one year after my death, except that into England

and Holland, which shall be ready to be paid as soon as

they shall appoint and empower any from themselves, or

any merchant or merchants here, that may receive it in

their behalf, and for their uses, and give a full acquittance,

as empowered from them, that so my executrix or overseers

may be fully discharged thereof.

I give all my Latin books to Harvard College in Cam-

bridge, and some English books, as appears in the cata-

logue.

Item. The rest of my estate in lands, that are not given

unto my wife during her natural life, that is, the land at

planting-hill, the land called Shatowell's ground, and all

the rest, be it meadow, fresh or salt, or other upland whatever

and one third part of gates or commonage, I give to the

church and town of Rowley upon condition, that they pay,


62 APPENDIX

 

or cause to be paid, or legally tendered, unto Ezekiel Rog-

ers, the son of Mr. Nathaniel Rogers, late pastor of the

church of Ipswich, deceased, the fun sum of eight score

pounds in country pay; the one half, that is to say, four

score pounds, within one year after my death, the other four

score pounds, to be paid the next year after, that is, within

two years after my death.

And I entreat and appoint Mr. John Whipple, of Ipswich,

the ruling elder, to be guardian for Ezekiel Rogers to re-

ceive, or cause to be received this above said eight score

pounds, and to give unto the church or town of Rowley a

full discharge and acquittance upon the receiving thereof;

and in case the church and town of Rowley pay not the

above said eight score pounds, my will is, that the above

said lands, that are not given unto my wife, shall be as-

signed and set over by my overseers unto Ezekiel for the

above said payment.

Provided also, it shall not be in the liberty of the church

or town of Rowley, to give, sell, or alien those lands or

any part thereof, or appropriate them, or any part of them,

to any other end or use, than for this, the better enabling

them to carryon the ministry for ever.

Also, all my houses, barn, and orchard, and all my lands,

pastures and common ages and meadows, which I have given

unto my wife Mary Rogers, during her natural life, after

her decease, I do bequeath and give unto the church and

town of Rowley, to enable them the better to maintain two

teaching elders * in the church for ever, and upon that condi-

 

* Meaning, no doubt, a pastor and a teacher. The first churches of

Massachusetts were mostly furnished with a pastor, a teacher, and

ruling elders. The offices of pastor and teacher, in the first church in

Rowley, have been united, since the death of Mr. Phillips, in 1696,

and that of ruling elder was dropped at an earlier period.

Mr. Rogers was denominated Pastor. Mr. Phillips was styled


TO THE ADDRESS. 63

 

tion, I do give them; the time which I allow them for the

settling of an elder shall be four years, and so from time to

time as God makes any changes either by death or removal

or any other way; and in case that the church or town of

Rowley fail of the condition of providing themselves of two

teaching elders, according to the time prefixed, that is,

within four years after they have this to enable them the

better, and so from time to time within the said time of

four years after God by his providence have made any

change, my will is that the above said housing and lands

shall be to the use of Harvard College, at Cambridge, in

New England.

I give also to the church my silver bowls, which they use

for the communion to be so used still after my wife's decease.

And I make and appoint my said well beloved wife the

sole executrix of this my will and testament.

And I appoint Maximilian Jewett and Samuel Brockle-

bank, to be overseers of this my will and testament.

Made and signed the 17th of April, 1660.

EZEKIEL ROGERS.

Witnessed by us,

Samuel Brocklebank,

Maximilian Jewett,

John Brocklebank.

Sworn in Court by Maximilian Jewett and Samuel Brock-

lebank, to be the last will and testament of Mr. Ezekiel

Rogers.

ROBERT LORD, Clerk.

John Brocklebank sworn to the same in Court at Ipswich

the 26th March, 1661.

By me, ROBERT LORD, Clerk.

Teacher, until the settlement of Mr. Payson, in 1682, when Mr. Phillips

became pastor, and Mr. Payson teacher.

Mr. Shepard was settled as pastor, and continued such to his

death.


64 APPENDIX

 

The above is taken from the original, on file in the Pro-

bate Office at Ipswich.

INVENTORY.

Mr. Rogers's real estate was appraised at 966 0 0

Silver plate, including a gold ring and silver

inkstand, . . . . . . 22 0 0

Wearing apparel, . . . . . 17 17 0

Nine horses and colts, 90 0 0

In oxen (supposed to be six), 40 0 0

10 cows, 40 0 0

14 young neat cattle, 35 0 0

In sheep old and young, 18 0 0

In swine, 8 0 0

5 beds, with the bedding, 46 6 8

Household furniture, including a clock, 42 16 8

110 bushels of wheat, barley, and Indian corn, 24 10 0

Cloth and yarn, wool, hemp, and flax, 13 0 0

Fodder in the barn, 10 0 0

Armour and ammunition, 5 0 0

Farming tools, 11 10 0

Latin books, 47 10 8

English books, 26 3 0

Debts due the estate, 53 16 5

Saddle, bridle, and pillion, 1. 0. 0: Stock of

bees, 4 0 0

Bacon, 3. 0.0; Other provisions, &c., 11.9.4, 14 9 4

____________

1,535 19 9

Done March 5th, 1660 -1.

By Deacon Maximilian Jewett,

Ensign Samuel Brocklebank,

and John Lambert.

* The foregoing document has been submitted to the consideration

of several competent judges, including some of our Baptist friends,


TO THE ADDRESS. 65

 

It was during Mr. Rogers's ministry, viz. September 19th,

1644, two churches were appointed to be gathered, the one

at Haverhill, the other at Andover, (both upon Merrimack

River.) They had given notice thereof to the magistrates and

ministers of the neighbouring churches, as the manner

is with them in New England. The meeting of the assem-

bly was to be at that time at Rowley, (the forementioned

plantations, being then but newly erected, were not capable

to entertain them that were likely to be gathered together

on that occasion.)

But when they were assembled, most of those who were to

join together in church fellowship at that time, refused to

make the confession of their faith and repentance, be-

cause, as was said, they declared it openly before in other

churches, upon their admission into them. Whereupon,

the messengers of the churches not being satisfied, the as-

sembly broke up before they had accomplished what they

intended. But in October, 1645, messengers of churches

met together again on the same account, when such satis-

faction was given, that Mr. John Ward was ordained pastor

of the church of Haverhill on the north side of the said

Merrimack, and Mr. John Woodbridge was ordained pastor

of the church of Andover on the south side of the same.

 

and a very earnest desire expressed for its publication entire. With

that request, we have, not without some hesitation, concluded to com-

ply. It contains some expressions, which, at this day, are liable to

misapprehension. The character of the venerable testator is well

known. He had made extraordinary attainments in the divine life,

and was eminently adorned with the Christian graces. All this is be-

yond the reach of reasonable doubt. But he shared in the errors of

the times. One of those errors consisted in the indulgence of undue

severity upon religious opponents. It was a fault, we freely admit,

which can never be wholly excused, though it certainly admits of

great pallialion.

6*


66 APPENDIX.

INSCRIPTION UPON MR. ROGERS'S MONUMENT.

"Sacred to the memory of the Rev. Ezekiel Rogers, first

minister of the gospel in Rowley, who emigrated from

Britain to this place, with his church and flock, A. D. 1638.

He finished his labors and life, January 23, 1660, in

his seventieth year.

"He was a man of eminent piety, zeal, and abilities.

"His strains of oratory were delightful. Regeneration and

union to Jesus Christ by faith, were the points on which he

principally insisted; he so remarkably described the feel-

ings, exercises, motives, and characters of his hearers, that

they were ready to exclaim, Who hath told him all this.

With the youth he took great pains, and was a tree of

knowledge, laden with fruit, which children could reach.

"He bequeathed a part of his lands to the town of Rowley,

for the support of the gospel, which generous benefaction,

we (in the first parish) enjoy to the present day; and here

gratefully commemorate, by raising this monument to his

memory.

A. D. 1805."

Mr. Rogers was at first buried at the foot of where the

Rev. Mr. Phillips's grave and monument now are. On the

23d of October, 1805, tile grave was opened, and his bones

taken up and put in a new box or coffin and placed beneath

the monument erected to his memory. His bones were

mostly entire, the head quite so; some hair remained, ad-

hering to the head by pressure; the callus upon his right

arm, where it was broken above the elbow, was perceptible.

He having been dead one hundred and forty-five years, nine

months. Mr, Rogers's house stood upon land now owned by

Deacon Samuel P. Jewett, a part of the ground upon which

it stood, is (1840) covered by a house lately erected by said

Deacon S. P. Jewett. In digging the southerly part of the

cellar, the northerly part of the stoning of Mr. Rogers's cellar


TO THE ADDRESS. 67

 

was taken up. No house has stood upon that site, since Mr.

Rogers's was taken down, about the year 1696.

 

The first covenant found upon the records of the first

church in Rowley, is the following.

"You do solemnly covenant and promise before the Lord

and his people, that by his help, forsaking all ungodliness

and former lusts in your ignorance, you do avouch the

Lord Jehovah Elohim, one God in three persons, to be your

God and portion; you do also own the Lord Jesus the only

supreme head and saviour of his church, to be your King,

Priest, and Prophet; and you do further covenant to walk

in a professed subjection unto all the holy ordinances and

orders that Christ has appointed in his house; and to walk

as becomes God's covenanting servant with the members of

this church, unto mutual edification and helpfulness, accord-

ing to the rule of the gospel, so long as God shall continue

you a member of this church of Christ.

"We also do acknowledge ourselves engaged by the same

solemn covenant to watch over you, and to afford all chris-

tian helpfulness to your edification, as God has required, and

by his assistance."

The Rev. Samuel Phillips married, in 1651, Sarah,

daughter of Samuel Appleton, of Ipswich, a descendant of

John Appleton, who died at Great Waldingfield, in Suffolk,

England, in 1436.

By her, who died 15 July, 1714, aged eighty-six, he had

eleven children; 1. Samuel, born 1654, died young; 2. Sarah,

born. 1656, married Stephen Mighlll; 3. Samuel, born 1658,

was a goldsmith and settled in Salem, married Mary, daugh-

ter of the Rev. John Emerson, of Gloucester, had two sons

and four daughters; 4. George, born 1659, died young; 5.

Elizabeth, born 1661, died young; 6. Ezekiel, born 1662,


68 APPENDIX.

 

died young; 7. George, born 1664, graduated at Harvard

College 1686, settled in the ministry at Brookhaven, on

Long Island, New York, 1697, where he died 1739, aged

seventy-five, (he left three sons, George, William, and John;

and three daughters); 8. Elizabeth, born 1665, married the

Rev. Edward Payson; 9, Dorcas, born 1667; 10. Mary, born

1663; and 11. John, born 1670; the three last probably died

young.

Mr. Ph.illips was not wholly exempt from trouble; a por-

tion of this good man's life was rendered unhappy by an

event which took place incident to Mr. Rogers's death. A

short time before that event happened, the selectmen (Mr.

Philip Nelson, Ezekiel Northend, William Stickney, Thomas

Jenney, and John Pickard,) laid a rate of 60, to pay his

salary for the then Current year, which began in April; in

January he died, about three months before the expiration

of the year; soon after his death, the selectmen recalled the

tax list from the collector, (Deacon Maximilian Jewett,) and

made a new assessment of 50, committing the list to the

same collector, ordering him to pay Mrs. Rogers 45, in

full for the three fourths of the year which Mr. Rogers lived;

the other 5 of the assessment was ordered to Mr, Phillips,

in consideration of his having carried on the work of the

ministry alone, during Mr. Rogers's sickness, &c. Mrs. Rog-

ers took it unkind in the selectmen thus to recall and alter the

assessment, after they had once ordered the 60 to be paid

her husband, and she accused Mr. Phillips of receiving and

retaining 5, which of right belonged to her. A majority

of said selectmen even maintained that their doings in the

case was just, and that they were not bound to do more. It

appears by the deposition of John Pickard, one of said

selectmen, (under date of June 5, 1679,) that all the select-

men were well agreed in reducing the tax list, that Mr.

Nelson himself wrote the new list; yet, not long after this,

Mr. Nelson undertakes to assist Mrs. Rogers in enforcing


TO THE ADDRESS. 69

 

her claims, and blames Mr. Phillips, &c. The difficulty got

into the church. Mrs. Rogers, in her last will, of which the

following is an extract, admonishes Mr. Phillips and Deacon

Jewett not to wrong her of the 5, &c.

"My will is, that as concerninge the fiftene pounds that is

dewe me for my husband Ezelkiel Rogers his wages, as may

apeare by the bill of the ministry rate entred in the church

booke, the whole rate within a small matter beinge laide but

never as yet payed to me, five pounds of this fiftene I per-

ceived was delivered to Mr. Phillips and he stands charged

with it in the church booke, and I have longe since made

my complaint to him about it, and his answer to me was

that he would not a had it, but as yet I have not received it

nor any part else of the fiftene pounds, and therefore I would

earnestly desire Mr. Sammuell Phillips and Deacon Jewet

that they would not ronge me in this particular, least it be a

greefe to them at the apearinge of Jesus Christ, and that this

fiftene pounds care be taken that Thomas Lambert may

have the same. And I doe make Phillip Nellson, of Rowley,

exequitor of this my last will and testament, desiringe him,

that my will in all these particulars may be performed.

"Dated the 22 day of July, 1678.

her

"MARY ROGERS, (SEAL).

"Witnessess, marke.

"Jeremiah Shepard,

Elizabeth NeIlson.

"Approved April 1, 1679."

Phillip Nelson "renounced" his office or executor and

Mr. Thomas Nelson (his brother) was appointed administra-

tor.

Mrs. Rogers died February 12th, 1678-9.

This matter of the 5 becomes not only a source of

difficulty in the church, but a cause of complaint against

Mr. Phillips to the court at Ipswich.


70 APPENDIX.

 

On the 26th May, 1719. The church petition the General

Court on the subject, and ask to be heard before them;

saying, "their Rev. Teacher hath been accused of com-

mitting an unjust and felonious act, by wronging Mrs.

Rogers, deceased, of her due, which stands upon record in

Ipswich Court, by Mr. Nelson's doings."

On the 28th of the same month, they prefer another

petition to the General Court, asking them to appoint an

ecclesiastical council to hear the case, &c.

The Court refer the petition to the October Session,

and recommend an adjustment of the difficulties among

themselves.

On the 14th of October, the church represent to the Court,

that they have had many meetings without effecting any

settlement of difficulties. They therefore entreat the Court

to grant their former request.

October 20. The Court order, that the church of Ips-

wich, Newbury, Hampton, and the three churches of Boston,

the church of Salem, Beverly, Portsmouth, and Haverhill, be

written unto by the secretary, in the name of this Court, to

assemble at Rowley, on the third Wednesday of November,

to give their solemn advice and issue to the said differences

as God shall direct, and to make return to the next General

Court.

"Attest, WILLIAM TORREY, Clerk."

Result of Council.

"The messengers of the several churches assembled at

Rowley, (November 19, 1679,) being met together in the

name of Christ, and the call of the General Court, to hear,

and (if the Lord shall so please) to issue the differences in

that church, after serious seeking unto God for the guidance

of his holy spirit to direct us in the affair before us, and

after an impartial hearing what both parties have alleged,


 

TO THE ADDRESS. 71

we do, as in the Lord's name and fear, declare and give

solemn advice as followeth.

"Since it has pleased the God of all grace for his own

name sake, so far to manifest his presence with, and his

blessing upon the endeavours of his servants, as that Mr.

Nelson, who had been an occasion of the said differences in

the church at Rowley, hath acknowledged his offence in all

the particulars for which the church had proceeded with him

to excommunication, so as hath been joy and comfortable

satisfaction, that you have with much unanimity received him

into your holy fellowship again, confirming your love to-

wards him, and that both parties have declared that they do

mutually forgive and forget whatever offences have fallen

out amongst them in these hours of temptation.

"We bow our knees before the God and Father of our

Lord Jesus Christ, in humble thankfulness for his great

mercy, desiring that his name alone may have all the glory;

and that so the peace which God hath graciously restored to

the church in Rowley, may by his blessing be continued

and confirmed.

"We further advise that the whole church in Rowley

if, humble themselves before the Lord in a way of fast and

prayer, because of the differences which have been among

you, and the dishonor which thereby hath happened unto

the blessed name of Christ, whose they are; and that they

do explicitly and with all their heart, and with all their soul,

renew their covenant with God, and one with another.

"And as for the inhabitants of the town of Rowley, which

no doubt have, many of them, been concerned in the late

unhappy differences; we solemnly advise, so far as any of

them may have had any influence in these troubles, they

judge themselves for it before the Lord. And that for the

future they do what in them is, in order to the strengthening

of the restored peace in the church here.

" We likewise exhort both the church and whole congre-


72 APPENDIX.

 

gation of Rowley that they would strengthen the heart and

hands of their Reverend and faithful Teacher, holding him

in reputation for his works' sake, that he may be able to give,

an account concerning all the souls over whom God hath set

him, as his watchman, with joy, and not with grief, for that

will be unprofitable for them, and that the Lord may not be

provoked to deprive them of so choice a blessing, but that

having one heart, and living as brethren, true peace may be

with them, continuing the tokens of his gracious presence in

the midst of them, for the good of you and your children

after them.

"Joshua Moody,

"Increase Mather Moderators.

"In the name and with the unani-

mous consent of the whole council."

The ministers, called to sit in this council, were,

From Ipswich, Rev. William Hubbard or Thomas Cobbet,

perhaps both.

" Newbury, Rev. John Richardson.

" Hampton, Rev. Seaborn Cotton.

" Boston, l chh. Rev. James Allen, 2 chh. Rev. Increase

Mather, 3 chh. Rev. Samuel Willard.

" Salem, Rev. John Higginson.

" Beverly, Rev. John Hale.

" Portsmouth, Rev. Joshua Moody.

" Haverhill, Rev. John Ward.

Mr. Philip Nelson had been the occasion of other difficul-

ties in the church by pretending to cure a deaf and dumb

boy in imitation of our Saviour, by saying Epphatha. The

ministers of the neighbouring churches were called together,

and the boy was brought before them, to see ,whether he

could speak or not. He was interrogated, but "there he

stood," says the church records, "like a deaf and dumb

boy as he was." They could not make him hear, nor could

he speak.


TO THE ADDRESS. 73

 

The Rev. Mr. Phillips lived upon that homestead now

owned by Bradstreet Creasey, one acre and an half of the

southerly side of the same, with a house and barn thereon,

he purchased (March 16, 1664,) of Susannah Trumble, de-

scribed as follows, "bounded west by the street, east upon the

brook, south side by Richard Leighton, northerly side by

said Phillips." Recorded book 2, page 255.

It is not known that the Rev. S. Phillips had any own

brother or sister, his mother died in Salem soon after her land-

ing in June, 1630, his father, the Rev. George Phillips mar-

ried a second wife whose name was Elizabeth; by her, who

died January 27, 1681, he had 1. Zerobabel, born 5 day

2 mo. 1632; 2. Jonathan, born 19 day 10 mo. 1633; 3. The-

ophilus, born 28 day 4 mo. 1636; 4. Annible, born -day

10 mo. 1637; 5. Awbett, born 1638; 6 Ephraim, born 1640;

Obadiah, born 1641. The two last died in infancy, and

perhaps others.

It was during Mr. Phillips's ministry the foI1owing order

was adopted, viz.

Ordered, That every person shall sit in the meeting-house

as directed by the selectmen, on penalty of 5s. a time, ex-

cept on special occasions, to make way for others.

In November, 1839, a chaste and handsome marble mon-

ument was placed over the remains of the Rev. Samuel Phillips

and his wife, in the burial ground at Rowley, upon which is the

following inscription.

"Beneath this stone are buried the remains of Samuel

Phillips, the second pastor of the church in Rowley.

"He was born in Boxford, England, A. D. 1625. Came

to America with his father, George Phillips, first minister of

Watertown, Massachusetts, in 1630, was graduated at Har-

vard College in 1650, was settled in the Christian ministry in

this place, in June, 1651, where he served God and his gener-

ation faithfully for forty-five years, and died April 22, 1696.

"Near this spot are buried the remains of his wife, Sarah,


74 APPENDIX

 

daughter of Samuel Appleton, of Ipswich; she died 15

July, 1714, aged eighty-six years.

"From them have descended, among others, George Phil-

lips, minister of Brookhaven, Long Island, New York, who

died 1739, aged seventy-five years.

"Samuel Phillips, minister at Andover, Massachusetts,

died June 5, 1771, aged eighty-one years.

"Samuel Phillips, one of the founders of Phillips' Academy,

Andover, died August 21, l790, aged seventy-six years.

"John Phillips, founder of Phillips' Academy, Exeter, New

Hampshire, died April, 1795, aged seventy-six years.

"Samuel Phillips, Lieutenant-Governor of Massachusetts,

died in Andover, February 10, 1802, aged fifty years.

"William Phillips, a distinguished merchant and patriotic

citizen, died in Boston, January, 1804, aged eighty-two years.

"William Phillips, Lieutenant-Governor of Massachusetts,

died in Boston, May 26, 1827, aged seventy-seven years.

"And John Phillips, President of the Senate of Massa-

chusetts, and first Mayor of Boston, died in Boston, May

29, 1823.

"This monument is erected by Hon. Jonathan Phillips, of

Boston, a descendant in the sixth generation. A. D. 1839."

 

A. 3.

The Rev. Samuel Shepard was called to part with a beloved

wife, February 12, 1667-8, just fifty-four days previous to

his own death. Samuel, their only child, was born August 10,

1667, graduated at Harvard College, 1685, (at eighteen years

of age). The Rev. Mr. Shepard's will bears date April 4,

1668, (three days only before his death). The Rev. Henry

Flint, with Margery his wife, were his executors.

The will was approved April 22, 1668.

The Rev. Henry Flint died April 27, 1668, leaving his


TO THE ADDRESS. 75

 

widow sole executrix of said will, who also had the care of

educating Samuel. Mr. Shepard bequeathed most of his

estate (which was appraised at 515. 11. 6) to his only

son. 1671 -2, March 13, the town voted, That a farm of

one hundred acres be granted to young Samuel Shepard,

to come into possession of when he shall arrive at twenty-

one years of age.

 

A. 4.

Mr. Jeremiah Shepard was the cause of much trouble in

the church and town of Rowley, (although never ordained

in the place.) He commenced preaching here February,

1672-3, and soon after moved his family into town.

December 12, 1673, the town make him a grant of 50,

and one load of wood from each man who has a team, for

his work in the ministry the then present year. 1674,

the town make him a grant of a sum of money as a gratu-

ity for his coming up to serve them, (as Mr. Shepard him-

self expresses it.)

The town also agree to give him 50 per annum while

he continues to preach among them. To the votes 33

persons dissented,

Joseph Boynton, John Harris,

Thomas Burkbee, John Hopkinson,

James Barker, Jr. Jonathan Hopkinson,

James Bailey, Jr. John Johnson,

John Burbank, Jr. Nicholas Jackson,

Nathaniel Barker, Ezekiel Jewett,

Barzilla Barker, Dea. (Maximilian) Jewett,

John Bailey, William Jackson,

Joseph Chaplin, George Kilborn,

James Dickinson, Thomas Leaver, Jr.

Jeremiah Elsworth, Abell Longley,


76 APPENDIX

 

Richard Leighton, John Scales,

John Pickard, Thomas Tenney,

John Pearson, Sen. William Tenney,

John Pearson, Jr. John Trumble,

Mark Prime, John Tod.

John Sawer,

From this time difficulties increase, the parties become

obstinate. At the annual meeting for choice of town offi-

cers, January 19tb, 1676-7, it seems the parties were

nearly equal in number; on that day they elected but three

of their five Selectmen, viz. Samuel Platts, Richard Holmes,

and Daniel Wicom, two of them at least, (Platts and Wie-

om,) friendly to Mr. Shepard. On the 30th of January,

John Pickard and William Tenney are chosen Selectmen,

both opposed to Mr. Shepard.

Toward the close of this meeting, it was moved, that the

town invite Mr. Shepard to establish a monthly lecture; the

vote being taken, it passed in the negative; a reconsidera-

tion was attempted, when the meeting brake up in con-

fusion,

On the 16th of March, the town added two more to

their board of Selectmen, viz. John Bailey and John

Pearson, both opposed to Mr. Shepard. A majority of the

town had now become decidedly opposed to him, and re-

fused to pay him his 50, as formerly voted. Mr. Shepard

brought an action against Thomas Tenney, William Ten-

ney, and John Trumble, in behalf of the town, for one

year's salary of 50, and recovers judgment at Ipswich

Court. The town appealed to the court of assistants. A

compromise takes place, on the 7th of February, 1677 -8,

Mr. Shepard, in consideration of 20 paid him, gives the

town a receipt in full.

Many in the town had a strong desire to settle Mr. Shep-

ard, notwithstanding he was, a non-professor, but so great

were the difficulties existing in the place on account there-


TO THE ADDRESS. 77

 

of, that application was made to the General Court for their

interposition, who make the following order, viz.

"After a full hearing of the differences that have arisen

at Rowley, referring to the settlement of Mr. Shepard as

minister among them.

"This Court do declare, that they will not countenance

any procedure or actings therein contrary to the laws of

this court, having therein made provision for the peace of

the churches and a settled ministry in each town. And

that all votes passed by any among them contrary thereto,

are hereby declared null and void. And do order, that the

actors therein, viz. Daniel Wicom, David Bennett, Sam-

uel Platts, and Jonathan Platts, as abetters therein, be

admonished, and pay as costs, 6. 7. 8.

 

A. 5.

The Rev. Edward Payson, by Elizabeth, his first wife, had

a numerous family of children. 1. Elizabeth, born 1684; 2.

Sarah, born 1686; 3. Mary, born 1687; 4. Eliphalet, born

1689; 5. Mehitable, born 1691; 6. Samuel, born 1693; 7.

Edward, born 1694; 8. Elizabeth, born 1697; 9. Hannah,

born 1698; 10. Elliot, born 1700; 11. Stephen; born 1701;

12. Sarah, born 1702; 13. Jonathan, born 1703; 14. David

born 1705; 15. Phillips, born l707; 16. Sarah, born 1709;

17. Susannah, born l712; three others died in infancy; six

sons and four daughters survived their father; viz. Mary

(who. married Joseph Jewett, jr.), Eliphalet, Mehitable (who

married Humphrey Hobson), Samuel (graduated at Har-

vard College, 1716,) Edward, Elizabeth (who married

Ezekiel Northend), Elliot, Jonathan, David, and Susannah

(who married James Hibbert).

The son Phillips, mentioned above, died the same year

in which he was born; therefore, he could not have been

7*


78 APPENDIX

 

the Phillips Payson mentioned by Mr. Farmer in his Gen-

ealogical Register, who graduated at Harvard College, 1724,

afterwards the minister of Walpole.

Mr. Farmer is also in an error, as is the Quarterly Register,

in saying, "The late Rev. Edward Payson, D. D., of

Portland, was of the fifth descent, the whole line being

clergymen from the Rowley minister."

The Rev. Edward Payson, D. D. of Portland, was a son of

the Rev. Seth Payson, D. D., or Rindge, New Hampshire,

and grandson of the aforenamed Rev. Phillips Payson, of

Walpole. The Walpole minister was the son of Samuel

and Mary Payson, of Dorchester, born February 29,

1704 -5.

Samuel Payson was probably a grandson of Edward

Payson, of Roxbury, and a nephew of the Rowley minis-

ter.

Edward Payson, of Roxbury, had two wives. By his first,

whose name was Jane, he had a daughter Mary, born 2

day 7 mo, 1641. On the 10th day of the same month, his

wife died. By a second wife, he had, 1. John, born 11 day

4 mo. 1643; 2. Jonathan, born 19 day 10 mo. 1644; 3.

Edward. born June 20, 1657.

Samuel, of Dorchester, might have been a son of John or

Jonathan; Jonathan was a deacon in the church at Rox-

bury.

There was a Silas Payson: of, Roxbury, who was a cotem-

porary of Edward, and had children.

The Rev. Mr. Payson's house stood nearly opposite to the

Congregational meeting-house, upon land now owned by

Richard Kimball, and near where the vestry stands.

The following, (written by Mr. Payson,) is copied from a

printed sheet published at the time of Mr. Phillips's death.


TO THE ADDRESS. 79

 

A

SMALL CONTRIBUTION

TO

THE MEMORIAL OF THAT TRUELY WORTHY, AND WORTHILY MAN

OF GOD,

MR. SAMUEL PHILLIPS,

Pastor to the Church of Christ in Rowley; who deceased, April 22d, 1696,

AEtatis 71.

 

MR. PHILLIPS ALIVE.

 

One thousand six hundred fifty and one,

This grave, bright morning star arose and shone.

Whom God in this orb most kindly did fix,

Until sixteen Hundred ninety and six.

Rowley him saw about Forty-six Years,

Now him no more see, Lo! he disappears:

In all that long space in which he did live,

the World was happy in him we believe.

His joyful sound was heard in places all,

He did his part in Building Zion's Wall.

Look here or there, still Phillips you shall find,

Ready with his Trowel, Hard, Heart, and Mind.

Some choice attendance on his hardest toil

Were cheerfulness, with spirit void of guile.

No man more grave, sage, solid, sober, good,

Yet break a jest, and pleasant be he would.

For Faith, for Love, for well set Charity,

Let him be rank'd among the choicest Three.

All sturdy Sons of Satan, he withstood,

But hungry hearted Saints from him; had food.


80 APPENDIX

 

Tell him here's one distress'd much in mind,

Good Soul! saith he, God grant you comfort find.

For ev'ry thing that's winning, worthy, well,

I'le give you leave, find me his parallel.

He lived, he loved, and loved was by all,

A Cedar Tree grown up exceeding Tall.

Yet now cut down; alas! must I say so,

What in the World shall I, poor I! now do.

Full fifteen years I had his Company,

Now lonesome left, sad and solitary.

Oft in God's House together, when all was done,

Home with me came; now I must Home alone.

If any was, is, or will true Mourners be,

So was, so is, so must, so will E. P.!

MR. PHILLIPS DEAD.

"Who being Dead, yet speaketh."

1. To his Country.

The Work of God lay on my heart,

Before this Life I did depart.

This land I lov'd wherein I dwelt,

Some pain for it I often felt.

My Bowels, my Bowels within were turn'd,

To see this Land with Judgments burn'd.

Sin and Sorrow, much intermixt,

Your Glory going out, them betwixt.

Your Ancient Rights remov'd away,

Foundation's fall'n into decay,

Religion sweet, going on to die,

All men almost on it look shie.

The Channel of New England zeal,

Diverted much, where, who can tell?


TO THE ADDRESS. 81

 

This Rings Religion's Passing Bell,

And Lebanon hath lost her smell.

New upstart modes now gains more room,

Than kind offers of our Bridegroom.

Christ's Fishers Row and tire and toil,

Yet Roast but little of the spoil.

The nervous Cords of Gospel Wooings,

Enervate lie, amidst our rowings.

Seas of Pleasures, or Sinks of Sin,

Emerge the Seed; make Converts thin.

Th' old serious sort of Piety,

Evaporates in Oratr'y.

These things I saw, I mourn'd, I wept,

I fear'd New England must be sweapt.

Sometimes I said I'll live and die,

In hope that God would not deny,

To fix this vine in former Bliss,

For which I prayed Semel and Bis.

Now then by me be yet advis'd,

Let drop your Fears, be not disguis'd,

Appear for God, for Christ, for Truth,

Old men and Babes, Young men and Youth.

Behold the Lamb on Zion Hill,

Learn his new Song, so sing on still:

Take your good Mother by the Hand,

So Glory rest shall in your land.

 

2. To His Flock.

 

I Often told you what you see fulfill'd,

That I, to stroke of Death myself must yield.

I found it hard to scuffle with that Foe,

Yet did submit, since God would have it so.


82 APPENDIX

 

Now farewell Flock most kind, my people all,

Oh! that best Blessings down on you might fall.

For you I pray'd, I preach'd, I thought, I spake,

I willing was with all, for your sake.

A Father I, you Sons, now Orphans left,

God lent, God took, you must not can it theft.

And now my will I leave you all, is this;

I will you Christ, love, joy, peace, heaven, bliss.

Me you must hear no more! no more! no more!

Now gather what is sown, lay up in store.

Oh! Sinners.! Sinners! Sinners! pray don't die,

I dead, yet speak, me hear once more, I cry,

To your poor simple souls! turn in and live,

That I of you some good account may give.

In fine, live all in Faith, in Love, in fear,

So travel on, until you all come here.

I longed for you all, God knows I did,

Pray mind your souls, now I am laid Bed-rid.

 

3. To his Family.

 

I was a Pastor, Husband, Father, Master, now

Sustain no such Relation to you, or you

My Flock, my wife, my Children an to me were dear

While in the World; but not so much since I came here.

Yet let me drop few words 'mongst them I leave behind,

Though now I need you not, yet would not be unkind.

Dear Wife! to me thou always wer't a friend,

In troubles all thou beard'st the bigger end.

I might lie down and sleep, and take my rest,

Thou busie still to order things for th' best;

Good while we liv'd together in content,

God broke the league, and I away am sent.

 

TO THE ADDRESS. 83

 

Mine eyes are clos'd that oft saw thee with joy,

God grant no ill may henceforth thee annoy;

God be thy guide, thy head, thy help, thy all,

I know thy cup's now, full of wormwood Gall;

Fulfil thy Race in joy, live cheerfully,

I hope again to have thy Company.

Our lovely Babes whose death oft made, us groan,

Here fast by Christ I find they make no moan.

My Children six, that yet alive remain,

My death to you, I wish may be much gain.

Now if you cry and say, how can that be,

Be more inflam'd with zeal to follow me;

Live well, win Christ, get Grace, pray hard, hate sin,

By all means strive to gain more wealth within.

Your Father in Heaven is, look that way more,

Thus you'll gain wealth, and much increase your store.

 

MR. PHILLIPS BURIED.

At Rogers's Head and Shepard's Side,

In Creeps this Saint, and's not deni'd;

Come Brother Phillips come to Bed,

Here's room enough, lay down thy head.

Thou held'st out long, it's time give out,

Come rest with us, here is no rout.

Let's fall to sleep, and silent be,

A little while; I, thou, and he.

Thus these three Saints in silence lie,

Scarce whisper aught to him that's by.

These Triumvirs got into their old Mother,

Lye very still, and sweetly sleep together.

There we must leave them at their quiet sleep,

Though't fills our eyes and hearts with sorrows deep.


84 APPENDIX

 

Come, let's return, go home, and this lament,

Until our race be run and time is spent.

Ita Luget ab imo corde Affectus.

EDWARD PAYSON.

It was during Mr. Payson's ministry, the following orders

were adopted, viz.

1697. A new meeting-house having been built, a com-

mittee of seven was appointed by the town, to seat the peo-

ple therein. The rule for seating was age, office, and

amount paid towards building said house.

1708. Leave was granted to Samuel Prime, Mark Prime,

Samuel Lancaster, and Robert Greenough, to build them-

selves a pew in the north corner of the meeting-house, in

the gallery, and another for their wives in the easterly cor-

ner, in the gallery. These were the first pews, except the

minister's, that were built in this house.

1715. Ordered, That people be seated in the meeting

house according to age, and amount paid to the two last

minister rates.

1703. The meeting-house bell was sent to England and

recast with addition. In 1742, the bell was once more sent

to England, to be recast with addition, and again received

the next year; this bell weighed 334 pounds, in 1808, it

was exchanged in Boston for another weighing about 900

pounds.

l707. Orderecd, That Goodman Thomas Palmer ring

the bell on Sabbath days, and at nine o'clock every night,

and on other occasions, and sweep the meeting-house clean

once every week, and to have 5. 10. O.

 

A. 6.

The Rev. Jedediah Jewett, and Elizabeth, his first wife,

had two children, viz. 1. Dummer, born April 25, 1732,


TO THE ADDRESS. 85

 

graduated at Harvard College, 1752, was a merchant in

Ipswich. In a fit of insanity, he destroyed his own life,

by a leap from the garret window of his own house, Octo-

ber, 1788, aged fifty-six years.

2. Dorothy, born May 2, 1735. She married, January

18, 1753, Dr. John Calef, of Ipswich.

Two grandsons of Dummer Jewett are now living, one a

preacher of the Methodist denomination.

1754. The parish voted, that Mr. Jewett have the use

and improvement of all the upland and marsh at Sandy

Bridge, four rights in the east end ox-pasture, and two rights:

in the mill swamp pasture, for and during the term of his

ministry, he allowing 6, lawful money, per annum for

rent.

In December, 1774, the first parish purchased of Dum-

mer Jewett, for a parsonage, the homestead and buildings

that were his father's, for which they paid 300, or $ 1000.

These buildings were erected by Mr. Jewett, soon after his

ordination, being the same now owned and occupied by Jo-

seph Smith

A. 7.

Mr. John Blydenburgh was the occasion of much trouble

in the first church and parish of Rowley. He commenced

preaching in the parish, in the latter part of the year l774.

Up to September 28, 1775, he had preached more than;

twenty Sabbaths. On that day the parish voted to give

him a call to settle in the ministry, with a salary of 75,

and the use of the parsonage (lately owned by the Rev. Mr.

Jewett). To this vote, twenty men entered their dissent

upon the record, viz. Thomas Gage, Thomas Lancaster,

Moses Hobson, James Barker, Edward Saunders, Joseph

Kilborn, Ebenezer Kiliborn, Nathaniel Gage, Stephen,

8


86 APPENDIX

 

Palmer, Asa Todd, Nathaniel Barker, Jeremiah Mighill,

Paul Jewett, Humphrey Saunders, Nehemiah Jewett, Jacob

Pickard, Moses P. Payson, William Gage, Moses Palmer,

and Samuel N. Gage. The opposition being so great,

Mr. Blydenburgh did not accept the call.

January 25, 1776. The parish again voted to give him

a call, when about the same number entered their dissent .

upon record.

The parish having become nearly equally divided upon

the question of employing Mr. Blydenburgh to preach, each

party seem to watch every opportunity for taking advan-

tage of their opponents. Parish meetings were frequently

held in the most busy season. Three times, within the

space of three months in this year, they dismissed their

committee for supplying the pulpit, and appointed others in

their place.

June 5, 1777. The Blydenburgh party prevailed, and

instructed their committee, appointed at a parish meeting

this day holden, to engage Mr. Blydenburgh to preach six

months, if they could obtain him for so long a time. Twenty-

one voters entered their dissent.

Captain Joseph Scott, Deacon Jeremiah Jewett, and Cap-

tain Moses Jewett, were the committee to hire.

Mr. Blydenburgh was not obtained, as above directed;

but Mr. Paul Litchfield (afterward settled in Carlisle), be-

fore the close of November, had preached eighteen Sab-

baths.

February 2, 1778. The parish instructed their com-

mittee to engage Mr. Blydenburgh to supply the pulpit

twelve months. Twenty-six voters entered their dissent.

The name of Deacon Thomas Mighill appears for the first

time among the dissenters.

In May, the parish are informed that Mr. Blydenburgh

declines an engagement to preach for them.

March 1O, 1779 The parish again instruct their com-


TO THE ADDRESS. 87

 

mittee to employ Mr. Blydenburgh to preach three months.

From this vote forty-two entered their dissent. It is be-

lieved, that Mr. Blydenburgh again declines an engagement.

December 1. The parish again instruct their committee

to employ Mr. Blydenburgh for six. Sabbaths. He engaged

for that time.

February 1, 1780. The parish vote to employ Mr. Bly-

denburgh four Sabbaths more. At this meeting the parish

propose leaving all matters in dispute relative to Mr. Bly-

denburgh to the determination of three disinterested men;

the parish, as such, to choose one; Mr. Blydenburgh one;

and those disaffected with Mr. Blydenburgh to choose the

third man. The parish, on their part, appointed Colonel

Jacob Gerrish of Newbury; none were appointed by the

other parties.

February l2 and March 8. Other parish meetings are

called, in which it was proposed to submit all matters in

dispute, relative to Mr. Blydenburgh, to the determination

of referees, or to the association of ministers in this vicinity,

when the parish negative every proposition brought before

them.

From this time Mr. Blydenburgh's name does not again,

appear on the record. After a period of more than five

years of almost incessant turmoil and strife, the contending

parties seem to grow weary of contention.

In May, the parish invite Mr. Jonathan Allen (afterward

of Bradford) to preach three months. In July, the church

and parish both invite him to preach on probation. In

September, the church and parish concur in giving him a

call to settle, and invite him to preach seven Sabbaths.

Twenty-two persons entered their dissent from the call of

the parish. He preached the seven Sabbaths, but negatived

the call.


88 APPENDIX

 

A.8.

The Rev. Ebenezer Bradford had nine children, seven

sons and two daughters, viz. 1. Ebenezer Green, born Feb-

ruary 19, 1777; 2. William, born June 8, 1779; 3. John

Melancthon, born May 15, 1781; 4. Jacob Pierson, born

January 18, 1783; 5. Elizabeth Green, born Decemher

22, 1784; 6. James, born September 11, 1786; 7. Moses,

born October 11, 1788; 8. Henry, born July 1, 1790;

9. Mary Cleaveland, born March 25, 1792. The three

first were born at Danbury, Connecticut.

1784. The parish voted, that Mr. Bradford, during

his ministry, have the use of all their lands, in the home-

stead, formerly the Rev. Mr. Jewett's, he allowing 5 10s.

per annum, as rent. His salary, at this time, was paid in

the following manner, viz. silver at 6s. 8d. per ounce;

Spanish milled dollars at 6s. each, for paying 58 0 0

Indian corn at 3s. per bushel, on the 25th of De-

cember, for paying . . . . 13 10 0

Good merchantaole flour at 18s. per hundred, on

the 25th of December, for paying. . . 5 0 0

Good beef, December I st, at 2 1/2d. per pound,

for paying. . . . . . . 9 0 0

Good pork, December 1st, at 3 3/4d. per pound, for

paying. . . . . . . . 9 0 0

The rent of the land in Jewett place, for paying . 5 10 0

_________

100 0 0

Besides twelve cords of wood.

1795, August 6th. Pomp, a colored man, was hung on

Pingree's plain, jn the road between Rowley and Ipswich,

for killing his master, Captain Charles Furbush, of Ando-

ver. The Rev. Mr. Bradford prayed with him at the gal-

lows.


TO THE ADDRESS. 89

 

A. 9.

The Rev. Willard Holbrook's children are three sons

and three daughters, viz. 1. Amory, born August 15, 1820,

an undergraduate at Bowdoin College; 2. Juhn Crocker,

born August 27, 1822, died July 26, 1829; 3. Willard

Rogers, born March 1, 1824, preparing for college; 4. Ma-

ry Elvira, born May 29, 1826; 5. Mary Crocker, born

June 23, 1829; 6. Sarah Elizabeth, born June 7, 1831.

The three last died in infancy.

An Ecclesiastical Council was convened at Rowley on

the 21st of April, 1840, at the invitation of the Rev. Wil-

lard Holbrook, and the church under his pastoral care,

"to consider and give advice in relation to some existing

difficulties between the church and their pastor." The

following extract is taken from the result of that Council.

The Council are aware, that cases may exist in which

the bands between a minister and people must be dissolved,

without any criminality on either side, which forfeits confi-

dence in Christian character. Sometimes a measure may

be expedient, for which, in theory, no good reason can be

given. But such cases are rare, and in the present in-

stance they must say, that no reasons have been assigned,

that should impair our confidence in the piety, the pru-

dence, the ability, or the ministerial demeanor of our be-

beloved brother in any respect. If, therefore, we advise a

dismission from the church, it must be in compliance with

his own wishes, and in acquiescence to a sad necessity.

There is a single consideration we would here suggest. It

has appeared before the Council, that, from time to time,

Mr. Holbrook has, at the request of the parish, relinquished

a part of his salary. It has appeared also, that, at different

times, the parish have withheld a portion of his stipulated

salary, without consulting him. The Council are of opinion,

8*


90 APPENDIX

 

that such parts, at least, of his salary, as have been withheld

without consulting him, and obtaining his relinquishment,

the parish are bound, in honor and justice, to make up to

their minister about to leave them. With this recommenda-

tion, and in view of the whole subject, we hereby advise his

dismission, because imperious circumstances, over which his

conduct had little or no control, say that we must, and we

further advise, that it take place from the present day.

And we most cordially and affectionately recommend him

to the acceptance and esteem of the churches and people,

wherever he may be called to labor in the vineyard of our

common Lord."

 

DEACONS OF THE FIRST CHURCH.

When appointed. Died. Age.

Thomas Mighill, Dec. 3, 1639. March 14, 1654-5.

Maximilian Jewett, Dec. 3, 1639. Oct. 19, 1684.

Samuel Brocklebank, Jan. 8, 1665-6. April 21, 1676. 46

William Tenney, Feb. 3, 1667-8.

John Pearson, Oct. 24, 1686. Dec. 22, 1693.

John Trumble, Oct. 24, 1686. Removed to Connecticut.

Ezekiel Jewett, Oct 24, 1686. Sept. 2, 1723. 80

Samuel Palmer, Feb. 1, 1707-8. June 21, 1719. 75

Timothy Harris, Feb. 1, 1707-8. March 24, 1723-4. 67

Humphrey Hobson, April 21,1723. June 23, 1742. 58

Joseph Boynton, April 21, 1723. Dec. 16,1730. 60

Edward Payson, Feb. 12, 1739-40. March 1, 1769. 75

Francis Pickard, Feb. 12,1739-40. Sept. 12,1778. 89

David Bailey, Feb. 18, 1761. May 12,1769. 62

Moses Clark, May 15, 1769. April 20, 1791. 64

Thomas Mighill, May 15, 1769. Aug. 26, 1807. 85

Jeremiah Jewett, May 15, 1769. Dec. 3, 1809. 86

George Jewett, Nov. 9, 1791. May 5, 1829. 83

Joshua Jewett, April 4, 1807.

Nathaniel Mighill, Dec. 10, 1828.

 

The following is the number of persons received into the first

church, during the ministry of each clergyman, as nearly as

can be ascertained.


TO THE ADDRESS. 91

 

During Mr. Rogers's, . . . . unknown.

" " Phillips's, . . . partially known, 93

&q