HISTORY OF ROWLEY,
FROM THE YEAR 1639 TO THE PRESENT TIME.
By THOMAS GAGE.
DELIVERED SEPTEMBER 5, 1839,
CELEBRATIOX OF THE SECOND CENTENIAL ANNIVERSARY
OF ITS SETTLEMENT.
By REV. JAMES BRADFORD.
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1840, by
in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts.
Electronic Version Prepared by
Dr. Ted Hildebrandt 3/12/2002
FOLS0M, WELLS, AND THURSTON,
PRINTERS TO THE UNIVERSITY.
THE early history of every town furnishes
many incidents worth preserving. Some of
them may be uninteresting to strangers; but to
native inhabitants, descendants of the Pilgrim
Fathers, they all have an interest. To preserve
such facts and incidents as are supposed to be
more particularly interesting to the descendants
of the first
settlers of the ancient town of
ley, is the object of the following pages.
The 5th day of September, 1839, having been
set apart, in pursuance of a vote of the town, for
the purpose of celebrating the second centennial
anniversary of its settlement, such material facts
were collected, as were judged proper to be in-
corporated into addresses to be delivered on the
occasion. The address, by the Rev. Mr. Brad-
ford, (which makes a part of this volume,) and
another by Thomas E. Payson, Esquire, were
delivered, the latter of which related to the civil
history of the town, which it was very desirable
to have printed, and a request was accordingly
made for this purpose, with which Mr. Payson
did not think best to comply.*
There having been much information collected
at that time, and since, relating to the early his-
tory of the place, it was the wish of the inhab-
itants of the town that something, in addition to
the Address of Mr. Bradford, might be published;
and they having, by vote, granted to the Com-
piler of the ensuing sheets the exclusive right of
publishing this work, he, with diffidence in his
ability for undertaking it, consented to comply
with their desires.
It may, perhaps, be proper to add, that, in its
compilation, the records and files of ancient pa-
pers, of the Colonial, Provincial, and State Gov-
registry of deeds and of probate, records of the
towns, parishes, churches, and societies of an-
cient Rowley, have all been examined with as
much care and attention as time would permit;
as also the works of various ancient historians,
as Winthrop, Johnson, Hubbard, Mather, Lech-
ford, Josselyn, Massachusetts Historical Collec-
tions, with other ancient and modern works.
* The following communication is his reply to the request.
"To Willard Holbrook, Thomas Gage, and Joshua Jewett.
"Gentlemen, -- The expression of your thanks for my address
on the 5th ultimo, has been received, together with your polite request
for a copy for publication. Please accept my thanks for the same;
but I must respectfully decline having the address published.
"Yours, &c. THOMAS E. PAYSON."
Having thus done what he could to bring out
from the rubbish of years, the historical memen-
tos of his native place, he now presents the col-
lection of them, with his sincere desire, that it
may not be unacceptable to his townsmen and
friends, and that it may, in some measure, be, to
the present and succeeding generations, as an
eminence, from which they may be enabled to
look back upon the generations of their ances-
tors, who have already acted their parts upon
life's stage; -- even to that time, when the ven-
were engaged in erecting log-houses for their
shelter from the storm, in the midst of the then
dense forest which covered the ground, where
Before we proceed to the work it is thought
best to notice some of the measures adopted by
the town, relative to their Centennial Celebra-
tion, and also to annex thereto the order of
exercises for that celebration.
At a meeting of the inhabitants, held April
2, 1839, it was voted, That they will set apart
some day, during the present year, for the pur-
pose of celebrating the second centennial anni-
versary of the settlement of the town; and that
the Rev. Willard Holbrook, Joshua Jewett, Thom-
as Gage, Thomas Payson, Amos Saunders, Thom-
as How Daniel N. Prime, Edward Smith, Rich-
ard Kimball, Benjamin H. Smith, Oliver Blackin-
ton, and Nathaniel Mighill, be a committee, with
instructions, to respectfully invite the inhabitants
us until lately,) to join with us in the celebration,
requesting them to appoint a committee of their
own citizens, to join with the committee of this
town in making all necessary arrangements for
celebration; and as the towns of
and Boxford were originally a part of Rowley,
to invite the inhabitants of those towns, also, to
join in the celebration. The committee were
further instructed to compile, or cause to be
compiled from early history, from the records of
the State, county, and town, and from the rec-
ords of the several ancient churches, once or
belonging to the town of
all other available sources, all such matters and
facts, connected with the settlement and history
of the town, as they may think proper; and to
procure some suitable person, to select there-
from such material matters and facts as he may
deem most interesting and suitable to be incor-
porated into an address, to be by him delivered
on the occasion. The committee were instruct-
ed to appoint a day for the celebration, and to
make all necessary arrangements for the occa-
sion. They subsequently appointed Thursday,
the 5th day of September for the celebration, and
Rev. James Bradford, of
E. Payson, Esquire, of
deliver each an address on that day. They ac-
cepted the invitation, and performed the duty as-
ORDER OF EXERCISES.
By the Band.
" Praise the Lord." -- COMER.
3. READING OF THE SCRIPTURE.
BY REV. ISAAC BRAMAN.
[From a Bible printed in 1611.]
BY THE CHOIR.
[A portion of the 107th Psalm, as turned into metre, and
set to a tune in a singing-book printed in 1604. To be
read, line by line, as by Deacons in days of yore. The
reading by Deacon JOSHUA JEWETT.]
1 Give thanks unto the Lord our God,
for gracious is hee :
And that his mercie hath no ende,
all mortall men may see.
2 Such as the Lord redeemed hath,
with thanks should praise his name;
and show how they fro -- foes were freed,
and how he wrought the same.
3 Hee gathered them foorth of the lands,
that lay so far about :
From East to West, fro -- North to South,
His hand did find them out.
7 And by that way that was most right,
Hee led them like a guide :
That they might to a citie goe,
and there also abide.
37 That they may sow their pleasant land,
and vineyards also plant:
To yeeld them fruit of such encrease,
as none may seem to want.
38 They multiply exceedingly,
the Lord doth bless them so ;
Who doth also their brute beasts make,
numbers great to grow.
BY REV. WILLARD HOLBROOK.
6. ORIGINAL ODE.
BY DANIEL N. PRIME, OF ROWLEY.
Supreme, eternal God,
Who sits enthroned above,
By whose Almighty power,
The wheels of nature move;
Oh! wilt Thou deign this day to hear,
Our grateful song and humble prayer.
When in the days old,
The fathers of our race
From persecution fled,
To seek a resting place;
Where they in peace might worship Thee,
From cruel priests and tyrants free.
Then Thy protecting hand
Did guide them safely o'er,
Whilst they the ocean crossed,
To this then desert shore;
Safely arrived on freedom's land.
Two hundred times our earth
Has run its annual round,
Since on this pleasant plain,
A safe retreat they found;
And on this spot a church did raise,
And dedicate it to Thy praise.
And ever since that hour,
Here have Thy temples stood,
Here have our fathers met,
To praise the living God!
Whose boundless power and matchless grace,
Created and sustains our race.
And now may we their sons,
While in thy courts this day,
With grateful hearts adore,
With contrite spirits pray;
That He who was our fathers' friend,
Their children here would still defend.
Through future ages may
Our sons and daughters join,
With cheerful heart and voice,
In worship so divine;
Here Lord remain and bless our race,
Through every age till time shall cease.
7. ECCLESIASTICAL ADDRESS.
BY REV. JAMES BRADFORD, OF
" Glory be to God on High," -- MOZART.
9. CIVIL ADDRESS.
E. PAYSON, ESQ. OF
10. ORIGINAL ODE.
BY HON. GEORGE LUNT, OF
Come, pour to lofty numbers,
Your voices in the strain,
Let every heart that slumbers,
Awake to joy again.
The golden dawn returning,
Shall bid our bosoms glow,
For that in heaven burning,
Two hundred years ago.
That day whose wondrous story,
Our fathers oft have told;
That day whose deepening glory
Let age on age unfold,--
When hoary sire and childhood,
And youths in virgin glow,
Stood underneath the wildwood,
Two hundred years ago.
The frowning forest o'er them, --
The savage foe around, --
And all the hope before them
Within their strong hearts bound,
Yet pilgrims, worn and weary,
They hailed with grateful glow
A desert home so dreary,
Two hundred years ago.
When danger's need was sorest
They called on Him to save,
By whom they broke the forest,
And bade the harvests wave;
Across the wintry ocean,
Or 'mid the fiercer foe,
He calmed each wild commotion
Two hundred years ago.
Their graves are all around us,
In venerable age;
Their pleasant homes surround us,
A goodly heritage; --
Yet warmer let each bosom
Its manly thanks bestow
For Freedom's flower, in blossom
Two hundred years ago.
BY REV. BENJAMIN GRAFTON.
12. CLOSING ANTHEM.
II Hallelujah to the Father." -- BEETHOVEN.
ORDER OF PROCESSION, &c..
The following is the order in which the procession formed
upon the common, at eleven o'clock, A. M., and thence pro-
ceeded to the Congregational Meeting-house, under escort
of a volunteer company of young men belonging to the
town, commanded by Capt. Nathaniel Perley. Music by
Aid. Chief Marshal (mounted). Aid.
President and Vice-Presidents of the Day.
Marshal. Orators and Officiating Clergymen. Marshal.
Marshal. Invited Guests. Marshal.
Committee of Arrangements.
National and State Officers.
Marshal. Soldiers of the Revolution (in carriages). Marshal.
Marshal. Strangers and Citizens generally. Marshal.
After the services of the Church, the invited guests and
subscribers to the dinner formed a procession under the
same escort, and proceeded to a substantial pavilion, erected
for tile purpose upon the common, where from three hun-
dred and fifty to four hundred gentlemen and ladies partook
of a dinner prepared by Edward Smith and John B. Savory,
Esquires. Grace was said at the table by Rev. David T.
After the cloth was removed, various sentiments were
offered, and addresses made, suited to the occasion.
The publisher was called to act as President of the Day,
assisted by Brigadier-General Solomon Low, (who also
acted as Chief Marshal,) Joshua Jewett, and Thomas
Payson, Esquires, as Vice-Presidents.
The pavilion was one hundred und sixty, feet long by
twenty-five feet in width, which was, under the direction of
evergreens, pictures, and national banners, blended and
woven together by the ladies in an enchanting man-
ner. The church, in which the public exercises of the
day were performed, was, by the same gentleman, beau-
tifully ornamented in a style that reflected much credit
on his taste and fancy. A broad platform was erect-
ed around the house, for the accommodation of such as
could not obtain seats within, and the lover windows so dis-
posed of, as to give those without an opportunity of hearing.
Many antique relics were displayed. In the procession
was an elderly gentleman, with an old lady of eighty-six
mounted on a pillion, both in full dress of olden time, not
omitting the cocked hat and powdered wig; also, two young
ladies, one dressed in a full wedding suit, made and worn
on the bridal day of another lady, more than one hundred
years before; the other in a full wedding-dress of about
seventy years' standing. A man, well acquainted with the
manners and customs of the American Indians, in full In-
dian costume, carrying the pipe and armour of the late
Black Hawk, an Indian chief, was in the procession, and
excited the curiosity or many. In front of the pulpit, in
the meeting-house, was displayed an old weather vane, made
of a thin plate of iron, with the figures, 1697, cut through
it. This was the date of the second meeting-house built
in Rowley, upon the steeple of which, it buffeted many a
storm, and sprung to every wind that blew for more than
half a century. In the pavilion were displayed various ar-
ticles wrought by the Indians, some very ancient books
piece of embroidery of curious workmanship, wrought by
Sarah Phillips; (daughter of the Rev. Samuel Phillips, the
second minister of Rowley,) more than one hundred and
sixty years ago, attracted much attention, and is now owned
by Miss Hannah Perley, the said Sarah Phillips being
grandmother to the said Hannah's grandfather; and it is
hoped the same will be preserved, and shown at the next
centennial celebration in Rowley. A large armed chair,
with a set of heavy leather-bottomed chairs, supposed to
town, was used at the late centennial dinner.
Is it not desirable, that the events of this memorable fes-
tival should be collected and preserved, and transmitted to
our descendants, to those who shall occupy our place when
another century shall have passed away? Could we have
found any written or printed account of the doings of our
Fathers one hundred years ago, at a first Centennial Obser-
vance of the settlement of the town, with what pleasure
and satisfaction should we have read it, and alluded to it
in this celebration. But alas, none is found; for none ex-
ists. We should therefore consider ourselves obliged by
duty to see to it, that a third Centennial epoch shall not be
without some account of the doings of the second. And
may the laudable doings of the town, in getting up and sus-
taining this celebration, be a precedent for all coming time.
Some of the regular sentiments or toasts above alluded
to, given out by Amory Holbrook as Toast-Master, with a
few of the volunteer sentiments, here follow, viz.
1st. The memory of our Fathers, -- Next to their holy
religion, the richest legacy which they have left us.
2d. The Reverend Ezekiel Rogers, -- Eminent for piety,
for wisdom, and for learning, --one of the earliest benefac-
brightest glories of
3d. The Reverend Samuel Phillips. -- As founders of our
public schools, as patrons of our benevolent and religious
institutions, as the brightest examples of private charity and
public beneficence, we honor his descendants to this day.
6th. Rogers, Phillips, and Payson, -- Choice stones in
the temple of righteousness; future generations shall rise up
and call them blessed.
9th. The day foe celebrate, -- Sacred to the great and
good of other times; we will tell their wonderful story to
our children, that they may transmit it again to theirs.
Volunteer. By the Honorable Caleb Cushing of New-
buryport. "The foundation stones of
tutions, -- Religion,
eternal in their influence upon all the sons of the Pilgrims.
By a Lady. "The Mothers, Wives, and Daughters of
our Puritan ancestors. -- May their bright examples, in
after, and carefully followed by their happy descendants."
Interesting speeches were made by the Honorable Caleb
Honorable Stephen C. Phillips, of
Hampshire, and by various other persons.
Communications from various invited guests, who could
not make it convenient to attend, were read by the Toast
Master. Among others, one from his Excellency, Edward
Everett, Governor of the Commonwealth, Hon. Josiah
L. D., President of
White, Judge of Probate for
Leverett SaltonstaIl, of
The address by Thomas E. Payson, Esquire, on the civil
history of the town, followed that by Mr. Bradford. In the
introduction of which, Mr. Payson very correctly observed,
history of the
history of the church; and, of course, his broadest ground
had been previously gone over; but (as was justly remarked
at the time by one or his hearers) "he executed his task in
excellent style, and wrought up his materials with the hand
of a master. Chaste, elegant, and graceful in its compo-
sition, the delivery was worthy of the style and the subject.
The oration gave evidence of fine taste, and of talents of no
common order. It was matter of regret, that want of time
obliged him to omit a part of his address."
The compiler of this work had a great desire, that Mr.
Payson's address should make a part thereof, and go down
to posterity with it. But Mr. Payson was of opinion, that,
what of civil history he had, in detached parcels, incorpo-
rated into his address, would not very much abridge the
labor of writing a history of the town, and therefore thought
it best to withhold the copy.
On the evening of the day following the celebration, one
hundred and sixty young ladies and gentlemen formed a pic-
nic party, and partook of a supper in the pavilion, pro-
vided by the aforenamed Smith and Savory, after which they
proceeded to the completion of what they considered the
unfinished business of the celebration.
The invitation to the citizens of
ed by them in town-meeting, April 8, 1839, when they ap-
pointed the Rev. Isaac Braman, Solomon Ne1son, Amos J.
Tenney, George Spofford, Jereiniah Jewett, Ira Stickney,
David Mighill, Jeremiah Russell, and Benjamin Winter, a
committee, to join with the committee of Rowley in making
arrangements for the celebration. A majority of this com-
mitttee met several times with the committee of Rowley, and
very cordially cooperated with them in making their ar-
rangments; which cooperation they continued till a subse-
meeting of the town of
that town, by vote, declined making an appropriation for
defraying any part of the expense of the celebration; after
which the committee of that town thought it proper for
them to omit further action on the subject. Upon their
withdrawal, the committee or Rowley, by vote, extended an
with a request, to the committee of
to Coiltiilue to act with them as before.
Notwithstanding that town declined making an appro-
priation in their corporate capacity, yet some of the citizens
thereof contributed liberally to the object, and took a lively
interest in helping forward the celebration, and aided by
their personal services.
The compiler acknowledges himself to have been greatly
obliged by various persons in the contribution of matter for
work. To tile Rev. Joseph B. Felt, of
Puisifer, 3d, Esq., of
ments are due.
The Secretary of the Commonwealth, the Register of
Deeds and of
taining ancient and rare books, have all manifested great
politeness in permitting the compiler to have free access to
the records and books in their respective care.
" Man, through all ages of revolving time,
Unchanging man, in every varying clime,
Deems his own land of every land the pride,
Beloved by Heaven o'er all the world beside."
MR. BRADFORD'S ADDRESS, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
(Appendix to Address.)
Samuel Phillips, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Samuel Shepard, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Jeremiah Shepard, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Edward Payson, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Jedidiah Jewett, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
John Blydenburgh, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Ebenezer Bradford, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Willard Holbrook, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
James Chandler, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Isaac Braman, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Ministers and Deacons of Byfield Parish, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
George Leslie, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Gilbert T. Wil1iams, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
HISTORY OF ROWLEY.
Rogers and his Company, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
House Lot laid out, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
Names of First Settlers, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
Other House Lots laid out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Town Boundaries, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Counties first formed, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
Military Matters, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
By-Laws, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
Other Settlers to 1700,. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Gorton and others, "Blasphemous Enemies," &c. " . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
Hog-Island Marshes laid out, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
Well keeping of the Sabbath, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Freemen's Oath, &c. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
Governors, how elected, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
New Charter, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167
Witchcraft, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
Indian Hostilities and Military Matters, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178
Eastern Indians, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192
Goodrich Family killed by Indians. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200
Military Officers appointed, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203
French War of 1744, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205
French War, continued, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223
and Troubles with
Whig Covenant, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233
Recantations of Tories, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234
Causes of War, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243
Revolutionary War, Constitution adopted, &c. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250
Expense of the War, and Men furnished by Rowley, . . . . . . . . . . . . 291
Shays's Insurrection, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 293
Soldiers detached, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 301
Address to President Adams, Resolves, &c. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 302
War of 1812, 309 First Parish, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 315
New Rowley, or Second Parish, first settled, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 320
Byfield Parish, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 329
Division of Land among the Parishes, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 337
Merrimack Lands, first settled, laid out, &c. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 341
Indian Purchase, Deeds, &c. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 371
Town Clerks, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 382
Representatives, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 383
Graduates, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 385
Physicians,. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 390
Schools,. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 392
Population,. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 397
Taxes and Valuations,. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 398
Statistics of Boots and Shoes made, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 403
Town Paupers, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 405
Votes for Governor since 1780, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 408
Mills, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 410
Hills, Ponds, &c. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 414
Earthquakes, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415
Dark Day,. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 417
Remarkable Preservation, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 424
Destruction by Fire, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 427
Burial Grounds, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 428
Deaths by Casualty, &c. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 433
Genealogical Register, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 438
People of Color, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 462
Post-Offices and Post-Roads, &c. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 463
Old and New Style, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 466
Annexations, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 467
Various Items, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 468
To the Rev. JAMES BRADFORD.
The undersigned, in behalf of the Committee of Arrangements for
celebrating the Second Centennial Anniversary of the settlement of
Rowley, hereby express their thanks for your very acceptable Address,
delivered yesterday, and respectfully request of you a copy for publi-
Signed, WILLARD HOLBROOK,
Rowley, September 6th, 1839.
To the Rev. WILLARD HOLBROOK, THOMAS GAGE, Esquire, and
Deacon JOSHUA JEWETT, acting in behalf of the Committee of Ar-
rangements for celebrating the Second Centennial Anniversary of
the settlement of Rowley.
Your communication, expressing your thanks for, and approbation
of, the Address, which I had the honor of delivering here on the 5th
instant, and requesting a copy for the press, I have received with
satisfaction. In compliance with your request, I submit the manu-
script to your disposal, earnestly desiring, that whatever of excel-
lence there is in it, may be for the perpetuity of the hallowed institu-
tions of our holy religion, among the inhabitants of this ancient town,
during all coming time.
Accept, Gentlemen, for yourselves, and the respected committee,
in whose behalf you act, my most cordial thanks for the kind recep-
tion and very generous treatment I have received among you.
Very respectfully your townsman and friend,
Rowley, 6th September, 1839.
IN the history of every people are events of peculiar
notoriety, which latest posterity is disposed fondly to
cherish, and which may be commemorated with great
propriety, pleasure, and profit. The parts of history,
which usually, if not invariably, please and instruct
us most, are those which exhibit to us illustrious per-
sons, in perilous situations, retaining their integrity,
conducting themselves with wisdom in the prosecution
of important objects, and overcoming great difficulties,
by untiring patience, unyielding fortitude, and unshaken
trust in God; and crowned, at length, with victory over
all opposition, and the smiles of approving Heaven.
To the inhabitants of
this Commonwealth, it would seem, that no subject could
be presented, that would claim deeper attention, and
take stronger hold on the heart, than the history of God's
wonderful dispensations towards their forefathers, and
particularly their Puritan and Pilgrim forefathers. To
their self-denial, their wisdom, their constancy, their la-
bors, their valor, their perseverance, privations, piety,
and prayers, we owe, under God, and our posterity to
the latest generation will owe, the possession of privi-
leges, civil and religious, surpassing those of any other
people upon earth.
To call to mind the virtues of those who have gone
before us, to impress more deeply upon the heart a
sense of the exalted privileges we enjoy, and, above all,
to fill and expand our soul with grateful emotions to him
from whom all good comes, is, I apprehend, the lau-
dable object of our meeting here, to-day, to celebrate
this second centennial anniversary of the settlement of
How admirable are the operations of Divine Provi-
dence! In how delightful, and yet how astonishing a
manner, does God often accomplish the purposes he
wisely and graciously determines! Infinite in holiness,
he proposes the best ends, and, infinite in wisdom, he
attains these ends in the best manner; often by means
even which seem to have a most contrary tendency. It
is God's high prerogative to bring good out of evil,
and, with untarnished purity and inscrutable wisdom, to
make the wrath of man even to accomplish his purposes
of mercy, and erect monuments of praise to his name.
Empire, learning, and religion, in ages gone by, have
been moving onward from east to west, and this conti-
nent is their last western stage; the vast Pacific, which
bounds our country towards the setting sun, will bound
their further progress in this direction. Here, in this
extensive territory, on this broad and elevated stage,
had God doubtless designed to exhibit a wonderful dis-
play of his wisdom, power, and truth, through the agen-
cy of a people raised up for that very purpose. But by
what instrumentality was this mighty work to be com-
menced? It was through the mysterious instrumentality
of persecution! Yes, it was the crushing, grinding in-
fluence of the persecutor's hand, both in church and
state, which was made instrumental, in the wonder-work-
ing providence of God, in peopling this our land with
godly and learned men, and of rearing our goodly fabrics
of freedom, piety, and literature, the blessings of which
are to descend to countless myriads yet unborn, both
here and in distant regions of the earth.
As the settlement of this town was made by those
who fled hither from the privations and persecutions ex-
perienced at home; especially as the church was here
organized, and the gospel ministry here commenced, by
the Puritans, and sustained, for a long time, by those di-
rectly descended from the Puritan fathers, there surely
will be a propriety, on this occasion, in briefly tracing
the events which led them from privileges, kindred, and
home, to seek an asylum in this then inhospitable and
Apostles, was as pure as the materials of which it was
constituted would permit. But, through the perverse-
ness of human nature, it eventually became deeply cor-
rupted, both in faith and practice. This corruption, in
the fourteenth century after Christ, was great indeed;
but at the close of the fifteenth, and in the commence-
ment of the sixteenth, it became extreme and intolerable.
The Pope had not only assumed the authority in spiritual
matters belonging to God alone, but, in worldly matters
also; had declared himself the sovereign of the whole
earth, and endeavoured to sustain his pretensions by
measures the most presumptuous, absurd, oppressive,
cruel. John Wickliffe, of
soon after, his martyred pupils in
Jerome of Prague and John Huss, seem first to have
arisen against the dominant usurpations of the Romish
church, sowing the seeds of the subsequent reformation,
and thus preparing the way for future reformers. But,
in 1517, the
undaunted Martin Luther, of
same time, Zuinglius, of
celebrated Melancthon, made a vigorous and successful
onset upon the extravagant superstitions then prevalent.
This, with what followed by men of like feelings, as
Calvin, Knox, Cranmer, and others, aroused the dor-
mant energies of the palsied world, opened the way for
complete emancipation from the shackles of popish dom-
ination, and led to the establishment of the church in
the order and purity of the gospel. This was the com-
mencement of what is called, by way of eminence, the
Reformation. But this was opposed, as it appeared in
influence he possessed. In 1547, he was succeeded by
his son, the amiable, sagacious, and virtuous Edward the
Sixth, a firm friend and efficient supporter of the Refor-
mation. He had just put in operation the wisest plans
to eradicate from his dominions the sordid fictions of
popery, and establish, in their place, the pure doctrines
and practices of Christianity, when death removed him,
after a reign of but six years. Mary, the sister of Ed-
ward, succeeded him. Her natural temper was tyran-
nical and cruel, almost beyond conception; and she was
madly zealous for the Romish cause. Persecution, in
its most barbarous and horrid forms, was employed
against all who acceded not to her wishes, or attempted
in the least to favor the Reformation. It was under her
cruel reign, that the eminent John Rogers, the first of
many who suffered death at the stake for their adherence
to truth and
duty, was burnt at
the reformers were driven to the continent, and took
But this reign of terror, blood, and death was short,
having continued but about five years, being happily end-
ed in 1558, by the death of Mary, and the accession of
half-sister, Elizabeth, to the throne.
though more mild in her natural temperament, as well as
in the exercise of her authority, having delivered her
the thraldom of
form of religious doctrine and ecclesiastical government,
here to many of the tenets of popery, and many of its
superstitious and idolatrous forms. Having the supreme
power over all ecclesiastical and spiritual matters by an
act of Parliament, and obtained a law to enforce an uni-
formity of doctrines and ceremonies throughout the
realm, and established the High Court of Commission for
the punishing of all who refused to comply with the act
of conformity, it is easy to perceive to what wretched
straits the friends of pure religion were now subjected,
under her reign even. On the accession of this queen to
the throne, many of those who had been exiles in foreign
lands, from the cruelties of Mary, returned to their native
country; and, bringing back with them enlarged views of
ecclesiastical discipline and divine worship, became very
zealous, with others of like sentiments, for a more per-
fect reformation in the Church of England, and for dis-
burdening the services of religion from all the innova-
tions and impositions of popery. Hence, by way of re-
proach, they were denominated Puritans ; and hence,
also, many were summoned before the Court of Commis-
sion, and questioned, reproved, threatened, and com-
manded to comply with the ceremonies appointed by
law. But the Puritans uniformly declared, that, in their
sincerest belief, a compliance would be a violation of
their duty to God, and begged to remain unmolested while
they disturbed not the public peace. But no favor was
shown them. A large number of ministers, many of
them of the most learned, pious, and popular, were de-
prived of their functions, separated from their families,
confined in common prisons, and subjected to privations
and penalties which reduced them to poverty.
Under King James the First, who came to the British
throne in 1603, and who was educated in the Reformed
Church of Scotland, the Puritans expected relief from
oppression. But in this they were disappointed. James
embraced, and rigorously adhered to, the same principles
been adopted by
the same cruel methods to support them. The only
considerable favor the Puritans could obtain of him was
a translation of the Bible, which is now in use, and
which was done in 1611; a copy of which, bearing that
date, is now in possession of the descendants of the
first settlers of this town, and was brought here by them
from their native land.
No light beaming upon the Puritans from any quarter,
they began to conceive the design, of seeking abroad
that religious freedom which they could not have at
home. At first, individuals and single families emi-
ernment interposed, and prohibited, by proclamation, all
departures. But the Puritans were not longer to be
confined by the chains of tyranny; through privations,
and toils, and sufferings unparalleled, they urged their
way; and, eventually, a Mr. John Robinson, with his
secured a retreat in
mained, with others that joined them, about eleven
years; when, by the desire to be freed from many in-
conveniences to which they were subjected, and by the
more powerful motive, the hope of laying a foundation
for the extensive advancement of the Redeemer's king-
dom in these then wild and inhospitable regions, they
to remove to
sailed on the 6th of September, 1620, and, on the 10th
1620, landed, with their effects, at
one hundred and one souls. In 1621, their number was
increased by the addition of thirty-five of their friends
In 1628, Mr. Endecott, who may be considered the
hundred, landed at, and commenced the settlement of,
June, 1629, three hundred more arrived at the same
place. The next year, 1630, Mr. John Winthrop,
having been constituted governor of the colony, and his
suit, with fifteen hundred settlers, came over; some of
Indeed, every year produced additions to the colony till
1640. At that time civil war broke out at home, and
emigrations ceased. From 1620 to 1640, a term of
twenty years, it is computed, that the number of emi-
grants to this country amounted to four thousand fami-
lies, or about twenty-one thousand British subjects,
among whom were many persons of great learning, emi-
nent piety, and high distinction; many in easy, and
others in affluent, circumstances.
Among the later emigrants were those, who, two hun-
dred years ago, sat down in this place, and here reared,
and fostered, and handed down to posterity, the inesti-
mable institutions of religion and learning.
The Rev. Ezekiel Rogers, who was at the head of
this settlement, was the first minister of the town. He
was born in
the eminently pious and learned divine, Rev. Richard
childhood and early youth, our Mr. Rogers was distin-
guished for genius, discernment, and learning. At the
twenty he was graduated, at the university at
bridge, as master of arts. Till about this time in life,
he himself says, in the preamble of his will, "I made
but ill use of my knowledge, and lived in a formal pro-
fession of religion. The Lord was pleased, by occa-
sion of a sore sickness, which was likely to be death, to
make me see the worth and need of Christ, and to take
such hold of him, as that I could never let him go to
this hour; whereby I am now encouraged to bequeath
and commit my soul into his hands, who hath redeemed
it, and my body to the earth, since he will give me,
with these eyes, to see my Redeemer." Having fin-
ished his education, he became chaplain in the pious,
learned, and accomplished family of Sir Francis Barring-
preaching, at this early time of life even, were attend-
ed with such powerful strains of oratory, that his min-
istry was very acceptable, much frequented, and re-
markably successful. After five or six years, profit-
ably and usefully spent in this family, Sir Francis be-
stowed upon Mr. Rogers the benefice of Rowley, in
inent usefulness, for seventeen years. At length, un-
willing to conform, he was suspended, and was induced
to seek a retreat from oppression and persecution, and
the privilege of worshipping God according to the dic-
tates of his own conscience, in this land of the Pilgrims;
or, as he himself tells the tale, "for refusing to read
that accursed book that allowed sports on God's holy
Sabbath, or Lord's day, I was suspended, and, by it
and other sad signs of the times, driven, with many of
in this country with many respectable families of his
"and most of them of good estate," in the autumn of
1638. He commenced the settlement of this place, in
April, 1639, with sixty families, who labored in common
about five years; but the act of incorporation was not
had till the 4th of September following. On the 3d
of December, 1639, Mr. Rogers was installed pastor
over the church, which was, probably, at that time or-
ganized; for we are informed, in the words of the histo-
rian, under this date, that "they," that is, the professed
friends of Christ then here, "renewed their church
covenant, and their call of Mr. Rogers to the office of
pastor, according to the course of other churches";
and it appears, that Thomas Mighill and Maximilian
Jewett were, at the same time, appointed deacons. The
number of which the church was first constituted, in the
absence of all records, cannot be determined. But if
sixty families, meriting the eminent appellation of "god-
ly," had taken up their abode here, it will not be ex-
travagant to suppose, that there were one hundred and
fifty members at the commencement, probably more.*
* The particulars of the organization of the church, the installation of Mr.
Rogers, the number of members of which the church was first
constituted, numbers added, &c., cannot be stated; for, if they were
recorded in church records, those records were lost by the fire which
consumed the dwelling of Mr. Rogers, near the close of his life.
Mr. Rogers had an annual salary of sixty pounds. The
first meeting-house was probably built in 1639; so emi-
nent were the Puritans, and so eminent are their genuine
descendants, to make the attainment of a place of Wor-
ship the object of their first concern. I say, probably
in 1639; for, early in the year following, mention is
made of it in an order of the General Court; and the
site of it was the very spot, or near it, where the present
congregational meeting-house now stands. Mr. Rogers
was a man of undoubted and ardent piety, sound learn-
ing, zealous and persevering in his efforts to advance the
cause of truth and holiness, and, for a considerable por-
tion of his life, at least, of great influence. Strong and
ardent in his passions, he was sometimes hurried from
the straight line of Christian duty; but such was his hu-
mility, that he was always ready to acknowledge his er-
rors and retrace his steps. His praise was in all the
churches about him, but especially in his own; where
his preaching, consisting peculiarly of the doctrines "of
regeneration, and union to the Lord Jesus Christ by
faith," was eminently successful. "In the management
of these points," says Cotton Mather, "he had a no-
table faculty of penetrating into the souls of his hearers,
and manifesting the very secrets of their hearts. His
prayers and sermons would make such lively representa-
tions of the thoughts then working in the minds of his
people, that it would amaze them to see their own con-
dition so exactly represented. And his occasional dis-
courses with his people, especially with the young ones
among them, and, most of all, with such as had been, by
their deceased parents, recommended unto his watchful
care, were marvellously profitable. He was a tree of
knowledge, but so laden with fruit, that he stooped for
the very children to pick off the apples ready to drop
into their mouths. Sometimes they would come to his
house, a dozen in an evening; and, calling them up into
his study, one by one, he would examine them, how
they walked with God? How they spent their time?
What good books they read? Whether they prayed
without ceasing? And he would therewithal admonish
them to take heed of such temptations and corruptions,
as he thought most endangered them. And if any dif-
ferences had fallen out among his people, he would forth-
with send for them, to lay before him the reason of their
differences; and such was his interest in them, that he
usually healed and stopped all their little contentions,
before they could break out into any open flames." It
is said, that a traveller, passing through town, inquired
of him, "Are you, Sir, the person who serves here?"
To whom he replied, "I am, Sir, the person who rules
So prominent and commanding were his talents, that
he was persuaded, in addition to his labors on the Sab-
bath, to give a lecture once in two weeks, for the benefit
of the inhabitants of other towns, as well as of his own
which was well attended, and with great satisfaction and
profit. But on account of this increased labor, a col-
league was settled to assist him.* In the latter part of
his life, Mr. Rogers was subjected to many calamities.
As Cotton Mather says, "The rest of this good man's
time in the world was winter; he saw more nights than
* It is not known how long the lecture, commenced by Mr. Rogers,
was continued; but a monthly lecture, holden on the first Wednesday
of each month was early established, and regularly sustained until
since the commencement of the present century.
days." The wife of his youth, who accompanied him"
expiration of about ten years. A second wife, the
daughter of the Rev. John Wilson, the first minister of
to the grave. He married a third wife, widow of
Thomas Barker, who survived him about seventeen
years; but the very night of this marriage, July 16th,
1651, his dwelling-house, with all his goods, the church
records, and the library he brought with him from Eng-
land, was consumed by fire. Soon after these events, a
fall from his horse so injured his right arm, that it was
ever after useless. All these distressing calamities befell
this man of God in rapid succession, and within four or
five years, which, it might well be supposed, with the
infirmities incident to advanced life, would utterly break
down his spirits, and paralyze all future efforts. But
such were not their effects. He sustained them with
Christian fortitude and resignation. His house was re-
built; his library replenished; his left hand was substi-
tuted for the right; his ministerial labors were continued;
and his heart was still set on doing good, and promoting
the honor of God. After a lingering illness, he died,
January 23d, 1660 -1, in the seventieth year of his age,
and the twenty-second of his ministry in Rowley. His
remains were interred in the grave-yard in this vicinity.
But "the tardy justice of the age" did not erect a
at the expense of this parish,
By his will, bearing date, April 17th, 1660, Mr.
and town of
carry on the ministry for ever, " on condition they should
pay Ezekiel Rogers, a son of his kinsman, Nathaniel
This condition was complied with at the expense of
more than half the value of all the lands. A due pro-
portion of this legacy was received by the west parish,
and about half of Byfield, then belonging to Rowley,
when they were incorporated as separate societies. The
property now possessed by this parish, in virtue of
this clause of Mr. Rogers's will, is estimated at about
$2,000. The value of other lands of the parish, pos-
sessed from different sources, is about $ 2,600. Mr.
ary institution of the kind in our country, founded
in 1638, the
year of his arrival in
principal part of his library; and, further, to the church
and town of
use of which he had bequeathed to his wife, on con-
dition, that they "maintain two teaching elders," that
is, a pastor and colleague, "in the church for ever";
allowing four years for the settling of an elder from
time to time, as vacancies occurred, by death or other-
wise; not doing this, the whole was to be forfeited
plied with, about 1700, during the ministry of Mr. Pay-
son, thirty-nine years after Mr. Rogers's death; and the
College claimed, and eventually received, the legacy
about 1734. The whole estate was estimated at about
L 1536, so that, in fact, Mr. Rogers was no incon-
siderable donor to that ancient and honorable institution.
(Appendix, A. 1.)
Mr. John Miller, one of the first settlers of the town,
was a minister of the gospel, and an assistant of Mr.
was designated, with two others, in 1641, by the elders,
at a meeting
ginia. This service he declined, and was soon after
The second pastor of this church was the Rev. Samuel
Phillips, the eldest son of the Rev. George Phillips,
who was a
native of the county of
there at the
was an eminently learned, pious, devoted, and success-
preacher, at Boxford,
Phillips was born in 1625. The father, unwilling to
throp, in 1630, bringing with him his son Samuel, then
about five years old, and became the first minister of
in 1664, was deeply lamented by the church in Water-
town, who manifested their great respect for him by edu-
cating this son, Samuel, who, in 1650, was graduated
here, colleague pastor with the Rev. Mr. Rogers, in
the twelfth year of Mr. Rogers's ministry, and ten
years before his death, with a salary of from £ 50 to
£ 90 yearly, according to the expense of living. In the
autumn of the same year in which he was ordained, he
Sarah, daughter of Samuel Appleton of
* After Mr. Miller, Mr. Rogers was assisted in the ministry by
Brock, a native of
in 1620, and came to this country when about seventeen years of age.
He was graduated at Harvard in 1646, commenced preaching here in
1648 and left for the Isle of Shoals about 1650. In 1662 he re-
was settled at
of honorable descent. They had a numerous family;
six sons and five daughters. Mr. Phillips was highly
esteemed for his piety and talents, which were of no
common order, and was eminently useful both at home
and abroad. He officiated, repeatedly, at the great pub-
lic anniversaries, which put in requisition the abilities of
men in the
it is not known, that any of his productions were printed,
yet it is on record, that, in 1675, he preached before
the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, and, in
1678, before the General Court of the Commonwealth.
From 1666, about fifteen years after Mr. Phillips's set-
tlement, to the time of his death, including thirty years,
ninety-three persons were added to the church; fifty-
four of them in four several years, viz. in 1669, 1684,
1685, and 1695. After Mr. Rogers's death, and during
Mr. Phillips's ministry, Samuel Brocklebank, William
Tenney, John Pearson, Ezekiel Jewett, and John
Trumble, were appointed deacons in this church. When
the town first became possessed of a meeting-house bell,
is not known; but the earliest mention of one is in
1658, towards the close of Mr. Rogers's ministry, which
was suspended upon a frame, erected to receive it, near
the meeting-house. In 1695, the year before Mr. Phil-
lips's death, the town voted to build a new meeting-
house, forty-six feet by forty-four, which was completed,
November 7th, 1697. On the 22d of April, 1696, Mr.
Phillips died, aged seventy-one years, and in the forty-
sixth year of his ministry.
The descendants of Mr. Phil1ips are among the most
distinguished men of our country, especially "by their
civil stations and munificent patronage of institutions of
learning and benevolence." The Rev. George Phillips,
Mr. Phillips. The Rev. Samuel Phillips, an eminent
founder of the academy in
shire, and his brother, the Hon. Samuel Phillips of An-
founded and liberally endowed the academy in that town,
with another brother, the Hon. William Phillips of Bos-
ton, who also contributed liberally to the seminary at
Andover, were all great-grandsons of Mr. Phillips of
this place. Lieutenant-Governor William Phillips of
Boston, "whose name," it is well said, "is mentioned
wherever Christian munificence is honored," and Lieu-
tenunt-Governor Samuel Phillips, a member of the Pro-
vincial Congress in 1775, and an assistant in forming the
constitution of this Commonwealth in 1780, a man of
ardent, but humble piety, sound learning, and enlarged
benevolence, and the Hon. John Phillips of. Boston,
many years President of the Senate of Massachusetts,
and the first Mayor of that city, were descendants of the
fourth generation. The Hon. John Phillips of Ando-
ver, who, with his mother, Phoebe Phillips, and others
of a like benevolent spirit, founded the Theological
Seminary in that town, was a descendant of the fifth
generation from Mr. Phillips of this place. "By such
acts of most honorable munificence," says the biogra-
pher, "bave the family, which bears the name of Phil-
lips, proved to the world, that the blessing of wealth
may fall into hands which shall employ it to the best of
purposes." There are still in this Commonwealth, and
other portions of our country, many eminent individuals,
descendants of the Phillipses, of whom I will only say,
that, while they view it an honor to be able to claim an
ancestry so highly distinguished, they will unquestionably
feel their obligation to show themselves worthy of it.
(Appendix, A. 2.)
The third minister of this place was the Rev. Samuel
Shepard. He was son of the Rev. Thomas Shepard,
who was born near Northampton in England, November
5th, 1605, a day rendered memorable in the annals of
the British nation by the discovery of the well known
powder-plot. Exposed to persecution, on account of
his Puritan principles, at home, he fled to New England,
and arrived in 1635, and was soon after settled at Cam-
bridge in this State. "As a preacher of evangelical
truth," says his biographer, "and as a writer on experi-
mental religion, he was one of the most distinguished
men of his time. It was on account of the energy of
his preaching, and his vigilance in detecting, and zeal in
opposing, the errors of the day, that, when the founda-
tion of a college was to be laid, Cambridge, rather than
any other place, was pitched upon as the seat of the
seminary. He was the patron of learning, and essen-
tially promoted its interests. He was distinguished for
his humility and piety." (Allen. ) It was the son of
such a Puritan father, who was born, October, 1641, at
Cambridge, and graduated at Harvard in 1658, that was
settled here, November 15th, 1665, in the gospel min-
istry, as colleague with the Rev. Mr. Phillips, thirty-
one years previous to his death. He married Dorothy,
daughter of the Rev. Henry Flint, one of the first min-
isters of Braintree, and left one child, a son. So far
as any information remains respecting Mr. Shepard, it
shows, that he was a man of a most excellent spirit, and
very precious in the hearts of his people. But his min-
istry and his life were short. He died, April 7th, 1668,
after a ministry of less than three years, in the twenty-
eighth year of his age, and twenty-eight years previous
to the decease of Mr. Phillips. (Appendix, A. 3.)
After Mr. Shepard's decease, the town, designing to
comply with the conditions of Mr. Rogers's will, em-
ployed, besides others, Mr. Samuel Brackenbury, who
assisted Mr. Phillips two years, and Mr. Jeremiah
Shepard, a brother of the Rev. Samuel Shepard, more
than three years, who afterwards preached at Chebacco
parish, in Ipswich, now Essex, and subsequently was
settled at Lynn, and died there, June 2d, 1720, aged
seventy-two years.* (Appendix, A. 4.)
The Rev. Edward Payson was the fourth settled
minister of Rowley. He was son of Edward Pay-
son, of Roxbury, Massachusetts; was born there,
June 20th, 1657, and graduated at Harvard, 1677. !
*It is understood, that this Jeremiah Shepard was not a member
of any church, having made no public profession of religion, at the
time he preached at Rowley and Ipswich, --an extraordinary fact,
indeed, for those times of puritanical strictness! !
! The following is a copy of the letter of dismission and recom-
mendation of Mr. Payson, from the church of Roxbury to the church
of Rowley, written and signed by that venerable "Apostle of the
Indians," the Rev. John Eliot, first pastor of the church at Rox-
bury, Massachusetts, fifty years after his settlement there, viz.
"9 day, 8 Mo: 1682.
"To the Rev. Mr. Phillips, pastor of Rowley.
"Reverend and beloved in Jesus Christ. Divine Providence hav-
ing called our beloved brother, Mr. Edward Payson, to live and labor
among you, he desireth a dismission from our communion unto yours,
which we readily give him with our blessing, beseeching God to
make him a blessing among you, through Christ Jesus, to "whose
grace and guidance we commend you, with earnest desires of mutual
prayers; and so we rest your loving brethren.
with the consent of the fraternity of the church at Roxbury."
It is not known by whom Mr. Phillips was assisted
during the four years next following the time that Mr.
Jeremiah Shepard left in 1676 ; but the town records
show, that Mr. Payson was first employed in 1680, and
August 17th, 1681, he received a call to settle, no one
objecting, and was ordained, as colleague with Mr.
Phillips, October 25th, 1682, about fourteen years pre-
vios to Mr. Phillips's decease, with £ 100 as a settle-
ment, and a salary, during Mr. Phillips's life, of between
£ 50 and £ 60, and an income as teacher of the Latin
school. After Mr. Phillips's decease his salary was in-
creased to £ 100, and his fuel. Mr. Payson was mar-
ried, November 7th, 1683, to Elizabeth, daughter of
the Rev. Samuel Phillips. They had a numerous family
of children. The names of seventeen are preserved,
and several others died in infancy. Tradition says, they
had twenty children in all, of whom ten survived Mr.
Payson. In 1724, he buried his first wife; and, in
1726, he married Madam Elizabeth Appleton, widow
of the Ron. Samuel Appleton of Ipswich; daughter of
William Whittingham of Boston, and great-granddaugh-
ter of the Rev. William Whittingham, who was chosen
pastor of the first congregational church, since the days
Christianity, gathered at
zerland; an eminent Puritan, who fled from England in
the reign of Queen Mary, leaving behind him an estate
of £ 1,100 sterling, per annum; thus demonstrating how
much stronger, in pious minds, are conscientious princi-
ples, than a love for the riches, honors, and pleasures
of the world. The descendants of Mr. Payson are quite
numerous in this town and elsewhere.* The prayer of
* Mr. Farmer, in his "Genealogical Register," says, that the late
the apostolic Eliot, that God would make Mr. Payson
a blessing here, seems to have been answered in his
behalf; for his labors were evidently made more abun-
dantly successful among the people, than those of any
other minister. From the death of Mr. Phillips, in
1696, about fourteen years after Mr. Payson's settle-
ment, to the death of Mr. Payson, in 1732, that is,
during thirty-six years of his ministry, there were added
to the church two hundred and seventy-one. The great-
est addition, at anyone time, was immediately after the
great earthquake, on the night following the 29th of Oc-
tober, 1727, which was sixty. Mr. Payson died, Au-
gust 22d, 1732, in the seventy-sixth year of his age,
and the forty-ninth or his ministry. It is not known, that
any productions of Mr. Payson were committed to the
press, except a sermon, delivered to his people in 1727,
occasioned by the great earthquake, founded on Lamen-
tations iii. 41: "Let us lift up our hearts with our
hands unto God in the heavens." During the ministry
of Mr. Payson, Samuel Palmer, Timothy Harris, Hum-
phrey Hobson, and Joseph Boynton were appointed
deacons in the church. (Appendix, A.5.)
The Rev. Jedediah Jewett was the fifth settled min-
ister of Rowley. He was the son of Jonathan Jewett
of this place, and a great grandson of Joseph and Ann
Jewett, who were among the first settlers of the town.
He was baptized, June 3d, 1705, graduated at Harvard,
1726, and ordained colleague of Mr. Payson, Novem-
ber 19th, 1729, about three years previous to Mr. Pay-
Rev. Edward Payson, D. D., of Portland, was a direct descendant of
this Mr. Payson of Rowley; and so says the "Quarterly Review."
But such is not the fact. He probably descended from a brother of
our Mr. Payson.
son's death, with a settlement of £ 300, and a salary of
£ 90, which was considerably increased in succeeding
years. He married, in 1730, Elizabeth Dummer, daugh-
ter and only child of Richard Dummer of Newbury.
They had two children only, a son and a daughter.
His wife died, April 14th, 1764; and he married, Octo-
1765, Mrs. Elizabeth Parsons of
Common as the name is here, there are now none of
Mr. Jewett's descendants in this town, and but few in
other places. The Jewetts here descended from the
same original stock, but not through him. Mr. Jewett
was evidently a faithful parish minister.* During his
services here there were added to the church two hun-
dred and nineteen; ninety-six in two special revivals;
one in 1741 and 1742, and the other in 1764 and 1765.
Several of Mr. Jewett's sermons were published. The
last he preached, which was at the ordination of the Rev.
David Tappan of Newbury, April 18th, 1774, was put to
press. From that service he returned unwell, and died
on the 8th of May following, in the forty-fifth year of
his ministry, aged sixty-nine. Mr. Jewett was pos-
sessed of considerable property, much of which came
by his first wife. This he principally bequeathed to his
children; though, with a spirit of generous philanthropy,
and a just regard to the rights and enjoyments of others,
he provided for the manumission of his two female
slaves, who had descended to him from his father-in-
* The inscription upon his tombstone informs us, that "he was a
skilful, fervent preacher of the doctrine of God's grace to lost men,
through Jesus Christ; preached it as a doctrine according to godli-
ness, so as to teach them, who had believed in God, to maintain good
works. He also took heed to himself; was so pious, charitable, pru-
dent, and patient, as to be an example to the flock."
law Dummer, and made his estate, in the hands of his
children, liable for their maintenance, in case of poverty
and need in their old age. On the death of Mr. Jewett,
the church was left destitute of a pastor for the first time
since the settlement of the town in 1639, a period of
one hundred and thirty-five years; a fact, a parallel to
which can be found but in few, if any, of all our New
England churches. Before the death of Mr. Jewett,
Edward Payson, Francis Pickard, David Bailey, Moses
Clark, Thomas Mighill, and Jeremiah Jewett, were ap-
pointed deacons. The parish voted to defray the ex-
pense of the funeral of Mr. Jewett, and erect a suitable
monument at his grave.* In 1747, during the ministry
of Mr. Jewett, the parish voted to build a new meeting-
house, sixty feet by forty-two, with a steeple and spire;
this house was completed in 1749, about fifty years after
the erection of the last. (Appendix, A. 6.)
For about eight years, next succeeding Mr. Jewett's
death, the parish remained destitute of a settled minister,
and in a restless, divided condition. Within that period
they multiplied candidates exceedingly, and for half of
that time they were incessantly, and at intervals, vio-
lently agitated, relative to the employment and settle-
ment of a Mr. John Blydenburgh. (Appendix, A 7.)
The records show, that but very few individuals were
added to the church during all that time of turmoil,
strife, and destitution of the regular administration of the
word and ordinances.! The good providence of God,
* The first meeting held by the people as a parish, distinct from the
town, was in January 1733-4, in the early part of Mr. Jewett's
! In this season of darkness and distraction it was, viz. August,
1777, that the meeting-house spire was struck with lightning and
however, did not leave this ancient church and people
to continued divisions, contentions, and destitution of a
settled ministry. All these evils ceased on the settle-
ment of Rev. Ebenezer Bradford, as the sixth minister
of the place. Mr. Bradford was a native of Canterbury,
Connecticut, and a lineal descendant of the fifth generation
of William Bradford, one of the first company of Puritan
emigrants who arrived, in 1620; the second governor of
Plymouth Colony, which office was conferred upon
him for thirty years out of thirty-six, and who was emi-
nently instrumental in "establishing and preserving the
United States."* Mr. Bradford was born in 1746,
graduated at Princeton, New Jersey, in 1773, licensed to
preach August, 1774, and ordained to the work of the
gospel ministry by the Presbytery of New York, at a ses-
sion held at South Hanover, New Jersey, July 13th, 1775. !
Mr. Bradford preached two years, or more, in Danbury,
Connecticut, and was there when Danbury was burnt by the
British, in 1777. From the fire and sword of the enemy,
he fled with his family and part of his effects, and returned
much injured. The town's stock of powder was then in the garret
of the house, but neither that nor the house was ignited. While this
spire was repairing it was supported by three strong ropes, extending
if; in different directions to three several trees; one to a tree on much
lower land than that on which the meeting-house stands. Upon this
rope Mr. Moses Jewett, Jun. son of the chairman of the committee
of repairs, a strong, athletic man, a blacksmith by trade, ascended to
the staging which was built around the spire, upon which he was re-
ceived, by the aid of two men, much exhausted.
* Robbins's "Historical Review."
! The Quarterly Register says Mr. Bradford's ordination was in
1778; but the original certificate, now before me, says, as above, Ju-
ly 13th, 1775.
in season to preserve his dwelling from the flames already
kindled within it. Mr. Bradford preached and adminis-
tered the ordinances in various parts of the country,
whenever he was called in providence, without particu-
lar reference to settlement, and, it is said, with great ac-
ceptance and eminent success.* October 22d, 1781,
the church having previously given Mr. Bradford a call,
the parish voted, two only dissenting, to unite with them;
and proffered him, as a settlement, real estate valued at
£ .200, and as a salary £ 100, to be made as good as in
1774, and twelve cords of wood annually; and August
4th, 1782, he \Vas here settled. Mr. Bradford was mar-
ried to Elizabeth Green, daughter of Rev. Jacob Green,
of Hanover, New Jersey, and sister of the present venera-
ble Dr. Ashbel Green, of Philadelphia, April 4th, 1776.
They had nine children, all of whom survived their fath-
er; though but four, three sons and one daughter, are
now living. At the time of Mr. Bradford's settlement
* Mr. Bradford was peculiar in appropriating his texts to the circum-
stances. On a journey through this region, he had stopped and
preached a Sabbath here. In the midst of the divisions then existing
about ministers in the parish, he was permitted to leave without any
arrangement being made with him for further services. After he was
gone, it was found that a very general impression was made in his
favor, and a committee was despatched. to request his immediate re-
turn. He was overtaken a hundred miles from this, and was in-
duced at once to retrace his steps, and appeared before the people on
the succeeding Sabbath with the text, Acts x. 29, "Therefore
came I unto you, without gainsaying, as soon as I was sent for; I
ask therefore for what intent ye have sent for me?" On another occa-
sion, being appointed by Presbytery to preach in a destitute and very
ungodly parish, where ministers were often insulted in the desk even,
he took, Job xxi. 3, "Suffer me that I may speak; and after that I
have spoken, mock on;" and he had a very silent and attentive au-
here, the church consisted of eighty-three members. Dur-
ing his ministry eighty-four were added; twenty-nine of
these as the fruits of a special revival, which commenced in
1800, and extended into 1801. Under the particular in-
struction of Mr. Bradford, numbers prepared for the minis-
try; and for a number of years he sustained a school here
of a high order, first in his own dwelling, and then in a
house he provided and appropriated for the purpose.
Various sermons and other productions of Mr. Bradford
were published. The inscription upon his tombstone,
which was erected by the parish, is as follows, viz. "Sa-
cred to the memory of the Rev. Ebenezer Bradford,
A. M., who departed this life January 3d, 1801, aged fifty-
five years, nineteen of which he was pastor of this church.
Possessing a mind ardent and active, and an eloquence
prompt and popular, he was distinguished fur the frequen-
cy, the fervor, and the impression of his religious dis-
courses, [insisting in them principally on the doctrines of
grace, of which he was ever a decided advocate]; of
manners conciliatory, and a mind open to persuasion.
He was, not withstanding, undaunted by opposition, reso-
lute in his temper, strong and warm in his emotions and
passions; he earnestly pressed to the accomplishment of
all his designs and undertakings. As a husband, parent,
and friend, tender, anxious, and true. As a Christian,
sincere and exemplary. As a pastor, faithful. Such
was the man whose earthly remains are here deposited,
whose labors in the vineyard of the Lord were eminently
blessed, who hath entered into his rest, and whose mem-
ory is precious."
The parish granted about $110 to defray the funeral
charges of Mr. Bradford, including $50 for suitable
attire for the family. It was during Mr. Bradford's
ministry, in 1795 and 1796, that considerable repairs
were made upon the meeting-house, and a porch built at
the south end of it, through which were stairs leading
to the gallery. About the-same time it was, that the old
practice of repeating the reading of the psalm, or hymn,
line by line by the deacon, previous to singing, after-
a severe struggle between the adherents of the ancient
and modern mode, was entirely abandoned.* Before
Mr. Bradford's death, George Jewett was appointed a
deacon. (Appendix, A. 8.) For three years after Mr.
After hearing the Rev. David Tullar three or four
months, the church and parish voted, August 3d, 1803,
to give him a call, and proffered him a salary of $ 450;
and he was reinstalled as the seventh settled minister
here, December 7th, 1803. Mr. Tullar was born in
Simsbury, Connecticut, September 22d, 1749, graduat-
ed at Yale, 1774, ordained at Windsor, Vermont, March,
1779, and installed at Milford, Connecticut, 1784. In
accordance with the advice of a mutual council, he was
dismissed from Rowley, October 17th, 1810, after a
ministry of about seven years. During his ministry here,
twenty persons were added to the church. Subsequent-
ly he preached some months at Williamstown in this State,
and received a call to settle there; then at Bloomfield and
Leroy in New York for some seven or eight years, when
he returned to Rowley, and for a number of years supplied
the parish of Linebrook. When age and infirmity
* This practice of lining the psalm, or hymn, was not had amongst
our earlier forefathers; it was introduced into the worshipping assemblies
many years after the first settlement of the country. Among those
of the Plymouth colony it came first into use about 1681, more than
sixty years after their settlement.
necessitated him to discontinue his ministerial labors,
he removed to Sheffield, in this State, where he deceased
on the 23d ult., nearly at the close of his ninetieth year.
Mr. Tullar married, September 24th, 1779, Charity Fel-
lows, of Sheffield, who is still living in her eighty-second
year; they had no children. Mr. Tullar was the first
minister dismissed from this church and people from the
commencement, a period of one hundred and seventy-
one years; a decided evidence that whatever may have
occasionally existed, they have not characteristically been
given to division, strife, and change.
For about two years after Mr. Tullar's dismission, dif-
ferent candidates were employed. In 1812, James W.
Tucker received a call, and became the eighth settled
minister here. Mr. Tucker was born in Danbury, Con-
necticut, in 1787, graduated at Yale, 1807, and was or-
dained June 24th, 1812, with a settlement of $ 500, and
an annnal salary of $ 600. He married Harriet Atwater,
of New Haven; their children were four daughters, and
one son. Mr. Tucker expressed a strong desire to live,
and labor, and die with this people; but he considered
the salary of $ 600 insufficient for the support of his
growing family, and the parish being unwilling to increase
it, he asked a dismission, which took place June 24th,
1817, just five years after his settlement. Twenty-three
persons were added to the church during his ministry.
Mr. Tucker died at Springfield, New Jersey, February
11th, 1819, aged thirty-two years. Mr. Tucker was a
man of excellent spirit, sound learning, refined taste, and
devoted piety; and was highly esteemed for his many
and excellent attainments and virtues, as a Christian and
Soon after the dismission of Mr. Tucker, the parish
gave a call to the Rev. Seth Chapin, which Mr. Chapin
accepted. A mutual council, after hearing parties,
voted that it was not expedient to proceed to his installa-
On the 21st of May, 1818, Willard Holbrook received
a call, and the proffer of a salary of $ 600, to which he
gave an affirmative answer. Mr. Holbrook, the ninth
settled minister here, and present pastor of the church,
was born in Uxbridge, Worcester County, Massachu-
setts, April 7th, 1792, graduated at Brown University in
1814, and ordained here July 22d, 1818. He married
Margaret Crocker, of Londonderry, New Hampshire,
June 22d, 1819; they have had six children. At the
time of Mr. Holbrook's settlement, the church consisted
of eighty-four members; from that period to July last,
twenty-one years, ninety-nine have been added; fifty-two
of these in four years, viz, in 1821 nine, in 1827 fourteen,
in 1830 fifteen, in 1832 fourteen. In July last, the
church consisted of ninety-five members; twenty-six only
of whom were members at the time of Mr. Holbrook's
ordination. The present officiating deacons in the church
are Joshua Jewett, appointed in 1807, and Nathaniel-
Mighill, appointed in 1828. The next year after Mr.
Holbrook's ordination, the parish repaired the meeting-
house, taking down the tall spire and building a cupola
in its stead, and underpinning the house with hewn stone,
all at the expense of about .$ 1,000.* (Appendix, A 9.)
The whole number of admissions to this church, from
its organization down to June last, excepting those who
* A Sabbath school is sustained by this church and parish, con-
taining about one hundred and fifty pupils, and a bible class of about
thirty; they contribute annually to benevolent objects about $ 200.
may have been admitted for about twenty-seven years, a
period including the whole of Mr. Rogers's ministry and
a part of Mr. Phillips's, of which there are no records, and
any admitted at different times when the parish has been
vacant, is estimated at eight hundred and seventy-three.
The whole number of baptisms, from 1666, about
five years after the death of Mr. Rogers, to 1782, the
time of Mr. Bradford's settlement, a period of one hun-
dred and sixteen years, is two thousand nine hltndred
and thirty. From the year 1690, the practice of bap-
tizing the children of all such as had themselves been
baptized in their infancy, and were willing to take upon
them what was denominated "the half way covenant,"
though they professedly and practically withheld their at-
tendance on the Lord's Supper, prevailed in this church.
On the settlement of Mr. Bradford, in 1782, this amazing
absurdity was abolished, and none but members in full
communion have since been permitted to bring their
children to the ordinance of baptism. The whole num-
ber baptized since this reformation is about three hundred,
making in all three thousand two hundred and thirty.
In this church, as far back as information extends, the
ordinance of the Lord's Supper has been administered
every sixth Sabbath, which has been invariably preceded
by a lecture preparatory thereto, on some day, usually
on Friday, of the previous week.
The pastors of this ancient church have all been
strictly evangelical in their sentiments and preaching.
All of them were men of unquestionable piety, and some
of them preeminently devoted to Christ and the pro-
motion of his cause.
The second church in Rowley, now Georgetown, was
organized October 4th, 1732, ninety-three years after
the organization of the first church, and about one year
after the parish was incorporated, by the signature of
eighteen males to a covenant, to which, not long after-
wards, numbers, both male and female, were added.
The Rev. James Chandler was the first pastor of this
church. Having received a call, with the proffer of
£ 300 settlement, and £ 110 salary, according to the
value of money, and twenty cords of wood, he was or-
dained on the 20th October, 1732. William Fisk and
William Searle were the first deacons. Mr. Chandler
was a native of Andover, born 1706, and graduated at
Harvard, 1728. He married Mary, the daughter of the
Rev. Moses Hale, of Byfield. They had no children.
He was a man of sound doctrine, exemplary life
and conversation, dignified deportment, and greatly es-
teemed, generally, by his own people, highly respected
abroad, and very successful in his ministry. He died,
April 19th, 1789, aged eighty-three years, and in the
fifty-seventh year of his ministry, having been in office
longer, by seven or eight years, than any other minister
of the town. In-June, 1729, two years before the
church was organized, the frame of a meeting-house was
erected by proprietors, which, probably, was completed
and became the place of worship not long after. In
1769, a new meeting-house, fifty-five feet by forty, was
raised, with a steeple and porch, all in one day. This
house was dedicated, September, 1770, and the dedi-
cation sermon preached, by the eminent Rev. George
Whitefield, of England, from 1 Kings viii. 11 : "The
glory of the Lord hath filled the house of the Lord." *
* It is not known for certain, on what day the dedication sermon
was preached. Mr. Whitefield preached in Rowley, September 12
The funeral charges of Mr. Chandler were paid by the
parish. (Appendix, B. 1.)
After Mr. Chandler's death, this church was desti-
tute of a pastor more than eight years; and during that
period sixty-four preachers supplied, for a longer or
shorter time, three or four of whom received a call to
settle. February 14th, 1797, the parish concurred with
the church in calling the Rev. Isaac Braman, with the
proffer of £ 200 settlement, and £ 80 salary, and, con-
ditionally, an addition of £ 10, and ten cords of wood,
which has been somewhat increased from time to time.
Mr. Braman was born at Norton, 1770, graduated at
Harvard, 1794, ordained June 7th, 1797. He married
Hannah Palmer, of Norton, in 1797; and they had five
children, three sons and two daughters. He married
Sarah Balch, of Newburyport, in 1837.
At the commencement of Mr. Braman's ministry, there
were but twelve resident male members in the church.
Instances of special religious interest occurred among his
people in the early part of his ministry. Latterly, pre-
cious revivals have been experienced, as the fruits of
which many have been added to the church. The whole
number of additions during his ministry is two hundred
and twelve; and the whole number now in the church is
one hundred and sixty-three. The 7th of June last
and 13,1770, then returned to Boston. September 21, he departed
from Boston upon a tour to the eastward. On the 23d (Sabbath), he
preached in Portsmouth, and continued to preach there and in that
vicinity till the 29th, when he preached in Exeter, and rode to New-
buryport, where he arrived that evening. Sabbath morning, Septem-
ber 30, he died, about 6 o'clock. A few very aged people, now living,
heard the dedication sermon, remember the text, and say the ser-
mon was preached in the morning. It might, therefore, have been
preached on the morning of the 12th, 13th, or 22d of September.
completed forty-two years since Mr. Braman's ordina-
tion; and the 18th of October next will complete a
hundred and seven years since that of his venerable pre-
decessor. Hitherto the Lord hath smiled propitiously
upon this church and society, and their present pastor;
let goodness and mercy follow them still, and those that
come after them, to the latest posterity. The Lord's
Supper is administered in this church, and has been from
the commencement, every sixth Sabbath, with a pre-
paratory service. A Sabbath school was organized
here in 1817, which contains about two hundred and
fifty pupils. The annual donations to benevolent ob-
jects amount to $ 450. The first meeting-house bell,
was had in this parish since Mr. Braman's ministry, and
not until the autumn of 1815.* The modern mode of
singing was introduced into this parish about half a cen-
tury since. (Appendix, B. 2.)
As early as 1702, the inhabitants of Byfield, then
called "The Falls," erected a house of worship very
near the spot where the present house stands; and were,
about the same time, dismissed both from the towns and
churches of Rowley and Newbury, to which they pre-
viously belonged. The Rev. Moses Hale was their
first minister. He was born in Newbury in 1678,
graduated at Harvard, 1699, and ordained, November
17th, 1706, sixty-seven years after Mr. Rogers. Mr.
Hale's salary was regulated, from year to year, accord-
ing to the value of money. He married Elizabeth,
daughter of Richard Dummer, Esq. who died in 1703.
His second wife was Mary, daughter of Deacon William
* In 1816, their house of worship was extensively repaired, and
again in 1832, and enlarged in 1836.
Moody. They had two sons and four daughters. Mr.
Hale died in 1743, in his sixty-sixth year, and the thir-
ty-seventh of his ministry. The records of the church,
to Mr. Hale's death, are lost. The first meetinghouse
bell, possessed by the parish, was a donation from the
Hon. Nathaniel Byfield, about 1710, at which time, by
an act of General Court, the parish was called by
its present name, in honor of this benefactor. *
In 1744, the church and parish gave a call to the Rev.
Moses Parsons, with the offer of a salary of £ 250, old
tenor, and the use of the parsonage; and he became the
second minister of Byfield. He was born in Gloucester,
graduated at Harvard, 1736, ordained June 20th, 1744.
His wife was Susannah Davis. They had four sons and
one daughter. The two eldest, William and Eben,
were distinguished and wealthy merchants in Boston.
Eben presented the second bell to the parish, where he
spent the latter part of his life, and where, in his own
family tomb, his remains were deposited. His memory
is still precious; for, by means of his timely charities,
he caused the hearts of many, that were sick and in
affliction, to rejoice. Theophilus, the third son, was
the late eminent chief justice of the Supreme Court of
this Commonwealth. Mr. Parsons died, December
11th, 1783. In 1746, the early part of Mr. Parsons's
ministry, the second meeting-house was built, with
steeple and spire.
* Farmer, in his "Genealogical Register," says, "He was the son
of the Rev. Richard Byfield, of Long-Ditton, in Sussex, England,
and the youngest son of twenty-one children; was born in 1653, came
to Boston in 1674, was a Speaker of the House of Representatives in
1693, a Colonel, and a Judge of the Court of Common Pleas for
Bristol County. He died at Boston, 1733, aged eighty."
After about four years, the Rev. Elijah Parish be-
came the third minister of Byfield. He was born in
Lebanon Connecticut, 1762, graduated at Dartmouth,
1785, and ordained, December 20th, 1787, in the eve-
ning. On account of difficulties, the council could not
be prepared to proceed earlier; and Mr. Parish per-
petuated the remembrance of the event ever after by an
anniversary sermon. In 1796 he married Mary Hale,
daughter of Deacon Joseph Hale, of that parish. They had
five children. Dr. Parish was frequently called to
preach on public occasions; and various occasional ser-
mons of his have been printed. The Gazetteer of the
Eastern Continent, and the History of New England,
were the joint works of Dr. Parish, and the late Dr.
Morse of Charlestown. Modern Geography, and the
Bible Gazetteer are works of his own. Since his death,
a volume of twenty sermons has been published.
He died, October 15tb, 1825, aged sixty-three years,
and in the thirty-eighth of his ministry.
The Rev. Isaac R. Barbour, the fourth minister, was
born at Bridport, Vermont, 1794, graduated at Middle-
bury, 1819, installed December 20th, 1827, and dis-
missed in 1833. Just before Mr. Barbour's dismission,
the meeting-house was destroyed by fire, whether by
design or not is unknown. Another house was imme-
diately erected, sixty-two by forty-five feet, and dedi-
cated on the 7th of November of the same year; and a bell
was purchased in the place of that destroyed by the fire.
The Rev. Henry Durant, the fifth and present min-
ister, was born at Acton, Massachusetts, June 18th,
1802, graduated at Yale, where he was four years Tu-
tor, in 1827, and ordained, December 25th, 1833.
His salary is $ 500, and use of parsonage, valued at
$100. This church now consists of one hundred and
forty-three members, which, with the society, usually
contribute about $150 a year for benevolent objects.
A Sabbath school is sustained, numbering about one
hundred scholars. (Appendix, C. 1.)
Linebrook parish is constituted of inhabitants of Row-
ley and Ipswich. November 15, 1749, a church was
organized there by the signature of sixteen males to a
covenant. This was on the same day of the ordination
of their first minister, the Rev. George Lesslie, and pre-
paratory to it. Mr. Lesslie was the son of the Rev.
James Lesslie, who came from Scotland, and settled at
Topsfield, when George was about two years old.
George graduated at Harvard in 1748, and preached in
Linebrook, during a year, previous to his settlement.
He was dismissed, November 30, 1779, and, in 1780,
was installed at Washington, New Hampshire, where he
died in 1800, aged seventy-two. He married Hepzi-
bah, daughter of Deacon Jonathan Burpee, of his own
parish; and they had eight children, six of whom were
sons. Mr. Lesslie fitted numbers for college and for
the ministry. He possessed a powerful intellect, was
an eminent scholar, and a pious and useful minister.
(Appendix, D. 1.)
The Rev. Gilbert Tennent Williams was their second
minister. He was son of the Rev. Simon Williams,
of Windham, New Hampshire, was born, in 1761, at
Fogg's Manor, New Jersey, graduated at Dartmouth,
1784, and ordained, 1789. He was dismissed in 1813,
after a ministry of twenty-five years. In 1814 he was
installed over the second church in Newbury, which he
left in 1821, and died at Framingham in 1824, aged
sixty-three. (Appendix, D. 2.)
From 1823 to 1830, this parish was supplied by the
Rev. David Tullar, the seventh minister of Rowley.
During the seven years of his ministry there, he was in-
strumental of gathering a scattered flock, and adding
numbers to the church, and thus preserved them from
threatened extinction. When Mr. Tullar commenced
his labors there, the church consisted of two female
members. In 1833, there were thirty-four members,
fourteen of them males. After Mr. Tullar, they had
the labors, for several years, of the Rev. Moses Welsh.
Mr. Francis Welsh is now with them. Though few in
number, they are now united, and for years past have
enjoyed the presence and blessing of the Most High.
The first meeting-house in this parish was erected within
the limits of Rowley in 1744, five years previous to the
settlement of the first minister, but was not finished till
1747. It was removed and rebuilt, where it now stands,
within the bounds of Ipswich, in 1828. A Sabbath
school is sustained in this parish.
As early as 1754, individuals in the second church of
Rowley became dissatisfied with the preaching of their
pastor, and withdrew from the ordinances, and ultimately
from the church, and with others, principally from
Rowley, Bradford, and Newbury, sustained worship by
themselves. In 1769, they purchased the old meeting-
house of the second parish, and rebuilt it within the
limits of Bradford, where they had worship, part of
each year, for several successive years, though they
never had a settled minister. These "Separatists," as
they styled themselves, did not at first profess to be of
a different denomination from those they had left, but
eventually they embraced the sentiments of the Baptists;
and this is the origin of the first Baptist church and so-
ciety in the bounds of ancient Rowley. In 1781, they
unanimously agreed to become a branch of the Baptist
church at Haverhlll, on certain specified conditions, and
were accepted and organized as such. Samuel Harri-
man, who had previously become a member of the Ha-
verhill Baptist church, and who was, doubtless, the first
person of the town of Rowley, who became a professed
member of this denomination, was appointed elder of
this branch. In 1782, their meeting-house was taken
rebuilt in Rowley, now
in 1785, this branch, by petition, was set off as a dis-
tinct church. At this time the church consisted of
thirty-six: members; and Elder William Ewing became
their pastor, who was dismissed in 1789. The same
year Elder Abijah Crossman became their pastor, and
was dismissed in 1793. In 1797, Elder Shubal Lovell
became their pastor, and continued thirteen years, when
he was dismissed. They then had Elder J. Converse,
who was dismissed in 1818. In 1819, Elder Simeon
Chamberlin commenced pastoral labor with them, and was
dismissed in 1826. The same year, Elder Ezra Will-
marth became their pastor, and was dismissed in 1834.
In 1836, the Rev. John Burden was ordained, and is now
in office. In 1829, this society built a new meeting-
house on their parsonage, forty-five by thirty-five, at the
expense of $ 1,700. In 1837, this house was removed
nearly half a mile, to a more desirable location. The so-
ciety has a parsonage farm of about sixty acres, given by
Elder Samuel Harriman, and Samuel and Benjamin Plum-
mer. At the first of August last, the church consisted of
one hundred and fifteen members. They raise about
$ 20 for benevolent objects, and have a Sabbath school of
about one hundred and fifty pupils. ( Appendix, E. 1.)
The second Baptist church, being in the old parish
that was, became organized November 17th, 1830, con-
sisting of twelve members, most of them from the first
Baptist church. The present number of members is
thirty-five. From 1831 to the present time, the Rev.
Caleb Clark, Dr. Chaplin, George Keely, and Benja-
min C. Grafton, supplied this church and society, with
salaries varying from $ 300 to .$ 425. For fourteen
years previous to 1830, the society worshipping with
this church had public services usually in a neighbouring
hall. But in 1830, they built a commodious house of
worship, fifty feet by thirty-five, at the expense of
$ 2,000, which was dedicated the same year. In this
society the Sabbath school has been in operation about
eight years, and numbers about sixty pupils. For be-
nevolent purposes they pay about $ 50 annually. (Ap-
pendix, F. 1.)
The first Universalist society in Rowley, now George-
town, was organized in 1829. Fifty-nine males, belong-
ing to Georgetown and vicinity, have become members
by signing their constitution. In 1834, they built a
meeting-house, forty-five by thirty-five, at a cost of more
than $ 2,000, where they have usually had preaching
every other Sabbath, at the expense of about $ 200 an-
nually. Some years since a Sabbath school was estab-
lished in this society; but it has not been sustained.
Bradford, first called Merrimack, was settled while
yet a part of ancient Rowley. As early as 1669, the
inhabitants erected a house of worship, and settled for
their first minister the Rev. Zechariah Symms, son of
the second minister of the same name in Charlestown,
who came from England in 1634, and was an intimate
friend of Ezekiel Rogers. The son was born at Charles-
town in 1637, graduated at Harvard, 1657, ordained,
December 27th, 1682, at Bradford, where he had pre-
viously preached fourteen years. He died there in 1708,
His son, Thomas, was the second minister. He was
born at Bradford, 1678, graduated at Harvard, 1698,
and installed 1708, where he died, in 1725, in his forty-
The Rev. Joseph Parsons was the third minister.
He was born at Brookfield, Massachusetts, 1702, gradu-
ated at Harvard, 1720, ordained 1726, and died in
1765, aged sixty-three.
The Rev. Samuel Williams, LL. D., the fourth min-
ister, was born at Waltham, 1743, graduated at Harvard,
1761, ordained 1765, dismissed 1780. He left his
people to become Professor of Mathematics in Harvard
College. He died in 1817, in his seventy-fifth year, at
Rutland, Vermont, of which State he wrote a valuable
The Rev. Jonathan Allen, the fifth minister, was born
at Braintree, 1749, graduated at Harvard, 1774, ordained
1781, and died in 1827, aged seventy-eight.
The Rev. Ira Ingraham, the sixth minister, was born
at Cornwall, Vermont, about 1796, graduated at Middle-
bury, Vermont, 1815, installed 1824, and dismissed in
1830; he had previously been settled at Orwell, and at
The Rev. Loammi Ives Hoadly, the seventh minister
of Bradford, was born at Norfolk, Connecticut, graduated
at Yale, 1817, installed 1830, and dismissed in 1833; he
had before been settled at Worcester.
The Rev. Moses Coleman Searle, the eighth minister,
was born at Rowley, 1797, graduated at Princeton, 1821,
installed, 1833, and dismissed in 1834 ; he had been pre-
viously ordained at Grafton.
The Rev. Nathan Munroe, the ninth and present
minister, was born at Minot, Maine, 1804, graduated at
Bowdoin, 1830, and ordained February 10th, 1836.
The church at Bradford was organized 1682, at the
time of the settlement of their first minister; there are
now one hundred and seventy-three members belonging
to it. A Sabbath school and bible class are sustained
there, having about two hundred and fifty pupils; and
about $ 300 annually are contributed to objects of be-
nevolence. (Appendix, G. 1.)
The second church in Bradford was organized in
1727, and the Rev. William Balch was ordained at the
same time as their first pastor. He was born in Beverly,
in 1704, graduated at Harvard, 1724, and died January
12th, 1792, aged eighty-eight.
The Rev. Ebenezer Dutch, the second minister, was
born at Ipswich, 1751, graduated at Brown, 1776, or-
dained colleague with Mr. Balch, 1779, and died, 1813,
The Rev. Gardner Braman Perry, the third minister,
and now in office, was born at Norton, Massachusetts,
1783, graduated at Union, 1804, and ordained Seprem-
ber 28th, 1814; Mr. Perry was previously a Tutor two
years at Union. This church now consists of about two
hundred members; the Sabbath school and bible class
have about two hundred pupils; their contribution to
benevolent objects annually amounts to $ 125. (Ap-
pendix, G. 2.)
In 1831, a Methodist church was organized in Brad-
ford; in 1833, they built a meeting-house and formed a
regular society. The Rev. William Ramsdell is their
present preacher. The church consists of about fifty
members. They have a Sabbath school of fifty scholars;
and contribute to benevolent objects about $ 25 annually.
The first church was organized in Boxford, which was
originally a part of Rowley, in 1702; and Thomas
Symms, afterwards minister of Bradford, was their first
pastor. He was ordained, 1702, and dismissed in 1708.
The Rev. John Rogers, the second minister of Box-
ford, was born at Salem, graduated at Harvard, 1705,
ordained 1709, dismissed 1743, and died at his son's, in
The Rev. Elizur Holyoke, the third minister, was
born at Boston, May 11, 1731, graduated at Harvard,
1750, ordained, January 30, 1759, and died, 1806, aged
The Rev. Isaac Briggs, the fourth minister, was born
at Halifax, about 1775, graduated at Brown, 1795, in-
stalled September 28, 1808, and dismissed 1833; he
had previously been settled at York, in Maine.
The Rev. John Whitney, the fifth minister, was born
at Harvard, graduated at Amherst, 1831, ordained Oc-
tober 15,1834, and dismissed, 1837.
The Rev. William S. Coggin, the sixth minister, and
now in office, is the son of the Rev. Jacob Coggin of
Tewksbury, where William was born November 27,
1813; he was graduated at Dartmouth, 1834, and ordained
May 9th, 1838.
This church consists of fifty-four members, and their
Sabbath school of about one hundred and fifty scholars;
and their annual contributions to benevolent objects
amount to about $ 100. ( Appendix, H. 1.)
The second church in Boxford was organized De-
cember 9th, 1736; consisting of thirty-six members.
The Rev. John Cushing, the first minister, was born at
Salisbury, 1709, graduated at Harvard, 1729, ordained
December 9, 1736, and died January 25, 1772, aged
The Rev. Moses Hale, the second minister, was born
in Newbury, 1748, graduated at Harvard, 1771, ordained
November 16, 1774, and died May .26, 1786, aged
The Rev. Peter Eaton, D.D., the third and present
minister, in the second parish in Boxford, was born at
Haverhill, March 15th, 1766, graduated at Harvard, 1787,
and ordained October 7th, 1789. The Rev. Dr. Eaton
is now the oldest minister in the county, being in his
seventy-fourth year; and has been longer in the ministry
than anyone now in office, having nearly completed half
a century; may his sun set without a cloud. (Ap-
pendix, H. .2.)
In the eleven churches whose history has been given,
there have been, including those now in office, in the
first parish nine pastors; in the second two; in the first
Baptist eight; in Byfield five; in Linebrook two; in
Bradford, first parish, nine; in second parish three; in
Boxford, first parish, six; in second parish three; in all
forty seven pastors. All those of the congregational
churches, thirty-nine in number, received a collegiate
education, and much the greater part of them at Harvard.
These eleven churches have, at the present time, more
than nine hundred members among a population of about
six thousand. Their annual contributions to benevolent
objects, in connexion with their respective societies,
amount to about fourteen hundred dollars; and they have
under Sabbath school instruction more than thirteen hun-
dred pupils. Of the seventy-one persons from this town
who have had a public education, including Georgetown
and Bradford, forty-seven have entered the ministry; and
there are others now looking forward to the same im-
Some years since temperance societies, on the principle
of total abstinence from the use of ardent spirits, were
formed here and in Georgetown; with which, it is esti-
mated, a majority of the inhabitants, including females
and minors, are now connected.
The number of deaths in Rowley during the first
century after the settlement of the town, according to the
records, which do not by any means include all, was
1,025 ; during the second century, the number was 2,545,
making in all 3,570. Of the 2,545 who died in the second
century, and whose ages only are recorded, seventy-two
were over ninety; and four arrived to a hundred years
and upwards. Duncan Stewart, a ship-carpenter, died
in 1717, aged one hundred. Dr. David Bennet, died
in 1718, aged one hundred and three. Widow Sarah
Hayden died in 1729, aged one hundred and three.
Widow Anna Grant died 1801, aged one hundred and
Years and generations cease not to roll. The young-
est, if they live, must be old ; an~ the oldest must die."
The days of Methuselah were nine hundred sixty and
nine years, and he died." "Blessed are the dead who
die in the Lord."
There is neither time nor strength on my part, nor, I
apprehend, patience on yours, for the many interesting
thoughts, which, in view of the preceding, now press
for utterance; bear with me, however, a few minutes
longer, and I will close.
While we review with genuine gratitude the distin-
guishing favors of heaven towards our ancestors, and,
through them, to us, we ought to feel deeply our obliga-
tion to make the grand object for which they subjected
themselves to privations, sufferings, and toils, our grand
object also. Probably no providential dispensations to-
ward any people on earth, if we except the Israelites,
are so great and wonderful as those manifested towards
our Puritan fathers. They saw the hand of God in them
and gave Him the glory. And should not we, who are
now so richly enjoying the fruits of their sacrifices and la-
bors, should not we to-day call upon our soul and all
that is within us to bless and praise the Lord? But our
gratitude should not be in emotions and words only.
True gratitude will prompt us to act; prompt us to labor
and make sacrifices to perpetuate the blessings so dearly
procured, and hand them down unimpaired to latest pos-
terity. It was not, be it understood by us and by every
future generation in all coming time, it was not a natural-
ly discontented, restless, roving disposition, nor a thirst
for worldly gain, nor the desire of civil liberty even, that
urged our ancestors, aged and young, females as well as
males, from kindred, and friends, and many precious en-
dearments of life, across the untried Atlantic, to sit down
on these desolate and uncultivated shores. No; but the
chief end was the enjoyment and promotion of true reli-
gion, according to the doctrines and order of the Bible.
The poet has well expressed it.
"There were men with hoary hair,
Amidst the pilgrim band:
Why had they come to wither here,
Away from their childhood's land?
There was woman's fearless eye,
Lit by her deep love's truth;
There was manhood's brow serenely high,
And the fiery heart of youth.
What sought they thus afar?
Bright jewels of the mine?
The wealth of seas, the spoils of war?
They sought a faith's pure shrine "
And should not this, at every necessary expense and
labor, be our grand object, both for ourselves and our
posterity? Let me not be misunderstood? It is not to
anyone particular sect I say this, but to all. As it
would be sinful to desire, and vain to expect, the extinc-
tion of anyone denomination of real Christians, so it
is idle in the extreme, I apprehend, to look for the amal-
gamation of all denominations into one. It may be God
has permitted, as one has well said, some varying winds
of opinion to move upon the face of the deep, to main-
tain motion, purity, and life. But all jealousies and col-
lisions should cease, and all together, each in their own
mode, seek to promote the same grand object, the per-
petuity of true religion, and its hallowed institutions.
Here is work for all and room for all, and should any be
indifferent, or idle, or stinted, in their efforts? My
friends, for what would you part to-day with your relig-
ious institutions, and all their blessed influence on the
present and eternal existence of yourselves, your families;
and kindred? Can you name a price? And is any
thing too much to do, that you may have them continued
unimpaired? And will they not be as valuable to your
posterity, as they are to yourselves? Then, as your an-
cestors acted for you as well as for themselves, so should
you for myriads yet unborn. And permit me to remind
you, that the most efficient method of promoting the de-
sired object is the maintenance of a regular and perma-
Without the ministry, religion and its institutions can-
not be upheld, for so has God ordained; and as he has
made use of the ministry, preeminently, in the accom-
plishment of his purposes of mercy towards men, in pre-
ceding ages, so he will continue to do to the end of time.
To say nothing of the divinely inspired Apostles, and the
primitive preachers of the Gospel, who, I ask, were
the chief instruments of the mighty reformation from
popery, and of translating the Scriptures and giving them
to the people in their own tongue? Who have been the
principal defenders of Christianity and its institutions from
the ruthless attacks of infidels, and poured out a flood of
religious instruction, by the printed page, to enlighten,
guide, and savingly benefit both old and young? To
whom, under God, do we owe the origin of the various
benevolent enterprises of the day, and plans for reforma-
tion, and their successful advancement? Need I tell you
it is to ministers? To what extent are the irreligious
found to be convinced of sin and converted truly to God,
and Christians carried forward in the divine life, without
the Christian minister? Indeed, where do good morals
flourish, where is learning patronized, where do civiliza-
tion and civil liberty smile on degraded man, and the
Christian ministry has no part in it? Who in fact were
more instrumental in settling New England, and rearing
our precious institutions of religion, learning, and liberty,
and who more efficient in sustaining them, than ministers?
Am I charged with boasting? I repel the charge; I do
but justly magnify the office.* The ministry, I say, to
* Do you object, and say, the ministry is corrupt? That there are
defections, sad, awful, soul-rending, in the ministry of all denomina-
tions, I acknowledge with unutterable grief; and also that when a
minister of the holy religion of Jesus proves recreant to his high
be most efficacious should be regular and permanent.
The first parish in this town had the ministrations of the
gospel without interruption one hundred and thirty-five
years, and for two whole centuries, have been without a
settled pastor but fourteen years. The second parish
have been destitute but eight years out of one hundred
and seven. And is it necessary to stop to recount the
beneficial results to the people, both for this world and
the next? Examples of the sad consequences of the
want of a regular gospel ministry are many in our country,
but just look at those arising from this source among this
people, the next eight years after Mr.' Jewett's decease,
when the notorious Blydenburgh took a part so con-
spicuous, during which division and strife abounded,
and but a very small number \vas added to the church!
Does not this speak volumes in favor of a regular and
permanent ministry? In what eight years of any man's
ministry in this town, either before or since, has there
been such a destitution of good fruits? Indeed, with
what church in all New England, that was regularly sup-
plied, have eight years passed away with so few additions;
discord, and strife, and demoralizing influences innumera-
ble, out of the question? Depend upon it, a church and
society are, ordinarily, in lamentable circumstances, for
the time being, when contenting themselves with an
trust, it is as when an armour-bearer falleth. But in what age of
the church have there not been defections in the ministry, not, ex-
cepting that of the Apostles themselves? What then? Let Judas be
branded as a traitor, and Peter too, till he repents; but let not the
other Apostles, and our blessed Lord himself, come under condem-
nation for their faults; let it not be denied, that the ministry is still
preeminently useful, and will be, in proportion as all who are in it are
holy and devoted as ministers should be.
irregular and unsettled ministry; and in a fair way even-
tually to be utterly broken down ,and scattered, and to
entail upon those who come after them a degradation
little inferior to that of the heathen. But be not satisfied
with a regular and permanent ministry even; if you
would have all the benefits such a ministry is calculated
to convey, give it an ample support.
This is needful to make the ministry permanent. An-
cienty, the ministers lived and died with their people.
They were amply provided for; so that it was unnecessa-
ry to change for the sake of an income; and hence could
devote their time to study and the peculiar duties of
their office, become eminent scholars and divines, and
exert an influence, which, to this day even, is prover-
bial. A similar course, now, would produce nearly
similar results. Rowley has done well in this matter,
and ,was amply remunerated. The ministers were fully
supported; and it was not till the expiration of one hun-
dred and seventy-one years, that a single pastor was
dismissed in the old parish; and in the second parish
there bas been no dismission for one hundred and seven
years. The ministers, it was said, were fully supported.
This, relative to those of the first parish at least, is evi-
dent, from the amount of property left at their decease.
Mr. Rogers's estate was appraised at £ 1,535; Mr.
Phillips's at £ 989 ; Mr. Shepard's at £ 515 ; Mr. Pay-
son's at £ .2,580; Mr. Jewett's between £ 3,000 and
£ 4,000; Mr. Bradford's at $ 4,6.26. Now, however
they may have obtained this property, they had it, and
the benefit of it ; and whatever was then its value, it is
evident, they and their families were amply provided for.
But many ministers, of a later day, have left, at their
death, not as many pence as they did pounds. Look
abroad, and you will find in almost, if not quite, all the
counties in this Commonwealth, widows and families of
deceased ministers, who, were it not for some small do-
nations from funds designed for their use, would be ex-
ceedingly straitened for a comfortable livelihood. In
years that are gone by, a settlement was usually given
to ministers; now very seldom. Then a farm was had;
now a garden is not always attainable. Then the salary
was graduated according to the value of money; now it
is a fixed sum, worth little or much. Then the neces-
saries of life were much less expensive than now, and
the calls for aid to benevolent objects were comparative-
ly few; now they are so numerous, that few ministers
can fulfil the Apostolic injunction, "Be thou an ex-
ample of the believers -- in charity." Then ministers
had less labor and more aid than now. Mr. Rogers had
the assistance of Mr. Miller and Mr. Brock in the com-
mencement of his ministry; and when he established a
lecture once a fortnight, he applied for a colleague and
had one; and so had his successors down to the fifth
minister; but now a minister must do his work alone,
greatly increased as it is. Then ministers had time to
improve advantages for increasing the means of support,
without curtailing their official labors [Mr. Payson and
Mr. Bradford had schools] ; but now they must have
two, perhaps three, services upon the Sabbath, and as
many more during the week, attend concerts and con-
ferences at home, and anniversaries and other meetings
abroad, so that, if the complaints of churches and par-
ishes would not deter them from attention to other con-
cerns to increase their means of support, and were it
expedient to employ them, yet they would be prevented
for want of time and strength. I do not mean, that min-
isters should be rich, nor do I believe it best they should
be poor. I am well a\ware, that this is a subject, which
may be thought not very suitable for ministers themselves
to present; but I do not blush at all to urge it even.
For, although it is true, that "so hath the Lord ordained,
that they which preach the gospel should live of the
gospel," yet it is not for ministers, on their own account,
that I plead, for, rich or poor, if they have the spirit of
their divine Master, they will feel, that they must preach
the gospel; that" necessity is laid upon them, and woe
is unto them, if they preach not the gospel." But it is
not best for a church and people, that their minister
should be poor; and hence it is, that I shamelessly con-
tend for their ample support. They, who unduly stint
their minister, stint themselves. If they "sow sparing-
ly, they reap also sparingly." Their ministry thus be-
comes irregular and changeable. They usually obtain
less able men, and sadly cramp and palsy the energies
of him they have; and, besides, my friends, there is a
manifest injustice in the matter, upon which indignant
Heaven usually frowns. But, it may be asked, what is
included in an ample support. I can now answer no
better than in the words of a late minister: "Your
minister should be furnished with a comfortable habita-
tion, with food and decent apparel. He must be able
to educate his children. He must have books. He
must be an example of liberality. He ought, occasional-
ly, to travel for health and improvement; and he ought
to lay up something for his wife and children in antici-
pation of his own decease." If, then, you would per-
petuate the inestimable blessings of gospel institutions,
for which the fathers suffered and toiled, make them ob-
jects of your chief regard; and to this end maintain a
regular and permanent ministry, and maintain it well.
Nor be satisfied with giving a mere pecuniary support.
A minister, co do you the greatest amount of good,
needs a better support than this. With a due propor-
tion of your property, he needs your faithful attendance,
with your families, on all his ministrations; he needs,
also, union among yourselves, and a cordial cooperation
in all his efforts to do good; and he needs your unceasing,
fervent prayers to God, without whose spirit, a Paul,
or Apollos, or a Gabriel even, might labor in vain, and
spend his strength for nought. Let these things be duly
regarded in all the parishes, and religion will flourish
among you and around you; future generations will rise
up and call you blessed, as you do this day your fore-
fathers; and the salutary influence of religious institu-
tions, through your instrumentality, will flow down here
for ages and centuries to come, yea, to latest posterity.
Having once more, after fourteen years' absence, visit-
ed this my native place, and fulfilled the appointment
with which I have been honored, according to the means
of information afforded me, my measure of health, op-
portunity, and ability; having again looked around upon
the places and objects familiar to my childhood and
youth, and united with acquaintance and friends in cele-
brating this interesting day; and being now admonished,
by the increase of years and the decays of nature, that I
shall never walk these streets, nor gratify my eyes with
these scenes again, I am constrained, in anticipation of
the close of my present visit, to bid them all a solemn
This hill of youthful science, the site of the village
school where I was taught the rudiments of knowledge,
farewell. Hills, and dales, and brooks, and fields, and
groves, endeared by a thousand fond recollections, fare-
well. Mansion of my birth, the once happy home of
father and mother, brothers and sisters, most of whom
have now a mansion in the grave, farewell. This sacred
desk, where, from the lips of an honored father and
other servants of God, I have often heard the truth;
that family-seat, this ancient house, in which I have
listened, trembled, and resolved, farewell. Surviving
companions of my childhood and youth, and aged fathers
and mothers, my parents' remaining friends and mine,
farewell. Yonder graves of parents, honored and be-
loved, around you I linger, but to you, also, I must say,
farewell. Respected friends, till our arrival, through
rich grace in Christ Jesus, in that world where years
and centuries of years shall cease to roll, and all the
myriads of the redeemed of every generation shall meet
to trace the history of God's providence, and everlast-
ingly celebrate his wonders of love to the children of
men; till then, farewell, farewell. There, blessed be
God, there, during the countless ages of eternity, will
there be no more occasion to say, farewell.
APPENDIX TO THE ADDRESS.
THE first mention of Mr. Rogers, after he came to this
country, which has been transmitted to us, is, that he ap-
before Mr. Wilson's
1638, 10 mo. 2 day, and requested, for himself and for
his people, the liberty of partaking of the Lord's Sup-
per with them, and did first impart his desire to the elders,
and having given them satisfaction, they acquainted the
church with it, and before the sacrament, being called forth
by the elders, he spoke to this effect, viz. that he and his
company, (viz. divers families who came over with him this
summer,) bad, or a good time, withdrawn themselves from
the church communion of England, on account of the many
corruptions that are among them. But, first, he desired,
that he might not be misunderstood, as if he did condemn
all there; for he did acknowledge a special presence of God
there; in three things. 1st. In the soundness of doctrine
in all fundamental truths. 2d. In the excellency of minis-
terial gifts. 3d. In the blessing of God upon the same,
for the work of conversion, and for the power of religion;
in all which, there appeared more in England than in all
the known world besides. Yet there are such corruptions,
that we could not, with safe conscience, join any longer
with them. The first, their national church. Second, their
hierarchy, wholly antichristian. Third, their dead service.
Fourth, their receiving (nay compelling) all to partake of
the seals. Fifth, their abuse of excommunications wherein
they inwrap many a godly minister, by causing him to
pronounce their sentence, &c., they not knowing, that the
fear of excommunication lies in that. Hereupon they be-
wailed before the Lord their sinful partaking so long in
those corruptions, and entered a covenant together, to walk
together in all the ordinances, &c. --Winthrop.
1643. 3 mo. 10 day. Mr. Rogers preached the Elec-
tion Sermon, in which he described how the man ought to
be qualified whom they should choose for Governour, dis-
suading them earnestly from choosing the same man twice
together, and expressed his dislike of that, with such ve-
hemency as gave offence. But when it came to trial, the
former Governour ( Mr. Winthrop) was chosen again.
1647. 8 mo. 4 day. The Synod began at Cambridge.
The next day Mr. Rogers preached in the forenoon, and
the magistrates and deputies were present. In this sermon
he took occasion to speak of the petitioners,* (then in ques-
tion before the Court,) and exhorted the Court to do justice
upon them, yet with desire or favor to such as had been
drawn in, &c., and should submit. He reproved also the
practice of private members making speeches in the church
assemblies, to the disturbance and hindrance of the ordi-
dances, also the call for reviving the ancient practice in
England, of children asking their parents' blessing upon
their knees, &c. Also, he reproved the great oppressions in
the country, &c., and other things amiss, as long hair, &c.
Divers were offended at his zeal in some of these pas-
The following is a copy of a letter written by Mr. Rogers,
* Referring to the petition of Mr. Peter Hubbard [or Hobart], of
Bingham, and others, sent to England. --Hutchinson's History of
TO THE ADDRESS. 57
with his left hand, to the Rev. Zechariah Symms, minis-
ter of Charlestown,
Under date of the "6th of the 12th. month., 1657.
" DEAR BROTH ER,
"Though I have now done my errand in the other pa-
per,* yet methinks I am not satisfied to leave you so sud-
denly, so barely. Let us hear from you, I pray you. Doth
your ministry go on comfortably? Find you fruit of your
labors? Are new converts brought in? Do your children
and family grow more godly? I find greatest trouble and
grief about the rising generation. Young people are little
stirred here; but they strengthen one another in evil, by ex-
ample, by council. Much ado I have with my own family;
hard to get a servant that is glad of catechising, or family
duties. I had a rare blessing of servants in Yorkshire;
and those I brought over were a blessing; but the young
brood doth much afflict me. Even the children of the god-
ly, here and elsewhere, make a woful proof, so that I
tremble to think what will become of this glorious work
that we have begun, when the ancients shall be gathered
unto their fathers; I fear grace and blessing will die with
them, if the Lord do not show some signs of displeasure,
even in our days. We grow worldly everywhere; me-
thinks I see little godliness, but all in a hurry about the
world; everyone for himself; little care of public or com-
mon good. It hath been God's way, not to send sweeping,
judgments when the chief magistrates are godly, and grow
more so. I beseech all the Bay ministers to call earnestly
upon magistrates, (that are often among them,) tell them,
that their godliness will be our protection. If they fail, I
shall fear some sweeping judgments shortly; the clouds
seem to be gathering.
"I am hastening home, and grow very asthmatical and
* Another letter on business (no doubt), which accompanied this.
short-breathed. Oh! that I might see some signs of good
to the generations following to send me away rejoicing!
Thus I could weary you and myself, and my left hand; but
I break off suddenly. O good brother, I thank God, I am
near home; and you, too, are not far off. Oh! the weight
of glory, that is ready waiting for us, God's poor exiles!
We shall sit next the martyrs and confessors. Oh, the
embraces, wherewith Christ will embrace us! Cheer up
your spirits in the thoughts thereof; and let us be zealous
for our God and Christ, and make a conclusion. Now the
Lord bring us well through our poor pilgrimage.
" Your affectionate brother,
A Resurrection to Immortality
is here expected,
for what was mortal
of the Reverend
Put off January 23., 1660.
When preachers die, what rules the pulpit gave
Of living, are still preached from the grave.
The faith and life, which your dead pastor taught,
Now in one grave with him, Sirs, bury not.
A Mortuo disce vivere ut Moriturus ;
E Terris disce cogitare de Coelis.
-- Mather, Magnalia.
The Rev. Ezekiel Rogers's Will.
I, Ezekie] Rogers, born at Wethersfield, in Essex, in
Old England, now of Rowley, in Essex, in New England,
being at this time of good memory and competent health,
through God's mercy; yet not knowing when the Lord may
TO THE ADDRESS. 59
be pleased to put an end to this pilgrimage; do ordain and
make this my last will and testament. And first I will and
desire everlasting praises be given to the one holy God in
Jesus Christ, as for all his mercies to "which are innu-
merable, so for these three special blessings. First, for
my nurture and education under such a father, Mr. Richard
Rogers, in catechism and knowledge of the holy Scrip-
tures, the want whereof I see to be the main cause of the
errors of the times. Secondly, that whereas till I was about
twenty years of age I made but ill use of my knowledge,
but lived in a formal profession of the religion, the Lord
was pleased, by occasion of a sore sickness which was
like to be death, to make me to see the worth and need
of Christ, and to take such hold of him as that I could
never let him go to this hour, whereby I am now encour-
aged to bequeath and commit my soul into his hands who
hath redeemed it, and my body to the earth; since he will
give me, with these very eyes, to see my Redeemer. Third-
ly, for my calling, even to be a minister of the gospel, the
most glorious calling in the world, which the Lord brought
[me] into, not without difficulty, for my [day] being in the
time of the hottest persecution of that bloody hierarchy, and
being enlightened concerning the evil and snare of sub-
scription and ceremonies, I was advised to give over the
thought of the ministry, and to betake myself to the study
and practice of physic, but the Lord mercifully prevented
that; for though it be a good and necessary culling, I have
observed, that the most, through their own corruption, have
made it to themselves the very temptation to covetousness
or lust, or both; I therefore chose rather to lie hid about a
dozen years, ill an honorable family, exercising myself in
ministerial duties for about a dozen years after my leaving
the University. Then the Lord gave me a call to a public
charge at Rowley, in Yorkshire, where, by the gentleness
of Toby Mathew, I was favored both for subscription and
ceremonies, and enjoyed my liberty in the ministry about
seventeen years in comfortable sort, till for refusing to
read that accursed book that allowed sports on God's holy
Sabbath, or Lord's day, I was suspended, and, by it and
other sad signs of the times, driven, with many of my hear-
ers, into New England, where I have lived in my pastoral
office about [twenty-one] years, with much rest and comfort,
believing the way of the churches here to be according to
the present light that God hath given, the purest in the
whole world. Now age and infirmities calling upon me to
look daily for my change. I profess myself to have lived
and to die an unfeigned hater of all the base opinions of
the Anabaptists, and Antinomians, and all other phrenetics,
dolays of the times, that spring from thence, which God will,
ere long, cause to be as dung on the earth. I do also pro-
test against all the evil fashions and guises of this age, both
in apparel and that general disguisment of long ruffian-like
hair, a custom most generally taken lip at that time, when
the grave and modest wearing of hair was a part of the
reproach of Christ, as appears by the term of round heads,
and was carried on with a high hand, notwithstanding the
known offence of so many godly persons, and without pub-
lic expression of their reasons for any such liberty taken.
As for my estate, I will and dispose thereof as followeth.
First, I do bequeath and give to my well-beloved wife,
Mary Rogers, my dwelling-house, barn, and all the out-
houses, also, my orchard, gardens, and the yards belong-
ing and pasturage adjoining to the orchard on both sides
of the brook, also the hemp-yard, also the upper house-lot
on the other side of the highway, with all the land and
horse pasture adjoining to the same land; I give her also
six acres of arable land, by the house of Ezekiel Northend,
and my part of the warehouse pasture; also, I give her
hay-ground, salt and fresh, so much as my overseers shall
judge sufficient to afford one year with another, thirty loads
TO THE ADDRESS. 61
of hay, and where she will choose it, and all this only for
her natural life. Also I give to my said wife all my goods,
household-stuff, cattle, corn, and all my stock whatsoever.
I give to my loving nephew, Mr. Samuel Stone, of Con-
necticut, thirty pounds.
I give to my cousin, his son John, ten pounds.
I give to my dear brother and fellow-officer, Mr. Phil-
lips, five pounds, and Aquinas his works in folio.
I give to my sometime servant, Elizabeth Jenney, alias
Parrot, ten pounds.
To my loving niece, Mrs. Mary Watosius, of Malden, in
Essex: in Old England, I give ten pounds.
To my loving niece, Mrs. Eliza Cowton, wife of the
preacher of Rotterdam, in Holland, I give ten pounds.
I give to the wife of my cousin Rogers, of Billerica,
I give to my two present maidservants, each of them,
one ewe lamb.
All and every of these several legacies I will to be paid
year after my death, except that into
they shall appoint and empower any from themselves, or
any merchant or merchants here, that may receive it in
their behalf, and for their uses, and give a full acquittance,
as empowered from them, that so my executrix or overseers
may be fully discharged thereof.
I give all my Latin books to Harvard College in Cam-
bridge, and some English books, as appears in the cata-
Item. The rest of my estate in lands, that are not given
unto my wife during her natural life, that is, the land at
planting-hill, the land called Shatowell's ground, and all
the rest, be it meadow, fresh or salt, or other upland whatever
and one third part of gates or commonage, I give to the
church and town of Rowley upon condition, that they pay,
or cause to be paid, or legally tendered, unto Ezekiel Rog-
ers, the son of Mr. Nathaniel Rogers, late pastor of the
church of Ipswich, deceased, the fun sum of eight score
pounds in country pay; the one half, that is to say, four
score pounds, within one year after my death, the other four
score pounds, to be paid the next year after, that is, within
two years after my death.
And I entreat and appoint Mr. John Whipple, of Ipswich,
the ruling elder, to be guardian for Ezekiel Rogers to re-
ceive, or cause to be received this above said eight score
pounds, and to give unto the church or town of Rowley a
full discharge and acquittance upon the receiving thereof;
and in case the church and town of Rowley pay not the
above said eight score pounds, my will is, that the above
said lands, that are not given unto my wife, shall be as-
signed and set over by my overseers unto Ezekiel for the
above said payment.
Provided also, it shall not be in the liberty of the church
or town of Rowley, to give, sell, or alien those lands or
any part thereof, or appropriate them, or any part of them,
to any other end or use, than for this, the better enabling
them to carryon the ministry for ever.
Also, all my houses, barn, and orchard, and all my lands,
pastures and common ages and meadows, which I have given
unto my wife Mary Rogers, during her natural life, after
her decease, I do bequeath and give unto the church and
town of Rowley, to enable them the better to maintain two
teaching elders * in the church for ever, and upon that condi-
* Meaning, no doubt, a pastor and a teacher. The first churches of
Massachusetts were mostly furnished with a pastor, a teacher, and
ruling elders. The offices of pastor and teacher, in the first church in
Rowley, have been united, since the death of Mr. Phillips, in 1696,
and that of ruling elder was dropped at an earlier period.
Mr. Rogers was denominated Pastor. Mr. Phillips was styled
TO THE ADDRESS. 63
tion, I do give them; the time which I allow them for the
settling of an elder shall be four years, and so from time to
time as God makes any changes either by death or removal
or any other way; and in case that the church or town of
Rowley fail of the condition of providing themselves of two
teaching elders, according to the time prefixed, that is,
within four years after they have this to enable them the
better, and so from time to time within the said time of
four years after God by his providence have made any
change, my will is that the above said housing and lands
shall be to the use of Harvard College, at Cambridge, in
I give also to the church my silver bowls, which they use
for the communion to be so used still after my wife's decease.
And I make and appoint my said well beloved wife the
sole executrix of this my will and testament.
And I appoint Maximilian Jewett and Samuel Brockle-
bank, to be overseers of this my will and testament.
Made and signed the 17th of April, 1660.
Witnessed by us,
Sworn in Court by Maximilian Jewett and Samuel Brock-
lebank, to be the last will and testament of Mr. Ezekiel
ROBERT LORD, Clerk.
John Brocklebank sworn to the same in Court at Ipswich
the 26th March, 1661.
By me, ROBERT LORD, Clerk.
Teacher, until the settlement of Mr. Payson, in 1682, when Mr. Phillips
became pastor, and Mr. Payson teacher.
Mr. Shepard was settled as pastor, and continued such to his
The above is taken from the original, on file in the Pro-
bate Office at Ipswich.
Mr. Rogers's real estate was appraised at £ 966 0 0
Silver plate, including a gold ring and silver
inkstand, . . . . . . 22 0 0
Wearing apparel, . . . . . 17 17 0
Nine horses and colts, 90 0 0
In oxen (supposed to be six), 40 0 0
10 cows, 40 0 0
14 young neat cattle, 35 0 0
In sheep old and young, 18 0 0
In swine, 8 0 0
5 beds, with the bedding, 46 6 8
Household furniture, including a clock, 42 16 8
110 bushels of wheat, barley, and Indian corn, 24 10 0
Cloth and yarn, wool, hemp, and flax, 13 0 0
Fodder in the barn, 10 0 0
Armour and ammunition, 5 0 0
Farming tools, 11 10 0
Latin books, 47 10 8
English books, 26 3 0
Debts due the estate, 53 16 5
Saddle, bridle, and pillion, 1. 0. 0: Stock of
bees, 4 0 0
Bacon, 3. 0.0; Other provisions, &c., 11.9.4, 14 9 4
£ 1,535 19 9
Done March 5th, 1660 -1.
By Deacon Maximilian Jewett,
Ensign Samuel Brocklebank,
and John Lambert.
* The foregoing document has been submitted to the consideration
of several competent judges, including some of our Baptist friends,
TO THE ADDRESS. 65
It was during Mr. Rogers's ministry, viz. September 19th,
1644, two churches were appointed to be gathered, the one
River.) They had given notice thereof to the magistrates and
ministers of the neighbouring churches, as the manner
is with them
bly was to be at that time at Rowley, (the forementioned
plantations, being then but newly erected, were not capable
to entertain them that were likely to be gathered together
on that occasion.)
But when they were assembled, most of those who were to
join together in church fellowship at that time, refused to
make the confession of their faith and repentance, be-
cause, as was said, they declared it openly before in other
churches, upon their admission into them. Whereupon,
the messengers of the churches not being satisfied, the as-
sembly broke up before they had accomplished what they
intended. But in October, 1645, messengers of churches
met together again on the same account, when such satis-
faction was given, that Mr. John Ward was ordained pastor
of the church of Haverhill on the north side of the said
Merrimack, and Mr. John Woodbridge was ordained pastor
of the church of Andover on the south side of the same.
and a very earnest desire expressed for its publication entire. With
that request, we have, not without some hesitation, concluded to com-
ply. It contains some expressions, which, at this day, are liable to
misapprehension. The character of the venerable testator is well
known. He had made extraordinary attainments in the divine life,
and was eminently adorned with the Christian graces. All this is be-
yond the reach of reasonable doubt. But he shared in the errors of
the times. One of those errors consisted in the indulgence of undue
severity upon religious opponents. It was a fault, we freely admit,
which can never be wholly excused, though it certainly admits of
INSCRIPTION UPON MR. ROGERS'S MONUMENT.
"Sacred to the memory of the Rev. Ezekiel Rogers, first
minister of the gospel in Rowley, who emigrated from
He finished his labors and life, January 23, 1660, in
his seventieth year.
"He was a man of eminent piety, zeal, and abilities.
"His strains of oratory were delightful. Regeneration and
union to Jesus Christ by faith, were the points on which he
principally insisted; he so remarkably described the feel-
ings, exercises, motives, and characters of his hearers, that
they were ready to exclaim, Who hath told him all this.
With the youth he took great pains, and was a tree of
knowledge, laden with fruit, which children could reach.
"He bequeathed a part of his lands to the town of Rowley,
for the support of the gospel, which generous benefaction,
we (in the first parish) enjoy to the present day; and here
gratefully commemorate, by raising this monument to his
A. D. 1805."
Mr. Rogers was at first buried at the foot of where the
Rev. Mr. Phillips's grave and monument now are. On the
23d of October, 1805, tile grave was opened, and his bones
taken up and put in a new box or coffin and placed beneath
the monument erected to his memory. His bones were
mostly entire, the head quite so; some hair remained, ad-
hering to the head by pressure; the callus upon his right
arm, where it was broken above the elbow, was perceptible.
He having been dead one hundred and forty-five years, nine
months. Mr, Rogers's house stood upon land now owned by
Deacon Samuel P. Jewett, a part of the ground upon which
it stood, is (1840) covered by a house lately erected by said
Deacon S. P. Jewett. In digging the southerly part of the
cellar, the northerly part of the stoning of Mr. Rogers's cellar
TO THE ADDRESS. 67
was taken up. No house has stood upon that site, since Mr.
Rogers's was taken down, about the year 1696.
The first covenant found upon the records of the first
church in Rowley, is the following.
"You do solemnly covenant and promise before the Lord
and his people, that by his help, forsaking all ungodliness
and former lusts in your ignorance, you do avouch the
Lord Jehovah Elohim, one God in three persons, to be your
God and portion; you do also own the Lord Jesus the only
supreme head and saviour of his church, to be your King,
Priest, and Prophet; and you do further covenant to walk
in a professed subjection unto all the holy ordinances and
orders that Christ has appointed in his house; and to walk
as becomes God's covenanting servant with the members of
this church, unto mutual edification and helpfulness, accord-
ing to the rule of the gospel, so long as God shall continue
you a member of this church of Christ.
"We also do acknowledge ourselves engaged by the same
solemn covenant to watch over you, and to afford all chris-
tian helpfulness to your edification, as God has required, and
by his assistance."
The Rev. Samuel Phillips married, in 1651, Sarah,
daughter of Samuel Appleton, of Ipswich, a descendant of
John Appleton, who died at Great Waldingfield, in Suffolk,
England, in 1436.
By her, who died 15 July, 1714, aged eighty-six, he had
eleven children; 1. Samuel, born 1654, died young; 2. Sarah,
born. 1656, married Stephen Mighlll; 3. Samuel, born 1658,
was a goldsmith and settled in Salem, married Mary, daugh-
ter of the Rev. John Emerson, of Gloucester, had two sons
and four daughters; 4. George, born 1659, died young; 5.
Elizabeth, born 1661, died young; 6. Ezekiel, born 1662,
died young; 7. George, born 1664, graduated at Harvard
College 1686, settled in the ministry at Brookhaven, on
Long Island, New York, 1697, where he died 1739, aged
seventy-five, (he left three sons, George, William, and John;
and three daughters); 8. Elizabeth, born 1665, married the
Rev. Edward Payson; 9, Dorcas, born 1667; 10. Mary, born
1663; and 11. John, born 1670; the three last probably died
Mr. Ph.illips was not wholly exempt from trouble; a por-
tion of this good man's life was rendered unhappy by an
event which took place incident to Mr. Rogers's death. A
short time before that event happened, the selectmen (Mr.
Philip Nelson, Ezekiel Northend, William Stickney, Thomas
Jenney, and John Pickard,) laid a rate of £ 60, to pay his
salary for the then Current year, which began in April; in
January he died, about three months before the expiration
of the year; soon after his death, the selectmen recalled the
tax list from the collector, (Deacon Maximilian Jewett,) and
made a new assessment of £ 50, committing the list to the
same collector, ordering him to pay Mrs. Rogers £ 45, in
full for the three fourths of the year which Mr. Rogers lived;
the other £ 5 of the assessment was ordered to Mr, Phillips,
in consideration of his having carried on the work of the
ministry alone, during Mr. Rogers's sickness, &c. Mrs. Rog-
ers took it unkind in the selectmen thus to recall and alter the
assessment, after they had once ordered the £ 60 to be paid
her husband, and she accused Mr. Phillips of receiving and
retaining £ 5, which of right belonged to her. A majority
of said selectmen even maintained that their doings in the
case was just, and that they were not bound to do more. It
appears by the deposition of John Pickard, one of said
selectmen, (under date of June 5, 1679,) that all the select-
men were well agreed in reducing the tax list, that Mr.
Nelson himself wrote the new list; yet, not long after this,
Mr. Nelson undertakes to assist Mrs. Rogers in enforcing
TO THE ADDRESS. 69
her claims, and blames Mr. Phillips, &c. The difficulty got
into the church. Mrs. Rogers, in her last will, of which the
following is an extract, admonishes Mr. Phillips and Deacon
Jewett not to wrong her of the £ 5, &c.
"My will is, that as concerninge the fiftene pounds that is
dewe me for my husband Ezelkiel Rogers his wages, as may
apeare by the bill of the ministry rate entred in the church
booke, the whole rate within a small matter beinge laide but
never as yet payed to me, five pounds of this fiftene I per-
ceived was delivered to Mr. Phillips and he stands charged
with it in the church booke, and I have longe since made
my complaint to him about it, and his answer to me was
that he would not a had it, but as yet I have not received it
nor any part else of the fiftene pounds, and therefore I would
earnestly desire Mr. Sammuell Phillips and Deacon Jewet
that they would not ronge me in this particular, least it be a
greefe to them at the apearinge of Jesus Christ, and that this
fiftene pounds care be taken that Thomas Lambert may
have the same. And I doe make Phillip Nellson, of Rowley,
exequitor of this my last will and testament, desiringe him,
that my will in all these particulars may be performed.
"Dated the 22 day of July, 1678.
"MARY ROGERS, (SEAL).
"Approved April 1, 1679."
Phillip Nelson "renounced" his office or executor and
Mr. Thomas Nelson (his brother) was appointed administra-
Mrs. Rogers died February 12th, 1678-9.
This matter of the £ 5 becomes not only a source of
difficulty in the church, but a cause of complaint against
Mr. Phillips to the court at Ipswich.
On the 26th May, 1719. The church petition the General
Court on the subject, and ask to be heard before them;
saying, "their Rev. Teacher hath been accused of com-
mitting an unjust and felonious act, by wronging Mrs.
Rogers, deceased, of her due, which stands upon record in
Ipswich Court, by Mr. Nelson's doings."
On the 28th of the same month, they prefer another
petition to the General Court, asking them to appoint an
ecclesiastical council to hear the case, &c.
The Court refer the petition to the October Session,
and recommend an adjustment of the difficulties among
On the 14th of October, the church represent to the Court,
that they have had many meetings without effecting any
settlement of difficulties. They therefore entreat the Court
to grant their former request.
October 20. The Court order, that the church of Ips-
wich, Newbury, Hampton, and the three churches of Boston,
the church of Salem, Beverly, Portsmouth, and Haverhill, be
written unto by the secretary, in the name of this Court, to
assemble at Rowley, on the third Wednesday of November,
to give their solemn advice and issue to the said differences
as God shall direct, and to make return to the next General
"Attest, WILLIAM TORREY, Clerk."
Result of Council.
"The messengers of the several churches assembled at
Rowley, (November 19, 1679,) being met together in the
name of Christ, and the call of the General Court, to hear,
and (if the Lord shall so please) to issue the differences in
that church, after serious seeking unto God for the guidance
of his holy spirit to direct us in the affair before us, and
after an impartial hearing what both parties have alleged,
TO THE ADDRESS. 71
we do, as in the Lord's name and fear, declare and give
solemn advice as followeth.
"Since it has pleased the God of all grace for his own
name sake, so far to manifest his presence with, and his
blessing upon the endeavours of his servants, as that Mr.
Nelson, who had been an occasion of the said differences in
the church at Rowley, hath acknowledged his offence in all
the particulars for which the church had proceeded with him
to excommunication, so as hath been joy and comfortable
satisfaction, that you have with much unanimity received him
into your holy fellowship again, confirming your love to-
wards him, and that both parties have declared that they do
mutually forgive and forget whatever offences have fallen
out amongst them in these hours of temptation.
"We bow our knees before the God and Father of our
Lord Jesus Christ, in humble thankfulness for his great
mercy, desiring that his name alone may have all the glory;
and that so the peace which God hath graciously restored to
the church in Rowley, may by his blessing be continued
"We further advise that the whole church in Rowley
if, humble themselves before the Lord in a way of fast and
prayer, because of the differences which have been among
you, and the dishonor which thereby hath happened unto
the blessed name of Christ, whose they are; and that they
do explicitly and with all their heart, and with all their soul,
renew their covenant with God, and one with another.
"And as for the inhabitants of the town of Rowley, which
no doubt have, many of them, been concerned in the late
unhappy differences; we solemnly advise, so far as any of
them may have had any influence in these troubles, they
judge themselves for it before the Lord. And that for the
future they do what in them is, in order to the strengthening
of the restored peace in the church here.
" We likewise exhort both the church and whole congre-
gation of Rowley that they would strengthen the heart and
hands of their Reverend and faithful Teacher, holding him
in reputation for his works' sake, that he may be able to give,
an account concerning all the souls over whom God hath set
him, as his watchman, with joy, and not with grief, for that
will be unprofitable for them, and that the Lord may not be
provoked to deprive them of so choice a blessing, but that
having one heart, and living as brethren, true peace may be
with them, continuing the tokens of his gracious presence in
the midst of them, for the good of you and your children
"Increase Mather Moderators.
"In the name and with the unani-
mous consent of the whole council."
The ministers, called to sit in this council, were,
From Ipswich, Rev. William Hubbard or Thomas Cobbet,
" Newbury, Rev. John Richardson.
" Hampton, Rev. Seaborn Cotton.
" Boston, l chh. Rev. James Allen, 2 chh. Rev. Increase
Mather, 3 chh. Rev. Samuel Willard.
" Salem, Rev. John Higginson.
" Beverly, Rev. John Hale.
" Portsmouth, Rev. Joshua Moody.
" Haverhill, Rev. John Ward.
Mr. Philip Nelson had been the occasion of other difficul-
ties in the church by pretending to cure a deaf and dumb
boy in imitation of our Saviour, by saying Epphatha. The
ministers of the neighbouring churches were called together,
and the boy was brought before them, to see ,whether he
could speak or not. He was interrogated, but "there he
stood," says the church records, "like a deaf and dumb
boy as he was." They could not make him hear, nor could
TO THE ADDRESS. 73
The Rev. Mr. Phillips lived upon that homestead now
owned by Bradstreet Creasey, one acre and an half of the
southerly side of the same, with a house and barn thereon,
he purchased (March 16, 1664,) of Susannah Trumble, de-
scribed as follows, "bounded west by the street, east upon the
brook, south side by Richard Leighton, northerly side by
said Phillips." Recorded book 2, page 255.
It is not known that the Rev. S. Phillips had any own
brother or sister, his mother died in Salem soon after her land-
ing in June, 1630, his father, the Rev. George Phillips mar-
ried a second wife whose name was Elizabeth; by her, who
died January 27, 1681, he had 1. Zerobabel, born 5 day
2 mo. 1632; 2. Jonathan, born 19 day 10 mo. 1633; 3. The-
ophilus, born 28 day 4 mo. 1636; 4. Annible, born -day
10 mo. 1637; 5. Awbett, born 1638; 6 Ephraim, born 1640;
Obadiah, born 1641. The two last died in infancy, and
It was during Mr. Phillips's ministry the foI1owing order
was adopted, viz.
Ordered, That every person shall sit in the meeting-house
as directed by the selectmen, on penalty of 5s. a time, ex-
cept on special occasions, to make way for others.
In November, 1839, a chaste and handsome marble mon-
ument was placed over the remains of the Rev. Samuel Phillips
and his wife, in the burial ground at Rowley, upon which is the
"Beneath this stone are buried the remains of Samuel
Phillips, the second pastor of the church in Rowley.
"He was born in Boxford, England, A. D. 1625. Came
to America with his father, George Phillips, first minister of
Watertown, Massachusetts, in 1630, was graduated at Har-
vard College in 1650, was settled in the Christian ministry in
this place, in June, 1651, where he served God and his gener-
ation faithfully for forty-five years, and died April 22, 1696.
"Near this spot are buried the remains of his wife, Sarah,
daughter of Samuel Appleton, of Ipswich; she died 15
July, 1714, aged eighty-six years.
"From them have descended, among others, George Phil-
lips, minister of Brookhaven, Long Island, New York, who
died 1739, aged seventy-five years.
"Samuel Phillips, minister at Andover, Massachusetts,
died June 5, 1771, aged eighty-one years.
"Samuel Phillips, one of the founders of Phillips' Academy,
Andover, died August 21, l790, aged seventy-six years.
"John Phillips, founder of Phillips'
Hampshire, died April, 1795, aged seventy-six years.
"Samuel Phillips, Lieutenant-Governor
"William Phillips, a distinguished merchant and patriotic
"And John Phillips, President of the
and first Mayor of Boston, died in
"This monument is erected by Hon. Jonathan Phillips, of
The Rev. Samuel Shepard was called to part with a beloved
wife, February 12, 1667-8, just fifty-four days previous to
his own death. Samuel, their only child, was born August 10,
of age). The Rev. Mr. Shepard's will bears date April 4,
1668, (three days only before his death). The Rev. Henry
The will was approved April 22, 1668.
The Rev. Henry Flint died April 27, 1668, leaving his
TO THE ADDRESS. 75
widow sole executrix of said will, who also had the care of
educating Samuel. Mr. Shepard bequeathed most of his
estate (which was appraised at £ 515. 11. 6) to his only
son. 1671 -2, March 13, the town voted, That a farm of
one hundred acres be granted to young Samuel Shepard,
to come into possession of when he shall arrive at twenty-
one years of age.
Mr. Jeremiah Shepard was the cause of much trouble in
the church and town of Rowley, (although never ordained
in the place.) He commenced preaching here February,
1672-3, and soon after moved his family into town.
December 12, 1673, the town make him a grant of £ 50,
and one load of wood from each man who has a team, for
his work in the ministry the then present year. 1674,
the town make him a grant of a sum of money as a gratu-
ity for his coming up to serve them, (as Mr. Shepard him-
self expresses it.)
The town also agree to give him £ 50 per annum while
he continues to preach among them. To the votes 33
Joseph Boynton, John Harris,
Thomas Burkbee, John Hopkinson,
James Barker, Jr. Jonathan Hopkinson,
James Bailey, Jr. John Johnson,
John Burbank, Jr. Nicholas Jackson,
Nathaniel Barker, Ezekiel Jewett,
Barzilla Barker, Dea. (Maximilian) Jewett,
John Bailey, William Jackson,
Joseph Chaplin, George Kilborn,
James Dickinson, Thomas Leaver, Jr.
Jeremiah Elsworth, Abell Longley,
Richard Leighton, John Scales,
John Pickard, Thomas Tenney,
John Pearson, Sen. William Tenney,
John Pearson, Jr. John Trumble,
Mark Prime, John Tod.
From this time difficulties increase, the parties become
obstinate. At the annual meeting for choice of town offi-
cers, January 19tb, 1676-7, it seems the parties were
nearly equal in number; on that day they elected but three
of their five Selectmen, viz. Samuel Platts, Richard Holmes,
and Daniel Wicom, two of them at least, (Platts and Wie-
om,) friendly to Mr. Shepard. On the 30th of January,
John Pickard and William Tenney are chosen Selectmen,
both opposed to Mr. Shepard.
Toward the close of this meeting, it was moved, that the
town invite Mr. Shepard to establish a monthly lecture; the
vote being taken, it passed in the negative; a reconsidera-
tion was attempted, when the meeting brake up in con-
On the 16th of March, the town added two more to
their board of Selectmen, viz. John Bailey and John
Pearson, both opposed to Mr. Shepard. A majority of the
town had now become decidedly opposed to him, and re-
fused to pay him his £ 50, as formerly voted. Mr. Shepard
brought an action against Thomas Tenney, William Ten-
ney, and John Trumble, in behalf of the town, for one
year's salary of £ 50, and recovers judgment at Ipswich
Court. The town appealed to the court of assistants. A
compromise takes place, on the 7th of February, 1677 -8,
Mr. Shepard, in consideration of £ 20 paid him, gives the
town a receipt in full.
Many in the town had a strong desire to settle Mr. Shep-
ard, notwithstanding he was, a non-professor, but so great
were the difficulties existing in the place on account there-
TO THE ADDRESS. 77
of, that application was made to the General Court for their
interposition, who make the following order, viz.
"After a full hearing of the differences that have arisen
at Rowley, referring to the settlement of Mr. Shepard as
minister among them.
"This Court do declare, that they will not countenance
any procedure or actings therein contrary to the laws of
this court, having therein made provision for the peace of
the churches and a settled ministry in each town. And
that all votes passed by any among them contrary thereto,
are hereby declared null and void. And do order, that the
actors therein, viz. Daniel Wicom, David Bennett, Sam-
uel Platts, and Jonathan Platts, as abetters therein, be
admonished, and pay as costs, £ 6. 7. 8.
The Rev. Edward Payson, by Elizabeth, his first wife, had
a numerous family of children. 1. Elizabeth, born 1684; 2.
Sarah, born 1686; 3. Mary, born 1687; 4. Eliphalet, born
1689; 5. Mehitable, born 1691; 6. Samuel, born 1693; 7.
Edward, born 1694; 8. Elizabeth, born 1697; 9. Hannah,
born 1698; 10. Elliot, born 1700; 11. Stephen; born 1701;
12. Sarah, born 1702; 13. Jonathan, born 1703; 14. David
born 1705; 15. Phillips, born l707; 16. Sarah, born 1709;
17. Susannah, born l712; three others died in infancy; six
sons and four daughters survived their father; viz. Mary
(who. married Joseph Jewett, jr.), Eliphalet, Mehitable (who
married Humphrey Hobson), Samuel (graduated at Har-
vard College, 1716,) Edward, Elizabeth (who married
Ezekiel Northend), Elliot, Jonathan, David, and Susannah
(who married James Hibbert).
The son Phillips, mentioned above, died the same year
in which he was born; therefore, he could not have been
the Phillips Payson mentioned by Mr. Farmer in his Gen-
ealogical Register, who graduated at Harvard College, 1724,
afterwards the minister of Walpole.
Mr. Farmer is also in an error, as is the Quarterly Register,
in saying, "The late Rev. Edward Payson, D. D., of
Portland, was of the fifth descent, the whole line being
clergymen from the Rowley minister."
The Rev. Edward Payson, D. D. of Portland, was a son of
the Rev. Seth Payson, D. D., or Rindge, New Hampshire,
and grandson of the aforenamed Rev. Phillips Payson, of
Walpole. The Walpole minister was the son of Samuel
and Mary Payson, of Dorchester, born February 29,
Samuel Payson was probably a grandson of Edward
Payson, of Roxbury, and a nephew of the Rowley minis-
Edward Payson, of Roxbury, had two wives. By his first,
whose name was Jane, he had a daughter Mary, born 2
day 7 mo, 1641. On the 10th day of the same month, his
wife died. By a second wife, he had, 1. John, born 11 day
4 mo. 1643; 2. Jonathan, born 19 day 10 mo. 1644; 3.
Edward. born June 20, 1657.
Samuel, of Dorchester, might have been a son of John or
Jonathan; Jonathan was a deacon in the church at Rox-
There was a Silas Payson: of, Roxbury, who was a cotem-
porary of Edward, and had children.
The Rev. Mr. Payson's house stood nearly opposite to the
Congregational meeting-house, upon land now owned by
Richard Kimball, and near where the vestry stands.
The following, (written by Mr. Payson,) is copied from a
printed sheet published at the time of Mr. Phillips's death.
TO THE ADDRESS. 79
THE MEMORIAL OF THAT TRUELY WORTHY, AND WORTHILY MAN
MR. SAMUEL PHILLIPS,
Pastor to the Church of Christ in Rowley; who deceased, April 22d, 1696,
MR. PHILLIPS ALIVE.
One thousand six hundred fifty and one,
This grave, bright morning star arose and shone.
Whom God in this orb most kindly did fix,
Until sixteen Hundred ninety and six.
Rowley him saw about Forty-six Years,
Now him no more see, Lo! he disappears:
In all that long space in which he did live,
the World was happy in him we believe.
His joyful sound was heard in places all,
He did his part in Building Zion's Wall.
Look here or there, still Phillips you shall find,
Ready with his Trowel, Hard, Heart, and Mind.
Some choice attendance on his hardest toil
Were cheerfulness, with spirit void of guile.
No man more grave, sage, solid, sober, good,
Yet break a jest, and pleasant be he would.
For Faith, for Love, for well set Charity,
Let him be rank'd among the choicest Three.
All sturdy Sons of Satan, he withstood,
But hungry hearted Saints from him; had food.
Tell him here's one distress'd much in mind,
Good Soul! saith he, God grant you comfort find.
For ev'ry thing that's winning, worthy, well,
I'le give you leave, find me his parallel.
He lived, he loved, and loved was by all,
A Cedar Tree grown up exceeding Tall.
Yet now cut down; alas! must I say so,
What in the World shall I, poor I! now do.
Full fifteen years I had his Company,
Now lonesome left, sad and solitary.
Oft in God's House together, when all was done,
Home with me came; now I must Home alone.
If any was, is, or will true Mourners be,
So was, so is, so must, so will E. P.!
MR. PHILLIPS DEAD.
"Who being Dead, yet speaketh."
1. To his Country.
The Work of God lay on my heart,
Before this Life I did depart.
This land I lov'd wherein I dwelt,
Some pain for it I often felt.
My Bowels, my Bowels within were turn'd,
To see this Land with Judgments burn'd.
Sin and Sorrow, much intermixt,
Your Glory going out, them betwixt.
Your Ancient Rights remov'd away,
Foundation's fall'n into decay,
Religion sweet, going on to die,
All men almost on it look shie.
The Channel of New England zeal,
Diverted much, where, who can tell?
TO THE ADDRESS. 81
This Rings Religion's Passing Bell,
And Lebanon hath lost her smell.
New upstart modes now gains more room,
Than kind offers of our Bridegroom.
Christ's Fishers Row and tire and toil,
Yet Roast but little of the spoil.
The nervous Cords of Gospel Wooings,
Enervate lie, amidst our rowings.
Seas of Pleasures, or Sinks of Sin,
Emerge the Seed; make Converts thin.
Th' old serious sort of Piety,
Evaporates in Oratr'y.
These things I saw, I mourn'd, I wept,
I fear'd New England must be sweapt.
Sometimes I said I'll live and die,
In hope that God would not deny,
To fix this vine in former Bliss,
For which I prayed Semel and Bis.
Now then by me be yet advis'd,
Let drop your Fears, be not disguis'd,
Appear for God, for Christ, for Truth,
Old men and Babes, Young men and Youth.
Behold the Lamb on Zion Hill,
Learn his new Song, so sing on still:
Take your good Mother by the Hand,
So Glory rest shall in your land.
2. To His Flock.
I Often told you what you see fulfill'd,
That I, to stroke of Death myself must yield.
I found it hard to scuffle with that Foe,
Yet did submit, since God would have it so.
Now farewell Flock most kind, my people all,
Oh! that best Blessings down on you might fall.
For you I pray'd, I preach'd, I thought, I spake,
I willing was with all, for your sake.
A Father I, you Sons, now Orphans left,
God lent, God took, you must not can it theft.
And now my will I leave you all, is this;
I will you Christ, love, joy, peace, heaven, bliss.
Me you must hear no more! no more! no more!
Now gather what is sown, lay up in store.
Oh! Sinners.! Sinners! Sinners! pray don't die,
I dead, yet speak, me hear once more, I cry,
To your poor simple souls! turn in and live,
That I of you some good account may give.
In fine, live all in Faith, in Love, in fear,
So travel on, until you all come here.
I longed for you all, God knows I did,
Pray mind your souls, now I am laid Bed-rid.
3. To his Family.
I was a Pastor, Husband, Father, Master, now
Sustain no such Relation to you, or you
My Flock, my wife, my Children an to me were dear
While in the World; but not so much since I came here.
Yet let me drop few words 'mongst them I leave behind,
Though now I need you not, yet would not be unkind.
Dear Wife! to me thou always wer't a friend,
In troubles all thou beard'st the bigger end.
I might lie down and sleep, and take my rest,
Thou busie still to order things for th' best;
Good while we liv'd together in content,
God broke the league, and I away am sent.
TO THE ADDRESS. 83
Mine eyes are clos'd that oft saw thee with joy,
God grant no ill may henceforth thee annoy;
God be thy guide, thy head, thy help, thy all,
I know thy cup's now, full of wormwood Gall;
Fulfil thy Race in joy, live cheerfully,
I hope again to have thy Company.
Our lovely Babes whose death oft made, us groan,
Here fast by Christ I find they make no moan.
My Children six, that yet alive remain,
My death to you, I wish may be much gain.
Now if you cry and say, how can that be,
Be more inflam'd with zeal to follow me;
Live well, win Christ, get Grace, pray hard, hate sin,
By all means strive to gain more wealth within.
Your Father in Heaven is, look that way more,
Thus you'll gain wealth, and much increase your store.
MR. PHILLIPS BURIED.
At Rogers's Head and Shepard's Side,
In Creeps this Saint, and's not deni'd;
Come Brother Phillips come to Bed,
Here's room enough, lay down thy head.
Thou held'st out long, it's time give out,
Come rest with us, here is no rout.
Let's fall to sleep, and silent be,
A little while; I, thou, and he.
Thus these three Saints in silence lie,
Scarce whisper aught to him that's by.
These Triumvirs got into their old Mother,
Lye very still, and sweetly sleep together.
There we must leave them at their quiet sleep,
Though't fills our eyes and hearts with sorrows deep.
Come, let's return, go home, and this lament,
Until our race be run and time is spent.
Ita Luget ab imo corde Affectus.
It was during Mr. Payson's ministry, the following orders
were adopted, viz.
1697. A new meeting-house having been built, a com-
mittee of seven was appointed by the town, to seat the peo-
ple therein. The rule for seating was age, office, and
amount paid towards building said house.
1708. Leave was granted to Samuel Prime, Mark Prime,
Samuel Lancaster, and Robert Greenough, to build them-
selves a pew in the north corner of the meeting-house, in
the gallery, and another for their wives in the easterly cor-
ner, in the gallery. These were the first pews, except the
minister's, that were built in this house.
1715. Ordered, That people be seated in the meeting
house according to age, and amount paid to the two last
1703. The meeting-house bell was sent to England and
recast with addition. In 1742, the bell was once more sent
to England, to be recast with addition, and again received
the next year; this bell weighed 334 pounds, in 1808, it
was exchanged in Boston for another weighing about 900
l707. Orderecd, That Goodman Thomas Palmer ring
the bell on Sabbath days, and at nine o'clock every night,
and on other occasions, and sweep the meeting-house clean
once every week, and to have £ 5. 10. O.
The Rev. Jedediah Jewett, and Elizabeth, his first wife,
had two children, viz. 1. Dummer, born April 25, 1732,
TO THE ADDRESS. 85
graduated at Harvard College, 1752, was a merchant in
Ipswich. In a fit of insanity, he destroyed his own life,
by a leap from the garret window of his own house, Octo-
ber, 1788, aged fifty-six years.
2. Dorothy, born May 2, 1735. She married, January
Dr. John Calef, of
Two grandsons of Dummer Jewett are now living, one a
preacher of the Methodist denomination.
1754. The parish voted, that Mr. Jewett have the use
and improvement of all the upland and marsh at Sandy
Bridge, four rights in the east end ox-pasture, and two rights:
in the mill swamp pasture, for and during the term of his
ministry, he allowing £ 6, lawful money, per annum for
In December, 1774, the first parish purchased of Dum-
mer Jewett, for a parsonage, the homestead and buildings
that were his father's, for which they paid £ 300, or $ 1000.
These buildings were erected by Mr. Jewett, soon after his
ordination, being the same now owned and occupied by Jo-
Mr. John Blydenburgh was the occasion of much trouble
in the first church and parish of Rowley. He commenced
preaching in the parish, in the latter part of the year l774.
Up to September 28, 1775, he had preached more than;
twenty Sabbaths. On that day the parish voted to give
him a call to settle in the ministry, with a salary of £ 75,
and the use of the parsonage (lately owned by the Rev. Mr.
Jewett). To this vote, twenty men entered their dissent
upon the record, viz. Thomas Gage, Thomas Lancaster,
Moses Hobson, James Barker, Edward Saunders, Joseph
Kilborn, Ebenezer Kiliborn, Nathaniel Gage, Stephen,
Palmer, Asa Todd, Nathaniel Barker, Jeremiah Mighill,
Paul Jewett, Humphrey Saunders, Nehemiah Jewett, Jacob
Pickard, Moses P. Payson, William Gage, Moses Palmer,
and Samuel N. Gage. The opposition being so great,
Mr. Blydenburgh did not accept the call.
January 25, 1776. The parish again voted to give him
a call, when about the same number entered their dissent .
The parish having become nearly equally divided upon
the question of employing Mr. Blydenburgh to preach, each
party seem to watch every opportunity for taking advan-
tage of their opponents. Parish meetings were frequently
held in the most busy season. Three times, within the
space of three months in this year, they dismissed their
committee for supplying the pulpit, and appointed others in
June 5, 1777. The Blydenburgh party prevailed, and
instructed their committee, appointed at a parish meeting
this day holden, to engage Mr. Blydenburgh to preach six
months, if they could obtain him for so long a time. Twenty-
one voters entered their dissent.
Captain Joseph Scott, Deacon Jeremiah Jewett, and Cap-
tain Moses Jewett, were the committee to hire.
Mr. Blydenburgh was not obtained, as above directed;
but Mr. Paul Litchfield (afterward settled in Carlisle), be-
fore the close of November, had preached eighteen Sab-
February 2, 1778. The parish instructed their com-
mittee to engage Mr. Blydenburgh to supply the pulpit
twelve months. Twenty-six voters entered their dissent.
The name of Deacon Thomas Mighill appears for the first
time among the dissenters.
In May, the parish are informed that Mr. Blydenburgh
declines an engagement to preach for them.
March 1O, 1779 The parish again instruct their com-
TO THE ADDRESS. 87
mittee to employ Mr. Blydenburgh to preach three months.
From this vote forty-two entered their dissent. It is be-
lieved, that Mr. Blydenburgh again declines an engagement.
December 1. The parish again instruct their committee
to employ Mr. Blydenburgh for six. Sabbaths. He engaged
for that time.
February 1, 1780. The parish vote to employ Mr. Bly-
denburgh four Sabbaths more. At this meeting the parish
propose leaving all matters in dispute relative to Mr. Bly-
denburgh to the determination of three disinterested men;
the parish, as such, to choose one; Mr. Blydenburgh one;
and those disaffected with Mr. Blydenburgh to choose the
third man. The parish, on their part, appointed Colonel
Jacob Gerrish of Newbury; none were appointed by the
February l2 and March 8. Other parish meetings are
called, in which it was proposed to submit all matters in
dispute, relative to Mr. Blydenburgh, to the determination
of referees, or to the association of ministers in this vicinity,
when the parish negative every proposition brought before
From this time Mr. Blydenburgh's name does not again,
appear on the record. After a period of more than five
years of almost incessant turmoil and strife, the contending
parties seem to grow weary of contention.
In May, the parish invite Mr. Jonathan Allen (afterward
of Bradford) to preach three months. In July, the church
and parish both invite him to preach on probation. In
September, the church and parish concur in giving him a
call to settle, and invite him to preach seven Sabbaths.
Twenty-two persons entered their dissent from the call of
the parish. He preached the seven Sabbaths, but negatived
The Rev. Ebenezer Bradford had nine children, seven
sons and two daughters, viz. 1. Ebenezer Green, born Feb-
ruary 19, 1777; 2. William, born June 8, 1779; 3. John
Melancthon, born May 15, 1781; 4. Jacob Pierson, born
January 18, 1783; 5. Elizabeth Green, born Decemher
22, 1784; 6. James, born September 11, 1786; 7. Moses,
born October 11, 1788; 8. Henry, born July 1, 1790;
9. Mary Cleaveland, born March 25, 1792. The three
1784. The parish voted, that Mr. Bradford, during
his ministry, have the use of all their lands, in the home-
stead, formerly the Rev. Mr. Jewett's, he allowing £5 10s.
per annum, as rent. His salary, at this time, was paid in
the following manner, viz. silver at 6s. 8d. per ounce;
Spanish milled dollars at 6s. each, for paying £ 58 0 0
Indian corn at 3s. per bushel, on the 25th of De-
cember, for paying . . . . 13 10 0
Good merchantaole flour at 18s. per hundred, on
the 25th of December, for paying. . . 5 0 0
Good beef, December I st, at 2 1/2d. per pound,
for paying. . . . . . . 9 0 0
Good pork, December 1st, at 3 3/4d. per pound, for
paying. . . . . . . . 9 0 0
The rent of the land in Jewett place, for paying . 5 10 0
£ 100 0 0
Besides twelve cords of wood.
1795, August 6th. Pomp, a colored man, was hung on
plain, jn the road between Rowley and
for killing his master, Captain Charles Furbush, of Ando-
ver. The Rev. Mr. Bradford prayed with him at the gal-
TO THE ADDRESS. 89
The Rev. Willard Holbrook's children are three sons
and three daughters, viz. 1. Amory, born August 15, 1820,
born August 27, 1822, died July 26, 1829; 3. Willard
Rogers, born March 1, 1824, preparing for college; 4. Ma-
ry Elvira, born May 29, 1826; 5. Mary Crocker, born
June 23, 1829; 6. Sarah Elizabeth, born June 7, 1831.
The three last died in infancy.
An Ecclesiastical Council was convened at Rowley on
the 21st of April, 1840, at the invitation of the Rev. Wil-
lard Holbrook, and the church under his pastoral care,
"to consider and give advice in relation to some existing
difficulties between the church and their pastor." The
following extract is taken from the result of that Council.
The Council are aware, that cases may exist in which
the bands between a minister and people must be dissolved,
without any criminality on either side, which forfeits confi-
dence in Christian character. Sometimes a measure may
be expedient, for which, in theory, no good reason can be
given. But such cases are rare, and in the present in-
stance they must say, that no reasons have been assigned,
that should impair our confidence in the piety, the pru-
dence, the ability, or the ministerial demeanor of our be-
beloved brother in any respect. If, therefore, we advise a
dismission from the church, it must be in compliance with
his own wishes, and in acquiescence to a sad necessity.
There is a single consideration we would here suggest. It
has appeared before the Council, that, from time to time,
Mr. Holbrook has, at the request of the parish, relinquished
a part of his salary. It has appeared also, that, at different
times, the parish have withheld a portion of his stipulated
salary, without consulting him. The Council are of opinion,
that such parts, at least, of his salary, as have been withheld
without consulting him, and obtaining his relinquishment,
the parish are bound, in honor and justice, to make up to
their minister about to leave them. With this recommenda-
tion, and in view of the whole subject, we hereby advise his
dismission, because imperious circumstances, over which his
conduct had little or no control, say that we must, and we
further advise, that it take place from the present day.
And we most cordially and affectionately recommend him
to the acceptance and esteem of the churches and people,
wherever he may be called to labor in the vineyard of our
DEACONS OF THE
When appointed. Died. Age.
Thomas Mighill, Dec. 3, 1639. March 14, 1654-5.
Maximilian Jewett, Dec. 3, 1639. Oct. 19, 1684.
Samuel Brocklebank, Jan. 8, 1665-6. April 21, 1676. 46
William Tenney, Feb. 3, 1667-8.
John Pearson, Oct. 24, 1686. Dec. 22, 1693.
Trumble, Oct. 24, 1686. Removed to
Ezekiel Jewett, Oct 24, 1686. Sept. 2, 1723. 80
Samuel Palmer, Feb. 1, 1707-8. June 21, 1719. 75
Timothy Harris, Feb. 1, 1707-8. March 24, 1723-4. 67
Humphrey Hobson, April 21,1723. June 23, 1742. 58
Joseph Boynton, April 21, 1723. Dec. 16,1730. 60
Edward Payson, Feb. 12, 1739-40. March 1, 1769. 75
Francis Pickard, Feb. 12,1739-40. Sept. 12,1778. 89
David Bailey, Feb. 18, 1761. May 12,1769. 62
Moses Clark, May 15, 1769. April 20, 1791. 64
Thomas Mighill, May 15, 1769. Aug. 26, 1807. 85
Jeremiah Jewett, May 15, 1769. Dec. 3, 1809. 86
George Jewett, Nov. 9, 1791. May 5, 1829. 83
Joshua Jewett, April 4, 1807.
Nathaniel Mighill, Dec. 10, 1828.
The following is the number of persons received into the first
church, during the ministry of each clergyman, as nearly as
can be ascertained.
TO THE ADDRESS. 91
During Mr. Rogers's, . . . . unknown.
" " Phillips's, . . . partially known, 93