Dr. Meredith Kline, Prologue, Lecture 22
© 2012, Dr. Meredith Kline and Ted Hildebrandt
††††††††††††††††††††††† Genesis 3:15 the battle between the Messiah and Satan
was a perverted echo of Genesis 3:15. †Genesis 3:15 is speaking about the
redemptive post-fall development.† Methodism puts all of this back as part of
the original creation. They see evil as something eternal.† But the idea of the
two outstanding representatives of the forces of good and evil is on target.
Thatís what we have here. Itís a duel of champions, itís the David/Goliath type
of thing; a trail by ordeal that will take place, where the fate of the armies
is settled by this individual combat where God will do the decisive thing to
vindicate his person over and against the enemy. †When that climatic battle
takes place, that individual seed of the woman, will deliver the fatal blow to
you. Yes, you will deliver a blow to him, but it will be to the heel, his blow
to you will be to the head.
††††††††††† Since verse 15 is an exposition of verse 14, verse 14 stated plainly that the ultimate complete subjugation, perpetual doom of the serpent. Verse 15 in describing the details of the battle must end the same way with the complete defeat of Satan. So what the church has normally recognized here is a contrast between head and heel--heel a wound is not the ultimate, head a fatal and ultimate wound. This is on the right track, and what it also does is to bring out the two aspects of the messianic career. †When the messianic seed of the woman appears, it will be to suffer so that afterwards he might enter into his glory. He must experience the bruising of the heel, that he might crush the serpentís head. The very image involves both things.† If you just picture the human person stamping with the heel upon the head of the serpent, it is in that very process that he suffers the bruising of his heel and crushes the serpent.
††††††††††† So these two dimensions of Messiahís ministryóthe suffering and the glory--are present right from the beginning. How it works out that the suffering is consistent with the glory, we gradually discover. By the time we come to Isaiah and the Suffering Servant of the Lord, it turns out that it is by virtue of the very fact of his suffering that he wins the victory. Christ wins the victory by his suffering on the cross.† By his suffering on the cross he defeats Satan as the accuser of the brethren. Satan can no longer accuse the brethren because on the cross in the suffering, Christ has paid the atoning price for them. So it is precisely through sufferings that he attains the victory. It is because of his humbling himself onto death that God is highly exalted him (Philippians 2) and given him a name which is above every name. So all of that great mystery of Christís humiliation and exile is briefly cryptically, but nevertheless itís there, is it not? Right from this mother promise, this proto-evangelium as itís called--Genesis 3:15.
††††††††††† So you get this image of the seed of the woman, and both corporate and also individual. The individual who tramples Satan under foot, and that figure that Satan- trampling idea is in Roman 6:20 applied to us. When Paul promises the Christian church that God will soon be trampling Satan under our feet and so somehow this is part of that what Christ does and we share in this victory over Satan is thus attributed to the people whom Christ, as second Adam, represents. †But there is the basic picture of that history.
††††††††††† So it is primarily a word of curse against Satan that ultimately he is going to be defeated. And of course, the victory of Christ takes place decisively at his first coming but completely and finally at his second coming is where the ultimate, final judgment of Satan takes place.
††††††††††† Now as I said, there are still people, even ones you expect to have more common sense than this, and I forget but I have someone in mind, I wonít mention names, donít take this in the classic way.† You hear lot of critical scholarship saying this is just one of those stories about the origin of things, one of the etiological accounts that tell you the beginnings of this kind of custom or that. †So people hate snakes and so here is a little story of why people, or how it began that people hate snakes. †That is a lot of nonsense. This is not about how people came to hate snakes. This has to do with God and Satan and ultimate things. †Thatís the way the Bible interprets Revelation 12.
Revelation 12 and Genesis 3: Satan, Woman and the seed of
††††††††††† Just quickly flip over to Revelation 12. The same three principles that you had in Genesis 3: Satan, the woman, and the seed of the woman; appear here in Revelation 12. In the case of the seed of the woman, you have both the individual and corporate aspects of it as well. †You are familiar with the passage. Right from the outset there is the enmity going on, and there is the woman, one of the three principles. She is pregnant and about to bring forth the man-child. †There is the second principle. †Satan, the old dragon, is crouching before her, ready to devour the man-child. There is enmity between the two being expressed. †Satanís ready to devour the man-child when he is born. The child is born, and of course, as the chapter goes on it is perfectly clear that this is the messianic child because we have messianic prophecies from the psalms, and so on, describing the actual conflict of the man-child, son of man, the seed of the woman, all of those are appropriate titles for this man-child, son born to the woman.
††††††††††† His conflict with Satan is not directly described, that there is hostility, that there was going to be a conflict is clear enough. But the outcome is described that the man-child is caught up to the heavenly throne. He is the one who will rule all the nations with an iron scepter, thatís a messianic prophecy. †Her child was snatched up to God and to his throne and the woman and the dragon. So the woman then fled into the desert, and so on.
††††††††††† So there, the story is told twice. The imagery of the man-childís victory over Satan is first told in terms of this imagery of the incarnation, the son of man, man-child, the seed of woman. †Then the story is told in terms of upper registrar heavenly reality, where Satan exists with all of his angels, in that realm beyond our observing up there. Christ is there, too. Especially then in his ascended glory.
††††††††††† Now we get a picture of the battle of Christ against Satanóhere is a disputed pointóin terms I would say, of Christ, not in his incarnational manifestation, but in his capacity as the angel of the Lord. Now, all through the Old Testament, before he was incarnated, he appears as the malak Yahweh, the angel of the Lord. That is the messianic appearance of the Lord before his resurrection. †The book of Revelations includes all kinds of imagery, including Old Testament images of things. †So here it uses especially this Old Testament imagery of Christ, as the angel of the Lord. The specific proper name of this angel expressing his nature is: ďwho is like God?Ē This is a divine being, this one. Incidentally the satanic beast, there is so much counterfeiting in the book of Revelationóthe things of God are counterfeited.† So the beast has the counterfeit name of ďwho is like the Beast?Ē But the Messiahís name is ďwho is like God?Ē--Michael. Michael is Messiah. When Jesus was on earth he said, ďif I wanted I could call upon 12 legions of angels and they would come and fight and deliver me from the cross, but the scriptures must be fulfilled.Ē† So he doesnít call upon the 12 legions of angels to deliver him from his sufferings.† But now that he has suffered, and he is ascended into heaven, now we see Christ with his 12 legions of angels fighting against Satan and his angels. Of course, he wins the victory. †So the story of victory is told twice. The result in both cases is that Satan loses and he is cast out of heaven. The book of Revelation tells us further he is bound for 1000 years on earth, until at last he is loosed for a little season, and then he is destroyed forever. But it began with his disaster; he is over thrown, and cast out of heaven as a result of Christís victory and his exaltation. †Satan is cast out of heaven.
††††††††††† So all the elements you see you Genesis 3:15 are there. The same parties: the woman, Satan, and the seed of the woman. Then the twelfth chapter concludes with Satan here on earth and he canít get directly at that man-child, that Christ placed at the right hand of the Father. But he can get at you and me here on earth. He can get at the woman, and he can get at the church.
††††††††††† So the story goes on now at the end of that twelfth chapter, ďand then the dragon was enraged at the woman, and went off to make war against the rest of her offspring.Ē Genesis 3 had the seed of the woman, the offspring of the woman, both the individual one, the Messiah, and the corporate company like Romans 16:20 where Paul applies it to all of us. Revelation 12 has the same dual view of it. There was the individual man-child caught up to heaven, but now down on earth is the rest: †the woman, the seed, the church--the saints of God. They are here sort of vulnerable. Satan can get at us, which he proceeds to do. So the rest of the book of Revelation tells how he is getting at us through his agents, the beast and the false prophet and so forth.
††††††††††† But there is an inspired interpretation, if you please, in Revelation 12 of Genesis 3:15. As I say, you should have no hesitation in accepting that classic ecclesiastical tradition as the proper exegesis. This is a programmatic prophecy right at the beginning of redemptive history, giving in broad outline the whole story of the rest of human history, of redemptive history. †
††††††††††† But at this point, its purpose was a word of judgment upon Satan. But now Adam and Eve have sinned, mankind has sinned in them and even though history is going to go on after the fall, itís going to have a different character, obviously. We already have learned that they have no longer a place within the holy realm. They are thrown out of the holy. So now the whole world is in the unholy realm. It is a complete context for human existence from this point until the consummation. Things arenít going to be all wonderful the way they were back in the Garden of Eden where God gave his angelís charge over them so that they should not dash their foot against the stone.† Now thereís not only going to be stones out there in the world, but thereís not going to be the providential care over the foot.† Now they are going to be breaking their toes on the stones, and all kinds of other things that would not have affected them adversely will now victimize them throughout their history.
††††††††††† So thereís going to be a curse. The ultimate curse of final damnation is pronounced on Satan. Now here there is a curse that is pronounced on mankind and Adam and Eve. It does not yet take the form of hell, that will be the ultimate curse on them. But meanwhile there is a common curse, a limited curse. Itís not a blessing, itís a curse, but it is not all out hell. †It has all kinds of adverse effects, but it is not the ultimate curse.† Itís a common curse and itís correlative to the common blessing, or grace. Itís a common woe, common weal, these opposites, whatever terminology you want to use, if you donít like the idea of common grace use some other term that is bringing out the fact that here is something that is going to be the common experience of believers and all of the seed of woman and all of the seed of the serpent coexisting in this world goes through this common curse. The seed of the serpent will also experience the ultimate curse along with the devil himself of hell. But even the seed of the woman, within this history, is going to experience with non-believers the common curse. †Verses 16-19 proceed to spell out the general shape of human existence in terms of this common curse.
††††††††††† Now weíll look at it from that point of view first, and then come back and look at it from the point of view of how at the same time what is implicit here is the theme of common blessing. †Not the blessings of heaven, nevertheless the blessings in the sense that there is a limitation put on the curse. Thatís how these two things are correlative. The blessings of common grace are putting the reins on the curse so it doesnít run away wild. Itís a limitation on them. So these two ideas balance each other out.
Features of the common curse:† Gen. 3:16-19
††††††††††† Well, what are the features of the common curse in verses 16 through 19 in Genesis 3. There is the general thought that death, physical death. Now we were talking before that the death they were threatened with at the beginning was hell itself. Now there is a place for physical death and that is going to be the ultimate form of the common curse. That is the final shape that the common curse takes in human experience, it is this thought of physical death. †
††††††††††† It actually comes as the end of it but I might have begun it the other way around. But I began with the ultimate expression of the common curse, which is death whether for the man or the woman. In addition to this common experience of death which both woman and men experience, the text brings out the form that the common curse will take in the peculiar experience of the woman and the peculiar experience of the man. But in the case of both of them the ultimate outcome of this whole new process is going to be ďby the sweat of your brow you will eat food until you return to the ground. Since from it you were taken, for dust you are and to dust you will return.Ē So thatís the final expression of the common curse.
††††††††††† Now itís necessary to get straight whatís going on here. It says, ďFor dust you are and to dust you will return.Ē †Is it saying that it is inevitable because you were made from the dust, because you have this physical component in your constituency, is it inevitable that you had to die? You were made from the dust so naturally you had to die. No, the wages of sin is death. It wasnít inevitable because in the way in which God made us we had to die. What it is saying is that because of your sin you are now subject to Godís curse and wrath. That curse and wrath of God can take the form or physical death, because as a matter of fact you were made from dust. Therefore you can return to the dust. So it is not only an explanation of why they must die, but it is an explanation of how it is they can experience Godís judgment in the form of physical death. Death itself is due to their sin. So thatís the ultimate form of this.
††††††††††† This death, of course, casts its shadow over everything leading up to it.† So that as fallen mankind, individually, we live out our existence under the shadow of the inevitably of death, which then you think about it and it seems to make everything else meaningless. This is the kind of thought that might emerge in Ecclesiastes apart from the redemptive eschatological hope that we have, that otherwise everything would seem to be vanity of vanity because the death makes the whole thing vanity. In vain you canít take it with you so whatís the use of bothering. †Now of course, we donít live apart from the redemptive. So what Christ has done in hope of resurrection puts back meaning into our lives even though we face the inevitability of death, unless the Lord Christ comes first. But for now we are, in general, apart from death, that is the despair of mankind.
Man and Woman individually:† the curse
††††††††††† Then looking at the woman and the man individually it describes how Godís displeasure with them, how the curse will affect them. In terms of their distinctive cultural societal functions, the woman with her childbearing, the man with his labor in the field. The woman will be bearing children, that is the common grace aspect of it. In spite of the fall, there will still be children. But with miscarriage, with barrenness, with the labor of childbearing, with abortions, with all of the unhappy miseries that can attend the process.
††††††††††† As for the man, in his distinctive role of exercising dominion over the world and so on, his farming will bring forth fruit, and there will be bread on the table, there will be wine to make glad the heart of man. There will be achievements of various kinds, but along with the successful crops, there will be a lot of thorns and thistles plaguing his efforts.† There will be drought and terrible famines and so on. That is the common curse.
††††††††††† But as I say, both things are there. The curse is balanced by the blessingóother times there will be feasting and plenty according to Godís sovereign pleasure. Godís grace is always sovereign. †The measure in which he is going to bestow that grace, which will offset the common curse is a matter of his sovereign pleasure. As a matter of fact, the common blessings may be poured out less abundantly on the seed of the serpent than they are on the seed of the woman.† Itís according to his sovereign pleasure. You canít dispute it, we donít deserve, no one has a right in our fallenness, to any of the blessings, and that is not something for us to dispute with God. But to here then, what we are emphasizing is that things are going to be different. Godís smile is not there as it was there in the Garden of Eden, in the beginning. †
††††††††††† His hands are not just raised in benediction over his people. There is wrath on Godís countenance now. There is a change in space and time between Godís original attitude of favor and his attitude of displeasure, which he now announces, in this word of common curse. Even now it is just intimated, Eve is elect in Christ and Adam too. Nevertheless here, they are looked at, not as individuals elect in Christ, but they are looked at here in terms of Adamís having represented all of mankind. And so, here is a word that God expresses to the generality of mankind, without a distinction between election and reprobation. Hereís what will be the experience of generality of mankind and God has to speak that here.
Expulsion from the garden
††††††††††† Likewise the next step in the process is the expulsion from the garden. They are elect in Christ. As a matter of fact we will see them go out of the garden wearing of robes, which are emblematic of the righteousness of Christ. But nevertheless they have to leave the garden at this particular point. †God has to register in history at this point in space and time this discontinuity that has taken place. There is a change from the original, the normal, to the abnormal. Things are not normal now. There has been that change. It has taken place in this particular point. The evil has not always been there. This curse has not always been there. This is a result of manís own culpability and responsibility for his fallenness. †So they have to be expelled from the garden. They have forfeited their right of guarding the garden and the cherubim are now placed there to take over that task in their place.
††††††††††† Itís like the Israelites who were supposed to go in and conquer the land. They were afraidódidnít want to do it. As soon as God tells them they canít do it anymore, now they want to rush back into the land, which they had forfeited, and God wonít let them in. Now they want to rush back and, of course, they are defeated. This is the propensity of mankind now that heís forfeited the garden of Eden it will be his desire to go rushing back in there and grab the tree of life for himself, even though he doesnít belong there now. †God knows thatís whatís in his heart. †So God keeps him out and God sets it up the flaming sword. The only way back to the tree of life is through the sword, through the flaming sword. †
††††††††††† Thatís why Jesus as the representative of his people, has to undergo the flaming sword. †In order to come to the tree of life himself and to get the fruit of the tree of life for us, he has to pass through the flaming sword. The seed of the woman has to suffer the crushing of, bruising of his heel in order that there might be salvation for his people. He has to experience the judgment of God exercised through his agents the cherubim. Jesus has to experience that sort of death in order to make his way back into the presence of God, the tree of life, which he does for us.
The Covenant of Redemption
††††††††††† That then brings us to the next section, which is the Covenant of Redemption. We will be looking at some of these same passages just to quickly pick up on the more positive sides of them. We have just looked at them from the point of view of what they say as they end the history of the Covenant of Creation and bring Godís judgment upon the fallenness. That is there.
††††††††††† But on page 86 and following, I have an introductory section, under the heading ďThe Redemptive Covenant and the Old World.Ē †I have a section where I have the material that we have probably covered in our overview of the covenant. So what I am trying to bring out here is how there was that distance of the covenant in eternity between the Father and the Son, in the Covenant of Works between the Father and the Son, as the second Adam. †Itís in terms of that eternal covenant then that Christ comes into the world in the incarnation and fulfills the commitments he made up there and the basis of him having fulfilled them, he is now authorized to administer the Covenant of Grace. So, we had that discussion earlier on these pages, I just tried to give some of the biblical evidence for construing the earthly mission of Christ in terms of fulfilling that eternal pact with the Father. I think we need not go through that in detail. Read it.
††††††††††††††††† Inauguration of the Redemptive Covenant: 3 special features
on page 89 I have the heading ďThe Inauguration now of the Redemptive Covenant.Ē
I begin with three features of this new stage, which were not part of Covenant
of Creation. †What I do here is make further use of Genesis 3:15 text to emphasis
the positive messianic aspects of it, rather than as the curse on Satan to bring
out the points of redemption and Messiah and so on.† I specify then the three
features, features of: †Messiah, grace, and election as being new features. They
are characteristics of the Covenant of Redemption.
††††††††††† In the covenant of Adam in the beginning there was no thought of Messiah or Christ. If Adam had passed his probation there wouldnít be a need for a second Adam. So you wouldnít have a messianic theme. In terms of the Covenant of Creation in itself there was no provision for a Messiah. Yes, God, we know had this in view and introduces it very quickly after the fall, but nevertheless simply in terms of the provisions that he specifies right from the beginning, the contents of the Covenant of Creation, there is no Messiah theme there. There would be, as I say, no need for incarnation of Christ if the first Adam had done what he was supposed to have done. So the Messiah theme is a new one that got announced right away in Genesis 3:15. Now he is going to go on to that heavenly goal, and a Messiah is very much needed. So thatís a new theme.
††††††††††† Whatís also needed now is the feature of grace--so Christ, grace. Hereís that old subject once again of works and grace, as we said. Apart from the fall it would have been a simple matter of works. Not one gram of grace would have been needed in order then had Adam passed his probation to be confirmed in righteousness, to receive the word of approbation, and to move on ultimately to glorification. The heavenly glory he would have earned it by works, ďdo this and you will live.Ē †That would have been the deal. No grace there. Grace is the distinctive feature of redemption. Grace is where God is going to bestow those blessings even though they have been demerited, even though they have been forfeitedóthatís what grace means. It is where God blesses you even though you have forfeited those blessings. †So that is a new feature, but that is the glory of the gospel. That is a feature now. Christ comes as the one who has the offer of grace. Yes, Christ is able to do that because he has fulfilled the eternal covenant of works. It is not without the obedience of the one that the many are made righteous; it is only in terms of that obedience, it is only as Christ fulfills those works that there could be grace. But now there is indeed grace for us.
††††††††††† Then, thirdly, this whole thing works itself out as the eternal covenant had in view that Christ is the representative not of everybody. †Adam was representative of everybody whatever Adam did would be imputed to all. What Christ does in terms of his passive and active obedience is imputed onto those who are in view in a mutual commitment of the Father to the Son. The Son undertakes to live and to die for the elect. The Father who commits himself to give to elect to Christ. But now you do get that thought of the election in Genesis 3:15 that already had that ďthe seed of the woman,Ē and ďthe seed of the serpent.Ē There is that division within the humankind between the people of God and the others, between the Jacobís and the Esauís. †So here are the three distinctive features of this new redemptive order.
The inauguration of the covenant
††††††††††† ďThe inauguration,Ē now that was the general heading here. The inauguration of this covenant is announced in Genesis 3:15 as we have already seen. ďEnmity I will put between you and the woman.Ē That is the announcement of the new covenant of grace. God is going to do a work of restoration, restoring Eve back to fellowship with her in a covenant of peace and light, of course, through her messianic seed. So the new covenant was inaugurated by way of declaration, if you will, in Genesis 3:15. Then in Genesis 3:16-19, that was the word of this common curse, which however applied the common grace of God, the common blessing of God. †Now doesnít the fact that God introduces an order that provides for history to go on, isnít that already a big intimation that he has a something in mind. If he didnít have salvation in mind, then as soon as man fell, the heavens would have passed away and man would have been cast into outer darkness pronto. That would be the end of it all. But it isnít. God doesnít deal with them in terms of the threat of that original covenant. He introduces something whereby history is going to go on, not as happily in a way as it would have been, but in some tolerable form of existence. In light of Genesis 3:15 with some great prospects of restoration in view. So the very fact then, that he, the Lord, announces this common, not final curse, the very fact that he provides for a historical development to move on is another indication then of his purposes of grace.
††††††††††† Finally, we are going right through these verses Gen. 3:15, 16 through 19, then 20, 21 are where we have a seal. Not just a declaration of Godís purposes, but a symbolic transaction whereby God seals the promises, which he has just made. Here again, I would refer you for the exegetical details to pages 93 to 95. But essentially you remember whatís going on. Adam has heard the gospel in Genesis 3:15 and he has heard that mother Eve is going to be standing there, the center of development that is going to be the offspring of the woman who are likened to her.
††††††††††† So he has heard a promise that relates her to the origins of this redemptive history and heís believed it.† Adam has heard this word with faith, and so he proceeds now in the light of what God has said, to name his wife. So it says he named her ďLife.Ē She is associated with this prophecy of restoration of life and Adam says, ďAmen, Lord, I believe it and in light of that I have named this woman ĎLife,í because she would become the mother of all the living.Ē† So Adam has given his expression of faith here and God therefore can move from the words of the common curse to a symbolic expression of his special saving grace.
††††††††††† It all takes the form then of this covering that God provides for their nakedness. So thereís all the rich symbolism of nakedness that Adam had pointed to the alleged excuse of his fleeing from the presence of God. God, of course, pushes him to the wall and says, well the real reason, of course, was because you disobeyed me. But nevertheless now since Adam has alleged to sense that shameful nakedness was the cause of the problem, God will take it at that point and now proceed to express his intention to correct things, by saying Iíll provide a covering for that nakedness.
††††††††††††††††††††††Double divorce:† two covenants and covering garments
††††††††††† So that whole episode can be seen in terms of a double divorce. Two covenants have existed. Thereís been the vertical covenant, between God and mankind, and that marriage relationship has been broken. It has been a great divorce. Man and the woman, mankind giving their marriage allegiance, theyíre making their covenant with Satan. So thereís been a divorce between man and God. Then at the horizontal level, was the covenant of marriage between the man and the woman, they have divorced one another in the whole process of the fall. They have refuted marriage as an authority structure as weíve seen. In the course of the interrogation they had reputed one anotherÖ ďThat woman whom you gave me,Ē he refers to her, not as my wife. There has been a divorce at that level. Now what the Lord proceeds to do, insofar as nakedness is expressive of this, by the way, in ancient legal practice where there was divorce the reprehensible guilty party in the affair would be thrust forth naked as a symbolic legal sign of the disruption of the marriage.
††††††††††† So providing a covering for nakedness fits in with the procedures with the setting forth of the reality of divorce. So thatís one way then, in which the covering that God provides can be understood--as a covering for nakedness.†
††††††††††† Now quite apart from divorce taking place in nakedness entering into the picture, covering with a garment is also then an ancient practice as attested elsewhere in the Scripture. Think of Ruth and Boaz, for example. The covering with the garment, or taking hold of the hem of garment, that kind of symbolism is expressive of coming under the authority, of the martial authority of someone. †So Godís putting a covering over them would, in those terms, be symbolic of, like Boaz and Ruth, the Lordís covering them over with the garment of his authority. †He is once again husband and they are wife, as you might represent the horizontal level. And incidentally, the skin that he takes for this purpose is a singular. It is appropriate to express that unity. He makes the separate garments out this one new skin; he covers the two of them. So I think the symbolism is very rich here. This covering that God provides is expressive of remarriage, re-covenanting, both vertically between himself and man, and the man and the woman. See the man has assumed his proper responsibility by naming the woman, which is an expression of his authority over her, which honors Godís original authority structure. Man being ready to do things properly, now God symbolizes the restoration of their marriage. But of course, most significantly what heís doing is prophesying how there is enmity of Satan, and there is fellowship again with himself.
††††††††††† Now in the text we speak about the death of the animal to provide this covering. It only speaks about the remedial results. God provides a remedy. This isnít the real atonement; it is only a symbolic expression that God is going to provide a covering and atonement. †Nevertheless, you and I, or any other reader of the passage canít read this passage without seeing that some animal had to die to provide the skin.† So our minds are directed to that right away, and therefore certainly here is the beginning in Scripture of that theme of the shedding of blood to make a covering atonement. †Here is a further exposition of the theme that the Messianic seed of the woman must suffer in order to win the victory over Satan, to provide the garment of righteousness. †Or if you will, one of the important components of the image of God, see man must be restored to the image God, the second component, the image of God is moral righteousness and so on. So now thatís whatís going on in this wonderful symbolism in Genesis 3:21. So thatís the Covenant of Redemption inaugurated by declaration and by the intimations up here and by Godís own symbolic ritual.
Summary of the Covenant of Redemption
††††††††††† It would be useful right at this point, to give you a quick overview, another chart, of the Covenant of Creation summing up everything we have done. Now maybe we can have a chart of the Covenant of Redemption anticipating where itís going from this point on, then we can go back and work our way through it.
††††††††††† Find our little chartÖ We might have put something like this on when we gave our overviewóI have forgotten whether we have done it or not. Well, letís see. That eternal covenant is back of it allóthe covenant of the Father and Son in eternity. So back of it all we have that arrangement. †In fulfillment of it we have the incarnation where the Son fulfills his commitment to take upon himself the form of man to experience the death of the cross and so on. So Christ, as the second Adam, now has his Covenant of Works to fulfill in obedience to it. He enters into the world. †So we have the incarnation. Of course, he comes as the second Adam, and so his task is to do what the first Adam failed to do. He must undergo probation. A probation that will involve suffering is going to come in the form of the covenant servant. The eternal son now takes upon himself the form of the servant, the second Adam. He undergoes that probation; he fights the battle of the Armageddon. Satan again approaches where he doesnít belong and so forth. The son wins the decisive victory repudiating Satan and so on. As a result of, Revelation 12, Satan is cast out of heaven and so on.†
††††††††††††††† Transcribed by Alinne DeOliveira
† ††††††††††††† Rough edited by Ted Hildebrandt