George Whitefield (1714-1770)

           The Great Awakener of the Eighteenth Century
                                      Great Awakening

                                                       Ted Hildebrandt (Gordon College)   
 
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                  George Whitefield was born in 1714--approximately 300 years ago. He was the great preacher/evangelist
                  of the eighteenth century. He was friends with John, and especially Charles Wesley although they
                  had a major disagreement over Calvinism and free will their friendship never wavered. Whitefield was a
                  committed Calvinist.  He was thoroughly evangelical and much of his preaching focused on personal salvation,
                  justification by faith, Christ's imputed righteousness and the perils of rejecting Christ.
                  In England, he preached in Glouchester, Bristol and London as well as Wales and Scotland and then, as a
                  young man he made his way to Savanna Georgia to found an orphanage for which he was constantly trying to
                   raise money. He preached and united America from Boston, New York to Savanna. In Philadelphia
                   he was a good acquaintance of Benjamin Franklin. He crossed the treacherous Atlantic thirteen times.
                   He died after preaching his last 2 hour sermon in Exeter New Hampshire in September of 1770 and is buried
                   under the pulpit in old South Presbyternian Church in Newburyport, MA a few miles from Gordon College.
                   He was known for preaching out of doors to huge crowds and the Pulpit Rock in Rowley, MA is a testimony
                   to his rhetorical ability and strength of voice which was admired by so many of his followers. He preached
                   in open fields to crowds of over 10,000 when churches closed their doors to his ministry of the Spirit.
                   He, along with Jonathan Edwards and the Wesleys, are the great founders of the First Great Awakening
                    that spiritually revived many in England and America in the late 1730's and early 1740's. In some senses,
                    Whitefield can be seen as a prelude to the uniting of American prior to the War of Independence
                    in 1776. In short, he is a fascinating traveling evangelist and here I have attempted to preserve
                    some of his legacy for the current situation which is in such need of another Christ-centered third
                    "great awakening."

 

            Books and Texts on George Whitefield:

                             Joseph Belcher, George Whitefield: A Biography with Special Reference to His Labors
                                         in America, 1857. 515 pgs.  *.html [Web];   *.docx [MS Word];  *.pdf [Acrobat]
                             James P. Gledstone, The Life and Travels of George Whitefield, 1871 . 522 pgs.
                                        *.html [Web];   *.docx [MS Word];  *.pdf [Acrobat]
                             Robert Phillip, The Life and Times of the Reverend George Whitefield, M.A. 1838 . 588 pgs.
                                        *.html [Web];   *.docx [MS Word];  *.pdf [Acrobat]
                            J. C. Ryle, A Sketch of the Life and Labors of George Whitefield, from
                                        The Christian Leaders of England in the Eighteenth Century (1869; 33 pages)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]

 

                           Michael A. G. Haykin, "The revived Puritan: The Spirituality of George Whitefield,"
                                    The Fellowship for reformation and pastoral studies 29.1 (Sept 2000)
                                    Acrobat (*.pdf), Cited with permission.
                           Mark Christy, The Place of George Whitefield in the Great Awakening, 2008,
                                    Paper for Southwestern Baptist Seminary. Cited with permission.
                                     *.pdf [Acrobat]

                            Steven Lawson, Lecture on George Whitefield (video) 76 minutes,
                                      Sermon given at Christ Fellowhip Baptist Church, Mobile, Alabama 36609.
                            The Remarkable Influence of George Whitefield (useful timeline of his life)
                                     by Steven Lawson. (*.pdf Acrobat)

                            Audio Sermons, journal and Letters of George Whitefield on the web: SermonAudio.com

                              Text for Whitefield's Sermons at: www.ccel.org                            
                              28 Never reprinted Sermons: http://www.quintapress.com/extra_sermons.html

                            George Whitefield – Lessons for Today (Part 1) - The Message
                                      By David Meager, compliments of www.churchsociety.org
                            George Whitefield – Lessons for Today (Part 2) – The Impact of
                                      His Preaching
                                      By David Meager, compliments of www.churchsociety.org
                            George Whitefield – Lessons for Today (Part 3) - Whitefield and the
                                       Church of England
                                      By David Meager, compliments of www.churchsociety.org
                            George Whitefield – Lessons for Today (Part 4) - Christian Character
                                      By David Meager, compliments of www.churchsociety.org
                             The Controversial George Whitefield" Christianity.com
                             Christianity Today Synopsis on Whitefield
                             Remarkable Influence of George Whitefield

                            "George Whitefield – The Necessary Interdependence of Preaching Style
                                      Sermon Content to Effect Revival," by Marion D. Aldridge
                                       (Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society, 23.1
                                        [March 1980]), 55-64.

                            George Whitefield and Benjamin Franklin:
                                        Benjamin Franklin on Rev. George Whitefield (1739) by National
                                                      Humanities Center Resource Toolbox.                                    
                                         "Benjamin Franklin, George Whitefield, and the Founding of the
                                                     University of Pennsylvania" Thomas Kidd (2013 at Patheos).

                            John Wesley's, "Death of George Whitefield," Sermon 53
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]

                  Context for Understanding George Whitefield

                            Two major books that influenced the thinking and religious formation of
                                       George Whitefield beyond the Greek New Testament and Matthew Henry
                                        Commentary, and Cruden's Concordance:
                                          William Law, A Serious Call to a Devout and Holy Life (Acobat pdf) (from www.ccel.org)
                                                    LibriVox free audio recording: (*.mp3)
                                          Henry Scougal, The Life of God in the Soul of Man (Acrobat pdf) (from www.ccel.org)
                                                    LibriVox free audio recording: (*.mp3)
                                          Thomas a Kempis, Imitation of Christ (Acrobat pdf) (from www.ccel.org)
                                                    LibriVox free audio recording: (*.mp3)

                               Significant people who interacted with Whitefield:
                                          Benjamin Franklin (Philadelphia)
                                          Bishop Benson (ordained him)
                                          Bishop Lavington of Exeter (opposition)
                                          Wartburton (opposition)
                                          Countess of Huntingdon--Selina Hastings (supporter)
                                          Dr. Philip Doddridge
                                          James Hervey (writer/friend)
                                          James Habersham (Bethesda orphanage in Georgia)
                                          Dr. Isaac Watts (hymnist)
                                          Dr. William Seward
                                          John and Charles Wesley (England)
                                          John Cennick
                                          Jonathan Edwards (MA, New England)
                                          Howell Harris (of Wales) (vid. online discussion)
                                          Prof. Franke (Germany)
                                          Rev. Jonathan Parsons (Newburyport, MA)
                                          Ralph and David Erskine (Scotland)
                                          Samson Occom (American Indian, Dartmouth College)
                                          William and Gilbert Tennant (New Jersey, Log College)
                                          Mr. Moody (York, Maine)

                                 Broader contexts which he interfaced with:
                                           Holy Club at Oxford
                                           Quakers
                                           Moravians
                                           Methodists
                                           Puritans
                                           Dissenters
                                           Enthusiasts
                                           Church of England in the 18th Century
                                           New Lights
                                           Deism
                                           Great Awakening
                                           Fetter Lane Religious Society

                                  Locations:
                                           Bath
                                           Bethesda Orphanage [Georgia]
                                           Blackheath hill
                                           Boston [Massachusetts]
                                           Bristol [Kingswood]
                                           Charleston [South Carolina]
                                           Dublin [Ireland]
                                           Glouchester
                                           Edinburgh [Scotland]
                                           Cambuslang [by Glasglow]
                                           Cardiff [Wales]
                                           Glasglow [Scotland]
                                           Harvard University
                                           Leeds [Scotland]
                                           London Tabernacle
                                           Moorsfields [London],
                                           Kennington Common
                                           Kingswood [Bristol]
                                           Newbury Port [Massachusetts]
                                           New York City
                                           Northhampton, MA
                                           Oxford University
                                           Philadelphia [Pennsylvania]
                                           Savanah [Georgia]
                                           Tottenham Court Road Tabernacle [London]
                                           Tabernacle (London)
                                      
 

                                        

                                 59 Sermons by George Whitefield

                             To download the audio = Right-click and "Save Target As" to your device

                           Sermon 1: "The Seed of the Woman, and the Seed of the Serpent" (Gen. 3:15)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (52 mins.)   Video Flash Animation Video mpg4 animation
                           Sermon 2: "Walking with God" (Gen. 5:24)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (51 mins.)
                           
Sermon 3: "Abraham's Offering Up His Son Isaac" (Gen. 22:12)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (43 mins.)
                           Sermon 4: "The Great Duty of Family Religion" (Joshua 24:15)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (37 mins.)    
                            Sermon 5: "Christ the Best Husband: Or an Earnest Invitation to Young Women to Come
                                      and See Christ"
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (36 mins.)    
                             Sermon 6: "Britain's Mercies, and Britain's Duty (Ps 55:45)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (41 mins.)   
                             Sermon 7: "Thankfulness for Mercies received, a necessary Duty" (Ps. 108:30-31)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                     *.mp3 [Audio] (51 mins.)
                             Sermon 8: "The Necessity and Benefits of Religious Society" (Eccles. 4:9-12)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (45 mins.)         
                             
Sermon 9: "The Folly and Danger of Being Not Righteous Enough" (Eccles. 7:16)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (51 mins.)  
                             Sermon 10: "A Preservative Against Unsettled Notions, and Want of Principles,
                                      in Regard to Righteousness and Christian Perfection--Being a More
                                      Particular Answer to Doctor Trapp's Four Sermons Upon the Same Text"
                                       (Eccles. 7:16)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (49 mins.) 
                             Sermon 11: "The Benefits of an Early Piety" (Eccles. 12:1)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (30 mins.)
                             Sermon 12: "Christ the Believer's Husband" (Isa. 54:5)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (74 mins.)
                             Sermon 13: "The Potter and the Clay" (Jer 18:1-6)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (54 mins.)
                             Sermon 14: "The Lord our Righteousness" (Jer 23:6)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (53 mins.)
                             Sermon 15: "The Righteousness of Christ, an Everlasting Righteousness" (Dan 9:24)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (45 mins.)
                            Sermon 16: "The Observation of the Birth of Christ, the Duty of All Christians;
                                      or the True Way of Keeping Christmas," (Mat 1:21)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (27 mins.)
                             Sermon 17: "The Temptation of Christ" (Matthew 4:1-11)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (44 mins.) 
                            Sermon 18: "The Heinous Sin of Profane Cursing and Swearing" (Mat 5:34)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (29 mins.)
                            Sermon 19:  "Christ the Support of the Tempted" (Matt 6:13)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (31 mins.)
                            Sermon 20: "Worldly Business No Plea for the Neglect of Religion" (Mat 8:22)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (23 mins.)
                            Sermon 21: "Christ the Only Rest for the Weary and Heavy-Laden" (Mastt 11:28)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (29 mins.)
                            Sermon 22: "The Folly and Danger of Parting with Christ for the              
                                      Pleasures and Profits of Life " (Matt 8:23-34)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (44 mins.)
                            Sermon 23: "Marks of True Conversion" (Matthew 18:3)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (50 mins.)   
                            Sermon 24: "What Think Ye of Christ?" (Matthew 22:42)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (50 mins.)   
                            Sermon 25: "The Wise and Foolish Virgins" (Matthew 25)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (55 mins.)
                            
 Sermon 27: "Blind Bartimaeus" (Mark 10:52)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (43 mins.)
                             Sermon 28: "Directions How to Hear Sermons" (Luke 8:18)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (23 mins.)
                             Sermon 29: "The Extent and Reasonableness of Self-Denial" (Luke 9:23)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (33 mins.) 
                             Sermon 30: "Christ's Transfiguration" (Luke 9:28-36)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (44 mins.) 
                             Sermon 31: "The Care of the Soul Urged as the One Thing Needful" (Luke 10:42)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (54 mins.) 
                             Sermon 32: "A Penitent Heart" (Luke 13:3)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (56 mins.)    
                             Sermon 33: "The Gospel Supper" (Luke 14:22-24)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (44 mins.) 
                            Sermon 34:  "The Pharisee and Publican" (Luke 18:14)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (39 mins.)        
                            Sermon 35: The Conversion of Zaccheaus" (Luke 19:9-10)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (44 mins.)   
                             Sermon 36: "The Marriage of Cana (John 2)"
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (42 mins.) 
                             Sermon 37: "Search the Scriptures"
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (26 mins.) 
                             Sermon 38: "The Indwelling of the Spirit, the Common Privilege of All Believers
                                       (John 7) "
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (38 mins.) 
                             Sermon 39: "The Resurrection of Lazarus (John 11)"
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (62 mins.) 
                             Sermon 40: "The Holy Spirit Convincing the World of Sin, Righteousness and
                                     Judgement (John 16:8)"
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (43 mins.)
                            Sermon 41: "Saul's Conversion" (Acts 9:22)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (49 mins.)
                            Sermon 42: "Marks of Having Received the Holy Ghost" (Acts 19:2)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (33 mins.)
                            Sermon 43: "The Almost Christian" (Acts 26:28)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (38 mins.)     
                            Sermon 44: "Christ, the Believer's Wisdom, Righteousness, Sanctification and
                                       Redemption" (1 Cor 1:30)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (45 mins.)   
                            Sermon 45: "The Knowledge of Jesus Christ the Best Knowledge" (1 Cor 2:2)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (25 mins.)   
                            Sermon 46: "Of Justification by Christ" (1 Cor 6:11)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (30 mins.)   
                            Sermon 48: "Satan's Devices"
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (36 mins.)   
                          
 Sermon 50: "Christians, Temples of the Living God" (2 Cor. 6:16)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (38 mins.)  
                            Sermon 51: "Christ the Only Perservative against a Reprobate Spirit"
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (34 mins.)  
                            Sermon 52: "The Heinous Sin of Drunkenness" (Eph 5:18)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (32 mins.)  
                            Sermon 54: "Intercession Every Christian's Duty" (1 Thes. 5:25)
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (30 mins.)
                             Sermon 55:  "Persecution, every Christian's Lot"
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (42 mins.)
                              Sermon 56:  "An Exhortation to the People of God Not to be Discouraged
                                      in Their Way, by the Scoffs and Contempt of Wicked Men (Heb. 4:9)"
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (14 mins.)
                              Sermon 57:  "Preached before the Governor, and Council, and the House
                                       Assembly, in Georgia, on January 28 1770--Day of Small Things (Zech 4:10)"
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (48 mins.)
                              Sermon 58:  "The Method of Grace (Jer 6:14)"
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (47 mins.)
                              Sermon 59:  "The Good Shepherd: A Farewell Sermon (John 10:27-28)"
                                     *.html [Web Viewing]; *.doc [Word Processing]; *.pdf [Acrbat Printing]
                                    *.mp3 [Audio] (40 mins.)